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Need satisfaction, motivation, and engagement among high-performance youth athletes: A multiple mediation analysis
University of Utah, USA.
Karlstads university.
Örebro university.
University of Minnesota, USA.
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, ISSN 1612-197X, E-ISSN 1557-251X, Vol. 13, no 4, 415-433 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this investigation was to examine whether the various types of motivation articulated in self-determination theory (SDT) mediated the relationship between basic need satisfaction (i.e. competence, autonomy, and relatedness) and athlete engagement. Four types of motivation as assessed by the Situational Motivation Scale including intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, external regulation, and amotivation were examined as mediators of the need satisfaction–engagement relationship. Swedish downhill skiers (N = 192; n = 95 males, n  = 97 females) aged 15–20 years completed questionnaires assessing the study variables of interest. Mediation analyses revealed that all four motivational regulations were significant partial mediators of the relationship between autonomy support and engagement. Moreover, except for external regulation, all three motivational regulations fully mediated the association between relatedness and engagement. Finally, intrinsic motivation and identified regulation partially mediated the relationship between competence and engagement. Findings support SDT contentions highlighting the importance of self-determined forms of motivation in mediating need satisfaction and engagement. The mediation patterns and directions for future research are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 13, no 4, 415-433 p.
Keyword [en]
engagement, adolescent athletes, self-determination theory, antecedent, skiers
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Research subject
Sports Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-47596DOI: 10.1080/1612197X.2014.999346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-47596DiVA: diva2:873987
Available from: 2015-02-19 Created: 2015-11-25 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved

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Alricsson, Marie
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf