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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Stephanie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Hermansson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vilka faktorer upplevs som begränsande för unga kvinnors sexualitet utifrån ett genuspsykologiskt perspektiv?: En studie med tio intervjuer av kvinnor i åldrarna 25-30 år2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka om och i sådana fall vilka faktorer som unga heterosexuella kvinnor upplevde som begränsande för sin sexualitet. Med hjälp av semistrukturerade intervjuer undersöktes i denna kvalitativa studie hur dessa deltagare upplevde sin sexualitet utifrån tre huvudområden; sociala strukturer, normer samt psykisk hälsa. Teorin “sexual scripting theory” applicerades på de tre huvudområdena, då paralleller drogs mellan dessa och teorins tre huvudbegrepp “cultural scripts”, “interpersonal scripts” och “intrapsychic scripts”. Resultatet av denna studie visade att patriarkala strukturer, samhällsideal, jämförelser med andra, förväntningar och föreställningar om kvinnans utseende samt beteende var hämmande för deltagarnas sexualitet. Resultatet visade även att det fanns tydliga samband mellan sexualiteten och den psykiska hälsan. Negativa sexuella erfarenheter upplevdes påverka deltagarnas psykiska hälsa och blev hämmande för framtida sexuella upplevelser. Många begränsande faktorer identifierades utifrån resultatet i denna studie och en inblick i deltagarnas förhållande till sin sexualitet utforskades. 

  • 2.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gunnarsson, Helena E. M.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stening, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Does physical pain impair abstract thinking?2017In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 748-754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to think abstractly constitutes a fundamental dimension of human cognition. Although abstraction has been extensively studied, its emotional and affective antecedents have been largely overlooked. One experiment was conducted to examine whether physical pain affects abstraction. Drawing on Construal Level Theory [Trope, Y., & Liberman, N. (2010). Construal-level theory of psychological distance. Psychological Review117, 440–463] and Loewenstein’s [(1996). Out of control: Visceral influences on behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes65, 272–292] visceral factors theory, we hypothesised that pain impairs abstraction because pain constricts people’s mental horizons and lead to a concrete, inward-focus toward oneself in the here and now. Physical pain was manipulated between subjects (N = 150). The participants either kept their left hand immersed in cold (painful) water or neutral (painless) water while we measured abstract versus concrete behaviour identification, categorisation, and perceptual processing. Bayesian statistical analyses indicate substantial evidence against the hypothesis that pain impairs abstraction. In contrast to many other previously studied cognitive outcomes (e.g. attention), abstraction appears to be largely immune to acute, experimentally induced pain.

  • 3.
    Ahlström, Salina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Anställningsformer och upplevd stress: Påverkar individers anställningsvillkor deras upplevda stressnivå?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det finns ett samband mellan upplevd stress och anställningsform. Studien presenterade tre hypoteser: 1) Individer med fast anställning upplever mindre stress än individer med andra anställningsformer, 2) Anställningsform/anställningsvillkor påverkar upplevd stress i skalan PSS-14, 3) Kön, ålder, utbildning, arbetstid och familjesituation påverkar upplevd stress av arbetsförhållanden enligt stressskalan PSS-14. Studien genomfördes med hjälp av en kvantitativt enkätundersökning som distributerades online med stresskalan PSS-14 som underlag. Totalt besvarade 157 personer enkäten om stress och arbete, 122 deltagare angav att de var kvinnor och 34 män. T-test för oberoende variabler genomfördes. T-testen visade att det inte fanns signifikanta skillnader mellan anställningsform, ålders, civilstånd, kön eller arbetstid.

  • 4.
    Bakardjiev, Victor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Talent Management at Daimler Financial Services: An investigation into the determinants of human resource development effectiveness in a specific organizational context2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the concept was popularized by McKinsey & Company in the late 1990s, talent management initiatives have been pushed with urgency to the forefront of organizational priorities, and businesses have exerted considerable effort in locating and developing the upper echelon talent pools. Much emphasis has been put on the need to identify and attract top talent, focus has shifted away from developing ordinary talent into extra-ordinary talent through broad human resource development initiatives. This research examines a global training initiative implemented in a multi-national corporation, and sets out to identify the primary impediments to its effectiveness. After a literature review, and a focus group, six factors were identified as crucial to this situation: accuracy, communication, feedback, motivation, organizational support, and time. A survey was then disseminated to the relevant organizational members to identify which of these six issues was the most pressing. Based on the results, the author concludes by extrapolating the potential organizational implications, as well as providing some accommodating solutions.

  • 5.
    Bengtsson, Hans
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Söderström, Micael
    Af Chapmangymnasiet.
    Terjestam, Yvonne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The Structure and Development of Dispositional Compassion in Early Adolescence2016In: Journal of Early Adolescence, ISSN 0272-4316, E-ISSN 1552-5449, Vol. 36, no 6, p. 840-873Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Compassion may be directed towardat a broad range of targets. The present study investigated interrelations among other-directed compassion, self-compassion and environmental compassion in early adolescence (age 12-14; n = 256) and examined how the different manifestations of compassion were related to age and sex during this age period. Acts of Ccompassion directed at different targets were[1]  assessed through self-reports and peer nominations. SEM-analysis supported a model that displayedportrayed compassion toward self, others and the environment as three distinct, but interrelated factors. Other-directed compassion and environmental compassion were higher in girls than in boys. There was a decrease in self-compassion with age, which was linked to negative self-perceptions in 13- and 14-year-old girls. The roles of experience and cognitive factors in linking different forms of compassion were discussed.

  • 6.
    Bjäremo, Svante
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Forsén, Mattias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Återkallning av Meningsbärande Enheter med Hjälp av Stödord och Internet: Ett kvasiexperiment för att undersöka återkallning av semantiskt meningsbärande enheter med externa hjälpmedel2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current study sought to examine if post-produced semantic memory cues are a good aid for memory recall. It also focused on remembering units with a meaning, instead of just remembering lists of words. In the current study a factual text was used where the participants were tasked with recalling as much information as possible either with the aid of cues (keywords written by the participants themselfs), computer with Internet or no aids at all. The results showed that keywords are significantly better for memory recall. The results were discussed in regards to modern models describing semantic memory. The study method was thoroughly analyzed because of its novel design.

  • 7.
    Brodin, Eva
    Filosofiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Kognition hos hundar i relation till en spädbarnsstudie:: Habituering och förståelse av kausala samband2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Bäckhed, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Törmänen, Isabella
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader i arbetstillfredsställelse mellan arbetare och tjänstemän2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine if blue- and white collar workers differ in self-rated job-satifaction  and  also to find out if job-satisfacaction can be predicted by gender, age, period of employment and union affiliation. The study was performed at a state university in southern Sweden. The sample consisted of 80 employees from four different departments, the accounting department, the department of human reosurces, the IT department and the service department. Of these were 26 blue collar-workers and 54 white collar-workers based on union affiliation. The questionnaire was about psychosocial work environment (PAK) and is based on the test of Sigvard Rubenowitz. The test measures job-satisfaction by five different scales, self-control, work management, working community, work incentive and work load. Statistical analysis with t-test and multiple regression analysis revealed a significant difference between blue collar workers and white collar workers where white collar-workers felt more work incentive, more self-control and felt a higher work load. The result also revealed that period of employment was a significant predictor for work load and age was a significant predictor for work management and work incentive.

  • 9.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University.
    Carlsson, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Rooth, Dan-Olof
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Backlash and hiring: A field experiment on agency, communion, and gender2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender stereotypes describe women as communal and men asagentic. Laboratory based research (Rudman & Glick 1999; 2001)suggests that trying to disconfirm such descriptive genderstereotypes (e.g., women self-promoting their agency), entails therisk of hiring discrimination due to violation of prescriptive genderstereotypes: a backlash. To examine whether backlash occurs whenapplying for real jobs, we conducted a field experiment. Gender,agency and communion were manipulated in the personal profile of5,562 applications sent to 3,342 job openings on the Swedish labormarket. The dependent variable was whether the applicationresulted in an invitation to a job interview or not. The results do notoffer any support for the backlash hypothesis at this stage in therecruitment process.

  • 10.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Schimmack, Ulrich
    University of Toronto Mississauga, Canada.
    Williams, Donald
    University of California Davis, USA.
    Bürkner, Paul-Christian
    University of Münster, Germany.
    Bayes Factors From Pooled Data Are No Substitute for Bayesian Meta-Analysis: Commentary on Scheibehenne, Jamil, and Wagenmakers (2016)2017In: Psychological Science, ISSN 0956-7976, E-ISSN 1467-9280, Vol. 28, no 11, p. 1694-1697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scheibehenne, Jamil, and Wagenmakers (2016; SJW) recently introduced Bayesian evidence synthesis (BES). They used it to combine evidence from seven published studies that examined the influence of social-norm messages on hotel towel reuse rates. Although most of the original studies provided non-significant results (p-value > .05), BES provided strong support for the effect (Bayes factor = 37). We think that this conclusion is wrong. We demonstrate that BES is inherently flawed because it pools data in a way that is vulnerable to a Simpson’s paradox, and that a Bayesian meta-analysis that avoids this problem produces weaker evidence. 

  • 11.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Sinclair, Samantha
    Lund University.
    Prototypes and same-gender bias in perceptions of hiring discrimination2018In: Journal of Social Psychology, ISSN 0022-4545, E-ISSN 1940-1183, Vol. 158, no 3, p. 285-297Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigated the relative importance of two explanations behind perceptions of gender discrimination in hiring: prototypes and same- gender bias. According to the prototype explanation, people perceive an event as discrimination to the extent that it fits their preconceptions of typical discrimination. In contrast, the same-gender bias explanation asserts that people more readily detect discrimination toward members of their own gender. In four experiments (n = 797), women and men made considerably stronger discrimination attributions, and were moderately more discouraged from seeking work, when the victim was female rather than male. Further, a series of regressions analyses showed beliefs in discrimination of women to be moderately correlated with discrimination attributions of female victims, but little added explanatory value of participant gender, stigma consciousness, or feminist identification. The results offer strong support for the prototype explanation. 

  • 12.
    Colldin, Olivia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Luzha, Ilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Munsef, Nancy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Vilket studieår är studenter mest stressade?: En kvanitativ studie om upplevd stress bland universitetsstudenter i olika studieår2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that students transition from high school to university can lead to different levels of stress. However, there is no consensus of how the students’ stress levels develops throughout the years they study at a university. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine if there was a diffence in perceived stress between first year, second year, and third year students at a university in Sweden. A quantitative approach was applied, where the data was gathered through the Perceived Stress Scale 14 that was supplemeted with a selfconstructed self-rating scale and demographic questions. A total of 126 students participated in the survey where 41 were first-year students, 41 were second-year students, and 44 were third-year students. The empirical data was analyzed with the help of Karasek and Theorell’s (1990) job demand-controlsupport model and previous research. The result showed that there was no significant difference in perceived stress between the students in the different study-years, however, all students’ experienced a high level of stress.

  • 13.
    Durante, Federica
    et al.
    University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Fiske, Susan T.
    Princeton University, USA.
    Gelfand, Michele
    University of Maryland, USA.
    Crippa, Franca
    University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Suttora, Chiara
    University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Stillwell, Amelia
    Stanford University, USA.
    Asbrock, Frank
    Chemnitz University of Technology, Germany.
    Aycan, Zeynep
    Koc University, Turkey.
    Bye, Hege
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Björklund, Fredrik
    Lund University.
    Dagher, Munqith
    Independent Institute for Administration and Civil Society Studies, Jordan.
    Geller, Armando
    Scensei, Switzerland.
    Larsen, Christian Albrekt
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Latif, Abdel-Hamid Abdel
    The Egyptian Research and Training Center, Egypt.
    Mähönen, Tuuli Anna
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga
    University of Helsinki, Finland.
    Teymoori, Ali
    University of Bordeaux, France.
    Ambivalent stereotypes link to peace, conflict, and inequality across 38 nations2017In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 114, no 4, p. 669-674Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A cross-national study, 49 samples in 38 nations (n = 4,344), inves- tigates whether national peace and conflict reflect ambivalent warmth and competence stereotypes: High-conflict societies (Pakistan) may need clearcut, unambivalent group images distinguishing friends from foes. Highly peaceful countries (Denmark) also may need less ambivalence because most groups occupy the shared national identity, with only a few outcasts. Finally, nations with interme- diate conflict (United States) may need ambivalence to justify more complex intergroup-system stability. Using the Global Peace Index to measure conflict, a curvilinear (quadratic) relationship be- tween ambivalence and conflict highlights how both extremely peaceful and extremely conflictual countries display lower stereo- type ambivalence, whereas countries intermediate on peace-conflict present higher ambivalence. These data also replicated a linear inequality–ambivalence relationship. 

  • 14.
    Enerdal, Annelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Börjesson, Andrea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Kvinnliga polisstudenters erfarenheter och upplevelser.: En kvalitativ studie med fokus på genus, kön och yrkesroll.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att utforska vilka erfarenheter och upplevelser kvinnliga polisstudenter hade av kön och genus under polisutbildningen. Data samlades in genom intervjuer med fyra kvinnliga polisstudenter. Materialet analyserades därefter utifrån den kvalitativa analysmetoden tematisk analys. Ur den tematiska analysen konstruerades fyra huvudteman: Bilden av en polis, Den kvinnliga polisen, Uppfattningar om jämlikhet samt Genusfrågornas plats på polisutbildningen. Studiens deltagare målade upp en komplex bild kring hur de upplevde att en kvinnlig polisstudent “skall vara”. Vissa slutsatser som denna studie drar faller i linje med tidigare forskning inom området. Detta då det föreföll som att föreställningar och normer för hur en polis “skall vara” fortsätter att påverka de kvinnliga studenterna på polisutbildningen. Vidare resultat från denna studie visar på att kvinnliga polisstudenter upplevde att den pågående rörelsen inom polisutbildningen mot ett mjukare förhållningssätt med högre värdering av traditionellt mer feminina egenskaper var positivt märkbar.

