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  • 1. Aaboe, L
    et al.
    Lindelöf, Peter
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Löfsten, H
    Incubator performance: An efficiency frontier analysis2008In: International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, ISSN 1751-0252, E-ISSN 1751-0260, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 354-380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessments and evaluations of incubators has been a topic of discussion for as long as incubators have been in existence due to the fact that there has not been an agreement on how to determine good performance. This paper demonstrates the use of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) when studying performance of incubators. More specifically, it does so within the four dimensions of cooperation with universities, business networks, external funding and competence development on a sample of 16 Swedish incubators. We show that DEA enables us to measure non-numerical dimensions, and to simultaneously take into account the efforts made by both the incubator and the outcomes. Moreover, DEA provides benchmarks and, based on a model that divides the incubators into four different groups, illustrates the difference between the benchmark and the incubators' current situation.

  • 2. Aaboen, L
    et al.
    Lindelöf, Peter
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Löfsten, H
    Critical dimensions for technology transfer Incubator-facilitated links between finance, academia and NTBFs2008In: International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1468-4330, E-ISSN 1741-8127, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 331-335Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores incubator facilitation of technology transfer for their New Technology-Based Firms (NTBFs). Empirical evidence gathered from six interviews with incubator managers, together with a survey of 131 NTBFs in incubators in Sweden, in 2005, and the findings made in a survey of 273 NTBFs situated inside-and-outside Science Parks in 1999, are used for the exploration. It is suggested that incubators do facilitate technology transfer for their NTBFs. It is further suggested that the development towards increased ability to facilitate technology transfer will continue as a results of the efforts made on the incubator and systemic level.

  • 3.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Lind, Frida
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Öberg, Christina
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Shih, Tommy
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Exploring the roles of university spin-offs in business networks2016In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, Vol. 59, p. 157-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper identifies different university spin-off (USO) roles related to resource interaction among business parties. It does so by mapping how USOs become part of business networks in terms of their roles relative to other parties. The theoretical frame of reference focuses on roles and resource interaction based on an industrial network approach to business markets. The empirical research is based onfive cases of USOs representing a variety in terms of technology, degree of newness, sector, and area of application. As a result of the analysis, three different roles are identified: the USO as resource mediator, resource re-combiner and resource renewer. These roles reflect how USOs adapt resources to, or require changes among, business parties' resources. The paper also discusses the main resource interfaces associated with the three roles and related challenges. The paper contributes to previous research through illustrating USOs' roles relative to business parties from a resource interaction point of view, and by pointing to the establishment of new companies in business networks as a way of implementing innovation. Finally, the paper discusses the managerial implications of the research in terms of the USO's need to understand which role to take and how to develop it.

  • 4. Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Laage-Hellman, Jens
    Lind, Frida
    Öberg, Christina
    Shih, Tommy
    University spin-offs and their roles in business networks2014In: IMP Conference, Bordeaux, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Aaboen, Lise
    et al.
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Lindelöf, Peter
    The University of Nottingham.
    von Koch, Christopher
    School of Economics and Commercial Law, Department of Business Administration, Göteborg.
    Löfsten, Hans
    Chalmers universitet.
    Corporate governance and performance of small high-tech firms in Sweden2006In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 26, no 8, p. 955-968Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The approach uses data from a sample of 183 small high-tech firms, new technology-based firms (small high-tech firms) in Sweden (54 variables under the headings of work experience, board and advice, financing, motivation—performance priorities, technological innovation and strategy). This study identifies some core areas of importance in corporate governance. Few managers in this study had a strong background and experience of finance and the preparation of business. Only 64 per cent of the managers have had previous work experience before starting the firm. The survey makes it clear that the small high-tech firms are likely to have a strong link with banking institutions. The consequence of these links is that most of the firm's capital supply is from banks, and that there are strong ownership links between banks and industry. The background of the founder does seem to have had an effect on the problem of financing and ownership issues. It is private sector organizations (banks) and families that are most frequently consulted by small high-tech firms (However, low means). It is also the private and public sector organizations, in connection with external board membership, regional development agencies and banks that are most frequently consulted. In the future, it is reasonable to search for factor patterns that can begin to explain and predict the direction of corporate governance in small new technology-based firms.

  • 6.
    Aaby, Jacqueline
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Olsson, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Ett deltagande, för vem?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om gymnasieelevers deltagande i Idrott och hälsa 12016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate, at first, why students in upper secondary school in Sweden participate or not in Physical education and health (PEH) and also find out what changes the subject need that can affect their participation. To get answers out of the in-vestigation, we formulated questions about what preconceptions the students of an specific group have about participation and non-participation in PEH and what changes the subject need, according to the students, to become a subject for all students. The study was based on a qualitative method, by using interviews of ten students from Swedish upper secondary school. The students were from two schools in a mediumsized region and from different programmes.

    The results of the study shows clearly that the content and the grades in PEH affects the student’s participation, which was crucial to whether they felt they wanted to participate actively in the lessons or not. The grades were considered as important and affected the participation even though some of the students were not interested in the content, but they still did the things that the teacher demanded. Despite this, the attitudes towards the subject were positive among the interviewed students. The factors the students think can change the participation to more actively is implement more activities as dance, individual training but also, delimit ballsports. It seems like the interviewed students are searching for meaningfulness in the lessons of the subject with a link between the curriculum and grading criteria.

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  • 7.
    Aarenstrup, Sophie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Granholm, Fredrika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Att vara syskon eller partner till en person med ätstörningsproblematik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att belysa behandlares uppfattningar om syskon och partners upplevelser av att ha en nära person med en ätstörning, samt betydelsen av att involvera dem i den drabbades behandling. Studien genomfördes med en kvalitativ metod där semistrukturerade intervjuer utfördes med 6 behandlare på olika ätstörningsverksamheter i Sverige. Resultat och slutsats visade att syskon och partners, samt andra närstående, är betydelsefulla för patientens tillfriskande. Det är viktigt att syskon och partners involveras i behandling, och att de får information om sjukdom och behandling. Syskon ska inte anta en ansvarsroll, medan partner behöver ta ett visst ansvar i vardagen. Ätstörningar har en tydlig påverkan på partners och syskon, samt på närstående i allmänhet. Närstående bör få goda verktyg till hur de kan vara ett stöd på bästa sätt till den drabbade. Behandlaren ska bemöta närstående med förståelse, respekt och ingen skuldbeläggning. Det är väsentligt för patientens motivation och tillfrisknande att det finns en god och nära relation till de närstående som är involverade i behandlingen. Det finns en brist på forskning inom detta område. Vidare forskning krävs för att stärka studiens resultat och slutsats.

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  • 8.
    Aarnes, Rose-Marie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Andersson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Varför lyckas inte alla?: En studie på Hantverksprogrammet Frisör och Florist om skillnader mellan hög- och lågpresterande elever.2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our purpose with this study was to investigate whether there was any difference between high and low performing students from selected aspects such as choice of studies, achievement, self-image, motivation, confidence and career choices.

    A training professional in today's schools requires knowledge of how young people think about their lives for us to help students develop both high-and low-performing students. Students have different conditions, but no matter good or bad conditions, each individual pupil must be allowed to develop.

    The concepts used in the study are of study, self-image, motivation, achievement in the future and career choices. In the background, describes these concepts through literature study. The method we have used was semi-structured interviews. Which means a fixed structure, but with room for follow-up questions.

