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  • 1.
    Andric´, Vedran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Bernestedt, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Incoterms® 2010 - villkoret FAS.: En studie av dess praktiska användning och betydelse.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents a study of the Incoterms® 2010 seaterm, FAS. The main questions are; why is it not used as often as the other terms for sea transportation, and, what are the main decisions when choosing Incoterms®. The study was carried out with a qualitative approach and data were collected through a literature study and two qualitative interviews; one with a company representative, and one who is an expert in logistics law. A theoretical review of Incoterms® and previous research, constructs the theoretical framework used. The result show several aspects for FAS not being used as often as the other terms. Most common aspects are; passing of risk, break point, payment and lack of knowledge.

  • 2.
    Andric´, Vedran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Bernestedt, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Incoterms® 2010 - villkoret FAS.: En studie av dess praktiska användning och betydelse.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents a study of the Incoterms® 2010 seaterm, FAS. The main questions are; why is it not used as often as the other terms for sea transportation, and, what are the main decisions when choosing Incoterms®. The study was carried out with a qualitative approach and data were collected through a literature study and two qualitative interviews; one with a company representative, and one who is an expert in logistics law. A theoretical review of Incoterms® and previous research, constructs the theoretical framework used. The result show several aspects for FAS not being used as often as the other terms. Most common aspects are; passing of risk, break point, payment and lack of knowledge.

  • 3.
    Antai, Imoh
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Mutshinda, Crispin
    Mount Allison University, Canada.
    Owusu, Richard A.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    A 3-R principle for characterizing failure in relief supply chains’response to natural disasters2015In: Journal of Humanitarian Logistics and Supply Chain Management, ISSN 2042-6747, E-ISSN 2042-6755, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 234-252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    principle for characterizing failure in humanitarian/relief supply chains’ response to natural disasters,and describes a Bayesian methodology of the failure odds with regard to external factors that mayaffect the disaster-relief outcome, and distinctive supply chain proneness to failure.Design/methodology/approach – The suggested 3Rs combine simplicity and completeness,enclosing all aspects of the 7R principle popular within business logistics. A fixed effects logisticregression model is designed, with a Bayesian approach, to relate the supply chains’ odds for success indisaster-relief to potential environmental predictors, while accounting for distinctive supply chains’proneness to failure.Findings – Analysis of simulated data demonstrate the model’s ability to distinguish relief supplychains with regards to their disaster-relief failure odds, taking into account pertinent external factorsand supply chain idiosyncrasies.Research limitations/implications – Due to the complex nature of natural disasters and the scarcityof subsequent data, the paper employs computer-simulated data to illustrate the implementation ofthe proposed methodology.Originality/value – The 3R principle offers a simple and familiar basis for evaluating failure in reliefsupply chains’ response to natural disasters. Also, it brings the issues of customer orientation withinhumanitarian relief and supply operations to the fore, which had only been implicit within thehumanitarian and relief supply chain literature.

  • 4.
    Aronsson, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Karlsson, Håkan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Effektivisering av ett internt materialflöde i en producerande verksamhet: En fallstudie utförd på Växjöfabriken Produktions AB2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to increase our understanding of the different types of waste that affects the internal material- and production flow in a manufacturing company. The study was conducted in order to provide recommendations to improve the efficiency of the process. The study was performed at the company Växjöfabriken Produktions AB, which is located in Växjö and performs cutting processing on casted details. After studying existing theories we created our theoretical base with a selection of theories that we considered important for the study. From these, we generated an analytical model that formed the basis for the continued work in this study. The analytical model provided a structured approach for collecting empirical data from the company, which we then used to make an analytical comparison with our theoretical base. The first step in the process was to conduct a process mapping at the company where we documented all of the data associated with the process. The mapping was then visualized with respect to the flowpaths that the material travels on each machine that were included in our study. The survey also includes the inventory handling and an inspection of the current factory layout.With the process mapping as a basis, we performed an analysis of the current situation in which we analyzed the material and inventory handling, as well as the production layout. With the analysis, we could then identify the different types of waste that belong to the handling of materials that Växjöfabriken currently undertake. The wastes that were found was, in large part, related to a lack of strategy for how the layout is planned. It was also related to a system that places new equipment where there is free space instead of basing its position on a long-term plan for further expansion. With these findings as a starting point, we began to develop new layout options with the aim of reducing the wastes that we found have impact on the process. The first layout is generated without regard to the restrictions that exist at the factory in the form of robotic workstations that are difficult to move. This layout is designed to demonstrate how an optimal material flow with wastes, reduced to a maximum, would look like if there had been a long-term strategy from the start. The development of the next layout, where we had taken the restrictions into account, we sought a design that would get us as close to the previously mentioned one as possible. In the last chapters we discuss the results of newly developed layouts in order to reach conclusions and recommendations for improvements that we believe is feasible and beneficial for Växjöfabriken Produktions AB.

  • 5.
    Bergstrand, Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Sjöström, Johanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Light or Voice – make your choice!: Plocktekniker för tillverkningsföretag2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Companies constantly strive for the perfect order which enables them to satisfy and retain their customers. This is a difficult process that can be facilitated by using different picking technologies. In this study, a research of the picking technologies Pick-to-Light and Pick-to-Voice have been made to investigate when each technology is suited.In order to collect relevant information and data to be able to answer the question formulation, a qualitative study with interviews have been made. The purpose of this essay was to investigate Pick-to-Light and Pick-to-Voice to see when each technology is best suited and to see what the differences between the technologies are. With our essay we wanted to help manufacturing companies to make the right decisions when implementing a picking technology.The results showed that those picking technologies give companies a higher picking quality and an increased work efficiency since the order picking is faster to perform, and that picking errors are reduced. Through the interviews conducted, the result showed that Pick-to-Light and Pick-to-Voice are best suited at different types of areas. Pick-to-Light is optimal in small areas with high picking frequency while Pick-to-Voice is optimal in large areas with low picking frequency. Companies that are thinking of expanding in the future and use a picking technology on a much larger area, was recommended to implement Pick-to-Voice since this technology is more cost effective. Both of these technologies have multiple positive effects that are similar. Examples on these positive effects are that the operator has an overview of the items to be picked, the technologies are easy to learn and ergonomics are enhanced significantly when all paper handling is eliminated.Obviously, there are also differences between the techniques and also some disadvantages of each technique. The main differences are that the operator with Pick-to-Light can see which articles to be picked with the help of the luminous lights while the operator with Pick-to-Voice is voice guided to the items to be picked. Another major difference is that Pick-to-Voice is a wireless technology unlike Pick-to-Light and the ability to pick multiple orders at the same time is only possible with Pick-to-Voice. When it comes to maintenance costs, Pick-to-Light is more costly, both in time and money, since lights and cable must be replaced periodically. Likewise, an expanding with Pick-to-Light is more comprehensive since more cables and lamps must be purchased and installed. With Pick-to-Voice the only needed adjustment to make is in the system.Depending on the available conditions on the companies, the technologies are best suitable in different ways. Companies can use the technologies to secure the quality of the picking, reducing picking errors, and streamline the picking process. These technologies create the opportunity for companies to achieve the perfect order.

  • 6.
    Bergström, Patrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Bryggtjänst under fartygsförlagd utbildning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Berling, Peter
    Lund University.
    Holding cost determination: An activity-based cost approach2008In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 112, no 2, p. 829-840Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider the problem of choosing the holding cost in inventory models. Traditionally, the cost of holding inventory is assumed to increase linearly with a rate that is equal to a percentage of the product value. This since the capital cost is believed to make up the main part of the cost. However, recent research indicates that this is not necessarily the case.

    In the present work, we present a more general model of the cost of holding inventory based on a microeconomic framework. A method for determining a suitable holding cost per unit and time unit, h, which can be used in existing heuristics/formulas is derived. The method is based on the ideas behind activity-based costing (ABC).

    The suggested method works well in the considered numerical examples (maximum and average cost increase is 1.78% resp. 0.08%). There exist situations where the traditional approach, i.e., setting h as a percentage of the product value, gives rise to a significant cost increase (>15%).

  • 8.
    Berling, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Farvid, Mojtaba
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Lead-time investigation and estimation in divergent supply chains2014In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 157, no SI, p. 177-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the delay experienced by retailers in a distribution system due to shortages at the central warehouse. Simple formulae are developed to estimate the mean and variance of this delay. The formulae are based on replacing the stochastic lead-time demand with a stochastic demand rate, and they differ in how this demand rate is estimated. An extensive numerical study shows improved accuracy compared to existing methods with similar computational complexity. The numerical study also shows that the batch quantities and the service level have a large influence on the delay. Both the mean and variance of a retailer’s delay decrease with the service level and increase with the batch quantities used at the warehouse and at the retailer. No other variables seem to have a significant impact on the delay.

  • 9.
    Berling, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Farvid, Mojtaba
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Ledtidsbestämning i distributionssystem: [ Lead-time determination in distribution systems ]2011In: Plans forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens 2011: logistik i praktisk tillämpning, Stockholm: Logistikföreningen , 2011, p. 205-216Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här artikeln presenterar vi en lösning på problemet att skatta ledtiden förväntade värde och variation i ett distributionssystem. Det är ett väsentligt problem att lösa då en snabb och korrekt skattning av ledtiden är ett måste för att kunna dimensionera säkerhetslager rätt. Nyare forskning indikerar dessutom att man skall ha en förhållandevis låg servicenivå uppe på en centrallagernivå vilket accentuerar problemet då ledtiden då blir längre och mer osäker på lägre nivåer i försörjningskedjan. Detta då centrallagret oftare får brist vilket leder till mer frekventa och långvariga förseningar av utleveranserna.

    Vi angriper problemet med hjälp av matematiskt modellering varvid vi tar fram slutna uttryck för att beräkna väntevärdet så väl som variansen av förseningen ut från centrallagret. Denna metod utvärderas med hjälp av simuleringsstudier vilka indikerar på en god överenstämmelse med verkligheten.

  • 10.
    Berling, Peter
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Kaj, Rosling
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    The Effects of Financial Risks on Inventory Policy2005In: Management science, ISSN 0025-1909, E-ISSN 1526-5501, Vol. 51, no 12, p. 1804-1816Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of financial risks on (R, Q) inventory policies is analyzed in a real options framework. Simple adjustments of the usual formulas for R and Q are suggested and tested. Stochastic demand and purchase costs are considered, both with known systematic (business-cycle-related) risk.

    The systematic risk of stochastic demand has typically a negligible effect on the optimal values of R and Q, although an improvement may be achieved by a simple adjustment of R.

    The systematic risk of the purchase price, c, has a significant effect on R and Q. The capital holding cost should be estimated as r · c, where r is the sum of the risk-free interest rate, the expected price decrease, and the risk premium associated with the systematic risk of c.

    For goods quoted on commodity exchanges, r may be estimated directly from the prices on forward contracts. Its size (and sign) varies considerably for different commodities.

  • 11.
    Berling, Peter
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Marklund, Johan
    Lund University.
    Multi-echelon inventory control: an adjusted normal demand model for implementation in practice2014In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 52, no 11, p. 3331-3347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an approximation model for coordinated control of one-warehouse multiple-retailer inventory systems, where all locations use continuous review (RnQ) policies. The motivation stems from close collaboration with a supply chain management software company, Syncron International, and one of their customers. A core objective has been to develop an accurate method for determining near-optimal reorder points that can be directly applied to real-life systems. The approach is based on decomposing the complex multi-echelon problem into N + 1 single-echelon problems, using a near-optimal-induced backorder cost at the central warehouse. Important extensions made compared to earlier work include the addition of procedures to adjust for lead-time variability, and for undershooting the reorder point when customers’ order sizes vary. The result is a flexible model that is computationally and conceptually simple enough to be implemented in practice. A numerical study, including real data from the case company, illustrates that the new model outperforms existing methods in the literature. Compared to the current methods used by the case company, it offers significant improvements in both service-level fulfilment and system-wide inventory holding costs. Implementations of the model into the Syncron software are in progress.

  • 12.
    Berling, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics. Lund University.
    Martinez-de-Albeniz, Victor
    University of Navarra, Spain.
    A characterization of optimal base-stock levels for a multistage serial supply chain2016In: Naval Research Logistics, ISSN 0894-069X, E-ISSN 1520-6750, Vol. 63, no 1, p. 32-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we present a multistage model to optimize inventory control decisions under stochastic demand and continuous review. We first formulate the general problem for continuous stages and use a decomposition solution approach: since it is never optimal to let orders cross, the general problem can be broken into a set of single-unit subproblems that can be solved in a sequential fashion. These subproblems are optimal control problems for which a differential equation must be solved. This can be done easily by recursively identifying coefficients and performing a line search. The methodology is then extended to a discrete number of stages and allows us to compute the optimal solution in an efficient manner, with a competitive complexity. (c) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Naval Research Logistics 63: 32-46, 2016

