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  • 1.
    Alriksson, Stina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Voxberg, Elin
    Filipsson, Monika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Augustsson, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Historical exposure to heavy metals in air2017Ingår i: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Augustsson, Anna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Uddh Söderberg, Terese
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Alriksson, Stina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Helmfrid, Ingela
    Berglund, Marika
    Karlsson, Helen
    Filipsson, Monika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Challenges in assessing metal exposure around contaminated sites: the example of local vegetable consumption in the Swedish glassworks district2017Ingår i: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Bååth, Richard
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Sjöfartshögskolan.
    Överstyrmäns arbetssituation2008Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 5 poäng / 7,5 hpStudentuppsats
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete gjordes för att få en inblick i en överstyrmans arbete. Målet med examensarbetet var att få en inblick i en överstyrmans arbetsuppgifter och i hans arbetssituation i förhållande till lagen om vilotid för sjömän. Examensarbetet genomfördes med överstyrmän från de tre tankrederierna Broström, Donsötank och Tärntank. Där kontakt först togs med respektive landkontor för godkännande. Därefter kontaktades överstyrmän och telefonintervjuer genomfördes under mars månad. Resultatet visade att det fanns en viss

    skillnad mellan en överstyrman från Tärntank och en överstyrman från Broström eller Donsötank. För en överstyrman från Broström och Donsötank hittades däremot inte någon utmärkande skillnad i arbetet. Den största skillnaden var att en överstyrman från Tärntank har

    mycket bättre förutsättningar för att kunna hålla sig inom lagen för vilotid, än vad en överstyrman från Broström eller Donsötank har.

  • 4.
    Cook, Richard
    et al.
    Ohio State University, USA.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    Royal Institute of Technology;Medical Management Centre LIME;Karolinska Institutet.
    Reflections on Resilience: Repertoires and system features2017Ingår i: Resilient HealthCare 3: Reconciling Work-As-Imagined and Work-As-Done / [ed] Braithwhite, Jeffery; Wears, Robert; Hollnagel, Erik, London: CRC Press, 2017, 1, s. 111-119Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 5.
    Eklund, Mona
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Brunt, David
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Argentzell, Elisabeth
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Perceived occupational balance and well-being among people with mental illness living in two types of supported housing2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People with psychiatric disabilities often struggle with maintaining a satisfying occupational balance. Knowledge about factors of relevance for occupational balance in this group is therefore vital for improving their support. Aim: The aim was to describe perceptions of occupational balance among people with psychiatric disabilities living in supported housing (SH) or in own flat/house with housing support (OHS). Potential importance of housing context and socio-demographic, well-being and recovery factors for occupational balance was also explored. Methods: Participants from SH (N = 155) and OHS (N = 111) responded to questionnaires about sociodemographic situation, well-being (self-rated health, life satisfaction and self-mastery), personal recovery and occupational balance (work, leisure, home chores, self-care and general balance assessed by SDO-OB). Results: A majority in both groups reported being in balance regarding all five domains of occupational balance. The OHS group reported being more under-occupied for home chores and self-care. Self-mastery was the most important contributor in both groups in the domains of work, domestic chores and self-care. Day center attendance was vital for general occupational balance. Conclusion: Both groups generally perceived occupational balance. Control over one's life situation and possibilities for regularly participating in occupations outside the home environment should receive high priority in housing support.

  • 6.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology;Medical Management Centre LIME;Karolinska Institutet.
    Kenttä, Göran
    Sömnproblematik inom idrott2015Ingår i: Bättre prestation & hälsa med KBT: fakta, inspiration, fallbeskrivningar / [ed] Göran Kenttä, Carolina Lundqvist & Pontus Bjurner, Stockholm: SISU idrottsböcker , 2015, 1, s. 177-199Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Filipsson, Monika
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Karlsson, Alexandra
    Alriksson, Stina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Augustsson, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Consumption of home-produced foods in south eastern Sweden: new data for use in exposure assessments2017Ingår i: 26th SRA-E annual conference (SRA-E Lisbon 2017): Lisbon, Portugal, June 19-21, 2017, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 8. Hultgren, Sandra
    et al.
    Filipsson, Monika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Variability in frequency and quantity of used personal health care products by young people for use in quantitative exposure assessment2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 9.
    Joshi, Sunil Kumar
    et al.
    Kathmandu Medical College, Nepal.
    Dahal, Pranab
    Nepal Health Research Council, Nepal.
    Occupational Health in Small Scale and Household Industries in Nepal: A Situation Analysis2008Ingår i: Kathmandu University Medical Journal, ISSN 1812-2027, E-ISSN 1812-2078, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 152-160Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Making working conditions safe and healthy is the interest of workers, employers and the Government.Although it seems simple and obvious, this idea has not yet gained meaningful recognition in Nepal.Materials and methods: The study was conducted in ten small scale industries of Kathmandu valley. Altogether 545questionnaires on socioeconomic and occupational history were fi lled up. Similarly, Workplace Occupational HealthAssessment was done in all ten industries. A thorough medical examination of 135 child workers was done using astructured questionnaire to fi nd out the health effects due to occupational hazards.Results: Out of the total 545 workers present in the industries under study, 135 (24.8%) were child workers. Higherproportion of child workers (97%) was illiterate compared to 3% of children with primary level education. Among thechild workers, 23 (17%) were girls. The majority of the child labourers were suffering from conditions like otitis externa,otitis media, scabies, anaemia, upper respiratory diseases, nasal problems, abdominal pain etc.Conclusion: The occupational health and safety practices in small scale industries in Kathmandu have been found to beunsatisfactory. Child labour is a serious problem. Out of ten industries, six have employed child workers and the workingconditions range from bad to terrible. Health and welfare of the child workers was also not satisfactory.

  • 10.
    Kumar, Jitender
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Lind, P. Monica
    Uppsala University.
    Salihovic, Samira
    Uppsala University.
    van Bavel, Bert
    Örebro University.
    Nilsson Ekdahl, Kristina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för kemi och biomedicin (KOB). Uppsala University.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Uppsala University.
    Lind, Lars
    Uppsala University.
    Ingelsson, Erik
    Uppsala University.
    Influence of persistent organic pollutants on the complement system in a population-based human sample2014Ingår i: Environment International, ISSN 0160-4120, E-ISSN 1873-6750, Vol. 71, s. 94-100Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Persistent organic pollutants (POPS) are toxic compounds generated through various industrial activities and have adverse effects on human health. Studies performed in cell cultures and animals have revealed that POPs can alter immune-system functioning. The complement system is part of innate immune system that helps to clear pathogens from the body. We performed a large-scale population-based study to find out associations between summary measures of different POPs and different complement system markers. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 16 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 3 organochlorine (OC) pesticides, octachloro-p-dibenzodioxin, and 2,2',4,4'-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) were analyzed for their association with levels of protein complement 3 (C3), 3a (C3a), 4 (C4) and C3a/C3 ratio. A total of 992 individuals (all aged 70 years, 50% females) were recruited from the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors cohort. Regression analysis adjusting for a variety of confounders was performed to study the associations of different POP exposures (total toxic equivalency value or TEQ and sum of 16 PCBs) with protein complements. Results: The TEQ values were found to be positively associated with C3a (beta = 0.07, 95% CI = 0.017-0.131, p = 0.01) and C3a/C3 ratio (beta = 0.07, 95% Cl = 0.015-0.126, p = 0.01) taking possible confounders into account. The association observed was mainly driven by PCB-126. Conclusion: In this study involving 992 elderly individuals from the general population, we showed that POPs, mainly PCB-126, were associated with levels of complement system markers indicating that the association of these toxic compounds with downstream disease could be mediated by activation of immune system. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 11.
    Langer, Sarka
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Moldanová, Jana
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Österman, Cecilia
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Influence of fuel change on indoor environmental quality on-board a passenger ferry2016Ingår i: Proceedings of Indoor Air 2016, International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate - ISIAQ , 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study intends to investigate how a change of fuel type from Heavy Fuel Oil to a ultra-low sulphur hybrid oil affects the indoor air quality on board a passenger ferry. The indoor air quality was assessed with respect to the concentration of NO2, SO2 and TVOC, temperature and relative humidity. The efficiency of the ventilation system on the ferry was estimated by measurements of the levels of CO2. The air on-board the ferry was rather dry and in the engine space also warm. CO2 levels exceeded 1 000 ppm extremely seldom, thus indicating well designed and functioning ventilation. The concentrations of the air pollutants were below the guidelines values for good IAQ. They were also much below the occupational limit values. Living and working on-board this ship is comparable to any other indoor environment. The change of the fuel influenced only the concentrations of SO2.

  • 12. Nyqvist, Fredrik
    et al.
    Helmfrid, Ingela
    Augustsson, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Wingren, Gun
    Increased cancer incidence in the local population around metal-contaminated glassworks sites2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 13.
    Nyqvist, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Helmfrid, Ingela
    Linköping University.
    Augustsson, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Wingren, Gun
    Linköping University.
    Increased Cancer Incidence in the Local Population Around Metal-Contaminated Glassworks Sites2017Ingår i: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 1076-2752, E-ISSN 1536-5948, Vol. 59, nr 5, s. E84-E90Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to examine mortality causes and cancer incidence in a population cohort that have resided in close proximity to highly metal-contaminated sources, characterized by contamination of, in particular, arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb). Methods: Data from Swedish registers were used to calculate standardized mortality and cancer incidence ratios. An attempt to relate cancer incidence to metal contamination levels was made. Results: Significantly elevated cancer incidences were observed for overall malignant cancers in both genders, cancer in the digestive system, including colon, rectum, and pancreas, and cancers in prostate among men. Dose-response relationships between Cd and Pb levels in soil and cancer risks were found. Conclusions: Cancer observations made, together with previous studies of metal uptake in local vegetables, may imply that exposure to local residents have occurred primarily via oral intake of locally produced foodstuffs.

  • 14.
    Strandberg, Bo
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Österman, Cecilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Sjöfartshögskolan (SJÖ). Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Koca Akdeva, Hatice
    Sahlgrenska Academy at Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Moldanová, Jana
    Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    Langer, Sarka
    Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Sweden.
    The Use of Polyurethane Foam (PUF) Passive Air Samplers in Exposure Studies to PAHs in Swedish Seafarers2020Ingår i: Polycyclic aromatic compounds (Print), ISSN 1040-6638, E-ISSN 1563-5333Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to test the usefulness of polyurethane foam (PUF) passive air samplers as stationary, and, for the first time, as personal samplers for one week’s sampling period of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in occupational air. Routine monitoring of workplace exposure is commonly performed with active sampling. However, active samplers can sometimes be unsuitable; e.g., it is difficult to make time-integrated measurements, longer than one day, and they can be noisy and obstructive. Indoor air quality on ships is an important aspect of the environment which has not been studied extensively on ships. For seafarers, good indoor air quality becomes particularly important as the ship represents both a working and living environment. In this study, measurements were carried out on two occasions on two different ships, at different workplaces, and for various personnel categories. On each ship, measurements were performed before and after a change of the type of fuel that the ships were operating on. We found a considerable wide range of PAHs exposure levels for the various workplaces and personnel categories on the ships. The stationary measurements, sum 32 PAHs, ranged from 33-39,000 ng m−3 and the personal exposure measurements ranged from 61-8,400 ng m−3. The results point to that the content of PAHs in the fuel can affect the indoor air environment on the entire ship. Further, the results demonstrate that the PUF sampler can serve as a simple and usable screening tool for estimating and tracking point sources of PAHs in micro-environments. Moreover, this study contributes to increased knowledge of exposure to and sources of PAHs for seafarers.

  • 15.
    Tambe, Ayuk B.
    et al.
    Inst Med Res & Med Plant Studies IMPM, Cameroon;Stellenbosch Univ, South Africa.
    Mbanga, Baleba M. R.
    Inst Med Res & Med Plant Studies IMPM, Cameroon.
    Dapi Nzefa, Léonie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Nama, Medoua G.
    Inst Med Res & Med Plant Studies IMPM, Cameroon.
    Pesticide usage and occupational hazards among farmers working in small-scale tomato farms in Cameroon2019Ingår i: Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, E-ISSN 2090-262X, Vol. 94, nr 1, s. 1-7, artikel-id 20Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Agriculture is undoubtedly the backbone of the Cameroonian economy, and other economic activities thrive only if production in this sector is assured. It has been estimated that approximately 25 million agricultural workers worldwide experience unintentional pesticide poisoning yearly. Unfortunately, limited information exists about the health and safety of the farmers. The aim of this study was to describe the occupational health and safety (OHS) conditions of farmers working on small-scale tomato farms in the western region of Cameroon. A cross-sectional research method was used to collect data from tomato farmers in May 2017, using a questionnaire developed by the research team. Results: A total of 104 tomato farmers from small-scale farms participated in the study. The analysis revealed that the occupation is male-dominated (86.5%). The training and use of personal protective equipment (PPE) among farmers were rare (35.6%), and farmers were mostly exposed to chemical hazards. The farmers reported the following work-related health problems: skin irritation, backache, impairment of the central nervous system (CNS), visual problems, and respiratory difficulties. Conclusions: The OHS conditions on small-scale tomato farms are mostly poor, thus predisposing farmers to the risk of work-related health problems. Exposure to occupational hazards can be significantly reduced if the required PPE are available and efficiently used.

  • 16.
    Theorell, Tores
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Jood, Katarina
    Sahlgrenska Academy.
    Jarvholm, Lisbeth Slunga
    Umeå University.
    Vingard, Eva
    Uppsala University.
    Perk, Joep
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV).
    Ostergren, Per Olov
    Lund University.
    Hall, Charlotte
    Swedish Council Hlth Technol & Social Assessment, Stockholm.
    A systematic review of studies in the contributions of the work environment to ischaemic heart disease development2016Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, nr 3, s. 470-477Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is need for an updated systematic review of associations between occupational exposures and ischaemic heart disease (IHD), using the GRADE system. Methods: Inclusion criteria: (i) publication in English in peer-reviewed journal between 1985 and 2014, (ii) quantified relationship between occupational exposure (psychosocial, organizational, physical and other ergonomic job factors) and IHD outcome, (iii) cohort studies with at least 1000 participants or comparable case-control studies with at least 50 + 50 participants, (iv) assessments of exposure and outcome at baseline as well as at follow-up and (v) gender and age analysis. Relevance and quality were assessed using predefined criteria. Level of evidence was then assessed using the GRADE system. Consistency of findings was examined for a number of confounders. Possible publication bias was discussed. Results: Ninety-six articles of high or medium high scientific quality were finally included. There was moderately strong evidence (grade 3 out of 4) for a relationship between job strain and small decision latitude on one hand and IHD incidence on the other hand. Limited evidence (grade 2) was found for iso-strain, pressing work, effort-reward imbalance, low support, lack of justice, lack of skill discretion, insecure employment, night work, long working week and noise in relation to IHD. No difference between men and women with regard to the effect of adverse job conditions on IHD incidence. Conclusions: There is scientific evidence that employees, both men and women, who report specific occupational exposures, such as low decision latitude, job strain or noise, have an increased incidence of IHD.

  • 17.
    Uddh Söderberg, Terese
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Gunnarsson, Sara
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    Hogmalm, Johan
    Univ Gothenburg.
    Lindegård, Boel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för kemi och biomedicin (KOB).
    Augustsson, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för biologi och miljö (BOM).
    An assessment of health risks associated with arsenic exposure via consumption of homegrown vegetables near contaminated glassworks sites2015Ingår i: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 536, s. 189-197Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The health risk posed by arsenic in vegetables grown in private gardens near 22 contaminated glassworks sites was investigated in this study. Firstly, vegetable (lettuce and potato) and soil samples were collected and arsenic concentrations measured to characterize the arsenic uptake in the selected crops. Secondly, a probabilistic exposure assessment was conducted to estimate the average daily intake (ADI(veg)), which was then evaluated against toxicological reference values by the calculation of hazard quotients (HQs) and cancer risks (CRs). The results show that elevated arsenic concentrations in residential garden soils are mirrored by elevated concentrations in vegetables, and that consumption of these vegetables alone may result in an unacceptable cancer risk; the calculated reasonable maximum exposure, for example, corresponded to a cancer incidence 20 times higher than the stated tolerance limit. However, the characterization of risk depends to a great extent on which toxicological reference value is used for comparison, as well as how the exposure is determined. Based on the assumptions made in the present study, the threshold levels for chronic non-carcinogenic or acute effects were not exceeded, but the cancer risks indicated highlight the need for further exposure studies, as dietary intake involves more than just homegrown vegetables and total exposure is a function of more than just one exposure pathway. In addition, glassworks sites - and contaminated sites in general - contain multiple contaminants, affecting the final and total risk.

  • 18.
    Österman, Cecilia
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Sjöfartshögskolan (SJÖ). IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd.
    Langer, Sarka
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd..
    Moldanová, Jana
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute Ltd..
    Personal exposure of seafarers to air pollutants and perceived indoor air quality on a passenger ferry2016Ingår i: Proceedings of Indoor Air 2016, International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate - ISIAQ , 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine crew members’ personal exposure and perceived air quality on board a Swedish passenger ferry before and after a change of fuel type. Personal exposure was measured in the breathing zone of 20 crew members and quantified in terms of concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and total volatile organic compounds (TVOC) with focus on benzene. Measured concentrations are compared with international indoor air quality guidelines and occupational exposure limit values. The perceived indoor air quality was assessed through a self-reporting questionnaire. The results show that the measured personal exposure was largely below Swedish occupational exposure limit values and international guideline values. Elevated levels were found especially in the engine crew samples. The subjective assessment of the air quality showed the air to be perceived as just acceptable with a slight odour, and a sense of the air being dry and stuffy.

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