    The results of our study indicate that there were clear differences between high-and low-performing students. The differences suggest that the high-performing students were more conscious about their study options than low-performing students. Differences were also in the students' views of themselves,where the high-performance had a lower self- image than the low-performing students had. High performance compared each other more often with other people and was more unsure of themselves, however, the motivation was significantly higher among the high-performance students, performance showed the same results. The high-performing students had a clearer vision of the future and that they had a clearer picture of their career choice than the low-performing students.

    Discussion on how we as educators can strengthen each student based on their individual needs have been based on results of the study.

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    Rosa S Aarnes_Malin Andersson_Examensarbete_111020
  • 9.
    Aarnio, Jenny
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Erlandsson, Ida
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Kalmar - ett platsvarumärke i skuggan av Öland och Glasriket: En studie om destinationsutveckling2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Turismen i Kalmar har ökat de senaste åren, men hamnar till synes i skymundan av Öland och Glasriket. Hur får man besökare att få upp ögonen för Kalmar som primära resmålet och hur får man dem att stanna? Vi har i denna uppsats intresserat oss för att ta reda på hur ett starkt platsvarumärke skapas och vad som således krävs för att bli en framgångsrik destination, samt hur man kan använda sig av platsmarknadsföring för att nå ut med platsvarumärket till potentiella målgrupper.

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  • 10.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Digitalisering och social exklusion: Om medborgares användning av och attityder till Arbetsförmedlingens digitala tjänster2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report focuses on the users of e-government in a social science perspective. Our aim is to study how different social groups, registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service, relate to the internet, the agency and the services offered on its website (www.ams.se).

    The field of e-government research is dominated by studies that centre attention on the supply side (videlicet research investigating the entrance of IT in organizations and the implications that new technology have to these), while usercentred research (demand side) is still scarce. Our study, focusing on how citizens relate to the internet in general and e-government in particular, therefore helps to bridge a knowledge gap within the field.

    Our survey is based on a questionnaire sent to 2 000 randomly selected persons, all registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service. Of these, 762 job seekers responded, which gives us a frequency rate of 40 percent. The questions asked were related to the job seekers’ usage of and attitudes towards the internet in general and the agency’s webpage in particular, but also to their attitudes to the Swedish Public Employment Service.

    The main results show that social factors, particularly education, play a major role for the job seekers’ ability to use the web based services offered by the agency. People with a lower educational level are less inclined to use the agency’s website, and at the same time they experience the site as more complicated to use. We also found a strong link between the relations to the internet (access, usage, experience and attitudes) and the relations to the agency’s website. Those with advantaged internet relations – mostly well educated people, white collars and people living in bigger cities – also use the agency’s website more diligently and tend to have more positive attitudes towards it (and vice versa). Thus, its necessary to talk in terms of digitally well equipped and less well equipped groups.

    The unequal relations to the internet in general and the agency’s website in particular not only indicate that e-government is more suitable for the digitally well equipped, but that it in fact exclude those with less digital resources. This new kind of exclusion has great implications for the job seekers’ possibilities to enter the labour market, and to act their role as citizens. If e government also means a reformation of the citizen role – in the sense of increased individual responsibility towards the government - not bridging the digital divide will carry even more exclusion to those that’s already excluded.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 11.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Olika publiker, olika livsstilar: Om idrott, kultur och regional utveckling2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande rapport studeras vilka sociala värden som elitidrotten och kulturen genererar för invånarna i landsortspräglade län som Blekinge, Halland, Kalmar och Kronoberg. Studien syftar till att lämna ett bidrag till den samhällsvetenskapliga idrottsforskningen, och ge ökad kunskap om idrottens och kulturens betydelse för den regionala utvecklingen.

    Studiens material vilar på en postenkät skickad till 1500 slumpmässigt utvalda personer i respektive län. Det sammanlagda antalet besvarade enkäter uppgick till 3181 stycken, vilket ger en nettosvarsfrekvens på 54 procent.

    Rapporten visar bland annat att både idrott och kultur värderas relativt högt och konsumeras i relativt stor utsträckning. Beträffande idrott konsumeras främst breddidrottsliga evenemang, och vad gäller kultur besöks bibliotek och biografer oftare än exempelvis teatrar.

    Studien visar också att de kultur- respektive idrottsintresserade skiljer sig åt vad gäller demografi, men även vad gäller livsstil. De idrottsintresserade har en mer folklig och lantlig prägel, medan de kulturintresserade är att betrakta som en välutbildad kosmopolitisk grupp. Med tanke på de sistnämndas ökade rörlighet är satsningar på kultur ej att förringa. Denna typ av satsningar kan få denna resursstarka grupp att dels stanna kvar i landsorten, dels flytta in till densamma.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Abazi, Tereze
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Yttrandefrihet och koranbränningar: En kvalitativ idéanalys av hur Socialdemokraterna, Sverigedemokraterna och Moderaterna förhåller sig till skadeprincipen och institutionella perspektiv.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine how the Swedish political parties the Sweden Democrats (SD), Social Democrats (S), and the Moderates (M) relate to the principle of freedom of expression and the burning of the Quran, which has sparked a Koran crisis as well as a security crisis in Sweden in 2023. The analysis methodology applied in this study is a descriptive idea analysis, which aims to identify values, descriptions, and prescriptions conveyed by the parties during their speeches and debates. The paper also applies three theoretical perspectives:Sociological institutionalism, rational choice institutionalism and John Stuart Mill's harm principle, to explain and evaluate the parties' arguments and positions through institutional factors, rational choice, and moral principles. The study reveals noteworthy disparities in the perspectives of the parties concerning the significance of freedom of expression, the causes and consequences of the Koran burnings, and the appropriate measures to deal with the situation. This research facilitates comprehension of the political discourse and the course of action associated with a contentious and delicate topic that impacts the democracy and security of Sweden.

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  • 13.
    Abazi, Valbon
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics. Växjö University.
    Emilsson, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics. Växjö University.
    Bengtsson, Daniel
    Växjö University. Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Fallstudie på Andritz - Styrkortets utformning och användning: -2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 14.
    Abazibra, Luan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlsson Adjei, Samuel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Pojke eller flicka, alla ungdomar vill bli sedda" : En kvalitativ studie om nyexaminerade socionomers reflektioner kring att genus görs inom HVB och hur de agerar i behandlingsarbetet med ungdomarna.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Socialstyrelsen (2021) reports that 8300 children and young people in Sweden were placed on a so called HVB during 2020. HVB stands for hem för vård eller boende which in english terms is equal to a home for care or housing. HVB was during 2020 the second most common form of placement for children and adolescents. Socialstyrelsen (2018) reports that social workers working within HVB are responsible for meeting young people's care needs in the form of various treatments. Research done by Mattson (2010) suggests that HVB is a closed environment, which can result in social workers that are active in these care homes become identification objects for the young people who are placed in these care homes. 

     Treatment staff in HVB homes work with adolescents who are in need of support and help. Social workers are expected to work gender-consciously to meet the individual needs of adolescents. Previous research shows that HVB is a complex environment that requires flexibility on the part of treatment staff and that interventions do not always lead to the best results. Newly graduated social workers are expected to possess knowledge as critical awareness of how gender affects treatment work.

    We have chosen to investigate how newly graduated social workers who are active in HVB homes reflect about the fact that gender is done in treatment work and how they act with adolescents as gender awareness is part of the newly graduated social workers' education. The results of the study showed that the reflections of newly graduated social workers confirm previous research's explanation that gender is made in the treatment work with adolescents and which in turn affects how the staff's treatment work is designed. The result highlights that norms, stereotypes and gender perceptions that society produces affect the treatment work despite the social workers' gender awareness through education. Through the study, we also see the desire to counteract these gender notions and its ability to influence treatment work but that it is difficult.

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  • 15.
    Abbas, Dalia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Kero, Sanni
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Music and Art.
    Hållbar bildutveckling: En bildlärare i Sverige och en bildkonstlärare i Finlands uppfattningar om undervisning inom hållbar utveckling2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom bild- och bildkonstämnet har sparsamhet och återvinning ständigt varit en grundläggande del. På grund av de globala klimatfrågorna har hållbar utveckling blivit aktuellt inom alla livsområden, utbildningsnivåer och läroämnen. Denna studie fokuserar på värdet av bild- och bildkonstutbildning som ett komplext verktyg för att lyfta fram hållbar utveckling och dess miljöaspekter. Syftet är att ta reda på vilka möjligheter två bild- och bildkonstlärare, från Sverige och Finland, ser på ämnet i relation till miljöundervisning. Studien fokuserar på två lärares uppfattningar om bild- och bildkonstämnets möjligheter samt de värderingar som styr urvalet för innehållet. Resultatet visar att ämnet bild- och bildkonst har många olika möjligheter när det gäller undervisning inom hållbarhet som ett verktyg för att få fram de nya perspektiv som konst kan erbjuda. Avslutningsvis visade studien att lärares intresse för miljöfrågor ger dem mer inspiration, dock påverkar detta inte direkt innehållet i undervisningen.

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  • 16.
    Abbas, Sora
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Flykting Vs Flykting: En komparativ studie kring flyktingmottagandet 2015 i jämförelse med flyktingmottagandet 2022 och hur detta har påverkat det svenska samhället2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This comparative analysis is based on two theoretical frameworks, called implementation theory and agenda-setting theory, which aims to investigate how the reception of refugees from the year 2015 in Sweden differs in comparison to the reception of refugees in year 2022 as well as looks into how this has affected the Swedish society. The implementation theory focuses on how the reception of refugees is handled within political decisions and changes while the agenda-setting theory centers around how the reception of refugees in the media affected the population further analyzing how these two cases have affected the Swedish society as a whole. The material used for this analysis mostly derives from Swedish government websites and relevant articles that are applied to the chosen theories. With this, the study concludes that the reception of refugees in 2015 shows a case of failure, in relation to the implementation theory, while the reception of refugees in 2022 shows a case of success. In addition to this the reception of refugees portrayed in the media differs in 2015 compared to 2022 which resulted in immigrants from 2015 having a harder time in society as opposed to the immigrants in 2022 being more welcomed and supported in the community in accordance with the agenda-setting theory. From this the Swedish society was affected in negative ways dividing people in 2015 but changing in 2022 because of unity that influenced the community in more positive ways.

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    Examensarbete
  • 17.
    Abbasi, Amna Nisar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Religion and Foreign Policy: Traditional Islamic and Iranian Islamic counterpoise approach to regional peace2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Traditional Islamic Approach is rooted in Islamic teachings and principles, emphasizing the importance of justice, compassion, and dialogue as mean to achieve peace. In contrast, the Islamic Iranian Counterpoise Approach is a more contemporary approach that reflects the Iranian government’s national interest and aims to counteract the influence of Western Powers in the region. This study will make a comparative analysis that will examine the traditional Islamic and Islamic Iranian counterpoise approaches towards regional peace. The study also examines the similarities and differences between these two approaches, highlighting their strengths and weaknesses under the umbrella of Islamic republic of Iran. The analysis explores from the theoretical foundations of both approaches previously used by the scholars in both historical and cultural contexts, as well as their practical applications in the Middle East. The findings suggest that while both approaches have their merits, the traditional Islamic approach offers a more sustainable and inclusive approach to regional peace. This approach prioritizes peaceful conflict resolution, dialogue, and mutual respect, that is a key to fostering long-term stability and harmony in the region. In contrast, the Islamic Iranian counterpoise approach, while effective in countering external influence, may lead to increased tensions and conflicts in the region. Overall, the analysis contributes to the on-going debate on approaches to regional peace in the Middle East, providing insights into the historical and contemporary factors that shape these approaches and their implications for regional security and stability.

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    Religion and Foreign Policy
  • 18.
    Abd Alrahman, Asma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Ataei, Miragha
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Tillfällig ändring av lag för asylsökande: En kvalitativ studie om HVB-hemspersonals uppfattning av lagändringens konsekvenser för ensamkommande barn.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our study was to investigate HVB-home staff's perceptions of the temporary asylum law's impact on unaccompanied minors’ motivation for integration into Swedish society. On 24 November 2015, the government presented a temporary law to reduce the number of asylum seekers. The temporary law was intended to apply for three years and meant that Sweden went from having generous asylum legislation to following the EU's line for a minimum level for receiving asylum seekers. All asylum-seeking groups, such as refugees and people in need of protection, would receive temporary residence permits, except that there were exceptions for quota refugees who could obtain permanent residence permits. In the study, we used a qualitative method and conducted semi-structured interviews with five staff who had previously worked with unaccompanied children. Results from both interviews and previous research show that there are several factors that affect the mood of unaccompanied children and their integration into Swedish society. The study showed that previous psychological trauma, long waiting times for information about residence permits, loneliness and lack of meaningful activity had a negative impact on unaccompanied children's mood and motivation for integration.

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  • 19.
    Abd, Naimul
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Forouzan, Mona
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Overcoming social constraints for immigrantentrepreneurs in Sweden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship is in full-swing across the globe and it is widely regarded as a sustainable solution to long-unresolved economic issues like unemployment and poverty. Immigration is also a growing reality and the immigrating individuals can contribute to the new societies either by settling for a job or launching a business as an entrepreneur and in turn creating more jobs. However, social constraints are a key hurdle in the way of immigrant entrepreneurs. This paper aims to not only understand the social constraints faced by immigrant entrepreneurs but also provide a set of guidelines on how to overcome these social constraints. A qualitative research study focused on immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden was designed around this purpose and was conducted in two cities of Sweden. Entrepreneurs in the study were from diverse nationalities of origin and business sectors. Key social constraints identified through the study are cultural differences, differences in business practices, and language – all acting as a wall for foreign entrepreneurs. Networking – both business and social – is regarded as the main solution to overcome these barriers and the weight for this lies equally on state, entrepreneurship industry, and the immigrant entrepreneurs. Immigrant entrepreneurs can overcome the social constraints by also researching their business area in detail as well as marketing themselves and their businesses especially by establishing a strong and trustable social media profile. Government needs to recognize the diversity of immigrant entrepreneurship communities and create tailor-made social interaction programs for different nationalities, educational backgrounds, and business sectors. It can also project positive image of successful immigrant entrepreneurs not only to inspire other immigrant entrepreneurs but also to increase trust regarding immigrant entrepreneurs among native population. Another important step by government could be early orientation for immigrant entrepreneurs to Swedish business market. Entrepreneurship advisory industry needs to understand immigrant entrepreneurs better and organize more multi-cultural events to lower the barriers between native and immigrant communities.

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  • 20.
    Abdalatif, Fatma Alzahra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    In Search of Home; Child Soldiers in al-Shabaab's Ranks2021Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A history of fragility and conflicts in Somalia has had severe impact on the security of citizens, most notably children. Different non-state actors and armed militias have appeared in Somalia’s timeline impacting the region’s, neighboring and global security. The prevalence of child soldiers in Somalia is alarming and so is the presence of armed groups that regularly recruit them. This paper focuses on studying the causes of child recruitment from a human security lens, examining the impact of fragility in Somalia and the ways by which one particular group; al- Shabaab exploits the fragile environment to recruit children. Qualitative data from different online sources is analyzed indicating that the instability in Somalia and the recruitment of children remain closely interlinked, and human security and development in the region are compromised by corruption, poor governance, societal division, ongoing conflicts and displacement.

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  • 21.
    Abdalla, Ilham
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Soccer for immigrant girls - a means for integration?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work is a study of a project related to soccer for girls at Araby, a segregated district in Växjö. Girls can come there and play soccer under conditions acceptable for all, i. e. doors closed, no spectators and no men are allowed access. The initiative has been ongoing for a decade. Semi structured interviews of some 20 participating girls plus a few parents and brothers, show a high appreciation by the girls. The two most pronounced positive factors were the opportunity to get additional friends and a faster development of the girls’ knowledge of the Swedish language. The mothers were positive as well, n. b. sometimes after carefully investigation of the venue. It is worth noticing that mothers appear to have been decision makers within the families. The interviewed fathers were likewise in general positive. Among the brothers there were acceptance of their sisters playing soccer, respecting the decision made by the mother. It appears that the strongest resistance to the girl’s participation was indeed among boys/young men. The well-being and self-esteem of the girls appear to have been strengthen very positively by their participation. The theoretical framework is based on the concepts of acculturation and integration as outlined by Berry. 

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  • 22.
    Abdalla, Marie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Thörn, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education and Teacher's Practice.
    Flerspråkiga barns meningsskapande i mötet med den digitala plattan: En kvalitativ fältstudie i förskolan2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta självständiga arbete är att studera hur barn i en interkulturell förskola använder multimodala sätt att kommunicera med digitala och analoga spel för att skapa mening. Mer ingående handlar det om att bidra med kunskap om hur tecken inom lärande kan visas genom hur barnen använder och omskapar analoga samt digitala material utifrån sina egna intressen. Studien har inspiration från etnografi och metoden som har använts för att samla in material har genomförts med deltagande observationer i form av fältanteckningar. Analysen utgår från ett designorienterat perspektiv som används för att visa hur barn och förskollärare kommunicerar med olika teckensystem och uttryckssätt vid användning av en digital platta och analoga brickspel. Resultatet visar hur barnen skapar mening genom att titta, peka och tala, hur de använder analoga bilder för att transformera sin förståelse av siffror och antal och hur de ändrar sitt meningserbjudande. 

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  • 23.
    Abdi Azzis, Abdi Kadir Abdullahi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    GLOBALIZATION AND IMMIGRATION: IMPACT OF DONALD TRUMP’S IMMIGRATION POLICIES ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS AND IMMIGRANTS INTEGRATION2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 24.
    Abdi, Hodan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Ati, Meysa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    "If I do not provide for my family, who else will?": A qualitative study on motives behind remittances and the impact it has on Iraqi and Somali migrants in Sweden2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the World Bank’s (2019) latest Migration and Development Brief, remittances to low and middle-income countries reached a record high in 2018. This study examines Swedish migrants’ motives behind remittances and their experience with the social and economic impact of sending remittances. The purpose of this thesis is to contribute to a research-based study on Swedish-migrants’ remittances practice since Sweden lacks research about remittances. We have conducted eight semi-structured interviews with Somali and Iraqi migrants to understand their motives and experience with remittances. The results are analyzed with theories such as Lucas and Stark’s altruism, self-interest, and tempered altruism, or enlightened self-interest, as well as transnationalism. We have also analyzed the results with the social exclusion concept to understand the migrants' experience in the host country in relation to remittances. In our study, we found that the respondents’ social and cultural resources were limited. Our interviewees were socially and economically impacted by sending remittances. They are in a state where their economy is limited because of sending remittances, which makes it hard for them to maintain a certain social presence in the host country, due to their lack of free time. They do not have the same opportunities as non-migrants in Swedish society, because they prioritize work and providing for their families in Sweden and the homeland. The respondents are living in two worlds where they are keeping their transnational ties with the origin country and therefore, they are comparing their living standards with families and relatives in the home country. This prevents them from seeing or identifying themselves as socially excluded individuals of the host country. They perceive themselves as socially excluded when it comes to their economic situation, however, in general, they see themselves as socially included as they learned the language, got an education, work, provide for their families, etc. 

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  • 25.
    Abdi, Nuur Husein
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    RUSSIA - UKRAINE WAR: THE IMPACT OF THE CONTINUING RUSSIA-UKRAINE WAR ONINTERGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    RUSSIA - UKRAINE WAR
  • 26.
    Abdillahi, Mohammed
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Ghayoomi, Khaled
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Anpassning av belöningssystem under konjunkturnedgångar: – En kvalitativ studie av Länsförsäkringar, Kalmar Bilcentrum AB, Goexcellent och Swedbank2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Bakgrund: I de flesta företag och organisationer finns det idag någon form av belöningssystem som har till syfte att motivera anställda till att prestera goda resultat men också att göra företaget till en både framgångsrik och attraktiv arbetsgivare. Belöningar kan vara av olika slag, materiella, immateriella, individuella, kollektiva, omedelbara eller långsiktiga. Företag och marknaders förutsättningar kan ändras under konjunkturnedgångar vilket påverkar företagens målsättningar och strategier.

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att analysera hur företag anpassar sitt belöningssystem för att motivera sina anställda under konjunkturnedgångar.

    Metod: Studie är genomförd med kvalitativ forskningsmetod med en induktiv forskningsansats. Studien har genomförts av en semi–strukturerad intervjumetod då vi intervjuade fyra chefer från fyra olika företag.

    Slutsats: företagen väljer sitt belöningssystem av strategiskt syfte för att påverka relationen mellan företag och anställda. Vi kan även se att våra respondenter lägger stor tyngd på icke monetära belöningar för att ge anställda en inre belöning. Studien visar att tre av fyra företag som vi har studerat har blivit berörda av konjunkturnedgången vad gäller personalens motivationsnivå. Följden utav detta visar att två av dessa företag dessutom har anpassat sitt belöningssystem efter konjunkturläget.

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  • 27.
    Abdillahi, Samsam
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Socialsekreterares emotionella arbete vid fall av våld i nära relationer- En kvalitativ studie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain increased understanding of professional social workers experiences of emotional work. This is done through research questions that strive to find out what kind of emotions social workers experience in meeting with clients of domestic violence. Totally five professional social workers' participated in this qualitative interview study. In the meeting between people, emotions can arise that are not always considered appropriate to illustrate in front of a client, that is called emotional (paid) work and is characterized as a physical meeting with people that takes place face to face. Social workers who works with cases of domestic violence have to deal with different emotional experiences. They need to relate to their professional role versus themselves. It is considered important to distinguish between their own emotions and the emotions that are aroused in the professional role in order to avoid emotional strain. For example, it is common for social workers to feel sympathy because the work includes meetings with people who are exposed to domestic violence. The study showed that social workers who work with investigations with cases of domestic violence are at big risk off suffering from burnout. However this can be avoided if social worker have understanding manager and the the support of their colleagues. The data material is analyzed from emotions sociology with the help of Hochschild's theory and concepts throughout this study. Her theory contributes with an understanding of the emotional work and its meaning. 

  • 28.
    Abdoulkader, Safa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management (MAN).
    Janson, Hanna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management (MAN).
    Revisionskvalitet i familjeföretag: En studie om bolagsstyrning och revisionskvalitet i medelstora och stora familjeföretag2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Abdul, Daria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management (MAN).
    Samuelsson, Frida
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management (MAN).
    Blir ett plus ett verkligen två?: En kvalitativ fallstudie om hur en privat organisation hanterar spänningar i styrningen efter företagsförvärv2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    Master's thesis, Master of Science in Business and Economics - Controller, Linnaeus University School of Business, Växjö, spring semester 2023. 

    Title: Does one plus one really equals two? 

    A qualitative case study on how a private organization handles management control tensions after an acquisition. 

    Background & problem

    Acquisitions have become a popular approach to achieve fast and high growth. Nevertheless, it has been shown that the majority of acquisitions fail due to the difficulty of integrating the structural, cultural and strategic differences of the companies. To address these differences, it is crucial to design a management control system that considers the systems of the acquiring and acquired firms. However, existing research has not shed light on how firms should construct their control systems following a completed acquisition. The lack of interaction between the two firms eventually led to internal conflicts, also known as management control tensions. 

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study is to examine an organization's management control system both during and after a business acquisition. Particular attention has been given to identify and illustrate the tensions that have arisen in management control and to investigate the underlying reasons for their emergence. Finally, the investigation also aims to find and explain how these tensions in management control are handled within a private organization. 

    Method

    The research has investigated a private organization that carries out corporate acquisitions. The starting point for this investigation has been through a qualitative research approach with semi-structured interviews, where a case study with an explanatory character has been applied. The empirical collection has been obtained from both the acquiring and acquired companies' employees. In addition, internal documents and annual reports have been used to complement the empirical material of the study. 

    Conclusion

    The study identified five management tensions that have arisen after acquisitions; "Power to employees vs Formal structures", "Old systems vs New systems", "Old monitoring procedures vs New monitoring procedures," "Old benefits vs New benefits", "Old identity vs New identity". The emergence of these management control tensions is explained on the basis that there are contrasts in the management control systems of the acquiring and acquired company. Moreover, it is because the acquired employees had expectations that were not met after the acquisition. In addition, institutional logics have been another contributing factor, with one logic weakening the other. How these five management control tensions have been tackled depends on the circumstances and is thus context dependent. 

    Keywords: Mergers and acquisitions, integration process, formal controls, informal controls, institutional logics, management control tensions 

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  • 30.
    Abdul Majed, Mojeb
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics. Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Neemeh Attaalla, Marc
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics. Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Verksamhetsstyrning i cirkulära företag: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om vad, hur och varför2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Circular economy is a topic that has received increasing attention amongcompanies and organizations in order to increase sustainability and counteract lack ofresources. The circular economy has no definition that is widely accepted even though it iswidely used around the world. However, there is something in common between the differentdefinitions, which is that the circular economy flows like a cycle where the products andresources do not lose value and are discarded just as quickly. The concept can be seen as animproved waste management and a business model that offers a sustainable economy.Previous studies show many different definitions of the term. At company level, it is thus stillunclear what is considered circular economy. Businesses that work with circular economyneed to adapt their financial management according to previous studies. How circularcompanies manage their operations is a topic that has not yet been investigated. Previousstudies claim that you work with circular economy as it generates economic benefits whileothers believe that it is about legitimacy. Some argue that it is more costly with circulareconomy in companies. It is therefore still not entirely clear why companies work withcircular economy.Porpuse: The purpose of the thesis is to gain an understanding of what circular economymeans according to companies, how circular companies manage and why they work withcircular economy.

    Method: A qualitative interview study has been conducted in 14 different companies thatwork with circular economy.

    Conclusion: The view of circular economy is thus different in different companies, but youcan still see similarities in how companies work with circular economy. The business's focusareas in the value chain can be different depending on the industry, size, product, and materialoffering. Circular businesses combine different strategies in order to work with circularity.Circular companies have a financial management that can be related to Malmi and Brown's(2008) manage and control package. However circular businesses management is based oncircular economy. All parts of the package such as vision, strategy, and goals have to beadapted to circular economy. The management within circular companies also needs to consider the time perspective. Managing in circular companies requires that you have a long-term mindset. In most companies, the big reason for working with the circular economy is profitability. However, it can be seen that other factors can also be important, such as lawsand environmental requirements. Another reason for circular economy is pressure fromvarious stakeholders and companies' personal interest in the environment.

    Keywords: Circular economy, Cradle to Cradle, the 3R principle, financial management,control packages, formal financial management, the stakeholder model, legitimacy,contingency theory.

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  • 31.
    Abdul Rahim, Ranya
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Kommunikationsproblem på svenska apotek: Förekomst och orsak2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The word communication originates from the Latin word communicare that means to do something in common. When human beings communicate with each other, we share thoughts, emotions, values and actions. The foundation in communication is found within the interpersonal communication, which is the act of communication between two persons. All types of communications include of verbal and nonverbal acts of communication.

    The verbal communication consists of words either in speech or writing, the nonverbal act implies gestures, frequency of the tone and facial expressions.

    Within the pharmaceutical profession, good communication between the pharmacist and the customer is important and can affect the customer’s health and quality of life in both direct as well as indirect ways. In recent years, the pharmacist's role in the pharmacy has drastically changed. Nowadays the care of the customer has gained more significance than before. To improve customer health and quality of life it is important that the pharmacist acts to promote a good relationship with the customer and the foundation for this relationship should be built on good terms of communication.

    The purpose of this study was to study how common it is with communication errors between pharmacist and customer, and to demonstrate probable underlying causes. Secondary questions were, how is the drug advice the pharmacist provides affected by communication errors?

    Collection of data for the study was done with structured observation charts, where the customer and pharmacist were strictly observed. A total of 316 meetings were observed and the data collected referred to prescriptions. In more than one-third of the observed meetings, there were communication errors between the pharmacist and the customer. Communication errors that arose concerned lack of eye contact, language barriers, choice of questions, background noise from colleagues and customers and discussions from generic exchanges. To reduce future communication errors, the pharmacist's actions should be strengthened, such as eye contact, clear follow-up questions and improved feedback.

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  • 32.
    Abdulahad, Gabriella
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Kompetens är inte baserad på etnicitet och hudfärg: En kvalitativ fallstudie om fallet angående att patienter tillåts välja läkare samt tandläkare med enbart svenskt ursprung – över hela landet2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A review written by Dagens Nyheter displays that in Sweden in 2021, patients are allowed to choose a doctor and a dentist based on their ethnicity and skin color. This occurs systematically throughout the country.

    The purpose of the thesis is that with the method qualitative case study, Jan Jämte’s general review of racism as a theoretical framework and supporting material on guidelines and laws in the field, analyze whether the case regarding patients being able to choose a doctor and a dentist with only Swedish origin are counted as racism or not. Moreover, the purpose is to analyze which form (s) this case is based on. The thesis’ intention is also to analyze whether the health center and dental care violate ethical guidelines and laws.

    This study concludes that this case is a coexistence of purely biological and cultural racism. Moreover, the study concluded that healthcare and dentistry violated both laws and their own ethical guidelines.

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    Kompetens är inte baserad på etnicitet och hudfärg
  • 33.
    Abdulahiayan, Shaho
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eliassi, Razgar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Om inkludering och exkludering och ungdomars idrottsdeltagande.: Kvalitativ studie om idrottsflreningars och ideella personers arbetssätt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to study what impact sports participation has on young people and how nonprofit people and representatives of sports associations work to counter exclusion and how they contribute to inclusion. We investigated if, and if so how, participation in sports and physical activities can generate inclusion and counteract exclusion for young people. In this study we have completed six qualitative interviews with non-profit persons and representatives of sports associations. We interviewed two people who work voluntarily in sports and four people who have a leadership role in sports associations in a specific municipality. This selection was made in order for us to get a broader picture of how the strategies of non-profit and associations might differ in practice regarding exclusion and inclusion for young people. Based on our respondents' answers from the interviews, we have identified four main themes; expectations and demands, the socialization arena, working methods and the negative and positive factors of sports. We analyzed these themes based on previous research and theory sections and to our purpose and issues. The main conclusion we made was that sport contributes to community, belonging, joy, exercise, reduced risk of physical and mental illnesses and facilitates the integration of newly immigrated youth. Our conclusion regarding negative factors with sports are that young people might develop some form of eating disorder, overload their bodies if they exercise too much and that the risks of getting physical injuries might increase if they participate in sports too much. In response to our last research question, it emerges that economy might be an exclusive factor that sport associations try to prevent in different ways. The associations and the working methods of the non-profit people differ in terms of generating inclusion and counteracting exclusion.

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  • 34.
    Abdulahiayan, Shirwan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Lennmalm, Emilia
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Lörke, Nathalie
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Resultatbaserad lön för mänsklig hållbarhet: En studie av fastighetsmäklares uppfattningar 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsfråga: Hur påverkas den mänskliga hållbarheten för fastighetsmäklare av resultatbaserade löneformer?  

    Problem och syfte: Fastighetsmäklare är ett yrke som till stor del arbetar med resultatbaserade löner. Resultatbaserade löner kan argumenteras bidra med både positiva och negativa effekter för medarbetare. En negativ effekt som det argumenteras för är medarbetarnas välmående och att personalomsättning anses vara hög inom fastighetsmäklarbranschen. Vi ställer oss därför frågan hur den resultatbaserade lönen påverkar fastighetsmäklares välmående. Mänskligt välmående kan även ses som en del av social hållbarhet, men då social hållbarheten innefattar fler faktorer har vi i studien avgränsat det till tre faktorer som argumenteras vara viktiga för välmående på arbetsplatser. Faktorerna benämns tillsammans som mänsklig hållbarhet. Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur den resultatbaserade lönen påverkar anställdas välmående och den mänskliga hållbarheten.

    Metod: Studien är en jämförande studie som utgår från en deduktiv ansats. Vi har samlat in kvalitativ data med inslag av kvantitativa data genom åtta intervjuer med fastighetsmäklare som har två olika resultatbaserade löneformer, som består av öppna frågor samt attitydfrågor.  

    Slutsats: Studiens slutsats visar på att den resultatbaserade lönen inte har någon negativ påverkan på motivation och trivsel för välmående och den mänskliga hållbarheten. Den tredje faktorn hälsa visades däremot påverkas negativt för båda löneformerna. Men där skillnader för respektive löneform framkom.  

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  • 35.
    Abdulrahman, Mawj
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Dahl, Thea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    "Ett tillfälligt andrum för svenskt flyktingmottagande'': En kritisk diskursanalys om Sveriges asyllagstiftning mellan 2015–2021 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of this study is based on the legislative process of the Swedish temporary asylum law. Due to an increasing number of request for asylum in 2015, the parliament appointed a temporary asylum law to create a more restrictive migration policy. This measure was criticized by several parliamentary committees which were emphasising different negative aspects that could possibly affect the refugees. The government responded to the critics by referring to the EU minimum level and by comparison with other EU countries. In 2019 the parliament decided to extend the temporary law even though the number of asylum seekers had decreased. The main argument for this extension was to prevent an increasing amount of asylum seekers as soon as the migration policy in Sweden were to become more generous again. Previous research has shown that not long after the first proposition of the temporary asylum law the law was implemented, indicating a rushed decision made by the Swedish parliament.

    Thus is our purpose with this study to examine the political negotiations of the legislative process regarding the temporary asylum law and its extension. In addition to that the aim of the study is also to research if the extension of the law contributed to different discourses. Through a critical discourse analysis our main conclusion is that the underlying negotiations of the legislative process cover four main areas: economy and resources, EU, the asylum system and consequences. Within each field we discovered discourses that could be applicable in both the legislative process of 2016 and in the process of extension 2019. Nevertheless the result of the analysis also presented two discourses that became important parts in relation to the extension. These discourses were convention on the rights of the child and EU. Even though these discourses could be found in the first legislative process, they reach a remarkably higher state of importance in the extension of the asylum law and therefore are appointed as new since they did not held the same level of relevance before.

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  • 36.
    Abdulrahman, Sara Azad
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Radikala högerpopulister i Skandinavien: Alla är väl lika?2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Abdulroudha, Aeman
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
    Fritidspedagogers självständighet och inflytande i sin yrkesroll: En studie om fritidspedagogers yrkesroll under skoltid2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 38.
    Abdulsamed, Naeiima Farah
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Seeking protection: A case study on the urban Somali refugees in Nairobi2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ​​A massive challenge presents for host countries to manage and integrate incoming displaced people. East Africa is one of the sub-Saharan African regions experiencing an enormous refugee influx. Somalis and South Sudan refugees are a majority and are estimated to represent 80% of the refugees in Kenya; the Somali refugee crisis in Kenya is a significant problem, housing more than 200 000 Somali refugees in camps and cities. This field study aims to comprehend the integrating experience of urban Somali refugees within the scope of durable solutions. The study seeks to understand how various individual, family, and clan ties and characteristics aid urban Somali refugee integration. The theories chosen to guide this research is Sen's capability approach along with the social capital theory. This thesis has been delimited to only focus on the Urban Somali refugees living in East Leigh, Nairobi neighborhood. According to recent research, urban Somali refugees often need help with obtaining the necessary documentation to live freely and fully in their host countries. This lack of official documentation can pose significant barriers to accessing necessities such as housing and employment, making it challenging for refugees to integrate fully into their new communities. Additionally, refugees face discrimination and xenophobia, which can further impede their integration efforts. Interestingly, the study found that clan affiliation was crucial in facilitating integration, even more so than factors such as gender or social class.

