lnu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Three-dimensional modelling of knots and pith location in Norway spruce boards using tracheid-effect scanning
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4518-570X
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8513-0394
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, ISSN 0018-3768, E-ISSN 1436-736X, Vol. 74, no 5, 725-739 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Knots and the orientation of fibres in timber are decisive for the stiffness and strength of boards. Due to large property variations between members, strength grading is necessary. High resolution information of the orientation of fibres, both on surfaces and within members, would enable development of more accurate grading methods than those available today. A step towards three-dimensional (3D) models of the fibre orientation of the entire board volume is the establishment of 3D knot models based on scanning. The light from a dot laser illuminating the surface of a softwood board will, due to the tracheid effect, spread more along the fibres than across resulting in the dot entering an elliptical shape. In this investigation both the shape of the ellipse and the direction of its major axis were used to estimate the 3D fibre orientation on board surfaces. Knot surfaces were identified where the angle between the estimated 3D fibre direction and an approximated direction of the board’s pith exceeded a threshold value. By means of algorithms based on polar coordinates, knot surfaces which belonged to the same physical knot visible on different sides of the board were identified and as a result the position, orientation and volume of each knot were determined. Based on this information, a more accurate position of the board’s pith along the board was calculated. The established models showed good agreement with physical boards. The models constitute a promising starting point for further development of strength grading methods based on tracheid-effect scanning.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 74, no 5, 725-739 p.
National Category
Wood Science Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology Building Technologies
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Civil engineering; Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-56067DOI: 10.1007/s00107-016-1049-7ISI: 000380689900010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84982063018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-56067DiVA: diva2:971467
Available from: 2016-09-16 Created: 2016-08-31 Last updated: 2017-01-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textScopusFulltext (read only)

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Briggert, AndreasOlsson, AndersOscarsson, Jan
By organisation
Department of Building Technology
In the same journal
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products
Wood SciencePaper, Pulp and Fiber TechnologyBuilding Technologies

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 441 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf