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  • 1.
    Adler, Anne-Kathrin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Google AdWords - Infringing or Liberalizing Trade?: A Comparative Analysis of Treatment of Google AdWords under U.S. and EU Trademark Law2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Since Google as the world's largest and most popular search engine encourages Internet users to browse their search results, it is naturally functioning as an advertising vehicle and has turned into the most profitable Internet company in world's history. Google's success, however, has been subject to strong criticism as one of the main concerns is linked to Google AdWords, which reveal keyword-triggered advertisements as well as sponsored links besides unsponsored search results. Courts both in Europe and the United States under different trademark legislation felt forced to address the collision of pre-Internet trademark infringement doctrines with modern technology. 

    As Google AdWords have changed the way consumers observe Internet advertisements and search engines, the boundaries of trademark law have continuously been pushed forward. This development, thus, raises the question of whether Google AdWords by now are considered to function as trade liberalizer or trade infringer under two different trademark jurisdictions. 

    What is certain as of now is, that if the current circumstances are to change, courts cannot solely rely on old doctrines to adapt to new situations. Instead, new rules should not be subject to isolated court proceedings by individual instances regarded that jurisdictions of courts are limited by territorial boundaries and Google AdWords have evolved as an element of borderless online sphere. Taking these new challenges into account, this paper argues that addressing trademark issues originated by AdWords will demand an international consideration and coordinated efforts between the EU and the United States to bring forward an international solution. 

  • 2.
    Almström, Magdalena
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Sjöfartshögskolan (SJÖ).
    Svanberg, Henrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Sjöfartshögskolan (SJÖ).
    Sjörättsmål: En jämförelse mellan målen i Sveriges sjörättsdomstolar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige har sju stycken tingsrätter har blivit utsedda till att behandla sjörättsmål. Sjörättsmål innebär antingen tvister eller brottmål med anknytning till sjöfarten på svenskt territorium.

    Syftet var att kartlägga och redogöra avgjorda brottmål och tvistemål hos sjörättsdomstolarna över tid. Studiens frågeställningar fokuserade på typer av mål, skillnader mellan domstolar och förändring över tid. Studien fördjupade sig i domar rörande handelssjöfarten.

    Som metod valdes litteraturstudie och vid uppföljande frågor gjordes intervjuer med myndigheter och sakkunniga. Litteraturen i denna studie var de 153 domarna som meddelades mellan 2009 och 2013.

    Av alla domarna var det fem tvistemål och 148 brottmålsdomar, om 13 olika rubriceringar. Den största skillnaden mellan domstolarna var antalet avgjorda mål och någon förändring över tid kunde inte påträffas.  

    Andra slutsatser var att fartygs befälhavare, som har det yttersta ansvaret, undvek åtal om denne inte varit närvarande vid åtalshändelsen. Ett mörkertal råder angående sjöfylleri bland yrkessjömän ute till havs. 

  • 3.
    Almén, Mimmi
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Det är dags att vi bryter isen: Damhockey eller "hockey", den riktiga ishockeyn.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    To create a successful development in sports, gender equality is required. The lack of gender equality within the sport as an organization is therefore a problem and historically, sports is characterized by a gender structure where women is subordinate to men. The purpose of this essay is therefore to increase the knowledge of  the position of women within the field of ice hockey, and to open up for an analyzis of the gender equality within the rules of ice hockey using the theory of social constructionism. The theory makes it possible to highlight the meaning of commonly used concepts within the gender equality debate such as masculinity and femininity as social constructions depending on culture and history and how they change over time. This leads to the question of how the level of gender equality in the rules of ice hockey can be understood by using a social constructive theory. In order to achieve the purpose, the essay has the legal analyzis method as a basis to make the analyzis more nuanced. Interwiew as a method has also been used to create additional support for the conclusions. The study shows that there are significant differences in the rules of ice hockey that causes a problem with gender equality, but if you look under the surface, you could find that what seems to be natural, really is not. The rules of ice hockey, and the problem of gender equality are social constructions that changes under influence by the social environment.

  • 4.
    Aminoff, Elin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    En studie om konflikter i arbetslivet och det  systematiska arbetsmiljöarbetets roll som verktyg till förebyggande arbete.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The main subject of this essay is conflicts at work and the effect it has on the employee´s health.  I can through various reports read that bad health at workplaces is too high and that conflicts are a reason. What can be done to the work environment so it will be better from a psychosocial perspective? Sweden has a regulation that makes the employer responsible to work for an improvement in the work environment; can these regulations be used in purpose to reduce conflicts?

    My first question concerns the possibility to establish preventive procedures in the workplace systematic work regarding to improve the work environment. My second question is about the obligations of the employer to attempt to reduce conflicts at the workplace and the third question regards the documenting and monitoring of conflicts and the preventing work to reduce them. The purpose of this essay is to clarify how conflict preventive work can be included in the Systematic work environment management. To find answers to my questions I will interpret and analyze the current Swedish law but also international law. Current law and regulations will be supplemented with interviews to obtain information about the employer´s approach to preventive work regarding conflicts.

    After analyzing the material I come to my conclusion that it´s possible to use current regulations as a tool to reduce conflicts at workplaces and through that also reduce sick leave due to psychological disorders. But there is a need to set up more concrete routines that makes the employer´s obliged to take all measures deemed necessary. 

  • 5.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Polisutbildningen (PU).
    Befogat innehav av kniv2016Inngår i: Juridisk Tidskrift, ISSN 1100-7761, nr 1, s. 119-123Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Polisutbildningen (PU).
    Författningssamling i polisrätt: 20162016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Författningar i polisrätt samlar de mest centrala lagarna med relevansför den polisiära verksamheten. Här presenteras rättsnormer från olikarättsområden såsom t.ex. offentlig rätt, straffrätt, processrätt ochsocialrätt.Boken riktar sig i första hand till studerande vid polisutbildningen menkan förstås lika väl användas av polisanställda som av jurister och andramed intresse för den polisiära juridiken.Författningarna återges som de lyder den 1 juli 2016.

  • 7.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Författningssamling i polisrätt: 2017/182017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Författningar i polisrätt samlar de mest centrala lagarna med relevans för den polisiära verksamheten. Här presenteras rättsnormer från olikarättsområden såsom t.ex. offentlig rätt, straffrätt, processrätt ochsocialrätt.Boken riktar sig i första hand till studerande vid polisutbildningen menkan förstås lika väl användas av polisanställda som av jurister och andramed intresse för den polisiära juridiken.Författningarna återges som de lyder den 1 juli 2017.

  • 8.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för socialt arbete (SA).
    Ingrid Gärde Widemar: 1912-03-24 — 2009-01-02. Jurist, justitieråd, politiker2018Inngår i: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, Göteborg: University of Gothenburg, 2018Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 9.
    Anderberg, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Polisutbildningen (PU).
    Oaktsamhetsbrotten i svensk (och finsk) rätt – ett halvsekel senare2016Inngår i: Tidskrift utgiven av juridiska föreningen Finland, ISSN 0040-6953, nr 5, s. 497-516Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    När Carl Elwing 1963 i JFT skrev en artikel om oaktsamhetsbrotten i svensk rätt var brottsbalken visserligen beslutad men hade ännu inte trätt i kraft. Mer än ett halvt sekel har passerat och det kan väl därför vara på sin plats med en uppdatering. Även den finska strafflagstiftningen har genomgått en stor revision och utan anspråk på egentlig fördjupning skall ändå en viss utblick även till Finland göras här.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Annie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Religionsfrihet eller jämställdhet - vad väger tyngst?: En studie om hur den rättsliga avvägningen görs när två rättigheter kolliderar med varandra.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has become an increasingly multicultural society where different religions and values ​​meet. Recently, the Swedish Labour Court decided, whether a company´s policy that demands an employee to shake hand, prevent the employee´s freedom of religion or if the policy had a legitimate purpose since it was a way of achieving equality between men and women at workplace.  The aim of this essay was to investigate how the court judges when the employer´s obligation not to discriminate on the ground of gender collides with an employee´s freedom of religion. In order to answer the question and achieve the purpose of this essay, the author has used a doctrinal method.  By studying the current law, the author of this essay has concluded that freedom of religion is protected by European Convention on Human Rights, article 9. The right to believe is complete, and is called forum internum. The right to practice a religion through a religious manifestation, is called forum externum. This right is not complete and can be restricted.  Freedom of religion has a strong legal protection, but there are situations where the right of others also must be considered. A employee has, in working life, not only rights, but also obligations towards the employer. This may imply restrictions on a employee's freedom of religion since the employer has the right to lead and distribute the work. An employer is obligated to work for an equal workplace. If the means used to achieve gender equality are appropriate and necessary, the freedom of religion in working life can be restricted.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Robert
    Linnéuniversitetet, Polisutbildningen.
    A blessing in disguise: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder diagnosis and Swedish correctional treatment policy in the twenty-first century2012Inngår i: Penal Exceptionalism?: Nordic prison policy and practice / [ed] Thomas Ugelvik, Jane Dullum, London: Routledge, 2012, s. 156-171Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Andersson, Robert
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Polisutbildningen (PU).
    A Culture of Intervention - Vagrancy and Drug Treatment in Sweden from the Late 19th Century Until Today2017Inngår i: Scandinavian Penal History, Culture and Prison Practice: Embraced by The Welfare State? / [ed] Scharff-Smith, Peter & Ugelvik, Thomas, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 1, s. 103-125Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish social democratic welfare state seems to be the result of some unique historical set of circumstances. A vital condition seems to be that reform instead of revolution became the king’s way to changing society. In practice this meant that a certain set of problematizationswere put to use which pointed toward the welfare state as a political solution. My interest here is how the welfare state was opened as a political arena. For Vanessa Barker the social democratic welfare state is not the solution to “(…) a more just and equal penal order” (2013, p. 21). On the contrary, due to ethno-nationalism and weak constitutional traditions regarding individual rights, the Swedish welfare state has a tendency toward repressiveness against individuals deemed as “others.”

  • 13.
    Andersson, Robert
    Linnéuniversitetet, Polisutbildningen.
    Brottsförebyggande arbete som politisk profilering2011Inngår i: Hela staden: social hållbarhet eller desintegration / [ed] Salonen, Tapio, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag, 2011, s. 267-287Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok handlar om en svensk stads utveckling under några omvälvande årtionden runt millennieskiftet. Staden är Landskrona, men den stadsutveckling som skildras är en strukturomvandling som sker i hela västvärlden idag. Forskningen visar att bostads­omflyttningen handlar om genomgripande samhällsförändringar. Bostadssegregationen är ett uttryck för dessa förändringar.Genom olika nedslag i människors vardagsliv ­undersöker denna bok mötet mellan privat och ­offentligt. Men ­istället för att uppehålla sig vid utpekade problemgrupper eller bostads­områden, analyseras Hela staden. I det vakuum som uppstod efter industriepokens ­dramatiska nedgång har vilsenhet och otrygghet brett ut sig. Staden hålls inte längre samman, vare sig som social eller ­funktionell e­nhet. Genom en fysisk upp­delning mellan rika och fattiga områden och genom föreställningar om olika ”vi” och ”dom”, sönderfaller staden i olika beståndsdelar. Här är begreppet desintegration centralt. Föreställningen om ett samhälle där alla har rätt till delaktighet och välfärd utmanas i ­modern stadsutveckling. Så även grunden för den svenska välfärdsmodellen.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Robert
    Stockholm University.
    Kriminalpolitikens väsen2002Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Andersson, Robert
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Polisutbildningen (PU).
    Terrorismkontroll – en lösdriverilagstiftning för 2020-talet?2017Inngår i: NSfK:s 59th Research Seminar: 9. - 11. May 2017, Örenäs Slott, Sweden, Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, 2017, s. 166-173Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Andersson, Robert
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Polisutbildningen (PU).
    The Downfall of the Rehabilitative Ideal and the Establishing of a new Political Legitimacy in Swedish Crime Policy 1965 to 19892017Inngår i: Bergen Journal of Criminal Law & Criminal Justice, E-ISSN 1894-4183, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 108-130Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The downfall of the rehabilitative ideal is considered a decisive episode if we want to understand the changes that have transpired in crime policy the last three to four decades. In Sweden, the downfall followed abruptly on the final establishing of individual prevention as theoretical bases for crime policy by the enactment of a new penal code in 1965. This paper follows the trajectory of the downfall in Sweden by doing a genealogy thereof. The purpose is to contribute to a more empirically developed understanding of the course of Swedish crime policy during the formative years of the 1970s to the early 1990s. Firstly, the paper addresses the topic by examining the scholarly critique that paved the way for the downfall of the rehabilitative ideal. Secondly, the paper analyses the political handling of the downfall and the consequence this had for policy. Methodological this is done by way of genealogy exploring the historical pedigree of present-day crime policy in Sweden, not as a linear development, but as plural and sometimes contradictory pasts. Theoretical the paper aims to analyze the trajectory by way of a governmentality perspective, i.e. it focuses on crime policy as a means of governing life and the population, thus exploring the different forms governing takes.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Robert
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Polisutbildningen (PU).
    Nilsson, Roddy
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Svensk kriminalpolitik2017 (oppl. 2)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken beskriver och analyserar den svenska kriminalpolitikens utveckling från en institutionsbaserad och straffbetonad kriminalpolitik i statens regi, över välfärdsstatens sociala ingenjörskonst, till dagens ”nya” kriminalpolitik med växande betoning på liberala styrningsmodeller, kontroll och risktänkande. Strafftänkandet har fått en renässans, samtidigt som brottsoffren uppmärksammas allt mer.I denna reviderade och utökade upplaga diskuterar författarna särskilt vilken betydelse EU-medlemskapet har haft för den svenska kriminalpolitiken samt hur den förändrade situationen i världen – inte minst hotet från terrorismen och de ökade flyktingströmmarna – lett till en gradvis sammansmältning av kriminalpolitiken med säkerhetspolitiken.

  • 18.
    Andersson, Robert
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Polisutbildningen, VPU.
    Wahlgren, Paula
    Renhetens kriminalpolitik: fortifikation, kontroll och den visuella nedsmutsningen2008Inngår i: “Disorder in Urban Public Space: Resistance or Crime?” “Economic Crime, Organised Crime and Corruption”: NSfK:s 50th Research Seminar / [ed] Morten Nilsen, Aarhus: Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology, 2008, s. 234-242Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens kriminalpolitik och brottspreventiva arbete bygger på olika former av kontroll. Arbetet baseras på en orsaksbild där brott uppstår på grund av bristande kontroll, vilket ger att brottsförebyggande arbete handlar om ökad kontroll, gärna upp till en nolltoleransnivå. Genom teorier som Fixing brokens windows går också det brottsförebyggande arbetet hand i hand med målsättningar om att göra staden ”ren och vacker”. Ett utryck för dessa ambitioner är Stockholms stads klotterpolicy. De senaste åren har emellertid sett framväxten av ett fenomen som vanligtvis går under begreppet gatukonst, ett estetiskt uttryck som inte helt enkelt låter sig inordnas under stadens nolltolerans. Gatukonsten väcker frågan om vilka kulturella uttryck som skall tillåtas finnas i staden. I detta arbete tittar vi dels på fenomenet gatukonst i relation till dagens kriminalpolitik, dels försöker vi utveckla en teoretisk modell för hur man kan förstå dagens skeenden. Denna modell tar sin utgångspunkt i att styrandet har förskjutits från ett styrande av befolkningen till ett styrande av territorium.

  • 19.
    Anxo, Dominique
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Entry and exit patterns from the labour force: a European and life-course perspective2015Inngår i: Age Discrimination and Labour Law: Comparative and Conceptual Perspectives in the EU and Beyond / [ed] Ann Numhauser-Henning, Mia Rönnmar, Kluwer Law International, 2015, 1, s. 17-48Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Aronsson, Amelie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Den svenska modellen och dess framtid2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study reflects on the swedish model and the models future. The swedish model

    means that legisilation acts with the collective agreements . The wage issue is not

    regulated by law instead it is managed by the social partners in the form of collective

    agreements. In 2008, a report was presented by the Commission on a joint regulation of

    the minimum wage for all EU countries. The issue has become increasingly

    controversial and was especially disccused for the election of candidates to the

    European Parlament last spring. Such regulation as the comission proposed leads to a

    threat to the Swedish labour model. Therefore the aim of this study was to illuminate

    the Swedish model and to study alternative solutions to the model in an international

    perspective. A method with sociology of law perspective was chosen and considered

    suitable to answer the purpose of the study. This study indicates that the swedish model

    is a succesfull model but the model is facing several challenges. Due to the swedish

    membership in EU we have to considerate both national and international law and these

    are not allways compatible. The model embrace a high number of employees but there

    are some groups of people that are excluded. Thoose who are excluded are not

    organized in the union like post workers and young adult workers. It is abious that the

    model sustains limits and there fore a good complement could be collective agreements

    with erga omnes effect.

  • 21.
    Aronsson, Peter
    Linköpings universitet.
    Vansinniga brott?: ropande pigor i samtid och eftervärld2010Inngår i: Småländska brott: brott och straff i Småland under 500 år / [ed] Lennart Johansson, Roddy Nilsson & Håkan Nordmark, Växjö: Historiska föreningen i Kronobergs län , 2010, 1, s. 151-172Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I sexton avsnitt berättas om några av de brott som begåtts i Småland från 1500-talet till mitten av 1950-talet. De skildras ur olika perspektiv och olika brott och brottstyper står i fokus. Bland annat handlar det om Kronobergs läns sista avrättning 1850 och två av den småländska kriminalhistoriens mest omtalade rättsfall, mordet på Anna Johansdotter 1906 och den så kallade Husebyhärvan på 1950-talet

  • 22.
    Arvidsson, Karolina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Meddelartrygghet: För privatanställda på offentligt finansierade jobb2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines how notifies security looks for private employed workers in jobs founded by the public. The aim is to clarify the legal situation surrounding notifies law, and to analyze possible shortcomings in the law with a focus on the future.

    Notifies law is based on five cornerstones. Where freedom of information, a right to provide information to the media for publication, “acquires the right” and protection to be anonymous when talking to the press goes to all workers. The other two pillars, “a look up prohibitions” and “retaliatory forbid” apply only to employees in the public sector. Workers in the public sector has a stronger protection in a inform situation then a privately employed worker has. Differences in announces protection can be problematic when the former traditional public services such as schools, health care and care is conducted in private. Employees in these sectors with a history of strong protection as they provided information to the media, no longer have the same protection with a private employer. This despite the fact that they have the same work activities, are carried out with the same public funds and the importance of transparency and protecting the interests, ought to exist.

    The work addresses the policy tools that affect notifies law. The essay examines include committee directives, reports, legislation and social change. It is the individual perspective that characterizes the investigation. Individual perspective is broadened by a social, historical, international and gender perspective.

    The study divides the legal differences in announces security between different groups of workers in a legal and in a perceived part. There are legal differences that depend on the employer, the employee has. When the employee is not aware of the differences, instead you can talk about the perceived legal protection. Furthermore, the essay takes up the gender dimension of health, education and care is dominated by women. This affects women as a group due to the structural changes in the labor market, leading to impaired announces protection for those who move to private employers.

    The work concludes that the law surrounding announces security is difficult to take in and to form an opinion about. Notifies court extends across different areas, and in some sectors, there is special legislation. The paper calls for a comprehensive legislation, making notifies law more transparent and easier to absorb for workers as well as managers and employers. It is desirable that such legislation should include all workers, regardless of employer.

    Keywords: Freedom of expression, freedom of information, announces protection, job security, open government.

  • 23.
    Arvidsson, Oskar
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Johansson, Pierre
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Lean Productions påverkan på ekonomistyrningen: En fallstudie inom Gnutti Powertrain AB2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbete, civilekonomprogrammet, Ekonomihögskolan vid Linnéuniversitetet, ekonomistyrning, 4FE03E, VT 2013

    Titel: Lean Productions påverkan på ekonomistyrningen - En fallstudie inom Gnutti   Powertrain AB

    Bakgrund: Allt mer konkurrensutsatta marknader har inneburit att företag sökt nya sätt att utveckla och effektivisera sina verksamheter. Detta har resulterat i att många företag valt att införa produktionsstrategin Lean Production. Flera forskare har påvisat att den traditionella ekonomistyrningen inte är anpassad till och lämplig för företag som använder produktionsstrategin Lean Production. Detta har inneburit att den traditionella ekonomistyrningen måste förändras och utvecklas för att kunna stödja de förändringar som den nya produktionsstrategin ger upphov till. Därmed blev det intressant att studera ett enskilt fallföretag för att identifiera om och hur detta företag har förändrat sin ekonomistyrning till följd av användandet av Lean Production. 

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att utifrån det enskilda fallet Gnutti Powertrain AB bidra med en förståelse för hur ekonomistyrningens utformning och användning påverkas av användandet av den avancerade produktionsstrategin Lean Production. Studien syftar även till att identifiera och beskriva vilka ytterligare förändringar som Gnutti Powertrain ABs ekonomistyrningen kan behöva genomgå för att stödja företagets nya produktionsstrategi.

    Metod: Uppsatsen är en kvalitativ studie bestående av en fallstudie av det tillverkande företaget Gnutti Powertrain AB. Insamlingen av data har primärt bestått av intervjuer men innefattas också av direkta observationer och insamlad dokumentation som exempelvis information från affärssystemet, årsredovisningar och företagsdokument.  

