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  • 1.
    Andersson, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Prediktorer för sprintförmåga hos elitfotbollsspelare: Korrelerar styrke- och hopptest med sprintförmåga över 10 meter?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 2.
    Archer, Trevor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. University of Gothenburg.
    Svensson, Kjell
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science. Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Physical exercise ameliorates deficits induced by traumatic brain injury2012In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 125, no 5, p. 293-302Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The extent and depth of traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major determining factor together with the type of structural insult and its location, whether mild, moderate or severe, as well as the distribution and magnitude of inflammation and loss of cerebrovascular integrity, and the eventual efficacy of intervention. The influence of exercise intervention in TBI is multiple, ranging from anti-apoptotic effects to the augmentation of neuroplasticity. Physical exercise diminishes cerebral inflammation by elevating factors and agents involved in immunomodulatory function, and buttresses glial cell, cerebrovascular, and blood-brain barrier intactness. It provides unique non-pharmacologic intervention that incorporate different physical activity regimes, whether dynamic or static, endurance or resistance. Physical training regimes ought necessarily to be adapted to the specific demands of diagnosis, type and degree of injury and prognosis for individuals who have suffered TBI. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  • 3.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Video-supported Interactive Learning for Movement Awareness: a learning model for the individual development of movement performance among nursing students2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:  The overall aim of this thesis was to explore the development of a video-supported interactive learning model for movement awareness among nursing students.

    Methods:  Study I was a cross-sectional survey regarding prevalence and impact of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSS) among nursing students. In the remaining three studies a learning model was developed and explored; II - the inter-personal interaction (qualitative content analysis), III - the students’ experiences of using the learning model (phenomenological hermeneutics), IV - the students’ learning processes (hermeneutic approach).

    Results: 143 of the 224 respondents in study I reported MSS during the previous 12 months and of those 91 reported impact on physical daily life activities. The odds ratio for reporting MSS study year 3 was 4.7 (95% CI: 2.1 – 10.7). Study II shows that the students’ movement awareness and self-analysis developed when encountering their own movement through video feedback. Studies III and IV show that the facilitator’s reflective and responsive approach appears to be essential in creating interaction and a permitting learning atmosphere. The students became emotionally and cognitively challenged and personally engaged, were motivated to change by discovering details in their movements and gained a greater understanding of the relationship between their own movements and current or risk for future MSS. They also experienced emotional, cognitive and bodily confusion, which was interpreted as a necessary step in the changing process.

    Conclusion: MSS among nursing students appears to be a problem and education regarding ergonomic movements and principles is suggested to be emphasized in the nursing curriculum. The video-supported learning model enabled encountering and discovering one’s own body and movement in different ways, which facilitated reflection and motivation for change, which was supported by the facilitator’s reflective approach. The learning model, which could contribute to multifactorial ergonomic interventions, could also support movement awareness and learning in practical learning situations within education and rehabilitation. Further research needs to study the model in different contexts and in relation to MSS prevention.

  • 4.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Experiences of using a video-based learning model during a long-term process of movement awareness and learning – a hermeneutical study2019In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, p. 1-7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To explore the long-term learning process in movement awareness development supported by a video-based learning model.

    Participants: Eleven undergraduate nursing students.

    Method: The students participated in learning sessions comprising video modelling, video feedback and reflective enquiry with a focus on inter-personal interaction. Each student participated in three individual video sessions during a four-month period. Three individual interviews were carried out, the last one 12–18 months after the final session. Visual, verbal and written material were collected from the video sessions, individual interviews and diaries, and interpreted within a hermeneutical approach.

    Results: The learning process was described in three themes: motivation for change, exploring alternative perspectives and movement changes through challenges.

    Conclusions: The video-based learning model implies a challenging experience on a personal level that supports motivation and a deep approach to learning. It adds a powerful base for reflection, which encourages student-centred active learning. The facilitator’s reflective approach is essential to allow the student to explore her/his own movement, in contrast to delivering instructions. The learning model may be valuable in the physiotherapist’s clinical work in facilitating patients’ movement awareness in the process of movement improvements.

