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  • 1.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Alla säger I Love You: Om orden som gör känslor och känsliga formuleringar.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 3, 91-93 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln handlar om hur orden "jag älskar dig" respektive "I love you" får betydelse både personligt, socialt och politiskt. Exempel hämtas från tv-serierna "Förhäxad" och "Sex and the City" och författaren resonerar kring hur orden skapar affektiva betydelser i kropp och genuspositioner. 

  • 2.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    När Brad och Angelina inte ville gifta sig: En berättelse om heterosexuell melankoli och politiska beslut i vardagen.2007In: Bang : feministisk kulturtidskrift, ISSN 1102-4593, Vol. 1, 39-41 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     Artikeln handlar om skvallerpressens representation av celebriteterna Brad Pitt och Angelina Jolie, och hur deras icke-gifta status producerar moralpanik och genusproblem i den populärkulturella heteronormativiteten. Artikeln tar också upp "äktenskapsfrågan" i en svensk kontext och hur frågan om äktenskapsmotstånd glömts bort av feminismen.  

  • 3.
    Adeniji, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Ordningsstörande begär: biteori som kritik av antropologisk sexualitetsforskning.2001In: Lambda Nordica: Tidskrift om homosexualitet, ISSN 1100-2573, Vol. 5 1/2, no Både och/ och/ varken eller, 54-69 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Amashukeli, Tamar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The Russian Media and Russia's Military Intervention in Georgia in 20082011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 5.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Pop-culture icons as agents of change?: The roles and fucntions of celebrity activists in peace- and development related global issues2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the possible theoretic and (f)actual role(s) of pop-culture icons in peace and evelopment-related global issues, using the qualitative research methods of text- and discourse analysis. Do pop-culture icons have a role to play at all in this field? If so, what is that role? What are these celebrity activists currently saying and doing on the international development scene and what are their analyses like? What are their current and historical functions? There is support in the academic literature suggesting that celebrity activists can possess vast power resources (scope of influence), (soft) power and (charismatic) authority, which in turn enables them to influence the attitudes and values of (especially young, receptive) people. The findings also show that the most successful celebrity activists have a global reach, as well as access to the international arenas of political power (e. g. the G8 and the World Economic Forum). Celebrity activists seem to be able to "sell" messages in a way that the politicians and officials of today cannot. When they speak, people listen. They further employ a two-level outreach, as they connect with political and economical elite groups as well as with the masses of world citizens in a way that politicians and officials, whose influence is more often limited by traditional nation state boundaries, cannot. I argue that the celebrity activists should be seen as a complement to the civil society and the work of NGO's and INGO's, since it is by further enhancing their work and strengthening their agendas that most of them act.Celebrity activists offer an alternative to the political establishment, which is viewed by suspicion by large groups of citizens, and can play a role in empowerment, inspiration, education, information, awareness raising, fundraising, opinion building and lobbying and function as diplomats, spokespersons, ambassadors, entrepreneurs, convenors and heroic voices.

  • 6.
    Ardolic, Mimoza
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences. Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Greater Albania - The Next Crisis in the Balkans?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Balkans has suffered from quite a few problems as a result of the countless ambitious endeavors for great states of the ethnic groups residing in the Peninsula. The most recent great state idea to have caused troubles in the region is the Serbs’ Great Serbia (i.e. Yugoslvia), which caused a cycle of wars, the latest one being the war in Kosovo in the late 1990s. This thesis attempts to evaluate the rumors of yet another great state in the making – or rather awakening again: the attempt at a Greater Albania, and whether the Albanians in the Balkans are still harboring the idea of any such state. Particular emphasis is placed upon the following questions:

     

    • Where does the idea of a Greater Albania stem from?
    • Is a Greater Albania today still on the Albanians’ agenda as a real political plan?
    • What speaks for and against a Greater Albania? Is the idea even feasible?

     

    The findings indicate that none of the Albanian communities residing in the Balkan region wish for a Greater Albania, nor do their leaders. The Serbs nonetheless maintain that an Albanian threat exists and has done so ever since 1878 when the idea of a Greater Albania first arose. However, according to the results of this study, their claims lack credibility. Everything indicates that today, and with Albania striving for membership in the European Union, the idea of a Greater Albania has been left in the past.

  • 7.
    Bagheri, Shima
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mutilations Sexuelles Féminines chez l'ethnie Diolas au Sénégal: -Une étude de terrain sur les raisons d’existence de la pratique et de l’abandon de ce phénomène2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An estimated 28% of Senegalese women are victims to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). The Jola tribe in Senegal is one of the ethnics that practice this tradition. In this thesis, I have the intention to interpret and try to understand the reasons the Jolas have to justify this practice. This will be made by an abdication method with the help of the New Institutional Theory. My purpose is furthermore to understand why the practice of FGM has reduced in some Jola-zones. Furthermore, I would like to comprehend the role of the NGO Tostan in the reduction process. To fulfil my intentions, I have made a Minor Field Study of two case studies conducted in two villages in the south of Senegal.

    The result of this thesis is that the Jolas use FGM as the first phase of the women’s initiation cycle. A girl is not allowed to enter the second phase of her initiation cycle, which is an essential step in order to succeed in the Jolas society, if she has not already passed the first phase. I have understood that the main reason to justify the practice is that the Jolas think that FGM is an Islamic decree. This signifies that the practice of FGM has come to the Jolas with the Islamization.

    After conducting ordinary programs of Tostan in the villages, both case villages have made an official declaration against FGM. According to the villagers in the first village, the role of Tostan was to help them be aware and stabilise so that they could implement the declaration. It is important to stress that the process of abandoning the practice had already started before the intervention of Tostan in this village. This study shows that there already existed certain important elements in the village that had facilitated the work of Tostan.

    The second village confirmed the importance of Tostan and affirmed that they would not have abandoned the practice without the intervention of Tostan. On the other hand, I found indications which show that all the habitants of the village have not yet abandoned the practice.

    One unexpected observation that I achieved to track during my fieldwork is that the female norm is under transformation. Today, the non-circumcised women are considered more attractive than circumcised women. Another interesting observation is that the villagers claimed that it is actually more complicated to convince the younger female generations to abandon the practice of FGM, and not the elder females, which basically can be claimed to be the prejudice we carry with us from the North, when talking about different traditions which are difficult to change because of the old generations in a society.

  • 8.
    Bernerson, Malin
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mortlock, Caroline
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The Eldely and Development: - a field study on elderly people's livelihoods in Ribaue district, Mozambique2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Bernerson, Malin
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mortlock, Caroline
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The Elderly and Development: A field study on elderly people’s livelihoods2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents findings from research in Ribáuè district, Nampula province, in northeast Mozambique. Our aim was to understand the living conditions of the impoverished elderly and identify strategies that may improve their situation. We conducted semi-structured interviews with elderly people, including some of the most vulnerable and some who receive income from the social assistance programme. To gain a wider context we met representatives of governmental and non-governmental organisations and referred to secondary sources.

    We use the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods framework to present the capital assets (natural,social, financial, physical and human) of Ribáuè district and of its elderly inhabitants. We consider how access to assets is affected by political, economic and cultural factors in the community. We set the situation of the elderly against the development history of postindependence Mozambique, and international concern about poverty, the ageing population and their human rights.

    We find that social assets in the form of human relationships, and natural assets in the form of land, are essential for elderly people’s livelihoods. Most of the elderly have very limited access to financial assets, apart from the few who receive social ssistance. This programme makes a very small but appreciated contribution to family welfare. However the programme’s reach has been limited geographically and eligibility regulations tend to obstruct access for the very poorest. In general the human capital of the rural and uneducated elderly is declining, as society increasingly values modern skills and knowledge. However the Ribáuè residents we met experience some benefit from infrastructure modernisation. Elderly people are receiving more attention, especially as carers of children.

    We have identified existing strategies for improving elderly people’s livelihoods. We suggest ways to build on these, as well as possible new strategies. If development policies are both equitable and successful, increased employment and taxation should enable formal pension and social security systems to provide for the elderly in the long-term future. In the short to medium term, expansion of the social assistance programme must be prioritised, as it is vital to the most vulnerable. It is also important that people’s customary engagement in mutually supportive social networks is strengthened rather than undermined by development changes.

    Key words: Mozambique, Nampula, elderly, social assistance, the food subsidy program (PSA), Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL)

  • 10.
    Blaix, Andreas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Education and Far-Right Discourses: A Study of French and Swedish Textbooks2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At present, the attractiveness of far-right parties in the politics of numerous West-European countries is clearly visible and underlines a vulnerability of their populations to far-right ideas and discourses. France and Sweden are two of those countries in which the attractive power of far-right ideas is relatively important, which draws concerns over a future peaceful and multicultural Europe.

     

    Departing from a social-constructivist worldview and Pierre Bourdieu’s concept of habitus which emphasises on the importance of education in shaping the worldview of people, this research will attempt to look at the education systems of France and Sweden for nourishing the attractiveness of far-right ideas in society. The idea of this research is thus to see how education, through the study of French and Swedish schoolbooks, influences students in relation to their understanding of foreign cultures.

     

    The findings of this research indicate that the intermediate schoolbooks of France and Sweden are responsible for spreading xenophobic, anti-immigrant, pro-European and racist elements in the minds of pupils, which ultimately create a platform for far-right ideas to flourish upon.

  • 11.
    Bood, Sofie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    WE CAN DO IT... OR CAN WE?: A Radical Feminist Analysis on the Strategies and Challenges of Female Political Participation in the 2011 Revolution in Egypt2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to analyse female political participation in the 2011 revolution in Egypt with the help of a radical feminism theoretical framework, which effectively ensures that the female participation is analysed from an intersectional point of view. The research will be conducted as a desk study. In order to do this, the research will specifically look at the means of mobilisations used by female protesters, as well as examine the reasons why women chose to join the protests throughout Egypt between January 25 and February 11, 2011. Furthermore, the strategies used to overcome challenges and obstacles in and after the revolution will be analysed. The main result of this research is that women to a large extent used and benefited from ‘online activism’ on websites such as Facebook, Twitter and YouTube both in the lead-up to and during the revolution. The research will show that women gained legitimacy during the protests by not pushing for a gender-specific agenda, but instead joined the protest under the common battle-cry of ‘bread, freedom, and dignity’ as well as taking up traditionally female roles during the protests. Moreover, the thesis will argue that the wide spread practice of female genital mutilation as well as the staggeringly high prevalence of sexual harassment and gender-based violence are severe hindrances for women to access the public sphere, and will show how the post-revolutionary government in Egypt effectively worsened the socio-political climate for women.

  • 12.
    Boström, Jonas
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Karlsson, Henrik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Waldestål, Johan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Barns intresseyttringar: En studie kring tillvaratagandet av barns intressen i förskola/fritidshem2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    BAKGRUND: Studien redogör för de företeelser vilka möjliggör eller hindrar tillvaratagandet av barns intressesfär i verksamhet inom förskola/fritidshem. Forskning och styrdokument betonar vikten av barn vilka görs till medskapare i sin vardag, där deras intressen ska utgöra grunden. SYFTE: Syftet med vår undersökning är att utreda i vilken utsträckning barn har inflytande över sina intresseyttringar i förskola/fritidshem. METOD: Med utgångspunkt i en kvalitativ ansats har examensarbetet utifrån observationer och intervjuer ämnat undersöka i vilken utsträckning barns intressen tillvaratas i verksamhet inom förskola/fritidshem. Informanterna har innefattats av både barn och pedagoger. RESULTAT: Intervjuresultatet har påvisat barns inflytande, vilket tycks vara förskjutet till den ”fria leken”. Styrdokumenten å sin sida, ger uttryck för barns rätt till inflytande över hela verksamheten. Samtliga pedagoger uttrycker att barns intresse bör ges stort utrymme. Dessvärre verkar faktorer såsom tid, miljö, barnsyn, styrdokument och stora barngrupper hämmande i tillvaratagandet av barns intressen. De centrala delarna i vårt resultat har kategoriserats. Därmed har barns och pedagogers uppfattningar utmynnat i följande kategorier: bestämmande, hörsammandet av barns intressen och tid och rum.

  • 13.
    Carlquist, Oliver
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Coffee Shops och Red Light District en turistattraktion?: En studie om hur Amsterdams image påverkas av sexturism och drogturism2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att en destination utstrålar en stark och positiv image har blivit en viktig faktor för att attrahera turister. En negativ global image av en destination kan bidra till en minskad turism. I denna studie söks en förståelse för hur Amsterdams image påverkas av sex- och drogturismen i staden. Teorier som bemöter primära och sekundära turistattraktioner, sökandet efter nöjes/meningsfulla upplevelser och image segmentering har satts i relation med insamlat empiriskt material hämtat från två enkätundersökningar samt tre semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Studiens analys visar att sex- och drogturismen genererar både en positiv och negativ image för Amsterdam i koppling till vad som är moraliskt riktigt. Studien visar att sex- och drogimagen inte påverkar resenärers beslutprocess av att besöka staden.

  • 14.
    Casey, Jonathan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Understanding High Dropout Rates in Primary School Education in Mozambique2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mozambique remains one of the poorest countries in the world and has one of the least functional basic education systems. Despite a rapid expansion in access to basic education, the vast majority of pupils fail to complete a full seven year cycle of primary school. This research aims to better understand the characteristics, causes and consequences of children dropping out of primary school among low income families in rural areas. The research is based upon a qualitative fieldwork study in Ribáué, a rural district in the northern province of Nampula.

    Theoretically orientated by the Capabilities Approach, giving a holistic conception of education and development, this research will analyse the findings using the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods (SRL) framework. Such a model enables the analysis to incorporate a diverse range of household, societal and exogenous aspects to give a rich interpretation of the situation.

    Given education’s prominence in many development discourses, particularly in relation to the Millennium Development Goals and the forthcoming post-2015 agenda, this research aims to contribute a deeper understanding of the role of education in such situations, what factors influence the dropout phenomenon, and the consequences of children failing to finish primary school.

    The results indicate that dropouts are characterised by situations of extreme income poverty interacting with exogenous factors which create vulnerable livelihoods and where the quality of education is considered low. The causes of dropouts generally relate to families’ lack of resilience to cope with socio-economic shocks and the paucity of post-school opportunities. The consequences are severe for the individuals, their families and Mozambique, resulting in limited capacity to create sustainable livelihoods. There is also a likely transgenerational effect, with future generations afflicted by persistent vulnerability due to a lack of capabilities and opportunities from not completing school.

  • 15.
    Ciganovic, Renato
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Tates, Mikael
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    A model for Assessing Cost Effectiveness of Facility Layouts: A case study2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master thesis is to develop a model for assessing cost effectiveness of facility layouts. A critical literature review of the available relevant models as well as theories was performed in accordance to this purpose. After this a model was developed in order to cover lacks in existing theories. The aim of the model is to evaluate different facility layouts, from both economical and working environmental aspects. The model as a whole is about evaluating, creating and selecting the most preferable facility layout. In this thesis a case study has been performed for testing the developed model. The case company for this testing was the Mail Terminal in Alvesta, which is a part of Posten Sweden AB. The mail terminal receives, sorts and distributes the mail further. The result of this thesis is that, by following the model the authors were able to evaluate all the layouts and also to create the most preferable one. This thesis provides a general model in a structured way, primary aimed to be used for manufacturing companies. Further researches could be to test the model on service producing companies and to define to what extent the model can be generalised.

  • 16.
    Cohen, Scott A.
    et al.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Higham, James E. S.
    University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Peeters, Paul
    NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences, The Netherlands.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University, Sweden.
    Understanding and Governing Sustainable Tourism Mobility: Psychological and Behavioural Approaches.2014Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a growing contribution to climate change, tourist and traveller behaviour is currently not acknowledged as an important sector within the development of climate policy. Whilst tourists may be increasingly aware of potential impacts on climate change there is evidence that most are unwilling to modify their actual behaviours. Influencing individual behaviour in tourism and informing effective governance is therefore an essential part of climate change mitigation.

    This significant volume is the first to explore the psychological and social factors that may contribute to and inhibit sustainable change in the context of tourist and traveller behaviour. It draws on a range of disciplines to offer a critical review of the psychological understandings and behavioural aspects of climate change and tourism mobilities, in addition to governance and policies based upon psychological, behavioural and social mechanisms. It therefore provides a more informed understanding of how technology, infrastructure and cost distribution can be developed in order to reach stronger mitigation goals whilst ensuring that resistance from consumers for socio-psychological reasons are minimized.

    Written by leading academics from a range of disciplinary backgrounds and regions this ground breaking volume is essential reading for all those interested in the effective governance of tourism’s contribution to climate change now and in the future.

  • 17.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Gupalova, Ia
    Female drain: A comparative study of Ukrainian and Swedish students’ preferences for mobility: ("Утечка" женщин: Сравнительный анализ мобильных предпочтений украинских и шведских студенток)2014In: Вченi записк: Харкiвського гуманiтарного унiверситету "Народна  украiнськая академiя", Том XX.: (Scientific Works: Of Kharkiv University of Humanities "People’s Ukrainian Academy", vol. 20.) / [ed] Астахова В.I (Astahova), Kharkiv: Народна украiнськая академiя , 2014, 1, 197-209 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Every country would like to retain citizens with high action capacity and education. Ukraine is experiencing a mobility pattern that can be termed a Female drain. Through a sample of students from Sweden and Ukraine, we find that females have higher mobility preferences than males. Our results shows, however, that Swedish females lack an emigration preference, while Ukrainian females have a very high preference for emigration. We believe that Female drain is not solely induced by opportunities of individual wealth, but is driven by needs that can be satisfied by a welfare state directed towards childcare and female work opportunities.

  • 18.
    Dahné, Hans
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Hållbar utveckling - vad får grundskoleeleven lära?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka om, och i så fall hur dagens elever i grundskolan undervisas om hållbar utveckling enligt riktlinjerna i Baltic 21E.

    Studien är av kvalitativ karaktär och bygger på intervjuer av skolledning samt undervisande lärare i NO- och SO-ämnen vid två högstadieskolor i två kommuner i nordöstra Skåne.

    Baltic 21E:s övergripande mål gäller alla utbildningsnivåer, men anger speciellt för grundskolan att eleverna skall ha ”kompetens, värderingar och färdigheter för att kunna vara aktiva, demokratiska och ansvarsfulla medborgare och för att kunna fatta egna beslut”, samt kunna delta i beslut inom olika nivåer i samhället för att skapa ett hållbart samhälle. Eleverna ska också ha färdigheter, kompetens och relevant yrkesutbildning för sitt framtida arbetsliv.

    Resultatet visar att eleverna når likvärdiga kunskapsmål trots att de två skolorna bedriver undervisningen olika. Läromedlen är samma eller i vart fall likartade och innehåller de punkter Baltic 21E pekar på.

    De använda läromedlen uppfyller de normer Baltic 21E anger, varför alla grundskolor har möjligheten att bereda sina elever en tillfredsställande undervisning om hållbar utveckling, men ämnena bör samordnas bättre. Begreppet hållbar utveckling bör markeras med en ”flagga”, så att den ämnesövergripande kopplingen blir tydligare, och lättare att förstå för eleverna.

  • 19.
    Danielsson, Lina
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Jakobson, Hanna
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    [GADering WID Boserup]: Three perspectives on women and the gender impasse in the Mozambican district of Nacala Porto.2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to understand the situation concerning women and gender in relation to development, in the Mozambican district of Nacala Porto. The ambition is to identify present theoretical feminist perspectives in terms of perceived problems for women, their ability to solve them, focus areas for improvement and strategies for reaching development aims.

    To enable an understanding of the situation concerning women and gender in relation to development, we have conducted an analytical framework consisting of three main theoretical feminist perspectives in international development policies. These were applied as analytical tools, which consisted of Ester Boserups perspective of Women’s role in economic development, Women In Development (WID) and Gender And Development (GAD).

    The study displayed a discrepancy between the powerful women in the Mozambican parliament and the lack of social power described by the women in Nacala Porto. At the district level the results showed a dominating modernistic paradigm, similar to the situation identified by Boserup, who emphasised that the economical development did not benefit women equally. The subordination of women has been apparent in the district. The long-term strategy of transforming the gender structure has been met with support as well as resistance. The GAD-aim of mainstreaming gender showed a gap between international policy and practise in the district. The interventions that were WID-oriented have on the other hand shown progress regarding female representation, non-discriminatory legislation and increase of girls starting primary school. However, the WID-progress is limited without a gender perspective.

    Three main areas were continuously discussed as means having to change, to potentially alleviate poverty and include women in the development process. These areas were the access to employment, sustainable education and functioning family relations. The interdependence of these areas also seemed to require an integration of the three theoretical feminist perspectives of Boserup, WID and GAD.

  • 20.
    Danielsson, Pehr-Henric
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Iterera, iterera, iterera: En studie om hur en upprepande designprocess kan förbättra användbarheten i Provbankens interaktiva distansprov2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Provbanken is part of a national examination system, which is meant to be a mark-setting complement to existing tests in the upper secondary school. Växjö University has been part of the development of tests regarding the vocational subjects since 1997. Because the content of these web-adapted tests is essential, the design of the tests must be made easy to understand. In other words, the usability has to be obvious and must not create trouble for the user. As one of the developers of these interactive tests, I wanted to find a way to minimize the problems and increase the usability. In the conducted background studies, I found that the iterative design process was suggested as the best method to achieve my goal. With the help of usability tests applied to theoretical frame of reference, one of the tests created at Växjö University was evaluated. Since a test regarding homecare was chosen, the target group became six homecare students. Three of them took part in the first usability test. The gathering of data was conducted with the help of a qualitative method, where observations and interviews were used as empirical techniques. In the following analysis six high or medium high problems were discovered, out of which three of the most urgent problems were solved. These problems were evaluated and implemented with help of theoretical guidelines into a prototype, which later became usability tested with the three remaining homecare students. In the analysis made, the compared results showed an improvement of the usability in the specific, investigated test. However, it could clearly be stated that several issues persisted until the goal of minimizing the problems could be achieved.

    This thesis shows the importance of performing iterative design processes in interactive systems in order to increase the usability. The study clearly points out the importance of usability tests and how theory can be a complement in the design of interactive interfaces.

  • 21.
    Dannert, Cornelia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    "Stolt Rom och En Helt Vanlig Svensson": En studie om hur romer blev "zigenare"2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lite modern forskning har gjorts kring gestaltningen av romer i Sverige och därför är det av stor vikt att lyfta upp och ifrågasätta journalisters och mediers makt och påverkan i kontexten av stereotypi och diskriminering. Om okunskaper och fördomar får spridas vidare eller lyfts upp och ifrågasätts kan ha stor inverkan på hur majoritetssamhället ser på romer och andra minoritetsgrupper i Sverige. Syftet med uppsatsen är således att lyfta upp och ifrågasätta journalisters och mediers makt och belysa graden av stereotypifiering som sker i medierapporteringen.

  • 22.
    de Brito, August
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    STREET CHILDREN AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF CHILD PROTECTIONREGULATIONS: COMPARING BRAZIL AND SOUTH AFRICA2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children are the group of a society that is most vulnerable to the effects of poverty and inequality.Street children, particularly, could represent the ultimate misfortune of poverty and inequality. The problem is enlarged by the indication that the number of street children around the world isincreasing in pace with increasing social inequality.

    This study departs from a rights-based approach of research informed by United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). The purpose of this study is to compare Brazil and South Africa in their levels of commitment to children's rights, specifically in making internationaland national laws and regulations widely known and enforced in their respective societies, measured through the knowledge and perceptions of NGO-staff not only as professionals, but also as private citizens. The main data sources used were email-surveys and telephone interviews with NGO-staff, alongside with analysis of the CRC and the national child protection regulations in Brazil and South Africa. The main findings of this study represent a step towards covering some of the gaps in the researchliterature concerning street children. These findings are that Brazil and South Africa do not fully cover the contents of the CRC into their national child protection laws. The other finding regards the fact that Brazilian NGOs working with street children do not make consistent use of the national institutions responsible for the protection of children's rights. South African institutions, on theother hand, do make use of the national institutions responsible for the protection of children's rights.

  • 23.
    De Cave, Marco
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Who gives a ‘dam’ about the Omo River in Ethiopia?: Water security and sustainability of the Gibe III dam through a social-ecological analysis2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Large dams represent complex social-ecological systems, perhaps the most complicated projects among large infrastructures. Nowadays, developing and developed countries consider large dams as a viable solution to provide low-cost energy production and flood control for agriculture production. However, the debate about dams is generally focused on technical arrangements, lacking of a holistic perspective of analysis, while their effects may be disruptive for a wider number of factors.

    The present paper proposes to study large dams within the theory of common-pool resources, focusing on the relation between water security and sustainability. The use of a social-ecological framework facilitates a dynamic analysis among different variables of large dams. What is more, it permits a cross-scale analysis, enabling one to understand the extreme complexity of social-ecological changes in a considered system.

    This research will focus on the Ethiopian large dam Gibe III, predicted to start functioning at the end of this year. It is already altering the downstream conditions of Omo River and Lake Turkana, shared by Ethiopia and Kenya, posing a threat to the livelihoods of thousand people. However, the current discussion about it still appears limited to technical solutions to the dam implementation. Arguing the opposite, the social-ecological framework enables one to include information sharing, climate change and collective-choice rules as important elements to be considered to bring the discussion at a broader level of understanding.

    From the analysis of Ethiopia, it is found that large dams cannot alone be the answer to water security if they are not connected to more vast social-economic reforms. The paper argues that the interpretation of large dams must be considered as part of the broader social, ecological and politico-economic situation, transcending from the mere local situation. The overall picture is not whether not to build them or not, as there is not a real choice, but how to foster instruments of analysis that preserve the environment and societies, while defeating poverty.

  • 24.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Avlärande2013In: Förändringens entreprenörer och tröghetens agenter: människobehandlande organisationer ur ett nyinstitutionellt perspektiv / [ed] Stig Linde och Kerstin Svensson, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, 159-172 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Linde, Stig
    Lunds Universitet.
    Knocking on heaven`s door: The evaluation community goes to church2013In: Evaluation, ISSN 1356-3890, E-ISSN 1461-7153, Vol. 19, no 4, 431-441 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ideas and concepts about evaluation travel around the globe. Studies of how evaluation models are disseminated, diffused and implemented are important. In this article, we examine an organization with a history of traditions and legitimacy and a successful audit of its own and how it responds to modern concepts of administration where evaluation plays an important role. Based on an analytical framework from organizational theory, we show how an evaluation model has been either adopted, rejected or transformed depending on the local context and consider why central policies have had limited success in its implementation. This article should contribute to a better understanding of the transformation that evaluation undergoes in the journey between and within organizations.

  • 26.
    Domínguez R., Edmé
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    “La formation en Relations Internationales en Périphérie: Une «tropicalisation » des perspectives de la métropole? Le cas de certains programmes de formation en RI au Mexique”2010In: La Perspective en Relations internationales / [ed] Hélène Pellerin, Outremont, Québec: Athéna éditions , 2010, 89-108 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter tries to explore the conditions in which such a discipline as International Relations in studied from the periphery taking Mexico as a case-study. Given the fact that Mexico has a very special relationship to the US, can we expect any special perspectives or contributions to the theorization of IR among Mexico’s specialists in the area? Which perspectives are Mexican IR specialists giving their students, which major schools of thought are privileged in the teaching of new generations of IR students? Which are the historical determinants or geo-political constraints of such ways to approach IR? This study tries to examine the case of two elite teaching programs with the discipline of IR in Mexico in order to give an answer to these questions.

  • 27.
    Domínguez R., Edmé
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Stenman, Åsa
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Latin America and the Regional Powers - a synthesis study2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this report is to, based on the earlier identified trends presented in the studies written in 2008, 2007 and 2006, describe and discuss possible future consequences in terms of security policy, for great powers such as the United States, Russia, China, the European Union and in its extension, Sweden. The study pays special attention to important conclusions with possible security (policy) implications based on the earlier published reports as well as discussions of possible and plausible changes in the region that could have security (policy) consequences.

  • 28.
    Eklöf, Motzi
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Alternativ medicin: forskning igår, idag, imorgon1999Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

      

  • 29.
    Eklöf, Motzi
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Gränsöverskridande forskning kring alternativ medicin1999In: Prosana : egenvård. Vetenskapligt visad., ISSN 1401-3444, no 2, 12-15 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

        

  • 30.
    Elg, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Ellström, Per-Erik
    Linköping University.
    Klofsten, Magnus
    Linköping University.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Sustainable development in organizations2015In: Sustainable development in organizations: studies on innovative practices / [ed] Mattias Elg, Per-Erik Ellström, Magnus Klofsten, Malin Tillmar, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, 1, 1-15 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Elg, Mattias
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Ellström, Per-ErikLinköping University.Klofsten, MagnusLinköping University.Tillmar, MalinLinköping University.
    Sustainable Development in Organizations: Studies on Innovative Practices2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An increasingly competitive environment can lead to considerable problems for many organizations as they struggle to adapt to change. As a result, they fail to create the conditions that can lead to sustainable development over the long term, thus affecting the capabilities of employees. This book provides a fresh perspective on sustainable change and development in organizations, as well as a critical perspective on lean implementation, work environment and sustainability.

    The expert contributors address the development in, and of, organizations, as well as the development process between organizations, such as in networks or clusters. They discuss topics, such as the role of customers in the development of public organizations; developing knowledgeable practice at work; exploring evidence-based practice and the challenge of regional gender contracts.

    Undergraduates and postgraduates in different management fields including organizational theory, innovation, human resources, quality development and entrepreneurship will find this book to be of interest. The empirical results and interdisciplinary approach will appeal to practitioners and policy-makers at national, as well as international levels.

  • 32.
    Emilsson, Olof
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Teaching a Child to Walk: perspectives on the contemporary situation in Kosovo2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to achieve a greater understanding of the contemporary situation in Kosovo. This understanding is to be made concrete by viewing the international community’s and the domestic actor’s view of the root causes to the contemporary situation. First, the historical background and the contemporary political-, economical- and societal situation of the province are presented. Secondly follows the International Community’s- and the domestic actors stated view that is analyzed using the theories of Political Culture, Relative Deprivation and Human Needs.

    The method that I have chosen is the qualitative together with Semi Structured Interviews that took place in Kosovo during spring 2007.

    I find in my analysis that the view of the International Community and the domestic actors differ. The international community judge the root causes to be foremost the economy, historical legacy and unresolved status and that these have an Interest need based feature. The Kosovo Albanian elite deems that the economy, dual administration, living in a post-communist society and the unresolved status are the most important root causes. The Kosovo Serbs judge them to be lack of political stability and security, and the unresolved status. These needs are Value- and Human Need based to a greater extent than the International Community’s stated ones.

    Keywords: Kosovo, International and Domestic Perspective, Relative Deprivation, Human Needs

  • 33.
    Ewald, Jonas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Wohlgemuth, Lennart
    School of Global Studies, Gothenburg University.
    Challenges for the Opposition and Democratisation in Tanzania: A View from the Opposition2012In: Africa Development, ISSN 0850-3907, Vol. 37, no 2, 63-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the period after 1990, a massive return to liberalised forms of politics has taken place and has been largely centred around the dismantling of one party- regimes, the termination of a large number of military-led or dominated governments, the embrace of a multiparty political framework, the introduction of an independent media, the restoration of some basic freedoms to the people of the countries concerned and the convening of multi-party elections. This development was so widespread and overwhelming that it was seen by many observers as the beginning of Africa’s second liberation (Olukoshi 1998; Gyimah-Boadi 2004; Mkandawire 2006). Potential gains to the peoples from the liberalisation of their national political spaces were undermined since the 1980s by the conditions set by outside suppliers of necessary resources, combined with internal challenges in terms of weak institutions, civil society and media as well as lack of a tradition of multi- party democracy and general poverty. Matters appear to have been worsened by the fact that in many African countries the promise which the opposition once represented as the bearer of the hopes and aspirations of the people has substantially faded away. Several factors have contributed to weaken and, in some cases, discredit the opposition in much of Africa’s ongoing experience with multiparty politics. This is a serious development that begs for further investigation; as the development of a healthy and vigorous opposition is a major part of a democratic framework. In this study, we will see how the situation in Tanzania has evolved over the past 17 years of multi-party development; based on rather unique interviews with Professor Ibrahim Lipumba, leader of one of Tanzania’s major opposition parties.

  • 34.
    Farjam, Mike
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Mill, Wladislaw
    University Jena, Germany.
    Panganiban, Marian
    Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Germany.
    Ignorance Is Bliss, But for Whom? The Persistent Effect of Good Will on Cooperation2016In: Games, ISSN 2073-4336, E-ISSN 2073-4336, Vol. 7, no 4, 33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Who benefits from the ignorance of others? We address this question from the point of view of a policy maker who can induce some ignorance into a system of agents competing for resources. Evolutionary game theory shows that when unconditional cooperators or ignorant agents compete with defectors in two-strategy settings, unconditional cooperators get exploited and are rendered extinct. In contrast, conditional cooperators, by utilizing some kind of reciprocity, are able to survive and sustain cooperation when competing with defectors. We study how cooperation thrives in a three-strategy setting where there are unconditional cooperators, conditional cooperators and defectors. By means of simulation on various kinds of graphs, we show that conditional cooperators benefit from the existence of unconditional cooperators in the majority of cases. However, in worlds that make cooperation hard to evolve, defectors benef

  • 35.
    Ferling, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Yearning of Yalambojoch: A field study about rural poverty in northwestern Guatemala and the importance of local influence over development2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1996, Guatemala achieved peace after 36 years of civil war which took root in the political and social oppression of the country’s vast indigenous population. To counter the country’s widespread poverty, inequality and ongoing political and social frustrations the Guatemalan government adopted a liberal peace building agenda by ‘globalizing’ its economy and by decentralizing the political and economic process. Through this process, Guatemala has achieved a democracy which is accepted by western standards as well as the classification of a middle income country. However, the vast, and predominately rural, indigenous population has been left behind in this progress; it is estimated that 7 out 10 indigenous Guatemalans today are facing more or less severe livelihood conditions below the poverty line, why Guatemala remains one of the most unequal countries in the world. The government now hopes to overcome the shortcomings in the rural sector by stimulating local agricultural projects and ideas which are anchored in the many and various territorially strengths and challenges throughout Guatemala’s countryside; the intention is, in other words, to encourage a stronger local control over the development process.This study explores the conditions for, and the relevance of, local ownership of development in terms of livelihood improvements in Yalambojoch, one indigenous agriculture community in one of the poorest and most war torn regions in Guatemala. An abductive field work with a holistic livelihood-approach has been necessary in order to localize more or less obvious factors that are trapping the village in poverty, and to understand to what degree poverty is determined by the village’s level of autonomy, or ownership, over its development process. The results shows that the village's low livelihood level is determined by agricultural insufficiency, poor access to crucial services and political and socio economic isolation. The village's empowerment is restricted to protection of territory, which reproduces a context in which a more participant autonomy in a wider societal setting is thwarted, where external development projects are often reluctantly rejected due to local mistrust, frustration and discontentment with governmental as well as private agencies and where the livelihood situation consequently remains essentially static.

  • 36.
    Filipsson, Svante
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Hultman, Anders
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Is smoking and clothing doing any good for Mozambique: a study of cashcrops and its effects in northern Mozambique2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The question of the cultivation of cash crops in Africa south of Sahara has long been debated. We have examined the situation of cash crop cultivation for the peasant of northern Mozambique. What factors are needed for a peasant to be able to choose to cultivate cash crops and what are the effects on the peasant’s situation when cultivating cash crops? With help from James C. Scott’s theories about food security and the safety first principle see how the possibilities are for the peasant to grow cash crops.

    By using the Lewis two-sector model we have examined the possibilities for a peasant of northern Mozambique abilities to make the transition from the agricultural sector to the industrial sector. We found this model insufficient to explain the transition of labour in the Mozambican society. The model needs two additional sectors to fully explain the transition in Mozambique. These sectors, cash crop and semi-industrial, are needed because the transition is too far in terms of productivity and technology. An extensive cash crop production is therefore important for the economic development. We have also found that food security is important for the peasants in order to start growing cash crops.

  • 37.
    Fransson, Helena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Karlsson, Madeleine
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    "With the Strength of a Group": A Minor Field Study of Small-Scale Farmers’ Socio-Economic Situation in Kagera, Tanzania2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is based on a minor field study conducted in Kagera, Tanzania, during approximately two months in 2009. In the Kagera region, agriculture is seen as the main dependent factor for the small-scale farmers' livelihoods, which is an activity challenged by environmental constraints including soil degradation and deforestation. The non-governmental organisation Vi Agroforestry has been active in Kagera since 2005, focusing on the re-establishment of a healthy and sustainable environment, while simultaneously trying to reduce the levels of poverty and food insecurity through rural-based agroforestry techniques and enterprise development. Its work is implemented with a demand-driven group approach and the small-scale farmers' self-reliance as a key element.

    The purpose of the field study was to investigate the socio-economic situation for small-scale farmers in Kagera and how it possibly had changed over time as well as in what ways Vi Agroforestry so far might had affected the farmers' situation. The possible diverse development between farmers that were members in groups collaborating with the organisation and non-members was also investigated. During the field study semi-structured interviews signified the main source of information and the material gathered was analysed according to the capital assets of the pentagon of the sustainable rural livelihood framework.

    Overall, even though the small-scale farmers still seemed to face challenges in their daily lives when this study was conducted, the general impression was that their socio-economic situation had improved over time and that Vi Agroforestry had constituted a contributing engine for this development. The main contributions by the organisation in this regard seemed to have been the education and training in agriculture and agroforestry techniques, enterprise development and micro savings and loans. Due to an apparent small-scale development with a diverse focus among the farmers on improving different capitals, as well as insufficient data on how the farmers' situation was before the organisation's arrival, no prominent differences seemed evident between the farmers who were members of groups collaborating with Vi Agroforetry and non-members.

  • 38.
    Galvao, Gabriela
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Securitization of migration and transnationalization of migration affecting Swedish integration policy2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    “Unemployment is a restriction of people’s social

    networks and the feeling of participation in the society”

    -Marita Eastmond & Lisa Åkesson

    Abstract

    The main aim of this study is to discuss integration in the labour market by analyzing and discussing a governmental Proposition and a Pilot Project as well as the results of the field work herein carried out. In order to understand how integration in the labour market occurs and to provide some suggestions to improve the governmental documents, the concepts of securitization of migration and transnationalization of migration were used as analytical frameworks. The Pilot Project chosen is Pilotverksamhet med etableringssamtal och etableringsplan – Uppdaterad projektplan med mål och riktlinjer för den utvidgade försöksverksamheten based on the Proposition 2009/10:60Nyanlända invandrares arbetsmarknadsetablering – egenansvar med professionellt stöd”. The research questions are 1) which questions are left aside from the Proposition and which are possible suggestions to the questions found? 2) How are the interviewees and the Pilot Project/Proposition affected by securitization of migration and transnationalization of migration? Furthermore, suggestions to improve the proposition were discussed. Interviews with primary and secondary stakeholders were also carried out. This analysis was carried out together with the results of the field work in Kronoberg (focused on residents of Araby, Arbetsförmedlingen and Växjö Kommun) in the view of the concepts of securitization and transnational migration issues. The method of this research is qualitative with an abductive approach. The result of this study indicates a number of issues to be improved in the Proposition document before the law be promulgated by the government, as well as some issues that hinder the integration process of the primary stakeholders. Reflection for future studies concerning the influence of securitization and transnationalization phenomena, as well as suggestions to improve people’s integration processes are presented in the conclusion of this study. 

    Keywords: Arbetsförmedlingen, Araby, county, immigration, integration, international migration, municipality, Kommun, policy, Proposition, securitization, Sweden, Swedish, Växjö

  • 39.
    Gargano, Francesco
    et al.
    University of Palermo, Italy.
    Tamburino, Lucia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mathematics.
    Bagarello, Fabio
    University of Palermo, Italy ; National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN), Napoli, Italy.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Large-scale effects of migration and conflict in pre-agricultural groups: Insights from a dynamic model2017In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 12, no 3, e0172262Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The debate on the causes of conflict in human societies has deep roots. In particular, the extent of conflict in hunter-gatherer groups remains unclear. Some authors suggest that large-scale violence only arose with the spreading of agriculture and the building of complex societies. To shed light on this issue, we developed a model based on operatorial techniques simulating population-resource dynamics within a two-dimensional lattice, with humans and natural resources interacting in each cell of the lattice. The model outcomes under different conditions were compared with recently available demographic data for prehistoric South America. Only under conditions that include migration among cells and conflict was the model able to consistently reproduce the empirical data at a continental scale. We argue that the interplay between resource competition, migration, and conflict drove the population dynamics of South America after the colonization phase and before the introduction of agriculture. The relation between population and resources indeed emerged as a key factor leading to migration and conflict once the carrying capacity of the environment has been reached.

  • 40.
    Gellrich, Arne L
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Peace Plus the Shooting?: A Critical Evaluation of SDP Practices and Tenability2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study discusses the phenomenon of Sport for Development and Peace, in short SDP, which in recent years and with active support from the United Nations has been constantly gaining importance. Focusing on football, as the most popular sport, the thesis asks the question whether the generally positive view on both sports and the effects of sport participation on behaviour and the psycho-social development of youths is indeed a realistic assessment and if, in consequence, the game of football is accordingly applicable to projects in a peace-building context.

    To answer that question, the thesis first gives an overview over existing views and agendas concerning SDP projects among the international community, NGO’s, the private sector and academia. Then, two case studies of projects in Israel and the Balkans are presented, followed by a review of academic findings on the overall impact of sports. In an analytical part, the findings on the views on SDP, the case studies and the research considering sport in general are brought together.

    As a main result, the study manages to answer the research question, reaching the conclusion that the ramifications of sport are indeed much more ambivalent than generally suggested, and that the assessment of NGO’s, MNC’s and the UN alike would need to be adjusted accordingly. The UN recommendation to further sports in a peace-building context is not supported, however the human right to access to sport is recognised and the proliferation of sports in this context encouraged. It is however pointed out that such programmes are not automatically conductive towards the aims of peace and development work, but should rather be closely watched and well planned and implemented to avoid negative effects. Furthermore, SDP projects should be more thoroughly connected to other civil society initiatives. Both recommendations are so far not followed by the initiatives selected for the case studies.

  • 41.
    Gunnarsson, Caroline
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Writing the Small Narratives of Child Soldiers: A Field Study From Northern Uganda2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 42.
    Gunnarsson, Ingemar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Linnaeus University Centre for Concurrences in Colonial and Postcolonial Stuides.
    Biografin som historisk genre och metod2015In: Livsberättelser, kultur & hälsa / [ed] Motzi Eklöf, Margareta Petersson, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015, 1, 75-79 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Gupta, Bharat
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    HOW TO IMPROVE NONCONFORMITY ROUTINES2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is all about quality improvement work with focusing on nonconformities routines. The purpose is to improve the process of nonconformity routines and to identify the most important issues and causes behind nonconformity routines in order to have good quality of the products and satisfied customer to achieve continuous improvement. This project is conducted at a case study at the case company GMV Sweden AB producing lifts and their components. The problem in the case company is how the case company is handling nonconformity routines which consist currently of two streams one for problems in production which leads to internal nonconformities and another is handling customer complaints. The author visits the case company to collect essential information for this work and performs face-to-face user interviews, Q&A via email. The knowledge gained on different quality tools in author's education on Terotechnology department forms the basis of this research. The author plans to solve the problem by analyzing, mapping the existing processes and using different quality tools. The author analysis is based on theoretical and empirical facts, also different quality tools like process mapping, cause effect diagram, flowchart has been used to identify the problem and relevant suggestions have been proposed to improve their current situation. In the results and conclusions the author has explain the various improvement techniques and suggestions to handle internal nonconformities and customer complaints. The author believes by implementing the suggested improved model company can address their quality issues, which will improve the productivity to a greater extent and enable them to achieve their goal of continuous improvement.

  • 44.
    Gustafsson, Aurora
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Första plats, andra plats, tredje världen.: En postkolonial studie om hur begreppet tredje världen gestaltas i svenska medier.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the essay is to investigate how the term ’Third world’ is constructed in media. With this I intend to make a historical survey of the conception. With the help of Swedish newspapers and their description of the concept, I am going to answer the following questions: How is the concept ‘Third world’ constructed in script, in a historical context and in modern time? Is there a tendency of racism in the term?

