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  • 1.
    Abakumova, Olga
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    The use of the prepositions to and with after the verb to talk in British and American English: A corpus-based study2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a study of the use of the prepositions to/with after the verb to talk in British and American English. The research is based on the material from the COBUILDDirect corpus, Longman American Spoken Corpus and New York Times CD-ROM. The common and different features of the use of talk to/with in different genres of American and British English as well as in written and spoken English were studied; special attention was paid to the factors which influence the choice of the prepositions. The research has shown that generally talk with is used much less than talk to and probably is undergoing the process of narrowing of meaning. With after talk seems to be used most often to refer to two-way communication while talk to is used to refer to both one- and two-way communication and is, therefore, more universal than talk with.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Niclas
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Bylund, Emanuel
    Stockholms universitet.
    Andraspråksinlärning och förstaspråksutveckling i en andraspråkskontext2012In: Flerspråkighet – en forskningsöversikt / [ed] Kenneth Hyltenstam, Monica Axelsson, Inger Lindberg, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2012, p. 153-246Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Adolfsson, Helen
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    The British hedgerow in Sweden: Dealing with spatial differences and reader differences related to the author-reader relationship and culture-specific referents aided by a translation-oriented text analysis model2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Adolfsson, Matilda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    ”Det är som en skattjakt – var är skatten?”: En kvalitativ studie om elevers användning av lässtrategier i årskurs 32018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vilka kognitiva och metakognitiva strategier elever i en årskurs 3 beskriver sig använda för att förstå text. Eftersom lässtrategier kan ge elever möjlighet att få förståelse för det som läses, fördjupa sig i text samt kontrollera sin läsförståelse är det angeläget att undersöka elevers användning av lässtrategier. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för studien är modellen Reading as a Meaning-Constructed Process: The Reader (Ruddell & Unrau, 2013). Studiens material består av intervjusvar från 14 elever i en årskurs 3. Ett individuellt möte har genomförts av studiens författare med varje elev. Det individuella mötet har bestått av en läsaktivitet följt av en semistrukturerad intervju. Samtliga elevintervjuer har spelats in via röstinspelning och transkriberats. Transkriptionerna av intervjusvaren har kategoriserats i en innehållsanalys med kategorierna kognitiva strategier och metakognitiva strategier. Resultatet visar att eleverna beskriver sig använda de kognitiva strategierna att söka efter ledtrådar, göra textkopplingar och skapa inre bilder. Resultatet visar även att eleverna beskriver sig använda de metakognitiva strategierna att läsa om, läsa långsamt, läsa vidare och gå tillbaka, hoppa över och ta extern hjälp. Denna studie lyfter fram lässtrategiers betydelse för elevers läsförståelse redan i tidigare år i grundskolan samt vikten av undervisning i lässtrategier för elevers framtida skolframgångar. 

  • 5.
    Adrian, Anderson
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Tystnad - talande tystnad: Luckor och möjlighetsutrymmen i Alice Munros novell "Hateship, friendship, courtship, loveship, marriage"2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 6.
    Agebjörn, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Stolt, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Att bygga en bro mellan två språk: En språkanalys av två matematikläromedel för årskurs 32016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study is to perform a linguistic analysis of mathematics textbooks. Mathematical text exercises are built up of linguistic structures which are significant for the pupil’s understanding of text exercises. Two different mathematics textbooks for grade three are analysed: Prima matematikand Tummen upp. The aim is to investigate how text exercises in mathematics textbooks are linguistically structured. The study analyses the style, form and content of the text and its relation to the reader. The result shows that the content of the text exercises is close to the pupil’s everyday reality, which ensures a close and strong relationship between the writer and the reader. Something which can entail difficulties for reading comprehension, however, is that the form consists of meaning-bearing mathematical terms which it can be difficult to relate to. Since the mathematical language and the everyday Swedish language meet in text exercises, it is important that they interact well with each other.

  • 7.
    Agebjörn, Jennie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Stolt, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Högläsning - bara att läsa högt?: En kvalitativ studie av tre lärares syn på högläsning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Reading aloud is regarded in the study as an occasion where a teacher reads to pupils and where this involves both reading and conversation about what has been read. It is a learning activity in which everyone together shares an experience. Reading aloud is moreover a way to develop the pupil’s ability in reading and language. The aim of the study is to investigate teachers’ views of reading aloud in schools. Three different teachers were interviewed and observed in the study. They work at different schools in grades 1 to 3. The result is based on interpretations of interviews and observations, and it shows that relaxation and conversation ability are two main purposes of reading aloud. As regards the teachers’ methods there are similarities in the choice of book, the reading environment, and the work with the book. The result shows that the teachers see many advantages in reading aloud, but that the time aspect is significant for the extent to which they chose to work with reading aloud.

