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Folate content in processed legume foods commonly consumed in Egypt
Mansoura University, Egypt.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0387-4312
2014 (English)In: Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, ISSN 0023-6438, E-ISSN 1096-1127, Vol. 57, no 1, 337-343 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Industrial food processing and household cooking are reported to affect folate content. This study examined the effects of industrial and household processing methods on folate content in traditional Egyptian foods from faba beans (Vicia faba) and chickpeas (Cicer arietinum). Overnight soaking increased folate content by ∼40–60%. Industrial canning including soaking, blanching and retorting did not affect folate content (p = 0.11) in faba beans, but resulted in losses of ∼24% (p = 0.0005) in chickpeas. Germination increased folate content 0.4–2.4-fold. Household preparation increased the folate content in germinated faba bean soup (nabet soup) one-fold and in bean stew (foul) by 20% (p < 0.0001). After deep-frying of falafel balls made from soaked faba bean paste, losses of 10% (p = 0.2932) compared with the raw faba beans were observed. The folate content (fresh weight) in the traditional Egyptian foods foul and falafel and in the beans in nabet soup was 30 ± 2, 45 ± 2 and 56 ± 6 μg/100 g, respectively. The traditional Egyptian foods foul, falafel and nabet soup are good folate sources and techniques like germination and soaking, which increase the folate content, can therefore be recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 57, no 1, 337-343 p.
National Category
Food Science
Research subject
Natural Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-51197DOI: 10.1016/j.lwt.2013.12.026OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-51197DiVA: diva2:913599
Available from: 2016-03-21 Created: 2016-03-21 Last updated: 2017-04-18Bibliographically approved

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Hefni, Mohammed E.Witthöft, Cornelia M.
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf