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  • 1.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Celt and Germans in Iron Age Europe: Imagined Communities and strategies among scholars2015In: Concurrences in postcolonial research - perspectives, methodologies, engagements, 20-23 aug, Kalmar, 2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Lunds Universitet.
    De guldglänsande ryttarna : C-brakteaternas ikonografi i ny belysning2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Förhistoriska bilder som religionsvetenskaplig källa: Några kriterier att beakta vid tolkningar av religionsikonografiskt material2011In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 56, no 2, p. 65-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A challenge when interpreting prehistoric art is that we often lack written source material, a contemporary text written by people who lived in the cultural context that is studied. It is therefore not uncommon to use texts that are younger than the material that we want to interpret. This could lead to misinterpretations and circular arguments. Images are cultural products formed by their contemporaries and influenced by older idea traditions. This article presents four criteria that might be worth taking into consideration when interpreting prehistoric religious iconography. The article discusses how one might proceed to study prehistoric religious art and what could be helpful to keep in mind when analyzing religions by means of pictures and material culture. 

  • 4.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Identitet och verksamhet: Hjulbärande gudinnor och attribut i mellaneuropeisk järnåldersikonografi2015In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 53-76Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses the difference between identifying and classifying attributes and analyzes the problematic implications if we confuse the two. The empirical material consists of Gallic stone reliefs depicting goddesses with a wheel as attribute. Male deities depicted with wheels have mainly been identified as a Celtic Jupiter or a male sky god sometimes called Taranis. The Gallic goddesses show that the wheel attribute was not an identifying attribute exclusive to this god, but that it rather served as a marker for an activity shared by several deities, both male and female. The articles argument that we need to distinguish between identifying and classifying attributes in order to make a source critical and methodological correct iconographical interpretation, especially when we interpret iconographical representation without the aid of any written sources.

  • 5.
    Adetorp, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Names of swords in Icelandic sagas2017In: EASR Annual Conference : Communicating Religion: University of Leuven 18-21 September 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Named weapons of different origin and purpose occur in the Old Norse mythology, and some of them are better known than others: Thor's hammer Mjolnir and Odin's spear Gungnir, just to name a few. But named weapons are also present in the more mundane Icelandic sagas, and it suggests that the practice of giving individual names to objects was something that occurred among real people in the Viking society. The named swords, spears and axes, which we can read about in the Icelandic sagas, are not portrayed as especially supernatural. They are, however, sometimes talked about in a special way and considered to be extraordinary in one way or another.What kind of name did people give to weapons, and what might have been the purposes for doing so? It is possible that some weapons told a story through their names and that they because of that also brought fame and glory to their owners. It is also conceivable, considered how some of the swords and spears are described in the Icelandic sagas, that named weapons were seen as almost life-like. This paper discusses some thoughts regarding named weapons in the sagas, the purposes for giving names, and if this practise might tell us something about how people in the Viking age viewed these named, possibly presumed life-like, objects.

  • 6. Ahmed, Maaheen
    et al.
    Lund, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Apocalypse Why? The Neutralisation of the Antichrist in Three Comics Adaptations2012In: Scan: Journal of Media Arts Culture, E-ISSN 1449-1818, Vol. 9, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Alvunger, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Makten över kyrkan2011In: Folkets kyrka eller en kyrka för folket? Om det ockuperade folkkyrkobegreppet / [ed] Markus Hagberg, Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Ariska idoler: Den indoeuropeiska mytologin som ideologi och vetenskap2000Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By using ancient texts, medieval documents, philological observations, and archaeological artifacts, scholars have reconstructed a prehistorical world and religion. The people who upheld this culture have been named, inter alia, "Indo-Europeans", "Aryans", "Japhetites" and "Wiros". Yet, these people have not left any texts, no artifacts can with certainty be ascribed to them, nor do we know any individual "Indo-European" by name. Despite this, scholars have, with help from daring historical, linguistic and archaeological reconstructions, persistently tried to reach the ancient Indo-Europeans in hopes of finding the foundations for their own culture and religion. The main hypothesis of this thesis is that these pre-historical peoples have not occupied modern man because they were important as historical agents, but because they were, with the words of Claude Lévi-Strauss, "good to think". The interest in "the Indo-Europeans", "the Aryans" and their "Others" — which latter group has at times been described as Jews, Savages, Orientals, Aristocrats, priests, matriarchal farmers, martial pastoralists, French liberals, and/or German nationalists — was (and still is) motivated by a wish to construct alternatives to those identities given by tradition. The study of the Indo-Europeans, their culture and religion, has been a way to produce new concepts, new identities and thus an alternative future. Chapter 1 describes how the concept of an Indo-European entity evolved during the 18th and 19th centuries out of speculations on the identity of different people mentioned in the Bible, out of the discovery of similarities between Indic and European languages, and out of romantic ideas about race and Volk. Chapter 2 deals with the first paradigm in the Indo-European studies, the Nature-Mythological school, and its relationship to Christianity, anti-Semitism and liberal-bourgeois mentality. Chapter 3 discusses the "primitivization" of the "Indo-Europeans" that developt at the end of the 19th century due to nationalism and vitalistic philosophy. Chapter 4 analyses the relationship between the study of Indo-Germanic or Aryan religion in the Third Reich and Nazi ideology. Chapter 5 treats theories that were created as alternative to Nazi scholarship by fascist, Catholic scholars. That chapter also deals with the developments in the study of Indo-European religion and culture during the last half of the 20th century

  • 9.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lund University.
    Aryan Idols: Indo-European mythology as ideology and science2006Book (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    Aryan Mythology as Science and Ideology1999In: Journal of the American Academy of Religion, ISSN 0002-7189, E-ISSN 1477-4585, Vol. 67, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    Berättelsen om arierna2001In: RIT Religionsvetenskaplig InternetTidskrift, no 1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Book review: Wilderness in Mythology and Religion: Approaching Religious Spatialities, Cosmologies, and Ideas of Wild Nature, written by Feldt, Laura2015In: Method & Theory in the Study of Religion, ISSN 0943-3058, E-ISSN 1570-0682, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 293-298Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    Den ariska mytologin som politik och vetenskap1998In: Röster: Religions antropologiska perspektiv / [ed] Catharina Raudvere och Leif Stenberg, Eslöv: B. Östlings bokförl. Symposion , 1998Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Germania: Noen hovedlinjer i forskningen om fortidens germanere2009In: Jakten på Germania: Fra nordensvermeri til SS-arkeologi / [ed] Jorunn Sem Fure och Terje Emberland, Oslo: Humanist , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Greed and the nature of evil: Tolkien versus Wagner2010In: Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, E-ISSN 1703-289X, Vol. 22, no 2, p. Article ID: 7-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scholars studying J.R.R. Tolkien have often chosen to ignore the influence of Richard Wagner on Tolkien’s opus. This article starts out with showing how profound this influence was and continues by analysing Tolkien’s and Wagner’s common interest in the Old Norse Mythology of the Vikings. Examining the recently published The Legend of Sigurd and Gudrún by Tolkien and The Lord of the Rings, the author penetrates and compares the importante themes of greed and evilness in these books and in Wagner’s Der Ring des Nibelungen. The author takes up for discussion the radically different politic views of the two artists and indicates how this is important for their respective view of power and greed.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 16.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    Gud är en pseudonym2004In: Med Gudomlig auktoritet: Om religionens kraft i politiken / [ed] Catharina Raudvere och Olav Hammer, Göteborg: Makadam förlag , 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Humanistisk religionsforskning: En otydlig tradition belyst av "Arbetets riddare"2013In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, Vol. 2, no 60, p. 9-41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The humanistic tradition within the study of regligions has currently lost much of its identity. It could be argued that it is in fact about to be devoured by approaches taken over from the social and antural sciences. By discussing some features that through the last 150 years have been seen as a typical for a humanistic methodology, and a couple of more idiosyncratic features, the author aims to initiate a discussion whether a humanistic study of religion is obsolete, or if it still is something wort preserving and developing. The arguments are supported by examples taken from the 19th century American Christian-socialist fraternity The Noble and Holy Order of the Knights of Labor.

  • 18.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    I skuggan av kors och hakkors: Om Wilhelm Schmidts, Wilhelm Koppers och Marija Gimbutas teorier om ’indogermansk’ religion och kultur2001In: Myter om det nordiska: Mellan romantik och politik / [ed] Anders Andrén, Kristina Jennbert och Catharina Raudvere, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2001Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Moderna myter och revolutionära drömmar: Exemplet Nibelungens ring av Richard Wagner.2009In: Tankar om ursprung: Forntiden och medeltiden i nordisk historieanvändning, Stockholm: Historiska Muséet , 2009, p. 199-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Morgonrodnad: Socialismens stil och mytologi 1871-19142016Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialismen är den ideologiska rörelse som troligen haft snabbast spridning över världen någonsin. Sedan 1800-talets mitt har den satt avtryck inte bara på politikens och det sociala livets domäner, utan även på konst, litteratur, religion och livsåskådning. Många har beskrivit socialismens rationella sidor, men ingen rörelse blir mäktig utan att sätta hjärtan i brand. I Morgonrodnad. Socialismens stil och mytologi 1871–1914 får vi återupptäcka en romantisk och mytisk sida hos socialismen där Jesus är en större hjälte än Marx och strävan efter ”det vackra” är ett argument för det klasslösa samhället. Religionshistorikern Stefan Arvidsson beskriver först socialisternas bruk av myter och historier i konst och propaganda, och fördjupar sig sedan i den kulturella stil som dominerade rörelsen runt förra sekelskiftet. Idealen spåras här till det mäktiga amerikanska ordenssällskapet The Holy and Noble Order of the Knights of Labor. Samtidigt försökte konstnärer i Europa skapa en helt ny socialistisk kultur som skulle förvandla livets alla sysslor till ”skön konst”.

  • 21.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Myths and Utopias, Critics and Caretakers: In Defence of Revisionist History2018In: Irreverence and the Sacred: Critical Studies in the History of Religions / [ed] Hugh B. Urban, Greg Johnson, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018, p. 103-130Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22. Arvidsson, Stefan
    Recensioner av Jacques Derridas & Gianni Vattimos Religionen (Anthropos 2004) och Bruce Lincolns Holy Terrors. Thinking about Religion after september 11 (University of Chicago Press, 2003)2005In: Svensk religionshistorisk årsskrift 2005, Vol. 14, p. 233-236Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Religion and Politics under Capitalism: A Humanistic Approach to the Terminology2019Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book relates some of the major trends within religion and politics to offer a historical framework with which to assess their interactions and a point of departure for studies to come. The study of the interrelationship between contemporary religious practice and modern politics is divided between several scholarly disciplines, all embracing different terminologies as well as multiple theoretical and philosophical premises. Such diversity of perspectives is to be welcomed, but it can inhibit the ability of academics to form a cohesive and coherent dialogue around the subject.

    While critically assessing the historic, sociological, political, theological and anthropological aspects of religion and politics, the book demonstrates the crucial importance of recognising the capitalist economy as the framework for understanding their dynamic relationship. Moreover, it claims that humanism is the proper lens through which to critically engage with religion in society and must be the favoured point of departure for any study within the field.

    This book offers a unique overarching viewpoint for of all these divergent scholarly trends and traditions. As such, it will be of significant use to academics in religious studies, political science, sociology and anthropology.