  • 15.
    Engström, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Viljan till förändring : Har beroendebehandlare i Sverige ett medvetet sätt att framkalla och underhålla motivationen hos klienterna? Utifrån ett SDT-perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet handlar om motivation inom beroendevården i Sverige. Beroende av alkohol och andra droger har arbetats med i flera tusen år på olika sätt och med olika framgång. Allt ifrån inlåsningar på psykiatriska institutioner till elchocker. Syftet med denna studie var att se om behandlare i Sverige har speciella medvetna strategier i sättet de jobbar på för att väcka motivation hos klienterna till fortsatt behandling.

       En större del av de tillfrågade (87 %) uppgav att de använder en speciell metod eller har en speciell tanke innan ett första möte. Flertalet av dessa använder sig av motiverande samtal eller lågaffektivt bemötande.    Flera av de tillfrågade ansåg att vara lyhörd och förmedla tillit var de viktigaste sakerna i ett första bemötande med en ny klient.

       Det finns stöd för att behandlare inom beroendevården i Sverige använder sig av specifika metoder i ett möte med klienten. Flera av dessa metoder finner stöd i tidigare forskning och litteratur i att vara främjande för att skapa känslor av autonomitet, samband/släktskap och kompetens. Enligt Self-Determination theory (jfr. Deci & Ryan, 2008) kan detta ses som något som något som är nödvändigt för att kunna bygga en stark inre motivation. Studier visar att en stark inre motivation är positivt för att kunna tillgodogöra sig behandlingen.

  • 16.
    Estling, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Ståhl, Rosita
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Kasam: Graden av Kasam hos polisstudenter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The main purpose of this quantitative survey was to investigate if police students at Linné University of Växjö would have a higher degree of Sense of Coherence (SOC) in comparison to a random control group of other students at Linné University. The secondary purpose was to determine if there are any gender differences. The students answered 29 questions on the Likert scale 1-7 from the Kasam-29 questionnaire. The result showed that police students had an average higher degree of Sense of Coherence, but that gender had no effect. The total of respondents was 92, distributed on 54 police students; 37 men and 17 women. The control group consisted of  38 randomly chosen students, 16 men and 22 women. The uneven quantity of respondents between the groups and genders did not have any significant influence. 

  • 17.
    Farjam, Mike
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Kirchkamp, Oliver
    University of Jena, Germany.
    Bubbles in hybrid markets: How expectations about algorithmic trading affect human trading2018In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 146, p. 248-269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bubbles are omnipresent in lab experiments with asset markets. Most of these experiments are conducted in environments with only human traders. Since today's markets are substantially determined by algorithmic trading, we use a laboratory experiment to measure how human trading depends on the expected presence of algorithmic traders. We find that bubbles are clearly smaller when human traders expect algorithmic traders to be present.

  • 18.
    Glinka, Kristoffer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Human Resource Management: En korrelationsstudie om upplevt organisationsstöd och psykologiska kontrakt.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between employer and employee is, from a judicial point of view, governed primarily by economic and employment contracts. However, a significant part of the dynamic is also dictated by tacit expectations and promises (so called psychological contracts). The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between perceived organizational support (POS) and psychological contract violation. Primary hypothesis assumed that there was a correlation between higher perceived organizational support and a reduction of feelings of violation from psychological contract breach. It was also assumed that employment time, sex and past breach experiences correlated with feelings of violation. Surveys were used to gather empirical data. Respondents consisted of 62 municipal employees, mainly in the education sector. Results showed a moderate relationship between POS and feelings of violation. No other significant correlations were found. This paper therefore argues for the importance of promoting good organizational support to its employees, which ultimately also improves organizational well-being and efficiency.

    Keywords: Work, organizational, psychology, human resource management, HR, psychological contract, organizational support, emotions, affects.

  • 19.
    Grundén, Ellinor
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Findahl, Rebecca
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö hos högstadielärare: En kvantitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The teachers in Sweden experience a great pressure from different directions and previous studies has shown that social and organizational factors in their work are a major cause of mental illness. The experience of the psychosocial work depends on what level the individual experience psychological demands, control and social support. The purpose of this study was to see how secondary school teachers experience the psychosocial work environment in their workplace and if there is any difference depending on if they work in a bigger or smaller school. This study was conducted among secondary school teachers from six schools in southern Sweden where 69 teachers participated, 27 from bigger schools and 42 from smaller schools. To measure this QPS-Nordic34+ was used and also background questions and three added questions which concerned the desired social support. The psychosocial work environment among the participants looked good in general. The result did not show any statistically significant difference between the smaller and bigger schools concerning the experience of the psychosocial work environment or desired social support. But there were significant correlations between age, number of years as a teacher, number of years at current workplace and the experience of the psychosocial work environment.

  • 20.
    Gunnarsson, Helena E. M.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    The influence of different pain states on pain perception and cognitive functions2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this thesis was to investigate the effect of different pain stateson pain perception and cognition.In the first study, the effect of different pain qualities (duration, persistence, andintensity) on deep pressure pain thresholds in a pain-free body part among patientswith acute pain, long-lasting regularly recurrent pain, and long-lasting persistentpain, and pain-free controls was investigated. Such general deep pressure painthresholds were only significantly lower in the group with long-lasting persistentpain when compared to the healthy controls, suggesting that deep tissuehypersensitivity primarily occurs in patients with long-lasting, persistent pain.In the second study, the relationship between the same pain qualities and cognitiveperformance in the form of sustained attention, cognitive control, and psychomotorability was investigated. Overall, patients with long-lasting, persistent pain showedcognitive impairment on a wider range of cognitive tasks compared to patients withacute or long-lasting, regularly recurrent pain, using pain free controls asbenchmark. The results further suggest that persistence and duration, rather thanpain intensity, contribute to impaired cognitive function in clinical musculoskeletalpain states.In the third study, the effect of acute, experimental pain on abstraction wasexamined in a laboratory experiment where pain was induced with a cold pressorapparatus. The results were consistent with the null hypothesis, suggesting thatabstraction is immune to acute, experimental pain.In the fourth study, the correlation between clinical pain, abstraction and selfcontrolwas examined in patients suffering from musculoskeletal pain of differentduration, persistence and intensity. The results suggest that abstract thinking isreduced with increasing pain intensity and pain persistence. This was also the casefor self-control, although depression seems to mediate this relationship.In conclusion, compared to other pain states, patients who experience long-term,persistent pain, seem to suffer from a broader range of impaired cognitive abilities.Further, deep tissue hypersensitivity seems to develop in patients with long-termpersistent pain, but not in other pain states, which may contribute to the impairedcognitive performance observed in this patient group. The results have importantpractical implications for patients in the clinic and their everyday lives.

  • 21.
    Gyllensvaan, Emil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    ”Då, när jag förstod att en människa kan göra en sån grej... då var jag slagen i bitar.”– Sju samtalsterapeuters upplevelser av det svåra i mötet med klienter och hur de använder mindfulness för att hantera svårigheterna.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Hatic, Amer
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Popovici Valenzuela, Mikaela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Läser jag bättre eller minns jag bra?: Grundskoleelevers förmåga till ordavkodning vid upprepad mätning och förekomst av igenkänningseffekt i LäSt2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 20% of the population suffer from a reading- or writing disability. In order to aid students with such disabilities reliable and valid reading tests are warranted. LäSt is a Swedish standardised reading test currently well-used nationally to measure children’s ability to decode words. Decoding encompasses the making of connections between single letters and words and their correct sounds, and therefore constitutes a central technical aspect of reading. There is evidence to show that some common psychological tests, including reading tests, display a retest-effect, whereby individual’s results increase over time as a result of repeated test administration. The aim of the current study is to investigate whether such a retest-effect is pronounced when LäSt is repeatedly administered to a sample of students in year 4 and 6. 

    In sum, 92 students from 4 different schools in Sweden took part in the study. They completed LäSt at three separate times during a time interval of 8 weeks. Testing 1 was completed in the first week, testing 2 was completed in the second week, and testing 3 was completed in the eight week. 

    A significant retest-effect was found indicating that students’ results on LäSt increased with each administration. There was no difference in retest-effect between boys and girls, students in year 4 and year 6, or monolingual and multilingual students. A significant difference emerged between students who had a very low word decoding ability (poor decoders) and those who had a very high word decoding ability (good decoders). Poor decoders showcased a stronger retest-effect on the sub-test Words than good decoders. No such effect was found for the sub-test Non-words. 

    The current results indicate that repeated testing with LäSt yields improved results over time due to familiarity. These findings have implications for how one should interpret students’ test scores over time, as well as how often LäSt should be administered. The findings and their implications are further discussed in relation to previous research. 

  • 23.
    Henriksson, Linn
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Svensson, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lärare och föräldrar: En intervjustudie om relationen mellan lärare och föräldrar2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The school is in constant development. Parents are increasingly engaged in their childrens'  school performance. New demands emerge on the relationship between teachers and parents. And this also affects the teachers' mental work environment. This study therefore aims to examine teachers' perception of their relationship with the parents. Partly how they perceive the relationship and partly how the teachers perceive that their mental work environment is affected by this relationship. Seven active teachers have been interviewed, four who work in the upper secondary school and three who work in high school. The interviews were semi-structured and the material was compiled through a content analysis. The study showed, among other things, that the teachers' perception of the meeting with parents was mostly positive and unproblematic. The study also discuss situations when this was not the case. There was a certain difference between high school and upper secondary school teachers. The high school teachers in the study both have and feel that they have more demands on parenting. What was important for good mental work environment were good parent relationships and support from colleagues at work. Common to many of the informants was that there was a desire for even more contact with parents', in order to favor the child's schooling and performance.

     

    Keywords: teachers, parents, school, mental work environment

  • 24.
    Hernandez, Alice
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Lundgren, Fanny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Uppfattning om våldsamma spel och könsskillnad i relation till aggression2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Hilmersson, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Självstereotypering efter hotad könsidentitet: En tvärkulturell jämförelse av män och kvinnor i Argentina och Sverige2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den föreliggande studien var att undersöka om kvinnor och män efter en hotad könsidentitet framställde sig själva som mer könsstereotypt kvinnligt respektive manligt. Dessutom undersöktes skillnader av könsidentitetshot utifrån en tvärkulturell jämförelse mellan män och kvinnor i Argentina och Sverige. De hypoteser som låg till grund för undersökningen var följande: (1) Både män och kvinnor framställer sig mer könsstereotypt manligt respektive kvinnligt efter att deras könsidentitet blivit hotad (2) Det finns tvärkulturella skillnader beträffande självstereotypering efter hotad könsidentitet mellan Argentina och Sverige. Data från 242 studenter (121 kvinnor och 121 män) samlades in med hjälp av dels ett paradigm för könsidentitetshot och dels av en skala som syftade till att mäta graden av självstereotypering. Deltagarna i Argentina och Sverige tillhörde samhällsinriktade utbildningar. Där de argentinska deltagarna studerade vid ett universitet i Buenos Aires och de svenska vid Lunds universitet. Det visade sig att det fanns en signifikant effekt mellan självstereotypering och kön, vilket innebär att det finns en effekt generellt för både män och kvinnor efter en hotad könsidentitet. Självstereotypering efter en hotad könsidentitet kunde inte förklaras enbart utifrån kultur. Däremot fanns det en interaktionseffekt mellan de experimentella betingelserna och kultur. Utifrån resultaten i undersökning kan man diskutera om ett hot gentemot ens könsidentitet bör betecknas som ett s.k. maskulinitetshot som implicerar ett upplevt hot gentemot maskulina egenskaper.

  • 26.
    Ho, Fan Lung
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Self-determination theory: The roles of emotion and trait mindfulness in motivation2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the framework of Self-determination theory, influences of emotions on motivation are largely neglected. And when considering the recent findings that mindfulness is associated with emotional management, it is unknown how mindfulness may buffer emotions in relation to autonomous and controlled motivations. The present study examined the relationship between the two dimensions of emotion (i.e., pleasantness and arousal) and relative autonomous-oriented motivation, and the moderation effect of trait mindfulness on such relationship. A hundred and seventy-one students of a Swedish university participated in the survey. It was found that pleasantness, arousal and trait mindfulness were correlated positively with relative autonomous-oriented motivation, and that trait mindfulness moderated the relationship between pleasantness and the motivation. The findings suggest that pleasant and arousal emotions, and dispositional mindfulness may have positive effects on autonomous motivation.

  • 27.
    Hult, Henrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Dang, Denny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Den personliga konflikten2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between the Big Five personality traits Extraversion, Agreeableness and Neuroticism and the five conflict styles developed by Thomas-Kilmann: Accommodating, Avoiding, Compromising, Collaborating and Competing. The participants consisted of 128 students of the Linnaeus University in Växjö. A questionnaire consisting of two parts were used for this study: Part one consist of a personality-test developed from Lewis R. Goldberg’s Big-five scale, and part two where the participant is asked to fill out Thomas-Kilmanns conflict style test. Significant results, calculated with Bonferroni’s correction, were found between Extraversion-Accommodating (negative), Extraversion-Avoiding (negative) and Agreeableness-Collaborating (positive). These correlations were still significant with the participants’ gender equate, which indicate the importance of personality in the study of conflict style.

  • 28.
    Håkansson, Krister
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Psykologi.
    Unmarried Life - Paving the Way for Dementia?2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Although social networks and activities have recently been suggested to protect against dementia, few long-term follow-up studies exist. The main purpose of our study was to evaluate whether midlife marital status is related to late-life cognitive function.

