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  • 1.
    Abdulahiayan, Shaho
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Eliassi, Razgar
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Om inkludering och exkludering och ungdomars idrottsdeltagande.: Kvalitativ studie om idrottsflreningars och ideella personers arbetssätt2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper was to study what impact sports participation has on young people and how nonprofit people and representatives of sports associations work to counter exclusion and how they contribute to inclusion. We investigated if, and if so how, participation in sports and physical activities can generate inclusion and counteract exclusion for young people. In this study we have completed six qualitative interviews with non-profit persons and representatives of sports associations. We interviewed two people who work voluntarily in sports and four people who have a leadership role in sports associations in a specific municipality. This selection was made in order for us to get a broader picture of how the strategies of non-profit and associations might differ in practice regarding exclusion and inclusion for young people. Based on our respondents' answers from the interviews, we have identified four main themes; expectations and demands, the socialization arena, working methods and the negative and positive factors of sports. We analyzed these themes based on previous research and theory sections and to our purpose and issues. The main conclusion we made was that sport contributes to community, belonging, joy, exercise, reduced risk of physical and mental illnesses and facilitates the integration of newly immigrated youth. Our conclusion regarding negative factors with sports are that young people might develop some form of eating disorder, overload their bodies if they exercise too much and that the risks of getting physical injuries might increase if they participate in sports too much. In response to our last research question, it emerges that economy might be an exclusive factor that sport associations try to prevent in different ways. The associations and the working methods of the non-profit people differ in terms of generating inclusion and counteracting exclusion.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Abdulrahman, Mawj
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Dahl, Thea
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    "Ett tillfälligt andrum för svenskt flyktingmottagande'': En kritisk diskursanalys om Sveriges asyllagstiftning mellan 2015–2021 2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of this study is based on the legislative process of the Swedish temporary asylum law. Due to an increasing number of request for asylum in 2015, the parliament appointed a temporary asylum law to create a more restrictive migration policy. This measure was criticized by several parliamentary committees which were emphasising different negative aspects that could possibly affect the refugees. The government responded to the critics by referring to the EU minimum level and by comparison with other EU countries. In 2019 the parliament decided to extend the temporary law even though the number of asylum seekers had decreased. The main argument for this extension was to prevent an increasing amount of asylum seekers as soon as the migration policy in Sweden were to become more generous again. Previous research has shown that not long after the first proposition of the temporary asylum law the law was implemented, indicating a rushed decision made by the Swedish parliament.

    Thus is our purpose with this study to examine the political negotiations of the legislative process regarding the temporary asylum law and its extension. In addition to that the aim of the study is also to research if the extension of the law contributed to different discourses. Through a critical discourse analysis our main conclusion is that the underlying negotiations of the legislative process cover four main areas: economy and resources, EU, the asylum system and consequences. Within each field we discovered discourses that could be applicable in both the legislative process of 2016 and in the process of extension 2019. Nevertheless the result of the analysis also presented two discourses that became important parts in relation to the extension. These discourses were convention on the rights of the child and EU. Even though these discourses could be found in the first legislative process, they reach a remarkably higher state of importance in the extension of the asylum law and therefore are appointed as new since they did not held the same level of relevance before.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Abedali, Besma
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Karlstrand, Moa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    ”Man ska vara den man är, men man blir lite större”: En kvalitativ studie om hur boendepersonal på HVB för ensamkommande barn förstår och omsätter begreppet ”integration”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the concept of “integration” within residential care homes for unaccompanied children. More specifically its aim was to find out how the social workers themselves within residential care homes for unaccompanied children understand the concept of integration and how they work for it. The study was based on a qualitative semi-structured interviews with seven social workers within four residential care homes for unaccompanied children. Six themes were identified that seemed to play a role in the discussions about integration: development-acceptance, learning process, communication & relationships, process, personality and common sense. The analysis was based on previous research in the field and the theory of action by Pierre Bourdieu called practical reason. As a conclusion the first three themes can be seen as an understanding of the concept of “integration”. The last three themes exemplify the practical integration work. Despite the lack of regulatory documents, the social workers show a common understanding of the concept and a similar implementation which can be explained by a dominant implicit doxa within the field.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    "Man ska vara den man är, men man blir lite större"
  • 4.
    Abelli, Annika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Promotionsarbete med unga i förorten: - En kvalitativ fallstudie av RGRA, Rörelsen gatans röst & ansikte2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This studie explores how a promotive youth movement that aims to activate adolescents in economically and socially exposed areas, can affect the youth’s participation in society and oppose their experience of stigmatization. The youth movement, whom is being studied, uses urban art expressions as a mean to engage and motivate the adolescents. The empirism has mostly been collected by a limited participatory observation, and through qualitative interviews with staff and adolescents in the movement. The result has been analyzed through Pierre Bourdieus field theory. To summarise, field theory consists in the hypothesis that the individual is socialized in to his or her way of thinking and being (habitus), based on in which circumstances the individual is raised (in which field). Habitus affects the choices the individual makes throughout life. An individuals habitus is affected by three types of capital, which Bourdieu has named economical-, social-, and cultural capital. This essay analyzes how the promotive youth movement contributes to the adolescent’s social- and cultural capital. I have found that this largely happens by giving the adolescents different types of tools to be seen and heard, based on the concept of hip hop as a political instrument. The most prominent tool in the everyday activities is the opportunity to record music in a professional studio. Other tools that are used are the opportunity to host the movements own radio show, participate in the arranging of different types of events, and such. I have also found that the support from an extra adult and the connection within the movement are central providers of social capital.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Abou Abboud, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Youth workers experiences of how adolescence in the suburbs can be included in society2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to increase knowledge about leisure leaders' experiences of and opportunities to counteract exclusion and crime among young people in socially disadvantaged suburban areas, and what risk and protection factors they perceive to be important for exclusion and crime. The study is of a qualitative method based on hermeneutic theory of science. Four interviews were conducted with leisure leaders divided into three leisure centers. The correspondents consisted of three men and a woman of different ages and with varying work experience and varying ethnicities. The intention with the correspondents and the choice of a semi-structured interview guide was to gain an increased perspective on the chosen topic. The results indicate that the various systems in Bronfenbrenner's ecological system theory have a strong impact on young people in socially disadvantaged areas. The different system theories have protective and risk factors for the youth.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Fritidsledares erfarenheter om hur ungdomar i förorten kan inkluderas i samhället
  • 6.
    Abrahamsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Gustafsson, Karin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Internet - en plats där du inte behöver vara annorlunda: En kvalitativ internetstudie om personer med Asperger syndrom, om svårigheter och möjligheter som de möter genom samhällets konstruktion.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a qualitative internet research about people with Asperger syndrome and their thoughts and opinions about the difficulties that occurs in the environment outside the home and their experiences of Internet. We have analyzed Internets social influences for those with Asperger syndrome, as a consequence of the difficulties that they meet in other environments. The constructed communities in the environment outside the home and the social interaction that occurs there is not adjusted for those with the diagnosis. This leads to difficulties to be there for those with Asperger syndrome. By doing a content analysis of the assembled data from a community site on the Internet, we found out that the environment on Internet is more comfortable for those with the diagnosis in several ways. A lot of people who earlier felt alone and excluded has thanks to the Internet been able to develop a healthy social life.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Adell, Regina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Andersson, Felicia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Barnets bästa i umgänges– och vårdnadstvister: En diskursanalys av svenska domstolars resonemang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to analyse how Swedish courts reason about the child's best in custody and access disputes. We have assumed different themes to analyse our empirical data, these themes were the child's best interests, perspective on the child's best interests, child's perspective, children as subjects or objects and finally the right of the child or the child's best interests. Our empirical data have consisted of 15 City Court and Court of Appeal judgments of the Swedish courts handed down in 2015. The study had a qualitative disposition and the selection was made strategically to make sure the empirical data would be relevant to our issues. We have used a discourse analysis where the intention was to study how the court reason about the child’s interests and what statements that gets preference and what gets excluded in the assessment. Our theoretical starting point was extracted from Foucault’s theory about power and his discourse concept. We have used the concept of his theory in our analysis, but also extracted the theoretical concepts from previous research. The result shows that the Court's assessment of what is in the child’s best interest is based primarily on a professional and adult perspective on the child's situation. The individual child's perspective was excluded and the Court was principally talking about children's needs and interests in general. The result also showed that children were seen as objects and not as participants in the majority of the cases.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 8.
    Adolfsson, Linda
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Ström, Elisabeth
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Resursskolan: Före detta elevers upplevelser av hemskola, särskiljande och resursskola2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how former pupils in a daycareschool experienced there stay, in relation to the ordinary school. The method we used was an qualitative interview study with former pupils of a daycareschool. We have analyzed the result with help of Goffmans theory about stigma, Beckers labeling theory, Antonovskys SOC (a Sense Of Coherence) concept and Gjaerums theory of controlling. After analyzing the results we came to the conclution that the pupils where stigmatized and labeled as deviants in the ordinary school whilst in the daycareschool they got an enhanced SOC and a feeling of control. Due to the daycareschool’s work with these pupils they no longer sees as stigmatized and labeled.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 9.
    Adolfsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Nyberg, Malin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Medgivandeutredningar: En kvalitativ studie om handläggares riktlinjer vid bedömningar i medgivandeutredningar vid adoption.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to gain a deeper understanding of the administrative officials work with assessments in home studies of adoption. To answer the purpose, we chose to focus on the guidelines for administrative official’s assessments in home studies of adoption and what assessment areas that is fundamental to the administrative official’s assessments. The study is structured on the basis of a qualitative approach where we have used semi-structured interviews. We interviewed seven administrative officials in the social services which conducted home studies of adoption. The interviews were conducted in different municipalities in order to demonstrate that the result does not depend on local circumstances. We can however say that administrative officials in the various municipalities had close cooperation among themselves, which resulted in that the local factor could have some impact on the result. We have analysed the results based on theories of discretion and the street-level bureaucracy. We have in this study concluded that all administrative officials used the same guidelines and almost all of the administrative officials used the same investigation method. Even though all the administrative officials emanated from the same guidelines and though almost all of the seven administrative officials also used the same investigating method, we discovered in the results and analysis section that the implementation in home studies of adoption may differ between administrative officials in the various municipalities. We have interpreted this result as a consequence based on how each administrative official uses their discretion. Furthermore we found that the administrative officials did not think that there was one assessment area that was more important. There are a number of areas that are important to consider which depends on the applicant's background.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: Öppna jämförelser inom socialtjänstens brottsofferstödjande arbete2015Inngår i: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, E-ISSN 2003-5624, Vol. 22, nr 3-4, s. 341-358Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11. Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: en analys av programidén och implementeringen av Öppna jämförelser inom brottsofferområdet2015Inngår i: Presentation på Brottsoffermyndighetens viktimologiska forskarkonferens, 10 november 2015, Stockholm, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idén om mål- och resultatstyrningen har fått stort genomslag i offentlig förvaltning. Det brottsofferstödjande arbetet som riktas mot våldsutsatta personer har liksom andra ansvarsområden inom socialtjänstens verksamhetsfält mött ökade krav på att säkra och redovisa kvalitet. Öppna jämförelser är ett instrument som används inom offentlig verksamhet för att mäta, offentliggöra och jämföra kvaliteten av det arbete som bedrivs. År 2012 lanserades för första gången öppna jämförelser inom brottsofferområdet. I studien analyseras Öppna jämförelsers programidé och dess implementering inom brottsofferområdet. Empirin utgörs av för studiens syfte, relevanta styrdokument samt intervjuer med aktörer på central nivå (Socialstyrelsen och SKL), regional nivå (Länsstyrelsen) samt lokal nivå (två fallkommuner i södra Sverige) Fokus riktas mot hur de har arbetat med Öppna jämförelser och vilka erfarenheter de har gjort. 12 I presentationen av studien visar författarna hur Öppna jämförelser avseende stöd till brottsoffer inte fått det genomslag som regeringen förutsatt. Den politiska styrningen är tydlig samtidigt som de olika ”intressenter” som Öppna jämförelser är tänkt att vara till för i praktiken givits en marginaliserad position