  • 5.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Let me see, reflect and try again: a hermeneutical study on the process of movement learning facilitated by a video-supported interactive learning model (VILMA)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Is that really my movement?: Students’ experiences of a video-supported interactive learning model for movement awareness2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 28474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health care staff and students have a great risk of developing musculoskeletal symptoms. One cause of this is heavy load-related work activities such as manual handling, in which the quality of individual work technique may play a major role. Preventive interventions and well-defined educational strategies to support movement awareness and long-lasting movement changes need to be developed. The aim of the present study was to explore nursing students’ experiences of a newly developed interactive learning model for movement awareness. The learning model, which is based on a life-world perspective with focus on inter-personal interaction, has been used with eleven undergraduate students from the second and final year. Each student participated in three individual video-sessions with a facilitator. Two individual interviews were carried out with each student during the learning process and one interview 12-18 months after the last session. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim and a phenomenological hermeneutic method inspired by Paul Ricoeur and described by Lindseth & Norberg was used to interpret the interviews and diary notes. The interpretation resulted in three key themes and nine sub-themes. The key themes were; Obtaining better preconditions for bodily awareness, Experiencing changes in one’s own movement and Experiencing challenges in the learning process. The interactive learning model entails a powerful and challenging experience that develops movement awareness. The experience of meaningfulness and usefulness emerges increasingly and alternates with a feeling of discomfort. The learning model may contribute to the body of knowledge of well-defined educational strategies in movement awareness and learning in for example preventive interventions and ergonomic education. It may also be valuable in other practical learning situations where movement awareness is required.

  • 7.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Impact of musculoskeletal symptoms on general physical activity during nursing education.2014In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 385-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing education should prepare students for a lifelong professional career including managing clinical physical demands. Musculoskeletal symptoms, such as bodily pain, have been reported among nurses and nursing students but less is known about the impact of symptoms in daily activities. The aim was to explore the prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms and their impact on general physical activity among nursing students. This cross-sectional study was based on a questionnaire to all undergraduate nursing students at one university. The prevalence of symptoms and physical impact during past 3 and 12 months was calculated for each study year. Odds ratio was analysed with logistic regression. Of 348 students 224 responded, 84% women, mean age 24.6 years (range 20-46). Of those 143 (64%) reporting symptoms during the past 12 months, 91 (64%) reported impact on physical activities. Most commonly reported were everyday activities such as transportations and prolonged sitting. The odds ratio for reporting symptoms was 1.8 for year 2 (95% CI: 0.9-3.5), and 4.7 for year 3 (95% CI: 2.1-10.7). The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was high among nursing students and higher the final study year and not only resulted in discomfort but had an impact on the students' general physical activities.

  • 8.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Video-based feedback combined with reflective enquiry: An interactive model for movement awareness among nursing students2015In: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, ISSN 1891-943X, E-ISSN 1891-943X, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 246-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe an interactive model developed for movement awareness in a practical learning situation and to explore the use of video-based digital feedback and reflective enquiry in this model among nursing students. Sixteen students participated in individual interactive video sessions with a facilitator, who encouraged the students to reflect upon their own movements. Qualitative analysis showed that movement patterns were visualized, and that movement awareness and self-analysis were gradually developed. Encountering one’s own movement and reflecting on one’s own experiences appear to support motivation for movement changes.

  • 9.
    Beischer, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Lower extremity injuries in young floorball players: A prospective study on overuse injuries2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To my knowledge, no previous studies have examined the appearance of injury in young floorball players. Aim: To investigate the occurrence of overuse injuries in lower extremity (LE) in floorball players aged 15 or younger, with respect to frequency, location, and consequence of injury. Method: Fifty-seven players participated (mean age 11±2 years). A modified version of Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center Overuse Injury Questionnaire was submitted every fourth week during four months in order to record the occurrence of overuse injuries in LE. Result: A total of 42 overuse injuries in 42% (24/57) of the cohort were found. The average monthly prevalence for all players, in any anatomical area, was 28% (95% confidence interval 18%-38%). The most common location of injuries was the knee (43%), followed by the foot (40%). A weak positive and significant correlation (rs = 0.276, p = 0.038 ) between overuse injuries and age was found. Conclusion: The present study shows, in accordance with other recent studies on children and adolescents, that overuse injuries seems to be a common problem for young floorball players.