    Methods:

    Participants of the Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging, and Dementia (CAIDE) study were derived from random, population-based samples previously studied. After an average follow-up of 21 years, 1449 individuals (73%) aged 65 to 79 years were re-examined in 1998. At re-examination 139 persons were diagnosed with some form of cognitive impairment: 82 of those with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 48 with Alzheimer’s disease (AD)). The relation between midlife marital status and cognitive impairment was analyzed with adjustments for a number of other midlife factors, including education, BMI, cholesterol, blood pressure, occupation, physical activity, smoking habits and depression. Adjustments were also made for ApoE status, age at follow-up and gender.

    Results:

    Persons living with a partner in midlife were significantly less likely to show cognitive impairment compared to all other categories (single, separated or widowed). The highest risk increase was found for those widowed at midlife and still so at the follow-up (N=105). For Alzheimers disease specifically, the risk increase was almost eight-fold for this group compared to those married both at midlife and still so at late-life. Progressive adjustments for possible confounders did not weaken the associations.

    Conclusions:

    Living in a partner relation may imply cognitive and social challenges with a protective effect against cognitive impairment. Involvement of other factors is however suggested by the specific risk increase for widowed in relation to singles. Possible selection bias behind the strongly increased cognitive impairment risk for those widowed at midlife, in relation to the married group, seems unlikely. The long-term prospective design should also preclude any reverse causation effects behind the results.

  • 29.
    Håkansson, Krister
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Karolinska Institutet.
    Rovio, Suvi
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Helkala, Eeva-Liisa
    University of Kuopio, Finland.
    Vilska, Anna-Riitta
    Savonia University of Applied Sciences, Kuopio, Finland.
    Winblad, Bengt
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Soininen, Hilkka
    University of Kuopio, Finland.
    Nissinen, Aulikki
    Mohammed, Abdul K. H.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Karolinska institutet.
    Kivipelto, Miia
    Karolinska institutet / University of Kuopio, Finland.
    Association between mid-life marital status and cognitive function in later life: population based cohort study2009In: BMJ. British Medical Journal, E-ISSN 1756-1833, Vol. 339, no July, p. Article number: b2462-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives To evaluate whether mid-life marital status is related to cognitive function in later life. Design Prospective population based study with an average follow-up of 21 years. Setting Kuopio and Joensuu regions in eastern Finland. Participants Participants were derived from random, population based samples previously investigated in 1972, 1977, 1982, or 1987; 1449 individuals (73%), aged 65-79, underwent re-examination in 1998. Main outcome measures Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment. Results People cohabiting with a partner in mid-life (mean age 50.4) were less likely than all other categories (single, separated, or widowed) to show cognitive impairment later in life at ages 65-79. Those widowed or divorced in mid-life and still so at follow-up had three times the risk compared with married or cohabiting people. Those widowed both at mid-life and later life had an odds ratio of 7.67 (1.6 to 40.0) for Alzheimer's disease compared with married or cohabiting people. The highest increased risk for Alzheimer's disease was in carriers of the apolipoprotein E e4 allele who lost their partner before mid-life and were still widowed or divorced at follow-up. The progressive entering of several adjustment variables from mid-life did not alter these associations. Conclusions Living in a relationship with a partner might imply cognitive and social challenges that have a protective effect against cognitive impairment later in life, consistent with the brain reserve hypothesis. The specific increased risk for widowed and divorced people compared with single people indicates that other factors are needed to explain parts of the results. A sociogenetic disease model might explain the dramatic increase in risk of Alzheimer's disease for widowed apolipoprotein E e4 carriers.

  • 30.
    Isfåle, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stärkt samhörighet med Sverige genom naturalisation?: En intervjustudie om individens upplevelse i förhållande till medborgarskapslagens intention2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa empiriska studie var dels att ta del av ett antal invandrares motiv till att ansöka om svenskt medborgarskap (naturaliseras), detta för att få en ökad förståelse för vad det finns för olika skäl till ansökan om medborgarskap. Dels och huvudsakligen var syftet vidare att ta reda på huruvida individen i enlighet med medborgarskapslagens intention de facto upplever stärkt samhörighet med Sverige och det svenska folket vid erhållandet av sitt svenska medborgarskap. Insamlingsmetoden var semistrukturerade intervjuer, och analysmetoden kvalitativ (tematisk) innehållsanalys samt ett analysschema. Resultatet visade att det bland informanterna fanns tre motiv till ansökan om svenskt medborgarskap. Dessa var trygghetsskäl, praktiska skäl (erhållandet av svenskt pass) samt integrationsskäl, och praktiska skäl var det dominerande motivet i studien. Resultatet visade vidare att en majoritet av de tolv informanterna – nio stycken – de facto kände en känsla av samhörighet med Sverige, och i sex av fallen kunde denna samhörighetskänsla åtminstone delvis kopplas till erhållandet av det svenska medborgarskapet. Slutsatsen kunde därmed dras att medborgarskapslagens intention om stärkt samhörighet med Sverige och svenskarna vid erhållandet av svenskt medborgarskap var till viss del uppfylld i den här studien.

  • 31.
    Iurato, G.
    et al.
    University of Palermo, Italy.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    On the topological structure of a mathematical model of human unconscious2017In: P-Adic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis, and Applications, ISSN 2070-0466, E-ISSN 2070-0474, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 78-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of two our previous works, in this paper, following Jacques Lacan psychoanalytic theory, we wish to outline some further remarks on the topological structure of a mathematical model of human unconscious.

  • 32.
    Iurato, G.
    et al.
    University of Palermo, Italy.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Murtagh, F.
    University of Derby, UK ; Goldsmiths University of London, UK.
    Formal foundations for the origins of human consciousness2016In: P-Adic Numbers, Ultrametric Analysis, and Applications, ISSN 2070-0466, E-ISSN 2070-0474, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 249-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the framework of p-adic analysis (the simplest version of analysis on trees in which hierarchic structures are presented through ultrametric distance) applied to formalize psychic phenomena, we would like to propose some possible first hypotheses about the origins of human consciousness centered on the basic notion of time symmetry breaking as meant according to quantum field theory of infinite systems. Starting with Freud’s psychophysical (hydraulic) model of unconscious and conscious flows of psychic energy based on the three-orders mental representation, the emotional order, the thing representation order, and the word representation order, we use the p-adic (treelike) mental spaces to model transition from unconsciousness to preconsciousness and then to consciousness. Here we explore theory of hysteresis dynamics: conscious states are generated as the result of integrating of unconscious memories. One of the main mathematical consequences of our model is that trees representing unconscious and consciousmental states have to have different structures of branching and distinct procedures of clustering. The psychophysical model of Freud in combination with the p-adic mathematical representation gives us a possibility to apply (for a moment just formally) the theory of spontaneous symmetry breaking of infinite dimensional field theory, to mental processes and, in particular, to make the first step towards modeling of interrelation between the physical time (at the level of the emotional order) and psychic time at the levels of the thing and word representations. Finally, we also discuss some related topological aspects of the human unconscious, following Jacques Lacan’s psychoanalytic concepts.

  • 33.
    Ivemark, Biörn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Genealogiska DNA test och gruppidentitetsdynamiker: En empirisk prövning av social identitetsteori2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Jacobson, Christer
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Några studier med Ordkedjor2012In: SCIRA, ISSN 0349-9855, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 4-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 35.
    Johansson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Work locus of control inom arbetslivet: En kvantitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Employees' perceived control over their work situation varies from person to person and can to some extent depend on their age and how they perceive their environment in the workplace. The purpose of this study was to investigate possible connections between Work Locus of Control and Perceived Organizational Support, Job Satisfaction and age. Data collection was performed by handing out a survey to officials with administrative duties within the public and private sectors in southern Sweden. The sample consists of 74 participants (17 men and 57 women). To measure the variables, the Work Locus of Control Scale, items from the Survey of Perceived Organizational Support and Overall Job Satisfaction, were used. The survey also included background questions. A correlation analysis of the variables yielded that the work locus of control scale has significant correlations with the studied variables. The results are in line with previous research, indicating that individuals which to a greater extent perceive themselves able to control their work situation also experience higher organizational support and higher job satisfaction, and that perceived control is higher for older individuals. A multiple regression analysis shows that a high Job Satisfaction is the best predictor of an internal Work Locus of Control. The results show no significant difference in Work Locus of Control between employees in the public and private sectors.

  • 36.
    Johansson, Elin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Richardson, Angelica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Personlighet och preferens: En kvantitativ studie av gymnasieelevers personlighet och deras preferens för personlighet hos lärare2015Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Johansson, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Almqvist, Jenny
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Livstillfredsställelse och självmedkänsla: En kvantitativ studie om äldre2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 300 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The understanding of a successful aging is getting more important since the group of older adults is expected to grow over the next years. Even if the relationship between well-being and self-compassion is documented, no known studies have been made to investigate the relationship in a Swedish population of older adults.

    In this study the relationship between life-satisfaction and self-compassion was explored with participants from the Swedish National study on Aging and Care – SNAC. Furthermore the difference between women and men was also studied. The results showed no differences between men and women in life-satisfaction, but men valued themselves to have more self-compassion than women did. A positive relationship between life-satisfaction and self-compassion was confirmed. Self-compassion and age proved to be of importance for predicting a successful aging.

  • 38.
    Jonsson, Martina
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Jonzon, Emelie
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Kognitivt förhållningssätt: - ett sätt att bemöta tonåringar i deras vardag2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att belysa vilken betydelse utövandet av ett kognitivt förhållningssätt skulle kunna ha för tonåringar i deras vardag. Metoden som användes var halvstrukturerade kvalitativa intervjuer med fem personer som var utbildade och insatta i den kognitiva terapin. Intervjuerna tolkades och analyserades utifrån en hermeneutisk ansats. Resultatet visade att det kognitiva förhållningssättet med utgångspunkt i den kognitiva terapin, har betydelse för tonåringar. Genom att arbeta utifrån den kognitiva terapins ram kan professionella få den unge att fundera kring samband mellan tanke, känsla och handling. Förhållningssättet visade sig också i viss mån kunna tillämpas som en slags självhjälp samt som en förebyggande insats inom t.ex. skolan. Studiens resultat är främst relevant för behandlingspedagoger och andra professionella som träffar tonåringar i sin yrkesvardag.

  • 39.
    Jönsson, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Bemötande av barn vars föräldrar har separerat utifrån ett professionellt perspektivEn kvalitativ intervjustudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Kamber, Saiwan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Skillnader i valet av Copingstrategier: En kvantitativ undersökning om köns- och åldersskillnader i valet av copingstrategier2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En enkätundersökning genomfördes för att undersöka om det förekom köns- och åldersskillnader i individernas val av copingstrategier. Respondenterna i denna undersökning bestod av 101 personer. Undersökningen visade att det endast i ett fall förekom könsskillnader i valet av copingstrategi, nämligen kognitivomstrukturering, där män använde sig av denna copingstrategi i signifikant högre grad än kvinnor. Åldersskillnader upptäcktes i tre fall, där unga i signifikant högre grad än vuxna använde sig av copingstrategin undvikande, ålderskategorin medelålder använde sig av problemlösning i signifikant högre grad än unga, och vuxna använde sig av copingstrategin distraktion i signifikant högre grad än ålderskategorin medelålder. Inga åldersskillnader upptäcktes i respondenternas val av copingstrategin sök av stöd.

  • 41.
    Karlsson, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Walldén, Linus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Effekten av syskonplacering på Health Locus of Control: En studie om syskonplacering och kön kan relateras med locus of control ur ett hälsoperspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studier har visat att det finns ett samband mellan syskonplacering och locus of control, medan andra studier inte funnit något samband. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka relationen mellan syskonplacering, kön och locus of control ur ett hälsoperspektiv hos gymnasieelever i årskurs 3. I undersökningen deltog 147 gymnasielever ifrån fem skolor i Kronobergs län. Resultatet visade att kön och syskonplacering samvarierade med intern health locus of control (F= 3,01;p< 0,03; ES= 6,2) och att syskonplacering och kön tillsammans inte visade någon signifikant inverkan på extern health locus of control (F= 2,20;p=<0,09; ES= 4,6). Fyndet kan indikera att manliga mellanbarn i större utsträckning strävar efter en intern health locus of control än kvinnliga mellanbarn.Nyckelord: Syskonplacering, health locus of control, intern- och extern locus of control, kön.

  • 42.
    Karlsson, Oliver
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Fransson, Alexander
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Symtomutveckling hos vårdsökande barn och ungdomar med psykiatrisk problematik i Kronoberg: En tvärsnittsstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In national surveys of mental illness in Sweden in the group of children and adolescents, an increase in prevalence has been observed. To our knowledge there are no regional surveys in the area. The purpose of the present study was to map symptom distribution among applicants to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic in Sweden and to map how mental illness is distributed on the basis of demographic variables in order to contribute to increased knowledge of mental illness among children and adolescents in Sweden. In this study data from conducted interviews from year 2010 - 2017 in a child and adolescent clinic was analyzed. The results showed a significant difference among the number of applicants between the first and last measurement of the measurement period, year 2010 and 2017, for adhd and anxiety-like symptoms. Regarding depressive symptoms, no significant difference was found. The most frequent symptom group was depressive symptoms. The results also showed differences due to the socio- economic group in which socio-economically weak areas had a larger share of applicants. The conclusion was that the national increase also occurs at regional level and that the spread of mental illness confirms previous research that socio-economic family factors affect the behavior of children and adolescents. Further research on etiology can supplement this study in order to work preventively with children and adolescents with mental illness.