    Resultat, slutsatser: Resultaten i denna studie visar på att användandet av Lean Production leder till olika typer av produktions- och organisatoriska förändringar vilka påverkar utformningen och användningen av ekonomistyrningen. Det påvisas också att fallföretaget förändrat ekonomistyrningen, inom områdena redovisning, budgetering, kalkylering och prestationsmätning, till följd av införandet av Lean Production. Genom en omfattande analys av fallföretagets nuvarande ekonomistyrning har det också identifierats och beskrivits ytterligare förändringar som fallföretagets ekonomistyrning kan genomgå. Förslagen utgörs av en metod som kan användas för att identifiera och utvärdera de operativa förbättringarnas påverkan på det finansiella resultatet samt hur företaget kan förbättra sitt kalkyleringsförfarande genom att utveckla arbetet med Value Stream Costing.

  • 24.
    Athle, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Förstadagsintyg: Ett misstroende eller en utsträckt hand?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate and analyse the employers legal right to demand a medical certificate from an employee from the very first day in a leave of absence due to illness. Further the paper will investigate the possible consequences and repercussions that an employee faces if he or she is not willing or able to procure a medical certificate by the demand of an employer. A minor comparative study about work security during illness and sick leave in Sweden and Denmark will be carried out and analysed. To gain a broader perspective on sick leave a gender perspective will be analysed as well. The paper is largely based on a doctrinal method of traditional legal analysis.

    Due to the change in legislation regarding sick pay paid by employer in 2008 all employers without collective agreements gained the right to demand a medical certificate from an employee. Reasons behind the requests can vary from an early start in rehabilitation to the suspicion of unrightfully use of sick pay.

    The general rule in Sweden unlike Denmark is that you cannot be dismissed due to illness, and there are comprehensive obligations for an employer to partake in the rehabilitation and return to work for an employee. Permanent reduced capacity for work or lack of cooperation in the rehabilitation process by the employee stipulates exceptions for dismissal due to illness. By not procuring a medical certificate an employee could consequently face dismissal.

  • 25.
    Bennarsten, Julia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Var går gränsen?: Om sexuella trakasserier i arbetslivet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how the legal protection against sexual harassment at work functions, and where to draw the line. The study is limited to focus on the sexual harassment directed at women from men, because it usually occurs that way even though only a few report the incidents. The results are discussed from a gender perspective on how the distribution of power is between men and women as a way to explain sexual harassment.Sexual harassment is currently protected by the discrimination law and the EU principle of equal treatment for men and women. For a behavior to be considered as sexual harassment it has to be unwanted by the receiving party and the person practicing the harassments must be aware that the behavior is perceived as offensive. The behavior shall be of a sexual nature and contribute to a disadvantage for the victim in the form of a violation of that persons integrity.It is the victim that determines whether the behavior is perceived as sexual harassment or not, what one person believes is a friendly behavior may be perceived as offensive by another. Therefore, it becomes difficult to know where to draw the line, it is not defined in law and it is a subjective assessment. There are some behaviors that clearly are sexual harassment, but when it's not as clear, a notice is needed to the person performing the harassments. If the behavior continues after the warning it counts as sexual harassments.It is the employer's responsibility to ensure that sexual harassment doesn’t take place in the workplace and to investigate the incidents when it occurs. Only the employer can be held accountable in court for not fulfilling its investigation duty. A worker can’t be sentenced for sexual harassment if it doesn’t involve serious crimes which are regulated in the Penal Code.Sexual harassment is usually carried out by men against women and is therefore an important gender issue. Sexual harassment must be understood from a gender power perspective and it’s a way to maintain gender power relations between the sexes, where men have the power and are superior to women. The creation of gender power relations are both conscious and unconscious and maintained from both men and women, where sexual harassment is only a small part of a larger societal problem.

  • 26.
    Bertilsson, Elin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Individuell lönesättning: Rätt väg för jämställda löner?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Today there is still irrelevant pay differential in society. In Sweden in 2010, the average pay differential was 15,4 percent between the sexes. Only 0,8 percent better than EU:s average.

    In Sweden the individual salaries increasingly have begun to characterize the Swedish labor market. Based on this, the aim of this study is to highlight the issue of equal pay between men and women from the perspective of individual salary. This would also been doing with a background in the regulatory environment of equal pay.

    When it comes to equality between women and men it is the area of labor law in EU who is the most developed and in Sweden this is the area who is most affected by EU law. Both in EU and in Sweden it is prohibit with direct- and indirect pay discrimination based on sex in equal and equivalent work. Pay differentials can be objective based if, for example, it has to do with the person's performance or knowledge or market factors. In Sweden the market aspects have a big influence to the employers approach to differences in salaries.

    Sweden has increasingly moved towards to individual salaries but how individual the pay is depends on how it is regulated in collective agreements. What is important to consider in the individual salaries is that a well-developed job values is used. In a job values the works demands on knowledge and skills, effort, responsibility and working conditions should be measured. What is important is that job evaluation is used in the same way on all work and that the requirements are gender neutral. The second criterion we look at in the individual salaries is the person's performance and that usually is being judged on the person's skills, development and achievement. Both employees and workers have a responsibility when it comes to the person's individual salaries.

    The reason why there are pay differences between men and women in society is partly due to the tradition of what seems to be feminine and masculine elements. Since way back, it was the women's commission to take care of the children, the older and the sick. This has been followed with the world in to work and these jobs are now seen as women’s work and have a lower salary.

    There is a positive approach to the basic idea of individual salaries but there is also dissatisfactionwith how it is used in practice. The model can probably not itself contribute to equal pay. The societal view of femininity and masculinity must first be change.

  • 27.
    Björklund, Michelle
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Reglering av sociala medier i arbetslivet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier har fått en allt större roll i det svenska samhället och användarantalet ökar ständigt. I takt med att internetuppkopplingen blivit mer lättillgänglig genom exempelvis smarta telefoner har sättet som kommunikation idag sker på fått nya dimensioner. Privatlivet har således börjat gå in i arbetslivet och tvärtom, vilket har lett till att gränsen blivit otydlig och svårdefinierad. Vad arbetstagare får uttrycka i sociala medier är omdiskuterat och åsikter mellan arbetsgivare, Arbetsdomstolen och andra aktörer går isär. Den grundläggande Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen inskränks i den privata sektorn av lojalitetsplikten och även rätten att kritisera arbetsgivaren begränsas. Hur långtgående arbetsgivares bestämmanderätt är i fråga om reglering av sociala medier är en annan problematik. Arbetsgivare har möjlighet att skapa olika typer av riktlinjer och policies och är relativt obegränsade i utformningen av dessa genom arbetsledningsrätten. Lagstiftningen har i vissa fall fått svårigheter med att följa den snabbt växande teknikutvecklingen, vilket därför har lett till att ändringar i exempelvis Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen och Tryckfrihetsförordningen ofta måste göras. Sociala medier domineras av den yngre generationen och det har skapat klyftor mellan olika ålderskategorier. Hur dessa klyftor påverkas av att sociala medier får en större roll i arbetslivet studeras i uppsatsen genom ett åldersdiskriminerande perspektiv. Frågeställningarna baseras på arbetstagares skyldigheter, arbetsgivares bestämmanderätt, åldersaspekten samt vilka effekter regleringar av sociala medier har i samhället.

