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  • 1.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Alla säger I Love You: Om orden som gör känslor och känsliga formuleringar.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 3, p. 91-93Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om hur orden "jag älskar dig" respektive "I love you" får betydelse både personligt, socialt och politiskt. Exempel hämtas från tv-serierna "Förhäxad" och "Sex and the City" och författaren resonerar kring hur orden skapar affektiva betydelser i kropp och genuspositioner. 

  • 2.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    När Brad och Angelina inte ville gifta sig: En berättelse om heterosexuell melankoli och politiska beslut i vardagen.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 1, p. 39-41Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikeln handlar om skvallerpressens representation av celebriteterna Brad Pitt och Angelina Jolie, och hur deras icke-gifta status producerar moralpanik och genusproblem i den populärkulturella heteronormativiteten. Artikeln tar också upp "äktenskapsfrågan" i en svensk kontext och hur frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd glömts bort av feminismen.  

  • 3.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning.2001In: Lambda Nordica, ISSN 1100-2573, E-ISSN 2001-7286, Vol. 5 1/2, no Både och/ och/ varken eller, p. 54-69Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping university, Sweden.
    Malmqvist, Johan
    Jönköping university, Sweden.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala university, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping university, Sweden.
    Identifying Child Functioning from an ICF-CY Perspective: Everyday Life Situations Explored in Measures of Participation2011In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 33, no 13-14, p. 1230-1244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This study was part of a larger work to develop an authentic measure consisting of code sets for self- or proxy-report of child participation. The aim was to identify common everyday life situations of children and youth based on measures of participation.

    Method. The study was descriptive in nature and involved several stages: systematic search of literature to find articles presenting measures for children and youth with disabilities, identifying measures in selected articles, linking items in included measures to the ICF-CY, analysing content in measures presented as performance and participation and identifying aggregations of ICF-CY codes across these measures.

    Results. A large number of measures for children and youth with disabilities were identified but only 12 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A slight distinction in content and age appropriateness appeared. Measures presented as performance covered all the ICF-CY Activities and Participation chapters, whereas measures presented as participation covered five of nine chapters. Three common everyday life situations emerged from the measures: Moving around, Engagement in play and Recreation and leisure.

    Conclusion. Only a small number of life situations for children and youth emerged from items in selected measures, thus, other sources are needed to identify more everyday life situations.

  • 5.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping university, Sweden.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, IngelaStockholm university, Sweden.Kilhammar, KarinJönköping university, Sweden.
    HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Ale Ebrahim Dehkordi, Molood
    et al.
    Delft University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Ghorbani, Amineh
    Delft University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, Water.
    Farjam, Mike
    Lund University, Sweden.
    van Weeren, René
    Utrecht University, Netherlands.
    Forsman, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Biology and Environmental Science.
    De Moor, Tine
    Erasmus University, Netherlands.
    Long-term dynamics of institutions: Using ABM as a complementary tool to support theory development in historical studies2021In: JASSS: Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, E-ISSN 1460-7425, Vol. 24, no 4, article id 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historical data are valuable resources for providing insights into social patterns in the past. However, these data often inform us at the macro-level of analysis but not about the role of individuals’ behaviours in the emergence of long-term patterns. Therefore, it is difficult to infer ‘how’ and ‘why’ certain patterns emerged in the past. Historians use various methods to draw hypotheses about the underlying reasons for emerging patterns and trends, but since the patterns are the results of hundreds if not thousands of years of human behaviour, these hypotheses can never be tested in reality. Our proposition is that simulation models and specifically, agent-based models (ABMs) can be used as complementary tools in historical studies to support hypothesis building. The approach that we propose and test in this paper is to design and configure models in such a way as to generate historical patterns, consequently aiming to find individual-level explanations for the emerging pattern. In this work, we use an existing, empirically validated, agent-based model of common pool resource management to test hypotheses formulated based on a historical dataset. We first investigate whether the model can replicate various patterns observed in the dataset, and second, whether it can contribute to a better understanding of the underlying mechanism that led to the observed empirical trends. We showcase how ABM can be used as a complementary tool to support theory development in historical studies. Finally, we provide some guidelines for using ABM as a tool to test historical hypotheses.

  • 7.
    Alemanji, Rudy Nkemanjong
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Innovation for Sustainable Development: How the Jonkoping Municipality is Working with Social Innovation for the 2030 Agenda2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation has been widely discussed as being extremely important for our drive towards the attainment of the sustainable development goals. This is because, as embed in its definition, sustainable development requires that we shift away from business as usual to find new ways of doing things, that take into consideration the preservation of the three pillars of sustainable development; the economic, social and ecological pillars. Since the publication of the Brundtland Report, there have been more focus, both in terms of research and policy, on the economic and ecological pillars of sustainability than on the social pillar. 

    The thesis carried out a research to determine how Jonkoping Municipalit is working to achieve the sustainable development goals, taking into perspective, the three pillars of sustainability: the ecological, economic, and social pillars. The research found that, even though the Municipality is working with all the goals and dimensions of sustainable development, more progress has been made with the ecological and economic dimensions than the social dimension.

    Using the Quadruple Helix Model of Innovation Cooperation, this research examines what kind of social innovations that are taking place within Jonkoping Municipality that are tailored for the attainment of the sustainable development goals located within the social pillar of sustainability, and who are kind of actors and activities involved. The research finds that there are some social innovations going within the municipality that are specifically geared towards the 2030 agenda.

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  • 8.
    Amashukeli, Tamar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The Russian Media and Russia's Military Intervention in Georgia in 20082011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    The Russian Media and Russia's Military Intervention in Georgia in 2008
  • 9.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Høgestøl, Sofie A.E.
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Lie, Anne Christine
    University of Oslo, Norway.
    Innledning: 2018In: Fremmedkrigere: forebygging, straffeforfølgning og rehabilitering i Skandinavia / [ed] Anna Andersson, Sofie A.E Høgestøl & Anne Christine Lie, Oslo: Gyldendal Juridisk, 2018, p. 9-23Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Carl-Philip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    What influences the Swedish opinions on entomophagy2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an introduction of the learning of key aspects affecting Swedish people’s acceptance of edible insects, in Växjö and Gothenburg. The study aims to assess the attitudes of people towards edible insects. Public general knowledge about edible insects as well as their perception about benefits that comes with insects is explored. This study tries to contribute to the introduction of edible insects and to get a deeper understanding of how you can influence people’s attitude toward insects. To understand the Swedish acceptance of edible insects this study makes use of the Theory of Planned Behaviour, which is a theory that tries to predict behaviour based on attitude, social pressure, and perceived control over the action. By studying these three categories and the addition if it is morally right or wrong to consume insects, the paper tries to identify what influences the perception to improve it long-term. To get an in-depth understanding of the categories affecting behaviour and perception, this study will make use of semi-instructed interviews. The study will establish three criteria for sampling, gender, age, and education and aims to collect adequate information by using snowball sampling.

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  • 11.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Pop-culture icons as agents of change?: The roles and fucntions of celebrity activists in peace- and development related global issues2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the possible theoretic and (f)actual role(s) of pop-culture icons in peace and evelopment-related global issues, using the qualitative research methods of text- and discourse analysis. Do pop-culture icons have a role to play at all in this field? If so, what is that role? What are these celebrity activists currently saying and doing on the international development scene and what are their analyses like? What are their current and historical functions? There is support in the academic literature suggesting that celebrity activists can possess vast power resources (scope of influence), (soft) power and (charismatic) authority, which in turn enables them to influence the attitudes and values of (especially young, receptive) people. The findings also show that the most successful celebrity activists have a global reach, as well as access to the international arenas of political power (e. g. the G8 and the World Economic Forum). Celebrity activists seem to be able to "sell" messages in a way that the politicians and officials of today cannot. When they speak, people listen. They further employ a two-level outreach, as they connect with political and economical elite groups as well as with the masses of world citizens in a way that politicians and officials, whose influence is more often limited by traditional nation state boundaries, cannot. I argue that the celebrity activists should be seen as a complement to the civil society and the work of NGO's and INGO's, since it is by further enhancing their work and strengthening their agendas that most of them act.Celebrity activists offer an alternative to the political establishment, which is viewed by suspicion by large groups of citizens, and can play a role in empowerment, inspiration, education, information, awareness raising, fundraising, opinion building and lobbying and function as diplomats, spokespersons, ambassadors, entrepreneurs, convenors and heroic voices.

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  • 12.
    Andersson, Julia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Höjer, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Short-term volunteers – Helpful or Harmful?: -A qualitative case study of short-term volunteers from a bottom-up perspective in Tanga Town, Tanzania.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    People have always been enjoying travelling and exploring new places. The phenomenon of combining travelling with social work abroad has become known as “voluntourism”. Over the last few years, voluntourism has gained a lot of criticism, claiming that it does more harm than good for the host communities. Most research that has been done on the subject is from Western researcher's perspective, which is a top-down perspective. This research will instead be from the people's perspective, and will look at volunteer tourism from a bottom-up perspective in a developing country. 

    The data for this research has been collected through semi-structured interviews in Tanga Town, Tanzania. The interviewees consist of key persons and stakeholders that are involved, or have knowledge of, short-term volunteers. This research displays the importance of more perspectives on short-term volunteers and the critique it has received in the form of Neo-colonialism and white saviour aspects. 

    Key words: Voluntourism, Short-term volunteers, Neo-colonialism, White saviour complex, Dependency, Sustainable development.

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  • 13.
    Andreasson, Jesper
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sport Science.
    Redelius, Karin
    The Swedish school of sport and health sciences, Sweden.
    Unga kroppar i rörelse: Om ideal och hälsonormer i föreningsidrott och gymkultur2018In: Barn- och ungdomsvetenskap: Grundläggande perspektiv / [ed] Thomas Johansson, Emma Sorbring, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 338-349Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ardolic, Mimoza
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Greater Albania - The Next Crisis in the Balkans?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Balkans has suffered from quite a few problems as a result of the countless ambitious endeavors for great states of the ethnic groups residing in the Peninsula. The most recent great state idea to have caused troubles in the region is the Serbs’ Great Serbia (i.e. Yugoslvia), which caused a cycle of wars, the latest one being the war in Kosovo in the late 1990s. This thesis attempts to evaluate the rumors of yet another great state in the making – or rather awakening again: the attempt at a Greater Albania, and whether the Albanians in the Balkans are still harboring the idea of any such state. Particular emphasis is placed upon the following questions:

     

    • Where does the idea of a Greater Albania stem from?
    • Is a Greater Albania today still on the Albanians’ agenda as a real political plan?
    • What speaks for and against a Greater Albania? Is the idea even feasible?

     

    The findings indicate that none of the Albanian communities residing in the Balkan region wish for a Greater Albania, nor do their leaders. The Serbs nonetheless maintain that an Albanian threat exists and has done so ever since 1878 when the idea of a Greater Albania first arose. However, according to the results of this study, their claims lack credibility. Everything indicates that today, and with Albania striving for membership in the European Union, the idea of a Greater Albania has been left in the past.

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  • 15.
    Avery, Helen
    Jönköping University ; Lund University.
    Pratiques d’engagements collaboratifs: Le rôle de la bibliothèque dans un quartier urbain multiethnique en Suède2013In: Education & Formation, p. 97-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [fr]

    L’article discute des pratiques d’engagement et de développement de littératies menées par un réseau de bibliothèques scolaires et publique intégrées, dans un quartier urbain multiethnique en Suède. La discussion traite en particulier les modalités de collaboration avec l’école, les familles, les associations, les centres de loisirs et autres acteurs du quartier, ainsi que les stratégies mises en place pour prévenir le désengagement scolaire. Le réseau de bibliothèques combine la connexion digitale et la collaboration par communautés de pratique virtuelles, avec un caractère de fort enracinement local, exprimé par son participation dans de nombreuses activités du quartier. La continuité dans les perspectives a permis d’affiner des compétences adaptées au contexte local spécifique et incite à investir dans le long terme, alors que la continuité de personnes a permis d’approfondir les relations collaboratives. La pédagogie inclusive, avec des racines dans l’éducation populaire, focalise la collaboration et l’émancipation, tant individuelle que collective. Plusieurs des activités de la bibliothèque, comme les cercles de lecture, visent l’expression, le travail sur les émotions et la diversité culturelle. Finalement, il ressort que le soutien accordé à toutes les langues du quartier, ainsi que l’utilisation de la multimodalité, favorisent particulièrement l’engagement scolaire des élèves issus de familles migrantes. 

  • 16.
    Avery, Helen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Lund University, Sweden.
    Vad spelar roll för föräldrarna?2021In: Möjligheter och utmaningar för förskola: I en tid av mångfald och rörlighet / [ed] Åsa Delblanc; Anne Harju; Annika Åkerblom, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, p. 139-151Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Barhoum, Rafah
    Shalabi, Samir
    Halimeh, Nihal
    Refugee livelihoods in Egypt and Lebanon2018In: World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies 2018 - University of Seville, Seville, Spain July 16-22, 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Beyond conventional relief efforts, gaining a more detailed picture of constraints, resources and risks encountered by refugees as well as of the meaning differing circumstances have for the concerned individuals may serve as a basis for developing more organised and collective responses to ensure social security in conditions of forced displacement and migration.Syrian refugees live very diverse situations, depending on access to social, financial and educational capital, as well as on their religion. Nevertheless, findings suggest that macro-scales policies have driven a large proportion of the interviewed Syrians into informality, and into situations of great personal insecurity. Particularly in Lebanon, policies primarily aim to restrict movement, control the refugees, and avoid permanent settlement by restrictive regulations concerning work. The Syrian community that was studied in Egypt appeared to be in a somewhat better situation. Despite restrictions on movement, lack of services, poor quality of education and poverty, Syrians had started small businesses, and functioned openly as a community. Also here, however, longer term perspectives were lacking.

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  • 18.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Halimeh, Nihal
    Lebanese American University, Lebanon.
    Crafting Futures in Lebanese Refugee Camps: The Case of Burj El Barajneh Palestinian Camp2019In: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 12, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The initiative at the Burj El Barajneh camp is run by a network of local associations, and aims at improving living conditions, services, infrastructure and livelihoods for the inhabitants. Burj el Barajneh has a large number of active associations and many highly educated professionals. However, in this kind of complex hyperdense context any kind of change needs to be carefully considered, there are no simple recipes, and existing professional expertise does not necessarily match the specific conditions of the locality. By working with collective design and collaboration between the camp's inhabitants, it becomes possible to envisage larger coordinated efforts, and to solve issues that remain blocked at an individual level.

  • 19.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Jönköping University ; Lund University.
    Hoxhallari, Itena
    Tirana University, Alania ; Children Are the Future, Albania.
    From policy to practice: Roma education in Albania and Sweden2017In: The Urban review, ISSN 0042-0972, E-ISSN 1573-1960, Vol. 49, no 3, p. 463-477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to make a contribution to recentering practice- and practitioner-oriented issues in Roma education studies. Gaps can be observed today between conditions of educational work in practice and the ways education is understood in mainstream academic discussions, compounded by the fact that educational workers in the field have limited access to academic environments. Also, as a subject dealing with minorities, education for Roma and Roma communities tends to occupy a marginal position in academic departments of Education. Inversely, in Roma studies, focus often lies on culture or history, and education is mainly considered through the lens of identity. This means that many important experiences in Roma educational work remain silent, and significant aspects of practices are not sufficiently shared across contexts. In this paper, experiences from education projects in Albania and Sweden are presented and considered against the background of Roma education policies in these countries generally. An analysis is made of the ways these projects directly or indirectly connect to local academic structures. Finally, suggestions are made of potential strategies for developing practice- and practitioner-driven research in this area, to make relevant experiences more accessible across linguistic and national borders.

  • 20.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Lund University, Sweden.
    Nordén, Birgitta
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    We Can Only Do It Together: Addressing Global Sustainability Challenges Through a Collaborative Paradigm2021In: Universities, Sustainability and Society: Supporting the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals / [ed] Walter Leal Filho; Amanda Lange Salvia; Luciana Brandli; Ulisses M. Azeiteiro; Rudi Pretorius, Cham: Springer Nature, 2021, p. 239-252Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Urgent structural change is required in higher education to allow collaboration both within and across universities so that achieving a rapid sustainability transition can become the overarching and main purpose of education, research and work in society. A review of the literature reveals that fragmentation, caused by traditional hierarchical faculty and disciplinary organisation, is a major obstacle to such goals. Additionally, universities today operate under a competitive paradigm that prevents the transfer and application of available knowledge, thereby blocking the development of new knowledge and coherent future-oriented approaches. Fragmentation and competition prevent universities from pooling resources, understanding major challenges holistically and using systemic approaches to address them. Political agendas, funding priorities and existing mechanisms of dissemination and evaluation of academic activity contribute to inertia. Rather than applying fragmented sustainability goals within rigid silo structures, action for sustainability needs to be coordinated among academic actors both horizontally and diagonally. This requires spaces for strategic thinking, concertation, open discussion and knowledge sharing. The insights achieved in strong sustainability research environments need to direct efforts towards achieving a rapid sustainability transition, and priority must be given to structures, networks and research that already enable concertation and collaboration.

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  • 21.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Said, Salam
    Masoud, Zoya
    Futures as seen from the diaspora: the Syria 2040 workshops2018In: Presented at The Refugees, Borders and Membership Conference: Open International Conference, Malmö Unviersity 24-26 October 2018, Malmö: Malmö University , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Syria 2040 workshops were initiated in 2016 by the International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics and the Centre for Middle Eastern Studies, Lund University, and ran for one and a half years, using scenario methodology. Syrians with diverse backgrounds and political standpoints, living in Sweden and other European countries, collectively reflected on possible scenarios for future developments in Syria. Since the debate in situations of conflict tends to be structured around the immediate conflict (and those who “win” or lose through this), it can be especially constructive to reflect on a longer time perspective. Also, many discussion fora are directed by particular interest groups or are financed by international actors with their own interests in the outcome. The workshops were intended as a space where more open discussions could take place across dividing lines, considering ways forward. This presentation focuses on reflections from one of these workshops, which dealt with possible roles for the Syrian diaspora and civil society. Although various factions and diverging agendas of the diaspora might sustain and aggravate tensions it was concluded that the diaspora can play a constructive role provided that it learns how to play a more active part and find suitable structures.

  • 22.
    Avery, Helen
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Sjögren Forss, Katrina
    Malmö University, Sweden.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    Malmö university, Sweden.
    Empowering communities with health promotion labs: result from a CBPR programme in Malmö, Sweden2022In: Health Promotion International, ISSN 0957-4824, E-ISSN 1460-2245, Vol. 37, no 1, article id daab069Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study describes findings from a community-based participatory and challenge-driven research programme, that aimed to improve health equity through a health promotion platform in an ethnically diverse low-income neighbourhood of Malmo, Sweden. Local residents, together with lay health promoters living in the area, were actively involved in the planning phase and decided on the structure and content of the programme. Academic, public sector and commercial actors were involved, as well as NGOs. In this study, empowerment was used as a lens to analyse focus group interviews with participants (n=322) in six co-creative health-promoting labs on three occasions in the period 2017-2019. The CBPR interview guide focused on the dimensions of participation, collaboration, and experience of the activities. The CBPR approach driven by community members contributed to empowerment processes within the health promotion labs. Findings indicate that health promotors were able to build trust in social places for integration; participants motivated each other by social support, and that the programme design enabled them to act for community health in a wider circle. To understand the processes of change and empowerment on the community level, the CBPR Health promotion programme should be followed up longitudinally with community participants.

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  • 23.
    Awil, Qubane
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Awil.
    Decentralization in Response to Drought: A Case Study to Somalia2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Decentralization has been one of the most extensively accepted political strategies since the 1980s, especially when it comes to development administration complemented by the expansion of democratization at lower levels of government. It acts as a bottom-top of authority. A proponent of decentralization argues that decentralization strengthens democracy, good governance and accountability. It is more effective and closer to the people because power is delegated to the local authority. Opponents of decentralization beliefs that is difficult to coordinate many local governments and demanding financial and human capital. This paper lies under that debate and presents how decentralization responds to droughts as a case study to Somalia.  Somalia has been exercising a highly centralized administration for a long time but now changed the structure of the government and built up a federal member states where the administration is widely decentralized. To understand the effectiveness of the system to mitigate and prevent droughts, the study will look at two different scenarios of droughts that hit the country. One was the mid-1970s under highly centralized administration while the other drought hit the country 2011-2012 under the decentralized structure of governance. This comparison aims to see the impact and respond that each system showed. The result will help the country to redesign their future prevention strategy and minimize the vulnerability of the droughts. Because of drought is one of the most destructive environmental phenomena, doing enormous damage to humankind and the livelihoods.

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  • 24.
    Backman, Jyri
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Ishockeyns affärer: en jämförelse mellan svensk och finsk elitishockey2021In: Vårt gemensamma innanhav: finskt och svenskt kring Östersjön / [ed] Lindberg, Bo, Göteborg och Helsingfors: Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhets-Samhället i Göteborg och Finska Vetenskaps-Societeten , 2021, p. 101-127Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Bagheri, Shima
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mutilations Sexuelles Féminines chez l'ethnie Diolas au Sénégal: -Une étude de terrain sur les raisons d’existence de la pratique et de l’abandon de ce phénomène2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An estimated 28% of Senegalese women are victims to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). The Jola tribe in Senegal is one of the ethnics that practice this tradition. In this thesis, I have the intention to interpret and try to understand the reasons the Jolas have to justify this practice. This will be made by an abdication method with the help of the New Institutional Theory. My purpose is furthermore to understand why the practice of FGM has reduced in some Jola-zones. Furthermore, I would like to comprehend the role of the NGO Tostan in the reduction process. To fulfil my intentions, I have made a Minor Field Study of two case studies conducted in two villages in the south of Senegal.

    The result of this thesis is that the Jolas use FGM as the first phase of the women’s initiation cycle. A girl is not allowed to enter the second phase of her initiation cycle, which is an essential step in order to succeed in the Jolas society, if she has not already passed the first phase. I have understood that the main reason to justify the practice is that the Jolas think that FGM is an Islamic decree. This signifies that the practice of FGM has come to the Jolas with the Islamization.

    After conducting ordinary programs of Tostan in the villages, both case villages have made an official declaration against FGM. According to the villagers in the first village, the role of Tostan was to help them be aware and stabilise so that they could implement the declaration. It is important to stress that the process of abandoning the practice had already started before the intervention of Tostan in this village. This study shows that there already existed certain important elements in the village that had facilitated the work of Tostan.

    The second village confirmed the importance of Tostan and affirmed that they would not have abandoned the practice without the intervention of Tostan. On the other hand, I found indications which show that all the habitants of the village have not yet abandoned the practice.

    One unexpected observation that I achieved to track during my fieldwork is that the female norm is under transformation. Today, the non-circumcised women are considered more attractive than circumcised women. Another interesting observation is that the villagers claimed that it is actually more complicated to convince the younger female generations to abandon the practice of FGM, and not the elder females, which basically can be claimed to be the prejudice we carry with us from the North, when talking about different traditions which are difficult to change because of the old generations in a society.

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  • 26.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, A Questioned Democracy.
    Coherent triads and successful inter-professional collaboration: narratives of professional actors in the Swedish child welfare system2019In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 235-249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyze how and when the professional actors within the Swedish child welfare system portray successful cooperation and determine which discursive patterns are involved in the construction of this phenomenon. The empirical basis for this study is formed by 147 recorded interviews with institution-placed youths, their parents, and different occupational categories within the social services and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. Analytical findings with the following themes are presented: (1) coherent vision triad, (2) coherent rhetorically accepted triad, and (3) coherent exclusive triad. The personal interactive aspect of cooperation among professional actors in the care of children is important for successful collaboration. This aspect also appears to be significant for producing and reproducing joint collaboration identities. However, joint collaboration identities and the coherence triad can limit the sphere of cooperation to the entities involved in the care of youths and the juvenile or his/her parents are left out.

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  • 27.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, A Questioned Democracy. University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Education for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence / Obrazovanje za kulturu mira i nenasilja2020In: The third International Victimology Conference in Bosnia and Herzegovina ”Education for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence” / [ed] Prof.dr. Azra Adžajlić-Dedović, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2020, p. 9-10 & 39-40-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    QUESTIONS: 1. WHY DO WE NEED education for a culture of peace and non-violence? 2. WHAT NEW KNOWLEDGE do we gain? 3. Is a culture of peace possible in a violent (unjust) world? 4. WHAT DOES the term “culture of remembrance” MEAN, which is a controversial phrase based on a vague mixing of individual and collective memory? 5. WHY ARE culture, multiculturalism, cultural policy, identity policy, preservation of national, ethnic, religious or cultural identity IMPORTANT? EXPLANATION OF THE TOPIC: Building of peace in today's conflicts requires a long-term commitment to establishing connections and relationships across all social levels: relationships that strengthen the resources of reconciliation within society and make effective use of contributions outside it. Peacebuilding is not just work to prevent a return to the conflict of once conflicting parties, but it focuses on the real causes not only of the just-ended war, but of all potential conflicts. In this sense, we can distinguish between a negative peace, that is, the absence of armed conflict and a positive peace that includes justice, equality and other fundamental social and political goods. In a narrower sense, peacebuilding is a process that facilitates the establishment of long-term peace and that seeks to prevent a recurrence of violence by focusing on the causes and consequences of conflict through reconciliation, institution building, political and economic transformation. (Catherine Morris; John Paul Lederach; Barnett et al., 2007; Maiese, 2003; HKO “Kruh sv. Ante”- Trauma centar)

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  • 28.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Lund University, Sweden.
    Konstruktion av normupplösning och moralisk panik. Etnografisk analys av underrättelse-, operativt polis- och gränsbevakningsarbete (Construction of norm resolution and moral panics. Ethnographic analysis concerning intelligence and operational police and border guards’ work)2018In: Nordic Journal of Studies in Policing, E-ISSN 2703-7045, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 50-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to analyze how intelligence and operative personnel in the Baltic Sea area describe the category “Russian criminals” and which discursive patterns cooperate with the construction of the category “norm-resolving Russian.” The analytical findings of a study are presented in the following themes: (1) Construction of norm resolution and moral panics: example criminal, (2) Construction of norm resolution and moral panics: example spy and (3) Construction of norm resolution and moral panics: example military invasion. The presentation of intelligence and operational police and border guard work as having varying morals and strengthening the argument for the need to fight against the other (“Russian”) can be interpreted in different ways. One interpretation is that constructed fear for the norm-resolving Russian and reproduced moralic panic is the expression of a social identity, and it is based on a contrast in relation to the “other”. By building up ideas about "enemies", moral panic is created and recreated, as well as the professional police and border guard professional identities. In addition, it shows in the analysis of the study the image of Russians pointed out by police and border guards in the Baltic region.

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  • 29.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Lund University, Sweden.
    Delić, Zlatan
    University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Genocide in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina: a sociological and pedagogical analysis of crimes against humans and against humanity during and after the war2018In: Criminal Justice Issues: Journal for Criminalistics, Criminology and Security Studies, ISSN 1512-5505, E-ISSN 2637-269X, Vol. XVIII, no 5-6, p. 37-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to reach a new understanding of genocide in northwestern Bosnia and Herzegovina during and after the Bosnian War (1992–1995). The analytical basis is a literature review of various studies from the domains of war sociology, social epistemology, and critical pedagogy. The analysis is based on the perspectives of the genocide in Bosnia as a process that began in northwestern and eastern Bosnia in 1992 and ended in Srebrenica in 1995 (in the Prijedor Municipality in northwestern Bosnia alone, more than 3000 civilians were killed in 1992). Even after mass crimes directed against the very idea of humanity – and after genocide – it is necessary to work on a pedagogy of notions focused on the politics of reconciliation and the politics of emancipation of the oppressed and disenfranchised. Therefore, it is important for the culture of peace and the politics of reconciliation to spread and promote the considerable theoretical experiences of critical pedagogy in education. We need a peaceful orientational knowledge that provides the basis for new identity politics to evolve, politics that respect the right to be different and the right to bravely distance ourselves from criminal identity politics.

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  • 30.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University.
    Delić, Zlatan
    Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Ideology, war, and genocide – the empirical case of Bosnia and Herzegovina2024In: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe, ISSN 2573-9638, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the connections among the discursive nature of ideology, identity politics, forced displacement, and symbolic and actual war violence leading to genocide. The general framework of the article is the Bosnian War (1992–1995), waged against the country and its civilians. The analytical basis is a literature review of various studies from the domains of sociology of knowledge, war sociology, and social epistemology. It is based on the perspective of the genocide in Bosnia as a process that began in northwest and east Bosnia in 1992 and terminated in Srebrenica in 1995 (in the municipality Prijedor in northwest Bosnia in 1992, more than 3000 civilians were killed). Mass crimes and the policy of fear mongering were intended to create and recreate the collective belief that coexistence in Bosnia was impossible and that establishing “ethnically pure cultures” and “ethnically pure territories” should be accepted as a deterministic historical necessity. The results of our research indicate that crimes against civilians can be “normalized” only after a “new social order” has been established as a war order with the help of media propaganda. Genocide can be committed only if the perpetrators (and its advocates acting in the name of specific identity politics) believe that committing violence can be justified by a “higher cause.”

  • 31.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, A Questioned Democracy.
    Delić, Zlatan
    University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Post-genocide Society, Criminology, and Pedagogy of Lifelong Learning: An Analysis of the Empirical Example of Bosnia and Herzegovina2019In: 19th Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology: ConverGENT, Convergent roads, bridges and new pathways in criminology. Book of Abstracts, Ghent: Ghent University , 2019, p. 315-316Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992–1995) is the historic background of this paper, as produced inthe reports of the United Nations and documents presented during international and national trialsconcerning war crimes committed during period. A literature review forms the analytical basis andcontains various studies from the domains of war sociology, social epistemology, pedagogy ofemancipation and lifelong learning, and sociology of knowledge. The aim of the paper is to analyse: 1)the negative/dark sides of social capital in the Bosnian–Herzegovinian post-genocide society thatemerged because of decades of symbolic and real war and post-war violence against the people in Bosniaand Herzegovina; and 2) the possibility of social development in the direction of a positive/lighter side ofsocial capital, in the sense of legitimising progressive politics of social development based on thefollowing foundations: a) learning peace, coexistence, and reconciliation; b) acknowledgment thatgenocide was carried out during the war and actively denied after the war; c) condemnation of genocide(both during the war and the post-war period); and d) active work to recognise the status of and obtaincompensation for the victims of the genocide (at the social, organisational/institutional, and individuallevels).

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  • 32.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, A Questioned Democracy.
    Delić, Zlatan
    University of Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Sofradzija, Halima
    University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
    Ideology of neo-fascism, education, and culture of peace: the empirical case of Bosnia and Herzegovina2019In: Critical Education, ISSN 1920-4175, E-ISSN 1920-4175, Vol. 10, no 6, p. 1-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to critically analyse intellectual conditions for education pertaining to the empirical and normative knowledge dimensions that can oppose the ideologies of neo-fascism. The analytical basis is a literature review of various studies from the domains of sociology of knowledge, war sociology, social epistemology, and critical pedagogy. The article explains the social need for better-quality public education pertaining to the meaning of political, media, and religious use and misuse of “identitarian concepts” and “identitarian terminology.” The privileged strategies of the political application of referential systems and mechanisms of ‘differentiating’ serve as the epistemic foundation to teach the concepts, terminology, taxonomies, and classifications used to separate people into “ours” and “theirs.” The genocide of Bosnian Bosniaks in the war against the Bosnian-Herzegovinian multicultural society conveys the need to create peaceful emancipatory identity politics and for a new pedagogy of emancipation of many of the oppressed and disenfranchised who are difficult to explicitly name. Conceptual problems, related to certain obvious paradoxes intrinsic in the politics of the collective representation of citizens after genocide, are linked to these processes.

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  • 33.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, A Questioned Democracy.
    Wästerfors, David
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Symbolic Interaction, Power, And War. An Ethnography-inspired Analysis Of The Narratives Of Unaccompanied Young Refugees With War Experiences In Institutional Care In Sweden2021In: Sociological Knowledges for Alternative Futures, the 15th European Sociological Association Conference, Barcelona, Spain: European Sociological Association, Autonomous University of Barcelona and Catalan Sociological Association , 2021, p. 1-2Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns young people who have experienced war, taken shelter in Sweden, and been placed in institutions. The purpose of the study is to identify and analyze power relations that contribute to the shaping of young people’s identities and repertoires of action via stigmatizations and social comparisons with different reference groups. The study’s empirical material includes qualitatively oriented interviews with six young people from Iraq, Syria, and Afghanistan who have experienced war followed by placement in institutional care in Sweden. Analytical findings with the following themes are presented: (1) power relations and war, (2) power relations and escape from war, and (3) power relations and post war. The study demonstrates that narratives about war, escaping war, and postwar life in Sweden construct and reconstruct an image of a series of interactive rituals that are both influenced by and influence the power dynamic between the actors. This relationship in turn creates and recreates an interplay among the stigmatizing experiences of the youths, their social comparisons, and definitions of inequality.

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  • 34.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, A Questioned Democracy.
    Wästerfors, David
    Lund University, Sweden.
    War and challenges for contemporary criminology: an ethnography-inspired analysis of the narratives of unaccompanied young refugees with war experiences in institutional care in Sweden2021In: (Il)legal organizations and crime. Challenges for contemporary criminology. 21st Annual Conference of the European Society of Criminology, Bucharest, Romania: European Society of Criminology and University of Bucharest , 2021, p. 203-204Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns young people who have experienced war, taken shelter in Sweden, and been placed in institutions. The purpose of the study is to identify and analyze power relations that contribute to the shaping of young people’s identities and repertoires of action via stigmatizations and social comparisons with different reference groups. The study’s empirical material includes qualitatively oriented interviews with six young people from Iraq, Syria, and Afghanistan who have experienced war followed by placement in institutional care in Sweden. Analytical findings with the following themes are presented: (1) power relations and war, (2) power relations and escape from war, and (3) power relations and post war. The narratives on war and flight recounted by unaccompanied refugee minors describe the exercise of power in practice, in which wartime interactions (based on the exercise of power) are compared and related to peaceful interactions (in which there is no exercise of power). In this context, the interactive creation of contrasts and comparisons in relation to other actors reveals various categories of actor: victim, perpetrator, and hero.

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  • 35.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, A Questioned Democracy.
    Yakhlef, Sophia
    Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    Anomie and collaboration in intelligence and operational police and border guard work in the Baltic Sea area: In-group mentality and construction of the Other2021In: Police Education: Altius – Fortius – Diutius, 8th Nordic Police Research Conference, Police University College, Tampere, Finland , 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The risks and insecurities emphasised in contemporary societies have given rise to diverse forms of policing, such as transnational, intelligence- and operative-based police collaborations. The purpose of this ethnographic study is to analyse the collaborative work among intelligence and operative personnel from different border authorities in Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Lithuania, and Latvia. The focus of this study is how the collaboration activities created an in-group mentality among the participating officers which was contrasted with another category, that of the “norm-dissolving Russian”. This category included concepts such as being a spy, a criminal and a potential military threat, and became a sort of "Other" that reinforced their own in-group bonds. Intelligence and operative personnel present in the analysed collaborative sequences create their professional identities by contrasting themselves with these categories. They build up a kind of group feeling and present a particular moral order that is created and re-created during their collaborative work. The norm-stable and the threatening norm-dissolving moralities are created within the interaction – especially when meeting work groups that differ from their own normative code. Morality is thus created and re-created in the encounter with people that are associated with being the “enemy”, present in the situation both in physical and invisible form.

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  • 36.
    Behrmann, Oscar
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Elin, Ljungberg
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Climate Change, Water Management, and Human Rights:: A Comparative Study of India and Somalia, and Prospects for Legal Frameworks2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is one of the most important issues in today's world. Its effect reaches beyond geographical borders and deeply connects to human welfare, rights, and possibilities. Climate change affects the climate and all other sectors of development in the world. The complexity of climate justice lies in its ability to recognize and confront the injustice and unfairness of climate change (Schapper, 2018). As a result of the consequences of climate change, water scarcity is becoming an increasingly serious issue in many places of the world today. In our global community, about 2 billion people do not have reliable access to safe drinking water, and 3.6 billion lack proper sanitation services. Additionally, 2.3 billion individuals do not have basic handwashing facilities. These challenges arise from uneven access to water and sanitation, increasing populations, development practices that use a lot of water, unpredictable changes in rainfall, and pollution. Moreover, a staggering 2.3 billion individuals face the absence of fundamental handwashing facilities (World Bank, 2023). To obtain two viewpoints on the concerns, we focused the study on India and Somalia, two countries facing water scarcity. Although they differ in many other aspects, they face comparable water scarcity and climate change challenges. Furthermore, the urgent issue of climate change is important to study as it could worsen tensions, create more conflicts, and hurt the most vulnerable groups. Examining this matter is crucial for creating frameworks and policies to increase resilience, safeguard vulnerable communities, and protect human rights. The definition of human rights is basic entitlements for everyone, no matter race, gender, sexuality, or who they are. We follow the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) definition. The theory is that regardless of where they are from or who they are, they are treated daily and have the same opportunities (United Nations, 2023). This research aims to understand and address the complex correlations between climate change, water resources, human rights, and the legal framework for climate justice.

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  • 37.
    Beijer, Ulla
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet, Sweden;Forskning och utveckling i Sörmland, Sweden.
    Vingare, Emme-Li
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Forskning och utveckling i Sörmland, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Hans G
    Forskning och utveckling i Sörmland, Sweden.
    Umb Carlsson, Õie
    Forskning och utveckling i Sörmland, Sweden;Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Are clear boundaries a prerequisite for well-functioning collaboration in home health care?: A mixed methods study2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 128-137Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine whether professional collaboration in home health care is associated with clear boundaries between principals' areas of responsibility and the professions areas of responsibility, respectively. Data were derived from a web-based survey that was carried out in one county in the middle of Sweden during spring 2013. Participants were health professionals and managers from the county council and from all the municipalities in the county. Both structured and open-ended questions were utilised. A total of 421 individuals (90% women) answered the structured questions, and 91 individuals (22% of the 421) answered the open-ended questions. Quantitative data were analysed with descriptive statistics methods, tests of independence and of correlation strength. Qualitative data were analysed with content analysis. The results from the structured questions showed that well-functioning collaboration was associated with clear boundaries between principals in the county overall, and for respondents in two of three parts of the county. Association between clear boundaries between professions and well-functioning collaboration was found in the county overall among the municipality population. However, in one part of the county, we did not find any correlations between well-functioning collaboration and clear boundaries between professions or principals, with the exception of home help services. The analysis of the open questions gave similar results as the quantitative analysis, illustrated within three themes: The significance of concepts, trust and interdependence, and collaboration as a means for well-being. The results indicate that, recently after an organisational change, clear boundaries between the principals' areas of responsibility and professions' area of responsibility respectively are necessary for effective cooperation between professionals. If the organisation and professionals have previous positive experience of colocated activities, clear boundaries do not share the same importance.

  • 38.
    Berg, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Nurminen, Anne-Maria
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Specialpedagog i förskolan: -förväntningar från förskolans pedagoger2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker förskolans pedagogers förväntningar på specialpedagogens uppdrag och yrkesroll. Syftet med studien är att undersöka om förväntningarna stämmer med examensordningen för specialpedagoger. Specialpedagogens yrkesroll formas i mötet med verksamheten.  Förhoppningen är att klargöra vilka förväntningar som ställs på specialpedagogen i det kommande uppdraget. För att få svar på vilka förväntningar som råder så har en kvantitativ metod använts i form av enkät. Urvalsgruppen består av verksamma pedagoger i förskolan. Resultatet visar på att det finns höga förväntningar från pedagogerna i förskolan på specialpedagogens yrkesroll. Förväntningarna gäller dock inte hela bredden av specialpedagogens examensordning.   

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  • 39.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, Ingela
    et al.
    Stockholm university, Sweden.
    Kilhammar, Karin
    Jönköping university, Sweden.
    HR-arbete med balans och integritet2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo-Prvulovic, Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 257-274Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Bergnéhr, Disa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Linnaeus University, Linnaeus Knowledge Environments, Education in Change.
    Åström, Berit
    Umeå university, Sweden.
    Introduction2021In: Single parents: Representations and resistance in an international context / [ed] Berit Åström and Disa Bergnehr, London/New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2021, p. 1--28Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The introductory chapter introduces the reader to the characteristics of the single parent group in the Western world and discusses the applied terms single mother, solo mother and single father in relation to previous research. It outlines the book and summarises each chapter with a brief discussion of the main results. The concluding discussion illuminates central themes throughout the book, mainly by juxtaposing how the genders are represented, and by stating that single parenthood is far from unambiguous, neither in practice nor in how it is represented. It is divided along the lines of gender and socioeconomic status where age, sexuality, and the reason for the singleness come into play.

  • 41.
    Bernerson, Malin
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mortlock, Caroline
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The Eldely and Development: - a field study on elderly people's livelihoods in Ribaue district, Mozambique2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 42.
    Bernerson, Malin
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mortlock, Caroline
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The Elderly and Development: A field study on elderly people’s livelihoods2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents findings from research in Ribáuè district, Nampula province, in northeast Mozambique. Our aim was to understand the living conditions of the impoverished elderly and identify strategies that may improve their situation. We conducted semi-structured interviews with elderly people, including some of the most vulnerable and some who receive income from the social assistance programme. To gain a wider context we met representatives of governmental and non-governmental organisations and referred to secondary sources.

    We use the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods framework to present the capital assets (natural,social, financial, physical and human) of Ribáuè district and of its elderly inhabitants. We consider how access to assets is affected by political, economic and cultural factors in the community. We set the situation of the elderly against the development history of postindependence Mozambique, and international concern about poverty, the ageing population and their human rights.

    We find that social assets in the form of human relationships, and natural assets in the form of land, are essential for elderly people’s livelihoods. Most of the elderly have very limited access to financial assets, apart from the few who receive social ssistance. This programme makes a very small but appreciated contribution to family welfare. However the programme’s reach has been limited geographically and eligibility regulations tend to obstruct access for the very poorest. In general the human capital of the rural and uneducated elderly is declining, as society increasingly values modern skills and knowledge. However the Ribáuè residents we met experience some benefit from infrastructure modernisation. Elderly people are receiving more attention, especially as carers of children.

    We have identified existing strategies for improving elderly people’s livelihoods. We suggest ways to build on these, as well as possible new strategies. If development policies are both equitable and successful, increased employment and taxation should enable formal pension and social security systems to provide for the elderly in the long-term future. In the short to medium term, expansion of the social assistance programme must be prioritised, as it is vital to the most vulnerable. It is also important that people’s customary engagement in mutually supportive social networks is strengthened rather than undermined by development changes.

    Key words: Mozambique, Nampula, elderly, social assistance, the food subsidy program (PSA), Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL)

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  • 43.
    Besic, Sanna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Reevaluating the Notion of Peace: Do Our Current Measurements Truly Reflect Peace?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is an ongoing theme within the field of peace conceptualisation to create and to add to the meaning of peace. This has caused a fragmented field with over 130 conceptualisations. As we move forward, it isthus necessary to review whether the methods utilised to measure peace are suitable in the ever changing contexts of today. Studies investigating levels of peace or types of peace are as important now as theywere before and as they will be in the future. As the world becomes more interconnected and complex in its actions, and as more conflicts emerge, it is important that those involved, both directly and indirectly, understand what to strive for and how far away from that goal they are. Thus, it is extremely important to examine to what extent the measuring systems of peace and adjacent topics today reflect peace. This study examines current methods of measuring peace and adjacent topics through the lens of Johan Galtung’s violence triangle and his positive and negative peace dichotomy. Through a qualitative approach, this study aims to review whether how peace is measured today applies to a broader framework of peace and, if not, what changes could be made to enhance the portrayal of peace in today’s society. In this research, five measuring systems were examined, evaluated and discussed (the Global Peace Index, the Positive Peace Index, the Freedom in the World Index, the Human Rights Index and the Human Freedom Index). They were all found to be lacking depth and width. This was especially apparent within the peace-focused indices, which, when looked at together with the rest of the systems, does not hinder a larger understanding of peace, but separately it does. All in all, the two indices focused on freedom seem to be the most peace-related based on the framework employed. These findings showcase the need to re-evaluate how peace is measured to ensure that what is perceived as peace and peacefulness accurately portray both. 

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  • 44.
    Billore, Soniya
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Cultural Consumption and Citizen Engagement - Strategies for Built Heritage Conservation and Sustainable Development: A Case Study of Indore City, India2021In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, no 5, article id 2878Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cultural heritage is an invaluable asset of any city, region, or community and is an important component in the sustainable development of societies and economies. However, the role of cultural heritage has been understudied in terms of its social embeddedness and impact on social cohesion. This has led to a demand for more insights on how cultural heritage is conserved globally and more significantly via the role of societal stakeholders. Inclusive strategies allow diverse sections of a community to engage and enrich not only the anthropological interpretations of society but also support social stability and foster positive social change. This paper exemplifies how an inclusive approach was used to engage citizen engagement for the sustainable development of the built heritage in the city of Indore in central India. Best practices are presented through secondary data through various print and online sources relevant to the context. Open coding of secondary data has helped to identify strategic approaches and relationships that emerge as crucial to citizen engagement as presented in this study. The paper discusses strategies that, based on diversity and inclusivity, contribute to the enrichment of community knowledge, increased synergistic participation, and the enhancement of the sense of collective responsibility in cultural consumption.

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  • 45.
    Billore, Soniya
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Kobayashi, Tomio
    Aichi Inst Technol, Japan.
    Wang, Ou
    Univ Waikato, New Zealand.
    Consumer attitudes towards leftover food takeout interventions: a case study of the doggy bag in Japan2021In: British Food Journal, ISSN 0007-070X, E-ISSN 1758-4108, Vol. 123, no 9, p. 3228-3244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose is to explore consumer acceptance of the doggy bag as an intervention to promote sustainable food consumption. In particular, it explores consumer attitudes towards taking home the leftover food from eating out at restaurants as a way of sustainable consumption. Design/methodology/approach A consumer survey to explore consumer attitudes, followed by an investigation of the media communications that promote the doggy bag as a tool to reduce food wastage. Findings Strategic communication was employed in an inclusive approach to increase the impact of the doggy bag on consumer behaviour. Consumers show a positive inclination towards using the doggy bag to take home the leftovers of their restaurant meals and reduce food wastage. Cultural biases can cause hurdles in the acceptance of the tool. Originality/value To the best of the author's knowledge, this is the first study to approach the behavioural analysis of leftover food takeout interventions studied from the consumer perspective. Furthermore, it is based on a novel approach of experimental methods at ready-to-eat food outlets for communicating with consumers.

  • 46. Björk, Nina
    et al.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Absolut individualism är omöjlig2018In: Dagens ETC, ISSN 1652-8980, no 2018-05-01Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilka är vi – som människor – när vi samlas på första maj? Nina Björk förklarar, tillsammans med Stefan Arvidsson, vad ett socialistiskt kulturarv är eller kan vara. Låt oss kalla det vänsterns mänskliga manifest.

  • 47.
    Blaix, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Education and Far-Right Discourses: A Study of French and Swedish Textbooks2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At present, the attractiveness of far-right parties in the politics of numerous West-European countries is clearly visible and underlines a vulnerability of their populations to far-right ideas and discourses. France and Sweden are two of those countries in which the attractive power of far-right ideas is relatively important, which draws concerns over a future peaceful and multicultural Europe.

     

    Departing from a social-constructivist worldview and Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of habitus which emphasises on the importance of education in shaping the worldview of people, this research will attempt to look at the education systems of France and Sweden for nourishing the attractiveness of far-right ideas in society. The idea of this research is thus to see how education, through the study of French and Swedish schoolbooks, influences students in relation to their understanding of foreign cultures.

     

    The findings of this research indicate that the intermediate schoolbooks of France and Sweden are responsible for spreading xenophobic, anti-immigrant, pro-European and racist elements in the minds of pupils, which ultimately create a platform for far-right ideas to flourish upon.

  • 48.
    Bood, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    WE CAN DO IT... OR CAN WE?: A Radical Feminist Analysis on the Strategies and Challenges of Female Political Participation in the 2011 Revolution in Egypt2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse female political participation in the 2011 revolution in Egypt with the help of a radical feminism theoretical framework, which effectively ensures that the female participation is analysed from an intersectional point of view. The research will be conducted as a desk study. In order to do this, the research will specifically look at the means of mobilisations used by female protesters, as well as examine the reasons why women chose to join the protests throughout Egypt between January 25 and February 11, 2011. Furthermore, the strategies used to overcome challenges and obstacles in and after the revolution will be analysed. The main result of this research is that women to a large extent used and benefited from ‘online activism’ on websites such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube both in the lead-up to and during the revolution. The research will show that women gained legitimacy during the protests by not pushing for a gender-specific agenda, but instead joined the protest under the common battle-cry of ‘bread, freedom, and dignity’ as well as taking up traditionally female roles during the protests. Moreover, the thesis will argue that the wide spread practice of female genital mutilation as well as the staggeringly high prevalence of sexual harassment and gender-based violence are severe hindrances for women to access the public sphere, and will show how the post-revolutionary government in Egypt effectively worsened the socio-political climate for women.

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  • 49.
    Boréus, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Bradley, Karin
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Tornhill, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Breaking through banal consumerism? Representations of postconsumerist perspectives in mainstream press media2024In: Journal of Consumer Culture, ISSN 1469-5405, E-ISSN 1741-2900, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 155-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Current calls for deep societal transformation stress the need to go beyond green consumption and aim for the reduction of material consumption. Such a shift is enacted by grassroots initiatives around reuse, repair and sharing. However, the possibility of postconsumerist perspectives and practices to reach a broader audience is affected by discursive opportunity structures (DOS) formed in public debate. To understand the DOS it is relevant to pay attention both to the continuous normalisation of consumption and to the ways in which alternatives are represented. To develop new analytical tools for examining what postconsumerist initiatives are up against, we introduce the concept of banal consumerism: mundane, habitual expressions that reproduce consumer culture. Through an empirical study of Swedish daily newspapers, we construct the basis for a typology of different expressions of banal consumerism. We find several expressions, of which the massive advertising of consumer goods is the most common but editorial material also plays an important role. This largely disabling DOS is then put in relation to the potentially enabling opportunities entailed in the existing media coverage of postconsumerist initiatives, practices and perspectives. The results show that postconsumerist initiatives and practices are newsworthy and presented as commendable. The fact that high levels of material consumption negatively impact the environment and life on the planet is widely accepted. To argue for degrowth or criticise consumerism is, however, controversial. Thus, support for postconsumerist practices coexist with massive expressions of banal consumerism, creating a complex set of DOS for the postconsumerist initiatives to navigate.

  • 50.
    Boström, Jonas
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Karlsson, Henrik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Waldestål, Johan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Barns intresseyttringar: En studie kring tillvaratagandet av barns intressen i förskola/fritidshem2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: Studien redogör för de företeelser vilka möjliggör eller hindrar tillvaratagandet av barns intressesfär i verksamhet inom förskola/fritidshem. Forskning och styrdokument betonar vikten av barn vilka görs till medskapare i sin vardag, där deras intressen ska utgöra grunden. SYFTE: Syftet med vår undersökning är att utreda i vilken utsträckning barn har inflytande över sina intresseyttringar i förskola/fritidshem. METOD: Med utgångspunkt i en kvalitativ ansats har examensarbetet utifrån observationer och intervjuer ämnat undersöka i vilken utsträckning barns intressen tillvaratas i verksamhet inom förskola/fritidshem. Informanterna har innefattats av både barn och pedagoger. RESULTAT: Intervjuresultatet har påvisat barns inflytande, vilket tycks vara förskjutet till den ”fria leken”. Styrdokumenten å sin sida, ger uttryck för barns rätt till inflytande över hela verksamheten. Samtliga pedagoger uttrycker att barns intresse bör ges stort utrymme. Dessvärre verkar faktorer såsom tid, miljö, barnsyn, styrdokument och stora barngrupper hämmande i tillvaratagandet av barns intressen. De centrala delarna i vårt resultat har kategoriserats. Därmed har barns och pedagogers uppfattningar utmynnat i följande kategorier: bestämmande, hörsammandet av barns intressen och tid och rum.

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