  • 10. Bergman, Patrick
    Barn och fysisk aktivitet2007In: Sjukgymnastdagarna, Stockholm, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Binisi, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Korrelation mellan höftstyrka och maximal skridskoåkningsförmåga på is hos manliga ishockeyspelare.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12.
    Blomqvist, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sambandet mellan undersökningsinstrument för fysisk aktivitet som används för barn med övervikt2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Investigation physical activity in a population gives descriptive data and the

    result serves as a measuring instrument for how future interventions ought to

    be designed. The purpose of this study was to see whether any associations

    existed between three examination instruments for physical activity that are

    used with children with overweight. Method: The participants were

    measured, weighed, estimated their physical activity (questionnaire), testing

    their physical performance (six-minute walking test) and their physical

    activity was measured (accelerometer). Results: Eight girls, aged 7-13, body

    mass index of 26 ± 3.7, participated. The majority of the children estimated

    to be physically active for 30-60 min/day, during weekdays and weekends,

    but seen as a group the estimation was significantly lower on the weekend.

    Their physical performance showed a significantly lower value than the

    predicted value. The children performed on average for 67 ± 24 min / day

    during the week and significantly less (31 ± 29.7 min / day) on weekends. A

    significant association existed between performed physical activity during

    weekdays and the performance test. A formula for how this relationship

    could be calculated was designed. Conclusion: Despite low numbers of

    participants the result of the study could indicate that 6MWT can be used not

    only for assessing the performance but also to calculate the executed amount

    of activity during weekdays.

  • 13.
    Demmelmaier, Ingrid
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Bergman, Patrick
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Nordgren, Birgitta
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Jensen, Irene
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Opava, Christina H
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Current and Maintained Health-Enhancing Physical Activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Cross-Sectional Study2013In: Arthritis Care and Research, ISSN 0893-7524, E-ISSN 1529-0123, Vol. 65, no 7, p. 1166-1176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe and identify the explanatory factors of variation in current and maintained health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) in persons with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

    METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, current HEPA was assessed with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and maintained HEPA with the Exercise Stage Assessment Instrument, the latter explicitly focusing on both aerobic physical activity and muscle strength training. Sociodemographic, disease-related, and psychosocial data were retrieved from the Swedish Rheumatology Quality (SRQ) registers and a postal questionnaire. The explained variations in the respective HEPA behaviors were analyzed with logistic regression.

    RESULTS: In all, 3,152 (58.5%) of 5,391 persons identified as eligible from the SRQ registers responded to the questionnaire. Current HEPA was reported by 69%, and maintained HEPA by 11% of the respondents. The most salient and consistent factors explaining variation in both current and maintained HEPA were self-efficacy, social support, and outcome expectations related to physical activity.

    CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study exploring maintained physical activity in a large well-defined sample of persons with RA. Our results indicate that a minority perform maintained HEPA, including both aerobic physical activity and muscle strength training, and that psychosocial factors are the most salient and consistent in the explanation of HEPA variation.

  • 14.
    Ehlin, Lisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Muskelstyrka och uthållighet hos barn i årskurs 2-3 och 4-6 mätt med ett tåhävningstest2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 15.
    Ericsson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Knee laxity measurement in acute knee trauma: ACL evaluation with the Rolimeter2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Instrumented testing of anterior posterior knee laxity has become an objective valuable tool in combination with clinical tests in evaluation and diagnosis of ACL injuries. The Rolimeter is an instrument that quantifies anterior knee laxity and has in previous studies showed satisfactory results regarding intra and inter tester reliability in subjects without injuries or with chronic ACL deficiency.

    Objective: To test the reliability of the Rolimeter in the acute phase following a substantial knee trauma. The repeatability of the test procedure was also investigated.

    Methods: Totally 15 subjects with acute knee trauma were examined by one single observer at three different times with the Rolimeter using maximum force. Both injured and non injured knees were examined and anterior posterior displacement was recorded. Endpoint examination was used as “golden standard” in data analysis.

    Results: Strong significant correlations were found for the Rolimeter scores of knee laxity between baseline and endpoint for both injured (r= 0,928, p< 0,01) and non injured knees (r= 0,987, p < 0,01). Mean differences in anterior laxity were small with no significant differences between readings. High repeatability was found in repeated measurements with no significant change over time for the non injured knees.

    Conclusion: The study implicates that the Rolimeter produces reliable quantification of anterior knee laxity in repeated measurements even in the acute phase following knee trauma. In combination with manual tests the Rolimeter seems to be a valuable instrument in diagnosing ACL injuries.