  • 28.
    Bornliden, Linn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Rektorers psykosociala arbetsmiljö2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to review the legal situation of the psychosocial work enivronment for principals. The purpose is also to get an increased understanding for how the principals work environment can affect people involved in the swedish school. The psychosocial work environment is explained through studying European law, national law and case law. The principals work situation is studied by different sources, for example from the Work Environment Agency and a report from the Swedish School Agency. The legal dogmatic method has been applied with the legal sociology method to analyze the material. Four interviews have been conducted with principals in Växjö municipality.

     

    The results point out that Sweden needs to claify the legalisation in the area of the psychosocial work environment area. A very unique trial regardning the municipality of Krokom where a man committed suicid, is causing uncertainty in the legal sitaution. Two supervisors were just acquitted from the accusation by the Swedish Court of Appeal, despite they were earlier sentenced in the District Court. The analyze shows that principals in Sweden have a high workload and that they wish for a decrease of aministrative assignments. The four principals that were interviewed agree to that their high workload negatively influences the school. The principals dont have time to participate during lecturing hours in order to provide teachers with feedback. 

  • 29.
    Bull, Elisabeth
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE).
    Införandet av bemanningsdirektivet på svensk arbetsmarknad: vad innebär det för arbetstagarna i branschen?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The essay shows that temporary agency employees work in a complex business. Both labor and management differs from other businesses in the Swedish labor market. Regarding the unemployment insurance, they have previously been separated from other businesses through legislation. Based on the essay question regarding workers protection has the statutory rights for employees been strengthened. This by the implementation of the directive on manning into Swedish law and now covers all workers in the business. It is clear that the overall protection of workers already settled through collective agreements. The labour market parties introduced better protection for the workers than what existed in the Swedish legislation. From this, no direct effects are found regarding differences between the blue and white collar collective agreements in the private sector after the implementation of the directive on manning regarding salory. The level of protection for the workers and the wage principles are both the unions and the defendant agreed at an earlier stage. They pay principles used in the private sector are within the exception for the directive of manning regarding the equal treatment principle. However, wage principles are different in the collective agreements for the employees in the private sector. Both models have advantages and disadvantages. Together with the rest of the protection for workers in their collective agreements it is much more than the directive on manning and the new Swedish law regarding to the directive to legislate. The main difference relating to workers protection is for the employees working for temporary agencies without collective agreements. Their protection has been strengthened considerably by letting the law especially regarding equal treatment and the right to information.

    It is worth noting that all workers in temporary agencies through practice this year will get an improvement regarding unemployment insurance. This by the assessment of the right to unemployment benefits between part-time employment is changing. It can be seen that the business as a whole will be equivalence with other businesses in the Swedish labor market.

  • 30.
    Carlberg, Mathilda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Förhållandet mellan arbetsrätt och straffrätt för statligt anställda: - särskilt vid åtgärder mot främlingsfientlighet inom polisen2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    What happens when employees within the police-force make mistakes in their line of duty? This essay set out to investigate the relationship between labour law sanctions and the criminal law punishments for wrongful acts for government employees. This relationship is also set in the perspective of how acts or statements of xenophobia are handled within the Swedish police-force. Further, the essay aims to examine the principle of ne bis in idem in relation to labour law sanctions and criminal law punishment for wrongful acts, and if these two should be considered in line with this principle. Regarding the relationship between labour law sanctions and criminal law punishment for government employees, the determination for which system to use in any given situation is not fully stipulated. One key aspect is whether the act is carried out in exercise of public authority. By examining cases regarding xenophobia within the Swedish police-force one conclusion that the author has come to is that xenophobia more often is considered an insult (regulated in BrB 5:3) rather than wrongful acts in the line of duty. However, acts or statements of xenophobia are considered wrong and far away from the expected behavior of members of the Swedish police-force. By making an analogy with Swedish tax law an argument can be made that the relationship between labour law sanctions and criminal law punishment for wrongful acts is worth examining, and might not fully be in line with the principle of ne bis in idem. 

  • 31.
    Castro Ramos, Diana
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Araque, Nicole
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    ”Jag har bott på 15 olika fosterhem...” En studie om institutionsplacerade ungdomars livsberättelser.2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The study aimed to capture the institutionalized adolescent´s life stories and identified their thoughts and experiences of being institutionalized. This to understand and analyze the process that they go through to become adults with respect to three selected aspects: family relationships, school attendance and self-esteem. The adolescent´s in this study are or have been institutionalized by and according to Swedish law. It was based on 14 life stories and the purpose were to identify the adolescents thoughts and experience and which was later on used to understand and analyze the results with respect to the three selected aspects. Our analysis was based on two theories; symbolic interactionism and labeling theory. The study concludes that the adolescent´s experience their time in institutions as both good and bad in different levels. Some adolescent´s had realized that the life they were living before they got to the institution was bad for them and that they now have come to conclusion that they deserve to have a “normal” and worthy life. Others are so affected by their life situation and background that they can’t bring themselves to improve their future.

  • 32.
    Colomer, Laia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för design (DE).
    ICH and Identity: the use of ICH Among Global Multicultural Citizens2018Inngår i: Research Handbook on Contemporary Intangible Cultural Heritage: Law and Heritage / [ed] Charlotte Waelde, Catherine Cummings, Mathilde Pavis, Helena Enright, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 194-215Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores how people with a multicultural identity, that is people with no particular place-based identities, not asserting ancestral connections to the land, and a lack of sense of belonging to a single culture, develop a distinctive way of using traditional forms of intangible cultural heritage, specifically cuisine in terms of food diversity, sense and taste experiences, and culinary savoir-faires. Through exploring how multicultural people give meaning and use local and fusion cuisine as an intangible heritage, the chapter discus how globalization, serial migration and multiculturalism are redefining the notions of originality and authority as traditional defined by the 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage.

  • 33.
    Danielsson, Emelie
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för hälsa, socialt arbete och beteendevetenskap, Institutionen för socialt arbete, SA.
    Könade argument i vårdnadstvister: En studie av argument i vårdnadstvistsdomar från 20112012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 34.
    Danielsson, Lina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    Tidsbegränsade anställningar: flexibilitet vs. trygghet?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Tidsbegränsade anställningar fyller en viktig funktion på en arbetsmarknad som står under ständig utveckling och förändring. Arbetsgivare kan använda anställningsformerna ur ett flexibilitetssyfte för att täcka tillfälligt behov av arbetskraft. Flexibilitet har blivit ett allt viktigare begrepp som speglar både EU-rätten och den svenska lagstiftningen om anställningar. I Sverige finns stora möjligheter för arbetsgivare att avtala om tidsbegränsade anställningar.

    De tidsbegränsade anställningarna kallas för otrygga anställningar. Förklaringen till otryggheten är de effekter som kan föranledas av anställningen, dels på arbetsplatsen, dels utanför. Till exempel kan det handla om sämre möjligheter till arbetsrelaterad utbildning och utveckling samt sämre ekonomiska förutsättningar på det privata området. Det har även framkommit att lagstiftningen om tidsbegränsade anställningar bidrar till en segmentering på den svenska arbetsmarknaden där vissa grupper av arbetstagare är överrepresenterade.

    För att skydda arbetstagare och för att förhindra att tidsbegränsade anställningar missbrukas finns lagstiftade begränsningar. Trots begränsningarna har kritik och en anmälan till EU- kommissionen riktats mot svenska lagstiftningen, varpå ett lagförslag om förtydligande nu kommit till stånd. Förslaget har redan innan ikraftträdandet mött kritik från flera remissinstanser som påpekat att det inte är tillräckligt för att vara förenligt med EU-rätten och för att skydda arbetstagare.

    Uppsatsens syfte är således att undersöka tidsbegränsade anställningar ur ett flexibilitetsperspektiv och utreda vilka effekter som gör att anställningarna kallas otrygga, för att tillsammans analysera begreppen. Det har visat sig vara en svår balans att finna, där det ena påverkar det andra. Lagstiftningsförslaget har visat sig inte vara tillräckligt och dagens lagstiftning behöver förändras för att öka balansen, och framförallt för att förhindra missbruk och öka tryggheten för arbetstagare i tidsbegränsade anställningar. 

  • 35.
    Demirok, Cafer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    SkuldsaneringVägen tillbaka för överskuldsatta individer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The first Debt Relief Act was introduced in 1994 into Swedish law. The old Debt Relief Act was replaced on 1 January 2007 by the current Debt Relief Act. The current law is in many ways similar to the older law. The main change is the debt settlement process.The Debt settlement Act's main purpose is to financially rehabilitate over-indebted individuals. This aim should be balanced against the creditors' interest in getting paid for their claims. The idea behind the law is the realization that both the debtor and society as a whole benefits fromthedebt relief agency.The purposeof my essay was partly to describe the debt settlement procedure from a procedural perspective and partly to analyze the condition qualified insolvency. The essay also had the aim to provide an overview of the similarities and differences betweenthe debtsettlement agenciesin the Nordic Debt Relief Acts. Finally, the essayaimed to elucidate the circumstances given special consideration when young people apply for debt restructuring.During the work it was found that the prerequisite qualified insolvencyin the court system was used in a way that is not fully harmonized with the prerequisites meaning in the legislative history and doctrine. The general equitable assessment has also undergone a change.The Nordic Debt Relief Acts were shown to have many similarities. The differences that showed up was of a legal technical nature rather than principled.Regarding young debtors aged 18-29 years it showed that this group had significant difficulties when it came to obtaining debt relief. The difficulty consisted mainly of the problems that KFM have when it comes to forecasting the young people's future earning potential.

  • 36.
    Dushi, Mensur
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Du skall göra som jag säger: Kolliderande intressen mellan personliga assistenter och brukare2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines how the Swedish Act On Support and Service to Certain Impaired persons (LSS) has given rise to substantial opportunities for people with disabilities to participate in society and to live under the same conditions as all other citizens. These objectives have in turn created a new profession, personal assistants, who work daily to transform the words of diversity and community participation into practice. The terms of employment of this new category of workers appear in diverse way both when it comes to the scope of their working tasks, as well as the employment protection especially for workers in the private sector. Because of the discrepancies that exist against the Swedish Employment Protection Act (LAS) and the rich variety that characterizes the performance of work, this inquiry aims therefore to seek to investigate to what extent an employee can be dismissed in relation to the LSS-right to personal assistance as well as how this can be understood from the impaired persons point of view. Initially, a legal scientific method is used to seek answers in this area. A sociological approach has also been applied to complete the parts where laws and other traditional sources of law have not been able to provide satisfactory answers. The findings that conclude this investigation claim that the perceived uncertainty of the tasks as well as the discrepant employment protection is maintained through the continuous link to the LSS-legislation.

     

    Key words: LSS, private sector, dismissal, employment protection, the impaired person’s attitude towards the personal assistant

  • 37.
    Egnell, André
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Stafettläkare - Räddaren i Nöden?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During a long period of time, rental doctors have created a vast debate in Sweden. Currently, there is a shortage of doctors working in Sweden and to guarantee the lawful right to healthcare of high quality the counties must hire doctors through employment agencies. There are different opinions about rental doctors, some thinks the temporary employment results in a negative work environment and furthermore puts the patients at risk. Other people consider the Swedish healthcare to not function without rental doctors.  The purpose of this essay is to investigate rental doctors through a legal perspective and how temporary employment actually affects the patients’ security and the work environment in Sweden’s healthcare. Additionally, I want to examine options for counties to reduce the dependence of rental doctors and employment agencies.

    Through this essay I have foremost found a shortage of specialized doctors in Sweden, although there has been an incline of students in medicine. Counties in the northern parts of Sweden and sparsely populated areas have the vastest dependence of rental doctors, which results in future complications. Rental doctors are a necessity to guarantee a positive healthcare in counties that are having difficulties recruiting personal, but in long-term dependence of rental doctors complications appear. The long-termed temporary employment jeopardies the patient’s security and consistency of the treatment and affects the work environment in the healthcare. A majority of workers values social relations at work and a constant shortage of staff results in stress and illness. Therefore it is a necessity to reduce the dependency of rental doctors, although they are a necessity when no other caregiver is of disposal.

    When Sweden became a part of the European Union, the possibilities expanded for doctors to educate and work all around the union. All states in the union accepted the directive 2005/36/EG which means that all education for doctors to be equal and a simplification of the international labor market. In the beginning of the 21st century there was a growth in Swedish medical students that study and work abroad. There is also an incline of foreign doctors who decides to work in Sweden; furthermore it creates complications including longer introductions and language difficulties. However the inclines of foreign doctors are a useful alternative to reduce the dependence of rental doctors. 

  • 38.
    Ekedahl, Mattias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    När jargongen på jobbet väger tyngre än rätten att inte bli diskriminerad: - En studie om etnisk diskriminering i form av trakasserier på grund av etnisk tillhörighet i svenskt arbetsliv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has been criticized from the United Nations as well as from the European Union for not putting enough effort into discouraging ethnic discrimination on the labour market. At the same time discrimination can be problematic while it’s a personal experience that is to be judged by criterions of the law. This seems to be a particular problem in cases of harassments. The purpose of this study is therefore to examine the national labour law of ethnic discrimination in terms of harassments due to ethnicity. Aiming at creating a more interesting study, the Critical race theory is used to analyze legal judgements from the labour court. By using the legal dogmatic method relevant laws, prepatory works and legal judgements are carefully analyzed in order to answer the research questions of the essay.

    The results of the study points out a special problem when work places are influenced by a rough jargon. This while the consequences are that harassed workers seems to get problems explaining their feelings of being insulted. A rough jargon also makes it harder for both employers and employees who insults others to get awareness and insight about occurrence of eventual harassments. The Swedish labour court tend to judge cases of harassments due to ethnicity restrictive, which results in an inability to respect the exposed employee’s experience. The way of using the burden of proof in these cases is also shown to be handled in a classic way by the labour court. The restrictive judgements and the way of using the burden of proof can be criticized, especially from a critical race point of view, since the consequence is a difficulty for ethnic discriminated employees to win approval in the labour court. Taken together it appears as the Swedish labour court is a part of the structural ethnic discrimination in the working life of Sweden.