  • 12.
    Agné, Gabriella
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Larsson, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Funktionshinderpolitiskt program: fallstudie om kommuns implementering av en FN-konvention2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Author: Gabriella Agné and Helena Larsson

    Title: Disability policy program – a case study of a municipals implementation of UNs Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.

    Supervisor: Marianne Westring-Nordh

    Assessor: Ulf Drugge

    This study aims to examine how a small municipal in southern Sweden works with the implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and examine the assistant officers knowledge about this work and user organizations inclusion and user involvement.

    The study operates from a qualitative approach based on the results of nine semi-structured interviews with local politicians, assistance officers and representatives from three different user organizations.

    The results show that the municipal has chosen to work with the implementation of the convention by creating policy programs for their departments through dialogue with user organizations, and by mapping the accessibility to public places. The results also show that the assistant officers have been given no information regarding the convention or the policy programs from their employers and instead operate from national legislations and prepositions. The user organizations feel that they were initially included in the process, but that their impact has later been removed due to structural reorganization.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 13.
    Agvall, Josefin
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Skedebäck, Moa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Motivation och arbetstillfredsställelse hos personal på vård- och omsorgsboende: En kvantitativ studie inom äldreomsorgen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Currently, eldercare has trouble with recruiting employees, which results in an increase in staff turnover. High turnover affects the quality of care and reduces motivation and job satisfaction. Raising motivation and job satisfaction would improve the well-being of both the staff and the elderly. The aim of this study was to examine hygiene factors and motivation factors according to Herzberg’s twofactor theory of care-home staff. This was examined according to which factors motivates staff to stay at their workplace. Data was gathered using a questionnaire, designed with the help of Herzberg’s 14 factors. The participants for the study were chosen because of availability to the study in terms of time and geographical proximity. 43 respondents participated in the study. The data of the study was analyzed through descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Results showed that the most positive estimated hygiene factors were interpersonal relations (40%) and job security (37%). The most positive estimated motivation factors were responsibility (44%) and recognition (37%). The factors that the respondent thought motivated them to stay at their workplace were work itself (56%) and job security (49%). We did not find a significance of the inferential statistics, but we found a significance correlation between the estimated hygiene and motivation factors (r = .73, P <. 001). In conclusion, both hygiene factors and motivation factors were equally as important to staff’s motivation to stay at their workplace. The study enlightens the importance of understanding what creates job satisfaction of care home staff to decrease turnover among staff and increase the well-being and the quality of care for the elderly.

  • 14.
    Ahlberg, Rebecka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Barnets bästa: En kvalitativ studie av familjerättssekreterarens arbete med barns delaktighet i samarbetssamtal2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how family law secretaries in Sweden works with fulfilling the best interests of the child in collaboration talks and how they get children involved in the process. I have performed five semi-constructed interviews with family law secretaries from different municipalities. In order to achieve broader answers to my questions I have chosen to use a qualitative method. This method was also chosen to enable the possibility of follow-up questions. I gathered data from previous research in this area by searching after these keywords; child’s best, collaboration talk, custody, family law, children’s participation in investigations. The collected data was then analyzed with three different theories; Michael Lipsky’s theory about grass root bureaucrats, Svensson, Johansson & Laanemets’ theory about the social worker role and Roger Hart’s participation model.  The participants that were interviewed all stated that it was difficult to fulfill the child’s best as it is an open concept that can be interpreted differently depending on the secretary’s individual knowledge and scope. Among the participants there were some of them that had deeper knowledge concerning the principle of the child’s best. This knowledge had been achieved through further education which ensures higher certainty that the child’s best has been fulfilled, but also raises awareness on when participation of the child in collaboration talk is possible. For those secretaries that are lacking this deeper knowledge in this principle agree that there are difficulties to ensure that the child’s best has been fulfilled. Because of the difference in knowledge there were variances in deciding when it was possible for a child to participate in the collaboration talk. Some of the secretaries thought that it was important to get the children involved in collaboration talks, but some thought that collaboration talks were not a platform for small children to participate in. This means that children are encountered in different ways depending on which family law secretary they meet and in what municipality the collaboration talk is held in.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Ahlbäck, Ellinor
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Eriksson, Niina
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    "Det fungerar ju eftersom det inte är så många som ansöker"...: En kvalitativ studie om socialtjänstens stöd och insatser för spelberoende2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vårt examensarbete är att undersöka de möjligheter som personer med spelberoende har till att få hjälp från socialtjänsten. Vi vill också få en förståelse för socialtjänstens ansvar och deras agerande i sammanhanget. Resultatet som vi fått fram har vi analyserat utifrån ekologisk systemteori. Vår studie har genomförts i en mellanstor kommun och i en liten kommun i västra Sverige. Resultatet av studien visar att det är svårt för en person med spelberoende att få hjälp. Det finns inga direktiv i de nationella riktlinjer från Socialstyrelsen (2007) som säger att kommunerna måste tillhandahålla stöd och insatser för dessa personer. Den mellanstora kommunen tar bara emot om det finns ett annat missbruk, som alkohol eller narkotika, spelberoendet kan då behandlas samtidigt som det andra missbruket. I den lilla kommunen tas däremot dessa personer emot och där jämställs spelberoende med andra beroenden. Vi upptäckte att det finns en brist på kunskap om spelberoende bland personalen och att de flesta önskade sig utbildning i ämnet. Det råder också en osäkerhet bland personalen om vart de ska skicka personer med spelberoende, som verkar slussas runt mellan verksamheterna. Det visade sig att de flesta hänvisas till Spelberoendes förening som är en frivilligorganisation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 16.
    Ahlgren, Thorbjörn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Institutionalisering på hemmaplan: En idés resa i den sociala barnavården2014Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis describes and analyses in three substudies how home-based measures for children are expanding and why an open care idea are established as part of the Swedish child welfare. The first substudy describes the national increment of what today can be considered as a treatment policy – non-institutional care in child welfare. The results are analysed with Kingdon's agenda setting theory and shows that the factors of what Kingdon describes as problems-, politics- and policyflow influenced the national increment. Significant mechanisms have primarily been, the profession, the society's concerns for socially disadvantaged children, negative experiences of institutionalisation and a political position to deinstitutionalise all care. The second substudy focuses on how knowledge and research contributes to ideological, professional, and organizational change in child welfare by analysis of Research & Developments reports and articles from the professional journal Socionomen. Based on the neo-institutional concepts of organisational fields and isoformism the study's results shows that a consequence of adaptation strategies and "rationalized myths" are a number of similarities in how home-based measures are organized and which measures that are used. The third substudy, a case study, analyses how we can understand a local development of ideas in social services for children with concepts from neo institutional theory. Interviews and municipal documents are analysed and shows that the local translation of an open care idea is characterized by discretion, personal preferences and action and affects the choice of method and organization. The study also shows a political mistrust of institutional care while there is at the same time political confidence in the individual social worker's ability to find solutions that allow non-institutional measures to be an alternative to institutional care.

    An overall conclusion of the thesis is that there is now a treatment policy in social services for the children, which involves extensive efforts at home and it has led to that more children receive support from social services. One result of non-institutional care increment is that it led to increased costs for municipalities for intervention for children and young people when out-of-home care has not decreased. Another general conclusion is that translation and adaptation of ideas to local contexts is something that generally fits street-level bureaucrats need for discretion.

     

     

     

    Fulltekst (pdf)
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  • 17.
    Ahlgren, Thorbjörn
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Ungdomsbehandling: Hemmaplanslösning som idé och praktik2007Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Open-care Treatment of Youth. Home-ground Solutions in Theory and Practice

    This dissertation is a case study in two parts, which describes how ideas about open-care treatment of youth aged 13-20 years are interpreted and concretized in a local context. The study, i.a., aims at creating deeper knowledge about target group, content of treatment, and reported results concerning a form of treatment in social care which has hitherto been sparsely researched in Sweden. The results of the interview study demonstrate that the driving forces for developing local forms of open care treatments have first and foremost been to offer better care and to improve the professionalism of the social worker. Studies of the social welfare documents of 97 young people reveal that most of these youngsters are in bad need of treatment and that they have experiences of various kinds of treatment before the present efforts. The study also demonstrates that the efforts are rarely evaluated and lack systematic documentation. Finally, the study reveals that more than 60 per cent of the youth get some sort of continuous support by the social welfare system after the open-care treatment has come to an end. The results from both parts of the study are analysed by means of neo- institutional theory. According to this theory the local open-care treatment consists of an indistinct target group, family-oriented methods, and activities that have been legitimised by strong proponents, good timing, professional development, and by representing important political values.

    In conclusion, the author argues that open care treatment shows signs of a beginning institutionalisation, a taken-for-granted-ness, which he thinks is risky, as we still do not know if open-care treatment is more favourable to the young people than different kinds of 24-hour care. In addition, the author holds, that the future role of the social worker should include knowledge that decreases unfounded taken-for-granted ideas.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 18.
    Ahlm, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Pettersson, Catrin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Organisering av arbetsträning: En kvalitativ studie om handledares syn på arbetsträningens organisering och arbetet med socialt utanförskap2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about job training for people with psycho-social problems without income. The purpose with this sort of job training is to bring these people back to the regular labor market as well as the experience of having a job. In the labor market situation in Sweden today there’s no guarantee that the individual will return to the labor market after having undergone job training. The aim of this study is to understand how supervisors at job training activities experience that the organizations of the activities and resources affect their work. We shall also explore how the supervisors assess if the structure of the activity weaken or enhance the job trainees’ social exclusion. Our research questions are:    

     

    1. How are job training activities organized?

    2. How do the supervisors work with the job trainees’ social exclusion?

    3. How does the structure of the activity affect the supervisors’ discretion?

     

    We have in this study done interviews with supervisors. To understand our result we have used Hasenfelds (1983; 2010) and Lipskys (2010) theories about human service organizations and the discretion of street level bureaucrats.The result shows that the job training activities are organized in different ways. The supervisors work with the social exclusion by creating routines in the every-day life, a social network and increased self-confidence for the job trainees. The result also shows that all the supervisors experience a great discretion in their work but that this discretion is affected by external factors.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Ahlqvist, Christian
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Jönsson, Henrik
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för pedagogik.
    Fotbollens arenautveckling utifrån ett storstadsperspektiv: En nulägesanalys av arenautvecklingen i Sotckholm, Göteborg och Malmö2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk fotboll bygger för framtiden. I Sveriges tre största städer byggs det fotbollsarenor för närmare 2,5 miljarder kronor. Den största arenan byggs i Solna och blir den nya nationalarenan för Svensk fotboll. Göteborg river Gamla Ullevi och bereder plats för en ny fräsch arena för storklubbarna. I Malmö har Malmö FF öppnat plånboken och bygger en ny arena.

    Nya arenor skapar nya möjligheter för Svensk fotboll. Men det är inte bara arenorna i sig som skapar möjligheter utan flera faktorer (interna & externa) runt om påverkar den aktuella utvecklingen. De politiska, ekonomiska, sociala och teknologiska faktorerna påverkar de

    möjligheter fotbollen kan ta till sig genom den expansion och förändring som sker. Det är därför viktigt att belysa hur dessa faktorer samverkar och få reda på hur faktorerna förhåller sig till

    varandra och ut mot fotbollens intressenter, det vill säga publik, kommun, förening och näringsliv. Vägen mot en attraktivare, mer underhållande och säkrare fotboll har tagit sin början och det är nu upp till arenaägare och lag att locka till sig befintliga och nya kundgrupper.

    Målet med uppsatsen är att analysera hur de interna och externa faktorerna påverkar den utvecklingen som sker och hur man kan gå tillväga för att öka mervärdet kring fotbollen.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 20.
    Ahlqvist, Jonna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Garmer, Maria
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    ”Ett fyrkantigt yrke”: Om hur barnperspektivet riskerar att hamna i skuggan av organisationens villkor i ekonomiska biståndsärenden2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how administrators of financial aid experience that legislation and municipal guidelines take a children’s rights perspective into consideration, and whether there, within the organizational structure and its norms, is room for maneuvering in order to meet the needs of children. A children’s perspective has since long been included in Socialtjänstlagen and has only gotten stronger since The Convention on the Rights of the Child became a part of Swedish legislation. According to research prior to this study the public debate has been lively as to what is an acceptable living standard for children and whether or not the conditions should be allowed to be affected by the limited recourses of the guardians. The results of the study show how the financial aids administration mainly focuses on an adult perspective where demands on guardians sometimes trump the needs of children. Furthermore, the study shows that there is no unanimous answer to what can be considered a reasonable standard of living for children. This causes administrators of financial aid to be caught between two contradictory sensations. On the one hand they feel relatively free in how they can maneuver within the guidelines given by the organization, on the other hand they are restrained by national guidelines. In summary it is apparent that the children’s rights perspective within financial aid is dependent on a large number of parameters ranging from the individual human standpoint to the national and formal ones, all of which need to be taken into consideration.  

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Ahrens, Karolin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Engman, Sara
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Högskolestudenters psykiska hälsa: Kartläggning av självskadebeteende2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of deliberate self-harm in a Swedish University population.

    Method: A random sample of first year students at University of Kalmar was invited to participate in an Internet-based survey in the autumn of 2007. A total of 139 (53,1 %) completed the anonymous survey.

    Results: The results showed that 25,2 % (n=35) of the students reported having engaged in some kind of deliberate self-harm at least once, and deliberate self-harm was endorsed by 7,9 % within the past year. The most frequently procedures to self-harm were to tear, carve or pinch self, cutting skin and hitting self on purpose. 37,1 % reported that they had told no one about their self-injurious behaviors and 36,4 % significantly reported that they had no one they trusted and who they could talk to if they were concerned about something. Students with self-injurious behavior were also more likely to report a history of emotional, sexual and/or physical abuse, alcohol and drug use, cut classes and questioning their sexual orientation.

    Conclusions: Findings suggest that self-harm is associated with risk factors and that self-injury is not only associated with adolescence but also with adulthood. It is therefore important to continue studies in both populations.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 22.
    Ahtiainen, Sandra
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Larisa, Memisevic
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    "Ge dem något annat än mörkret de befinner sig i": Om kuratorers arbete med suicidala ungdomar på ungdomsmottagning2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our thesis has been to examine and establish an understanding for the working method that professional social workers have in the meeting with suicidal adolescents in regard to discovery and treatment. Further we were also interested in whether differences in the working methods exist depending on the sexes of the adolescents. The method has been qualitative in the form of semi-structured interviews conducted with seven professional social workers in Sweden and analyzed with help of two theories, empowerment and gender-theory. Results have shed light on the importance of relationship building that takes place in conversational context. Social workers rely highly on empathy and respect during supportive treatment sessions as well as having an eye out for detecting initial signals of suicidality, which require sensitivity and attention. In regard to adapting the working methods to youth gender, results have shown that the social workers rather adapt to the individual than the specific gender, hence providing a question whether further research in terms of help seeking abilities between the different sexes is needed in social work. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Airosto, Alexandra
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Viktorsson, Sofie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    "Man lever bara en gång": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om varför campusstudenter konsumerar alkohol utifrån ett normperspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Consuming alcohol can affect the mental and physical health, lead toaddiction and affect the development of the brain before the age of 25.Nevertheless binge drinking remains a widespread problem amongstuniversity students. Drinking norms in people's surroundings can affect theirdrinking habits. This study aims to understand why students consume alcohol and the apprehension of the drinking norm on a campus by doing semi-structured interviews with eight students who are living on a campus. The

    data is analysed through Theory of Planned behaviour and the focal pointsare injunctive, descriptive norms and associations. The result shows thatcampus students consume alcohol because they think it is fun, it helps themsocialize and to avoid or let go of stressful things and negative thoughts. Wecan interpret from the interviews that the drinking norm on campus is thatstudents are expected to drink alcohol at social events. The result also showsthat students tend to value the positive effects of drinking alcohol more thanthe negative consequences. The interviewed students had more mutualpositive associations towards drinking than mutual negative associationswhich implies that drinking norms affects drinking habits and associationstowards drinking.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Ajeta, Vjosa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Hasselquist, Maja
    Mottagandet i särskolan: -En kvalitativ studie på vilka bedömningsgrnder två kommuner fattar beslut om elevers rätt till inskrivning i särskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Akyol, Zozan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Masri, Yaman
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    "Det är ju enormt viktigt att finnas och inte lämna.”: En kvalitativ studie om gräsrotsbyråkraternas strategier för att motverka boendesegregationen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand how officials on a municipal level work to counteract residential segregation, to contribute with knowledge regarding which opportunities and obstacles the municipality's officials face. The selected municipality has four vulnerable areas, characterized by socioeconomic and ethnic residential segregation. Qualitative research methods were chosen as a data collection since much previous research on segregated acres have been quantitative. The study was based on semi-structured interviews with eight officials who work with residential segregation. A qualitative content analysis was used based on a coding scheme as a result of systematically explaining the content of the empirical evidence. The analysis was based on previous research and Lipsky's theory of street-level bureaucracy, specifically within the perspectives about discretion and the strategies to increase discretion. As a conclusion the four main teams that can be found in the results are: municipality Omega's work to counter residential segregation, the municipality's strategies during the work to counter residential segregation and the officials' description of both the opportunities and the obstacles they have faced in the work. Within these four teams we can find important key points such as segregation patterns and background in the municipality Omega's work to counteract residential segregation. The important key points in strategies were area based interventions, establishing meeting places, and early intervention towards children. In opportunities, the key points were improved information transmission between the municipality and citizens, improved cooperation and the authorities' presence in priority areas. In obstacles the key points were high due to relocation of residents in the priority areas, the influence of the media on the vulnerable area's image in the social debate, lack of time and lack of resources for officials during the work to counteract residential segregation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Det är ju enormt viktigt att finnas och inte lämna
  • 26.
    Albin, Björn
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, HV.
    Siwertsson, Christina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Svensson, Jan-Olof
    Informal care of the elderly in Sweden- Carers situation.2011Inngår i: Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work Review, ISSN 1178-5527, Vol. XXIII, nr 1&2, s. 66-77Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Aldebert, Carl
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Jonsson, David
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Kampen om arbetslinjen: En diskursanalys av begreppets framställning och politiska innebörder under valåret 2010 i tidningarna Aftonbladet och Svenska Dagbladet2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of the work-first principle (arbetslinjen) might be considered old, but still serves as the main principle as well as an instrument in the Swedish labour market and social policy today. The original idea was that work and willingness to work was to be rewarded, especially due to a common opposition against the passive receipt of grants. The general definition of work, today, is that it is something desirable that should be achieved and that unemployed primarily will be offered training or work rather than grants and subsidies. When the Moderate party re-launched themselves as Sweden's "workers' party of today", in the beginning of the 2000's, the concept was brought back into the spotlight. In the elections of 2006 and 2010, the labour market was widely debated and become a controversial issue, with the concept of the work-first principle playing a major role.

    The purpose of this thesis is to analyse and problematize how the concept was presented and explained in the nationwide newspapers Aftonbladet and Svenska Dagbladet during the 2010 elections, this in order to increase the understanding of the concept’s contemporary definition and policy implications. This was done by analysing news articles, including articles from the debate and cultural sections, as well as editorials in afore mentioned newspapers, through a discourse analytical approach using the conceptual and analytical tools from both the discourse theory and the critical discourse analysis. The result of this thesis shows that the discourse is not primarily a matter of the work-first principle’s existence or nonexistence but rather how it should be defined and what to include. Other main result was that the common definition of the work-first principle and its content, during the election of 2010 (1 January - 19 September), was closely connected to the policy of the, ruling Alliance Government.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 28.
    Alexandersson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Eriksson, Fanny
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Särart och likhet, så vinner ASF legitimitet: En fallstudie om arbetsintegrerande sociala företags etablering.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how work integration social enterprise (WISE) established their enterprises. To reach the aim we collected data through qualitative in-terviews from six persons with experience of starting a WISE. Four managers, one exec-utive and one consultant. The research focused on their experience of the enterprises’ start up periods. The research shows that the enterprise is searching for legitimacy from its surrounding but in different ways depending who they are interacting with. The research presented in this study also shows four different factors important to WISE in the estab-lishment process; relations, needs, personal resources and the story about WISE.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Ali Rostam, Awan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Fuentes, Miryam
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Det finns ingen mall: En kvalitativ studie av socialsekreterarens överväganden vid placering av barn och unga i samhällsvård2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa intervjustudie var att få förståelse för hur socialsekreterarnas handlingsutrymme och kunskap används vid placeringsöverväganden av barn och unga i samhällsvård. Med hjälp av våra frågeställningar ville vi få svar på, dels hur socialsekreterarna beskriver sitt handlingsutrymme vid placeringsöverväganden, dels hur socialsekreterarna förhåller sig till kunskap vid dessa bedömningar. Studiens intervjupersoner var socialsekreterare som har arbetat eller arbetar med att placera barn och unga. Utifrån det våra intervjupersoner har berättat är vår slutsats att socialsekreterarnas bedömningar påverkas av flera faktorer. Dessa faktorer var bland annat resursbrist, lagstiftning samt vägledning av arbetsledning. Kunskapskällor som socialsekreterarna använde sig av var klienternas och kollegornas erfarenheter samt egna erfarenheter. Socialsekreterarna nämnde inte handlingsutrymme i arbetet utan poängterade enbart de begränsningar de hade vid utförandet av arbetet. Vår tolkning är att socialsekreterare beskriver begränsningar och diskussionerna i arbetet kan vara en anledning till att den inte vill ensamt ansvara i de svåra bedömningarna.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 30.
    Alic, Alma
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Samuelsson, Julia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    ”Det är lätt att känna sig lite förminskad, särskilt om man är socionom”: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om socionomers arbetsroll på Barn- och Ungdomspsykiatrin2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the working role of active social workers in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Sweden. The aim is to understand how they consider their work role to be affected by the medical domain in which they work. By interviewing eight active social workers in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry the three questions we aimed to answer were: How do social workers at Child and Adolescent Psychiatry perceive their work role? What experiences do social workers have of practicing their profession in a medically dominated workplace? How can these experiences be understood in relation to the sociologists' perceptions of their work role? In our analysis we used the theories of discretion, professional boundary work and the two power concepts power/knowledge and legit power. The results show that there are factors that affect the social worker's work role at individual, organizational and societal levels. The conclusion is that the social workers generally have a subordinate role whilst at the same time express a feeling of development while working with different professions. The social workers feel as if they have a holistic perspective unlike the other medical professions. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Aliti, Lindita
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    IMMIGRANTS’ INTEGRATION IN SWEDEN: Swedish young adults’ perceptions and attitudes2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Integration of immigrants is an interactive process of learning a new culture, an obtaining of rights, access to a position and status and building of personal relations between migrants and the receiving society.  Their ability to reciprocally adjust to intercultural encounters is one of the most important factors of successful integration.

    Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate Swedish young adults perception and attitudes towards immigrants and immigrants’ integration into the Swedish society. Furthermore the aim is to study their perception of social interaction of immigrants and the Swedish host society. How Swedish young adults perceive their country’s immigration policy.

    Method:  A qualitative research, using an online open-ended questionnaire and in-depth telephone interviews were applied to collect the data about Swedish young adults perceptions and attitudes. The transcribed data were subjected to thematic analysis.

    Result:  The results of the qualitative research helped to understand Swedish young adults perceptions and attitudes. The findings showed that two of the biggest reasons that Swedish young adults support immigration are: humanitarism and labor force. Swedish young adults are very aware of immigrants’ integration in Sweden. They socialize with immigrants and have contact with them in daily basis. Swedish young adults, have a negative opinion regarding Sweden’s immigration policy

    Conclusion: Swedish young adults define immigrants as a people born in one country but move to another (particularly in Sweden) with an intention to reside there permanently. Regarding their acculturation expectations, they support integration as the best acculturation strategy. They think that immigrants in Sweden are “half way” integrated, geographically segregated, discriminated, prejudiced in different degrees and immigrant woman are the most excluded category.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    IMMIGRANTS’ INTEGRATION IN SWEDEN: Swedish young adults’ perceptions and attitudes - Lindita Alliti
  • 32.
    Alkhatib, Ola
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Darwich, Emil
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Att bli gammal i ett främmande land.: En kvalitativ studie om äldre syriska invandrares perspektiv på åldrande och socialt stöd.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to increase understanding of how older Syrian migrants experience aging in Sweden as well as their perspective on needs related to aging and how these needs can be met. The empirical base of the study was eight semi-structured qualitative interviews. In addition, theories about Maslow's hierarchy of needs and social support were applied to the study to enable a further analysis of our respondents' perspectives on aging, perspectives on Swedish elderly care and perspectives on relative support. The result of the study shows that our respondents feel that it is difficult to see how their needs as elderly people can be met. They live in a country with a different language and culture without having any knowledge about the new country. They also believe that the responsibility lies mainly on their relatives instead of searching for help or support from the public elderly care, because they think that the help offered by the elderly care is not prepared to their individual needs. The study concluded that our respondents think that aging in a foreign country does not give the same feeling as aging in their home country. Learning a new language is certainly not easy for them. It is also not easy for them to live in a new society with its norms, culture, and tradition. All of our respondents are dependent on their adult children and need help with various things. This help that children provide for their elderly parents is an obligation in their culture.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 33.
    Alldén, Sarah
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Khalil, Ruusl
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Rudolfsson, Amanda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Att behandla för vad och vem: En kvalitativ studie om hur professionella konstruerar ADHD och missbruksproblematik i sitt arbete.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur professionella talar om ungdomar med ADHD-diagnos och missbruksproblematik i relation till bemötande. Studien har också som avsikt att ta reda på hur diagnosen ADHD tas i beaktande av professionella i behandlingsplaneringen. Datainsamlingen har erhållits via semistrukturerade intervjuer med en kvalitativ metodologisk utgångspunkt. Resultatet har sedan analyserats utifrån de två valda teorierna som har använts i denna uppsats; von Wrights relationella och punktuella perspektiv samt socialkonstruktionismen. Urvalet innefattar sju professionella som jobbar på olika öppenvårdsmottagningar i flera olika städer. Samtliga sju intervjuades på sina arbetsplatser.

     

    Studiens viktigaste resultat visar att samtliga intervjupersoner upplevde ett större flöde av ungdomar med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar som blir föremål för missbruksbehandling. Ändock var det en diskrepans i åsikter gällande om man bör förhålla sig till diagnosen ADHD eller inte. Enligt vissa deltagare bör man förhålla sig till ungdomen och inte specifikt diagnosen medan andra ansåg att professionella bör ha kunskap för att kunna förhålla sig till ungdomar med en diagnos. Några oväntade resultat var kopplingarna till ADHD-diagnos under samtalen. Det uppkom att vissa ansåg att begåvning var något som kunde hindra behandlingens resultat mer än en diagnos. Även odiagnostiserad ADHD kom på tal. Ungdomar och föräldrar har ofta en önskan om att utredas för ADHD. Anledningen är att man vill ha en diagnos som orsaksförklaring istället för att komma till underfund med ungdomens problematik. Detta såg vissa deltagare som en kunskapslucka om ADHD hos privatpersoner. Detta då kunskapen om de potentiella konsekvenserna en diagnos kan frambringa inte förekom som erkända av anhöriga och omgivningen. Trots ovanstående punkter finns det inte specifika riktlinjer vid verksamheterna som professionella följer i mötet med ungdomar som har diagnosen ADHD och samtidig missbruksproblematik. Även om det fanns en avsaknad av särskilda riktlinjer var samtliga intervjupersoner eniga om att skapandet av allians och individanpassade behandlingsprocesser är väsentligt för goda behandlingsresultat.

     

    Studiens slutsats är att yrkesverksamma inom ungdoms- och missbruksvården behöver få större förståelse för hur neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar och missbruksproblem relateras till varandra och hur detta ska bemötas professionellt. Detta medför en särskilt viktig aspekt att överväga vid behandlingsplanering, vilket är varför implementering av evidensbaserad praktik anses vara inte bara en trygghet för professionella men även för ungdomarna missbruksvården möter. Med en uppdaterad evidensbaserad praktik som är anpassad efter ADHD samt missbruk, skapas en kunskapsgrund och ett förhållningssätt som kommer präglas av det socialpedagogiska tankesättet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 34.
    Allgurin, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Enell, Sofia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Battling parenting: The consequences of secure care interventions on parents2023Inngår i: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 28, nr 1, s. 108-116Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Secure care in Sweden is the most intrusive child welfare intervention, and children and their family members have restricted contact. For each child in secure care, there are at least twice as many affected family members and parents who must manage the consequences of this institutionalization. Clearly, it is just as important to understand how secure care affects parents as it is to understand how secure care affects children. To address this issue, we conducted in-depth interviews with 11 parents to eight children who had been placed in secure care during their childhood, focusing on the institutional and societal structures that affected these parents and their parenting. With a narrative approach, stories alluding to a metaphor of war are identified. These stories reveal how all parents (but especially single mothers) are affected by their diverse socio-economic positions and the rigid frames of family life presumed by child welfare interventions. In these narratives, parenting emerges as a social practice rather than a skill. Above all, the stories demonstrate a great deal of vulnerability and sensitivity of parenting. The findings raise critical questions about the meaning and overarching consequences of institutional interventions in a family life.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Almerud, Amanda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Att bryta en kriminell livsstil: En kvalitativ undersökning av KRIS-medlemmars erfarenheter av att bryta med kriminalitet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Att bryta en kriminell livsstil
  • 36.
    Almqvist, Simon
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Lenz, Arved
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Civilsamhällets sociala arbete: Som ett sätt att komplettera eller ersätta den offentliga välfärdssektorn2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate how professionals working within the Swedish Church and the City Mission in a municipality in southern Sweden describe their work with individuals in financial crisis, as well as whether and, if so, how they perceive themselves as complementing or replacing the responsibilities of the municipal welfare agency. During the ongoing inflation, prices for essentials such as food, rent, and electricity have increased, placing additional strain on the welfare state and the efforts of social workers to meet the needs of individuals in economic hardship. There is a lack of consensus in the research regarding the role that the Swedish Church and the City Mission should play in social work and the extent to which they provide aid. In times of inflation, the question becomes particularly relevant as civil society actors become more relevant when societal resources are insufficient. To address our research questions, we conducted a qualitative interview study involving eight participants from the Swedish Church and the City Mission. We employed neo-institutional theory to interpret our empirical data. Our study revealed that the Swedish Church and the City Mission in a municipality in southern Sweden emphasize their multifaceted function and flexible approach, enabling them to address various forms of needs among individuals experiencing financial crisis. They described themselves as being able to complement certain aspects of the municipal welfare agency's responsibilities, but their resources were too limited to fully replace these functions. Our study demonstrated that they could provide limited amounts of food, financial resources, and create a sense of community and belonging inside their organization.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Almqvist, Therése
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Pohlman, Mari
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Strategier för en gräsrotsbyråkrat: en intervjustudie av biståndshandläggning i äldreomsorgen2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In our paper we chose to study care management in the old age care. According to the law for the social services the needs of elderly should govern the assistance they are granted. But research has shown that municipal guidelines govern the assistance and that the elderly have to adjust their needs to them. Thus there is a discrepancy between law and practice. The aim of this study was to understand how care managers relate to municipal guidelines, laws and the requests of elderly when the application for assistance is established. We wanted to understand what strategies they use to deal with situations when the aforementioned factors are not consistent. The theoretical approaches we chose were Lipsky’s theory of street-level bureaucrats. The method we used was qualitative and consisted of six informal interviews made with care managers in the municipality of Växjö, Sweden. Based on our interviews we identified eight different themes: the availability of resources, directing conversations and the use of routines, legitimize decisions, legitimize through the possibility of entering an appeal, legitimize through constructing the client, the adaptation of the objectives to the possibilities to perform them, diminishing their capability and professionalism. Our conclusion was that the requests of elderly did govern their assistance, as long as they coincided with the municipal guidelines. If the requests fell outside the guidelines it often required medical or social reasons for granting them. The municipal guidelines were never abandoned to create a uniquely designed assistance.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 38.
    Alriksson, Moa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Larsson, Ellen
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck: en kvalitativ studie om professionellas erfarenheter av utslussning från skyddat boende2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to understand how social workers deal with honour-related violence, with special focus on the processing from sheltered housing. Our qualitative interviews with social workers that work with this kind of problems show that there are both obstacles and opportunities in the processing from sheltered housing. On the negative side are the loneliness, the shame and the guilt that the girls may experience when they need to leave their families. The social services can both be an obstacles and an opportunity. When the girls need to create a new life in a new city they have a lot of opportunities and in the same time it is hard to get to know new friends when you don´t know the city or have much money. The culture in Sweden and the Swedish norms are governing in an unproblematic way according to the social workers. They also think the girls need to deal with two different macro systems, the culture that the family comes from and the culture in Sweden. To help the girls in this situation requires much energy, time and labour. The professionals think these girls are dreaming about a normal life, but the girls must learn to protect themselves for the rest of their lives. This means that they never will be able to tell anyone the whole story of their background.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 39.
    Alsafouri, Isak
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Aldgård, Axel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    “Straffet börjar när man kommer ut”: En kvalitativ studie om tidigare dömda personers övergång till arbetsmarknaden efter ett avtjänat fängelsestraff2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Transition to the labor market after serving a prison sentence can be a complex experience for former offenders. In this qualitative study, we interviewed eight individuals who have served time in prison and either initiated or completed their way back to the labor market. A criminal record resulting from a prison sentence not only impacts the job-seeking process but also subjects individuals to stigmatizing gaze from the society. The societal perspective can lead former offenders to internalize these views. However, seeking support from social contacts and engaging with helping organizations can act as coping strategies, facilitating the reentry process both emotionally and practically. These strategies play a crucial role in empowering individuals to embark on the journey back to the labor market.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 40.
    Alstam, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Finding a suitable object for intervention: On community-based violence prevention in Sweden2022Inngår i: Societies, E-ISSN 2075-4698, Vol. 12, nr 3, artikkel-id 75Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, local municipalities, working in collaboration with the police, are assigned an important role in community-based crime prevention and the promotion of safer neighbourhoods/cities. The strategies adopted are supposed to be informed by the policies of national advisory bodies, which emphasize surveying the current situation, problem analyses, systematic planning of interventions and evaluation of efforts. This paper reports on a three-year research project that studied local crime prevention/safer community practices in four so-called ‘particularly vulnerable areas’ (PVAs) using meeting observations and stakeholder interviews. The analysis shows that when constructing intervention strategies, the actors involved had to navigate between different organizational logics and found it difficult to demarcate a suitable object for joint efforts. When they were able to find an object to be targeted, such as youth at risk of drug abuse or low-level criminality, they could rely on a collective mindset, but they struggled in situations where a joint effort was not possible, such as when dealing with the risk of aggravated violence or when the operations got close to more organized crime—both elements that form part of the definition of PVAs. This failure may partly be explained by competing logics dominated by idiosyncratic action in line with bureaucratic rules and routines. This finding raises questions about a putative but non-articulated limit to crime prevention and whether a predetermined approach aligns with the prescribed sequence of survey, analysis, intervention planning and evaluation when faced with more brutish violence.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Alstam, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Possible selves. Gang passages, projective imaginations, and self-transformations2024Inngår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 136-148Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Belonging to a criminal gang often strongly influences members’ identities, particularly their self-perceptions and social roles. Entering or leaving a gang may challenge members’ understandings of the meaning and structure of their lives and threaten their sense of control. The aim of this study was to explore how members narrate these transitions and whether such stages may be seen as liminal passages. This article draws in particular on the theory of possible selves, which suggests that people change through experiencing their present selves as incomplete versions of their anticipated selves. We analysed data from two qualitative research projects on gang exits using content analysis from interviews with clients and employees in one Swedish exit programme and clients at correctional facilities or probation services. In addition, data consists of interviews with employees from these. The analysis suggests that while gang members narrate entry as a continuation towards understanding themselves and their potential place in the world, leaving the gang implies entry into a liminal terrain with fewer role models and possible projective imaginings of their future selves. Such liminal passages are analytically linked to a need for role models and experienced guides to manifest a way forward and support defectors in the process of leaving. Gang leavers need ‘ceremonial masters’, in this case professionals with experience of exiting processes, to support them in imagining and creating new lives and new selves outside of the gang. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 42.
    Alstam, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Required alienation?: The monitored self in a health promotion programme in secondary schools of three Swedish municipalities2020Inngår i: Pedagogy, Culture & Society, ISSN 1468-1366, E-ISSN 1747-5104, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 333-349Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Promotion is an institutionally mediated effort to bolster or redirect a person’s health, strength, and other assets to build resilience. We analyse a Swedish version of the Life in Action promotion programme used in secondary schools in three municipalities. Focusing on types of alienation as framed in the programme, we argue that Life in Action’s treatment of the psyche as an object in need of conscious monitoring, nurturing, and enhancement of qualities such as positive attitude and self-discipline signals the teenage participants’ required alienation. Concluding the article, we discuss how this type of alienation may already be present in participating students, and also how it may be necessary for young people about to enter work-life in the era of late capitalism.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 43.
    Alstam, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Holm, Daniel
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Ett smörgåsbord av möjligheter: en värderande analys av Passus avhopparstöd för personer som lämnar gäng och kriminalitet2021Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Gäng framställs inte sällan som ett hot mot samhällets ordning. Våldsamma uppgörelser mellan olika konstellationer har sedan åtminstone 20-hundratalets inledning återkommit i upphettade politiska diskussioner såväl som i medierna. Krav på mer kraftfulla åtgärder har varit gängse, ofta med starka repressiva inslag där polis och kriminalvård varit de centrala aktörerna. Denna rapport belyser gängtillvaron, och framförallt vägen ut från sådana från ett annat håll. Här får vi möta personer som fått nog av gänget och vill starta om med ett annat slags liv. Vi möter personer med låg tillit till samhällets förmåga att stödja dem i vägen ut, och undersöker vad det är i Passus avhopparverksamhet som skänker hopp om att ett annat liv är möjligt. Den väg de har att vandra är i många fall lång och det finns mycket som utmanar under resan, och som skulle kunna få dem att vända tillbaka. Genom att erbjuda ett flexibelt stöd som kopplar an till den enskilde när, på det sätt och i de avseenden som behövs exemplifierar Passus hur ett stödarbete skulle kunna se ut. Nämligen att erbjuda ett smörgåsbord fullt av möjligheter.

    Rapporten vänder sig till alla som professionellt, i sin utbildning eller på annat sätt har intresserade av arbete med gäng och att skapa alternativ till gängtillvaron. Den är skriven av Kristina Alstam, lektor i socialt arbete vid Göteborgs universitet, Torbjörn Forkby, professor i socialt arbete och Daniel Holm, adjunkt i socialt arbete, de två senare vid Linnéuniversitetet.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Version 1
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Reviderad version: Med förtydligad information om att det är Passus verksamhet i Stockholm som studerats
  • 44.
    Alstam, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wahlgren, Paula
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för pedagogik och lärande (PEL).
    Lokalt brottsförebyggande arbete - avgränsade insatser eller strategiskt samhällsbyggande?2023Inngår i: Prevention med barn och unga: Teori och praktik för socialt och pedagogiskt arbete / [ed] Forkby, Torbjörn;Enell, Sofia;Thulin, Johanna, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2023, s. 319-340Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 45.
    Alstram, Kristina
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lektion i drömstyrning: utvärdering av skolprogrammet Star for Life2018 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Star for Life är ett främjandeprogram avsett för högstadiet som syftar till att hjälpa ungdomar att sätta upp mål för sig själva och som bland annat innehåller färdighetsträning i motivation, studieteknik och uthållighet. Eleverna följer programmet från det att de börjar i årskurs sju, tills de går ut årskurs nio. Passen leds av lärare men bygger i stor utsträckning på elevernas interaktion. Programmets konkreta övningar inriktas mot att hjälpa till med konkreta tekniker och metoder med vilkas hjälp man kan tillvara den egna mentala kraften. Programmet avser också att stödja eleverna till reflektion över ambitioner och/eller uppsatta mål – är de rimliga, hur kan man hålla motivationen levande för sig själv och vad gör man om man inte omedelbart lyckas? Har då de deltagande eleverna nytta av den svenska versionen av programmet och i så fall, hur märker man det? Vilken slags nytta är det fråga om? Vad är det för slags problem som programmet tänks lösa och med hjälp av vilka tekniker? Hur iscensätts programmet i praktiken och vad tycker eleverna om det? Dessa frågor har legat till grund för den utvärdering som Institutionen för socialt arbete vid Göteborgs universitet gjort mellan åren 2014 och 2017. Utvärderingen startade våren 2014 och avslutades hösten 2017 och den inbegriper fyra interventionsskolor (skolor som använder sig av programmet) samt två kontrollskolor i kommunerna Ale, Partille och Söderköping. Utvärderingen har följande tre fokusområden: effekter av programmet, innehåll och arbetsmetoder inom programmet samt i viss utsträckning implementering. 

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 46.
    Alvarsson, Emilia
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Ungdomar och politik: 2001-2006 i Olofströms kommun2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    I have done a research about how youth councill in Olofströms rural district work in practice and if this conduce to the rural districts work of democracy. My intention is to examine how the youth councill has workt, how it was build up and why did the rural district decide to start a youth councill in Olofström. Did the intentions agree with how the youth councill worked in reality? The choice of subject is to look at how the local democracy work is working in reality. The youth councill is an example on that.

    My methods are interviews with politicians in the rural district and close reading of the rural districts minutes and decisions about youth councill and the youth councills bills between 2001 and 2006. The study gives a chronological illustration over which questions were young people interested of during the period. I have come to the conclusion that the youth councill works relative well but not every politician thinks so as it come out of the interwiews. The youth councill has consolidated the democracy work in some extension.

  • 47.
    Alwan, Jomna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Abdi, Jasmin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Att få vara sig själv: Om skolkuratorers arbete med HBTQI-elever i grundskolan2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore and understand school counselors' experiences and work methods towards students in elementary school who identify as LGBTQI and experience vulnerability as a result of this. LGBTQI-youth are described by the Swedish government as particularly vulnerable in schools because of their LGBTQI-identity. Previous international research confirms that LGBTQI-students experience vulnerability, which affects them in their health, wellbeing and school experience. However the context in Sweden is quite unexplored, which implicates a research problem. A qualitative method was used to answer these questions by conducting eight digital semi-structured interviews with school counselors from different municipalities in Sweden. These interviewees were contacted by gathering their email addresses from school websites. Two theories were implemented in order to understand the empirical data, which include queertheory and the critical theory. Both of which are part of a social constructionist theory approach. The results of this study shows that Swedish school counselors have different opinions on the targeted group’s vulnerability and the possibilities, conditions and obstacles of their work. Therefore they also work in different ways. Still there is a consensus that this is an important issue that all schools should prioritize and that the responsibility does not lie solely on school counselors. These results are important because they shine light on the Swedish context and inspire further research.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Ambjörnsson, Erik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Fungmark, Jimmy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    "Vad du behöver göra är att bestämma dig för att bli drogfri och följa den planen": En netnografisk studie om missbruksvård2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to research the effect stigmatization has on alcohol and drug abusers. Furthermore the purpose is to understand if stigmatization prevents people from seeking professional treatment in order to overcome their addiction. This is done using a qualitative approach, seeking knowledge on one of Sweden’s biggest online forums, Flashback. In order to gain knowledge from people who themselves suffer from addiction this study is based on several discussions in forum threads where addiction treatment is discussed. To analyse the data and research how stigmatization affects individuals with an addiction Goffman’s theory of stigma is used. To further analyse the result Scheff’s notion of shame and Cooley’s looking-glass self is used. The most prominent way to become free from addiction that was discussed was to strengthen your character or in other ways retake control of your own life. People often thought the reason a person was stuck in addiction was because of weak character or other character flaws. Drug and alcohol abusers was often portrayed as unsuccessful individuals. This shows how stigmatization of drug and alcohol abuse is reproduced. Professional treatment was in some cases discussed as a helpful method to help battle addiction, though not as often as the “strengthen your character” alternative. The result also shows that people stuck in addiction is not a homogeneous group where there is a consensus on how to best battle addiction. In contrast the result shows that everyone seems to carry their own opinion on how to best overcome addiction.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Ambjørseie, Ida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Johansson Hultqvist, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    En värdig död: En kvalitativ studie om hur arbetet att tillgodose omsorgstagares psykosociala behov organiseras i den palliativa vården inom äldreomsorgen 2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our thesis is to shed light on how the work to meet the psychosocial needs of the elderly is organized in the palliative care in elderly care, and what role and significance the professional social work can have in such an activity. The purpose is concretized in the following question statements; What is the role and responsibility of the caregiver for their caregivers and elderly patients. What strategies does a health care curator use compared to care staff in general palliative care to meet the psychosocial needs of the elderly and what significance can the presence of a health care curator in general palliative care have for the psychosocial support in elderly care. 

    Our findings was that based on the results, there is a difference in whether the elderly receive palliative care through the specialized palliative care or through the general palliative care. The reason for this could be that the health care curator is not mandatory in the general palliative care and our findings suggest that this could be a contributing factor. 

    Our conclusions are that regardless of whether the elderly have lived a long life, palliative care must have high quality to meet the ethical standards. According to assistant nurses, what has emerged during the results is above all that more resources are needed for the caregivers to feel sufficient at work and at least have the opportunity to meet psychosocial needs. The interviewees have also pointed out a lack of competence at psychosocial support in the existing medical workforce. Therefore we interpret, based on the results, that it is a health and medical care curator who is needed in the palliative care to be able to ensure a dignified death.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Anand, Janet
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland, Finland.
    Bjerge, Bagga
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Järkestig Berggren, Ulrika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA). Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, Hållbar hälsa.
    Perspectives on violence2020Inngår i: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 95-99Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
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