     

    Key words: Anterior cruciate ligament, Arthrometer, Hemarthrosis, Instability, Instrumented testing, Knee joint instability

  • 16.
    Feinbaum, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patienters upplevelse av sjukgymnastens bemötande vid ett förstagångsbesök2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har man uppmärksammat vårdgivares bemötande till patienter i vården. Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka patienters upplevelse av sjukgymnastens bemötande vid ett förstagångsbesök. Metod: En kvalitativ ansats valdes för studien. Tre män och sju kvinnor intervjuades enligt en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Texten analyserades utifrån kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i åtta kategorier som beskrev patientens upplevelse av sjukgymnastens bemötande vid ett förstagångsbesök. De intervjuade uppfattade sjukgymnastens uppriktighet i att vilja förstå varför patienten sökte. Tillvägagångssättet var genomgående att sjukgymnasten ställde frågor i kombination med en undersökning. I samtalet upplevde patienten sjukgymnastens särskilda intresse av att få en förståelse för individen och få en helhetsbild. Patienterna kände att de blev tagna på allvar och ansåg att sjukgymnastens fullständiga uppmärksamhet var riktad mot patienten som noggrant hann beskriva sina symtom i kombination med att sjukgymnasten kom fram till en funktionsdiagnos med fortsatt behandlingsstrategi. Sammanfattning: Resultatet av studien visade på många förhållanden som ledde fram till ett bra möte. Samspelet mellan patient och sjukgymnast byggde på att sjukgymnasten visade ett intresse, hade empati och gav motivation samt lyssnade till patientens berättelse. 

  • 17.
    Forsén, Ida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Kvinnors upplevelse av sin kunskap om graviditet och träning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier har visat att det är viktigt att ge kvinnor evidensbaserad information och råd kring träning och graviditet. Syftetmed studien var att undersöka frågeställningen: Upplever kvinnor efter sin förlossning att de fick kunskap under sin graviditet kring fysisk aktivitet och träningMetodensom användes var en enkätundersökning och ett av inklutionskriterierna var att man skulle ha fött sitt barn inom de senaste 24 månaderna. Resultatetav studien baserades på 360 enkätsvar vilka visade 70 % av de svarande anser att de inte fått tillräcklig information om träning under graviditeten. Av de svarande som ansåg sig fått tillräckligt med kunskap om fysisk aktivitet under graviditeten fick 39 % den informationen från en fysioterapeut, flest av alternativen. 52 % av de svarande bedömde sin kunskap om träning och graviditet som låg under graviditeten. Enkätresultaten visade också att 86 % av de svarande som bedömde sig ha hög eller mycket hög kunskap om gravidträning under graviditeten gjorde en förändring i sin träning. Det var sex procentenheter högre än resultatet bland alla respondenter. Slutsatsenav studien visade indikationer på att de kvinnor som träffat en fysioterapeut under sin graviditet i högre grad verkar uppleva att de fått information om hur de bör träna under graviditeten. Det bör undersökas genom vidare studier.

  • 18.
    Frisk Bengtsson, Tina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Korrelation mellan fysiska testresultat vid antagning till friidrottsgymnasium och bästa friidrottsresultat som senior.  2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att skapa bra förutsättningar och ta hand om idrottstalanger är angeläget i många länder, så också i Sverige. Ett led i att skapa möjligheter för våra idrottsungdomar har varit satsningen på idrottsgymnasier.

    Syfte: Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka om de friidrottsungdomar som presterar bäst vid antagningstester till Friidrottsgymnasiet i Växjö även är de friidrottare som presterar bäst resultat som seniorer. 

    Material och metod: Totalt 207 friidrottare, i 15 års ålder, (100 flickor och 107 pojkar) som utfört ansökningstesterna till FIG Växjö och presterat ett friidrottsresultat som senior ingick i studien. Följande antagningstester ingick:30 meter flygande(snabbhet), kulkast framåt (explosivitet) samt plinthopp, 90 sekunder (styrkeuthållighet). Antagningstesterna jämfördes med friidrottarens bästa prestation utförd som senior. En jämförelse gjordes även grengruppsvis. Resultatet visade en ganska stark korrelation för flickor mellan 5 av de 15 undersökta sambanden. Sprint/häckgruppens friidrottsresultat korrelerade med flygande30 meter samt kulkast framåt (r= 0,6, p<0,05). Hoppgruppens resultat korrelerade med plinthopp samt flygande30 meter (r=0,5, p<0,05). Medel/långdistansgruppens resultat korrelerade med kulkast framåt (r=0,5, p<0,05). För pojkar sågs endast en ganska stark korrelation, sprintgruppen korrelerade med kulkast framåt(r=0,5, p<0,05).  

