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  • 1. Abrahamsson, Christian
    et al.
    Gren, MartinLinnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    GO: On the Geographies of Gunnar Olsson2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 2. Abrahamsson, Christian
    et al.
    Gren, Martin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Preamble2012In: GO: On the Geographies of Gunnar Olsson / [ed] Abrahamsson, Christian, Gren, Martin, Ashgate, 2012, p. 3-7Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Ahlgren, Annica
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Andersson, Johanna
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Evenemang: -ett vinnande koncept för regional utveckling?2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Event is a phenomenon that lately has become more common, especially within the tourism industry. This essay is a study within human geography and with focus on the meaning and the design of events. The purpose with this essay is to examine and describe the concept of event and to show how events can influence a region. Falkenberg is situated in the county of Halland by the west coast and the sea and because of that a natural tourist destination. The city is a known seaside resort since the end of the nineteenth century. Our method is a case study with interviews with seven of the participants active within events in Falkenberg.

     

    This essay shows that events are limited in time and space, they have their own attraction and uniqueness and it all sums up into what the visitor expects to experience and what they will experience. An event is a business opportunity, and it increases the flow of visitors and money through the region. The image of the region can be influenced by events and in the long run lead to a brand that enhances the regions values.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 4.
    Ahlin, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Urfolket samerna- En statslös nation.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Samernas livssituation som statslös nation inom staten Sverige uppmärksammas av FN på grund av att deras rättigheter kränks. Hur kommer det sig att välfärdsstaten och föregångslandet Sverige inte behandlar Europas enda urfolk på ett korrekt sätt?

     

    Denna uppsats undersöker hur samernas tillgång till marken förändrats under de senaste århundradena i förhållande till vem som haft makten över marken, samt vilka lagar och regler som skapats för att ge urfolk världen över ökade rättigheter till den mark som de levt av sedan urminnes tider.

     

    För att få svar på hur samerna och andra urfolk har behandlats i förhållande till deras markrättigheter och användning av de ytor och platser som är och har varit viktiga för dem, genomfördes en kvalitativ intervju. Intervjun gjordes med professor Gunlög Fur en mycket ämneskunnig person från Linnéuniversitetet. Som ett komplement har en litteraturstudie och en mindre jämförande studie genomförts.

     

    I resultatet av litteraturstudien påvisas att staten enligt tidigare forskning har väldigt svårt att ge samerna självbestämmande över marken som de kallar Sápmi, då de överstatliga regler och lagar för hur detta ska gå till, ofta hamnar i konflikt med markägare och staten egna lagar.

     

    Uppsatsens jämförande studie där samernas situation i Sápmi jämförs med två andra urfolk, nämligen kurderna i Kurdistan och mapuchena i Wallmapu, visar att det finns både likheter och skillnader mellan urfolkens rättigheter till marken och i vilken utsträckning de under historien har haft olika förutsättningar för markanvändande beroende på vem som haft makten över marken.

     

    En analys av resultatet av studien visar att urfolkens värdering av markens betydelse sällan handlar om ekonomiska värden utan om historiska, geografiska eller kulturella kopplingar.

     

    Slutsatsen av denna studie blir att urfolks rättigheter till mark ser ungefär lika ut oavsett vilken stat de lever inom. Deras rätt till självbestämmande är väldigt begränsad och deras markintressen hamnar i stort sätt alltid i skymundan för de ekonomiska intressen som styr staters agerande.  

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  • 5.
    Amore, Alberto
    et al.
    Solent Univ, UK.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Lund University, Sweden;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Elite interview, urban tourism governance and post-disaster recovery: evidence from post-earthquake Christchurch, New Zealand2022In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 25, no 13, p. 2192-2206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the long tradition of fieldwork and qualitative research practice in tourism studies, the reporting of methodological notes and reflections is limited in the literature. Many excellent methodological remarks in research reports and graduate theses find few outlets in academic journals and those few contributions that are eventually published often emphasize the novelty of the method rather than crucial aspects such as positionality and embeddedness. This is further evident in urban studies with regard to post-disaster recovery research. This article seeks to fill the current gap in the field by providing a reflective methodological account on fieldwork and elite interviews in post-earthquake Christchurch, New Zealand. It does so by implementing a framework addressing key points in the elite interview process, with emphasis on access to fieldwork sites, power relations, positionality, rapport and ethical issues. The manuscript presents aspects of fieldwork, spatiality and power relations that tend to be overlooked in the literature. Albeit being context-specific, it is argued that the evidence from this study can also have relevance to the understanding of fieldwork in other post-disaster and tourism contexts.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Prästängen: Från nödtorft till industriområde2023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett jordbruks omvandling och förvandling till industriområde, i ett lokalt sammanhang som följt de större dragen i Sveriges utveckling.

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    Prästängen uppsats
  • 7.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    En gång gruvstad - alltid gruvstad?: Kirunas näringsliv under förändring - men hur och mot vad?2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Kiruna pågår i detta nu en enorm stadsomvandling. Delar av staden, bland annat stadens centrum, ska flyttas cirka tre kilometer i östlig riktning. Anledningen till detta är att gruvbrytningen som pågår i Kiirunavaaragruvan, väster om staden, orsakar markdeformationer vilket gör att marken i de berörda delarna av staden snart inte längre kommer att vara beboeliga. Denna uppsats undersöker hur stadsomvandlingen påverkar Kiruna, samt hur staden arbetar för att den ska klara av en framtid där det inte längre finns någon gruvverksamhet i staden. Näringslivsfrågor är något som står i centrum för uppsatsen, framförallt vilka försök som görs för att kunna differentiera stadens näringsliv. Utöver hur en sådan näringslivsförändring kan gå till undersöker uppsatsen hur stadsomvandlingen kan bidra med andra saker till staden, hur Kiruna genom stadsomvandlingen ska kunna bli en bättre och attraktivare plats att bo på. För att få svar på uppsatsens frågeställningar har kvalitativa intervjuer genomförts med personer som arbetar med Kirunas stadsomvandling. Dessutom har litteraturstudier använts som ett komplement. Uppsatsen innehåller även en jämförande studie där Kirunas näringslivsförändring jämförs med två andra städers näringslivsförändringar, nämligen näringslivsförändringarna i Llanelli, Wales och i Barnsley, England. Resultatet lyfter fram två näringar fram inom vilka det finns förhoppningar att sysselsättningen ska öka inom. Dessa näringar är turistnäringen och rymdverksamheten, vilka redan är sysselsätter många kirunabor. Gällande hur Kiruna ska bli en attraktivare plats att bo på genom stadsomvandlingen lyfts flera aspekter fram. Bland annat bostadsbyggande, för att råda bot på den bostadsbrist som sedan länge funnits i staden. Dessutom lyfts det fram att staden vill förändra sin bild, från att ha varit en gruvstad med manliga yrken och manliga ideal till att bli en modern och jämställd stad där alla människor ska kunna känna sig hemma. Den jämförande studien visar på både likheter och skillnader mellan de olika städernas näringslivsförändringar. Något som alla tre städer har gemensamt är att när näringslivet har förändrats så har även en förändring av stadens utseende skett, det har skett stadsomvandlingar i alla tre städer, även om ingen givetvis kan mäta sig med omfattningen på Kirunas stadsomvandling. Den största skillnaden mellan jämförelsestäderna och Kiruna är att i jämförelsestäderna fanns det ingen förutbestämd strategi för hur de förlorade arbetstillfällena inom gruvnäringen skulle ersättas. Detta ledde till att städerna fick en stor arbetslöshet fram till ett sätt att ersätta de förlorade arbetstillfällena skapades. I och med att det i Kiruna redan finns en plan för hur dessa arbetstillfällen ska ersättas kommer Kiruna förhoppningsvis undvika att hamna i samma situation. 

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  • 8.
    Andersson, Elin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Visualisering av platser: En undersökning av Uddevallas destinationsimage online2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Visual representations are important components in the construction of our social life. They depict the world around us and shape peoples everyday behavior. They are a medium through which we communicate and can be understood as social constructions dependent upon cultural understandings. Pictorial representations have become part of the economic sphere and are used in tourism in order to overcome its immaterial character by providing a physical evidence for the tourist. Coloured by tourism ideology, they transform a place into a destination. This study examines visual representations of Uddevalla through a lens of promotional photographs published on Instagram and the online tourism destination image they project based on a compound content analysis-semiotic analysis method. The aim is to exemplify the visualisation of places and provide an understanding for the explicit and implicit messages conveyed through denotative and connotative signs in pictures. This is done by answering three questions: (1) What representations are being used to form a destination image and what image is being projected? (2) How does the mediated massage within the pictures correspond to the destination profile?(3) In what way is ideology being expressed? The result show a synecdochical image of a coastal destination which should be experienced outdoors through physical activities or by gazing over picturesque and idyllic landscapes. However, questions remain regarding the relationship between the projected destination image and the intended destination profile developed by tourism planners.

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    Visualisering av platser
  • 9.
    Andersson, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Kampen om kunderna: En studie av konkurrensen mellan centrumhandeln och externhandeln i Växjö2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Kampen om kunderna
  • 10.
    Andersson, Jonatan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Det förflutna engagerar: En studie om vilka kulturarvsvärden som förknippas med Kulturreservatet Äskhults by2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns in which ways people from local communities’ value cultural heritage sites in their region and how they perceive their possibility to be an active part in its management. There have over the last decade been a number of performed studies showing that civic participation in the governing of heritage sites is to be sought for, simultaneously being essential when it comes to the benefits that may be achieved. There is, however, a criticism towards the managers of these cultural heritage sites that they fail to consider the local community, and consequently losing  peoples trust.  Identifying that field as an area that requires further studies, this case study aim to examine how people from the local community values the cultural heritage site Äskhults by and in which manner they feel able to participate in its management. Interviews is the method this study is based upon, where i have conducted eight separate interviews which has been structured around predetermined questions.

     

    In this particular study the results show that a historical value is frequently referred to by the locals, and is what most of them treasured about the heritage site. It also became clear that the respondents highly valued their communication with the operators involved, however, the respondents impression on whether they actually could influence the decisions and governing of the cultural heritage site was less distinct and left some to be desired.

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    fulltext
  • 11.
    Andersson, Oliver
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Är nära alltid bäst för miljön?: En studie om de svenska konsumenternas förhållningssätt till ekologiska och närproducerade livsmedel.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om hur människor förhåller sig till de två begreppen ekologiskt och närproducerat. Fokus ligger på vad som av konsumenten uppfattas som närproducerat respektive ekologiskt. Vilka faktorer som påverkar konsumenterna d.v.s. varför väljer de ekologisk eller närproducerad mat och slutligen hur kopplas deras tankar kring hälsa och miljö ihop med det ekologiska och närproducerade? Studien är en undersökning med en så kallad etnografisk metod där observationer och intervjuer genomförts på plats i butik. Undersökningen behandlar synen på ekologiska och närproducerade livsmedel. Begreppet ekologiskt har en mer tydlig plats i lagstiftningen än vad gäller närproducerat. Begreppet närproducerat har inte på samma sätt som det ekologiska ingått i regeringens mål mot hållbar utveckling. Detta har dock inte hindrat konsumenterna från att ta till sig begreppet och göra det till ett viktigt inköpskriterium när de handlar. Undersökningen behandlar även dessa två begrepp i förhållande till det konventionella jordbruket, där för och nackdelar diskuteras. Vilka är konsumenterna som handlar dessa varor och vad får det för konsekvenser för miljön? Uppsatsen belyser även ny forskning och en fråga som diskuteras är om maten verkligen räcker till för alla om det skulle vara så att allt odlas ekologiskt.

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    fulltext
  • 12.
    Anell, David
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    En utvärdering av Staffanstorps centrum: Hur blev det efter ombyggnationen?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 13.
    Ankarbranth, Johannes
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    ”Vart är vi på väg?”: En kvalitativ studie av Linnéuniversitetets personals arbetspendling mellan Växjö och Kalmar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För mig har intresset för tidsgeografi vuxit eftersom komplexiteten i ämnet är stort, men även att tidsgeografi är något varje individ upplever i sin vardag. Varje individ kommer antagligen att ställa sig inför valet att arbetspendla någon gång i livet.

    Syftet med undersökning är att få fördjupad kunskap om människans val att arbetspendla, med inriktning mot hur bildandet av Linnéuniversitetet har påverkat arbetspendlingen mellan Växjö och Kalmar. Undersökningens syftar också till att få en fördjupad kunskap om hur sammanslagningen har påverkat Växjös region. För att besvara frågeställningarna användes intervjuer där fyra av Linnéuniversitetets personal blev intervjuade om deras upplevelse av hur sammanslagningen har påverkat deras arbetspendling och vilka restriktioner som de upplevt under resans tid.

    Den första januari 2010 blev startskottet för Kalmar högskola och Växjö universitet att bli Linnéuniversitetet. Detta öppnade upp för flera institutioner att samarbeta med varandra, för att en högre kunskapsnivå skulle uppnås. Det gav även fler möjligheter till att konkurrera med andra universitet. I och med denna sammanslagning blir Linnéuniversitet Sveriges nyaste universitet.

    Regionförstoring sker vid en sammanslagning av universitet, där en ökning av humankapital förekommer i regionen. Växande kompetens kan öka regionens tillväxt och etablering av infrastruktur har effekten blivit att pendlingen har ökat och lett till att rörelseströmmen både har ökat och förflyttats.

    Det finns tre olika restriktioner som styr människans möjlighet att förflytta sig i tid och rum. För det första har individen biologiska restriktioner som påverkar dess prestationsförmåga att nå sin destination vilket heter kapacitetsrestriktion. Den andra kallas kopplingsrestriktion och innebär att individen blir beroende av att befinna sig på en plats vid en viss tid genom ett beroende av andra individer. Den tredje restriktionen innefattar den tidsgeografiska aspekten på maktutövning. Detta innebär att en individ kan stöta på enheter som begränsar deras tid.

    Resultatet visar att respondenterna har påverkats av sammanslagningen mellan Kalmar högskola och Växjö universitet. De behöver förflytta sig mer mellan de två olika lärosätena. Genom sammanslagningen har deras arbetstjänster utökat och gjort att deras ansvarsområde utökats.

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    Fulltext
  • 14.
    Arkenfjäll, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Identitet på flykt: En kvalitativ studie om identitetsproblematik hos människor med flyktingbakgrund2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Each year a growing number of people leave their homes due to war, and becomes what is called a refugee. During their escape they are losing their security and also identity. When they arrive at a new country and receive the asylum, they need to construct and create a new identity to fit into society and they are facing a massive adjustment when it comes to the integration part. It can be seen as a complicated process for the refugees. The purpose of this study is to investigate identity issues in people with refugee background, with emphasis on spatial and geographical aspects. This essay is using a qualitative method, semi-structured interviews, where three people have been interviewed about their thoughts and feelings about this essays subject. The empirical data collected from these interviews has been analyzed by methods such as thematization and coding. This study has been conducted by a humanistic theoretical perspective, and by identity theories. The essays result showed that two of three of my respondents, who had both been former refugees, had felt included and excluded in the Swedish society and that they may have constructed their identities to become more Swedish, and both identified themselves with a Swedish- and their native nationality. The third respondent, who was a child to a former refugee, only identified herself as Swedish and has not constructed her identity and had already felt an includeness in the society. The two former refugees perceived that society identified them as immigrant according to their foreign backgrounds, but themselves only identified them by their nationalities. The third respondent did not consider to have been identified as an immigrant or as a child to a former refugee. Two respondents viewed their security to be placebased in Sweden and one of them saw place as a part of her identity. The geographical related experiences seems to have formed and create all of my respondents identities. Place and space have had different roles in the respondents identity creations.

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    Identitet på flykt
  • 15.
    Arsovski, Slobodan
    et al.
    Chamber of Certified Architects and Certified Engineers, Macedonia.
    Kwiatkowski, Michał
    Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.
    Lewandowska, Aleksandra
    Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.
    Peshevska, Dimitrinka Jordanova
    University American College Skopje, Macedonia.
    Sofeska, Emilija
    Cosmo Innovative Center, Macedonia.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden;University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Can urban environmental problems be overcome?: The case of Skopje – world’s most polluted city2018In: Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, ISSN 1732-4254, E-ISSN 2083-8298, no 40, p. 17-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The condition of the environment is one of the most fundamental concerns of cities worldwide, especially when high levels of pollution and environmental destruction exert immense impact on people’s quality of life. This paper focuses on Skopje, the capital of Macedonia, which often tops the charts as the world’s most polluted city. Despite associated problems such as congestion, ill health, and premature death, Macedonia’s scarce resources are instead spent on controversial projects, such as ‘Skopje 2014’, involving creating a national identity through massive and extremely costly constructions of neo-classical government buildings, museums and monuments. The aim of this paper is to compare the situation of Skopje to environmentally oriented activities conducted in several Polish cities and to discuss the possibility of their implementation in Skopje. Considering the scale and scope of Skopje’s environmental problems, the paper offers some priorities for action, including solutions that emphasize institution building, technical input and self-governance. It also highlights a number of economic, ecological, and socio-cultural contradictions involved in the process of achieving sustainable development.

  • 16.
    Arvidsson, Marcus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of pedagogy. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Geografi i skolan: En studie om läroplanens betydelse för ämnet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om hur författare av läroplanen samt lärare i SO ser på den nya läroplanen och kursplanen i geografi. Bakgrunden till arbetet är att det nyligen har bearbetats en ny kursplan i ämnet geografi vilket har medgett förändringar i hur ämnet ska bearbetas. Förändringarna har skett bland annat genom ett centralt innehåll samt nya kunskapskrav.

     

    Undersökningen bearbetas med hjälp av läroplansteori samt tidigare skriven litteratur angående kursplaner och geografi. Läroplansteori ska ge en förståelse för de olika rummen där läroplanen utformas. När läroplanen och specifikt kursplanen i geografi skrevs så uppstod det olika tvister, bland annat angående namngeografins plats. Det uppkom även nya begrepp i kursplanen i form av hållbar utveckling, GIS (geografiskt informationssystem) och exkursioner.

     

    Undersökningen var av kvalitativ karaktär där syftet var att lärare samt författare för kursplanen i geografi skulle ge sin tolkning av den nya läroplanen och kursplanen för SO-ämnen (Samhällsorienterade ämnen). Undersökningen består av två respondenter där det är en lärare och en författare av läroplanen.

     

    Resultatet visade att den nya läroplanen bidragit till skillnader inom styrning och att geografiämnet i sig fått förändringar både inom kursplanen och läroplanen. Den nya kursplanen har bidragit till en separering från de övriga SO-ämnena och huruvida geografiämnet i sig bidrar till en ökad status eller inte skiljer sig åt. Det visade sig även att lärare inom SO ansåg det som negativt att ämnena separerats och att det centrala innehållet var för omfattande. Positivt med den nya kursplanen var att den gav mer tydlighet.

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    Geografiiskolan
  • 17.
    Biegańska, Jadwiga
    et al.
    Nicolaus Copernicus University Toruń, Poland.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden;Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden;Lund University, Sweden.
    Grzelak-Kostulska, Elżbieta
    Nicolaus Copernicus University Toruń, Poland.
    Środa-Murawska, Stefania
    Nicolaus Copernicus University Toruń, Poland.
    From policy to misery? the state agricultural farms vs. 'the rural'2019In: Quaestiones Geographicae, ISSN 2082-2103, E-ISSN 2081-6383, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 77-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1989 was a turning point within the socio-economic development in the former Eastern bloc, initiating a system transformation that affected the society at large. It also contributed to the crystallisation of certain cultural landscapes, hitherto largely illegible due to the inhibition of spatial processes encountered during Communism. In Poland, after a quarter-century of free market economy, the focus on social problems began to expand to the spatial realm as well. It became apparent that the progressive social polarisation that followed was most prominent in environments striated by a particular landscape type – the former State Agricultural Farm (PGR). Considering PGRs “the epitome of rurality” subject to ideas informing the direction of contemporary “rural development” prompts a different way of looking at the problem. In this paper, we investigate the concept of rurality in the discursive tenor of implemented policy and contrast it with contextualised empirical examples. Our findings suggest that efficient policy should be confronted with the expectations of residents at the local level, while introducing top-down actions usually ends in failure as in the case of post-PGR estates.

  • 18.
    Biegańska, Jadwiga
    et al.
    Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.
    Grzelak-Kostulska, Elżbieta
    Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Chodkowska-Miszczuk, Justyna
    Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.
    Środa-Murawska, Stefania
    Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.
    Rogatka, Krzysztof
    Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland.
    Młodzież z osiedli popegeerowskich a kształtowanie społecznych zasobów lokalnych: Youth of former State Agricultural Farm estates as local human resources2016In: Studia Obszarów Wiejskich (Rural Studies), ISSN 1642-4689, Vol. 44, p. 75-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to reflect upon the future direction of development in former PGR (State Agricultural Farms) estates in Poland. Using the post-PGR estate of Chotel (central Poland) as a case study, the authors analyzed and evaluated the potential of the local youth as human resources for future development. It was assumed that the youth, as a social category, will in the nearest future influence the structure of human resources, which in turn will determine both the pace and the direction of change in rural areas. Given that post-PGR estates are considered some of the most problematic settlement forms with respect to rural planning, and given that their adult residents are known to exhibit loose social bonds, intensified enmity and lack of initiative for co-operation, a number of important questions arise. Firstly, what are the specific human resources of the youth in post-PGR estates? Secondly, how do these resources differ from those of their parents? Thirdly, do these resources give hope for future melioration of socio-economic problems inherent of post-PGR estates? The conducted analysis is prognosticating – a quality, which otherwise is extremely difficult to obtain in the context of the studied estates. The paper concludes that with regard to developmental threats in post-PGR estates the attitudes of the youth and the adults are similar. However, considering developmental opportunities the differences are more pronounced, in favor of the youth.

  • 19.
    Bielak, Natalia
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Samhällsplanering i Sverige under 50 år: -en genomgång av tidskriften PLAN2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 20.
    Blixt, Tobias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Urbaniseringens relation till klasstorleken: En studie om ämneslärares uppfattningar om stora skolklasser för årskurs 7-9 i Kalmar tätort2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur ämneslärarna för årskurs 7-9 i Kalmar tätort uppfattar arbetet med stora skolklasser och deras interaktion med eleverna, samt hur relationen ser ut mellan urbanisering och det ökade elevantalet för skolklasser i årskurs 7-9. De frågeställningar som undersökningen baseras på är: hur ser relationen ut mellan urbaniseringen till Kalmar tätort och skolklassernas storlek? Samt vilka uppfattningar har ämneslärare i Kalmar tätort om deras interaktion med stora skolklasser? I studien har fyra kvalitativa intervjuer gjorts för att få förståelse kring lärarnas perspektiv på hur undervisningen sker i större klasser. I undersökningen är det flera viktiga teoretiska begrepp som har använts som teoretiska ram. Tätort, urbanisering, landsbygd och skolans förändring är några begrepp som använts för att undersöka och besvara de två frågeställningarna. Studien visar att befolkningen i Kalmar tätort ökar, men det är inte urbaniseringen som är den främsta faktorn utan det är framförallt andra orsaker. Det är bland annat invandring och ökat barnafödande som är den största orsaken till att Kalmar ökar i befolkningsmängd. De lärare som deltar i denna studie beskriver att arbetsbördan ökar när det är fler elever i klasserna. Skolan och kommunens ekonomiska situation påverkar i hög grad hur klasserna ser ut. Om lärarnas arbetsbörda minskar och att skolorna har bättre ekonomi så skulle det leda till att lärarna och eleverna har mer tid till att öka kunskapsutvecklingen. 

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  • 21.
    Bodinson, Mikael
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Hållbar stadsutveckling i Växjö2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 22.
    Bolin, Annalisa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    [Book review] Developing Heritage - Developing Countries: Ethiopian Nation-Building and the Origins of UNESCO World Heritage, 1960-19802021In: Journal of Tourism History, ISSN 1755-182X, E-ISSN 1755-1838, Vol. 13, no 3Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Brandin, Elisabeth
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Canadian Trapper and Voyageur Cultures as Symbol for Canoe Tourism in a Swedish Non-Meteropolitan Region: An image out of plac, out of time?1999In: Local Knowledge and Innovation: Enhancing the substance of non-metropolitan regions / [ed] Kobayashi, K., Matsuo, Y. & Tsutsumi, K., Kyoto: Koyoto University: Marginal Areas Research Group (MARG) , 1999, p. 203-216Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Brandin, Elisabeth
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Disposable camera snapshots: Interviewing tourists in the field2009In: The Framed World: Tourism, Tourist and Photography / [ed] Robinson, M. & Picard, D., Farnham: Ashgate , 2009, p. 217-228Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Brandin, Elisabeth
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Kamera och bilder som ombud mellan forskare och beforskad2004In: Om geometodologier: kartvärldar, världskartor och rumsliga kunskapspraktiker, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2004, p. 187-201Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Brandin, Elisabeth
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    The Variable Concept of Sustainable Tourism Development: A global concern with concequences for small societies1998In: Sustainability and Development: on the future of small society in a dynamic economy : proceedings of the Karlstad International Seminar May 12-14, 1997, at the University of Karlstad / [ed] Andersson, L. & Blom, T., Karlstad: Gruppen för regionalvetenskaplig forskning, Högsk. Karlstad , 1998, p. 290-299Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Brandin, Elisabeth
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Tourist Photography and Tourists' Photographs: Reviewing research and discussing a method of interviewing on holiday photographs2001In: Turismens och fritidens mångfald. / [ed] Aronsson, L. & Karlsson, S-E., Karlstad: Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap, Turism och fritid, Karlstad Univ. , 2001, p. 125-152Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Branthle, Per
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Från papper till pixel: Kvarnholmen studerad utifrån historiska kartor med stöd av GIS2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden has a long tradition as a mapmaking nation. Tens of thousands of historical maps,dating from the sixteenth century and onwards are still preserved in archives today, providinga rich resource for studies of city growth and changes in the landscape through time. For morethan ten years an effort has been made by public authorities to transfer this material frompaper onto digital media. Due to modern technology, as for example GeographicalInformation Systems (GIS), researchers have been given improved possibilities to study andanalyze this material. This study uses a qualitative approach, based on both literature studiesas well as map studies. It focuses on the usage of historical maps as well as the problems andpossibilities they provide, both generally in their original form and more specifically in theirdigital form. As an example on how to use historical maps in the analysis of a specific area,four maps of the town of Kalmar have been processed in GIS software to obtain an overallview of the geographical changes the town centre has undergone during a historical periodfrom around 1650 up to 1936. The conducted study has shown that although the accuracy ofhistorical maps is not up to par with modern ones, they provide a useful base in the studies oftown development. If the map studies are supported by examinations of historical literature avery good overview of either a long term development or a more detailed understanding of ashorter time period is obtainable. This study provides an introduction to the usage of historicalmaps in modern landscape studies and an example on what they can be used for.

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  • 29.
    Brauer, Rene
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden;University of Eastern Finland, Sweden.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The language of sustainable tourism as a proxy indicator of research quality2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 1, article id 25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable tourism (ST) has recently become the mainstream of the tourism industry and, accordingly, has influenced contemporary tourism research. However, ST is not just theories about indications and contraindications of global travel, but also a specific language that needs mastering to take sustainability work forward. In other words, what research receives recognition depends on the proficiency in how the articulation in research proposals and within assessment under the heading of “research impact”. The aim of this paper is to investigate how tourism research gains recognition within research evaluation, by investigating the national research appraisal in the United Kingdom (Research Excellence Framework). By using content analysis, we disentangle the rhetorical choices and narrative constructions within researchers’ impact claims. Our findings suggest that researchers adopt a rhetorical style that implies causality and promotes good outcomes facilitating ST. However, the structure of the assessment format enforces an articulation of sustainable research impact without stating the methodological limitations of that such claim. Therefore, the rhetorical choices of ST researchers merely represent a proxy indicator of the claimed impact. We conclude that the lack of rigor in accounting for the impact of ST research may inadvertently restrict attaining ST.

  • 30.
    Brauer, Rene
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland, Finland.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    Lund University, Sweden;University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tribe, John
    York St John University, UK.
    A wider research culture in peril: A reply to Thomas2021In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 86, article id 103093Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper calls for greater rigor when it comes to issues relating to research around the ‘impact’ of research impact. It addresses some of its criticisms but also expands on the research program associated with the impact of tourism research. We conclude by addressing the fundamentality of the challenges posed by ‘research impact’. We argue they go to the very core of academic scholarship, as the commoditized neoliberal treatment of impact represents an existential challenge that goes beyond tourism research.

  • 31.
    Brauer, Rene
    et al.
    University of Hull, UK.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden;University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Tribe, John
    University of Surrey, UK.
    The impact of tourism research2019In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 77, p. 64-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The exceedingly competitive climate of academia has increased the emphasis on performance-based research funding. In this paper we evaluate the UK's government assessment of research impact and critically comment upon the implications for future research conduct. The key findings are as follows; firstly we provide a summary of UK tourism research impact. Secondly, we demonstrate the effect of the resulting significance gap, and comment upon the consequences of the Research Excellence Frameworks' (REF) research impact assessment in terms of a research culture change. Lastly, we proposition that the current assessment structure can have negative long-term consequences in that key issues facing tourism fall outside 'good' research impact.

  • 32.
    Brauer, René
    et al.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Human Geography and the hinterland: The case of Torsten Hägerstrand's 'belated' recognition2017In: Moravian Geographical Reports, ISSN 1210-8812, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 74-84Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seeing human geography as a nexus of temporally oscillating concepts, this paper investigates the dissemination of scientific ideas with a focus on extra-scientific factors. While scientific progress is usually evaluated in terms of intellectual achievement of the individual researcher, geographers tend to forget about the external factors that tacitly yet critically contribute to knowledge production. While these externalities are well-documented in the natural sciences, social sciences have not yet seen comparable scrutiny. Using Torsten Hägerstrand’s rise to prominence as a concrete example, we explore this perspective in a social-science case – human geography. Applying an STS (Science and Technology Studies) approach, we depart from a model of science as socially-materially contingent, with special focus on three extra-scientific factors: community norms, materiality and the political climate. These factors are all important in order for knowledge to be disseminated into the hinterland of human geography. We conclude it is these types of conditions that in practice escape the relativism of representation.

  • 33.
    Brauer, René
    et al.
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Quality of life in rural areas: A topic for the Rural Development policy?2014In: Bulletin of Geography. Socio-Economic Series, ISSN 1732-4254, E-ISSN 2083-8298, Vol. 25, no 25, p. 25-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary transformations of rural areas involve changes in land uses, economic perspectives, connectivity, livelihoods, but also in lifestyles, whereupon a traditional view of 'the rural' and, consequently, of 'rural development' no longer holds. Accordingly, EU's 2007-2013 Rural Development policy (RDP) is one framework to incorporate aspects labelled as quality of life (QOL) alongside traditional rural tenets. With a new rendition of the RDP underway, this paper scopes the content and extent of the expired RDP regarding its incorporation of QOL, in order to better identify considerations for future policy making. Using novel methodology called topic modelling, a series of latent semantic structures within the RDP could be unravelled and re-interpreted via a dual categorization system based on RDP's own view on QOL, and on definitions provided by independent research. Corroborated by other audits, the findings indicate a thematic overemphasis on agriculture, with the focus on QOL being largely insignificant. Such results point to a rationale different than the assumed one, at the same time reinforcing an outdated view of rurality in the face of the ostensibly fundamental turn towards viewing rural areas in a wider, more humanistic, perspective. This unexpected issue of underrepresentation is next addressed through three possible drivers: conceptual (lingering productionist view of the rural), ideological (capitalist prerogative preventing non-pecuniary values from entering policy) and material (institutional lock-ins incapable of accommodating significant deviations from an agricultural focus). The paper ends with a critical discussion and some reflections on the broader concept of rurality.

  • 34.
    Caesar, Linnea
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Att påverka vardagligt resande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the twentieth century, the earth has been getting warmer due to human activities that releases greenhouse gas. One of these activities is human transportation. In Sweden, the transport sector (especially road traffic) is responsible for one-third of the country’s emission. To prevent further negative effects of global warming, there is a need for change in the everyday mobility where people must choose climate-friendly ways to transport themselves. This includes less driving with private vehicles and more walking, cycling and using public means of transportation. To achieve this behavioral change in everyday travel, societies need to incorporate strategies in their planning that leads people in the right direction. In the chapter on earlier research, some of these strategies are presented. This study examines what strategies Kalmar municipality are using to reach a behavioral change in how people do their everyday traveling. Information about these strategies were derived from an interview with two people working at the municipality. Other interviews with three residents gave information about their attitudes towards means of transport and climate change. The conclusion of this essay present proposals of strategies by comparing the municipality’s strategies with the views of the residents. The strategies are: introducing more cycle stands, more marketing of the public carpool, better lightning by the strolling paths, lower prices for public transportation, less change of trains and delays, better luggage space at trains and more comfortable seats. Other strategies are minimising technical problems with the buses and creating better bus connections. Another proposal is consciousness campaigns. A strategy that turned out to be particularly important is the implementation of travel plans for schools and workplaces, which according to earlier research is the most effective strategy in changing travel behaviour in everyday life. 

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  • 35.
    Carlson, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Blekinges tänkbara framtida regiongränser: En studie om regionbildning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte var att belysa regionfrågan. Att undersöka om politikernas åsikter, iBlekinge och dess grannlän, möjliggör en framtida regionbildning där Blekinge ingår. Studienbyggde på en kvantitativ enkätstudie där ordinarie förtroendevalda i samtliga Blekingeskommuner samt i Blekinge Landsting, Kalmar Landsting, Region Kronoberg och RegionSkåne fick möjlighet att säga sin åsikt. Svaren speglades i regionteori och analysen visade ensplittrad svarsbild. Uppsatsens hypotes var att Blekinge inte har en given och självklarframtida regiontillhörighet och att synen på framtiden skiljer sig beroende på var i länet dubor. Frågeställningen som uppsatsen avsåg att besvara var:

    ● Hur ser de förtroendevalda politikerna på Blekinges möjligheter till en framtidaregionbildning?

    Enkätundersökningen byggde på svar från 264 av de 597 ledamöter som tillfrågats och visadepå tydliga tendenser som stödde hypotesen. Uppsatsens frågeställningar kunde besvaras.Blekinge har inte en självklar regiontillhörighet, i alla fall inte hos de förtroendevalda. De undersökta gruppernas svar hade konsensus om att Blekinge borde ingå i en större region,74,2% ansåg detta. Samtidigt menade 47,7% att Blekinge inte hade en självklarregiontillhörighet. När de som ansåg att Blekinge borde ingå i en större region, eller att hadeen självklar regiontillhörighet, fick svara på hur en framtida region där Blekinge bäst skulle seut blev svarsbilden splittrad.De förtroendevalda politikerna som medverkade i undersökningen ser inte samma framtidgällande Blekinge och vad som är en bra regiontillhörighet. Detta gäller, med ett enstaka undantag, oavsett partitillhörighet eller geografisk verksamhetsort.

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  • 36.
    Cheer, Joseph M.
    et al.
    Western Sydney University, Australia.
    Hayward, PhilipUniversity of Technology Sydney, Australia.Prince, SoleneLinnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing and Tourism Studies (MTS). Mid-Sweden University, Sweden;European Tourism Research Institute, Sweden.
    Islandscapes and Tourism: An Anthology2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The links between islands and tourism, as sights of pleasure is embodied in the touristification of sun, sand and sea. Islandscapes are central to the tourist imaginaries that shape islands as touristified places - curated, designed and commodified for both mass tourism and more niche inclined versions. Yet while islands are parlayed for touristic pleasure seekers, islands are also home to longstanding communities that have variously battled with the tyranny of distance from metropolitan centres, as well as the everyday challenges of climate change effects, and benefitted from their isolation from modern-day pressures. 

    To what extent are islandscapes resilient to rapidly changing utilities, significances and ways of life wrought by tourism expansion? The vulnerability-resilience duality remains firmly entrenched in the discourse on islands where tourism has become prominent. Although tourism provides some resiliency, overall, islandscapes remain subject to externally driven fast and slow change that exercises an overwhelming influence. 

    This anthology of articles previously published in the journal Shima explores emergent themes that describe how island peoples adapt and respond in localised cultural islandscapes as a consequence of tourism expansion. It is aimed at researchers in island studies, tourism, sustainability, human geography, cultural studies, sociology and anthropology. The anthology will also be of interest to those with an abiding interest in the trajectories of islands and their peoples, particularly where tourism has come to shape islandscapes.

  • 37.
    Cohen, Scott A
    et al.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University.
    A darker side of hypermobility2015In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 47, no 8, p. 1660-1679Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the formulation of the mobilities paradigm, research has shown that movement is increasingly at the heart of our social identities. This paper argues that mobility, and indeed, hypermobility, constitutes to a growing extent who we are, whilst societal perspectives on mobility increasingly dictate how we need to move in time and space in order to accrue network capital. In this critical review, deeply embedded mechanisms of the social glamorization of mobility are uncovered, and juxtaposed with what we call a ‘darker side’ of hypermobility, including the physiological, psychological, emotional and social costs of mobility for individuals and societies. The paper concludes that whilst aspects of glamorization in regard to mobility are omnipresent in our lives, there exists an ominous silence with regard to its darker side.

  • 38. Dam, Peder
    et al.
    Gammeltoft, PederGrandjean Gøgsig Jakobsen, JohnnyNissen Knudsen, BoSvensson, Ola
    Torp som ortnamn och bebyggelse: Konferensrapport. Tvärvetenskaplig torp-konferens Malmö, 25-27 april 20072009Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Danred, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Konsumtionens klimatpåverkan: En jämförande studie mellan två socioekonomiskt skilda bostadsområden, Araby och Söder i Växjö2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world is in a stage of climate crisis where the average temperature is rising, with consequences such as, melting ice sheets, increasing sea levels, and floods. The climate panel of the UN, IPCC, has stated that this is a reaction of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases. The most important gas is carbon dioxide, which contributes with 80 per cent to the on going climate crisis.

    The increasing emissions of carbon dioxide are connected to human consumption patterns. This puts pressure on the earth, as humans demand more and more resources. Today the earth needs one and a half year to regenerate the resources humans’ demand of it, by the year 2030 we will need two planets in order to cope with this increasing demand of resources.

    At a global level it is established that richer countries have a stronger consumption pattern than poorer, and thus generate higher levels of carbon dioxide emissions. The goal of this essay was to examine if this pattern appeared the same at a local level; to see if different socioeconomic profiles lead to variations regarding consumption and thus emissions of carbon dioxide.

    This study has shown that socioeconomic factors play a part regarding sustainable development, where more wealthy residential areas contribute with higher levels of carbon dioxide emissions than the poorer do. Thus, what this essay has shown is that the global pattern is consistent with the local.

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  • 40.
    Dragan, Weronika
    et al.
    University of Silesia, Poland.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden;Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Krzysztofik, Robert
    University of Silesia, Poland.
    Between history, politics and economy: The problematic heritage of former border railway stations in Poland2019In: Mitteilungen der österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft, ISSN 0029-9138, Vol. 161, p. 229-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the issue of former border railway stations (FBRSs) in Poland in the context of their problematic heritage. Since the creation of those borders coincided with the development of the railway network in the 19th century, the FBRSs, now deprived of their past function, remain scattered throughout the landscape as confusing components of a troubled history in an even more confusing contemporaneity. This article assiduously analyses the FBRSs in their capacity as offensive hallmarks vested in inoffensive elements of technical culture, often with high aesthetic value. This is done by departing from a number of analytical lenses: unwanted history, competitive heritage, utility vs. economy, politics and money, and the ‘here and now’ policy. These competing perspectives reveal the intricacy of heritagisation, especially in times of greater ease of obtaining monetary funds aimed at revitalisation: what to revitalise, why and how?

  • 41.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    Lund University, Sweden;University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Begrepp som skadar: Exempel från inre periferier i Polen, Nordmakedonien och Sverige2020In: Ymer, ISSN 0044-0477, Vol. 140, p. 49-72Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper approaches the process of spatial peripheralization from the perspective of concept-induced harm. Harm is both a moral and a legal term construed along any form of physical or mental damage, be it intended or unintended. More broadly, however, harm denotes any form of setback to interest, and while harm can arise as the result of an onset of emotion, more often than not harm is conceptually induced. What this means is that any abstract division or delimitation upheld or enforced by socio-cultural factors will at the same time enable and constrain individual agency in space. In this chapter, I look into how peripheries are created through constraints enforced by forms of spatial planning that are governed by strong conceptual schemata rooted in the rural-urban binary. This is done by exploring the concept of inner peripheries in three diverse European contexts: Toruń (Poland), Skopje (North Macedonia) and Gothenburg (Sweden). Using comparative methodology, the aim of this chapter is to point to the ease with which concept-heavy planning can disrupt geographical homogeneity by creating an inner periphery within. Understanding how oxymorons like inner periphery may become a real – yet unnoticed – challenge for spatial cohesion is important if we truly want to curb interventions that cause concept-induced harm.

  • 42.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Cross-cultural supervision amidst a generational shift2022In: Journal of Education Culture and Society, ISSN 2081-1640, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 53-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sets out to draw on my experience as a Sweden-based academic supervisor who is also active in Poland to reflect on the issue of cross-cultural supervision amidst a presumed generational shift that goes on in Poland. Split between stories of a destructive hierarchy and non-transparency in Polish academia on the one hand, and of an emergent “West-minded” reorientation on the other, this paper looks into the cultural idiosyncrasies that have made supervision in Poland tricky for me, if not outright difficult. This paper focuses on the perspectives of ten active PhD supervisors based in Poland. Using questionnaires and interviews the respondents were asked to reflect upon whether a generational shift is underway. This was done by comparing the ideals, attitudes, and behaviours of their past supervisors to those of their own. The results were then analysed through a set of challenges common in cross-cultural supervision and compared to the Swedish context. The findings point to a possible gap between self-assessment of the respondents as progressive and the regressive practices that seem to linger and impact the students. A tentative conclusion is that the long-awaited generational shift in Poland has not yet fully taken root. This is further reflected in how markedly different the culture of supervision in Poland still is from the culture practised in Sweden. The paper points to the difficulty of breaking free from the routines inherited from one’s past-generation supervisors. It also emphasises the benefits of cross-cultural supervision, given that shifts within cultural practices are difficult to perceive and implement while operating within a single cultural ecosystem.

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  • 43.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Degradation, restitution and the elusive culture of rural-urban thinking2017In: Fennia, E-ISSN 1798-5617, Vol. 195, no 1, p. 36-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite fierce criticisms, ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ still constitute powerful narratives around which we structure our society. The ‘formal reality’, however, frequently disregards the cultural nature of these concepts, elevating them to the role of objective spaces apt to serve as acceptable guiding perspectives. While the analytical inadequacy of rural-urban ideations is well-documented, the phenomenon of formal-cultural conflation remains much less explored. Acknowledging that ideational space of social representations can only exist through the practices of discursive interaction, this paper’s objective is to lay bare the phenomenon of rural-urban thinking when externalized through the little-known practices of ‘degradation’ and ‘restitution’ in Poland. Using conceptual methods, including discourse analysis and historical deconstruction, this paper assays the hidden architectures of formal-cultural conflation by means of a richly contextualized analysis. The findings, presented in four discursive openings, reveal embedded elements of hierarchy, loss, injustice and self-victimization, which may create a divisive culture spawned by elusive promises of development at the cost of misinterpretations of history, local disappointment and cultural segmentation. In conclusion, formal appropriation of historical concepts is likely to engender a cultural geography of discord spun around a largely insignificant division, especially when development-oriented aspects of urbanization become entwined with emotional issues.

  • 44.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Degraded towns in Poland as cultural heritage2013In: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610, Vol. 19, no 7, p. 613-631Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses how the concept of cultural heritage is currently used in relation to the so-called degraded towns (i.e. deprived of their urban status) in Poland. It shows the role of heritagisation in the process of restitution of urban status, and addresses the effects of the ongoing revitalisation of degraded towns in order to restore their lost urban glory. I argue that the Polish understanding of urbanity is ambiguous, muddling formality with cultural connotations. I address how such convolution both rewrites history and affects modernity by the imposition of values and foreclosures. I also discuss how alterations to the built environment made in the name of cultural heritage (revitalisation) are often conducted with disregard to identity, authenticity and historical hybridity, and how the introduction of ‘history’ into a modern arena affects the local society. I conclude that considering degraded towns as a special form of cultural heritage is a new construction, where coupling of the disconnected dimensions of the Polish understanding of urbanity becomes even more apparent. I stress that this field is neither sufficiently differentiated nor problematised, and that cultural heritage relating to degraded towns is often taken for granted.

  • 45.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden;Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Lund University, Sweden.
    Introducing "captaining": How to best combine group work with individual achievement within higher education examination2020In: Journal of Pedagogical Research, E-ISSN 2602-3717, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 57-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with the problem of making group work and individual achievement meet in the context of combined examination at universities The underlying idea of this research derives from the policy that is increasingly gaining power at many university departments, namely that it is inappropriate to examine students on the basis of group work alone, while at the same time limited departmental resources cannot allow for increasing the number of individual examinations. This paper attempts to square this paradox by elaborating on new ways to individualize compulsory group work so that it fulfils both formal and educational objectives, but also so it feels meaningful, motivative and fair to the students. This multifaceted challenge is captured in a novel methodological approach named “captaining”. By drawing on existing theoretical frameworks, own experiences and subsequent evaluation, “captaining” is presented as a promising alternative to the individualism vs. collectivism dilemma, as well as to extra-educational factors impacting the implementation of best examination practices.