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  • 39.
    Abdulwahab, Ahmed Mohamud
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    DEMOKRATINS FÖRBANNELSE: En komparativ fåfallsstudie av Somalia och Iraks demokratiseringsprocess.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this essay was to conduct two comparative analytical units called, “Most Similar System Design" (MSSD). The first unit is Somalia and the other is Iraq. The main purpose of the essay is to study deeper in Somalia and Iraq’s democratization process and also to analyse the deference’s between these two countries based on democratization-process. The essay's key questions are: How did Iraq get further into the democratization-process compared to Somalia? Why couldn't Somalia make a successful democratization process like Iraq? The essay is implemented by Dankwart A. Rustows democratization factors. The results indicated that: (i) Somalia failed in its democratization-process, due to the absence of national unity and a rapid transition. One of the main obstacles was Puntland and Somaliland which hindered the national unity of Somalia. (ii) On the other hand, Iraq was different in its democratization- process. With the support of the United States, Iraq achieved great success in the unification of Iraqi civil society the embodiment of smooth transition. (iii) Finally, the conclusion indicates that: national unity, societal norms and a rapid transition were the decisive variables.

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  • 40.
    Abdurahmanovic, Dzenana
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    ”Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register”  Petra Stenkula    : En studie av polisens externa kriskommunikation i samband med romregistret2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Titel                                   

    ”Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register” Petra Stenkula

    En fallstudie av polisens externa kriskommunikation i samband med romregistret

     

    Syfte             

    Syftet är att lämna ett bidrag till den svenska forskningen om kriskommunikation men även att bidra till den svenska samhällsdebatten om polisen som en central rättsmyndighet och deras hantering av romregisterkrisen.

     

    Metod          

    Via en kvalitativ metod analysers nyheter publicerade på polisens webbplats och polisens presskonferenser utifrån de valda teoretiska ramarna inom ämnet kriskommunikation.

     

    Resultat        

    Polisens kriskommunikation framstår som väldigt strategilös, under hela krisen ägnar sig polisen åt                               informationsinsamling för att förstår krisen och få en överblick över situationen men under tiden glömmer                     de den strategiska delen. Polisen är väldigt restriktiv i sin kriskommunikation, på webbplatsen är nyhetspubliceringarna rörande romregistret väldigt korta och konkreta, vissa är rena informationsanvisningar. Polisen förde även en inkonsekvent kriskommunikation, när Rikspolisstyrelsen pratade om analysfil som inte var i fas med lagstiftningen så pratade Skånepolisen om beslut ifrån år 2009 om tillstånd att upprätta den särskilda analysfilen. I sin kriskommunikation använder polisen många olika försvarsstrategier ifrån Corporate Apologia och Image Repair Theory. Strategierna som användes för att upprätthålla image var för många och olika för att uppfattas som trovärdiga medan polisen utförde i teorin en perfekt apologia. Polisen beklagade situationen, berättade om vilka åtgärder som skulle utföras och Justitiekanslern beslutade om kompensation till de drabbade.

     

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    "Det beror ju på vad man vill lägga i ordet register" Petra Stenkula
  • 41.
    Abed, Marwa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    En studie om tvåspråkiga elever i skolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att synliggöra hur en tvåspråkig undervisning kan utformas samt hur lärare arbetar med tvåspråkighet i skolan. Målsättning är att öka förståelsen för tvåspråkiga elevers situation i skolan. Jag har jämfört olika teorier och faktorer som handlar om tvåspråkighet och tvåspråkiga elever.Datainsamlingen genomfördes genom klassrumsobservationer och kvalitativa intervjuer av elever och lärare. , detta genom att observera samt intervjua utvalda elever och lärare.Resultatet visade att det sociokulturella perspektivet spelar en viktig roll för tvåspråkiga elevers inlärning och utveckling i skolan. Relationen mellan hemmet och skolan samt elevens kultur påverkar starkt inlärningen av det nya språket. Tydligheten av lärarnas arbetssätt i undervisningen samt kopplingen till elevers kunskaper och erfarenheter påverkar också elevers motivation i skolan.

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  • 42.
    Abedali, Besma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Karlstrand, Moa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    ”Man ska vara den man är, men man blir lite större”: En kvalitativ studie om hur boendepersonal på HVB för ensamkommande barn förstår och omsätter begreppet ”integration”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the concept of “integration” within residential care homes for unaccompanied children. More specifically its aim was to find out how the social workers themselves within residential care homes for unaccompanied children understand the concept of integration and how they work for it. The study was based on a qualitative semi-structured interviews with seven social workers within four residential care homes for unaccompanied children. Six themes were identified that seemed to play a role in the discussions about integration: development-acceptance, learning process, communication & relationships, process, personality and common sense. The analysis was based on previous research in the field and the theory of action by Pierre Bourdieu called practical reason. As a conclusion the first three themes can be seen as an understanding of the concept of “integration”. The last three themes exemplify the practical integration work. Despite the lack of regulatory documents, the social workers show a common understanding of the concept and a similar implementation which can be explained by a dominant implicit doxa within the field.

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    "Man ska vara den man är, men man blir lite större"
  • 43.
    Abedin, Pedram
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Pihl, Oskar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy.
    Ungdomar på SiS-institution: -Personalens uppfattning om och upplevelser av aggressivt beteende2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att få en inblick och förståelse för personalens uppfattningar om och upplevelser av ungdomars aggressiva beteenden som befinner sig på en SiS-institution. Dessutom har personalens bemötande gentemot dessa ungdomar belysts från svaren och resultaten av frågeställningarna. En kvalitativ forskningsmetod med utgångspunkt från hermeneutiken användes för att utföra studien tillsammans med semistrukturerade intervjuer med ett antal respondenter från en SiS-institution. von Wrights (2000) relationella och punktuella perspektiv användes som teoretisk utgångspunkt till studien. Resultatet redovisar att respondenterna uppfattade, upplevde och erfarar att ungdomarna som placeras vid institutionen minst någon gång under vistelsen uppvisar ett aggressivt beteende. Det kan även ses i resultatet att personalen upplever att dessa ungdomar i de flesta fall har många av de faktorer som orsakar ett aggressivt beteende med sig till institutionen från deras bakgrund och familjesituation.

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    Ungdomar på SiS-institution
  • 44.
    Abell, Annika
    et al.
    University of Tennessee, USA.
    Lund, Kaisa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing and Tourism Studies (MTS).
    How Can a Product Display Lead to Healthier Choices?: Horizontal and Vertical Organization of Foods and Beverages2023In: Society for Consumer Psychology Annual Conference 2023, San Juan, Puerto Rico, March 2-4, Society for consumer psychology , 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Abell, Annika
    et al.
    University of Tennessee, USA.
    Lund, Kaisa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing and Tourism Studies (MTS).
    Biswas, Dipayan
    University of South Florida, USA.
    Can a Complement-Based Organization Lead to Healthier Choices?: Horizontal and Vertical Display of Foods and Beverages2022In: AMA Winter AcademicConference 2022: Reconnecting and Reconceiving theMarketplace / [ed] Humphreys, A. et al., American Marketing Association, 2022, Vol. 33, p. 224-227Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Abelli, Annika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Promotionsarbete med unga i förorten: - En kvalitativ fallstudie av RGRA, Rörelsen gatans röst & ansikte2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This studie explores how a promotive youth movement that aims to activate adolescents in economically and socially exposed areas, can affect the youth’s participation in society and oppose their experience of stigmatization. The youth movement, whom is being studied, uses urban art expressions as a mean to engage and motivate the adolescents. The empirism has mostly been collected by a limited participatory observation, and through qualitative interviews with staff and adolescents in the movement. The result has been analyzed through Pierre Bourdieus field theory. To summarise, field theory consists in the hypothesis that the individual is socialized in to his or her way of thinking and being (habitus), based on in which circumstances the individual is raised (in which field). Habitus affects the choices the individual makes throughout life. An individuals habitus is affected by three types of capital, which Bourdieu has named economical-, social-, and cultural capital. This essay analyzes how the promotive youth movement contributes to the adolescent’s social- and cultural capital. I have found that this largely happens by giving the adolescents different types of tools to be seen and heard, based on the concept of hip hop as a political instrument. The most prominent tool in the everyday activities is the opportunity to record music in a professional studio. Other tools that are used are the opportunity to host the movements own radio show, participate in the arranging of different types of events, and such. I have also found that the support from an extra adult and the connection within the movement are central providers of social capital.