    Slutsats: De fysiska tester som använts i denna studie bör inte vara helt avgörande vid en antagning till ett friidrottsgymnasium, framförallt inte när det gäller pojkar.

  • 19.
    Jönsson, Thérése
    et al.
    Skåne University Hospital;Lund University;BOA Registry, Centre of Registries, Västra Götaland.
    Ekvall Hansson, Eva
    Lund University.
    Thorstensson, Carina A
    University of Gothenburg.
    Eek, Frida
    Lund University.
    Bergman, Patrick
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Dahlberg, Leif E
    Skåne University Hospital;Lund University.
    The effect of education and supervised exercise on physical activity, pain, quality of life and self-efficacy - an intervention study with a reference group.2018In: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Individuals with knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) are less physically active than people in general, and many of these individuals have adopted a sedentary lifestyle. In this study we evaluate the outcome of education and supervised exercise on the level of physical activity in individuals with knee or hip OA. We also evaluate the effect on pain, quality of life and self-efficacy.

    METHODS: Of the 264 included individuals with knee or hip OA, 195 were allocated to the intervention group. The intervention group received education and supervised exercise that comprised information delivered by a physiotherapist and individually adapted exercises. The reference group consisted of 69 individuals with knee or hip OA awaiting joint replacement and receiving standard care. The primary outcome was physical activity (as measured with an accelerometer). The secondary outcomes were pain (Visual Analog Scale), quality of life (EQ-5D), and self-efficacy (Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale, pain and other symptoms subscales). Participants in both groups were evaluated at baseline and after 3 months. The intervention group was also evaluated after 12 months.

    RESULTS: No differences were found in the number of minutes spent in sedentary or in physical activity between the intervention and reference groups when comparing the baseline and 3 month follow-up. However, there was a significant difference in mean change (mean diff; 95% CI; significance) between the intervention group and reference group favoring the intervention group with regard to pain (13; 7 to 19; p < 0.001), quality of life (- 0.17; - 0.24 to - 0.10; p < 0.001), self-efficacy/other symptoms (- 5; - 10 to - 0.3; p < 0.04), and self-efficacy/pain (- 7; - 13 to - 2; p < 0.01). Improvements in pain and quality of life in the intervention group persisted at the 12-month follow-up.

    CONCLUSIONS: Participation in an education and exercise program following the Swedish BOA program neither decreased the average amount of sedentary time nor increased the level of physical activity. However, participation in such a program resulted in decreased pain, increased quality of life, and increased self-efficacy.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov. Registration number: NCT02022566 . Retrospectively registered 12/18/2013.

  • 20.
    Karlsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Ytfeldt, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Funktionella tester och utvärdering av skadepreventiv träning hos kvinnliga fotbollsspelare - en interventionsstudie2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21.
    Lijuan, Mei
    et al.
    Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
    Qingyue, Chen
    Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
    Ge, Li
    School of Nursing, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fuzhou 350122, China.
    Guohua, Zheng
    Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
    Jinxiu, Chen
    Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
    Systematic Review of Chinese Traditional Exercise Baduanjin Modulating the Blood Lipid Metabolism2012In: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, ISSN 1741-427X, E-ISSN 1741-4288, p. Article ID 282131-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Baduanjin exercise is considered to be beneficial to modulate the blood lipid metabolism. The purpose of the systematic review was to assess the potential efficacy and safety of Baduanjin exercise. Methods. MEDLINE, EMBASE, CBM, CNKI, VIP, Chinese Important Conference Papers Database, and Chinese Dissertation Database were searched for all prospective-controlled trials of Baduanjin exercise from their inception to December 31, 2011. Results. A total of 14 studies were included. Comparing with no treatment, Baduanjin exercise significantly reduced the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C in plasma, and elevated plasma HDL-C level for healthy participants, and the pooled MD (95% confidence interval, CI) was −0.58 mmol/L (−0.86, −0.30 mmol/L), −0.22 mmol/L (−0.31, −0.13 mmol/L), −0.35 mmol/L (−0.54, −0.17 mmol/L), 0.13 mmol/L (0.06, 0.21 mmol/L), respectively. Baduanjin exercise also obviously decreased the levels of TG, LDL-C in plasma comparing with no treatment for patients, and the pooled MD (95% CI) was −0.30 mmol/L (−0.40, −0.19 mmol/L), −0.38 mmol/L (−0.63, −0.13 mmol/L), but there was not obvious to decrease plasma TC level or elevate plasma HDL-C level in patients with the pooled MD (95%CI), −0.39 mmol/L (−1.09, 0.31 mmol/L) and 0.22 mmol/L (−0.11, 0.55 mmol/L), respectively. In addition, the obvious advantage was not observed to modulate the blood lipid metabolism in comparing Baduanjin exercise with other exercises, regardless for health participants or patients. Conclusion. Studies indicated that Baduanjin exercise could significantly decrease the levels of TC, TG, LDL-C levels in plasma and elevate plasma HDL-C level for the healthy people. It also was helpful that Baduanjin exercise modulated the blood lipid metabolism for patients. Moreover, the Baduanjin exercise did not have an obvious advantage on modulating the lipid metabolism comparing with other exercises. But the evidence was uncertain because of the small sample size and low-methodological quality

  • 22.
    Lundh Petersen, Charlie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Kvinnors återgång till fysisk aktivitet efter främre korsbandsoperation2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23. Nordgren, Birgitta
    et al.
    Bergman, Patrick
    University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Opava, Christina H.
    Fridén, Cecilia
    Study group, PARA
    Physical activity, body functions, activity and general health perception in rheumatoid arthritis2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Norlén, Niklas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    The Comparison of Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (MSK US) Performed by Physiotherapist with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) at Suspected Acute Traumatic Rotator Cuff Tears2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Ryman Augustsson, Sofia
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Tranberg, Roy
    University of Gothenburg.
    Zugner, Roland
    University of Gothenburg.
    Augustsson, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Vertical drop jump landing depth influences knee kinematics in female recreational athletes2018In: Physical Therapy in Sport, ISSN 1466-853X, E-ISSN 1873-1600, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 133-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    To examine whether different vertical drop jump (VDJ) landing depth (small versus deep) and stance width (wide versus narrow) may alter movement biomechanics in female recreational athletes. The purpose was also to identify whether leg muscle strength is a predictive factor for knee control during a VDJ.

    Design

    Cross-sectional.

    Setting

    Biomechanics laboratory. Participants: Eighteen women aged between 18-30 years.

    Main Outcome Measures

    Three VDJ tests were used for biomechanical analysis: 1) small “bounce” jump (BJ), 2) deep “countermovement” jump with wide (CMJW) and 3) narrow foot position (CMJN). Subjects also performed an isometric knee-extension strength test, dichotomized to ‘weak’ versus ‘strong’ subjects according to median and quartiles.

    Results

    There were greater knee valgus angles during landing for both the CMJW and CMJN test compared to the BJ test (p≤0.05). Differences in knee valgus between weak and strong subjects were significant for the BJ test (p=0.044) but not for any of the other tests.

    Conclusions

    VDJ landing depth influences knee kinematics in women. Landing depth may therefore be considered when screening athletes using the VDJ test. Also, muscle strength seems to influence the amount of knee valgus angles, but the difference was not statistically significant (except for the BJ test) in this small cohort.

  • 26.
    Sinclair, Charlotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Pes planus och Pes cavus rörelseutslag i subtalarleden, under stödfasen innan och efter uttröttande löpning2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att med hjälp av videoanalys och programvaran Dartfish, undersöka eventuella skillnader i stödfasen på vinkeln mellan calcaneus och underlaget, hos personer med Pes planus och pes cavus, både efter en- och 45 minuters löpning på löpband.  Studiedesign: En experimentell studie. Metod: Trettiofyra personer vars fot/fötter uppmättes till pes cavus och pes planus enligt kriterierna för Medial Longitudinale Arch -angle, inkluderades i studien. Mätningarna gjordes på en stillbild med digital goniometer i programvaran Dartfish. Därefter mättes calcaneus vertikala mittlinje i förhållande till underlaget i stödfasen både efter 1 minut och 45 minuter, när försökspersonerna sprang barfota på ett löpband. Resultat: Båda fotvalvsgrupperna visade ett signifikant lägre värde, d vs ökad valgusriktning av calcaneus till underlaget, efter 45 minuter jämfört med 1 minuts löpning (p<0.05).