  • 24.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    Religionsvetenskapens uppdrag2003In: Svensk religionshistorisk årsskrift 2002, Göteborg: Svenska samfundet för religionshistorisk forskning , 2003Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    [review of] Enticed by Eden: how Western culture uses, confuses, (and sometimes abuses) Adam and Eve: by Linda S. Schearing and Valarie H. Ziegler, Waco: Baylor University Press, 2013, xi + 218 pp. ISBN 978-1-602-58543-0, US$24.95 (paperback)2015In: Religion, ISSN 0048-721X, E-ISSN 1096-1151, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 146-149Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    Review of Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, Hitler's Priestess. Savitri Devi, the Hindu-Aryan Myth, and Neo-Nazism2001In: History of Religions, ISSN 0018-2710, E-ISSN 1545-6935, no 4Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    [review of] Peter Staudenmaier. Between Occultism and Nazism: Anthroposophy and the Politics of Race in the Fascist Era. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2014. vii + 412 pp. ISBN:9789004264076. €149.00 / $193.002014In: Correspondences. Online Journal for the Academic Study of Western Esotericism, ISSN 2053-7158, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 219-222Article, book review (Other academic)
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    Staudenmeier
  • 28.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Review of Between History and Myth: Stories of Harald Fairhair and the Founding of the State: by Bruce Lincoln, University of Chicago Press, 2014, x + 285 pp. ISBN 978-0-226-14092-62016In: Religion, ISSN 0048-721X, E-ISSN 1096-1151, Vol. 46, no 2, p. 279-282Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    [review of] Empire of Religion: Imperialism and Comparative Religion by David Chidester: Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014, 377 pp., ISBN 978-0-226-11726-3, $100.00 (cloth); ISBN 978-0-226-11743-0, US $32.50 (paper)2015In: Religion, ISSN 0048-721X, E-ISSN 1096-1151, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 603-606Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences. Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Röd tro: Socialistisk livsåskådning och religion under 200 år2023Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Socialismen är en politisk rörelse av världshistorisk betydelse. Med argument för bättre arbetsvillkor, jämlikhet och rättvisa har den tilltalat folk världen över i tvåhundra år. Men socialismen har också burit med sig nya idéer om konst, kultur och livsföring, drivkrafterna bakom moderna fenomen såsom avantgardistisk konst, folkbildning, fri kärlek, kvinnoemancipation, nudism, reformpedagogik och vetenskapstro. Genom socialismens, socialdemokratins, kommunismens och anarkismens spridning har dessa innovationer revolutionerat livet på hela vår jord.

    Hittills har det saknats ett verk som berättar om de estetiska, etiska och existentiella frågor som har satt socialisternas hjärtan i brand. Om det som har gjort den politiska ideologin till djup övertygelse, till en tro för vilken tusentals människor till och med har offrat sina liv. Men vad för slags tro rör det sig om?

    I Röd tro. Socialistisk kultur och livsåskådning under tvåhundra år kartlägger religionshistorikern Stefan Arvidsson hur både socialister själva och rörelsens belackare och fiender liksom akademiska forskare har förstått relationen mellan de politiska övertygelserna och olika existentiella åskådningar. Efter att ha stiftat bekantskap med sekularismens uppkomst och dem som har menat att politik och livsåskådning är två vitt skilda sfärer, möter vi dem som istället hävdat att modern socialism i grund och botten är politisk kristendom, att den är något slags obskyr alternativreligion eller att den är en helt ny form av religion. Vi möter också dem som tvärtom förkunnat att socialismen måste gå hand i hand med humanistiska och ateistiska övertygelser, liksom dem som har hävdat att den bygger på solid vetenskaplig grund. Sist i boken tar sig författaren an den pockande frågan: Vem har rätt?

  • 31.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    Slita dvärg: Om frånvaron av arbete i Nibelungentraditionen2005In: Hedendomen i historiens spegel: Bilder av det förkristna Norden / [ed] Anders Andrén, Kristina Jennbert och Catharina Raudvere, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Stefan Arvidsson: Politik snarare än religion som lockar unga till IS2015In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 23 decArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lunds universitet.
    Stig Wikander och forskningen om ariska mannaförbund2002In: Chaos: skandinavisk tidsskrift for religionshistoriske studier, ISSN 0108-4453, E-ISSN 1901-9106, no 38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Susannah Heschel, The Aryan Jesus: Christian Theologians and the Bible in Nazi Germany2010In: Journal of Religion in Europe (BRILL), ISSN 1874-8910, Vol. 3, p. 183-196Article, book review (Other academic)
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    FULLTEXT01
  • 35.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    The Style and mythology of socialism: Socialist idealism, 1871-19142017Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Arguably no modern ideology has diffused as fast as socialism. From the mid-nineteenth century to the last quarter of the twentieth, socialist ideals played a crucial part not only in the political sphere, but also influenced the way people worked and played, thought and felt, designed and decorated, hoped and yearned. By proposing general observations on the relationship between socialism, imagination, myth and utopia, as well as bringing the late nineteenth century socialist culture – a culture imbued with Biblical narratives, Christian symbols, classic mythology, rituals from freemasonry, Viking romanticism, and utopian speculations – together under the novel term ‘socialist idealism’, The Style and Mythology of Socialism: Socialist Idealism, 1871–1914 draws attention to the symbolic, artistic and rhetorical ways that socialism originally set the hearts of people on fire.

  • 36.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Lund University.
    Världens bästa myter och sagor: En begreppshistoria1998In: Res publica (Goteborg), ISSN 0282-6062, no 40Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Världsträdets metamorfoser i socialistisk, utopisk kosmologi2019In: Tidens landskap: en vänbok till Anders Andrén / [ed] Cecilia Ljung, Anna Andreasson Sjögren, Ingrid Berg, Elin Engström, Ann-Mari Hållans Stenholm, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2019, p. 289-290Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 38. Arvidsson, Stefan
    Återbruket av den fornnordiska mytologin i vår samtid: The Reuse of Norse mythology in our times — Myth and Modernity2006In: Odens öga: Mellan makter och människor i det förkristna Norden, Helsinborg: Dunkers kulturhus , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Beneš, Jakub
    University of Birmingham, UK.
    Kirsch, Anja
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Introduction: Socialist imaginations2018In: Socialist Imaginations: Utopias, Myths, and the Masses / [ed] Stefan Arvidsson, Jakub Beneš, Anja Kirsch, Abingdon & New York, NY: Routledge, 2018, p. 1-18Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Arvidsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Beneš, JakubUniversity of Birmingham, UK.Kirsch, AnjaUniversity of Basel, Switzerland.
    Socialist Imaginations: Utopias, Myths, and the Masses2018Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Batto, Yann
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Languages.
    Des pieds de la croix à l’art total: Etude des représentations de l’Eglise et de l’art sacré à travers l’ekphrasis huysmansienne2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The term "ekphrasis" is indisputably problematic. In fact, depending on which definition one might use ekphrastic processes can either be broad, that is extended to any type of description as it was taught in rhetoric treaties during antiquity, or according to its modern definition circumcised to literary representations of works of art. Since ekphraseis are a key feature of Huysmans's work, this study strives to explore their scope through describing the sacred art in the so-called "catholic novels" Huysmans wrote after his religious conversion and the Church's representation that stems from them. This study focuses on two forms of religious art: the plainchant and the architecture. Based on a broad theoretical frame ranging from ekphrasis and hypotyposis figures of speech to intermediality, the study shows that the medieval Church is considered as quintessentially a pluri-medial entity or as Wolf puts it, a "syncretistic medium". Thus, it seems possible to establish a connection between this image of an ideal Church and the notion of Gesamtkunstwerk. Last but not least, this depiction which arises from Huysmans's work sheds light on a broader societal phenomenon that occurred in the transitional period which was the late 19th century, namely a strong interest in medievalism.

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    YB-MasterThesis
  • 42. Carlé, Birte
    et al.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Danemark - Suède - Finlande1996In: Hagiographies: histoire internationale de la littérature hagiographique latine et vernaculaire en Occident des origines à 1550. Vol. 2 / [ed] Guy Philippart, Turnhout: Brepols, 1996, p. 501-545Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    de Millo, Cole
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Gaze not upon the *: Paganism and history use within digital games2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis goal is to explore how paganism has expressed itself within the world of digitalgames through three different examples. It builds onto already existing research around videogames and history use as well as my own term paper that touched upon this subject. This thesis willbe done using academic literature concerning digital games, history use and paganism from Russiaas well as Japan.

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    fulltext
  • 44.
    Ellis Nilsson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Forming and Fashioning Early Scandinavian Sanctity: Liturgy and its narrative context2019In: Heiligkeiten: Konstruktionen, Funtionen und Transfer von Heiligkeitskonzepten im europäischen Früh- und Hochmittelalter / [ed] Andreas Bihrer, Fiona Fritz, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2019, p. 73-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how local saints were constructed in early medieval Scandinavia. Focussing on the eleventh to the thirteenth centuries, it specifically considers how four female saints fit into the new narratives which were created in the process of the Christianization of Scandinavian society. What made female Scandinavian saints unjque? How did they fit into the larger, over-arching Christian narrative? By studying the composition of new, unique liturgical texts, this study suggests that mythopoetic moments can instead be seen as movements. The textual co=unjties which authored these texts and their interconnectivity are thus related to the active and permanent establishment of emerging cults.

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  • 45.
    Ellis Nilsson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Fragments of a Year: Saints’ Feasts in Swedish and Finnish Medieval Calendars (Part I)2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 46.
    Ellis Nilsson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    'Not all those who wander are lost': Saintly Travellers and their Companions in medieval Scandinavia2019In: Travel, Pilgrimage and Social Interaction from Antiquity to the Middle Ages / [ed] Jenni Kuuliala, Jussi Rantala, London: Routledge, 2019, p. 226-247Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores perceptions of historical saintly travel and discusses whether travelling was to convey a precise ideology or to provide an interpretation of a historical situation, highlighting social and communal aspects of travel. It focuses on the groups of saints in terms of their being members of the laity or missionaries, these aspects were shown to have had a bearing only on the type of journey the saint undertook. The chapter aims to explore perceptions of travel in the past and its association with holiness by studying accounts of travel in the hagiographical texts that were composed for a selection of Danish and Swedish saints. Studying sources written for the cults of early local saints in Scandinavia can provide insights into previously neglected aspects of medieval history in the area. Several of the local Scandinavian lay saints are described as having undertaken important journeys during their lifetimes.

  • 47.
    Ellis Nilsson, Sara
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Promoting or Rejecting the Saints: The Representation of Non-Saintly Bishops in medieval Scandinavian Hagiography2020In: Episcopal Power and Personality in Medieval Europe, 900-1480 / [ed] Peter Coss, Chris Dennis, Melissa Julian-Jones, Angelo Silvestri, Turnhout: Brepols, 2020, p. 181-199Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Engvall, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    “Whatever he discovers in creatures he guides to the Creator”: En studie om hur vi kan förstå St. Franciskus som miljömedveten, A study of how we can understand St. Francis as being environmentally conscious2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated how we can understand St. Francis as environmentally conscious. The study also presents where those elements can be found in St. Francis own documents and from documents that describe St. Francis. The study also investigate what factors in 13th-century European society might have influenced such ideas.

    St. Francis of Assisi had a reverent attitude towards all animals and plants. He helped and took care of animals that were weak and vulnerable. He did this because he believed by doing so, they would praise the Lord. He considered some creatures more important than others because they reminded him of the Lord, for example the lamb. He thought long-term, instructing his brothers that they should not cut down a whole tree so that the tree could sprout again. He was environmentally conscious, even though this was because of God and not because he had actual concern for animals and plants themselves. He might have been conscious about the environment because of all the wars that destroyed fields. It might also have been because of the general exploitation of the forest, or a reaction against the Cathars and their negative thoughts about the material world.

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  • 49.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Den missförstådda avlaten2015In: Religionsdidaktiska studier / [ed] Torsten Löfstedt, Växjö: Linnaeus University Press, 2015, p. 75-87Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Indulgence – a frequently misunderstood phenomenon in the medieval Church.

    This paper has a didactic purpose. An often heard misconception concerning the medieval Catholic Church is that forgiving of sins could be bought for money. This opinion is the result of misconceptions of the phenomenon of indulgence. In the paper, indulgence is discussed and explained in the context of the sacrament of Penance. Examples are cited from late medieval Scandinavia. The focus is on practice, while theological and judicial aspects are dealt with cursorily. Martin Luther’s critical discussion of indulgence in his 95 theses from 1517 exemplifies the critique directed towards the late medieval sale of indulgence. Finally, some modern Swedish schoolbooks in Religion and History are examined in order to see if misconceptions of medieval indulgence are still in vigour.

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    fulltext
  • 50.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Katarina Ulfsdotter (Katarina av Vadstena): 1331 — 1381-03-24. Saint, abbey founder, abbess2020In: Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon, University of Gothenburg, 2020Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A short biography of Katarina Ulfsdotter (Catherine of Vadstena), daughter of St Birgitta of Sweden, co-founder of Vadstena Abbey, and a saint of the Catholic Church. Katarina was born in c. 1331. She passed half of her life in Rome, as assistant to her mother as long as she lived, and thereafter to fulfil her work. She also actively furthered the interests of the Swedish Church province in Rome.Katarina succeeded in gaining the trust of the people with which she interacted, including the Pope and the curia, and heads of state like Queen Joanna of Naples. She was also a keen organizer of the monastery in Vadstena that had been founded according to the instructions of St Birgitta. She passed away on March 24, 1381, already with a reputation for sanctity. A biography was written, miracles were reported, and in the 1470s, a process of canonization was undertaken.

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