  • 39.
    Eklund, Linus
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Utstationering av arbetstagare - en studie om utstationerade arbetstagares arbetsmiljösituation inom byggbranschen 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Swedens membership in the European Union have resulted in an international characterized labour market. The construction sector is the area who employs most posted workers among the 7400 employees who monthly enters the market. It’s also the sector where a big part of the work-related deaths occurs. The purpose of this study is therefore to contribute to a greater understanding of the regulation regarding posted workers, their work environment and the consequences of it. I have been using the right dogmatic method and a social science perspective as complement in order to answer the purpose of the study. The application of the posted workers directive has been criticized for opening opportunities for false self-employment and limiting the trade unions rights. Combined with the Laval-case the trade unions have restricted possibilities to enforce the collective agreements and protect the posted workers rights. Subcontracting processes complicates the investigation regarding which employer who has the overall responsibility for safety regulations and work environment. Foreign workers tend to be a big part in these subcontractor chains with major linguistic difficulties and lack of legislation knowledge which increases the risk of accidents. Arbetsmiljöverket is the authority who has the general responsibility for monitoring that the health and safety legislation are respected by all employers. Their investigations are partially based on the statistics of work-related accidents. But when it comes to foreign workers only more serious accidents are reported to the authority. Which means that minor incidents regarding foreign workers never reaches the statistics.          In summary, conclusion is drawn that the inspection of posted workers working environment are unsatisfied. The hands of the trade unions are tied by the legislation while the inspections by the monitoring authority are based on inadequate statistics. All that combine with the fact that posted workers tend to be unwilling or lack the knowledge to take action for their rights, leads to openings for employers to take advantage of foreign workers.

  • 40.
    Elmdahl, Johanna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Samvetsfrihet: En studie om vårdpersonals rättigheter till och upplevelser av samvetsfrihet vid abortverksamhet i Sverige och Norge2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The right to freedom of conscience is protected by international conventions and declarations of human rights that have been ratified by Sweden. Nationally, the issue of health professionals’ right to freedom of conscience in the abortion care is not resolved by public inquiry. This has led to that Sweden has been notified to the European Committee of Social Rights on the grounds that the country is considered to be violating the Council of  Europe Resolution 1763 and that the proper question to be determined by regulations of the interests that are balanced, based on their legal value in relation to each other. Freedoms, rights and obligations conflict with each other. In Norway the health professionals are legally entitled to abstain from performing and assisting abortion, which the employer is obliged to consider in organizing its activities. In light of the countries different regulations but similar legal traditions, the study includes an empirical comparison of health care employees experiences of conscience in the context of the abortion care. How the Swedish law relates to the legal ruling and normative rules of conscience and whether a right to conscientious objection can be derived from case law, is examined in the study. The legal investigation shows that Sweden does not recognize and guarantee freedom of conscience in the abortion care. The fact that career choices are based on voluntariness speaks in the essay against a right to conscientious objection. This is proved by the ECHR and the European Commission's general view that the manifestations attributable to belief or religion can not be considered a subject to discrimination, if the situation includes possible obstacles to religious practice can be traced to volunteerism. The essays empirical comparison is displaying what the complexity of freedom of conscience means in abortion activities organized by different legal systems. The informantsworking inSwedenfear thataconscience clauseshalllimit women’s rightto abortionandthat health professionalsshould not havean equivalentapproach tothe patients.Furthermore they fearedproblemsrelated toorganization andwork environment.The informantsworking in Norwayhave experiencedproblemsthrough conflictsbetween health professionalsrelated toreservationright.

  • 41.
    Elmkvist, Magdalena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Labour market integration of asylum seekers and refugees in Sweden2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42.
    Elsrud, Torun
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ). Malmö University.
    Lalander, Philip
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Staaf, Annika
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Noise, voice and silencing during immigrant court-case performances in Swedish district courts2017Inngår i: Ethnicities, ISSN 1468-7968, E-ISSN 1741-2706, Vol. 17, nr 5, s. 667-687Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that court-ritual unawareness, linguistic shortcomings andstereotypical images about non-Swedish otherness impair the position and actingspace for immigrants in a Swedish district court context. Drawing on two ethnographicallyinformed research projects focused on courtroom interaction during morethan 20 trials dealing with ‘domestic violence’ and ‘street-related crime’, we claimthat immigrant voices are often silenced due to taken-for-granted practices in court.Through analyses of interviews, performances, interpreted hearings and references toa desirable Swedishness, it is argued that situations are created where immigrantparticipants may experience their possibility of being understood as limited and theirvoices as being unheard. Such conditions are emotionally draining and may result inparticipants choosing silence over stating their case. This is a problem, not only withinthe individual court case, but also for the overall legitimacy of the court system and forissues of institutional trust among citizens.

  • 43.
    Emilie, Bracken
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Den svenska regleringen kring visstidsanställningar, ett skydd för välutbildade svenska män?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Fixed-term employment has become increasingly common in the Swedish labour market, despite that the stated main rule is permanent employment. The phenomenon affects different groups in society, especially since statistics indicate that it is mainly women, young and foreign-born people who have fixed-term contracts.

    Sweden was notified from the European Commission for not having lived up to the minimum requirements that the Council Directive 1999/70/EC framework agreement on fixed-term work issued. Several years of correspondence resulted in that Sweden was faced with the risk to stand in front of the Court of Justice of the European Union on charges of infringement if the law was not changed.

    A new law was presented May 1 2016. Lawmakers had here taken up by the Directive's requirement of maximum total duration of successive fixed-term employment contracts. This resulted in giving 5 § of the employment protection act, a bigger possibility to convert fixed- term contracts into permanent employment contracts than before.

    The purpose of this paper is to look at the differences between different social groups and job security, and to examine, illuminate and analyze the problem of fixed-term employment for different groups of workers and to set this in relation to the EU Directive on fixed-term. To answer the purpose of the essay and research questions the doctrinal method has been used to interpret, investigate and determine the applicable law.

    The new legislation has made it much more difficult for employers to misuse of fixed-term contracts, but it is very difficult to interpret the provisions of the law. In my opinion, unnecessarily complicated which is an important factor that can make the new legislation ineffective. 

  • 44.
    Eriksson, Joakim
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Partiellt allmängiltiga kollektivavtals raison d’être i den svenska modellen: Allogen transplantation eller naturlig progression?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    We live in a global world characterized of economic internationalization. It imposes new demands on our way of managing our world. The Swedish labour market is not an exception. Critics believe that the Swedish model is in need of change. In the context of posting of workers the interplay between social rights and the freedom of providing services gives birth to problematic fields of social dumping. Both Norway and Sweden face similar challenges on the internal market. Nevertheless, both countries have applied different strategies in their work to counteract social dumping. 

     

    This paper aims to compare the Swedish- with the Norwegian model and display how both systems works to prevent social dumping. Further the paper will examine if the Norwegian system with universal collective agreements could be implemented in the Swedish system without creating friction in view of the Swedish model. By using a comparative method with sociology of law the paper brings understanding to the reader for the complex interaction between society and legal systems. This is key to fully grasp why Sweden and Norway has chosen different legal paths. 

