lnu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
123456 1 - 50 av 262
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Ackrell, Simon
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Landelius, Mathias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Molnbaserade affärssystem: Viktiga aspekter vid övergång till molnet2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det saknades teori kring vilka aspekter som var viktiga för potentiella kunder att väga in i ett beslut om övergång till molnbaserade affärssystem. I undersökningen har vi samlat tidigare forskning kring molntjänster generellt och sedan jämfört den med empiri från respondenter med erfarenhet av molnbaserade affärssystem. På så sätt har vi försökt koppla tidigare forskning och undersökt huruvida den är applicerbar på vår studie. Vi kom fram till att det framförallt är aspekter rörande säkerhet, ekonomi och affärsstrategi som kunder bör vara medvetna om när de planerar en övergång till molnbaserade affärssystem. Rörande säkerhet fann vi att det är viktigt att tänka på hur den fysiska lagringen sker och säkerhetsrutiner kring vem som handhar data och hur den säkerhetskopieras samt vem som äger datan. Ekonomiskt kan beslutet om en övergång påverkas av molntjänsters olika prismodeller, hur kostnader skiljer sig mot lokalt installerade system samt potentiellt dolda kostnader. Slutligen kan det affärsstrategiskt finnas avgörande aspekter i hur system interagerar med varandra, hur anpassad en tjänst är till mobila enheter samt att molntjänster enkelt kan skalas upp i storlek vid behov.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Ahmed, Salah Uddin
    et al.
    University of South-Eastern Norway, Norway.
    Dalipi, Fisnik
    University of South-Eastern Norway, Norway.
    Ferati, Mexhid
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Plugin: a Crowdsourcing Mobile App for Easy Discovery of Public Charging Outlets2019Ingår i: HCI International 2019: Posters. HCII 2019 / [ed] Stephanidis C., Springer, 2019, Vol. 1034, s. 323-329Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays, the growth of mobile apps is so fast and viral; they have the potential of transforming our everyday lives by creating huge opportunities to individuals and businesses. This translates into a growing demand for developing such apps, which need to be easy to learn and use. In this paper, we conduct an evaluation of an android mobile app, which we designed and developed to find and register power outlets in public spaces. Our evaluation of the prototype consisted of two stages. First, we provided the users with two tasks, with an additional option to indicate their perception of how easy it was to complete these tasks. Second, upon completing both tasks and offering their comments, participants were asked to take the SUS (System Usability Scores) questionnaire. The results of the evaluation indicate that the app usability and learnability is acceptable despite being a prototype. The findings and participants’ comments give us a direction on how this app can be improved in the future.

  • 3.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Flexible Self-Care Solution Portfolio: Adaptive Support for Patient Centered Heart Failure Care2016Ingår i: International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems/International Conference on Project Management/International Conference on Health and Social Care Information Systems and Technologies, CENTERIS/ProjMAN / HCist 2016 / [ed] Varajao, JEQ; CruzCunha, MM; Martinho, R; Rijo, R; BjornAndersen, N; Turner, R; Alves, D, Elsevier, 2016, s. 215-220Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Development of support systems in the area of e-health have different set of conditions that makes it more difficult than in other context of IS/IT use. In this research we explore a development case and look at the development process and the outcomes in terms of solutions. The research concerns the area of heart failure and how patients could be more successful with self-care. The outcome from the project was the creation of a portfolio of solutions, which was a combination of technical and process solutions. The outcome draws the attention to the need of flexible solutions and cater to the diversity of the patients and their personal situations. In the concluding discussion a set of design dimensions are presenting, representing difficult trade-offs that needs to be handled during the design process. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 4.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Askenäs, Linda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Understanding user learning in its development: application of illeris’s learning model2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th IADIS International Conference Information Systems 2017 Budapest, Hungary, 10-12 April, 2017 / [ed] Miguel Baptista Nunes, Pedro Isaías and Philip Powell, IADIS Press, 2017, s. 77-84Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates a learning model for its capabilities to improve the understanding of user learning during information systems design (ISD). We wish to explore the role of the ISD process as a learning process. Today, organizational design and development increasingly circulate around notions like ?organizational learning” and ?organizational knowledge creation” or is, in the general direction of organization, in a constant process of change. An information system could be the driver for new organizational routines or new produces, or the necessary component for realizing a new business strategy. The possible role of the information system might then be as a force for change or an obstacle, by the way it is used during its life time. Here we look at the development of the systems and how this process must reflect a high level of adaptation, learning and change in the user community. To add to the knowledge of ISD as a learning system we read a co-design-driven ISD case through the theory lens of Illeris (2007). We discuss the possibilities of designing an ISD process based on this learning theory and of creating users as well as an information system.

  • 5.
    Aidemark, Jan
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    Sterner, Håkan
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap, Ekonomihögskolan, EHV.
    A Framework for Strategic Balancing of Knowledge Management Initiatives2003Ingår i: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 2003 / [ed] Ralph Sprague, IEEE Press, 2003Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Enterprises need to understand the impact of different types of knowledge management (KM) approaches on business strategy, and how they interact with other types of initiatives to produce synergistic effects. The hypothesis of this paper is that a model based on the balanced scorecard approach (BSC) can be used to balance the diverse set of KM approaches that are described in the KM literature. A literature study has been carried out connecting general examples of BSC objectives to KM approaches and applications. The resulting framework indicates that each of the major aspects of KM has its place in the BSC model, and thus has a role in the success of the company from a strategic viewpoint. A KM strategy according to this perspective should articulate how a company intends to strike a balance between different KM approaches. Contributions of the framework to related theory are discussed and illustrated by using a rich case from literature.

  • 6.
    Allagiannis, Ioannis
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    EDI AND GREEK SMES. A MULTIPLE CASE STUDY IN THE CONTEXT OF TECHNOLOGY, ENVIRONMENT AND ORGANIZATION.2014Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) holds the potential to improve contemporary business operations, which are redefined frequently based on the demands of global competition. There are numerous EDI systems, which an enterprise can choose to adopt in order to meet its needs and goals. International literature demonstrates a variation of views regarding the adoption of new technologies, which differ according the size of each organization along with internal and external impediments and determinants. The use of EDI worldwide has gained a positive acceptance by commercial companies, industries and service providers, followed by rapid adoption mainly in the processes of large organizations. Conversely, the predictions of previous years’ studies have not been materialized to the expected extent. In Greece in particular, there is low penetration and a reluctance to adopt EDI technologies by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). This study is based on the theoretical framework of Technology, Organization and Environment (TOE). A qualitative multiple case study research design has been used, in order to provide further insights on the factors that affect the decision of Greek SMEs in adopting EDI technologies. The significance of the perceived direct and indirect benefits, the effects of the perceived financial cost and technical competence and the importance of industry and government pressure on corporate level, are analyzed and discussed. An empirical support of the low penetration of EDI in the Greek SMEs' community is also provided. This research contributes in the existing knowledge about EDI adoption decisions regarding Greek SMEs by providing a variation of views, further insights on how Greek SMEs behave and react during the current economic recession and a new cost factor that emerged within the analysis of multiple cases. Avenues for future research are recommended in order to expand this study's findings in the field of corporate IT innovation.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 7.
    Amirjani, Mehrnaz
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Tailoring Large Interactive Public Displays For University Students2013Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Mehrnaz Amirjani_Thesis
  • 8.
    Anders, Christian
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    How to improve citizen participation in a municipal context with blockchain-based ICT2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The master thesis focuses on citizen participation and how to support it with the application of ICT. Due to its recent publicity, blockchain and its features have been investigated and were related to the citizen participation domain. A qualitative research study has been conducted to explore the perceptions of citizens relating to blockchain. Based on those findings suggestions for improvement of citizen participation were provided.

    More specifically, a focus group interview has been conducted in the Swedish municipality of Växjö. Probes have been used to encourage the participants to follow unexpected thoughts to provide creative answers and to start a dialogue between the group and the researcher. The gathered data from the focus group interview was then analyzed with an iterative coding process. This process yielded a list of seven concepts which bundle the following aspects mentioned by the participants in the group interview: Accessibility, Flexibility and Responsiveness, Trust, Accountability vs Privacy, Adaption, Representation, and Collaboration. The concepts are referring to the use of blockchain in the context of citizen participation. They have been discussed later on, based on the contextual framework built on the topics ICT, blockchain, citizen participation, and soft systems methodology. A literature review was conducted to build this framework.

    The discussion summarizes how the citizens perceive blockchain and how it can support their participation within a municipality context. The perceptions include concerns relating to privacy, hopes of improved information infrastructures with open data formats, as well as that blockchain could modernize democracy. The forms of blockchain systems which could support citizen participation comprise aspects such as that it could lead to transparent and traceable investment flows for participative planning and controlling, as well as that it could help to identify bad players when collaborating with each other. In the last parts, issues of citizen empowerment are discussed as a result of the previous parts of the discussion about citizens' perceptions and the forms blockchain could have for them.

    This research aims to contribute to current research on citizen participation supported by ICT. It means to promote developments towards higher degrees of citizen power, by providing citizens' views on blockchain and the forms of participation it could support.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    How to improve citizen participation in a municipal context with blockchain-based ICT
  • 9.
    Andersson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Nilsson, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Varför Web 2.0?: Modell för praktisk utveckling av organisationers kommunikation, nätverkande och samarbete2013Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utvecklingen av webben har sedan den skapades 1989 gått från att bestå av statiska webbsidor till att bli mer interagerande med dess användare. Denna utveckling, som kallas Web 2.0, har på ett naturligt sätt letat sig in i företagssammanhang.

    Denna studie började ursprungligen som ett uppdrag åt myndigheten Trafikverket. Studiens syfte har varit att på ett praktiskt sätt undersöka möjligheterna att utveckla organisationers inom- och interorganisatoriska kommunikation, nätverkande och samarbete med hjälp av Web 2.0- tekniker. Vi beslutade oss för att skapa en tentativ modell för hur organisationer kan gå till väga för att utveckla dessa områden och testa denna mot fallmyndigheten.

    Cook (2008) har skapat en kategoriseringsmodell för Web 2.0-verktyg som han kallar för 4C-modellen. Modellen utgår ifrån de användningsområden verktygen har.

    För att genomföra denna studie har vi använt oss av en deduktiv ansats med en kvalitativ metod. Vi utgick från Cooks (2008) 4C-modell och genom en iterativ process där vi blandade teori med intervjuer utökades modellens praktiska tillämpbarhet.

    Modellen består av en övergripande beskrivning av organisationen, djupdykning i områdena kommunikation, nätverkande och samarbete. Därefter består modellen av en kartläggning av Web 2.0-verktyg samt en SWOT-analys för att sedan rundas av med en slutsats.

    Modellen tillämpades på verksamhetsområdena Investering och Stora projekt på Trafikverket. Resultatet från tillämpningen visade att användandet av Web 2.0-verktyg skulle kunna underlätta introduktion av nyanställda, öka möjligheterna för formellt och informellt samarbete samt förbättrad kunskapshantering. Möjligheterna för organisationer att använda Web 2.0-verktyg underlättas av det faktum att det finns produkter på marknaden som innehåller flera Web 2.0 funktioner, exempelvis Microsoft Sharepoint. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Andersson, Jakob
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Bonnier, Simon
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    ”Hej kan jag hjälpa dig!”: Principer vid design och tillämpning av en interaktiv servicerobot2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Användandet av servicerobotar i olika sammanhang, har under de senare åren stadigt ökat och är idag ett allt vanligare inslag på företag och organisationers webbsidor. Servicerobotar har stor potential att skapa fördelar i kontakten med användare, eftersom de kan tillhandahålla outtröttlig och snabb service på ett kostnadseffektivt sätt. Denna teknik skapar även möjligheten att i viss utsträckning automatisera den viktiga kundkontakten, vilken kan leda till effektivisering av olika affärsprocesser och kostnadsminskningar utan att inskränka på upplevd kvalitet. Den tidigare forskning som utförts inom området för servicerobotar har främst varit inriktad mot att undersöka vilka aspekter ur ett användarperspektiv av en servicerobot som är essentiella för att uppnå god användbarhet och användaracceptans. Man har i tidigare forskning även identifierat att det ur ett organisationsperspektiv saknas ett etablerat och standardiserat tillvägagångssätt för hur man bör hantera design och tillämpning av interaktiva servicerobotar. Denna studie har avsett att undersöka hur design och tillämpning av en servicerobot bör hanteras ur en organisatorisk synvinkel, vilket uppnåtts genom en fallstudie i det Växjö baserade företaget Visma Spcs och deras servicerobot Vera. I fallstudien har en kvalitativ undersökningsmetod tillämpats genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med personer involverade i Vera projektet. Resultatet av fallstudien visade att det finns viktiga aspekter i arbetet med servicerobotar som bör beaktas ur en organisatorisk synvinkel, för att kunna skapa en användbar och accepterad servicerobot. Slutsatsen av studien visade på tre principer: Förstå användaren, Förstå Kontexten, samt Skapande, kontroll och underhåll, som är viktiga delar att beakta vid design och tillämpning av interaktiva servicerobotar ur en organisatorisk synvinkel. Att förstå användaren kommer vara viktigt för att skapa en användarupplevelse som uppfyller användarnas behov. Förstå kontexten kommer vara kritiskt vid val av robottyp, samt vilken typ av mjukvarulösning som ska användas och skapande, kontroll och underhåll kommer vara viktigt för att se till att serviceroboten upprätthåller hög system-, informations- och servicekvalitet.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    ”Hej kan jag hjälpa dig!”: Principer vid design och tillämpning av en interaktiv servicerobot
  • 11.
    Andersson, Marie
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för medicin och optometri (MEO).
    Chefers och medarbetares erfarenheter av anpassning till digital transformation i äldreomsorgen - en kvalitativ fallstudie med deduktiv ansats2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det råder en obalans i den svenska välfärdssektorn på grund av den demo­grafiska utvecklingen. Äldreomsorgen är ett välfärdsområde där digitaliseringen kan skapa stora möjligheter genom att tänka och arbeta på nya sätt i kombination med att använda digital teknik och e-hälsa men för att nyttja digitaliserings möjligheter behö­ver anpassningar göras inom äldreomsorgen.

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva chefers och medarbetares erfarenheter av hur anpassning till förutsättningar vision, kompetens, belöning, resurser och handlings­plan kan främja förändring vid en digital transformation av en kommuns äldreomsorg.

    Metod: Genom en kvalitativ fallstudie genomfördes tre fokusgrupps­intervjuer med chefer och medarbetare inom äldreomsorgen i en mindre kommun. Urvalet av informanter baserades på ett generiskt ändamålsstyrt urval och fokus­gruppsintervjuerna utgick från en semistrukturerad intervjuguide. Resultatet analyse­rades genom kvalitativ riktad innehållsanalys med deduktiv ansats utifrån byggsten­arna i Thylefors förändringsmodell.

    Resultat: Chefers och medarbetares erfarenheter av hur anpassningar till förutsätt­ningar kan främja digital transformation inom äldreomsorgen i en kommun beskrivs samt chefers och medarbetares behov av stöd i förändringen. Totalt tio subkategorier identifierades till Thylefors byggstenar vision, kompetens, belöning, resurser och handlingsplan.

    Slutsats: Chefers och medarbetares erfarenheter av hur anpassningar kan främja för­ändring inom äldreomsorgen vid en digital transformation, i den kommun där studien genomfördes, visar att vision, förändringsledning och digital kompetens spelar en central roll. Chefers och medarbetares erfarenheter av stöd i förändringsprocessen vi­sar på behov av tid för utbildning och innovation samt en handlingsplan som bör in­kluderas i det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet. Chefer och medarbetare erfar liknande behov av anpassningar och stöd vilket skulle kunna indikera att resultatet kan beaktas vid digital transformation inom äldreomsorgen i en liknande kontext. Förslag till framtida forskning är bland annat att undersöka hur digital transformation inom äl­dreomsorgen kan främja ett hållbart ledarskap och utvecklande medarbetarskap.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Fulltext
  • 12.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). Region Kalmar County, Sweden.
    Aidemark, Jan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Magnusson, Lennart
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). Region Kalmar County, Sweden.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap (HV). Region Kalmar County, Sweden.
    Lifeworld in co-designing with informal carers2019Ingår i: Journal of Enabling Technologies, ISSN 2398-6263, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 29-39Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reflect on carers’ experiences of being involved in the development of a web-based support programme for carers of people with heart failure (CPwHF), and discuss the challenges related to their involvement in the development process. The focus was on the different phases in the project as well as the methodological challenges and opportunities that occurred in the user group sessions conducted.

    Design/methodology/approach – This research adopt an explorative design studying a co-design process to develop an information and communication technology based support programme for and with CPwHF. Habermas’ concepts of lifeworld and system are used as a theoretical framework to analyse the co-design process employed in the study.

    Findings – Reflecting on the co-design approach adopted, the findings highlight the methodological challenges that arise with carer involvement and the possible tensions that occur between researchers’ ambitions to include users in the design process, and the goal of developing a product or service, in the different phases of the design process.

    Originality/value – Findings highlight that there is a tension between the system and lifeworld in the co-design process which are not totally compatible. The paper highlights that there is a need to develop flexible and reflexive human-centred design methodologies, able to meet carers’ needs and ideas, and at the same time balance this with proposed research outcomes.

  • 13.
    Andréasson, Frida
    et al.
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    The INNOVAGE-Eurocarers platform and current ICT-based services for informal carers of older people in Sweden2015Ingår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 88-88Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Different support services for family carers are available in Sweden through information and communication technologies (ICTs) since late 1990s, like ACTION, My Joice, IPPI, ‘The Gap’, and Carer Sweden’s online ‘Carer’s Book’. The INNOVAGE-Eurocarers platform aimed to complement the offer of web services to carers through the provision of a new tailored package.

    Methods: The Swedish pilot test enrolled around 50 carers through contacts with professionals working with carers in different municipalities. They could access the following web-based services: information resources; individual support via e-mail and private messages; group support via social network and forum. Periodical writing activities were asked to active users in the forum, alternating expressive writing (EW) and time management (TM) writing tasks. Periodical reminders were sent in order to increase user involvement.

    Results: Users were predominantly older, female carers, of which two thirds were over 65 years old. The web platform was perceived as a flexible tool, potentially accessible at any time, which gave users the possibility to exploit their experience as carers with others in similar situations. This peer exchange seemed to improve self empowerment, sense of solidarity and mutual learning. However, usage of the web platform was limited due to the low level of digital skills of some carers.

    Conclusions: Although results confirmed usefulness and appropriateness of implemented web services, it is fundamental to address the issue of usability and accessibility in order to ensure a wider accessibility. An option might be to offer initial digital skill training and continuous technical support for computer novices.

  • 14.
    Askan, Bakay Heysem
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DM).
    Effects of COVID-19 to organization’s security culture: A case study on a Swedish organization with a focus on device security2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    COVID-19 pandemic was one of the most devastating events that happened in the 21st century. It created a lot of changes both socially and economically. For example, a lot of employees had to be laid off due to financial reasons. Also, a considerable amount of organisations had to employ working from home culture or hybrid work culture that are still in effect. All these changes have affected the device threat landscape as well. There were new vulnerabilities that surfaced due to working from home. For example, employees had to work in unmonitored networks. On top of that there were changes in attack trends as well. The ransom attacks became more destructive after COVID-19 pandemic. 

    This study analyzed the effects of the change in threat landscape on the organization’s device security culture. A literature review was conducted to define the changes in the threat landscape through changes in vulnerabilities and changes in attack trends after the COVID-19 pandemic. As a result of the literature review, it was observed that working from home culture created a lot of vulnerabilities for the organisations that adopted it. Also, it was noticed  that there were changes in ransomware and phishing trends. To observe the possible effects of those changes to the organisation’s device security culture, a case study was conducted on a Swedish organisation that underwent numerous transformations after the COVID-19 pandemic. The data for the case study was collected through interviews with various participants with different roles in the organisation. The results from the literature review regarding the changes in the device threat landscape helped formulate the interview questions. The case study showed that even though the changes in the threat landscape had affected the organisation’s security culture, other factors, such as the organization's goals and experiences, played a big part in the change of the organization’s device security culture.    

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Aidemark, Jan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Gäre, Klas
    Jönköpings university, Sweden.
    Establishing new consulting services in health care organizations: an ANT analysis of patient-centred care2013Ingår i: ACIS 2013: Information systems: Transforming the Future: Proceedings of the 24th Australasian Conference on InformationSystems, 4-6 December 2013, Melbourne, RMIT University , 2013, s. 1-12Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A recent trend in health care is patient-centred health, but are health care organizations ready to cope with that change? Changes at the patient level are one aspect but there is a need for reshaping the organization of health care. There is a need to focus much more on prevention care, helping patients to cope and become better self-managers, focusing on the patient process, working together and empowering patients. The aim of this paper is to gain a better understanding of the lack of sustainability over time in two patient-centred care (PCC) projects by using actor network theory (ANT) as an analytical framework. We use case studies from heart fibrillation and heart failure care organizations in a Swedish county council. The cases concern initiatives to achieve better interactions for these patients and organize care to become more patient-centred. Both initiatives have now been partly abandoned in the organization, although research and guidelines recommend such care organizations. The analysis of the different actors dominating the translation process towards a PCC network and of the way they get together in networks reveals that this is a time-consuming process, taking place long after the initial training and PCC implementation activities. We discuss the temporality of stability, the reversible process with chimerical enrolments, and how a complex and changing environment demands constant re-problematization of PCC.  We also include how the understanding of the translation and negotiation process can influence decisions on allocating sufficient time and resources to the process. We shed light on the importance of understanding and managing the organizational change in a PCC project and thus also of when to implement patient-centred e-health solutions.

  • 16.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Campos, Jaime
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK). Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, Hållbar hälsa.
    Aidemark, Jan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK). Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, Hållbar hälsa. Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, Digitala transformationer.
    Boström, Martina
    Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Integrated care for elderly living at home: a case description of IoT and big data possibilities2021Ingår i: International Journal of Integrated Care, E-ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 20, nr S1, artikel-id A30Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Gäre, Klas
    Linköpings universitet.
    Informationssystem i hälso- och sjukvård: användning och införande i mikrosystem2009Ingår i: Temperaturen på affärssystem i Sverige / [ed] Hedman, J. Nilsson, F. Westelius, A., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2009, 1, s. 217-246Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 18.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköpings universitet.
    Five Roles of an Information System: A Social Constructionist Approach to Analysing the Use of ERP Systems2003Ingår i: Informing Science: The International Journal of an Emerging Transdiscipline, ISSN 1547-9684, E-ISSN 1521-4672, Vol. 6, s. 209-220Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a novel way of thinking about how information systems are used in organisations.Traditionally, computerised information systems are viewed as objects. In contrast, by viewing the informationsystem as an actor, the understanding of the structuration process increases. The user, beinginfluenced by the ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) system and giving it an actor role, thereby alsoconfers agency on the ERP system; through its very use it influences actions and thus also the structure.Based on a case study of ERP use in an ABB company over a decade, five different roles played by theERP systems were identified. The ERP systems acted as Bureaucrat, Manipulator, Administrative assistant,Consultant or were dismissed (Dismissed) in the sense that intended users chose to avoid usingthem. These terms are defined in the full text.The purpose of this approach here is not to “animate” the information systems, to give them life or amind of their own, but rather to make explicit the socially constructed roles conferred on them by usersand others who are affected by them. On this basis, it is possible to suggest how the roles can help usopen up new areas of exploration concerning the fruitful use of IT.

  • 19.
    Askenäs, Linda
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Westelius, Alf
    Linköpings universitet.
    Reactions to the role of IT in organising2001Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Axelsson, David
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Axeldahl, Monica
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Internkommunikation vid förändringsarbete: En djupstudie av ett enskilt fall2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den problemformulering som denna uppsats har besvarat har varit hur kommunikations-strategin i ett specifikt förändringsarbete kan beskrivas, samt vilka jämförelser som kan gö-ras mellan kommunikationsstrategin och det teoretiska ramverket. Undersökningen i upp-satsen har baserats på en abduktiv ansats med i huvudsak deduktiv inriktning där kvalitativ och kvantitativ data samlats in från de som varit drivande av förändringen, samt de som varit föremål för förändringen. Datan har analyserats utifrån det teoretiska ramverk som varit unikt för undersökningen. De slutsatser som har dragits visar att kommunikationsstra-tegin varit något reaktiv och anpassats efter de individer som varit föremål för förändringen. Jämförelser med det teoretiska ramverket har visat att kommunikation till största del skett genom direkta samtal, i mötesform, att kommunikation använts som ett sätt att förbereda för förändring, samt att möten använts för att kommunicera de rutiner förändringen inneburit.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 21.
    Balan, Khalil
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    User perspective of privacy and surveillance on social networks2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Social networks have integrated into people’s daily lives and they became a powerful medium for effective marketing and communication worldwide. Problem raise when governments and special agencies violate users’ information privacy under the pretext of protecting national security or something as, furthermore, when information became the source of income for social networks it became necessary to investigate users concerns about informational privacy on social platforms, if there are. The main purpose of the thesis is to understand what level of privacy awareness users on social networks have and how much relevant knowledge about surveillance on social networks they recognize. Moreover, the thesis aims to present users’ opinion about surveillance on Facebook and if they accept to be surveyed in certain scenarios. As results, the study has identified ambiguity in Facebook terms and data policy, while there has been clarity that Facebook applies massive surveillance in terms of data collection on all users on the network. 71% of the participants had concerns about their privacy on social networks, two-thirds of the participants didn’t read Facebook terms and 76% did believe that social networks sell users information for own benefits. The majority of the interview participants showed lack of knowledge about data collection on social networks, and didn’t know if governments do surveillance on social platforms or not. However, 37% of the survey participants claimed that they have nothing to hide and governments can look into their activities online, and almost similar percentage supported such an action. Further, most of the interview participants protect their informational privacy on social networks by having good privacy settings, controlling who have access to certain posts or managing friends list. However, 1/3 of the participants who had good privacy settings didn’t know all their friends on FB. Through personal observations on data analysis and literature review, I concluded the thesis with some suggestions of possible approaches to enhance information privacy, these recommendations present my own thoughts and weren’t derived in academic way rather personal notes during the thesis study.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Baldivia, Michael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Omnichannel Transformation and Adaptability of Small Retail Businesses2021Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The retail industry has faced many developments over recent decades as a result of digitalisation including the E-commerce and multichannel retailing phases. Consumers have seen the progression of new and digitised channels as well as solutions such as marketplaces, social media touchpoint and augmented reality tools. During the Covid-19 pandemic more consumers engaged on digital channels as the physical bricks and mortar stores were forced into lockdowns. However, the customer experience has not been seamless even in the era of digital retailing. Retailers have also experienced emerging dilemmas as a result of digitalisation. Despite the decades of retail digitalisation, the customer experience and industry remain somewhat tumultuous.

    Digitalisation has produced positive developments in retail. In parallel it has been challenged to adapt to the changes. The multichannel era has created a disjointed value chain and infrastructure that is impacting the customer experience. Furthermore, consumer behaviour has also changed. The current objective in the industry is to meet the new customer demands. To make it seamless for them, but also for the industry. This concept is omnichannel retailing - the current transformation objective in the industry. It remains novel and emerging. Many have started the transformation and evident in literature. However, this research domain remains minute in comparison to the knowledge in the E-commerce and multichannel domains. Those who have entered the journey are larger organisations and are experiencing the complexity of this digital transformation. This poses the question if  omnichannel transformation of small retail businesses is plausible, which also happens to represent the majority of the industry. 

    This qualitative case study’s objective is to gather and contribute to the limited knowledge in omnichannel retailing, and specifically for small business retailers. The business model concept and Complex Adaptive Systems theory, both associated to digitalisation of complex change has been combined as an omnichannel theoretical framework to assess the participants of this study. This study gathered empirical findings on business model changes and adaptive capabilities through in-depth interviews. The findings demonstrated small business retailers having the capacity to execute complex changes in their business models through adaptive behaviours. The study also highlighted areas in their business models and adaptive capabilities needing more consideration and development to support the ongoing omnichannel transformation. 

  • 23.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Masera, Filippo
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Bonfranceschi, Franco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Rimland, Joseph M.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Bartulewicz, Kristian
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Rossi, Lorena
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lattanzio, Fabrizia
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Experimentation of an integrated system of services and AAL solutions for Alzheimer’s Disease patients and their caregivers in Marche: The UP-TECH project2014Ingår i: Ambient Assisted Living: Italian Forum 2013 / [ed] Sauro Longhi, Pietro Siciliano, Michele Germani, Andrea Monteriù, New York: Springer, 2014, s. 157-165Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 24.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Poli, Arianna
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Andréasson, Frida
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Salzmann, Benjamin
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Hanson, Elizabeth
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Döhner, Hanneli
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Goodwin, Frank
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    A multilingual web platform supporting informal carers in 27 EU member states2015Ingår i: Broader, bigger, better: AAL solutions for Europe. Proceedings of the 6th AAL Forum 2014 / [ed] Adrian Curaj & Ioana Trif, Bucharest: UEFISCDI , 2015, s. 169-172Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Informal care is a hot topic in research and policy agendas at European and national level, since it greatly contributes to the sustainability and efficiency of national health care systems. A specific intervention – part of the wider INNOVAGE project funded by FP7 – was planned for developing and testing a new multilingual web platform for informal carers of dependent older people in the EU-27. Preliminary results of the pilot study, conducted in Italy, Germany and Sweden will be discussed. The final platform will be accessible in all official languages of the EU-27 and publicly available in spring 2015.

  • 25.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lancioni, Cristina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Andréasson, Frida
    Swedish Family Care Competence Centre (NKA).
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Poli, Arianna
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Salzmann, Benjamin
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Efthymiou, Areti
    Eurocarers, Belgium.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    How web-based services can support family carers of older people: New ways to promote social inclusion and quality of life2015Ingår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 87-87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Family carers can be negatively influenced by their situation, in terms of stress, social isolation, economic constraints and other difficulties. Web-based services addressing carers’ needs represent an efficient support. The goal of the INNOVAGE work package 3(WP3) study was to develop and test a new multilingual web platform for supporting family carers of older people, to be implemented in 27 European countries.

    Methods: A review of good practices and a consultation with stakeholders were conducted for identifying most appropriate types of services to be developed and tested. The prototype of web platform included information resources and interactive services for both peer and professional support. A convenient, overall sample of around 130 family carers was enrolled in three countries (Italy, Germany and Sweden) and could access services for 12-17 weeks. Data were collected through questionnaires and focus groups concerning impact onquality of life, social support, self-perception of carer’s role, as well as usability, usefulness and appropriateness of services.

    Results: Active users were generally satisfied with support (information, advice, counselling) provided by moderators (social workers or psychologists) and peers. Usability and appropriateness were confirmed, although some refinements were suggested and users with low digital skills often needed technical support. A portion of the sample remained inactive even if stimulation strategies were adopted.

    Conclusions: The pilot study confirmed the INNOVAGE Eurocarers web platform is a useful tool for family carers. Some challenges still exist for implementation in relation to digital skills required and users’ preferences on services at country level.

  • 26.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Quattrini, Sabrina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Using eHealth to improve integrated care for older people with multimorbidity: Francesco Barbabella2015Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, nr Supplement 3, s. 48-48Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Issue

    The exploitation of eHealth tools in integrated care practices addressing multimorbidity might be a strong driver for facilitating access to the services provided to people with multiple chronic diseases. This is particularly true in the case of older people living in the community, since eHealth could enhance and reinforce care services at home, improving independent living and security of patients.

    Description of the problem

    One of the ICARE4EU project aims, was to explore whether and which kind of eHealth tools are implemented in integrated care practices for older people with multimorbidity across Europe. In fact, eHealth tools could differ widely across practices, requiring specific know-how by users and health professionals for using and maintaining technology-based solutions, adequate financial resources, compatible organisational and cultural environment with innovations.

    Results

    The ICARE4EU project selected 101 integrated care practices in 24 European countries, of which 85 included the provision of at least one eHealth tool. Out of 50 practices addressing needs of older people, 42 included some eHealth solution aimed at: enhancing digital communication (64%); monitoring care processes (58%); providing decision support systems (60%); supporting patients' self-management (32%). Two promising approaches exploiting eHealth are presented in detail: the ‘TeleRehabilitation project: Post ICU patient telerehabilitation services' at the Nicosia General Hospital and the ‘Strategy for chronic care' by the Regional Department of Health in Valencia.

    Lessons

    The use of eHealth seems to have many benefits in terms of improvement of integration and management of care, as well as quality of care. However, to realize this benefits, it is important to arrange adequate technical support, legislative frameworks and training of users and health professionals.

  • 27.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Melchiorre, Maria Gabriella
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Quattrini, Sabrina
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Papa, Roberta
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lattanzio, Fabrizia
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Caring For People With Multiple Chronic Conditions In Italy: Policy And Practices2015Ingår i: Irish Ageing Studies Review, ISSN 1649-9972, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 71-71Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: An estimated 50 million people in the European Union live with multiple chronic diseases. In Italy, around 26.6% of the population aged 16 to 64 years, reported to have at least one long-standing illness or health problem in 2011. Moreover, around 46% of the population over 50 is suffering from multimorbidity. Some programmes addressing adult or older people with multimorbidity have been introduced.

    Methods: Data for the ICARE4EU study were collected in the first half of 2014. Eligible programmes focussed on providing care for adult people with two or more medically diagnosed chronic or long lasting diseases (at least onesomatic), involved formalised cooperation between two or more services (at least one medical) and evaluation was available. For each programme an on-line questionnaire was completed and included four main subjects: Patientcentredness, Management, Use of E-health technologies, and Financing systems.

    Results: In Italy, four programmes met the inclusion criteria. They address both daily patient care and policy/managerial levels. Integration of care services, improved collaboration between care providers, changes in resource utilisation and involvement of informal carers have been observed. In two programmes, older patients are addressed as specific subgroup and in two cases animprovement in the use of E-health tools has emerged.

    Conclusions: In Italy, new policies and integrated care programmes addressing multimorbidity have been recently introduced in some areas, with good preliminary results.

  • 28.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Schmidt, Andrea
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    A theoretical framework for assessing the impact of ICT-based interventions for carers2012Ingår i: Gerontechnology, ISSN 1569-1101, E-ISSN 1569-111X, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 393-393Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Initiatives using information and communication technologies (ICTs) as support for carers of dependent older people are reported since the early 1990s, mainly in form of phone services, computer networks, and video respite. Although the role of ICTs in home care gained increasing relevance in the last decades – for instance in the areas of social integration, care coordination and ambient assisted living (AAL) – few attempts have been made to systematically understand the potentialities of such technologies, overcoming single technology or intervention domains. In this respect, the issues of terminology ambiguity and lack of comparability represented major barriers, so that most of evaluation studies in this area led to mixed and/or inconclusive results. Drawing on the findings of the CARICT-project, this paper discusses the development of a theoretical and conceptual framework to assess the impact ofI CT-based interventions for carers. Method Literature review and a mapping exercise of 52 ICT-based initiatives for carers in 8 countries. Results & Discussion We will provide the results of a mapping exercise of 52 case studies, showing the diversity of existing good practices across Europe and carrying out a review of available impact assessment of these initiatives from a social ecological perspective (at micro-, meso- and macro-level). Subsewquently, we will discuss a theoretical and conceptual framework that is built on the basis of available evidence, leading toa proper classification of ICT-based interventions in relation to types of interactions between actors they support: an attempt is made to group the solutions in coherent and comprehensive classes, with related implications for impact assessments and comparative analysis. Main classes include: alarms, home automation, auto-communication, meta-services, information and training, cognitive stimulations and mental exercises, support group sessions, individual care and support services, and social participation tools. Finally, recommendations for future research in the field are formulated with regard to the assessment and comparability of these services, as well as to the testing and development of new solutions.

  • 29.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Schmidt, Andrea
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Chiatti, Carlos
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Impact of ICT-based interventions on family caregivers: A cross-analysis of 54 good practices in Europe2013Ingår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 17, nr Supplement, June/July, s. S447-S447Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have gained an increasing relevance for delivering innovative care and support services for dependent older people and their family caregivers. Although ICT-based interventions can vary remarkably in terms of functions, target users, operational aspects and technologies used, little knowledge is available concerning their implementationand impact in Europe, a gap that the CARICT project (http://is.jrc.es/pages/EAP/eInclusion/carers.html) has tried to fill.

    Method: 54 ICT-based interventions addressing needs of older peopleor their family caregivers have been identified in 12 European countries through internet search, literature review and expert interviews. Reports have been delivered for each case studied, and cross-analysed to better understand their potential impact at micro, meso and macro level.

    Results: Little evidence was found for positive outcomes at micro-level, including improvements in users’ health relatedquality of life and social inclusion. At meso-level, implementation of 1st/2nd generation telecare contributes to reduce hospitalization and institutionalization rates of older users, as well asto cost savings for local care providers. At macro-level, only one intervention shows concrete effects on a larger scale through a targeted program evaluation, while most ICT-based interventions do not useany tool to assess their impact, and can thus demonstrate only technology acceptance or users’ satisfaction.

    Conclusion: The lack of relevant evidence at all levels, as well as difficulties in comparing and generalising results, strongly urge practitioners to improve impact assessment methodologies and researchers to develop a better general framework of ICT potentials at a conceptual, theoretical and methodological level in this area.

  • 30.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    et al.
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Schmidt, Andrea
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Lamontagne-Godwin, Frédérique
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Rodrigues, Ricardo
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Ruppe, George
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria.
    Lamura, Giovanni
    European Centre for Social Welfare Policy and Research, Austria ; National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Assessing the Impact of ICT-based Solutions for Carers in Europe: Preliminary Findings from the CARICT Project2012Ingår i: Conference “Challenge Social Innovation: Innovating innovation by research – 100 years after Schumpeter”, ZSI , 2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Some evidence suggests that information and communication technologies (ICT) can be an efficient mean to improve not only the quality of care provided to dependent older people but also the support for informal carers and privately employed care workers. However, there is a lack of research on ICT-based initiatives and their impact on carers in the European context. Moving from the preliminary findings of the CARICTproject, the paper discusses the first attempt that has been made in Europe to assess the impact of ICTbased initiatives for carers. First, an overview of the developed methodological framework is presented: it includes both a conceptual framework and an impact assessment methodology (IAM) for evaluating multidimensional outcome. Furthermore, an overview of ICT-based solutions in Europe is provided through the analysis of 52 operational initiatives and selected as good practices. Finally, some recommendations and guidelines for further research in the field are discussed.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 31.
    Batra, Rakhi
    et al.
    Sukkur IBA University, Pakistan.
    Imran, Ali Shariq
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Kastrati, Zenun
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK). Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DM).
    Ghafoor, Abdul
    Sukkur IBA University, Pakistan.
    Daudpota, Sher Muhammad
    Sukkur IBA University, Pakistan.
    Shaikh, Sarang
    Sukkur IBA University, Pakistan.
    Evaluating Polarity Trend Amidst the Coronavirus Crisis in Peoples's Attitudes toward the Vaccination Drive2021Ingår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 13, nr 10, artikel-id 5344Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been more than a year since the coronavirus (COVID-19) engulfed the whole world, disturbing the daily routine, bringing down the economies, and killing two million people across the globe at the time of writing. The pandemic brought the world together to a joint effort to find a cure and work toward developing a vaccine. Much to the anticipation, the first batch of vaccines started rolling out by the end of 2020, and many countries began the vaccination drive early on while others still waiting in anticipation for a successful trial. Social media, meanwhile, was bombarded with all sorts of both positive and negative stories of the development and the evolving coronavirus situation. Many people were looking forward to the vaccines, while others were cautious about the side-effects and the conspiracy theories resulting in mixed emotions. This study explores users's tweets concerning the COVID-19 vaccine and the sentiments expressed on Twitter. It tries to evaluate the polarity trend and a shift since the start of the coronavirus to the vaccination drive across six countries. The findings suggest that people of neighboring countries have shown quite a similar attitude regarding the vaccination in contrast to their different reactions to the coronavirus outbreak.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 32.
    Berger, Johanna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Zia, Robin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Scrum & kvalitetssäkring: En jämförelse mellan teori och praktik2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 33.
    Bergman, Frida
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för medicin och optometri (MEO).
    Förskrivningskollen utifrån vårdpersonalens perspektiv2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Målet med Nationella läkemedelslistan är att hälso- och sjukvården, apoteken och patienten ska ha samma bild av patientens uthämtade och förskrivna läkemedel. Förskrivningskollen är ett webbaserat reservsystem som vårdpersonal kan använda fram tills att vårdens journalsystem är anpassade till Nationella läkemedelslistan. Det saknas tidigare forskning som belyser Förskrivningskollen och det steg i införandeprocessen av Nationella läkemedelslistan som systemet utgör. 

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka användarnas erfarenhet av och uppfattning om Förskrivningskollen, vilket kan tydliggöra nyttor, hinder samt eventuella risker med systemet. I studien används en mixad metod, med användarstatistik från Förskrivningskollen samt en enkät med öppna och slutna frågor. Enkätens respondenter (n= 288) är vårdpersonal som är användare eller potentiella användare av Förskrivningskollen. För analys av enkätens fritextfrågor används induktiv innehållsanalys. 

    Resultatet visar på att det finns höga förväntningar på införandet av Nationella läkemedelslistan men samtidigt flera farhågor. Det var många respondenter som inte kände till Förskrivningskollen och det fanns en osäkerhet gällande arbetssätt och regelverk kopplade till systemet. Förskrivningskollen hade fram till januari -22 använts av sju olika vårdprofessioner. Systemet har få användare i relation till hur många som är behöriga. Resultatet visar att bristande interoperabilitet med journalsystemet gjorde att det blev tidskrävande att använda Förskrivningskollen och utgjorde även en risk för bristande dokumentation i patientens journal. Respondenter beskrev att listan inte var uppdaterad och det fanns en oro över att Förskrivningskollen kan leda till en falsk trygghet. En majoritet av de farmaceuter i vården som ingick i studien upplevde att Förskrivningskollen underlättat deras arbete med läkemedelsgenomgångar. Läkargruppen var mer splittrad i sin upplevelse av nytta, där några beskrev nytta vid förskrivning av beroendeframkallande läkemedel, medan andra föredrog att använda andra system såsom NPÖ eller Pascal. Studien visar att det finns behov av information om samt tydliggörande av arbetssätt och regelverk kopplade till Förskrivningskollen och Nationella läkemedelslistan. Vårdpersonalens farhågor inför införandet av Nationella läkemedelslistan är viktiga att ha i åtanke i det fortsatta implementeringsarbetet. 

  • 34.
    Bevilacqua, Roberta
    et al.
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Di Rosa, Mirko
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Felici, Elisa
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Stara, Vera
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Barbabella, Francesco
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Rossi, Lorena
    National Institute of Health and Science on Ageing (INRCA), Italy.
    Towards an impact assessment framework for ICT-based systems supporting older people: Making evaluation comprehensive through appropriate concepts and metrics2014Ingår i: Ambient Assisted Living: Italian Forum 2013 / [ed] Sauro Longhi, Pietro Siciliano, Michele Germani, Andrea Monteriù, New York: Springer, 2014, s. 215-222Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 35.
    Boshuijzen- van Burken, Christine
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK). Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK). Uppsala University.
    An Assessment of the Uber App’s NormativePractice2017Ingår i: Philosophia Reformata, ISSN 0031-8035, Vol. 82, s. 192-215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes a complex case in society, namely, how to distinguish ride-sharing applications, such as Uber, from ordinary taxi enterprises. We conduct a structural analysis of normative practices with distinctions at the following levels: (1) aspects; (2) radical types, genotypes, and phenotypes; (3) part-whole, enkaptic relationships, and interlinkages; and (4) the distinction between qualifying and foundational functions as it is captured in the theory of normative practices. We conclude that the genotype of taxi matchmaking enterprises, of which Uber is an example, represents a novel normativity that could positively serve society and also produce normative challenges, depending on its governance. Therefore, regulators should not dismiss the entire genotype of taxi matchmaking enterprises, but should address the phenotypes that are illegal or that cannot thrive without the illegal behaviors of its users. This conclusion is clear from the structural and directional sides of the practice.

  • 36.
    Brandt, Patrik
    et al.
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Institutionen för kommunikation och design.
    Révay, Peter
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Institutionen för kommunikation och design.
    Wennberg, Louise
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Institutionen för kommunikation och design.
    System thinking on Risk Analysis2004Ingår i: SABI 2004: Business Systems -- Environmental Contexts, 2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The word risk originates from the Italian word risicare which means to dare and from this point of view, risk is more of a choice than a fate. Risk is about the actions that we dare to take and these in turn depend on the freedom we have to make choices (Bernstein, 1998). It can also be defined as the possibility of harm or loss to any resource within an information system, which accentuate the importance of identifying the organisation's assets (Ramachandran, 2002).

    The obvious fact that information is one of the most important asset within a company, results in that it is necessary to try to predict the risks that exists against these and consequently also against the organisation's goals and visions. It is impossible to identify all potential risks but a very good tool for identifying as many as possible and then assigning them appropriate protective measures, is the risk analysis.

    Since many significant security processes are built upon risk analysis and also security planning, it is necessary that the analysis is accomplished in an accurate way. This meaning that factors in the inner and outer surrounding environment that could affect the final result also must be taken into consideration, e.g. different communication channels. Thus, a holistic perspective is necessary when performing a risk analysis but also when working with security issues in general.

    Today, security solutions are often focused on technology and not on the system as a whole (Schneier, 2000) and considering that development and use of technology has lead us to think in terms of systems, we mean that this should hold for the information security area as well. Also the fact that the concept of wholeness is very important in information security and that general system theory is a general science of wholeness (v. Bertalanffy, 1969), makes us wonder: what could be more suitable to apply on security issues?

    For that reason, we present some ideas for a modified risk analysis method in this paper, based upon an existing risk analysis used by the case study object The Corporation of Swedish Pharmacies, Apoteket AB. They has recently added two customer care centres to its organisation and as a result of this, also a number of communication channels that are integrated with different information sources that contains classified information, e.g. personal particulars. The ideas of a modified risk analysis could be used by customer care centre organisations using several communication channels. These ideas are influenced by general systems theory that has been combined with a method used to analyse information flows in organisations. We have studied the company's existing risk analysis method and in combination with qualitative data, e.g. interviews, we have some suggestions of a risk analysis that emphasises the holistic perspective and the relations between the different entities in the overall information system.

    The suggested ideas will be reviewed together with the department of IT-security at Apoteket AB and after that tested within the organisation. It is noticeable that like all work with information security, the suggested method is a cyclic process that constantly develops and undergoes changes in relation to its dynamic context. Results and feedback from this implementation will be presented in forthcoming papers during 2004.

  • 37.
    Brauer, Rene
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Digitally modeling regional development in Europe: A new methodological approach to policy analysis2013Ingår i: Presented at 9th International Conference Man–City–Nature: “Integrated development of cities and regions”, 14–15 October 2013, Toruń, Poland, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable regional development faces the complicated task of integrating socio-demographic, environmental and economic goals into a functioning policy proposal. The challenges of the 21st century are further complicated by the new nature of rural-urban relations that render traditional dichotomous approaches counterproductive. The latest EU rural development initiative proclaims itself as a fundamental break from older efforts that primarily focused upon agribusiness. This new humanistic vision includes improved quality of life, environmental sustainability and economic diversification alongside traditional agricultural tenets. New research takes this realization further, expressing a need for new conceptual tools to handle this ‘new rural’ reality seen as a composite of material and social aspects. Since older conceptualizations of the rural as agriculturally dominated might still linger on, the achievement of new humanistic planning goals is a complicated task. Policy planning – a complex actor-network of different interests – heterogeneously engineers different interests into a unified framework. In this case, the major refocus within policy planning, including re-conceptualizations of the ‘new rural’ and the new rural-urban relations, should, accordingly, be accommodated within the actual policy documents. If not, the proclaimed focus of the regional development goals could strike as empty political rhetoric. Due to their size, policies are often summarized. A policy summary should consequently be an unambiguous representation of the policy as a whole. Qualitative summarizations, however, may be problematic due to human biases. To circumvent this problem, this study borrows a technique from the digital humanities called topic modeling. This technique was applied to the framework of EU’s rural development policy for 2007–2013 and compared with the proclaimed development goals. First indications of the analysis show that there are indeed attempts to accommodate these new conceptualizations. However, the primary focus is still on agribusiness. Thereby, the humanistic focus of seeing the rural as more than agriculture-dominated areas does not appear to be strengthened. By adhering to a rationale different than the assumed one, such tendencies may possibly complicate the fulfillment of sustainable socio-economic development goals.

  • 38.
    Brauer, Rene
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Using topic modelling to analyse EU’s Rural Development policy2013Ingår i: Symposium on Systematizing and Digitalizing Nordic Policy Studies: “Emergent perspectives within Swedish and Finnish research”, Aalto University, 27 November 2013, Helsinki, Finland, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Any social research at some point always touches upon issues dealing with the situatedness of the researcher. Policy analysis is no exception, and there have been many quantitative attempts to mitigate problems that arise from human biases. The general concern is that, for the most part, these methodological approaches remain fairly basic (e.g. word frequencies) in comparison to the semantic nuances a human reader would normally experience. In that light, the here presented approach explores the possibility of using topic modelling as a way to quantitatively assess policy without forgoing those finer nuances of human analysis. In this presentation, the material subject to topic modelling is EU’s Rural Development policy for 2007–2013 (RDP). It proclaims itself as the first European rural policy to in its conceptual framework cover aspects labelled as quality of life (QOL). In this paper, we treat this particular statement as a hypothesis, to which topic modelling is used to investigate if this really is the case. For any concept (not just QOL) to be incorporated into a policy and to retain its influence, it must be both mentioned and linked to other parts of that same policy, elsewise it could strike as merely a rhetorical strategy. Thereby, the hypothesis is that the more themes (topics) relate to a particular concept the more relative importance the policy allocates to that particular concept. In order to gauge this relative importance of QOL within RDP, we created a categorisation based upon: (1) the RDP’s own conceptual understanding of QOL, and (2) definitions provided by contemporary cutting-edge research dedicated to QOL. The analysis shows that only about 4 % of the topics found within the RDP relate to the issues of QOL. These particular topics only mention aspects of QOL without any explicit signs of implementation. This marginal position of QOL within RDP has been corroborated by other audits of the RDP using traditional qualitative techniques. Therefore, with further methodological development, this experimental application of topic modelling in policy analysis might represent one potential alternative to traditional qualitative methods.

