lnu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Availability of Biomass for Energy Purposes in Nordic and Baltic Countries: Land Areas and Biomass Amounts
The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden (Skogforsk).
The Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute, Norway.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Baltic Forestry, ISSN 1392-1355, E-ISSN 2029-9230, Vol. 21, no 2, 375-390 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

This review compiles information on the current state of the forests and analyses the potential of forest fuels for energy purposes in Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Estonia and Latvia. In these countries the forest area is 61 mill. ha, corresponding to 52% of the land areas, which is high in a European perspective where 38% of the land area is forest (EU-27). Although some forest areas are protected, 75-92% of the area can still be used for wood production. Further, substantial agriculture land areas may also be available for production of biomass for energy. Coniferous species dominate the forests in Finland, Norway and Sweden, while a more even distribution of conifers and deciduous species is found in Denmark, Estonia and Latvia. The total growing stock is around 7,400 mill. m(3) and the annual increment is estimated to about 275 mill. m(3) yr(-1) Annual growth currently exceeds annual harvest, leading to the conclusion that some of the difference may be used for energy purposes in the near future. The current potential for forest fuel resources was estimated to 230-410 TWh yr(-1) (830-1,480 PJ yr(-1)) for the countries included and forest fuels will thus be of utmost importance for the future energy supply in the area. A changing climate with larger standing volumes may affect the future growth positively and increase the potential harvest levels. Estimates from Finland, Sweden and Norway show an average growth increase of over 30% by the end of the century and substantially higher for specific regions. Wood is extensively used for energy purposes and the forests hold a large potential for increasing the production of renewable energy. The potential may be further increased in the future with increased fertilization, extended breeding for enhanced biomass production, larger cultivation areas and changes of tree species and management systems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 21, no 2, 375-390 p.
Keyword [en]
annual forest growth, available land areas for forest, biomass availability, forest fuels, climate change effects, energy use, forestry regulations, growing stock, harvest potential of forest fuels, Nordic and Baltic countries
National Category
Forest Science
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-50802ISI: 000368757900022Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84996602521OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-50802DiVA: diva2:912371
Available from: 2016-03-16 Created: 2016-03-16 Last updated: 2016-12-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

ScopusFulltext

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Bergh, Johan
By organisation
Department of Forestry and Wood Technology
In the same journal
Baltic Forestry
Forest Science

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Total: 78 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf