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  • 1.
    Ackrell, Simon
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Landelius, Mathias
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Molnbaserade affärssystem: Viktiga aspekter vid övergång till molnet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det saknades teori kring vilka aspekter som var viktiga för potentiella kunder att väga in i ett beslut om övergång till molnbaserade affärssystem. I undersökningen har vi samlat tidigare forskning kring molntjänster generellt och sedan jämfört den med empiri från respondenter med erfarenhet av molnbaserade affärssystem. På så sätt har vi försökt koppla tidigare forskning och undersökt huruvida den är applicerbar på vår studie. Vi kom fram till att det framförallt är aspekter rörande säkerhet, ekonomi och affärsstrategi som kunder bör vara medvetna om när de planerar en övergång till molnbaserade affärssystem. Rörande säkerhet fann vi att det är viktigt att tänka på hur den fysiska lagringen sker och säkerhetsrutiner kring vem som handhar data och hur den säkerhetskopieras samt vem som äger datan. Ekonomiskt kan beslutet om en övergång påverkas av molntjänsters olika prismodeller, hur kostnader skiljer sig mot lokalt installerade system samt potentiellt dolda kostnader. Slutligen kan det affärsstrategiskt finnas avgörande aspekter i hur system interagerar med varandra, hur anpassad en tjänst är till mobila enheter samt att molntjänster enkelt kan skalas upp i storlek vid behov.

  • 2.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Flexible Self-Care Solution Portfolio: Adaptive Support for Patient Centered Heart Failure Care2016In: International conference on enterprise information systems/International conference on project management/International conference on health and social care information systems and technologies, CENTERIS/ProjMAN / HCist 2016 / [ed] Varajao, JEQ; CruzCunha, MM; Martinho, R; Rijo, R; BjornAndersen, N; Turner, R; Alves, D, Elsevier, 2016, 215-220 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development of support systems in the area of e-health have different set of conditions that makes it more difficult than in other context of IS/IT use. In this research we explore a development case and look at the development process and the outcomes in terms of solutions. The research concerns the area of heart failure and how patients could be more successful with self-care. The outcome from the project was the creation of a portfolio of solutions, which was a combination of technical and process solutions. The outcome draws the attention to the need of flexible solutions and cater to the diversity of the patients and their personal situations. In the concluding discussion a set of design dimensions are presenting, representing difficult trade-offs that needs to be handled during the design process. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 3.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    UNDERSTANDING USER LEARNING IN ITS DEVELOPMENT: APPLICATION OF ILLERIS’S LEARNING MODEL2017In: IADIS International Conference Information Systems 2017 / [ed] Miguel Baptista Nunes, Pedro Isaías and Philip Powell, IADIS Press, 2017, 77-84 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates a learning model for its capabilities to improve the understanding of user learning during information systems design (ISD). We wish to explore the role of the ISD process as a learning process. Today, organizational design and development increasingly circulate around notions like ?organizational learning” and ?organizational knowledge creation” or is, in the general direction of organization, in a constant process of change. An information system could be the driver for new organizational routines or new produces, or the necessary component for realizing a new business strategy. The possible role of the information system might then be as a force for change or an obstacle, by the way it is used during its life time. Here we look at the development of the systems and how this process must reflect a high level of adaptation, learning and change in the user community. To add to the knowledge of ISD as a learning system we read a co-design-driven ISD case through the theory lens of Illeris (2007). We discuss the possibilities of designing an ISD process based on this learning theory and of creating users as well as an information system.

  • 4.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Sterner, Håkan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    A Framework for Strategic Balancing of Knowledge Management Initiatives2003In: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2003 / [ed] Ralph Sprague, IEEE Press, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises need to understand the impact of different types of knowledge management (KM) approaches on business strategy, and how they interact with other types of initiatives to produce synergistic effects. The hypothesis of this paper is that a model based on the balanced scorecard approach (BSC) can be used to balance the diverse set of KM approaches that are described in the KM literature. A literature study has been carried out connecting general examples of BSC objectives to KM approaches and applications. The resulting framework indicates that each of the major aspects of KM has its place in the BSC model, and thus has a role in the success of the company from a strategic viewpoint. A KM strategy according to this perspective should articulate how a company intends to strike a balance between different KM approaches. Contributions of the framework to related theory are discussed and illustrated by using a rich case from literature.

  • 5.
    Allagiannis, Ioannis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    EDI AND GREEK SMES. A MULTIPLE CASE STUDY IN THE CONTEXT OF TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT AND ORGANIZATION.2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) holds the potential to improve contemporary business operations, which are redefined frequently based on the demands of global competition. There are numerous EDI systems, which an enterprise can choose to adopt in order to meet its needs and goals. International literature demonstrates a variation of views regarding the adoption of new technologies, which differ according the size of each organization along with internal and external impediments and determinants. The use of EDI worldwide has gained a positive acceptance by commercial companies, industries and service providers, followed by rapid adoption mainly in the processes of large organizations. Conversely, the predictions of previous years’ studies have not been materialized to the expected extent. In Greece in particular, there is low penetration and a reluctance to adopt EDI technologies by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). This study is based on the theoretical framework of Technology, Organization and Environment (TOE). A qualitative multiple case study research design has been used, in order to provide further insights on the factors that affect the decision of Greek SMEs in adopting EDI technologies. The significance of the perceived direct and indirect benefits, the effects of the perceived financial cost and technical competence and the importance of industry and government pressure on corporate level, are analyzed and discussed. An empirical support of the low penetration of EDI in the Greek SMEs' community is also provided. This research contributes in the existing knowledge about EDI adoption decisions regarding Greek SMEs by providing a variation of views, further insights on how Greek SMEs behave and react during the current economic recession and a new cost factor that emerged within the analysis of multiple cases. Avenues for future research are recommended in order to expand this study's findings in the field of corporate IT innovation.

  • 6.
    Amirjani, Mehrnaz
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Tailoring Large Interactive Public Displays For University Students2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Varför Web 2.0?: Modell för praktisk utveckling av organisationers kommunikation, nätverkande och samarbete2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Utvecklingen av webben har sedan den skapades 1989 gått från att bestå av statiska webbsidor till att bli mer interagerande med dess användare. Denna utveckling, som kallas Web 2.0, har på ett naturligt sätt letat sig in i företagssammanhang.

    Denna studie började ursprungligen som ett uppdrag åt myndigheten Trafikverket. Studiens syfte har varit att på ett praktiskt sätt undersöka möjligheterna att utveckla organisationers inom- och interorganisatoriska kommunikation, nätverkande och samarbete med hjälp av Web 2.0- tekniker. Vi beslutade oss för att skapa en tentativ modell för hur organisationer kan gå till väga för att utveckla dessa områden och testa denna mot fallmyndigheten.

    Cook (2008) har skapat en kategoriseringsmodell för Web 2.0-verktyg som han kallar för 4C-modellen. Modellen utgår ifrån de användningsområden verktygen har.

    För att genomföra denna studie har vi använt oss av en deduktiv ansats med en kvalitativ metod. Vi utgick från Cooks (2008) 4C-modell och genom en iterativ process där vi blandade teori med intervjuer utökades modellens praktiska tillämpbarhet.

    Modellen består av en övergripande beskrivning av organisationen, djupdykning i områdena kommunikation, nätverkande och samarbete. Därefter består modellen av en kartläggning av Web 2.0-verktyg samt en SWOT-analys för att sedan rundas av med en slutsats.

    Modellen tillämpades på verksamhetsområdena Investering och Stora projekt på Trafikverket. Resultatet från tillämpningen visade att användandet av Web 2.0-verktyg skulle kunna underlätta introduktion av nyanställda, öka möjligheterna för formellt och informellt samarbete samt förbättrad kunskapshantering. Möjligheterna för organisationer att använda Web 2.0-verktyg underlättas av det faktum att det finns produkter på marknaden som innehåller flera Web 2.0 funktioner, exempelvis Microsoft Sharepoint. 

  • 8.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    The INNOVAGE-Eurocarers platform and current ICT-based services for informal carers of older people in Sweden2015In: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, no 1, 88-88 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Different support services for family carers are available in Sweden through information and communication technologies (ICTs) since late 1990s, like ACTION, My Joice, IPPI, ‘The Gap’, and Carer Sweden’s online ‘Carer’s Book’. The INNOVAGE-Eurocarers platform aimed to complement the offer of web services to carers through the provision of a new tailored package.

    Methods: The Swedish pilot test enrolled around 50 carers through contacts with professionals working with carers in different municipalities. They could access the following web-based services: information resources; individual support via e-mail and private messages; group support via social network and forum. Periodical writing activities were asked to active users in the forum, alternating expressive writing (EW) and time management (TM) writing tasks. Periodical reminders were sent in order to increase user involvement.

    Results: Users were predominantly older, female carers, of which two thirds were over 65 years old. The web platform was perceived as a flexible tool, potentially accessible at any time, which gave users the possibility to exploit their experience as carers with others in similar situations. This peer exchange seemed to improve self empowerment, sense of solidarity and mutual learning. However, usage of the web platform was limited due to the low level of digital skills of some carers.

    Conclusions: Although results confirmed usefulness and appropriateness of implemented web services, it is fundamental to address the issue of usability and accessibility in order to ensure a wider accessibility. An option might be to offer initial digital skill training and continuous technical support for computer novices.

  • 9.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Aidemark, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Gäre, Klas
    Jönköpings university, Sweden.
    Establishing new consulting services in health care organizations: an ANT analysis of patient-centred care2013In: ACIS 2013: Information systems: Transforming the Future: Proceedings of the 24th Australasian Conference on InformationSystems, 4-6 December 2013, Melbourne, RMIT University , 2013, 1-12 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A recent trend in health care is patient-centred health, but are health care organizations ready to cope with that change? Changes at the patient level are one aspect but there is a need for reshaping the organization of health care. There is a need to focus much more on prevention care, helping patients to cope and become better self-managers, focusing on the patient process, working together and empowering patients. The aim of this paper is to gain a better understanding of the lack of sustainability over time in two patient-centred care (PCC) projects by using actor network theory (ANT) as an analytical framework. We use case studies from heart fibrillation and heart failure care organizations in a Swedish county council. The cases concern initiatives to achieve better interactions for these patients and organize care to become more patient-centred. Both initiatives have now been partly abandoned in the organization, although research and guidelines recommend such care organizations. The analysis of the different actors dominating the translation process towards a PCC network and of the way they get together in networks reveals that this is a time-consuming process, taking place long after the initial training and PCC implementation activities. We discuss the temporality of stability, the reversible process with chimerical enrolments, and how a complex and changing environment demands constant re-problematization of PCC.  We also include how the understanding of the translation and negotiation process can influence decisions on allocating sufficient time and resources to the process. We shed light on the importance of understanding and managing the organizational change in a PCC project and thus also of when to implement patient-centred e-health solutions.

  • 10.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Mathematics and Systems Engineering.
    Gäre, Klas
    Linköpings universitet.
    Informationssystem i hälso- och sjukvård: användning och införande i mikrosystem2009In: Temperaturen på affärssystem i Sverige / [ed] Hedman, J. Nilsson, F. Westelius, A., Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1, 217-246 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköpings universitet.
    Five Roles of an Information System: A Social Constructionist Approach to Analysing the Use of ERP Systems2003In: Informing Science, ISSN 1547-9684, E-ISSN 1521-4672, Vol. 6, 209-220 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel way of thinking about how information systems are used in organisations.Traditionally, computerised information systems are viewed as objects. In contrast, by viewing the informationsystem as an actor, the understanding of the structuration process increases. The user, beinginfluenced by the ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system and giving it an actor role, thereby alsoconfers agency on the ERP system; through its very use it influences actions and thus also the structure.Based on a case study of ERP use in an ABB company over a decade, five different roles played by theERP systems were identified. The ERP systems acted as Bureaucrat, Manipulator, Administrative assistant,Consultant or were dismissed (Dismissed) in the sense that intended users chose to avoid usingthem. These terms are defined in the full text.The purpose of this approach here is not to “animate” the information systems, to give them life or amind of their own, but rather to make explicit the socially constructed roles conferred on them by usersand others who are affected by them. On this basis, it is possible to suggest how the roles can help usopen up new areas of exploration concerning the fruitful use of IT.

  • 12.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköpings universitet.
    Reactions to the role of IT in organising2001Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Axelsson, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Axeldahl, Monica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Internkommunikation vid förändringsarbete: En djupstudie av ett enskilt fall2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den problemformulering som denna uppsats har besvarat har varit hur kommunikations-strategin i ett specifikt förändringsarbete kan beskrivas, samt vilka jämförelser som kan gö-ras mellan kommunikationsstrategin och det teoretiska ramverket. Undersökningen i upp-satsen har baserats på en abduktiv ansats med i huvudsak deduktiv inriktning där kvalitativ och kvantitativ data samlats in från de som varit drivande av förändringen, samt de som varit föremål för förändringen. Datan har analyserats utifrån det teoretiska ramverk som varit unikt för undersökningen. De slutsatser som har dragits visar att kommunikationsstra-tegin varit något reaktiv och anpassats efter de individer som varit föremål för förändringen. Jämförelser med det teoretiska ramverket har visat att kommunikation till största del skett genom direkta samtal, i mötesform, att kommunikation använts som ett sätt att förbereda för förändring, samt att möten använts för att kommunicera de rutiner förändringen inneburit.

  • 14.
    Balan, Khalil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    User perspective of privacy and surveillance on social networks2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Social networks have integrated into people’s daily lives and they became a powerful medium for effective marketing and communication worldwide. Problem raise when governments and special agencies violate users’ information privacy under the pretext of protecting national security or something as, furthermore, when information became the source of income for social networks it became necessary to investigate users concerns about informational privacy on social platforms, if there are. The main purpose of the thesis is to understand what level of privacy awareness users on social networks have and how much relevant knowledge about surveillance on social networks they recognize. Moreover, the thesis aims to present users’ opinion about surveillance on Facebook and if they accept to be surveyed in certain scenarios. As results, the study has identified ambiguity in Facebook terms and data policy, while there has been clarity that Facebook applies massive surveillance in terms of data collection on all users on the network. 71% of the participants had concerns about their privacy on social networks, two-thirds of the participants didn’t read Facebook terms and 76% did believe that social networks sell users information for own benefits. The majority of the interview participants showed lack of knowledge about data collection on social networks, and didn’t know if governments do surveillance on social platforms or not. However, 37% of the survey participants claimed that they have nothing to hide and governments can look into their activities online, and almost similar percentage supported such an action. Further, most of the interview participants protect their informational privacy on social networks by having good privacy settings, controlling who have access to certain posts or managing friends list. However, 1/3 of the participants who had good privacy settings didn’t know all their friends on FB. Through personal observations on data analysis and literature review, I concluded the thesis with some suggestions of possible approaches to enhance information privacy, these recommendations present my own thoughts and weren’t derived in academic way rather personal notes during the thesis study.

  • 15.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Masera, Filippo
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Bonfranceschi, Franco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Rimland, Joseph M.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Bartulewicz, Kristian
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Rossi, Lorena
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lattanzio, Fabrizia
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Experimentation of an integrated system of services and AAL solutions for Alzheimer’s Disease patients and their caregivers in Marche: The UP-TECH project2014In: Ambient Assisted Living: Italian Forum 2013 / [ed] Sauro Longhi, Pietro Siciliano, Michele Germani, Andrea Monteriù, New York: Springer, 2014, 157-165 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Poli, Arianna
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Andréasson, Frida
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Salzmann, Benjamin
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Döhner, Hanneli
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Goodwin, Frank
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    A multilingual web platform supporting informal carers in 27 EU member states2015In: Broader, bigger, better: AAL solutions for Europe. Proceedings of the 6th AAL Forum 2014 / [ed] Adrian Curaj & Ioana Trif, Bucharest: UEFISCDI , 2015, 169-172 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Informal care is a hot topic in research and policy agendas at European and national level, since it greatly contributes to the sustainability and efficiency of national health care systems. A specific intervention – part of the wider INNOVAGE project funded by FP7 – was planned for developing and testing a new multilingual web platform for informal carers of dependent older people in the EU-27. Preliminary results of the pilot study, conducted in Italy, Germany and Sweden will be discussed. The final platform will be accessible in all official languages of the EU-27 and publicly available in spring 2015.

  • 17.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Andréasson, Frida
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Poli, Arianna
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Salzmann, Benjamin
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    How web-based services can support family carers of older people: New ways to promote social inclusion and quality of life2015In: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, no 1, 87-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Family carers can be negatively influenced by their situation, in terms of stress, social isolation, economic constraints and other difficulties. Web-based services addressing carers’ needs represent an efficient support. The goal of the INNOVAGE work package 3(WP3) study was to develop and test a new multilingual web platform for supporting family carers of older people, to be implemented in 27 European countries.

    Methods: A review of good practices and a consultation with stakeholders were conducted for identifying most appropriate types of services to be developed and tested. The prototype of web platform included information resources and interactive services for both peer and professional support. A convenient, overall sample of around 130 family carers was enrolled in three countries (Italy, Germany and Sweden) and could access services for 12-17 weeks. Data were collected through questionnaires and focus groups concerning impact onquality of life, social support, self-perception of carer’s role, as well as usability, usefulness and appropriateness of services.

    Results: Active users were generally satisfied with support (information, advice, counselling) provided by moderators (social workers or psychologists) and peers. Usability and appropriateness were confirmed, although some refinements were suggested and users with low digital skills often needed technical support. A portion of the sample remained inactive even if stimulation strategies were adopted.

    Conclusions: The pilot study confirmed the INNOVAGE Eurocarers web platform is a useful tool for family carers. Some challenges still exist for implementation in relation to digital skills required and users’ preferences on services at country level.

  • 18.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Quattrini, Sabrina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Using eHealth to improve integrated care for older people with multimorbidity: Francesco Barbabella2015In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, no Supplement 3, 48-48 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Issue

    The exploitation of eHealth tools in integrated care practices addressing multimorbidity might be a strong driver for facilitating access to the services provided to people with multiple chronic diseases. This is particularly true in the case of older people living in the community, since eHealth could enhance and reinforce care services at home, improving independent living and security of patients.

    Description of the problem

    One of the ICARE4EU project aims, was to explore whether and which kind of eHealth tools are implemented in integrated care practices for older people with multimorbidity across Europe. In fact, eHealth tools could differ widely across practices, requiring specific know-how by users and health professionals for using and maintaining technology-based solutions, adequate financial resources, compatible organisational and cultural environment with innovations.

    Results

    The ICARE4EU project selected 101 integrated care practices in 24 European countries, of which 85 included the provision of at least one eHealth tool. Out of 50 practices addressing needs of older people, 42 included some eHealth solution aimed at: enhancing digital communication (64%); monitoring care processes (58%); providing decision support systems (60%); supporting patients' self-management (32%). Two promising approaches exploiting eHealth are presented in detail: the ‘TeleRehabilitation project: Post ICU patient telerehabilitation services' at the Nicosia General Hospital and the ‘Strategy for chronic care' by the Regional Department of Health in Valencia.

    Lessons

    The use of eHealth seems to have many benefits in terms of improvement of integration and management of care, as well as quality of care. However, to realize this benefits, it is important to arrange adequate technical support, legislative frameworks and training of users and health professionals.

  • 19.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Quattrini, Sabrina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lattanzio, Fabrizia
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Caring For People With Multiple Chronic Conditions In Italy: Policy And Practices2015In: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, no 1, 71-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An estimated 50 million people in the European Union live with multiple chronic diseases. In Italy, around 26.6% of the population aged 16 to 64 years, reported to have at least one long-standing illness or health problem in 2011. Moreover, around 46% of the population over 50 is suffering from multimorbidity. Some programmes addressing adult or older people with multimorbidity have been introduced.

    Methods: Data for the ICARE4EU study were collected in the first half of 2014. Eligible programmes focussed on providing care for adult people with two or more medically diagnosed chronic or long lasting diseases (at least onesomatic), involved formalised cooperation between two or more services (at least one medical) and evaluation was available. For each programme an on-line questionnaire was completed and included four main subjects: Patientcentredness, Management, Use of E-health technologies, and Financing systems.

    Results: In Italy, four programmes met the inclusion criteria. They address both daily patient care and policy/managerial levels. Integration of care services, improved collaboration between care providers, changes in resource utilisation and involvement of informal carers have been observed. In two programmes, older patients are addressed as specific subgroup and in two cases animprovement in the use of E-health tools has emerged.

    Conclusions: In Italy, new policies and integrated care programmes addressing multimorbidity have been recently introduced in some areas, with good preliminary results.

