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Load-to-grain angle dependence of the embedment behavior of dowel-type fasteners in laminated veneer lumber
Vienna University of Technology, Austria.
Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7829-4630
Vienna University of Technology, Austria.
Vienna University of Technology, Austria.
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2016 (English)In: Construction and Building Materials, ISSN 0950-0618, E-ISSN 1879-0526, Vol. 126, 1020-1033 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Load-to-grain angle dependence of the embedment behavior of steel dowels in laminated veneer lumber, as a consequence of the anisotropic material behavior of wood, is experimentally investigated in this study. As a novel issue, in addition to the stress dependence, the displacement path of the dowel depend- ing on the load-to-grain angle, is discussed. Full-hole embedment tests of screw-reinforced LVL speci- mens up to dowel displacements of two times the dowel diameter and thus, representative for highly ductile dowel connections were conducted. Tests were performed with unconstrained lateral displace- ment boundary conditions of steel dowels with a diameter of 12 mm and 16 mm. Surface deformations were monitored with a full-field deformation measurement system. Increasing the load-to-grain angle caused reduced quasi-elastic limits and loading stiffness. However, for load-to-grain angles of 60 and higher, a pronounced displacement-hardening effect, leading to high embedment stresses at large dowel displacements, was observed. For the investigated dowel diameters, surface strains and plastic deforma- tions around the dowel indicate an almost dowel diameter independent load bearing area, which might explain higher nominal embedment stresses and consequently a more pronounced hardening effect of the smaller dowel diameter. Dowel displacements perpendicular to the initial loading direction, i.e., non- linear displacement paths of the dowel, were related to the anisotropic stiffness of wood and densifica- tion effects close to the dowel. The established experimental dataset was compared to current European timber engineering design equations and could serve as input to analytical and numerical models of dowel connections. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 126, 1020-1033 p.
National Category
Wood Science Building Technologies
Research subject
Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Forestry and Wood Technology; Technology (byts ev till Engineering), Civil engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:lnu:diva-56986DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.09.051ISI: 000387194400103OAI: oai:DiVA.org:lnu-56986DiVA: diva2:992940
Available from: 2016-09-29 Created: 2016-09-29 Last updated: 2016-12-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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