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  • 47.
    Abelmazovs, Ivans
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Engström, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Response strategies of traditional firms indisruptive times.: A case study on sustainable strategies of the hotel industry in response tothe sharing economy evolution.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Traditional firms within mature markets are challenged, as they have to rely a lot on adaptation of new technologies in order to keep their service sales among consumers and survive in a highly competitive globalized environment. One of the examples of a mature industry is the hotel industry, in which sustainability is a vital necessity, however implementation efforts are slow. Nowadays, a business shift is occurring from traditional to disruptive innovation models. One such model is that of the sharing economy. The aim of this thesis therefore targets the finding of the understanding and reaction, by analyzing and describing actions, of traditional hotel firms for sustaining their business in times when sharing economy firms become increasingly influential on the traditional business.

    Design/methodology/approach - An abductive approach was followed throughout the thesis spanning a qualitative data analysis of the empirical base of the study, which consisted of six semi- structured interviews of traditional hotel firms that were chosen through theoretical sampling. The multiple and holistic case study setup is a means of explaining response strategies in the hotel industry.

    Findings - The findings are that while some are aware of the growing impact of sharing economy on the mature industry, few firms have concrete strategies to sustain their own business in the light of the upcoming challenges. Moreover, the interviewed firms have lost large percentages of their traditional direct sales channels, making it essential to sell increasingly through online channels and third party providers such as online travel agencies. This adds to the challenge that the service offerings of sharing economy firms and established firms are becoming more comparable to each other, making it easier for the customer to compare directly which choice is preferable. The empirical data suggests that this is of relevance for both the leisure and business segment of travelers. However, there were also positive effects found, that the sharing economy is an opportunity for traditional firms to learn and for travel destinations to be boosted through increased supply and variety.

    Research limitations/implications - The chosen case study setup is a means of explaining responses from the hotel industry due to the sharing economy. However, there is an indication that a similar phenomenon can occur in a different mature industry, such as the taxi industry with Uber or the financial industry with Bitcoin. Moreover, this case had hotel firms operating on a 3-star level or higher, which imposes potential limitations for the applicability. However, for the research implications this thesis includes a model that contains theoretical description of a practical phenomenon within a shifting context.

    Practical implications - Traditional businesses must find new ways to highlight their unique values, core competences and what most significantly distinguishes their offering, for example beyond being an accommodation provider, in order to develop a sustainable business that can withstand the challenges in the 21st century. It is recommended for firms to assess their position in the market, their customers and competitors to decide on which strategy is best suited, as it may vary with every firm. Analogous, it is not recommended to rest on previous successes.

    Originality/value - Increasing influence of the sharing economy forces traditional firms to respond with their own strategic countermeasures. However, the response of traditional firms to the impact of sharing economy firms is not well described and has empirically been insufficient. In this way, the thesis contributes to the existing research on the sharing economy and its impact by studying the consequences for and responses of firms in a mature industry. Therefore, it addressed challenges in theory all well as in practice for the affected businesses. The finding and combination of response strategies in this thesis presents a valuable contribution to academia and practical implications for the mature industries.

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    Response strategies of traditional firms in disruptive times
  • 48.
    Abid, Umair
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Ahmed, Bilal
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Semwoul, Shamaoun
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Managing Finished Goods Inventory at regional level: A case study on Dalda Foods (Pvt.) Ltd. Pakistan2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 49.
    Abo Sabih, Sara
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Sutarzewicz, Emil
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Utveckling och förbättring av inköpsprocessen för transporter: En fallstudie på Wexiödisk AB i Växjö2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Development and improvement of the purchasing process for transports. A case study at Wexiödisk Ab in Växjö. 

    Background: An increasing number of companies choose not to perform transportation on their own and instead collaborate with third-party logistics companies. The purchasing process for transports is the process that ensures that the transport services for thecustomers are purchased. Wexiödisk experiences some problems regarding the purchasing process for transports in the form of lack of knowledge about the process’s activities, problems with standardization and feels that it is done in an old-fashioned way. This leads to waste, problems with delegation and inefficiency. An increased degree of outsourcing often leads to increased cost savings, but it is difficult to capture how costs change from managing the process internally to being managed by a third party.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify non-value creating activities that currently occurs in the purchasing process for transports by mapping the process, with the intention of developing and proposing improvement work. The purpose is also to identify and investigate how costs change and what factors may affect them in a potential outsourcing of the purchasing process for transports in SME, and to develop a cost model for identifying these costs.

    Method: This study is a one-case study using qualitative methods. Relevant data for the study were collected using un- and semi-structured interviews and as well as on-site observations. First, the process maps were created for the process for each market with theaim to create knowledge about the process’s activities and identifying non-value-creating activities. Subsequently, improvement proposals were identified to reduce waste. At the end, possible outsourcing of the process is analyzed and cost changes that can occur.

    Conclusions: The purchasing process for transport at Wexiödisk is characterized by anumber of manual work steps and short comings in the information flow that leads to waste, especially in the form of overworking. There are more non-value-creating activities regarding the process for the foreign market than the Swedish one. Improvement proposals that have been identified and can reduce waste are in form of digitalization and development of existing business systems and increased integration. Even increased standardization. Even increased standardization of the process can have positive effects on the process and a tool to achieve it is 5S. Several costs were identified by managing the process internally, especially indirect costs. The highest cost is personnel costs for the transport manager. Costs that may be incurred in outsourcing of the process were categorized into five categories, namely contract-related costs, transaction costs, entertainment and service costs, risk costs and hidden costs. These costs depend on various factors and the size may be greater or lower depending on different conditions.

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  • 50.
    Abou Abboud, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Youth workers experiences of how adolescence in the suburbs can be included in society2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to increase knowledge about leisure leaders' experiences of and opportunities to counteract exclusion and crime among young people in socially disadvantaged suburban areas, and what risk and protection factors they perceive to be important for exclusion and crime. The study is of a qualitative method based on hermeneutic theory of science. Four interviews were conducted with leisure leaders divided into three leisure centers. The correspondents consisted of three men and a woman of different ages and with varying work experience and varying ethnicities. The intention with the correspondents and the choice of a semi-structured interview guide was to gain an increased perspective on the chosen topic. The results indicate that the various systems in Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory have a strong impact on young people in socially disadvantaged areas. The different system theories have protective and risk factors for the youth.

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    Fritidsledares erfarenheter om hur ungdomar i förorten kan inkluderas i samhället
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