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Estrogenicity and Genotoxicity Detection in Different Contaminated Waters
Laboratory of Bioremediation and Phytotechnologies ; Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science. Laboratory of Bioremediation and Phytotechnologies ; Rio de Janeiro State University, Brazil.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7920-8001
2015 (English)In: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, ISSN 1080-7039, E-ISSN 1549-7860, Vol. 21, no 7, 1793-1809 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT: Owing that Oreochromis niloticus is resistant to different aquatic environments,four contaminated sites were selected: decentralized engineered ecosystem(DEE) and conventional wastewater treatment plants(WWTP); urban lagoon; and gasoline-contaminated marshland. Endocrine disruption was assessed by alkali-labile phosphate(ALP) quantification,genotoxicity by micronuclei frequency,and morphological changes by hepatosomatic and gonadosomatic indexes. The ALP baseline of non-exposed O. niloticus males was low,compared with other fish species in the literature. Endocrine disruption was observed in fish exposed to raw wastewater of WWTP and DEE,discharge point of channeled river in the urban lagoon,and water from gasoline-contaminated marshland. After treatment in the DEE,the endocrine disruption effect was removed. The micronuclei frequency corroborated with the ALP results in most cases and proved to be a useful tool to assess genotoxicity in fish. The exposure time of 15 days was not enough to provoke morphological effects in most samples. However,in all gasoline-contaminated samples,the fishes showed an increase in the hepatosomatic index followed by a decrease in the gonadosomatic index. The tested biomarkers showed feasibility,sensibility,reproducibility,and were complementary in the assessment of chronic ecotoxicity; therefore,we recommend them to compose a suitable protocol for aquatic monitoring programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 21, no 7, 1793-1809 p.
Keyword [en]
alkali-labile phosphate, chronic toxicity, contaminated waters, endocrine disruption, estrogenicity
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Natural Science, Environmental Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-55248DOI: 10.1080/10807039.2014.987027ISI: 000356500000006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84931577850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-55248DiVA: diva2:952093
Available from: 2016-08-11 Created: 2016-08-10 Last updated: 2016-11-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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