    Konklusion: Både pes cavus och pes planus tenderar att inta en calcaneusställning mer åt valgus efter 45 minuters löpning. Det behövs fortsatt forskning för att klargöra förändringen av biomekaniken efter längre tids löpning. Studiens resultat antyder att framtida studier som undersöker sambandet mellan skador och abnormala fotrörelser under belastning  även bör undersöka efter längre tids löpning.

  • 27.
    Sjöström, Rita
    et al.
    Strömsund Health Centre.
    Asplund, Ragnar
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Alricsson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Mid Sweden Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Ostersund.
    Evaluation of a multidisciplinary rehabilitation program with emphasis on musculoskeletal disorders: A 5-year follow-up2013In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 175-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to perform a 5-year follow-up of a 7-week multidisciplinary rehabilitation program focusing on pain, physical disability, anxiety and depression as well as stress and sick leave and to compare the results from the baseline, a 2-year follow-up and this 5-year follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: Out of 60 participants of the original rehabilitation program 54 were followed-up after 5 years. METHODS: The rehabilitation program was individually adapted and consisted of physical activity in several forms as well as theoretical and practical education. At baseline (start of study) and 2 and 5 years after completion of the rehabilitation program all participants were evaluated in terms of sick leave, pain rating (Visual Analogue Scale), the Disability Rating Index, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Stress Test. RESULTS: Between the start of the program and the 5-year follow-up pain rating (P < 0.017) and the rate of full-time sick leave (P < 0.0005) decreased. Physical disability, anxiety, depression and stress were maintained from the 2-year follow-up until the 5-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The rehabilitation program seemed to have had an effect on the participant's ability to manage with symptoms long after the end of the rehabilitation program. Most participants had returned to work, and reported less pain. The improvements made in physical disability and mental health prior to the 2-year follow-up were maintained at the 5-year follow-up occasion.

  • 28.
    Sundberg, Axel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Cross-cultural adaptation to Swedish of the Functional Assessment Scale for acute Hamstring injuries (FASH) : pain, symptoms and physical function in patients with an acute hamstring muscle injury2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Vaks, Katrin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Reumatoid artrit - patienters upplevelse av klimatvård2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Att undersöka patienters upplevelse av klimatvård och klimatvårdens effekter hos patienter med reumatoid artrit (RA).

    Metod: En kvalitativ ansats valdes för studien. Två män och sex kvinnor som rehabiliterats med klimatvård intervjuades enligt en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Texten analyserades utifrån kvalitativ manifest innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen av intervjuerna resulterade i fyra kategorier och tio underkategorier. De intervjuade upplevde klimatvården positivt. Träningen upplevdes smärtfri, intensiv, varierad och individanpassad. Patienternas upplevelse var att de presterade maximalt under träning och rycktes med av personalens entusiasm och uppmuntran. Patienterna kände sig delaktiga i målsättning och val av behandling samt upplevde att personalen fångade upp individuella behov. Det fanns en känsla hos patienterna av att bli sedd och bekräftad av personalen. Sjukdomsinformation i grupp och individuellt erhölls vilken upplevdes individanpassad. Omgivningen beskrevs av patienterna som vacker och klimatet skönt vilket ansågs stimulera till fysisk aktivitet samt till att må bra. Patienterna hade roligt tillsammans och fick nya vänner som de delade erfarenheter med. Vidare fanns en känsla av grupptillhörighet och att inte känna sig ensam sjuk bland friska. Att slippa vardagssysslor och ha tid för sig själv upplevdes positivt.

    Sammanfattning: Flera olika faktorer bidrog till positiv upplevelse av klimatvård. Klimat, omgivning, fysisk aktivitet, socialt sammanhang, personalens engagemang och sjukdomsinformation beskrevs interagera och tillsammans resultera i en känsla av att må bra, förbättrad fysisk funktion, minskade symtom, ökad självkänsla och ökad motivation till träning. Förslag för framtida forskning är att undersöka hur de olika faktorerna påverkar RA patienters sjukdom och livskvalitet samt hur faktorerna interagerar.

    Nyckelord: fysisk aktivitet, innehållsanalys, klimat, motivation, reumatisk sjukdom

  • 30.
    Zarur, Shirin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Skadepanoramat hos ungdomslandslagsspelare i basket2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
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