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Occupational Health in Small Scale and Household Industries in Nepal: A Situation Analysis
Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal.
Nepal Health Research Council, Nepal.
2008 (English)In: Kathmandu University Medical Journal, ISSN 1812-2027, E-ISSN 1812-2078, Vol. 6, no 2, 152-160 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Making working conditions safe and healthy is the interest of workers, employers and the Government.Although it seems simple and obvious, this idea has not yet gained meaningful recognition in Nepal.Materials and methods: The study was conducted in ten small scale industries of Kathmandu valley. Altogether 545questionnaires on socioeconomic and occupational history were fi lled up. Similarly, Workplace Occupational HealthAssessment was done in all ten industries. A thorough medical examination of 135 child workers was done using astructured questionnaire to fi nd out the health effects due to occupational hazards.Results: Out of the total 545 workers present in the industries under study, 135 (24.8%) were child workers. Higherproportion of child workers (97%) was illiterate compared to 3% of children with primary level education. Among thechild workers, 23 (17%) were girls. The majority of the child labourers were suffering from conditions like otitis externa,otitis media, scabies, anaemia, upper respiratory diseases, nasal problems, abdominal pain etc.Conclusion: The occupational health and safety practices in small scale industries in Kathmandu have been found to beunsatisfactory. Child labour is a serious problem. Out of ten industries, six have employed child workers and the workingconditions range from bad to terrible. Health and welfare of the child workers was also not satisfactory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 6, no 2, 152-160 p.
Keyword [en]
Situation Analysis, Occupational Hazards, Occupational Health and Safety, Small Scale and Household Industries, Child Labour, Kathmandu, Nepal
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Research subject
Natural Science, Biomedical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-52019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-52019DiVA: diva2:918339
Available from: 2016-04-11 Created: 2016-04-11 Last updated: 2016-04-11Bibliographically approved

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  • apa
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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