  • 20.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Schmidt, Andrea
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    A theoretical framework for assessing the impact of ICT-based interventions for carers2012In: Gerontechnology, ISSN 1569-1101, E-ISSN 1569-111X, Vol. 11, no 2, 393-393 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Initiatives using information and communication technologies (ICTs) as support for carers of dependent older people are reported since the early 1990s, mainly in form of phone services, computer networks, and video respite. Although the role of ICTs in home care gained increasing relevance in the last decades – for instance in the areas of social integration, care coordination and ambient assisted living (AAL) – few attempts have been made to systematically understand the potentialities of such technologies, overcoming single technology or intervention domains. In this respect, the issues of terminology ambiguity and lack of comparability represented major barriers, so that most of evaluation studies in this area led to mixed and/or inconclusive results. Drawing on the findings of the CARICT-project, this paper discusses the development of a theoretical and conceptual framework to assess the impact ofI CT-based interventions for carers. Method Literature review and a mapping exercise of 52 ICT-based initiatives for carers in 8 countries. Results & Discussion We will provide the results of a mapping exercise of 52 case studies, showing the diversity of existing good practices across Europe and carrying out a review of available impact assessment of these initiatives from a social ecological perspective (at micro-, meso- and macro-level). Subsewquently, we will discuss a theoretical and conceptual framework that is built on the basis of available evidence, leading toa proper classification of ICT-based interventions in relation to types of interactions between actors they support: an attempt is made to group the solutions in coherent and comprehensive classes, with related implications for impact assessments and comparative analysis. Main classes include: alarms, home automation, auto-communication, meta-services, information and training, cognitive stimulations and mental exercises, support group sessions, individual care and support services, and social participation tools. Finally, recommendations for future research in the field are formulated with regard to the assessment and comparability of these services, as well as to the testing and development of new solutions.

  • 21.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Schmidt, Andrea
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Impact of ICT-based interventions on family caregivers: A cross-analysis of 54 good practices in Europe2013In: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, no Supplement, June/July, S447-S447 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have gained an increasing relevance for delivering innovative care and support services for dependent older people and their family caregivers. Although ICT-based interventions can vary remarkably in terms of functions, target users, operational aspects and technologies used, little knowledge is available concerning their implementationand impact in Europe, a gap that the CARICT project (http://is.jrc.es/pages/EAP/eInclusion/carers.html) has tried to fill.

    Method: 54 ICT-based interventions addressing needs of older peopleor their family caregivers have been identified in 12 European countries through internet search, literature review and expert interviews. Reports have been delivered for each case studied, and cross-analysed to better understand their potential impact at micro, meso and macro level.

    Results: Little evidence was found for positive outcomes at micro-level, including improvements in users’ health relatedquality of life and social inclusion. At meso-level, implementation of 1st/2nd generation telecare contributes to reduce hospitalization and institutionalization rates of older users, as well asto cost savings for local care providers. At macro-level, only one intervention shows concrete effects on a larger scale through a targeted program evaluation, while most ICT-based interventions do not useany tool to assess their impact, and can thus demonstrate only technology acceptance or users’ satisfaction.

    Conclusion: The lack of relevant evidence at all levels, as well as difficulties in comparing and generalising results, strongly urge practitioners to improve impact assessment methodologies and researchers to develop a better general framework of ICT potentials at a conceptual, theoretical and methodological level in this area.

  • 22.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Schmidt, Andrea
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Lamontagne-Godwin, Frédérique
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Rodrigues, Ricardo
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Ruppe, George
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Assessing the Impact of ICT-based Solutions for Carers in Europe: Preliminary Findings from the CARICT Project2012In: Conference “Challenge Social Innovation: Innovating innovation by research – 100 years after Schumpeter”, ZSI , 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Some evidence suggests that information and communication technologies (ICT) can be an efficient mean to improve not only the quality of care provided to dependent older people but also the support for informal carers and privately employed care workers. However, there is a lack of research on ICT-based initiatives and their impact on carers in the European context. Moving from the preliminary findings of the CARICTproject, the paper discusses the first attempt that has been made in Europe to assess the impact of ICTbased initiatives for carers. First, an overview of the developed methodological framework is presented: it includes both a conceptual framework and an impact assessment methodology (IAM) for evaluating multidimensional outcome. Furthermore, an overview of ICT-based solutions in Europe is provided through the analysis of 52 operational initiatives and selected as good practices. Finally, some recommendations and guidelines for further research in the field are discussed.

  • 23.
    Berger, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Zia, Robin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Scrum & kvalitetssäkring: En jämförelse mellan teori och praktik2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Bevilacqua, Roberta
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Felici, Elisa
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Stara, Vera
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Rossi, Lorena
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Towards an impact assessment framework for ICT-based systems supporting older people: Making evaluation comprehensive through appropriate concepts and metrics2014In: Ambient Assisted Living: Italian Forum 2013 / [ed] Sauro Longhi, Pietro Siciliano, Michele Germani, Andrea Monteriù, New York: Springer, 2014, 215-222 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Brandt, Patrik
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Communication and Design.
    Révay, Peter
    University of Kalmar, School of Communication and Design.
    Wennberg, Louise
    University of Kalmar, School of Communication and Design.
    System thinking on Risk Analysis2004In: SABI 2004: Business Systems -- Environmental Contexts, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The word risk originates from the Italian word risicare which means to dare and from this point of view, risk is more of a choice than a fate. Risk is about the actions that we dare to take and these in turn depend on the freedom we have to make choices (Bernstein, 1998). It can also be defined as the possibility of harm or loss to any resource within an information system, which accentuate the importance of identifying the organisation's assets (Ramachandran, 2002).

    The obvious fact that information is one of the most important asset within a company, results in that it is necessary to try to predict the risks that exists against these and consequently also against the organisation's goals and visions. It is impossible to identify all potential risks but a very good tool for identifying as many as possible and then assigning them appropriate protective measures, is the risk analysis.

    Since many significant security processes are built upon risk analysis and also security planning, it is necessary that the analysis is accomplished in an accurate way. This meaning that factors in the inner and outer surrounding environment that could affect the final result also must be taken into consideration, e.g. different communication channels. Thus, a holistic perspective is necessary when performing a risk analysis but also when working with security issues in general.

    Today, security solutions are often focused on technology and not on the system as a whole (Schneier, 2000) and considering that development and use of technology has lead us to think in terms of systems, we mean that this should hold for the information security area as well. Also the fact that the concept of wholeness is very important in information security and that general system theory is a general science of wholeness (v. Bertalanffy, 1969), makes us wonder: what could be more suitable to apply on security issues?

    For that reason, we present some ideas for a modified risk analysis method in this paper, based upon an existing risk analysis used by the case study object The Corporation of Swedish Pharmacies, Apoteket AB. They has recently added two customer care centres to its organisation and as a result of this, also a number of communication channels that are integrated with different information sources that contains classified information, e.g. personal particulars. The ideas of a modified risk analysis could be used by customer care centre organisations using several communication channels. These ideas are influenced by general systems theory that has been combined with a method used to analyse information flows in organisations. We have studied the company's existing risk analysis method and in combination with qualitative data, e.g. interviews, we have some suggestions of a risk analysis that emphasises the holistic perspective and the relations between the different entities in the overall information system.

    The suggested ideas will be reviewed together with the department of IT-security at Apoteket AB and after that tested within the organisation. It is noticeable that like all work with information security, the suggested method is a cyclic process that constantly develops and undergoes changes in relation to its dynamic context. Results and feedback from this implementation will be presented in forthcoming papers during 2004.

  • 26.
    Broberg, Hanna
    University of Kalmar, eHealth Institute, School of Human Sciences, University of Kalmar,.
    Utvärdering av VårdIT-systemet Cosmic på en sjukhusklinik i Kalmar län2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att förbättra hanteringen av vårdinformation införde Landstinget i Kalmar län under åren 2004 till 2008 vårdIT-systemet Cosmic i de flesta av sina vårdverksamheter. Under hösten 2007 och våren 2008 genomförde eHälsoinstitutet en utvärdering av IT-systemets måluppfyllelse, problemlösning, handlingsstöd och verksamhetsstöd på en sjukhusklinik i länet.

    Det gjordes en studie av IT-systemet och verksamheten, en förändringsanalys, värdering av IT-systemet i verksamheten samt förslag på förändringar av ITsystemet och verksamheten.

    Utvärderingen resulterade i bedömning att införandet av IT-systemet har lett till att de flesta mål har uppnåtts och flera problem har blivit lösta. Dock finns vissa mål som ännu inte uppnåtts helt och vissa problem som kvarstår. Dessutom har införandet av IT-systemet orsakat vissa nya problem, men det har också lett till andra mindre förväntade förbättringar.

    Slutsatsen är att IT-systemet har sina styrkor, men också sina svagheter. Det finns därmed potential att genomföra förändringar för att förbättra IT-systemet för verksamheten. Personalen på kliniken är inte helt nöjd, men skulle heller aldrig vilja gå tillbaka till hur det var tidigare. Resultatet av utvärderingen pekar också på vikten av att utvärdera IT-systemet i verksamheten efter införandet.

  • 27.
    Campos, Jaime
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Jantunen, Erkki
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland.
    Baglee, David
    University of Sunderland, UK .
    Gilabert, Eduardo
    Fundación TEKNIKER, Spain.
    Fumagalli, Luca
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Emmanouilidis, Christos
    ATHENA Research & Innovation Centre, Greece .
    The Use of Mobile Technologies and Their Economic Benefits in Maintenance2016In: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2015) / [ed] Koskinen, K.T., Kortelainen, H., Aaltonen, J., Uusitalo, T., Komonen, K., Mathew, J., Laitinen, J. (Eds.), Springer, 2016, 113-119 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of mobile devices enables maintenance staff to gain access to information and services relevant to the task in hand in near real time and wherever some form of network access is provided. Essentially, mobile device users become mobile actors who dynamically interact with the physical environment, i.e. workplace, and supporting information systems, leading to faster response to events and an increased performance. This paper provides insight into the acceptance prospects and best practices of the mobile technologies in the area of maintenance. Furthermore, the potential financial impact is discussed as a key driver for the adoption of mobile technologies in the maintenance practice.

  • 28. Carlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Fredrik, Linander
    von Schéele, Fabian
    A conceptual framework for time distortion analysis in method components.2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Chatzipanagiotou, Niki
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics. Athens University, Greece.
    Soft Systems Methodology: an Inclusive Informatics Re-Design Approach for a New Economy2014In: ISTI (Information Systems & Technology Information), 5th International Conference on Information Systems & Technology Innovations: projecting trends in a New Economy. Tirana, Albania 6-7 June 2014, Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Applied Informatics, Faculty of Economy, University of Tirana, Albania: Academy of Sciences of Albania & University for Business and Technology, Kosovo , 2014, 08- p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The research study focuses on the application of Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) to develop a collaborative user-centered approach within the context of organizational learning, and concludes with suggestions of further research. More specifically, it explores library users’ and academic librarians’ ideal characteristics for the library discovery and access services mediated through the Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) of the Academic Library of the School of Philosophy at Athens University in Greece. SSM’s applied theories and design processes guide the collaborative re-design of a more user-centered library information system. Recommendations discuss the efficacy of this approach, which expresses systems thinking and guides inclusive social learning, which reflect the characteristics of New Economy informatics.

  • 30.
    Chatzistratidi, Fotini
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Wikis in High Schools: an example of using Wikis for the Project course in Greek High Schools2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of ITs in education has created new opportunities for learning and has introduced new ways for knowledge acquisition. Web 2.0 technology presents a variety of tools that can support learning procedure in all levels of Education. Wikis constitute one of the most widespread tools that support cooperation and Project-based learning. This study examines the possibility of a wider use of Wikis for the “Project”, a course that has been taught in Greek High Schools for the last four years. Recently the Greek Ministry of Education attempted to make a shift from traditional learning methods to modern teaching ways that use ITs in all level of education. “Project” course constitutes a pilot course for this attempt and follows new innovating ways of learning. The course has an interdisciplinary character and aims to exploit the benefits of the Project-based learning and to enhance students to cooperation and interaction. The research explores the way that Wikis could support the basic aims of the course and the circumstances under which learners and teachers could be motivated for this use. This qualitative study was conducted in the 1st Lyceum of Eleusis, “Aristoteleio”, and followed the Action-oriented Research approach. The research included interviews with five teachers and a focus group of students. The main outcomes showed that important changes in the Greek Educational system should be done in order for this use to be enhanced.

     

  • 31.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Imran, Ali Shariq
    University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Norway.
    Idrizi, Florim
    Tetovo University, Macedonia.
    Aliu, Hesat
    Tetovo University, Macedonia.
    An Analysis of Learner Experience with MOOCs in Mobile and Desktop Learning Environment2017In: Learning and Collaboration Technologies. LCT 2016, Orlando, USA: Springer, 2017, 393-402 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are now the most recent topic within the field of e-learning. They have the potential to influence the higher education environments significantly worldwide by creating a completely new and large market of educational resources by overpassing the traditional universities market share due to their physical limitations. However, due to the many differences between mobile devices and desktop environments, the introduction of mobile technology in MOOC environment is challenging. Hence, the main objective of this paper is to study and compare the learner’s experience in different learning environments by using mobile devices and PCs while performing given tasks related to MOOCs. To achieve this goal, we conduct a subjective experiment with various MOOCs related tasks to be performed in mobile and desktop learning environment. The results of the findings show that the difficulties learners have experienced in the mobile environment are more expressed. Moreover, their satisfactory level is much higher in the desktop environment.

  • 32.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    et al.
    Gjovik University College, Norway.
    Mendoza, Diana Marina Armijo
    Gjovik University College, Norway.
    Imran, Ali Shariq
    Gjovik University College, Norway.
    Yayilgan, Sule Yilidrim
    Gjovik University College, Norway.
    An intelligent model for predicting the occurrence of skiing injuries2015In: 2015 5th National Symposium on Information Technology: Towards New Smart World (NSITNSW),, IEEE, 2015, 1-6 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial neural networks offer a unique way to model very complex and innovative systems that can be very effective in anticipating various accident severities. In this article, we propose a neural-network-based model, able to predict the number of severe injuries caused while skiing. The proposed system is intended for use by ski patrol and medical personnel to better prepare themselves in advance for treating ski-injured persons. The ski patrol and any other medical personnel will be able to know the statistics, type and severity of the injuries occurred, and most importantly, will be benefiting from having predictions for each day. Considering that, the number of injured people in a particular place each day was estimated, the results are very promising suggesting that such a system would prove beneficial in accurately predicting skiing injuries.

  • 33.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    et al.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Yayilgan, S. Y.
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Security and Privacy Considerations for IoT Application on Smart Grids: Survey and Research Challenges2016In: 2016 IEEE 4th International Conference on Future Internet of Things and Cloud Workshops (FiCloudW), 2016, 63-68 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The emergence and evolution of Internet of Things (IoT) offers great advantages to improve substantially the management over electricity consumption and distribution to the benefit of consumers, suppliers and grid operators. However, introducing IoT related devices and technologies in smart grids might lead to new security and privacy challenges. Though necessary technological innovations to ensure secure communication are being developed, more work is still required towards more secure standards for communication between devices and Smart Grids. This paper provides an overview about the security and privacy challenges of IoT applications in smart grids. Furthermore, we highlight and analyze some solutions and practices being used to cope with security and privacy requirements for IoT on deployment and management of smart grid. We address three types of challenge domains: customer domain, information and communication domain, and the grid domain.

  • 34.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    et al.
    Gjøvik University College, Norway.
    Yayilgan, Sule Yildirim
    Gjøvik University College, Norway.
    The impact of environmental factors to skiing injuries: Bayesian regularization neural network model for predicting skiing injuries2015In: 2015 6th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT), IEEE, 2015, 1-6 p., 35239Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Skiing is a winter sport that is found very attractive to many people. Nevertheless, this sport is considered among high-risk sports due to the potential danger of severe injury or death. This is because of variable weather and terrain conditions, obstacles including other skiers, high speeds, trees, etc. Artificial Neural Networks have many applications in predicting the occurrence of various accident severities. In this article, we study the impact of the environmental factors to potential risk factor assessment in skiing. Hence, we apply the Bayesian Regularization Back Propagation neural network (BRBP) to predict the number of severe injuries in skiing, based on the data obtained from our prototype ski-injury registration system, the estimated bindings of environmental conditions, and the potential risk for resulting number of personal injuries. Through comparing with Levenberg Marquardt Back Propagation (LMBP), in terms of prediction accuracy, our experimental results show that BRBP has better performance by achieving higher predictive accuracy.

  • 35.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Computer Science. Gjovik University College, Norway.
    Yayilgan, Sule Yildirim
    Gjovik University College, Norway.
    Kastrati, Zenun
    Gjovik University College, Norway.
    Enhancing the Learner’s Performance Analysis Using SMEUS Semantic E-learning System and Business Intelligence Technologies2015In: Learning and Collaboration Technologies. LCT 2015, Los Angeles: Springer, 2015, 208-217 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ontologies represent an efficient way of semantic web application on e-learning and offer great opportunity by bringing great advantages to e-learning systems. Nevertheless, despite the many advantages that we get from using ontologies, in terms of structuring the data, there are still many unresolved problems related to the difficulties about getting proper information about a learner’s behavior. Consequently, there is a need of developing tools that enable analysis of the learner’s interaction with the e-learning environment. In this paper, we propose a framework for the application of Business Intelligence (BI) and OLAP technologies in SMEUS e-learning environment. Hence, on one hand, the proposed framework will enable and support the decision-making by answering some questions related to learner’s performance, and on the other hand, will present a case study model for implementing these technologies into a semantic e-learning environment.

  • 36.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    et al.
    Gjovik University College, Norway.
    Yayilgan, Sule Yilidrim
    Gjøvik University College, Norway.
    Gebremedhin, Alemayehu
    Gjøvik University College, Norway.
    A Cloud Computing Framework for Smarter District Heating Systems2015In: 2015 IEEE 12th Intl Conf on Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing and 2015 IEEE 12th Intl Conf on Autonomic and Trusted Computing and 2015 IEEE 15th Intl Conf on Scalable Computing and Communications and Its Associated Workshops (UIC-ATC-ScalCom), IEEE, 2015, 1413-1416 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, EU is supporting various projects to motivate and support citizen’s behavioral to achieve greater energy efficiency in district heating systems by taking advantage of ICT while ensuring energy savings from this new ICT-enabled solutions are greater than the cost for the provision of the services. Modern heating networks requires tools for constant monitoring and control of the network to ensure high effectiveness and reliability. Therefore, a flexible and efficient distributed data collection and storage, that operates with diverse sensors and via different types of networks is required. Moreover, such a system needs to be highly dependable, and separate parts of the system should operate even if the communication is lost. Cloud computing has an answer for this enormous network of computing resources and storage needs, since it has several good properties such as being energy saving, cost saving, agile, scalable, and flexible. In this paper, we propose a cloud computing based framework that integrates all the required advanced communication technologies to create an intelligent district heating network.

  • 37.
    Dika, Agni
    et al.
    South East European University, Macedonia.
    Bilali, Kusthrim
    Tetovo State University, Macedonia.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    Tetovo State University, Macedonia.
    Implementing and using new e-testing system to increase the effectiveness of learning in primary schools of Macedonia2012In: 2012 International Conference on Education and e-Learning Innovations (ICEELI), 2012, 1-4 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, the impact of technology on education has been outstanding and this brings new challenges for educational institutions to manage many issues that were previously not managed with ease due to geographical limitations or lack of adequate training technologies. The extensive use of technology in learning makes its use inevitable in the assessment process. Although, a lot of software packages exist in the market, it is difficult to adapt them according to a certain educational system. In this paper we present the characteristics of the new model of e-testing system that we have designed and developed. This system is implemented and is used for testing by several schools of our country. Before applying the new system, students were tested in a classical way. We have gathered and compared the classical testing results and those from using e-testing tool for assessment of student knowledge. As a conclusion, the success of the students tested electronically is much higher comparing with the success of students tested classically.

  • 38.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    et al.
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Poli, Arianna
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Döhner, Hanneli
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Goodwin, Frank
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    The role of Eurocarers in promoting web-based support services for informal carers in Europe2015In: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, no 1, 88-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Eurocarers is an European non-profit association representing informal carers. It was officially established in 2006 and includes user organisations, research institutions and individual members addressing and working on the issue of informal care. Eurocarers participates in the work package 3 (WP3) of the INNOVAGE project, aiming to develop and disseminate a multilingual web platform for informal carers in 27 Member States of the European Union (EU).

    Methods: A wide networking activity was carried out in 2013-2014 for identifying and involving at least one user organisation in each country of the EU-27, which could take over responsibility of single national versions of the platform. 29 carers organisations were involved in implementation, as well as in developing country-based contents for the information resources area.

    Results: Information resource area will be implemented in the EU-27 in all official languages and updated progressively by organisations. Each organisation will implement a set of interactive services, depending on country peculiarities and available resources. A further dissemination phase will follow, based on a multilayered approach: one EU event will take place in 2015, followed by national events and other local activities.

    Conclusions: A fundamental role in the development and dissemination of web-based support services for carers is played by the activation of a strong and comprehensive network of organisations. Characteristics of the internet have the potential to strengthen collaboration between stakeholders and converge efforts for improving level of support services in countries with less cultural, social and policy recognition of carers’ role in the society.

  • 39.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    et al.
    Athens Association of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders, Greece.
    Vlachogiann, Aggeliki
    Athens Association of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders, Greece.
    Nika, Aspasia
    Athens Association of Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders, Greece.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Poli, Arianna
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Salzmann, Benjamin
    wir pflegen, Germany.
    Andréasson, Frida
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Doehner, Hanneli
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Web services for Greek informal carers2015In: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine, ISSN 1790-5427, Vol. 18, 51-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The INNOVAGE project is dedicated to developing, surveying and cataloguing, social innovations for older people. Four new innovations will be developed and tested: a) social innovation for user – driven housing of older people, b) a web-platform for informal carers of older people, c) social intervention for improving obesity in old age, d) social innovation for activation of people with dementia living in long term care institutions. Italian National Institute of Health and Science on Aging (INRCA) (www.inrca.it) and Eurocarers Association (www.eurocarers.org) are the partners responsible for developing and implementing a multilingual web platform for informal carers in 27 EU Member States. An innovAge carers associations network has been established based on the Eurocarers organisations network. National organizations, members of INNOVAGE network, are responsible for developing national information and disseminating the web platform at national level. Athens Association of Alzheimer‘s Disease and Related Disorders is an official member of the INNOVAGE network and participates in the development of the Greek version of the INNOVAGE web platform. The platform will provide to end-users services such as: national information on care and support services, legal and financial information, information about the most common impairments of older people, strategies and information about coping with caregiving. Interactive services, social network, forum, chat, video conferencing tools will be also available. The Greek version of the web platform will be available in May 2015.

  • 40.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Eriksén, Sara
    Blekinge institute of technology.
    Aktiv på egna eller andras villkor: Hur blir man delaktig?2010In: Förvaltning och medborgarskap i förändring / [ed] Lindblad-Gidlund,K, Ekelin, A, Eriksén, S, Ranerup, A, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2010, 1, 47-65 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     E-förvaltning, dvs offentliga e-tjänster,  e-administration  och e-demokrati har kommit att bli ett vanligt inslag i kommuners, landstings, myndigheters och medborgares vardag. Förvaltning och medborgarskap i förändring  bidrar till att upprätta en dialog mellan  pågående forskning och etablerad praxis inom området e-förvaltning. Kapitlet diskuterar hur medborgarskap, yrkesrolelr och delaktighet  jämte stödjande teknik på en och samma gång kan tolkas som beständiga och anpassningsbara enheter.  Vidare granskas hur samspelet mellan stabilitet och elasticitet ömsom öppnar och stänger  för delaktighet utifrån exmeple hämtade konkreta utvecklingsprojekt som bedrivits inom offentlig sektor.

  • 41.
    Ekelin, Annelie
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Media and Journalism.
    Eriksén, Sara
    Blekinge institute of technology.
    Citizen-Driven Design: Leveraging Participatory Design of E-Government 2.0 Through Local and Global Collaborations2015In: Case Studies in e-Government 2.0: Changing Citizen Relationships / [ed] Boughzala, Imed; Janssen, Marijn; Assar, Said, Switzerland: Springer, 2015, 1, 67-85 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this chapter is to present how citizen-driven design of e-government can be promoted through trans-local cooperation. Our case study consists of the Augment project, which focuses on the design of a mobile service for co-creation of local accessibility. Our approach is action research based in the Scandinavian tradition of Participatory design. Experiences from this project highlight issues concerning how to reconfigure the basis for design of public services. In order to cultivate spaces for citizen-driven design and local innovation, we made iterative use of global collaborations. In the initial phase, influences from R&D cooperation with India provided new spaces for participatory design practices. In the next phase, a proof-of-concept process allowed for broader local stake-holder involvement. In the third phase, the service concept was shared and expanded with partner regions in Europe through exchange of Best Practices. Currently, we are moving towards phase four, the commercialization process. Beyond the iterative design of the mobile service itself, and what trans-local collaboration contributed in this context, we also discuss reconceptualization of innovation as incremental change. We argue that transnational collaboration can be deliberately made use of for leveraging incremental change on a local level and strengthening regional innovation systems and practices.

  • 42.
    Elovaara, Pirjo
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola .
    Finken, Sisse
    Institutt for Informatikk, Universitet i Oslo.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    From Mutual Learning to Agential Learning2012In: Diffraction Patterns: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on an Emerging Paradigm in Gender Studies, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Fagerström Kareld, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Holm Sjögren, Charlotta
    Socialstyrelsen.
    Uppföljningsmodell för gemensam informationsstruktur2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den nationella e-hälsostrategin betonar vikten av god informationsförsörjning. Den gemensamma informationsstrukturen för vård och omsorg bidrar till strategin genom att skapa förutsättningar för strukturerad dokumentation, beslutsstöd och e-tjänster. Nyttoeffekterna förutsätter emellertid att kommuner och landsting använder resurserna i den gemensamma informationsstrukturen. För att få kunskap om huvudmännens användning utvecklade Socialstyrelsen en uppföljningsmodell 2013. Uppföljningsmodellen har nu vidareutvecklats och konkretiserats i ett projekt under hösten 2014 och våren 2015. Syftet har varit att skapa en konkretiserad, tydligt beskriven och användbar uppföljningsmodell. Modellen består av två delar utformade för att undersöka grad av införande samt uppnådd nytta. Modelldelen grad av införande undersöker implementeringen av den gemensamma informationsstrukturen hos en huvudman. Den andra modelldelen, uppnådd nytta, studerar faktiskt uppnådd nytta för en person/roll i en given verksamhetssituation. Utgångspunkten är att ökande grad av införande påverkar uppnådd nytta positivt. Sambandet mellan de båda delarna gör modellen till en meningsfull helhet. De två modelldelarna är i övrigt avsedda att användas separat. En undersökning för att fastställa grad av införande genomförs med hjälp av ett antal implementeringsindikatorer. Indikatorerna har identifierats inom fem områden i en implementeringsmodell: styrning, uppbyggnad, organisering, användning och resultat. Områdena illustrerar vad som behöver göras för att implementeringen ska starta och utvecklas. De omfattar även beslut och effekter som uppstår i verksamheten till följd av implementeringen. Grad av införande fastställs genom att undersökningsresultaten matchas mot fem fördefinierade implementeringsnivåer som beskriver olika stadier eller tillstånd i införandet. Med detta tillvägagångssätt synliggörs den pågående implementeringen så att nya möjliga steg i implementeringsarbetet kan identifieras. Utgångspunkten för datainsamling i modelldelen uppnådd nytta är en verksamhetssituation inom vård och omsorg, där arbetsuppgifter med inriktning mot att tillgodose ett eller flera mål genomförs. I verksamhetssituationen undersöks möjligheterna att genomföra önskade arbetsuppgifter effektivt med avseende på dokumentationsmöjligheter och tillgång till information. Verksamhetssituationer kan exempelvis handla om att skaffa överblick över en patient/brukares historik inom vård och omsorg, att dokumentera en åtgärd/insats, att ta emot/överlämna patienter mellan olika vårdenheter eller att följa upp en grupp patienters/brukares process. En undersökt verksamhetssituation analyseras relativt förväntade effekter av den gemensamma informationsstrukturen. Genom att studera verksamhetssituationer över tid kan utvecklingen av uppnådd nytta följas.

  • 44.
    Fagerström Kareld, Birgitta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Löfstedt, Ulrica
    Mid Sweden University, Faculty of Science, Technology and Media, Department of Information Technology and Media.
    Williamsson, Ia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Quality IS: Next most important research project?2012In: IRIS 35/SCIS2012 – DESIGNING THE INTERACTIVE SOCIETY, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 45.
    Finken, Sisse
    et al.
    Institutt for Informatikk, Universitet i Oslo.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Computer Science, Physics and Mathematics.
    Smart homes: In- and exclusions in design2012In: Design and displacement: social studies of science and technology, Copenhagen, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper our focus is on smart homes as an emerging phenomenon in care and services offered to senior citizens. The background of this phenomenon is the so-called tide-wave of elderly. Along with socio-economic challenges, politicians express a desire to keep alive the welfare state that offers senior citizen services to maintain their well-being and autonomy. New technologies are therefore considered as a means to meet these challenges. Senior citizens are, like other citizens, a heterogeneous group with different wishes, activities, demands, and expectations rather than a uniform group with similar needs. The boundaries between those included in the smart homes and those not, and the very way these are drawn have ontological implications for the subject and object that emerges out of ongoing activities. We ask what kinds of homes that comes into existence due to the integration of elderly, care staff, alarm providers, alarms, sensor and so on. In addition to these entities other more intangible entities such as policies, technological push, and governance regimes are included. We locate our discussion of smart homes as infrastructures to a relational ontology in which humans and nonhumans are understood not as pre-given but come into existence in intra-actions in ongoing material-discursive practices e.g. smart homes offered to senior citizens. Hence what come into existence is dependent on the entities included, entities that are not innocent but “they are necessary for making meaning” and “have real material-consequences“ (Barad 1996:187). Three vignettes are used in the exploration of the thinking house.

  • 46.
    Finken, Sisse
    et al.
    Institutt for Informatikk, Universitet i Oslo.
    Sefyrin, Johanna
    Mittuniversitet.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Elovaara, Pirjo
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola .
    de Petris, Linus
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola .
    Meaning making as a becoming: Sociomaterial orientations towards meaning making in organizational settings2013In: First Nordic STS Conference, 2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    “In my agential realist account, meaning making is not a human-based practice, but rather a result of specific material reconfigurations of the world.” (Barad 2007:465n116)

     In the introductory quote Karen Barad states her non-anthropocentric positioning on meaning making.  Her position is rooted in ‘agential realism’ with which she gestures to a symbiotic relationship between meaning and matter.  From a standpoint of agential realism subjects and objects are not constituted as pre-fixed entities with specific properties; rather, they are performed and becoming in intra-actions through which boundaries and properties emerge and make meaningful (such) phenomena and concepts (Barad 2007).

     In this paper we bring forth Barad’s account on agential realism to unpack the mutual workings of subjects and objects within three different organizational setting. Accordingly, with Barad’s take on meaning making and the inseparableness of meaning and matter, we aim at unfolding how humans, activities, practices, things, technologies, and working life come into being, matters, and effects the very organization of (the) work (they do together).

     We draw on Barad and fellow STS scholars when asking the following questions:  What do the reconfiguring and redeployment of subjects and objects mean and how do they matter?  For whom?  In what way?  And with what effects?

     Thus, in re-entering a reading of meaning making through an optic of ‘agential realism’ we present three vignettes from different domains of working life that all feed into the questions raised above.  One vignette is situated in a meeting taking place in a project on IT systems design in a government agency, another vignette tells a story about a municipal planning project and the third zooms in on a project on care technologies in ICT based nursing homes (aka smart houses).  Different as they are, these vignettes all shed light on and seek to further our understands on how meaning is a becoming that happens in the very reconfiguration and redeployment of subjects and objects.

     

  • 47.
    Forsö, Olle
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Erić, Filip
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Scrum och utmaningar: En kvalitativ studie om vilka utmaningar praktiserande står inför agila arbetsmetoden Scrum2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Agile methods are based on iterative development and fast delivery. This essay has beenconducted against practitioners who have experience working in accordance with agilemethods. As IT projects fail to a large extent and criticism is directed against Scrum,makes the topic of the essay relevant.

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the challenges that practitioners face when they work according to the agile method Scrum. To investigate this, a qualitative data collection was conducted by interviewing five respondents who have experience working with Scrum. Categorizations were made based on empirical theory, and the theory has then reinforced these categorizations.

    The investigation found that practitioners face challenges that can be divided into agile definition and Scrum, cooperation according to Scrum, as well as results and goals.

  • 48.
    Gardsten, Cecilia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University.
    Mörtberg, Christina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University.
    Designing an ICT self-management service: suggestions from persons with type 2 diabetes2017In: Health and Technology, ISSN 2190-7188, E-ISSN 2190-7196, Vol. 7, no 2-3, 197-206 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the wishes and needs of people with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) for a future information and communication technology (ICT) self-management service to help manage their condition and their everyday life. Diabetes is a chronic disease affecting more and more people and placing increasing demands on health care. The self-management of diabetes includes instrumental and, decision-making skills and skills in managing daily activities, which may be supported by an ICT service. In this study we used a participatory design including two sessions of Future Workshop (FW) as part of a larger research project on the self-management of diabetes. Adults with type 2 diabetes participated in two FW sessions in which their expressed wishes and needs for an ICT service all fell under the broad category of Acceptance of the diagnosis, with three other suggestions; Trust in partnerships, Communication, and Individualized information. The participants’ experience of the FW as a democratic process and their appreciation of mutual learning contributed to these results, which are consistent with the aims of person-centred care.

  • 49.
    Greco, Cosetta
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lucchetti, Maria
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    La promozione della salute alla sfida del web2010In: Prospettive Sociali e Sanitarie, ISSN 0393-9510, Vol. 14, 11-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Some Heuristics for Digital Business Model Configuration2015In: Advanced Information Systems Engineering Workshops, CAiSE 2015 / [ed] Persson, A; Stirna, J, Kalmar/Vaxjö: Linnaeus University , 2015, 123-130 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a summary of ongoing research with regard to the reconfiguration of business models with the help of digital technologies. Based in Amit and Zott's seminal notion of a business model, studies of a large set of digital business models have uncovered a set of dimensions that when reconfigured with the help of digital technologies may produce successful digital businesses. These dimensions are a business model's outputs, activities, actors, transaction mechanism and governance, and may be regarded as a set of heuristics to guide managers' business development efforts into the digital world.

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