  • 13.
    Bomgren, Niclas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Palm, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Ledanuten lotsdispens i Sverige och i Finland2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Boström, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Breaking the ice: a work domain analysis of icebreaker operations2018In: Cognition, Technology & Work, ISSN 1435-5558, E-ISSN 1435-5566, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 443-456Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Icebreakers are special-purpose ships designed to operate in different ice-covered waters, either independently or duringassistance of weaker ships. In the Baltic Sea, as well as elsewhere, they are essential for maintaining continuous sea transportservices during wintertime. Icebreaker operations are complex, and every situation in which a vessel requires assistanceis unique, due to, e.g. changing ice and weather conditions, geographical location or language proficiency of the crew onboard the icebreaker or assisted vessel. The icebreaker crew has considerable freedom to adapt to each situation, yet, forsafe operations, there are constraints to which the crew has to conform. The study presented in this paper aims at identifyingthe constraints on nautical officers on board icebreakers during operations, as well as special situations that increasecognitive load. A work domain analysis based on a group interview with nautical icebreaker officers shows the multitudeof tasks performed on board icebreakers. Furthermore, it identifies constraints specific to icebreaker operations such as iceassessment and direct icebreaking, but also generic constraints such as language and communication skills. At times, safetyand efficiency come into conflict, resulting in a trade-off between the two. When that happens, safety gets priority, and theoperation stops until the situation has been evaluated. In addition, several situations that increase cognitive load are identified,with the common denominator that they add elements of uncertainty, e.g. severe weather and technical malfunctions.Finally, further research within the area of icebreaker operations is recommended, with a continued focus on the systemconstraints, and their potential for system improvement.

  • 15.
    Boström, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Effective simulator training in preparation for icebreaking operations and ice management assessment2010In: 16th International Navigation Simulator Lecturers' Conference Proceedings, Dalian, China: Dalian Maritime University , 2010, p. 40-47Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is estimated that as much as 13 per cent of the world's undiscovered conventional oil resources are located in The Arctic (the region located north of the Arctic Circle) [1]. As a result, future prospecting and drilling operations in this area will be of uttermost importance for guaranteeing a continuous supply of crude oil. To meet the demand of nautical officers with icebreaking competence, the Transatlantic Ice Academy (TIA) was established in 2008. The Ice Academy is a co-operation between Kalmar Maritime Academy, AB Transatlantic, the simulator manufacturer Kongsberg A/S and the Swedish Maritime Administration, and aims to educate and prepare nautical officers for the extreme conditions ice exerts on a crew. This paper describes two of the courses that TIA offers, the way that TIA has set up effective simulator exercises and how they will prepare the officer for upcoming challenges.

  • 16.
    Bozkaya, Burcin
    et al.
    Sabancı University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    de Kervenoael, Ronan
    Sabancı University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Öztürkcan, Selcen
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Premium E-Grocery: Exploring Value in Logistics Integrated Service Solutions2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    E-grocery is gradually becoming viable or a necessity for many families. Yet, most e-supermarkets are seen as providers of low value “staple” and bulky goods mainly. While each store has a large number of SKU available, these products are mainly necessity goods with low marginal value for hedonistic consumption. A need to acquire diverse products (e.g., organic), premium priced products (e.g., wine) for special occasions (e.g., anniversary, birthday), or products just for health related reasons (e.g., allergies, diabetes) are yet to be served via one-stop e-tailers. In this paper, we design a mathematical model that takes into account consumers’ geo-demographics and multi-product sourcing capacity for creating critical mass and profit. Our mathematical model is a variant of Capacitated Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows (CVRPTW), which we extend by adding intermediate locations for trucks to meet and exchange goods. We illustrate our model for the city of Istanbul using GIS maps, and discuss its various extensions as well as managerial implications.

  • 17.
    Carlsson Einhaus, Philip
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Fuchs, Benedikt
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Barriers to Sustainable UCC-Cooperation and Coopetition in Municipality Goods Distribution in Swedish Mid-Sized Cities: A Cross-Case Analysis2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the barriers for and their impact cooperation and coopetition for sustainable distribution of Municipality goods in three selected cities.

    Design/Methodology/Approach: This thesis is based on a qualitative approach using a multiple case study as data collection strategy. The population building up three cases consists of ten Swedish mid-sized cities with an urban consolidation center. Of these are the three cities Växjö, Kalmar and Borlänge sampled and both the municipality and two locally active freight forwarders (one RFP-winner and one non-RFP-winner) per city are interviewed. These interviews aimed at identifying barriers to cooperation between municipalities and freight forwarders and barriers to coopetition between private freight forwarders for a sustainable distribution of municipality goods. The secondary data is based upon three literature streams: Sustainability, Distribution in Urban Environments and, Cooperation and Coopetition.

    Findings: The results indicate that the main barriers to cooperation from a freight forwarder perspective are incorrect or missing data in the RFP, price for municipality goods distribution and prohibition of goods consolidation. The main barrier to cooperation, fossil fuel free trucks, is a potential future barrier. The main barriers to coopetition are higher costs, lack of trust and price. These barriers have mainly an impact on the economical sustainability but can, and in some cases, will have effects on the other TBL-aspects.

    Research Limitations/Implications: The findings of this thesis provide the municipality with knowledge about barriers from the perspective of the freight forwarders which can aid construction of future RFPs. It also provides both municipality and freight forwarders with knowledge of the potential future barriers which could affect ongoing cooperation. Lastly it provides involved actors with knowledge of barriers hindering a coopetition approach in distribution, enabling the next step of solving the barriers. The value of this thesis is the knowledge of the implications as well as the combination of the three chosen literature streams which have not been researched in this context previously

  • 18.
    Elofsson, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Företagsklimat: En intervjustudie av transportföretag i Växjö kommun2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Svenskt Näringsliv conducts an annual survey called "Lokalt näringsliv", where business owners evaluate their own Municipalities regarding the local business environment. In the latest survey, it appears that transport companies are generally the least satisfied sector in the Municipality of Växjö.

    A good business environment is the key to creating a successful business. A good business environment is a mutual goal that both entrepreneurs and Municipalities endeavor. Business owners will get a higher employment which will lead to higher tax revenues for the Municipality. Transport companies role in the value chain have recently become increasingly important as it has proved to be able to create competitive advantages. Transport companies are expected to have an even greater role in the future given the ongoing development of e-commerce. To find the reasons behind the transport company’s dissatisfaction regarding the business environment is therefore essential in order to remain an interesting logistics location.

    Purpose: The purpose is to describe and explain the perceived current situation regarding the business environment in the Municipality of Växjö and the gap between the transport companies expectations and experience that causes the potential dissatisfaction. The purpose is also to make suggestions on actions to improve the transport company’s business environment.

    Method: This paper consists of an interview study on transport companies in the Municipality of Växjö. Empirical data were collected through semi-structed interviews with both transport companies in the Municipality of Växjö but also with an employee from Växjö Municipality traffic department. Theoretical data were collected through literature review and official publications.

    Conclusion: In the current situation, none of the respondents are totally satisfied with the variables that affects business environment according to Svenskt Näringsliv, however no one is satisfied with any variable either. Based on the four variables, entrepreneur’s scope in the public sector as well as politicians attitudes towards entrepreneurship is seen as the most problematic. The causes of the dissatisfaction were found partly by the variables from Svenskt Näringsliv and partly by five variables from SERVQUAL. The six variables that respondents were least satisfied with resulted in the reasons behind the dissatisfaction. The six variables were politicians and official’s attitudes towards entrepreneurship, understanding of the customer, availability, competence, efficiency, and urban logistics.

    Urban logistics as well as network building were chosen as areas for improvement. Urban logistics as this was mentioned by all respondents who deliver goods to the urban city. Network building as this is seen as the key to a goods business environment. Closer cooperation between companies and between the Municipality of Växjö and companies will create a better understanding of each other and how the partners various businesses operate.

  • 19.
    Erblad, Johan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Carlsson, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Vem får jobbet först?: Arbetsgivarnas syn på kompetens hos de nyexaminerade styrmännen2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if employers see any difference in competence between a recently graduated deck-officer who has passed the three-year program which requires earlier able bodied seaman certificate or the four-year program where no previous experience is required. The difference between this programs is that the deck-officers from the three-year program has worked at sea before they began their studies, while most of the deck-officers from the four-year program is going to sea for the first time on their onboard training. To find out this, a qualitative interview study was conducted by using five Swedish and two Norwegian shipping companies. The Norwegian shipping companies were included in the study because many Swedish officers are employed within the Norwegian offshore industry. It was shown by the employers there were no differences in competencies between the deck-officers. The employers look more at social competence.

  • 20.
    Fagerberg, Klas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Issa, Aroa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Miljövänligare frakt - Till vilket pris?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world trade is increasing rapidly and so is the amount of transportation. With help of the internet it is now easier than ever to order a product which will be sent from the other side of the world. This study aims to investigate to which extent consumers consider what effects their behaviour will have on the environment and how interested they are in protecting the environment when ordering products by paying a higher price for a more environmentally friendly transport. This is done by conducting four interviews with customers of different age and asking questions about their attitudes towards a more expensive and environment friendly transport. More specifically, questions were asked about how much more they would be willing to pay for that kind of transport. Furthermore, questions were asked about what they know about the work that is being done and has been done to reduce the effects on the environment caused by shipping. The result shows that they are willing to pay a higher price for a more environmentally friendly transport. For this to be possible the price needs to be affordable and they need to have a trust in the company offering this kind of transport. There are differences among the interviewed persons in how much they are willing to pay depending on what product they are buying and what the cost is for the original transport cost. This study also shows that the respondents have a very limited knowledge about the work that is being done and has been done to benefit the environment within the shipping business.

  • 21.
    Flammini, Francesco
    et al.
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Gaglione, Andrea
    Università di Napoli Federico II, Italy.
    Ottello, Francesco
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Pappalardo, Alfio
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Pragliola, Concerta
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Tedesco, Annarita
    Ansaldo STS, Italy.
    Towards wireless sensor networks for railway infrastructure monitoring2010In: Electrical Systems for Aircraft, Railway and Ship Propulsion (ESARS), 2010, IEEE, 2010, p. 1-6Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the adoption of emerging sensing technologies for instrumentation within a variety of structural systems. Structural health monitoring systems are widely adopted to monitor the behavior of structures during forced vibration testing or natural excitation (e.g. earthquakes, winds, live loading). They can be found in a number of civil structures, including bridges and viaducts, and also in applications of vehicle health monitoring. Moreover, since infrastructures can be damaged by human originated threats, the adoption of security measures is also essential. This paper presents a proposal of an early warning system based on Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) for railway infrastructure monitoring. It exploits already available research results and tools for WSN management, integration and data fusion. The aim is to hedge detection capabilities in a complete framework for structural failures as well as security threats, including both natural hazards and intentional attacks.

  • 22.
    Forslund, Helena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Deciding the size of a logistics performance measurement system2007In: Proceedings from the 19th International NOFOMA conference, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Logistikutveckling genom mätsamverkan i handelns försörjningskedjor2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Logistik är allt viktigare för handelsföretags konkurrenskraft. Ett sätt att säkerställa logistikutveckling i handelns försörjningskedjor är att fokusera på hur man mäter och förbättrar sina gemensamma logistikprestationer, såsom ledtid och servicegrad. Metoden har varit fallstudier av fem fall i olika branscher. Studien har haft tre frågeställningar.

    Hur arbetar man med logistikmätningar i handelns försörjningskedjor i Sverige? Detaljerade beskrivningar av detta ges från t ex dagligvaru-, hemtextil- och sportbranscherna. Stora skillnader mellan de undersökta företagen har konstaterats i studien. Det finns också stora skillnader i vilken grad företagen samverkar med varandra. Förslag till utveckling av varje studerat fall ges.

    Vilka goda lösningar för samverkan kring logistikmätningar har man hittat? Exempel är härledd mätlogik i hela försörjningskedjan, branschstandard för mätning, gemensamma mål och gemensamt arbetssätt. Detta kan andra handelsföretag inspireras av.

    Vilka hinder och utmaningar har man stött på? Ett stort antal hinder har påträffats, exempelvis brist på tillit, brist på kunskap, svårigheter att samverka med category-management-funktionen samt bristande IT-stöd för datafångst och rapportering. Kunskap om och förståelse för hinder bör vara en viktig del av att arbeta med prestationsmätningar som ska leda till logistikutveckling.

    Det är angeläget att dessa resultat sprids till branschen för att bidra till kunskapsutvecklingen i handelsnäringen. Åtta olika förslag till fortsatta studier presenteras avslutningsvis.

  • 24.
    Forslund, Helena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Measuring information quality in the dyadic order fulfillment process2007In: International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, ISSN 0265-671X, E-ISSN 1758-6682, Vol. 24, no 5, p. 515-524Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to develop a scale for measuring information quality in the order fulfilment process.

    Design/methodology/approach – Measurement scales are developed out of the practical information needs and a theory review. A state‐of‐the‐art description and further scale development are based on a survey of the most important suppliers of 136 Swedish companies.

    Findings – The paper finds that information quality can be measured with variables as in time, accurate, convenient to access and reliable. The scales were found to possess unidimensionality, validity and reliability.

    Research limitations/implications – The implications of this paper are mainly theoretical, providing a foundation for further empirical research.

    Practical implications – Even though established customer‐supplier relations were studied, information quality deficiencies were found on all variables. This is an indication of improvement possibilities.

    Originality/value – There is a lack of research on measuring the information quality construct, which might be the reason for little empirical research on the impact of information quality on logistics performance.

  • 25.
    Forslund, Helena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Performance gaps in the dyadic order fulfillment process2006In: International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, ISSN 0960-0035, E-ISSN 1758-664X, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 580-595Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this article is to assess the existence of logistics performance gaps in the dyadic order fulfillment process.

    Methodology/approach: A literature review on service quality, logistics quality and logistics performance generated a conceptual model, four hypotheses and a scale for measuring logistics performance. Dyads of customers (large manufacturing companies) and their most important suppliers were addressed in two similar surveys. 136 such dyads were acquired.

    Findings: The dyadic order fulfillment process contains four significant logistics performance gaps, even though important business dyads are addressed. Customers’ expectations are not perceived by customers as being fulfilled, customers’ expectations are over-targeted by suppliers, but suppliers’ internal performance decreases performance. Finally, suppliers overestimate their performance as compared to the ratings of customers.

    Research limitations/implications: By applying a service quality model to a logistics process, new knowledge about logistics performance was obtained. A tested conceptual model and a tested scale for measuring logistics performance are theoretical contributions.

    Practical implications: The model can be used as a basis for deeper communication between customer and supplier in order to improve logistics performance in the dyadic order fulfillment process.

    Originality/value of paper: A true dyadic approach is rare in logistics research. As no comprehensive studies of the “mechanisms” of the dyadic order fulfillment process were found, the results can be valuable to both customers and suppliers.

  • 26.
    Forslund, Helena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    The impact of performance management on customers' expected logistics performance2007In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 27, no 8, p. 901-918Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The main objective of this paper is to describe state‐of‐the‐art practices for handling logistics performance management in dyadic relationships. Another objective is to explain the relationship between logistics performance management practices and customers' expected logistics performance.

    Design/methodology/approach – A logistics performance management model was developed and applied to 136 dyads of Swedish manufacturing companies and their most important suppliers. Two linked survey studies were conducted.

    Findings – A state‐of‐the‐art description of the activities in logistics performance management is provided, addressing the following questions in dyadic relationships: how often are expectations updated? Who is the customer's contact person? What is the contract situation? Which actor (customer or supplier) formulates performance targets, and who measures logistics performance? Some of these issues' relationships to customers' expected logistics performance were verified.

    Research limitations/implications – The contribution of the paper is mainly descriptive. A logistics performance management model together with descriptions of how the various activities are executed in dyadic relationships is presented. It is also explanatory, showing that some of these practices influence customers' expected logistics performance.

    Practical implications – This study provides knowledge of the impact of contact persons and contracts on customers' expected logistics performance, which could increase the possibilities for the supplier to meet customers' expectations. The importance of a collaborative discussion on performance management is emphasized.

    Originality/value – Dyadic research approaches are rarely performed in logistics research. Studies highlighting the link between logistics performance measurement and logistics performance are also few. This paper will hopefully remedy this neglected area.

  • 27.
    Forslund, Helena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Towards a holistic approach to logistics quality deficiencies2007In: International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, ISSN 0265-671X, E-ISSN 1758-6682, Vol. 24, no 9, p. 944-957Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The first purpose of this paper is to define the relevant types of logistics quality deficiencies (LQDs) in the dyadic order fulfillment process. The second purpose is to find the variables for measuring the different types of LQDs.

    Design/methodology/approach – This conceptual paper is based on a literature review.

    Findings – Approaching LQDs means an expanded application for quality deficiencies in two ways. First, processes are addressed instead of products. Second, the narrow internal scope is widened to encompass also the customer. This implies an expansion of quality deficiency approaches. The established typology of external and internal quality deficiencies was found to be insufficient when an inter‐organizational process in a dyad was addressed. New inter‐organizational logistics quality deficiencies were found.

    Research limitations/implications – The implications of this paper are mainly theoretical, conceptualizing a phenomenon and providing a foundation for further theoretical and empirical research.

    Practical implications – This article has shown the complex interplay of a number of performance and accomplishment LQDs. The first foundation for empirical measurement of LQDs in the dyadic order fulfillment process is laid.

    Originality/value – Conceptual frameworks for logistics quality deficiencies are seldom found.

  • 28.
    Forslund, Helena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Hofmann, Susanne
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Logistics Performance Management Challenges in Dyadic Relationships2006In: Conference proceedings from the 18th International NOFOMA conference, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Supply chain management is about having an end-customer perspective and creating value through integration of business processes and optimization of the entire supply chain. The performance management (defining metrics, target setting, measurement and analysis) should be important for succeeding in the supply chain management ambitions. This paper focuses on logistics performance management in inter-organizational business processes, i.e. in the inter-linked purchasing, order to delivery and distribution processes, of manufacturing companies. The objective of this paper is to describe the logistics performance management process in dyads of supplying and buying companies and to identify research needs related to supply chain integration of the performance management process. The analysis is mainly empirical and is based on case studies of four dyads of supplying and buying manufacturing companies. The analysis focuses on describing and comparing the four phases of the performance management process in the four studied dyads. The defining metrics activity was based on few metrics but found to be problematic as no dyads operate with joint metric definitions. The target setting activity was executed in all dyads but joint targets were only found in some dyads. Not all companies measured performance, due to priorities and technical problems. The analysis activity was often conducted together in the dyads in the shape of meetings. The analysis also studies the levels of supply chain integration of the performance management process. The studied dyads have very low level of supply chain integration of the activities. The section is ended with some performance management integration challenges in supply chains.

  • 29.
    Forslund, Helena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Hofmann, Susanne
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Mätsystemsamverkan i försörjningskedjor2006In: Konferensproceedings från PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mätning och styrning av logistikprestationer kan beskrivas som en process med fem aktiviteter – välja prestationsvariabler, definiera mått, sätta mål, mäta och analysera/agera. Detta paper fokuserar på logistikprestationer i inter-organisatoriska affärsprocesser, de länkade inköps-, order-till-leverans- och distributionsprocesserna mellan tillverkande företag. Syftet med papret är att beskriva samverkan kring mätsystemen i par av levererande och köpande företag, s k dyader samt att identifiera framtida forskningsbehov i anslutning till detta. Analysen är huvudsakligen empirisk och fallstudiebaserad, och jämför aktiviteterna i mätsystemprocessen i sju dyader. Aktiviteten välja prestationsvariabler visade sig resultera i krav på leveransprecision i samtliga dyader. Definiera mått utgick från samma mått men var problematisk eftersom inga dyader arbetade med gemensamma definitioner. Samtliga företag satte mål för logistikmått men gemensamma mål fanns bara i några dyader. Alla företag mätte inte logistikmått, p g a bristande prioriteter och tekniska svårigheter. Aktiviteten analysera/agera visade svagheter men genomfördes ofta i form av gemensamma möten i dyaderna. Flera förslag till fortsatt forskning föreslås.

  • 30.
    Forslund, Helena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Dyadic integration of the performance management process: a delivery service case study2007In: International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management, ISSN 0960-0035, E-ISSN 1758-664X, Vol. 37, no 7, p. 546-567Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to explore how to integrate the performance management (PM) process of delivery service in customer/supplier dyads.

    Design/methodology/approach– The paper is based on a multiple case study of six customer/supplier dyads of manufacturing companies.

    Findings– The analysis focuses on describing and comparing the activities of the PM process. Most activities show low levels of integration in the dyads studied. Defining metrics and target setting are considered most important to integrate. Lack of common metrics definitions and ERP deficiencies were important obstacles for integration. Research issues related to four areas of supply chain PM are discussed.

    Research limitations/implications– The study ends with a number of suggestions for further research on the PM process in supply chains. Proceeding into these studies is necessary for increasing knowledge about PM.

    Practical implications– The paper reveals practical problems and outlines practical issues in integrating and handling the PM process in dyads, especially when measuring delivery service using the on‐time delivery metric. It also presents a model for describing and integrating the PM process and its activities.

    Originality/value– Practical implications and generation of multiple issues for further research applying a dyadic approach in supply chain PM, a research approach that is quite uncommon.

  • 31.
    Forslund, Helena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Explaining the perceived importance of integrating the performance management process: the view of the purchasing manager2008In: Proceedings from the 2008 Logistics Network Conference i Liverpool, UK, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Forslund, Helena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Hur arbetar svensk industri med mätning av leveransprecision?2007In: Konferenspublikation från PLANs forsknings- och tillämpningskonferens, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Forslund, Helena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    The impact of forecast information quality on supply chain performance2007In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 90-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to describe the extent of supplier access to customer forecast information and the perceived quality of such information and also to explain the impact of forecast information access and forecast information quality (FIQ) on supply chain performance.

    Design/methodology/approach – FIQ is defined, and a measurement instrument is developed from theory. The analysis is based on a survey of the most important suppliers of 136 Swedish companies.

    Findings – Findings show that a large proportion of the suppliers receive customer forecasts, but that the FIQ is lower further upstream in the supply chain and, in some variables, lower for make‐to‐order suppliers. The greatest information quality deficiency of the forecast was that it was considered unreliable. The only significant difference in supply chain performance found between make‐to‐stock suppliers with and without access to forecast was related to the use of safety stock in finished goods inventory.

    Research limitations/implications – The study contains two types of conclusions: those developed from the conceptual discussion in the theoretical framework and those of the empirical study. In the theoretical framework, measurement instruments for FIQ and supply chain performance (corrective actions, preventive actions and customer service performance) were developed. The study identified several empirical relationships, but it was conducted on a sample with a lot of variation.

    Practical implications – The understanding of the performance impact of FIQ. FIQ shows quality deficiencies on all variables, which indicates room for improvement.

    Originality/value – Research on supply chain information quality as well as dyadic research approaches are rare.

  • 34.
    Forslund, Helena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Jonsson, Patrik
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Mattsson, Stig-Arne
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    An order-to-delivery performance model for delivery scheduling environments2008In: Publicerad i konferensproceedings från the 20th International NOFOMA conference, Helsingfors, Finland., 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Forslund, Jessica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Nilsson, Evelina
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Svensson, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Hållbar utveckling: En studie om svenskägda detaljhandelsföretags hållbarhetsarbete, intressenttryck och barriärer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel: Hållbar utveckling - En studie om svenskägda detaljhandelsföretags hållbarhetsarbete, intressenttryck och barriärer.

    Kurs: Ämnesfördjupande arbete i logistik, 2FE02E, VT 2015

    Författare: Jessica Forslund, Evelina Nilsson, Sanna Svensson

    Handledare: Veronica Svensson Ülgen

    Bakgrund: På senare år har hållbarhetsarbetet blivit allt mer värdefullt för företag där begreppet hållbarhet och intresset för miljörelaterade- och sociala frågor är stort. Intresset och förväntningarna bidrar till ett ökat konsumenttryck som innebär att slutkonsumenter och företagskunder driver företag att arbeta med hållbarhet. För företag innebär detta en tillämpning av affärsstrategier och aktiviteter som tillgodoser behoven hos företaget själva och dess intressenter. Hållbarhetsarbete är således ett frivilligt initiativ där företagen själva bestämmer vilka resurser de vill utnyttja och hur stor ansvarsroll de är villiga att ta inom den miljömässiga-, ekonomiska- och sociala dimensionen. Ett tillvägagångssätt för att arbeta med hållbarhet inom en verksamhet är att hållbar hänsyn införlivas i de logistiska aktiviteterna, vilket bland annat inkluderar områden så som transport, packning och inköp.

    Syfte: Studien syftar till att förstå hur utvalda detaljhandelsföretag arbetar med hållbarhet samt vilka intressenter och barriärer som påverkar utvecklingen av hållbarhetsarbetet. Vidare avser studien att ta reda på om det finns ett samband mellan antalet intressenter och barriärer och omfattningen av företagens hållbarhetsarbete.

    Metod: Studien tillämpar en kvalitativ forskningsmetodik med en deduktiv forskningsansats för att besvara problemformuleringarna och syftet. Den teoretiska referensramen som utgör grunden för studien består av tidigare studier och litteratur, vilket har resulterat i en ökad förståelse av ämnesområdet. Insamling av data har skett genom kvalitativa intervjuer med åtta företag inom detaljhandeln samt sekundärdata i form av hemsidor, hållbarhetsrapporter och årsredovisningar, vilket utgör basen för det empiriska materialet.     

    Slutsats: Det förekommer ett samband mellan företagens hållbarhetsarbete och antalet intressenter och barriärer. Företagen vinner legitimitet och säkrar därmed sin marknadsposition och framtida överlevnad genom att möta intressenternas krav. Detta påverkar omfattningen av företagens hållbarhetsarbete, där barriärer kan uppenbaras vid utveckling av hållbarhetsarbetet.

  • 36.
    Fransson, Mattias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Jamtlien, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Building Technology.
    Slöseri i produktionsflödet: Analys av en platsgjuten betongvägg2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    High construction costs and considerable housing shortages in Sweden show that a more efficient housing construction is required. A reduction of waste in the construction process contributes to the efficiency of both time and cost. In order to increase the understanding of the importance of efficiency, this study reveals waste in the production flow of a cast in-situ concrete wall in a housing project. The study also shows where in the production flow there are improvement opportunities.

    The waste was made visible through a time study which showed great potential for improvement in the housing project resource flow, material flow and information flow. There are many indications that these shortcomings in the production flow are due to a too short construction time, which means that a good planning is not always carried out.

  • 37.
    Granlund, Peter
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Stenström, Anton
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Landström: Undersökning av svenska hamnars ekonomiska möjligheter att investera i landströmsteknik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate Swedish ports possibility to invest in onshore power supply equipment and pay back the initial investment with income from selling electricity to arriving ships. The study is a systematic review based on a sys­tematic search and presented as a theoretical case study. The review was based on five studies that describe costs of providing a port with onshore power supply.

     

    The first part of the findings is calculations of the investment cost for onshore power supply for one single berth. Next the calculations of the costs to generate a certain amount of electricity on board was compared with the costs of buying said amount of electricity from shore providers. Then a profit margin if the electricity was sold for the same price as it would have cost to generate onboard in diesel generators was calculated. Finally the in­crease to the electricity sale price a port could add and still repay the initial investment over five years was calculated. This electricity sale price was then compared to what it would have cost to generate onboard.

     

    The findings shows that there is a good possibility for the theoretical standard quay to refund their investment in onshore power supply over five years, under circumstances where ships visiting the port are equipped to receive the electricity. 

  • 38.
    Graziano, Armando
    et al.
    World Maritime University.
    Praetorius, Gesa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Schröder-Hinrichs, Jens-Uwe
    World Maritime University.
    Mejia Jr., Maximo Q.
    World Maritime University.
    Kataria, Aditi
    World Maritime University.
    It Takes Two to Tango: EU Policy Makers’Bi-dimensional Approach to Flag State Performance2018In: Ocean Yearbook, ISSN 0191-8575, E-ISSN 2211-6001, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 477-496Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Gullvén, Kristian
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Davidsson, Patrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Framtida förtöjningsanordningar: Kan trossar i framtiden vara något i det förflutna2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years Swedish ports have had to consider a number of new products on the market that are claiming to make the mooring of vessels more efficient. This paper investigates the arguments that the representatives of Swedish ports have used when discussing the investment of these alternative mooring arrangements. To obtain these arguments interviews has been conducted with the representatives from a selection of Swedish ports. It is shown that the ports are generally in favor of increasing efficiency using the new equipment, but that the uncertainty involved in new, unproven technologies have so far prevented them from taking the full plunge into an investment. The most prominent arguments against investing is that the investment cost is too high in relation to the earnings and that the investment is made by the port while the shipowner reaps the benefit. 

  • 40.
    Gustafsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering. Industriell Ekonomi.
    Söderström, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering. Industriell Ekonomi.
    Industriellt synsätt på värdeflödet vid anläggningsarbeten genom visuell styrning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att studera vilka möjligheter arbetsledningen på svenska byggföretag har, att på ett effektivare sätt styra värdeflödet av resurser med visuell styrning. Målet med studien är att identifiera förbättringsförslag och fördelar som finns och som kan skapas med visuell styrning för arbetsledningen vid anläggningsarbeten.Studien bygger på mätningar som har genomförts på ett anläggningsarbete av en cirkulationsplats i Ullared under 7 dagar där Skanska AB var entreprenör.Under mätningarna har författarna tagit fram fördelar och förbättringsförslag som finns eller kan skapas med visuell styrning. Slutsats och diskussion ska ge en indikation till svenska byggföretag om vad de kan göra för att tillgodogöra sig framstegen från tillverkningsindustrin.

  • 41.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Rask, Lars-Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Distribution Channel Structure and Integration: Contingency variables in the sawmill industry2010In: / [ed] Arlbjörn, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose; The purpose of this paper is to identify and characterize structures and integration levels of distribution channels in the sawmill industry, as well as to discuss these characteristics and their association with different contingency variables.

    Design / methodology / approach; Multiple case study

    Findings: There is a variety of distribution channel structures and levels of integration in the sawmill industry: one extreme is small, one-unit firms delivering ex-works to export agents with unintegrated distribution channel processes and the other extreme is large, multi-unit firms with network flow structures delivering from their own stock on a market to clients with integrated distribution channel processes By studying these contingency variables, a pattern of sawmill categories emerges; the first category, in which production is focused, are the small single sawmills (with a cost leadership or focus strategy) which aim to deliver their products to independent actors ex-works; the sawmills which comply to this category do not consider logistics or IT as important, neither do they take integration into consideration. The second category consists of larger multi-unit sawmills with a downstream focus, which strive to integrate and control the distribution channel (in the most extreme cases acquire strategic actors) in order to achieve stable presence on strategic markets. Sawmills included in this category regard logistics and IT as important.

    Research limitations / implications;

    This research is an exploratory pre-study based on five case studies implicating a limited possibility to draw general conclusions.

    Practical implications:

    This paper illustrates situations in which the distribution channel requires to be focused to higher degree which is important for strategic decisions for the actors in the industry.

    What is original/value of paper:

    This paper illustrates the variety of channel structures and integration levels within a single industry, and connects the variation with a number of contingency variables.

  • 42.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Planning sustainable transport2014In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 22, no 8, p. 1268-1269Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University;Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.
    Police Perspectives on Road Safety and Transport Politics in Germany2017In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 10, article id 1771Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Road safety is a key concern of transport governance. In the European Union, a Road Safety Programme was adopted in 2011, with the objective to reduce road deaths in Europe by 50% in the period from 2011 to 2020. Evidence suggests, however, that this goal will not be met. Against this background, this paper investigates police perspectives on traffic laws, traffic behaviour, and transport policy. Police officers working with road safety are in a unique position to evaluate and judge the efficiency of road safety policies, as they record traffic offences, fine, investigate, and witness in court. Geographically, focus is on transport policy in Germany, a country with a dense road network, high levels of car ownership, and a large number of car manufacturers. A total of 14 semi-structured interviews were carried out with police officers in a wide variety of positions within the traffic police in Freiburg. Thematic analysis is used to analyse content and to identify aspects that represent major areas of concern. Officers affirm that traffic laws question traffic safety, for instance with regard to speed and speed limits, or elderly drivers. Specific recommendations for changes in transport policies are made, and results are discussed in the context of their implications for road safety and the European Union's Road Safety Programme.

  • 44.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University.
    Urban transport justice2016In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 54, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many cities in the world seek to establish more sustainable urban transport systems with a view to reduce accidents, congestion, air and noise pollution, and to improve social interactions, liveability and amenity values. Against this background, this paper frames urban transportation as an issue of justice: contemporary transport systems are characterized by injustice, as they tend to favour and prioritize motorized transport, accepting that considerable environmental and social burdens are put on more sustainable forms of transportation, other traffic participants and society as a whole. To conceptualize 'urban transport justice', the paper discusses three dimensions where injustices are apparent: Exposure to traffic risks and pollutants; distribution of space; and valuation of transport time. It is argued that public and political recognition of urban transport injustices provides significant argument for changes in urban planning, transport infrastructure development and traffic management. © 2016 Elsevier B.V..

  • 45.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Res Inst, Norway;Lund University.
    Humpe, Andreas
    Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Litman, Todd
    Victoria Transport Policy Inst, Canada.
    Metzler, Daniel
    Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Effects of Perceived Traffic Risks, Noise, and Exhaust Smells on Bicyclist Behaviour: An Economic Evaluation2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 1-15, article id 408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Active mode (walking, bicycling, and their variants) users are exposed to various negative externalities from motor vehicle traffic, including injury risks, noise, and air pollutants. This directly harms the users of these modes and discourages their use, creating a self-reinforcing cycle of less active travel, more motorized travel, and more harmful effects. These impacts are widely recognized but seldom quantified. This study evaluates these impacts and their consequences by measuring the additional distances that bicyclists travel in order to avoid roads with heavy motor vehicle traffic, based on a sample of German-Austrian bicycle organization members (n = 491), and monetizes the incremental costs. The results indicate that survey respondents cycle an average 6.4% longer distances to avoid traffic impacts, including injury risks, air, and noise pollution. Using standard monetization methods, these detours are estimated to impose private costs of at least Euro0.24/cycle-km, plus increased external costs when travellers shift from non-motorized to motorized modes. Conventional transport planning tends to overlook these impacts, resulting in overinvestment in roadway expansions and underinvestments in other types of transport improvements, including sidewalks, crosswalks, bikelanes, paths, traffic calming, and speed reductions. These insights should have importance for transport planning and economics.

  • 46.
    Habibi, Manizha
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Majed Hamed, Khalid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Kostnadseffektiv gjutning av grundfundament för kontaktledningsstolpar utmed järnvägen2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jämförelser av metoden prefabricerad och i fältfabrik platsgjutna grundfundament har analyserats utifrån ekonomi, tid och miljö. Det har även gjorts en förbättring av dagens arbetsmetod för att effektivisera montaget av grundfundamenten. 

  • 47.
    Hjorth, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Säkerhetskultur i Östersjöfart: En studie kring sjösäkerhet, säkerhetskultur och arbetsvillkor ombord på fartyg som trafikerar Östersjön2012Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this thesis is to explore the safety culture onboard vessels trading in the Baltic Sea. The common denominator for vessels trading in the Baltic Sea is frequent port visits, coastal voyages, voyages in dense trafficked areas and small crews. Earlier research shows that there may be a system fault in the shipping industry. Charles Perrow describes the maritime industry as an error inducing system. He means that the cause for that is the way shipping is carried out. In a safety culture values, attitudes, competence and behavioral patterns are four important factors that define the safety culture. The maritime safety management system, International Safety Management Code (ISM) aims towards a proactive and evolutionally safety culture in the shipping industry. The results show that shipping today lacks a foresight, “failure of foresight”, where the proactive way of work leads to incidents and accidents being anticipated.

    This study has an ethnographic perspective, which aims to create a thick and substantial description of the culture that is being studied. Totally a number of eleven vessels participated in the study. The visits onboard reach from a couple of hours up to a few days. Collected data has been analysed through a self-developed model in an ambition to try to explain the safety culture. The model focuses on how information, feedback, responsibility, co-operation, follow-up and development are being handled. The study reveals that there is a need to discuss and change the safety culture in the shipping industry, in large as on the single vessel. As well as a need for further studies of how the safety culture can be improved and a need for education aimed towards system thinking, organizational theory and safety culture.

  • 48.
    Hult, Carl
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Sjömän och sjömansyrke 2010: en studie i attityder till arbete och yrke under olika skeden i sjömanslivet2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Hult, Carl
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Snöberg, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Kalmar Maritime Academy.
    Wasted Time and Flag State Worries: Impediments for Recuitment and Retention of Swedish Seafarers2013In: Marine navigation and safety of sea transportation: STCW, Maritime Education and Training (MET), Human Resources and Crew Manning, Maritime Policy, Logistics and Economic Matters / [ed] Adam Weintrit & Tomasz Neumann, Leiden: CRC Press, 2013, p. 121-128Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on impediments for seafarers' motivaion at work for the specific shipping company (organizational commitment), and seafarers' motivation for working in their particular occupation (occupational commitment). The study takes its departure in the lingering difficulties to recruit and retain qualified senior seafarers in the Swedish shipping sector. Statistical analyses are empolyed, using a survey material of 1,309 Swedish seafarers collected in 2010. The results show that the main negative effects on seafarers' commitment at work primarily have to do with invested - or wasted - time, and flag state worries. Flagging-out imposes a significant decline in organizational commitment for all seafarers due to the perception of social composition onboard. The oldest seafarers demonstrate diminished occupational commitment under a foreign flag due to degree of satisfaction with the social security structure. The youngest seafarers display a decline in occupational commitment related to time served on the same ship, partly due to a decline in satisfaction with work content for each year on the same ship. In the concluding discussion, the findings are discussed in more details and recommendations are put forward.

  • 50.
    Hulthén, Hana
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Näslund, Dag
    Lund University.
    Supply Chain Integration: A Grounded Theory Based Model of Contextual Factors2014In: NOFOMA 2014 : Competitiveness through Supply Chain Management and Global Logistics: June 11, 2014 – June 13, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    ­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­Purpose - Despite of an extensive literature on external integration in supply chain, there are still issues both in theory and practice. The purpose of this research is thus to investigate contextual factors and their effect on external integration.

    Design/methodology/approach - The method used is Grounded Theory. Two supply chains were selected with different contexts.

    Findings – Eleven propositions were developed and visualized in two matrices. The first matric includes contextual factors that seem to promote establishment of an appropriate level of external integration such as high product quality requirements, long/ short lead time of raw materials and components, high/ low importance of suppliers and customers, high requirements on certification and validation, and high requirements on environmental sustainability of products and processes. The second matric illustrates contextual factors which might challenge suppliers to establish an appropriate level of external integration with customers. The factors are need for innovation of products, initial stage of relationship, distant channel position of key supplier from end-customer, high complexity of demand side, and high requirements on supplier’s flexibility.

    Research limitations/ implications – The propositions need to be tested through a large scale study.

    Practical implications – The result can assist practitioners in identification of situations in which implementation of an appropriate level of external integration might be challenging and can require an increased attention.

    Originality/values - This research adds to the external integration literature by identifying contextual factors that might promote and challenge external integration.

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