  • 39.
    Brauer, Rene
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Dymitrow, Mirek
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Fridlund, Mats
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    The digital shaping of humanities research: The emergence of Topic Modeling within historical studies2014Ingår i: DASTS 2014 Conference: “Enacting Futures”, Danish Association for Science and Technology Studies (DASTS), Roskilde University, 12–13 June 2014, Roskilde, Denmark, 2014, s. 52-52Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The epistemological affordances of technologies such as the Internet and computers are – yet again – offering promising and threatening opportunities to reshape humanistic research. The large digitization efforts within humanities has created new kinds of ‘big data’ textual source materials only a ’mouse click away’ (e.g. Google books, JSTOR or the Bodleian Digital Library). This socio-technical development presents new epistemological challenges for research within various humanities disciplines. To aid this effort, some researchers are turning to new kinds of (digital) data-mining methods to tackle this complexity. The subject of this study, topic modeling (TM) is such a digital humanities method. The presentation systematically surveys academic applications of topic modelling – an algorithm that parameterizes word concurrences – within historical research. The aim is to answer questions such as; what are the stated benefits of TM, whether there is qualitative differences between TM and traditional methods, and what new epistemological challenges TM creates for historical research? Our starting point is 2004 with the first peer-reviewed historical article and end point in 2013 with the publication of a special journal issue on applications of TM. Our preliminary results show that TM indeed affords new possibilities of innovative qualitative approaches in historical research. However, for all practical purposes TM is, as of yet, not a ‘black-boxed technology’ as many of its key variables still lack general agreed upon standards. This incorporation of TM within historical studies appears to be analogues to earlier developments in disciplines such as; human geography or psychology. These earlier introductions of quantitative tools and methodologies into previously qualitatively dominated disciplines ultimately changed the character of these disciplines. If this will occur within historical studies or humanities remains to be seen.

  • 40.
    Broberg, Hanna
    Högskolan i Kalmar, eHälsoinstitutet, Högskolan i Kalmar.
    Utvärdering av VårdIT-systemet Cosmic på en sjukhusklinik i Kalmar län2008Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    För att förbättra hanteringen av vårdinformation införde Landstinget i Kalmar län under åren 2004 till 2008 vårdIT-systemet Cosmic i de flesta av sina vårdverksamheter. Under hösten 2007 och våren 2008 genomförde eHälsoinstitutet en utvärdering av IT-systemets måluppfyllelse, problemlösning, handlingsstöd och verksamhetsstöd på en sjukhusklinik i länet.

    Det gjordes en studie av IT-systemet och verksamheten, en förändringsanalys, värdering av IT-systemet i verksamheten samt förslag på förändringar av ITsystemet och verksamheten.

    Utvärderingen resulterade i bedömning att införandet av IT-systemet har lett till att de flesta mål har uppnåtts och flera problem har blivit lösta. Dock finns vissa mål som ännu inte uppnåtts helt och vissa problem som kvarstår. Dessutom har införandet av IT-systemet orsakat vissa nya problem, men det har också lett till andra mindre förväntade förbättringar.

    Slutsatsen är att IT-systemet har sina styrkor, men också sina svagheter. Det finns därmed potential att genomföra förändringar för att förbättra IT-systemet för verksamheten. Personalen på kliniken är inte helt nöjd, men skulle heller aldrig vilja gå tillbaka till hur det var tidigare. Resultatet av utvärderingen pekar också på vikten av att utvärdera IT-systemet i verksamheten efter införandet.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 41.
    Brolin, Oscar
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Karlsson, David
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Accepterad, men omtyckt?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om vilka faktorer som påverkar acceptans för journalsystem inom Region Kronoberg2020Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges digitala vårdsituation beskrivs i rapporter från både myndigheter samt populärvetenskapliga tidskrifter som föråldrad och problematisk. I den moderna vården är digitala journalsystem avgörande för att bedriva en effektiv och patientsäker vård. För att följande IT-system skall undvika att skapa problematik för slutanvändare är det viktigt att beakta de åsikter och synpunkter som kan förbättra systemet och därmed ge ökad acceptans. Vidare presenterar tidigare forskning att tid och design av sjukvårdsteknologi spelar en stor roll för ökad acceptans. För att identifiera om vårdsituationen är så problemfylld som den framställs blir acceptans för digitala journalsystem viktigt att undersöka.

    Syftet med följande uppsats var att undersöka om den svenska vårdens digitala journalsystem upplevs som accepterade eller till och med omtyckta av vårdpersonal. För att besvara syftet valde författarna att undersöka vilka faktorer det är som påverkar vårdpersonalens acceptans för digitala journalsystem inom Region Kronoberg.

    Genom att applicera det teoretiska ramverket Technology Acceptance Model 2 (TAM2) gavs ett underlag till att analysera empiri utifrån ett användaracceptansperspektiv. Valet av att använda TAM2 i kontrast till den ursprungliga modellen (TAM) grundades på den utökning som det senare ramverket presenterar att acceptans beror på.

    Från att ha genomfört en kvalitativ intervjustudie på en vårdinrättning i Region Kronoberg identifierades åtta centrala ämnen med hjälp av kodning samt transkribering. Dessa ämnen avsåg områden som uppkom frekvent av de informanter som deltog i undersökningen.

    Analysering av resultatet utfördes genom att ställa de variabler som TAM2 presenterar i förhållande till det resultat som undersökningen gav. Analysen visade att de deltagande i intervjustudien hade en hög acceptans för deras journalsystem då en stor majoritet svarade positivt på samtliga av de variabler som TAM2 presenterar.

    Vidare identifierade författarna fem faktorer som påverkar acceptans för digitala journalsystem för vårdpersonal via analysering. Dessa faktorer avser tid och kultur, design och användarvänlighet, tillgänglighet, användbarhet samt enhetlighet mellan vårdgivare. Följande faktorer leder enligt undersökningen till mer omtyckta och bättre implementerade informationssystem inom vården.

    Genom att identifiera vilka faktorer det är som påverkar acceptans för vårdpersonal i digitala journalsystem kan således beslutsfattare och utvecklare av sjukvårdsteknologi ta det här i beaktning för kommande förändringar.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Examensarbete
  • 42.
    Campos, Jaime
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Jantunen, Erkki
    VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Finland.
    Baglee, David
    University of Sunderland, UK .
    Gilabert, Eduardo
    Fundación TEKNIKER, Spain.
    Fumagalli, Luca
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Emmanouilidis, Christos
    ATHENA Research & Innovation Centre, Greece .
    The Use of Mobile Technologies and Their Economic Benefits in Maintenance2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2015) / [ed] Koskinen, K.T., Kortelainen, H., Aaltonen, J., Uusitalo, T., Komonen, K., Mathew, J., Laitinen, J. (Eds.), Springer, 2016, s. 113-119Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of mobile devices enables maintenance staff to gain access to information and services relevant to the task in hand in near real time and wherever some form of network access is provided. Essentially, mobile device users become mobile actors who dynamically interact with the physical environment, i.e. workplace, and supporting information systems, leading to faster response to events and an increased performance. This paper provides insight into the acceptance prospects and best practices of the mobile technologies in the area of maintenance. Furthermore, the potential financial impact is discussed as a key driver for the adoption of mobile technologies in the maintenance practice.

  • 43.
    Campos, Jaime
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Håkansson, