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Causes of Regional Change: Land Cover
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2025-410X
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany.
Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute.
Lund University.
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin / [ed] The BACC II Author team, Springer, 2015, 453-477 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Anthropogenic land-cover change (ALCC) is one of the few climate forcings for which the net direction of the climate response over the last two centuries is still not known. The uncertainty is due to the often counteracting temperature responses to the many biogeophysical effects and to the biogeochemical versus biogeophysical effects. Palaeoecological studies show that the major transformation of the landscape by anthropogenic activities in the southern zone of the Baltic Sea basin occurred between 6000 and 3000/2500 cal year BP. The only modelling study of the biogeophysical effects of past ALCCs on regional climate in north-western Europe suggests that deforestation between 6000 and 200 cal year BP may have caused significant change in winter and summer temperature. There is no indication that deforestation in the Baltic Sea area since AD 1850 would have been a major cause of the recent climate warming in the region through a positive biogeochemical feedback. Several model studies suggest that boreal reforestation might not be an effective climate warming mitigation tool as it might lead to increased warming through biogeophysical processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2015. 453-477 p.
Series
Regional Climate Studies, ISSN 1862-0248
Keyword [en]
land use, land cover, Holocene, land cover-climate interactions, climate forcing, Baltic Sea catchment area, Europe, northern hemisphere
National Category
Climate Research Physical Geography
Research subject
Environmental Science, Paleoecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-51746DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16006-1_25ISBN: 978-3-319-16005-4 (print)ISBN: 978-3-319-16006-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-51746DiVA: diva2:915936
Available from: 2016-03-31 Created: 2016-03-31 Last updated: 2016-10-25Bibliographically approved

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Gaillard, Marie-JoséBergh, JohanTrondman, Anna-Kari
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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