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Compulsory school in- and outdoors: implications for school children’s physical activity and health during one academic year
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Karolinska Institutet.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3030-6716
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. University of Gothenburg.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9476-9512
Stockholm County Council.
University of Gothenburg.
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2016 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 13, no 7, 1-11 p., 699Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Regulated school days entail less free-living physical activity (PA) and outdoor stay, which may jeopardize the opportunities for cohesive moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and, by extension, children’s health. The role of outdoor stay during school time for pupils’ free-living PA vs. physical education (PE) and indoor stay was studied during one academic year in 196 pupils aged 7–14 years at four schools in mid-southern Sweden during five consecutive days each in September, March, and May. Actigraph GT3X+ Activity monitors were used. Predictors for PA during school stay were expressed as mean daily accelerometer counts and were measured per season, day, grade, gender, weather, and time outdoors. Overall, free-living PA outdoors generated the highest mean accelerometer counts for moderate and vigorous PA. Outdoor PA and PE, representing 23.7% of the total school time contributed to 50.4% of total mean accelerometer counts, and were the greatest contributors to moderate and vigorous PA. Age and weather impacted PA, with less PA in inclement weather and among older pupils. More time outdoors, at all seasons, would favorably increase school children’s chances of reaching recommended levels of PA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 13, no 7, 1-11 p., 699
Keyword [en]
Children, Health, Physical activity, Physical education, School environment
National Category
Pedagogy Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Health and Caring Sciences; Pedagogics and Educational Sciences, Pedagogics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-56095DOI: 10.3390/ijerph13070699ISI: 000380759800075Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84978523955OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-56095DiVA: diva2:971335
Available from: 2016-09-16 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2017-01-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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