  • 43.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    p-adic numbers: from superstrings and molecular motors to cognition and psychology2016In: Banach Center Publications, ISSN 0137-6934, E-ISSN 1730-6299, Vol. 109, p. 47-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is a brief review devoted to applications of $p$-adic numbers in physics, probability theory, theory of dynamical systems, cryptography, biology, cognitive science, and psychology.

  • 44.
    Khrennikov, Andrei
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Quantum-like modeling of cognition2015In: Frontiers in Physics, E-ISSN 2296-424X, Vol. 3, article id 77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper begins with a historical review of the mutual influence of physics and psychology, from Freud's invention of psychic energy inspired by von Boltzmann' thermodynamics to the enrichment quantum physics gained from the side of psychology by the notion of complementarity (the invention of Niels Bohr who was inspired by William James), besides we consider the resonance of the correspondence between Wolfgang Pauli and Carl Jung in both physics and psychology. Then we turn to the problem of development of mathematical models for laws of thought starting with Boolean logic and progressing toward foundations of classical probability theory. Interestingly, the laws of classical logic and probability are routinely violated not only by quantum statistical phenomena but by cognitive phenomena as well. This is yet another common feature between quantum physics and psychology. In particular, cognitive data can exhibit a kind of the probabilistic interference effect. This similarity with quantum physics convinced a multi-disciplinary group of scientists (physicists, psychologists, economists, sociologists) to apply the mathematical apparatus of quantum mechanics to modeling of cognition. We illustrate this activity by considering a few concrete phenomena: the order and disjunction effects, recognition of ambiguous figures, categorization-decision making. In Appendix 1 of Supplementary Material we briefly present essentials of theory of contextual probability and a method of representations of contextual probabilities by complex probability amplitudes (solution of the “inverse Born's problem”) based on a quantum-like representation algorithm (QLRA).

  • 45.
    Lakens, Daniel
    et al.
    Eindhoven Univ Technol, Netherlands.
    Adolfi, Federico G.
    Natl Sci & Tech Res Council CONICET, Argentina;Max Planck Inst Empir Aesthet, Germany.
    Albers, Casper J.
    Univ Groningen, Netherlands.
    Anvari, Farid
    Flinders Univ S Australia, Australia.
    Apps, Matthew A. J.
    Univ Oxford, UK.
    Argamon, Shlomo E.
    Illinois Inst Technol, USA.
    Baguley, Thom
    Nottingham Trent Univ, UK.
    Becker, Raymond B.
    Univ Bielefeld, Germany.
    Benning, Stephen D.
    Univ Nevada, USA.
    Bradford, Daniel E.
    Univ Wisconsin Madison, USA.
    Buchanan, Erin M.
    Missouri State Univ, USA.
    Caldwell, Aaron R.
    Univ Arkansas, USA.
    Van Calster, Ben
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Belgium;Leiden Univ, Netherlands.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Chen, Sau-Chin
    Tzu Chi Univ, Taiwan.
    Chung, Bryan
    Univ British Columbia, Canada.
    Colling, Lincoln J.
    Univ Cambridge, UK.
    Collins, Gary S.
    Univ Oxford, UK.
    Crook, Zander
    Univ Edinburgh, UK.
    Cross, Emily S.
    Bangor Univ, UK;Univ Glasgow, UK.
    Daniels, Sameera
    Ramsey Decis Theoret, USA.
    Danielsson, Henrik
    Linköping University.
    DeBruine, Lisa
    Univ Glasgow, UK.
    Dunleavy, Daniel J.
    Florida State Univ, USA.
    Earp, Brian D.
    Yale Univ, USA.
    Feist, Michele I.
    Univ Louisiana, USA.
    Ferrell, Jason D.
    St Edwards Univ, USA;Univ Texas Austin, USA.
    Field, James G.
    Univ Virginia, USA.
    Fox, Nicholas W.
    Rutgers State Univ, USA.
    Friesen, Amanda
    Indiana Univ Purdue Univ, USA.
    Gomes, Caio
    Booking Com, Netherlands.
    Gonzalez-Marquez, Monica
    Rhein Westfal TH Aachen, Germany.
    Grange, James A.
    Keele Univ, UK.
    Grieve, Andrew P.
    UCB Celltech, UK.
    Guggenberger, Robert
    Eberhard Karls Univ Tubingen, Germany.
    Grist, James
    Univ Cambridge, UK.
    van Harmelen, Anne-Laura
    Univ Cambridge, UK.
    Hasselman, Fred
    Radboud Univ Nijmegen, Netherlands.
    Hochard, Kevin D.
    Univ Chester, UK.
    Hoffarth, Mark R.
    NYU, USA.
    Holmes, Nicholas P.
    Univ Nottingham, UK.
    Ingre, Michael
    Isager, Peder M.
    Linköping University.
    Isotalus, Hanna K.
    Univ Bristol, UK.
    Johansson, Christer
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
    Juszczyk, Konrad
    Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Poland.
    Kenny, David A.
    Univ Connecticut, USA.
    Khalil, Ahmed A.
    Charite, Germany;Max Planck Inst Human Cognit & Brain Sci, Germany;Humboldt Univ, Germany.
    Konat, Barbara
    Adam Mickiewicz Univ, Poland.
    Lao, Junpeng
    Univ Fribourg, Switzerland.
    Larsen, Erik Gahner
    Univ Kent, UK.
    Lodder, Gerine M. A.
    Univ Groningen, Netherlands.
    Lukavsky, Jiri
    Czech Acad Sci, Czech Republic.
    Madan, Christopher R.
    Univ Nottingham, UK.
    Manheim, David
    RAND Corp, USA.
    Martin, Stephen R.
    Baylor Univ, USA.
    Martin, Andrea E.
    Univ Edinburgh, UK;Max Planck Inst Psycholinguist, Netherlands.
    Mayo, Deborah G.
    Virginia Tech, USA.
    McCarthy, Randy J.
    Northern Illinois Univ, USA.
    McConway, Kevin
    Open Univ, UK.
    McFarland, Colin
    Skyscanner, UK.
    Nio, Amanda Q. X.
    Kings Coll London, UK.
    Nilsonne, Gustav
    Stockholm University;Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA USA.
    de Oliveira, Cilene Lino
    Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Brazil.
    de Xivry, Jean-Jacques Orban
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Belgium.
    Parsons, Sam
    Univ Oxford, UK.
    Pfuhl, Gerit
    UiT Arctic Univ Norway, Norway.
    Quinn, Kimberly A.
    Depaul Univ, USA.
    Sakon, John J.
    NYU, USA.
    Saribay, S. Adil
    Bogazici Univ, Turkey.
    Schneider, Iris K.
    Univ Cologne, Germany.
    Selvaraju, Manojkumar
    KACST, USA;Integrated Gulf Biosyst, Saudi Arabia.
    Sjoerds, Zsuzsika
    Leiden Univ, Netherlands;Leiden Univ,Netherlands.
    Smith, Samuel G.
    Univ Leeds, UK.
    Smits, Tim
    Katholieke Univ Leuven, Belgium.
    Spies, Jeffrey R.
    Ctr Open Sci, USA;Univ Virginia, USA.
    Sreekumar, Vishnu
    NINDS, USA.
    Steltenpohl, Crystal N.
    Univ So Indiana, USA.
    Stenhouse, Neil
    Univ Wisconsin Madison, USA.
    Swiatkowski, Wojciech
    Univ Lausanne, Switzerland.
    Vadillo, Miguel A.
    Univ Autonoma Madrid, Spain.
    Van Assen, Marcel A. L. M.
    Tilburg Univ, Netherlands;Univ Utrecht, Netherlands.
    Williams, Matt N.
    Massey Univ, New Zealand.
    Williams, Samantha E.
    St Louis Univ, USA.
    Williams, Donald R.
    Univ Calif Davis, USA.
    Yarkoni, Tal
    Univ Texas Austin, USA.
    Ziano, Ignazio
    Univ Ghent, Belgium.
    Zwaan, Rolf A.
    Erasmus Univ, Netherlands.
    Justify your alpha2018In: Nature Human Behaviour, E-ISSN 2397-3374, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 168-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In response to recommendations to redefine statistical significance to P ≤ 0.005, we propose that researchers should transparently report and justify all choices they make when designing a study, including the alpha level.

  • 46.
    Lindahl, Mats
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Archer, Trevor
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science. Göterborgs universitet.
    Depressive Expression and Anti-Depressive Protection in Adolescence: Stress, Positive Affect, Motivation and Self-Efficacy2013In: Psychology, ISSN 2152-7180, E-ISSN 2152-7199, Vol. 4, no 6, p. 495-505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study aims at identifying predisposing and protective factors for the purpose of showing their respective contribution and interaction for adolescents’ stress disorders and depressive states, and to find key attributes for the identification of pupils at risk in a normal population of adolescents. The study was performed with 211 high-school pupils over a period of 18 months. The results are reported from the pupils participating in 4 consecutive administrations of the instruments (N = 115). The following instruments were used: “Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale”, “Stress”, “Helplessness”, “Hopelessness”, “Uppsala Sleep inventory”, “Barratt’s Impulsiveness Scale”, “Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale”, “Life Orientation Test”, “General Self-Efficacy”, “Locus of Control”, “Situational Intrinsic Motivational Scale”. The Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale were also used to categorize participants into four affective profiles: “self-fulfilling”, high affective”, “low affective” and “self-destructive”. Linear regression analyses showed that situational depression (hopelessness) was predicted by depressive. Negative affect predicted stress, which in turn predicted general and situational depressiveness. General self-efficacy, positive affect and Identified regulation were found to be protective factors to both general and situational depressiveness. Depressiveness was found to be linked to the “self-destructive” affective personality type. “Negative affect” and distractiveness are suggested as markers for pupils at risk, whereas positive affect, self-efficacy and identified regulation appear to have protecting roles.

  • 47.
    Lindersson, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Guntell, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Carlsson, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Agerström, Jens
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Reassessing the impact of descriptive norms on charitable giving2019In: International Journal of Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector Marketing, ISSN 1465-4520, E-ISSN 1479-103X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 1-6, article id e1617Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The usefulness of conveying descriptive norms (“this is what most people do”) for prosocial purposes such as environmental conservation and charitable giving has recently been called into question. Two experiments (N = 748) evaluated the hypothesis that descriptive norms increase people's intentions to donate to charity. Overall, the results supported this hypothesis. Another aim was to examine the robustness of the local norm superiority effect that proposes that the local norms of one's immediate environment are superior to other descriptive norms (global and social identity norms). This hypothesis was not supported. The results suggest that differences between different types of norms are likely to be small.

  • 48.
    Lu, Judy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Personlighetsdrag och självrapporterade betyg: En svensk studie om studenters personlighetsdrag  och självrapporterade betyg2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Resultat från tidigare forskning har visat att det finns ett förhållande mellan personlighetsdrag och akademisk prestation. I en svensk studie av Rosander, Bäckström och Stenberg (2011) användes en kort version av personlighetstestet IPIP-NEO-PI, en femfaktorsmodell som har fem grundläggande personlighetsdimensioner; neuroticism, extraversion, öppenhet, sympatiskhet och samvetsgrannhet. Resultaten tydde på att det fanns ett samband mellan personlighetsdrag och studenters skolprestation.

    Den här studien  undersökte bland annat om Eysencks personlighetstest skulle få liknande resultat om endast två av de fem personlighetsdragen, neuroticism och extraversion användes.

    Syfte: Studien undersökte om det fanns ett samband mellan studenters personlighetsdrag neuroticism och extraversion, självrapporterade studieresultat och kön.

    Metod: Deltagare: Kvinnor och män i  åldern  20-37 år som studerar på ett svenskt landsortsuniversitet. 

    Datainsamling: Enkäter skickades ut till klassgrupper via Facebook till  studenter från olika svenska universitet på följande program:  tandhygienistprogrammet, psykologprogrammet, civilingenjörsprogrammet i maskinteknik, datateknikprogrammet och ekonomprogrammet.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade att neurotiska studenter som skattade högt på Eysencks personlighetstest neuroticism hade sämre självrapporterade betyg än de studenter som skattade högt på personlighetsdraget extraversion, vilka rapporterade bättre betyg. Skillnaden var dock inte statistisk signifikant. Gällande betygen som rapporterades av studenterna framkom inte heller en statistisk signifikant skillnad mellan män och kvinnor.

  • 49.
    Lönnqvist, Filip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Kristnas attityder till sekularisering: En studie av attityder till sekularisering och modern andlighet hos kristna församlingsmedlemmar2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka kristna personers attityder gentemot sekularisering och modern andlighet. För att undersöka detta intervjuades medlemmar ur frikyrkliga svenska samfund; en intervju i fokusgrupp (med fyra deltagare) samt tre individuella intervjuer. Intervjumaterialet bestod av ett case uppdelat i fem sektioner, där respondenterna fick resonera fritt kring olika religiösa dilemman. Deltagarna uppvisade främst negativa emotionella attityder gentemot sekularisering och modern andlighet, främst riktat mot sambandet till individualiseringen av samhället. Respondenterna uppvisade förståelse för den subjektiva aspekten av tro, samt religionens brister och hur dessa står i samband till vissa sekulära yttringar. Respondenternas personliga tro upplevdes som oförändrad. Det kan därmed tolkas att kristnas attityder har påverkats av samhällets individualisering, men att detta inte står i samband till en eventuell förlust av tro och minskad religiös makt. Resultaten visade även att respondenternas attityder till modern andlighet generellt sett var negativa, även om en viss förståelse för fenomenet var inarbetad i deras attityder.

  • 50.
    Maracic, Irena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Identitet och identitetsstilar: Sambandet mellan kön, utbildning och identitetsbildning på gymnasiet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
12 1 - 50 of 87
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