  • 45.
    Eriksson, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    "Vi lägger för denna befattning stor vikt vid personlig lämplighet": Kandidatuppsats om användandet av begreppet personlig lämplighet vid rekrytering i offentlig sektor.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The recruitment processes include evaluation of candidates’ qualifications where the employers got the opportunity to base their recruitment decisions on personal suitability. Although the personal suitability often is used in recruitment decisions there is a lack of legal definition of what is comprised within the term personal suitability. However, there are legal regulations such as the prohibition of discrimination and demands of objective reasons in the public sector that restricts employers’ disposal of the personal suitability. This study aims to define the extent to which the concept can be used without being in conflict with the legal regulations entries that restrict the free admission for employers in the public sector. This is followed by the goal of increasing awareness by trying to identify the risks that is associated with the term and how they can be understood from a perspective of diversity in the labour market. The method used for this study is legal dogmatic with its' purpose to examine how the restrictions stands in relation to the use of the personal suitability in court cases. The result demonstrates that employers must be able to set the personal suitability in relation to the qualifications required for the requested position to prove that there is no violation with neither the prohibition of discrimination or the public requirement of objective grounds. The court cases also showed that despite the guidelines evolved through practice is still not completely uniform because each unique situation affects the legal assessment. The risks identified is that the use of personal suitability could possibly mean that discrimination becomes invisible because of possible underlying factors that will determine conclusions the employers makes to found their recruitment decision. With that realization also the problems highlighted for further studies are to in a more comprehensive study examining norms closely based on either the gender or intersectional perspective to gain a deeper understanding of how the use of the personal suitability may lead to consequences for the working populations’ opportunities in the labour market.

  • 46.
    Erlandsson, Amanda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Språkkrav vid rekrytering: Var går gränsen mellan ett lämpligt och nödvändigt kunskapskrav i svenska språket och etnisk diskriminering?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The migration to Sweden has increased in the last few years and in order to diminishsegregation and unemployment among the population, it has been a prioritized matterto help the migrants to enter the Swedish labour market. Employers that set languagerequirements when recruiting can reduce the possibility for a person with a differentethnical background to obtain employment. These language requirements can beappropriate and necessary to achieve a legitimate purpose. This study aims toinvestigate in which cases the employer has the right to set a language requirementand in which circumstances setting the requirement is discriminatory on grounds ofethnicity. In order to answer the research question, a legal dogmatic method has beenused.The investigation indicates that the court judge discrimination on grounds of ethnicityvery restrictively and in some cases fails to enforce the law correctly. Employersseem to evade sanctions easily, for example by implying that the decision is based onthe applicant’s personal qualities. This could be a reason why there are only a fewcases taken to the court.

  • 47.
    Falkung, Annie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för ekonomi och design, Ekonomihögskolan, ELNU.
    The Europeanization of gender equality: A study on EU influence on Swedish gender equality legislation2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has since the membership of the European Union established a new Discrimination act and this thesis aim is to discuss if the EU could be a factor that influenced Sweden to that change. This is done through a discussion of how the EU is mentioned in the preparatory works. Preparatory works are used by the Swedish government in policy making before deciding on a new law and is to give a better understanding to the theoretical background and how the policy-making process deals with the effects of the EU policy at national level. To help explain how the EU could be an influential factor the theory of Europeanization and State-feminist theory are applied. These theories are also discussed further on the role norm entrepreneurs’ play and how they use the EU as an opportunity structure. Through the theory of Europeanization it is explained how the he EU directives have been implemented without any adoptational problems and with Sweden meeting the goals of the directives, national legislation has been developed further. Through the governmental bills, signs show that the EU can be a factor of influence in national legislation in Sweden. It has not, however, been stated that the changes of the acts to the current Discrimination act is done by effects of the European Union.

  • 48.
    Franzén, Robert
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Lönekartläggning och handlingsplan: - en undersökning om det aktiva arbetet för jämställda löner2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Swedens membership in the European Union have resulted in an international

    characterized labour market. The construction sector is the area who employs most

    posted workers among the 7400 employees who monthly enters the market. It’s also

    the sector where a big part of the work-related deaths occurs. The purpose of this study

    is therefore to contribute to a greater understanding of the regulation regarding posted

    workers, their work environment and the consequences of it. I have been using the

    right dogmatic method and a social science perspective as complement in order to

    answer the purpose of the study.

    The application of the posted workers directive has been criticized for opening

    opportunities for false self-employment and limiting the trade unions rights. Combined

    with the Laval-case the trade unions have restricted possibilities to enforce the

    collective agreements and protect the posted workers rights. Subcontracting processes

    complicates the investigation regarding which employer who has the overall

    responsibility for safety regulations and work environment. Foreign workers tend to be

    a big part in these subcontractor chains with major linguistic difficulties and lack of

    legislation knowledge which increases the risk of accidents.

    Arbetsmiljöverket is the authority who has the general responsibility for monitoring

    that the health and safety legislation are respected by all employers. Their

    investigations are partially based on the statistics of work-related accidents. But when

    it comes to foreign workers only more serious accidents are reported to the authority.

    Which means that minor incidents regarding foreign workers never reaches the

    statistics.

    In summary, conclusion is drawn that the inspection of posted workers working

    environment are unsatisfied. The hands of the trade unions are tied by the legislation

    while the inspections by the monitoring authority are based on inadequate statistics.

    All that combine with the fact that posted workers tend to be unwilling or lack the

    knowledge to take action for their rights, leads to openings for employers to take

    advantage of foreign workers.

  • 49.
    Fredholm, Viktoria
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Humanvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Hur arbetar och hur kan skolor arbeta med hållbar utveckling2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en enkätstudie av skolors miljöarbete, det vill säga hur skolorna arbetar med och påverkar den yttre miljön. Syftet med arbetet är att undersöka ett antal skolors yttre miljöarbete, men även de miljömål skolan har för att värna om vår miljö. Resultatet av denna studie är att skolors miljöarbete är alltför knappt, vilket också tidigare forskning visat. På grundval av att resultatet i enkätstudien visade på ett nästintill obefintligt miljöarbete på skolorna samt att de inkomna svaren blev färre än beräknat, så har ett förslag arbetats fram tillsammans med en miljöutvecklare för hur skolor kan arbeta med miljön. Detta för att miljöarbetet skall bli en naturlig del såväl i undervisningen som i skolans övergripande arbete. Arbetet har präglats av miljömedvetenhet och därför har enkätutskicket samt svar på enkäten skett via e-post.

  • 50.
    Fridfelt, Annika
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Undantag från diskrimineringsförbudet: En studie av svensk och europeisk rätt gällande undantagsreglerna från diskrimineringsförbudet i arbetslivet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I have investigated and analysed the legal framework concerning the possibilities for making exemptions from the prohibition of discrimination in the labor market.

    I have used the legal dogmathic method in order to get a full review of the existing sources of law.

    I have presented the principle of equality within the EU aswell as a review of the national Discrimination Act in Swedish legislation. Furthermore, some attention has been given the different forms of exemption rules that exists.

    During the essay, it has been established that the impact from the court practise from the Court of Justice of the EU in this area is of a great significance for the judgements and legislation in Sweden. It has also been established that the principle of proportionality plays a big part in the assesment of whether an act is to be considered as discriminatory or if it constitutes a legal exemption from the prohibition of discrimination.

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