  • 46.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden;Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden; Lund University, Sweden.
    The concept of 'rural' as a psychosocial process: From concept attainment to concept unlearning2019In: Quaestiones Geographicae, ISSN 2082-2103, E-ISSN 2081-6383, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 15-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Realising that human geography has been defined less by its canonical works but rather by its canonical concepts, the current status of the concept ‘rural’ puts a question mark over progress in human geography in terms of how well we have been able to adapt knowledge to reciprocate with societal change at large. As one of the oldest geographical concepts still in widespread use, ‘rural’ stands in stark contrast to the immense changes encountered by the society during the last century, let alone decades. And while this problem has been approached both empirically and philosophically, not enough stress has been put on the cognitive and sociological processes that have governed the attainment and retention of ‘rural’ in science, and beyond. In this vein, the aim of this paper is to provide a structured argument for facilitating a view of ‘rural’ less as a geographical space and more as a concept purportedly thought to define such space by way of inculcation.

  • 47.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The effigy of urbanity or a rural parody?: A visual approach to small-town public space2014In: Journal of Cultural Geography, ISSN 0887-3631, E-ISSN 1940-6320, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 1-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The urban square has been a distinguishing characteristic of European cities for millennia. However, in the context of small towns, where the square is often the sole identifier of their physical urbanity, its role differs from that of large towns. This fact is substantial within national administrative systems that endorse desirable urban status to rural settlements endowed with an urban morphology. It is also important in times of extensive EU-subsidized actions aimed at improving the quality of public space in small underresourced towns. However, many projects fail to draw from and respond to the specifics of the local context, and, by focusing on the details and disregarding the basics, they may defeat their purpose. Departing from extensive field observations in Poland, this paper puts theoretical framework and current trends in urban design into relation to various elements of a square’s spatial configuration in order to arrive at degrees of their urban significance. By interpreting the fundamental values embedded in the morphology of market squares, this paper attempts to isolate the cultural archetypes that shape our perception of such places as urban. The proposed analysis could be used to meet the main goal of market square revitalization, namely to visually articulate urbanity.

  • 48.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Biegańska, Jadwiga
    Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland.
    Grzelak-Kostulska, Elżbieta
    Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland.
    Deprivation and the rural-urban trap2017In: Tijdschrift voor economische en sociale geografie, ISSN 0040-747X, E-ISSN 1467-9663, Vol. 109, no 1, p. 87-108Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Departing from the idea that cultural mechanisms are capable of allowing for conceptual dichotomies to create oppression, this article challenges the engrained tradition of using ‘urban/rural’ as guiding labels in societal organization when seen through the prism of deprivation. Two Polish deprivation-ridden estates – one ‘urban’ and one ‘rural’ – were investigated. Having taken account of the residents’ everyday lives in the socio-economic, material and discursive dimensions, our results indicate that the notions of rurality and urbanity imbricate and leapfrog meaningful territories at the local level. Realizing the danger of deploying stereotypes as beacons in governance, from this richly contextualized account we draw that many problems today are space-independent and cannot be attenuated by following development paths reinvented in the name of some empirically questionable yet culturally sustained and politically ontologized spatialities. This, then, calls for rethinking both the discursivity and the elusiveness of rural-urban thinking in the context of deprivation.

  • 49.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Brauer, Rene
    University of Eastern Finland, Finland.
    Geography’s three problems seen through the prism of one educational challenge2022In: Multiple Nordic Geographies: 9th Nordic Geographers Meeting, 19th– 22nd of June 2022, Joensuu, Finland / [ed] Moritz Albrecht, Sergey Sidorenko, Henrik Nielsen, Jarmo Kortelainen, Laura Poikolainen, Joensuu, Finland: University of Eastern Finland , 2022, p. 134-134Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the modern society becomes larger and increasingly diverse, its problems become more elusive and solutions far-fetched. This puts pressure on relevant education. Geographical knowledge, whose raison d’être has always been to deal with complexity, should therefore be in high demand, but isn’t. In this presentation we want to investigate why this is the case, by outlining three major problems geography education faces today and what potential solutions there might be. #1) Geography as a societal need: Geography’s traditional status as a synthesizing science is not well translated to the “sustainability mindset” that currently saturates educational curricula. This leads to decreasing numbers of geography students who seek out explicitly “sustainability-oriented” courses, which are often taught by teachers without a solid synthesizing background. Simultaneously, geography’s potential is reduced at pre-university levels where it is still associated with a stereotype (mostly cartography and ‘pub quiz’ knowledge). #2) Geography as an identity: Being “a specialist on being a generalist” is a frustrating motto for many geography students, who are inculcated that expertise is usually vertical. Inability to capitalize on horizontal expertise causes a personal crisis that impedes learning and embracing geography as a professional identity. #3 Geography as a competence: Being a holistic “for real” cannot be reduced to knowing a multitude of facts but requires foremost an understanding of how differences in opinion (underlying diametrically different sustainability strategies and solutions) arise. This requires a broad epistemological base. However, philosophy of science is not taught at pre-graduate level, while new students are becoming increasingly opinionated on contested topics. Departing from teaching experience at 4 Nordic universities, we suggest adding a “sensitizing phase” to the most critical stages of geography’s first-year education. A sensitizing phase is a targeted and deepened/extended course introduction, designed to a) focus on the strengths of geography and its boundaries to other realms of knowledge; b) providing continuous moral support to students to instill geography’s identity; c) teaching techniques how to handle complexity (knowledge reduction, extrapolation, epistemological breadth). We conclude that this approach allays confusion, primes the students towards the relevance of geography knowledge, and inculcates them into a spirit of life-long learning.

  • 50.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Brauer, Rene
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Land or people?: On the iatrogenesis of conflation2016In: Acta Geobalcanica, ISSN 1857-9833, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 63-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a wish to abandon essentialism to contingency, this paper looks into whether the rural-urban binary could be a cultural burden so incompatible with the layered realities of advanced deprivation that instead of helping the deprived, it deprives the help of its carrying capacity. Departing from the idea that cultural mechanisms are capable of allowing for conceptual dichotomies to create oppression, this paper addresses the concepts of ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ as potentially counterproductive ideas in policy and planning when deployed in areas of severe social deprivation. Using a local example, this problem is addressed in the context of a recently finalized development project, whose focus of approach shifted from ‘urban’ to ‘rural’. We demonstrate how ‘rural’ and ‘urban’ are not neutral spatial qualifiers but problematic filters superimposed onto the already problematic concept of “social sustainability”. Here, we draw on the principle of iatrogenesis, which denotes any benevolent action that inadvertently produces undesired outcomes. We argue that since many areas lack the presumed conceptual foundation for a specific brand of action, development programs labeled as ‘rural’ or ‘urban’ are not only likely to fail, but also to potentially cause harm. We conclude that more context-sensitive understanding of the human condition beyond inflexible labeling is needed in order to arrive at more adequate interventions.

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