    The method I used was discourse analysis. To get further answer to my questions I used postcolonialism as a theoretical starting-point, whitch brings forth the effects and after-effects colonialism has on the identity and culture of the colonialised. The concept ‘Third World’ has gone from signifying a composition of countries that wanted to prove they stood neutral in the ‘Cold war’, to, during the latest centuries, consist of a very large group of people that are believed not to be able to take care of themselves an thereby needs to be brought up by the Western world. In order to this, social hierarchies are established along with hidden conditions of power, whitch you only can start breaking down by showing that they do exist.

  • 45.
    Gärdenfors, Peter
    et al.
    Lund University ; Stellenbosch Univ, South Africa.
    Högberg, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences. Univ Johannesburg, South Africa ; Stellenbosch Inst Adv Study, South Africa.
    The Archaeology of Teaching and the Evolution of Homo docens2017In: Current Anthropology, ISSN 0011-3204, E-ISSN 1537-5382, Vol. 58, no 2, 188-201 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teaching is present in all human societies, while within other species it is very limited. Something happened during the evolution of Homo sapiens that also made us Homo docens—the teaching animal. Based on discussions of animal and hominin learning, we analyze the evolution of intentional teaching by a series of levels that require increasing capacities of mind reading and communication on the part of the teacher and the learner. The levels of teaching are (1) intentional evaluative feedback, (2) drawing attention, (3) demonstrating, (4) communicating concepts, and (5) explaining relations between concepts. We suggest that level after level has been added during the evolution of teaching. We demonstrate how different technologies depend on increasing sophistication in the levels of cognition and communication required for teaching them. As regards the archaeological evidence for the different levels, we argue that stable transmission of the Oldowan technology requires at least teaching by demonstration and that learning the late Acheulean hand-axe technology requires at least communicating concepts. We conclude that H. docens preceded H. sapiens.

  • 46.
    Göranson, Louise
    University of Kalmar, School of Communication and Design.
    En undersökning åt IKEA om ungdomars syn på inredning och design2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to improve IKEA´s understanding of how their target group of 12 to 18 years old boys and girls thinks when they visit the showrooms in the department stores. What make them enter the showrooms? Is it the colours, the furniture or the whole concept? How are they inspired to furnish their own room? Do they get ideas from the showrooms or are they looking for a specific furniture? These types of questions have increased young people´s interest for design and decoration over the last decade. It transpires with help from an article written by Vittorio Girotto and Michel Gonzalez how children are influenced in an early age by their own temperament and their natural surroundings. Children reasons and acts according to what they believe adults would have done in a similar situation.The methods that have been used during this project are interviews, surveys, observations, hypothetical persona, persona and ABL (IKEA´s own method). ABL in English stands for “Activity”, “Need” and “Solution”. With help from these methods and articles shows that it is the parents who have the greatest influence on children and youths how they choose to furnish and decorate their room. In the result of this report it is shown what youths think of the existing showrooms and even suggestions how the target group could interact with the showrooms. Suggestion for a “Theme” have been created with help from persona models, observations and interviews based on the target groups own answers. Here you can read what youths think of the existing showrooms, what is missing and what can be improved.

  • 47.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Res Inst, Sogndal, Norway.
    National emissions from tourism: An overlooked policy challenge?2013In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 59, 433-442 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has been recognized as a significant greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions sector on a global scale. Yet, only few studies assess tourism's share in national emissions. This paper compares and analyses existing inventories of national emissions from tourism. Studies are difficult to compare, because they use different system boundaries and allocation principles, omitting or including lifecycle emissions and GHG other than CO2. By outlining and analysing these differences, the paper estimates the contribution made by tourism to national emissions, and its greenhouse gas intensity in comparison to other economic sectors. Results indicate that while emissions from tourism are significant in all countries studied, they may, in some countries, exceed 'official' emissions as calculated on the basis of guidelines for national emission inventories under the Kyoto Protocol. This is a result of the fact that bunker fuels are not considered in national GHG inventories, leading to underestimates of the energy- and GHG intensity of tourism economies. While further growth in tourism emissions can be expected in all countries studied, energy-related vulnerabilities are already considerable in many of these. Climate policy for tourism, on the other hand, is largely non-existent, calling for immediate action to consider this sector in national legislation. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 48.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University.
    Urban transport justice2016In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 54, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many cities in the world seek to establish more sustainable urban transport systems with a view to reduce accidents, congestion, air and noise pollution, and to improve social interactions, liveability and amenity values. Against this background, this paper frames urban transportation as an issue of justice: contemporary transport systems are characterized by injustice, as they tend to favour and prioritize motorized transport, accepting that considerable environmental and social burdens are put on more sustainable forms of transportation, other traffic participants and society as a whole. To conceptualize 'urban transport justice', the paper discusses three dimensions where injustices are apparent: Exposure to traffic risks and pollutants; distribution of space; and valuation of transport time. It is argued that public and political recognition of urban transport injustices provides significant argument for changes in urban planning, transport infrastructure development and traffic management. © 2016 Elsevier B.V..

  • 49.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Freytag, T
    Die Globalisierung des Tourismus in Europa aus der Perspektive des Klimawandels2012In: Geographische Rundschau, ISSN 0016-7460, Vol. 64, no 3, 36-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism, Western Norway Research Institute, Sogndal, Norway.
    Hall, C. M
    Ekström, F
    Brudvik Engeset, A
    Aall, C
    Transition management: a tool for implementing sustainable tourism scenarios?2012In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 20, no 6, 899-916 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is academic, political and industry consensus that tourism should achieve greater sustainability, a process requiring stakeholder involvement on various levels. It is less clear how significant actor numbers can be mobilized to pro-actively work towards sustainability goals, achieving significant systemic change. This paper explores the transition management literature to provide a theoretical framework for stakeholder involvement and policy implementation processes in sustainable tourism. A selection of sustainable tourism initiatives by global tourism and transport organizations are reviewed and discussed with regard to the mechanisms and approaches used to involve stakeholders, and their success or otherwise in achieving change. This is compared to the results of a national tourism sustainability initiative by the Norwegian government initiated in 2010. The initiative brought together 62 leading stakeholders from all tourism interests, except airlines, for a series of six intensive discussion and goal setting sessions. Evaluation shows that stakeholder awareness and knowledge appear to have improved substantially, and potential government policy initiatives legitimized – though few tangible results can yet be seen. Overall results suggest that transition management provides a valuable theoretical framework to understand change processes, while the dialetics of stakeholder involvement and policy implementation are an essential precondition for successful governance.

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