  • 8.
    Agnell, Emma
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Terminology and function hybridity: A functionalist approach to the translation of an art history book2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses two aspects of the retention of pragmatic text functions in translation. The functionalist approach that was used focuses on achieving congruence between the author’s intended function and the perception of the reader, i.e., the target text’s actual function. The first aim was to examine whether a focus on text functions can be beneficial when translating terminology. The second aim was to investigate if a functionalist approach can be used to assure that all functions are retained for instances where the source text encompasses more than one pragmatic function. For the purposes of this study, two excerpts from Fritz Eichenberg’s art history book The Art of the Print were translated. Individual terms as well as instances where the source text segment contained one than more pragmatic function were then analyzed with the above mentioned aims in mind. It was found that a functionalist approach, in combination with a conceptual approach to terminology, was beneficial when translating terminology. It was also observed that the surrounding co-text aided in the understanding of the author’s concept. In regard to the second aim, it was found that while a functionalist approach assured that the translator was made aware of the existing functions, the translation procedures suggested were too narrow and static to be applicable to all segments.

  • 9.
    Agnevall, Paula
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    La dichotomie entre le centre et la périphérie dans "Le Ventre de l'Atlantique" de Fatou Diome2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Ahlgren Andersson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Att integrera konflikter i svenskämnet2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11. Ahmed, Maaheen
    et al.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Apocalypse Why? The Neutralisation of the Antichrist in Three Comics Adaptations2012In: Scan: Journal of Media Arts Culture, ISSN 1449-1818, E-ISSN 1449-1818, Vol. 9, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Ahmed, Malika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Genusframställning i barnböcker: Analys av sju barnböcker2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Ahnelöv, Ingrid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Att lära genom att skriva: Om samspelet mellan skrivande och research vid tilblivelsen av Mor Elisabeth2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Aineström, Catharina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Kreativmetropole, Rundumsorgloswohlfühlpakete und Wunsch-Location: Berücksichtigung der Textfunktion und des Textstils bei der Übersetzung eines webbasierten Tourismustextes2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    This essay deals with translation issues, mainly in regard to text function and text norms, which arose during the transfer of a German source text, situated within the field of tourism, into a Swedish target text. Special attention was paid to anglicisms, a typical feature of German marketing language and also a key stylistic feature of the source text at hand.

    A challenge to translators in general is which textual and cultural considerations, besides considerations of language, should be taken into account in the translation process. In translation literature semantics and pragmatics have received considerable attention. The analysis in this particular essay was based on the skopos theory and Reiss’ translation-oriented text typology.

    The analysis showed that the source text has an operative function, meaning that it is aimed at influencing the reader in a specific direction, but at the same time fulfills an informative function. Both these functions must be reflected in the translation. The comparison of text norms of tourist texts showed that the use of anglicisms is less common in Swedish tourist texts than in German tourist texts, and therefore many of the anglicisms in the source text were exchanged for equivalent Swedish expressions in the target text. When an equivalent anglicism was not available, the denotation was expressed in accordance with the function of that particular linguistic element, which means that in some cases semantic equivalence was attained and in some cases priority was given to text-normative and pragmatic equivalence.

  • 15.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    From stimulated recall to disciplinary literacy: Summarizing ten years of research into teaching and learning in English2015In: English-Medium Instruction in European Higher Education: English in Europe. Volume 3 / [ed] Dimova, S. Hultgren, A-K. Jensen, C., Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2015, p. 157-176Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter summarizes my research work in Swedish higher education in the area of teaching and learning in English. Sweden makes for a particularly interesting case study since there are high levels of English competence in the general population and a large percentage of university courses have traditionally been taught through the medium of English.

    The work I have done falls into three broad categories:  University learning in English, University teaching in English and Disciplinary differences in attitudes to English language use.

    Over the years I have used a range of data collection techniques including video recordings of lectures, semi-structured interviews, questionnaires and stimulated recall. The research work is almost exclusively qualitative in nature adopting a case study approach.

  • 16.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Initiating Collaboration in Higher Education: Disciplinary Literacy and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning.2011In: Dynamic content and language collaboration in higher education: theory, research, and reflections / [ed] Jacobs, C., Cape Town: Cape Peninsula University of Technology , 2011, p. 57-65Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    När undervisningsspråket ändras till engelska [When the teaching language changes to English]2010In: Om undervisning på engelska / [ed] Gunnar Enequist, Aija Sadurskis, Åsa Rurling, Stockholm: Högskoleverket , 2010, p. 57-64Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Stockholm University.
    Tarja Nikula, Emma Dafouz, PatMoore and Ute Smit (Eds.). Conceptualising integration in CLIL and multilingual education. (2016),Bristol: Multilingual Matters. 276 pp., ISBN978-1-78309-613-8 (PBK).2017In: ESP Today - Journal of English for Specific Purposes at Tertiary Level, E-ISSN 2334-9050, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 297-302Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    The ability of students to explain science concepts in two languages2010In: Hermes - Journal of Language and Communication Studies, ISSN 0904-1699, E-ISSN 1903-1785, Vol. 45, p. 35-49Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Airey, John
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    The relationship between teaching language and student learning in Swedish university physics2011In: Language and learning in the international university: From English uniformity to diversity and hybridity / [ed] B. Preisler, I. Klitgård & A. Fabricius, Multilingual Matters, 2011, p. 3-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Uppsala University.
    Fredlund, Tobias
    Uppsala University.
    Linder, Cedric
    Uppsala University.
    On the Disciplinary Affordances of Semiotic Resources2014In: Book of Abstracts: The First Conference of the International Association for Cognitive Semiotics (IACS-2014), September 25-27, 2014, 2014, p. 54-55Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the late 70’s Gibson (1979) introduced the concept of affordance. Initially framed around the needs of an organism in its environment, over the years the term has been appropriated and debated at length by a number of researchers in various fields. Most famous, perhaps is the disagreement between Gibson and Norman (1988) about whether affordances are inherent properties of objects or are only present when they are perceived by an organism. More recently, affordance has been drawn on in the educational arena, particularly with respect to multimodality (see Linder (2013) for a recent example). Here, Kress et al. (2001) have claimed that different modes have different specialized affordances. Then, building on this idea, Airey and Linder (2009) suggested that there is a critical constellation of modes that students need to achieve fluency in before they can experience a concept in an appropriate disciplinary manner. Later, Airey (2009) nuanced this claim, shifting the focus from the modes themselves to a critical constellation of semiotic resources, thus acknowledging that different semiotic resources within a mode often have different affordances (e.g. two or more diagrams may form the critical constellation).

    In this theoretical paper the concept of disciplinary affordance (Fredlund et al., 2012) is suggested as a useful analytical tool for use in education. The concept makes a radical break with the views of both Gibson and Norman in that rather than focusing on the discernment of one individual, it refers to the disciplinary community as a whole. Put simply, the disciplinary affordances of a given semiotic resource are determined by those functions that the resource is expected to fulfil by the disciplinary community. Disciplinary affordances have thus been negotiated and developed within the discipline over time. As such, the question of whether these affordances are inherent or discerned becomes moot. Rather, from an educational perspective the issue is whether the meaning that a semiotic resource affords to an individual matches the disciplinary affordance assigned by the community. The power of the term for educational work is that learning can now be framed as coming to discern the disciplinary affordances of semiotic resources.

    In this paper we will briefly discuss the history of the term affordance, define the term disciplinary affordance and illustrate its usefulness in a number of educational settings.

  • 22.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages. Uppsala University.
    Lauridsen, Karen M.
    Aarhus University, Denmark.
    Rasanen, Anne
    University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Salo, Linus
    Stockholm University.
    Schwach, Vera
    Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education, Norway.
    The expansion of English-medium instruction in the Nordic countries: Can top-down university language policies encourage bottom-up disciplinary literacy goals?2017In: Higher Education, ISSN 0018-1560, E-ISSN 1573-174X, Vol. 73, no 4, p. 561-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, in the wake of the Bologna Declaration and similar international initiatives, there has been a rapid increase in the number of university courses and programmes taught through the medium of English. Surveys have consistently shown the Nordic countries to be at the forefront of this trend towards English-medium instruction (EMI). In this paper, we discuss the introduction of EMI in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). We present the educational setting and the EMI debate in each of these countries and summarize relevant research findings. We then make some tentative suggestions for the introduction of EMI in higher education in other countries. In particular, we are interested in university language policies and their relevance for the day-to-day work of faculty. We problematize one-size-fits-all university language policies, suggesting that in order for policies to be seen as relevant they need to be flexible enough to take into account disciplinary differences. In this respect, we make some specific suggestions about the content of university language policies and EMI course syllabuses. Here we recommend that university language policies should encourage the discussion of disciplinary literacy goals and require course syllabuses to detail disciplinary-specific language-learning outcomes.

  • 23.
    Albépart-Ottesen, Chantal
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Elaboration de l'énoncé chez l'apprenant de FLE: Répétitions et reprises2002Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    L1 speech production is often interrupted by hesitations revealed through a variety of phenomena ranging from silent pauses to comments. Most of these interruptions are caused by the action of a control system, a  “monitor“, which checks our speech internally while it is produced or after the production has reached the articulatory level. Speech production is checked against an internal model of lexical and grammatical correctness. If the demands of the monitor are not met, a repair may take place so that the speaker’s production reaches the expected level of correctness. It would seem that the result of constant interruptions, followed by repairs, would bring disorder into our speech but, in most cases, the listener is not disturbed by these interruptions, since his perception system brings order and re-establishes the linearity of the propositional content.

    The speech of L2 learners is controlled during and after production. Even if the monitor follows the same pattern of work when controlling L2 production, the repair is not necessarily done in a similar way because the learner’s internal grammar and lexicon are not complete and cannot be consulted as quickly as L1 lexicon and grammar. L2 learners rely on a certain amount of acquired knowledge but they also need to be given the time to refer to learned rules and patterns because the retrieval of these has not yet been automaticized.  As teachers, we often resent hesitations as disturbing and as an indication of the learner’s incapacity to produce correct speech.

    In this study, we observe the L2 speech production of learners of French and their behaviour when meeting linguistic problems. The study is concentrated on repetitions and recasts produced when the learner hesitates and shows signs of an effort to retrieve learned knowledge. These repetitions and recasts are presented as different hypotheses put forward by the learner in his/her attempts to reach a solution to a linguistic problem. They show the L2 speech production as a step-by-step process. The focus here is on repetitions and recasts in connection with French  -ment-adverbs.

  • 24.
    Albépart-Ottesen, Chantal
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Reprises et répétitions chez l'apprenant de FLE2003Report (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Albépart-Ottesen, Chantal
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    "What Am I? What Do I Want?": An analysis of The Glassy Sea by Marian Engel2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is a study of The Glassy Sea by the Canadian author Marian Engel. The novel focuses on the main character's self exploration ans her search for identity. A Jungian approach to this novel is particularly appropriate since the author makes use of several achetypes and symbols. Moreover, the novel is presented in an introspective manner that brings to the mind the method of self-examination used in psychoanalysis. The essay studies the development of the main character's identity, Rita. Her quest can be summed up in two questions: Who is she and what does she want to do with her life? We follow Rita through a series of steps that will lead her to maturity and to an independant life. Her development takes place in stages and the essay focuses on four of these. There is a regularity of pattern at each stage; Rita lives in different homes where she is under the influence of a mentor, whose role model she accepts at first, submits to and finally rejects. Among the archetypal images that appear in the novel, we find that the mother archetype is omnipresent and that Rita's growth progress is strongly connected to the mother complex. The author also makes use of the egg, the rose and the sea symbols to underline certain aspects of Rita's development. The essay seeks to connect Rita's developmental phases to the initiation rituals and the individuation process described by Jung.

  • 26.
    Albépart-Ottesen, Chantal
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Élaboration de l'énoncé chez l'apprenant suédois de FLE2000In: Moderna Språk, ISSN 0026-8577, Vol. XC!V, no 2, p. 176-183Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Alexandersson, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Fantasy är inte bara verklighetsflykt: Att använda fantasy för att utveckla elevers läsförståelse och motivera till läsning av kanoniska texter2013Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att undersöka hur fantasy kan användas för att öka elevers läsförståelse. Min uppsats är teoretisk på så sätt att jag inte har gjort någon empirisk undersökning. Jag har istället använt mig av läsförståelseundersökningar, litteratur om läsning samt genomfört en litteraturanalys av Tolkiens Härskarringen.

     

    De undersökningar jag använt mig av, PISA-undersökningen från 2009 och IEA:s undersökning om läsförståelse, visar att pojkar generellt har sämre läsförståelse, framförallt på de berättande texterna, och därför har jag valt att fokusera på fantasy, som är en genre som Olin-Scheller (2006) i sin undersökning kommit fram till att pojkar föredrar.

     

    Pojkars sämre läsförståelse kan förstås som vilken läsarroll de intar vid läsningen, ett uttryck från Appleyard som Olin-Scheller använder sig av för att förklara elevers läsning. Då högre läsförståelse kräver att läsaren intar rollen som tolkare, har jag i min analys av Tolkiens Härskarringen gått in i den rollen och visat på de delar i verken som en lärare skulle kunna lyfta fram för eleverna. Eftersom pojkar inte lika ofta når upp till rollen som tolkare och därför avvisar texter som kräver den rollen vill jag visa hur de kan stanna i den genre de trivs med (här kommer motivationsaspekten in) och ändå utveckla sina läsarroller. Då Tolkiens verk även har så många referenser till andra texter, ofta kanoniska, är det min förhoppning att eleverna genom att komma till insikt om detta även ska motiveras till att läsa dessa texter och förstå hur ett litterärt verk bara kan förstås i sitt sammanhang.

  • 28.
    Alexandersson, Alexandra
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Från E till A i samma text: Hur sju svensklärares och fem svensklärarstudenters bedömning av en elevtext varierar i helhet och detalj.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate how Swedish teachers and student teachers of Swedish vary in their assessment of a pupil’s text, in judging both the text as a whole and its parts. In the study the informants were asked to assess a pupil’s text (a text presenting an argument) from the national examination in Swedish 1 with the aid of an assessment matrix and then complete a questionnaire assessing the text as a whole and in its parts. The responses to the questionnaire were analysed statistically with a focus on how the assessments varied. A sociocultural and situated perspective was applied in the study, along with psychometry and the theory of discourses of writing, to give more perspectives on the results. The study found that the assessments varied between grades C and A for the text as a whole and between E and A for the aspects of argumentation, content and critical reading, contextual signals and reference connectors, introduction, conclusion, situational adaptation and self-sustaining. The study also found that the student teachers were generally stricter in their assessment. The greatest variations in the student teachers’ assessment were found to concern aspects of the communication discourse, while in the teachers’ assessment it was aspects of the construction discourse that revealed the greatest variation. The greatest difference between the two groups concerned aspects of the correction discourse.

  • 29.
    Alexandersson, Emma
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Frost, My
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Individuell läsning som undervisningsmetod: En studie om lärares och elevers upplevelser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker den individuella läsningen som undervisningsmetod. Syftet är att åskådliggöra lärares och elevers upplevelser av individuell läsning, med fokus på utformning och kunskapsinhämtning, för att sedan jämföra och belysa relationen dem emellan. Studiens teoretiska utgångspunkter är konstruktivism och fenomenologi, vilka betonar vikten av elevernas intresse och motivation för att lärande ska uppstå, samt att individernas uttalanden om det studerade fenomenet är sanningsbärande fakta. Studiens material består av 15 ljudinspelningar, där två lärare och 13 elever intervjuats om deras upplevelser av individuell läsning. Materialet transkriberades och analyserades med hjälp av en innehållsanalys. Resultatet visar att upplevelserna av den individuella läsningens utformning i vissa avseenden skiljde sig åt mellan lärarna och eleverna. Eleverna upplevde att det inte läggs så stor vikt vid den individuella läsningen, en upplevelse som inte delades av lärarna. Litteraturen var en av de faktorer eleverna upplevde som avgörande för att den individuella läsningen skulle fungera som lärandeaktivitet. Eleverna upplevde att motivation var det viktigaste för att utveckla kunskaper och läsintresse genom individuell läsning. Lärarna upplevde att eleverna genom den individuella läsningen skulle få möjlighet att utveckla läsintresse, läsförmåga, läsförståelse samt språklig förmåga. Eleverna menade att de genom att läsa utvecklade språklig förmåga, läsförmåga, läsförståelse, föreställningsvärldar samt skaffade sig faktakunskaper genom litteraturen. Jämförelsen mellan lärarnas och elevernas upplevelser visar att de i många fall liknar varandra. Tankarna skiljde sig i att eleverna upplevde att de utvecklade faktakunskaper och sina föreställningsvärldar, vilket lärarna inte nämnde. 

  • 30.
    Alfredsson, Maria
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Attityder till ämnet svenska som andraspråk: Intervjuer med lärare och elever på en grundskola i år 7-9 om deras syn på sv2-ämnets roll, status och organisation2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka attityder till ämnet svenska som andraspråk i år 7-9 bland sv2-elever och svensk- och sv2-lärare i en svensk grundskola i Kronobergs län. Jag undersöker även om det finns någon skillnad i attityder hos de olika lärarna beroende på ämneskompetens. Undersökningen består av datainsamlingar baserade på intervjuer med sex lärare och tolv elever. Själva undervisningen i sv2 upplevs av lärarna som övervägande positiv. Det är utvecklande för eleven att läsa sv2, men undervisningen får dock inte isoleras för mycket från ordinarie klass. Samtliga lärare har påpekat att det finns brister inom ämnet sv2. Ämnet har låg status, det saknas en lokal kursplan och det brister även i lärarsamarbete. Vidare ges inte information om ämnet sv2 till berörda elever och föräldrar. Trots alla brister påpekar dock lärarna vikten av undervisning i sv2. Studien visar att eleverna är positivt inställda till ämnet sv2 eftersom de lär sig behärska det svenska språket. Eleverna i undersökningen upplever inte ämnet som segregerande. I undersökningen framgår det inte att eleverna skulle ha sämre framtidsutsikter för att de har läst sv2. Eleverna menar att sv2 har förbättrat deras språkliga förmåga och därmed även deras chanser att lyckas ute i arbetslivet.

    Nyckelord: sv2-elever, sv2-lärare, sv2, attityder

  • 31.
    Alfredsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    Sand, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Language and Literature.
    "Det får i en barnbok absolut inte finnas nånting som bara vuxna tycker är roligt": - en undersökning om hur barnlitteratur väljs till förskolan2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår undersökning är att ta reda på hur pedagoger väljer litteratur till förskolan då den är viktig för läs och skrivinlärningen. Vi vill också undersöka vilket inflytande barnen har på valet av litteraturen. Vi har i undersökningen intervjuat tre pedagoger samt en barnbibliotekarie. Frågeställningarna är: Hur väljer pedagoger barnlitteratur till förskolan och vad styr valet? Har barn inflytande över litteraturvalet till förskolan? Hur ser i så fall detta inflytande ut? Resultaten av intervjuerna har bearbetats och diskuterats för att kunna presenteras. I diskussionen framkom att alla pedagogerna genom samarbete med bokbussar ser till att det finns barnlitteratur på förskolan och att denna byts ut regelbundet. Det visar sig att barnen har ett relativt stort inflytande över valet av litteratur, men att det ser ut på olika sätt och kunde utvecklas. Barnbibliotekarien hade ett aktivt och nära samarbete med förskolan. Det framkom att ingen av våra informanter gjorde någon utvärdering av barnlitteraturen. Det visade sig också att IKT är på stark ingång och konkurrerar med barnlitteraturen.

  • 32.
    Alissandrakis, Aris
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Reski, Nico
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Laitinen, Mikko
    University of Eastern Finland, Finland.
    Tyrkkö, Jukka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Levin, Magnus
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Visualizing dynamic text corpora using Virtual Reality2018In: ICAME 39 : Tampere, 30 May – 3 June, 2018: Corpus Linguistics and Changing Society : Book of Abstracts, Tampere: University of Tampere , 2018, p. 205-205Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, data visualization has become a major area in Digital Humanities research, and the same holds true also in linguistics. The rapidly increasing size of corpora, the emergence of dynamic real-time streams, and the availability of complex and enriched metadata have made it increasingly important to facilitate new and innovative approaches to presenting and exploring primary data. This demonstration showcases the uses of Virtual Reality (VR) in the visualization of geospatial linguistic data using data from the Nordic Tweet Stream (NTS) project (see Laitinen et al 2017). The NTS data for this demonstration comprises a full year of geotagged tweets (12,443,696 tweets from 273,648 user accounts) posted within the Nordic region (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden). The dataset includes over 50 metadata parameters in addition to the tweets themselves.

    We demonstrate the potential of using VR to efficiently find meaningful patterns in vast streams of data. The VR environment allows an easy overview of any of the features (textual or metadata) in a text corpus. Our focus will be on the language identification data, which provides a previously unexplored perspective into the use of English and other non-indigenous languages in the Nordic countries alongside the native languages of the region.

    Our VR prototype utilizes the HTC Vive headset for a room-scale VR scenario, and it is being developed using the Unity3D game development engine. Each node in the VR space is displayed as a stacked cuboid, the equivalent of a bar chart in a three-dimensional space, summarizing all tweets at one geographic location for a given point in time (see: https://tinyurl.com/nts-vr). Each stacked cuboid represents information of the three most frequently used languages, appropriately color coded, enabling the user to get an overview of the language distribution at each location. The VR prototype further encourages users to move between different locations and inspect points of interest in more detail (overall location-related information, a detailed list of all languages detected, the most frequently used hashtags). An underlying map outlines country borders and facilitates orientation. In addition to spatial movement through the Nordic areas, the VR system provides an interface to explore the Twitter data based on time (days, weeks, months, or time of predefined special events), which enables users to explore data over time (see: https://tinyurl.com/nts-vr-time).

    In addition to demonstrating how the VR methods aid data visualization and exploration, we will also briefly discuss the pedagogical implications of using VR to showcase linguistic diversity.

  • 33.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Aktuell kurslitteratur för högskolan: Från fabler till manga, Lärande genom skönlitteratur och Skönlitteratur för barn och unga2017In: Barnboken, ISSN 0347-772X, E-ISSN 2000-4389, Vol. 40, p. 1-5, article id 836Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Engelsforstrilogin och skönlitteraturens didaktiska potential: Värdegrundsfrågor2017In: Unga läser: Läsning, normer och demokrati / [ed] Åse Hedemark, Maria Karlsson, Örlinge: Gidlunds förlag, 2017, p. 29-50Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Fantasylitterära genredrag och retoriska strategier2018In: Titel ej fastställd / [ed] Anna Arnman, Helene Ehriander, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    Lund University.
    Magiska möjligheter: Harry Potter, Artemis Fowl och Cirkeln i skolans värdegrundsarbete2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fantasy literature has the power to explore the real world in a magical guise. By creating magical realms where reality’s natural laws are challenged, subverted, and ultimately broken, this literary genre can help us to look at our own world in a new light. The thesis examines how the distancing perspective of fantasy literature makes this genre an ideal vehicle for discussing democracy, human rights, and multiculturalism in the classroom. The British Harry Potter series, the Irish Artemis Fowl series, and the Swedish Engelsfors Trilogy are analysed. 

    In the first chapter, the thesis’ theoretical framework is presented. The second chapter, ‘Democracy’, explores two examples of the righteous rebellion of the young in the Harry Potter series and the Engelsfors Trilogy. In both cases, the adolescents rebel in order to defend democratic values and democratic rights, when they are threatened by corrupt adults and institutions. At the same time, the rebellions problematise the distribution of power according to age.

    The third chapter, ‘Human rights’, explores in depth one of the most important genre characteristics of fantasy literature—the existence of magic. Three young fantasy characters’ use of magical powers, for the purpose of challenging the restrictions that intersections impose on them, are investigated and related to questions concerning human rights.

    The fourth chapter, ‘Multiculturalism’, investigates two culture clashes found in fantasy literature: a body switch between five teenage witches in the Engelsfors trilogy, and a confrontation between the human world and the fairy world in the Artemis Fowl series. In both cases, questions are raised about how a confrontation with “the Other” can enrich our lives and help us realise what type of person we want to be. Thus, the possible gains of multiculturalism are highlighted.

    Finally, the fifth chapter, ‘Magical possibilities’, summarises the conclusions of the thesis and suggests some guidelines for how teachers can best work with fantasy literature in the classroom.

  • 37.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    "Nineteen Years Later": Maktrelationen mellan barn och vuxna i Harry Potter-böckerna och Harry Potter and the Cursed Child2017In: HumaNetten, E-ISSN 1403-2279, Vol. 39, p. 53-68Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Ola Wikander2017In: En lundensisk litteraturhistoria: Lunds universitet som litterärt kraftfält / [ed] Katarina Bernhardsson, Göran Bexell, Daniel Möller, Johan Stenström, Göteborg & Stockholm: Makadam Förlag, 2017, p. 451-451Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    Lund University.
    Righteous rebellion in fantasy and science fiction for the young: The Example of Harry Potter2014In: Hype: Bestsellers and Literary Culture / [ed] Jon Helgason, Sara Kärrholm, Ann Steiner, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, p. 109-126Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Walking in Someone Else's Shoes: The Body Switch in the Engelsfors Trilogy2017In: Barnboken, ISSN 0347-772X, E-ISSN 2000-4389, Vol. 40, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the second book in the Swedish fantasy series about the town Engelsfors, Fire (2013), a dysfunctional group of witches is forced to unite and work together in order to hide that they have switched bodies with each other. This version of the body-switching motif is different from the more common body switch between two characters in that five people who are all focalised throughout the experience take part in it. The body switch is closely tied to a learning process about the need for cooperation and understanding for other people’s life situations, which in turn emphasises the different girls’ intersectional power positions (cf. Crenshaw "Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex"). Through the process of walking in someone else’s shoes, the girls get to experience how it feels to watch their own body and life from a distance. Simultaneously, they get to play the part of someone else. As a consequence, they learn about both their own life situation and intersectional power position, and about the girl whose body they temporarily reside in. Thus, the literalisation of the figure of speech “to walk in someone else’s shoes” becomes a learning process. By positioning each individual young woman as the active subject in another girl’s life and the passive object in their own life, the body switch functions as a fantasy literary equivalent to the photograph motif, which according to Roberta Seelinger Trites often is deployed as a vehicle for illuminating how people are simultaneously the subject and the object in their own lives in realistic adolescent literature (123). The article is based on the concept of intersectionality, photograph theory, Mikhail Bakhtin’s carnival theory, and Tzvetan Todorov’s theory on how fantastic literature can turn figures of speech into literalised facts. These theories are all used to investigate how the body switch problematises and changes the witches’ ability to influence their respective life situation.

  • 41.
    Alkestrand, Malin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Film and Literature.
    Owen, Christopher
    Anglia Ruskin Univ, UK.
    A Cognitive Analysis of Characters in Swedish and Anglophone Children's Fantasy Literature2018In: International Research in Children's Literature (IRCL), ISSN 1755-6198, E-ISSN 1755-6201, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 65-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Justice in Young Adult Speculative Fiction, Marek C. Oziewicz argues, 'it is possible to study scripts through the lens of the author's cognition, through the reader's cognition, or as a textual matter with an implied author and reader' (9-10). Here we propose a fourth method for studying scripts in children's literature: as a textual matter. Unlike previous research in the field, we argue that neither the implied author nor the implied or real reader's cognition is necessary for a cognitive analysis to offer insights about a literary text. A cognitive analysis of characters can demonstrate how each character's cognitive embodiment of their intersectional subject position contributes to the progression of a text's plot and themes. By analysing the mimetic, synthetic and thematic dimensions of character (Phelan), we maintain an ontological distinction between humans and characters - a prerequisite for applying cognitive theories to characters. In order to demonstrate the broad applicability of our approach, we analyse the cognitive scripts of the protagonists in two portal-quest fantasies form two different countries. Taliah Pollack's Saga Sward: Omskakare och varldsresenar [Saga Sword: world shaker and traveller] was published in Sweden in 2012; Tahereh Mafi's Furthermore dates from 2016 and was published in the US.

  • 42.
    Alklid, Jonathan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Twitch, a Breath of Fresh Air?: An Analysis of Sexism on Twitch.tv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The issue of sexism is arguably an important topic in modern society in several aspects of life. With the introduction of the Internet and communication over the Internet, additional potential sources of sexism have emerged. While there appears to have been a significant number of studies regarding sexism in cyberspace, Twitch.tv is a relatively new platform and seems yet to be properly explored. Therefore, while being limited in size, the present study aims to provide an introduction to Twitch.tv by performing a limited investigation of the extent of sexist behaviour and ideas expressed by users on the site, particularly against female streamers. To accomplish this, 30,000 lines of chat messages from six different chatrooms, three belonging to women and the remaining three to men, were examined for sexist behaviour, based on a variety of parameters such as differences in language complexity and instances of sexist remarks. The results suggested that several varieties of sexism existed on Twitch, and was directed at both men and women, where women seemed to be more heavily affected than men. The conclusion of the study is that Twitch does not seem to be a breath of fresh air in cyberspace as it appears to embody numerous sexist ideas. However, the author notes that Twitch could serve as a potentially useful source of data for future gender studies online.

  • 43.
    Allen, Christopher
    Univeristy of Birmingham, UK.
    A Local Grammar of Cause and Effect: A Corpus-driven Study2005Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis puts forward a specialized, functional grammar of cause and effect withinthe sub-genre of biomedical research articles. Building on research into the localgrammars of dictionary definitions and evaluation, the thesis describes the applicationof a corpus-driven methodology to description of the principal lexical grammaticalpatterns which underpin causation in scientific writing. The source of data is the 2million-word Halmstad Biomedical Corpus constructed from 589 on-line researcharticles published since 1997. These articles were sampled in accordance with astandard library classification system across the broad spectrum of the biomedicalresearch literature. On the basis of lexical grammatical patterns identified in thecorpus, a total of five functional sub-types of causation are put forward. The localgrammar itself is a description of these sub-types based on the Hallidayian notion ofsystem along the syntagm coupled with the identification of the paradigmatic contentsof these systems as a closed set of 37 semantic categories specific to the biomedicaldomain. A preliminary evaluation of the grammar is then offered in terms of handparsingexperiments using a test corpus. Finally potential NLP applications of thegrammar are described in terms of on-line information extraction, ontology buildingand text summary.

  • 44.
    Allen, Christopher
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Conceptions of Personal Learning Environments Among EFL Teachers at Upper Secondary Level in Sweden2013In: 20 Years of EUROCALL: Learning from thePast, Looking to the Future. Proceedings of the 2013 EUROCALL Conference, Évora, Portugal, 2013, p. 7-13Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, virtual learning environments (VLEs) or course management systems (CMSs) have become commonplace in European higher education as well as making inroads into primary and secondary schools. VLEs such as Moodle, Blackboard and It's Learning offer educational institutions standardized packages in the form of a range of administrative, pedagogical and communicative tools. Teachers of English as a foreign language at secondary and tertiary levels are certainly no exceptions to this trend, employing VLEs as learning platforms to support a variety of ITC-based learning activities and tasks. VLEs have however attracted criticism from some quarters in that they may be seen merely as virtual embodiments of the classroom with all the restrictions which the 'physical' classroom has traditionally entailed (Weller 2007). Furthermore it has been argued that VLEs have failed to embrace the full advantages of Web 2.0 technologies or acknowledge trends towards informal learning afforded by social media etc. The response to this criticism has been the envisioning of Personal Learning Environments or PLEs which utilise the plethora of free, often collaborative online resources and tools now available to learners. This paper explores the conceptualisation of PLEs and their advantages / disadvantages vis-à-vis VLEs among upper secondary school teachers of English in Sweden on the basis of pedagogical principles put forward as part of the Open University's SocialLearn and OpenLearn matrices (Conole 2008). It is suggested that the mapping of the core frameworks of thinking and reflection, experience and activity, conversation and interaction and evidence and demonstration to a set of learning principles can provide the basis for the evaluation of PLEs as envisioned by teachers and learners.

  • 45.
    Allen, Christopher
    Halmstad University ; University of Birmingham, UK.
    From Johnson to Cobuild: Grammar and the New Dictionaries2001In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 2, p. 37-44Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Allen, Christopher
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Marriages of convenience?: Teachers and coursebooks in the digital age2015In: ELT Journal, ISSN 0951-0893, E-ISSN 1477-4526, Vol. 69, no 3, p. 249-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on a survey of Swedish EFL teachers’ attitudes towards,and dependence on, ELT coursebook packages in the light of recent researchinto digital literacy. The results showed that while ICT is making massiveinroads into language classrooms in technologically advantaged countrieslike Sweden, the coursebook package still has its place assured amongtrainee teachers, at least for the immediate future. The current generationof ‘digital native’ pre-service teachers still looks to coursebook packagesto structure lessons during teaching practice and as a means of providingextended reading practice in the L2. Their more experienced in-servicecolleagues are, however, increasingly abandoning the coursebook in favour offreestanding digital resources. Practising teachers in the survey increasinglysaw coursebooks in contingency terms and as a ‘fall-back’ position. Finally,the article considers the desirability of a more fundamental abandonment ofthe coursebook in favour of digital tools and resources in the EFL classroom.

  • 47.
    Allen, Christopher
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    MOOCs as primers in EFL Teacher Training2017In: The Teacher Trainer Journal, ISSN 0951-7626, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 11-13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Allen, Christopher
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Problem, Tasks and Language Teaching2000In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, Vol. 2, p. 25-30Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Allen, Christopher
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Remote tutoring of pre-service EFL teachers using iPads2018In: ELT Journal, ISSN 0951-0893, E-ISSN 1477-4526Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the availability of portable and relatively inexpensive audiovideo recording devices in the form of iPads and other mobile technologies in combination with increasing bandwidth, the remote observation and training of pre-service EFL student teachers without the physical presence of a tutor in the classroom is now a viable proposition. This paper reports on a novel initiative to provide remote feedback to a group of primary EFL pre-service teachers on teaching practice placement in Africa from a tutor based in Sweden via iPad minis and the training institution’s Moodle virtual learning environment. The feedback was assessed in relation to the Cambridge English Teaching Framework. Results suggest that the combination of recorded audiovideo material during the pre-service teachers’ teaching practice and Moodle feedback from the remote tutor can provide a valuable basis for tutorial support, formative assessment, and reflection for student EFL teachers on teaching practice.

  • 50.
    Allen, Christopher
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Social media as an alternative to Moodle in EFL teaching practice forums2015In: Critical CALL – Proceedings of the 2015 EUROCALL Conference, Padova, Italy / [ed] Francesca Helm, Linda Bradley, Marta Guarda, Sylvie Thouësny., Research-publishing.net, 2015, p. 9-15Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the preferences among a group of pre-service English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teacher trainees for social media rather than Moodle, an institutional Virtual Learning Environment (VLE), as a forum for support during a recent five week teaching practice in southern Sweden. The teacher trainees responded to a questionnaire relating to preferences for their own Facebook group as opposed to the Moodle forum set up specifically by the course tutor for the purpose of sharing observations and discussing lesson planning, aspects of reflective practice and resources while on teaching practice. Their reflections shed interesting light on the importance of student EFL teacher ownership and ‘student centricity’ in the learning space. These concepts emerge from a consideration of the learning space at the intersection of pedagogical, technological and content knowledge and the nature of forum discussions when faced with the alternative between social media and institutionalized learning platforms under the direction of teacher trainers and course managers.

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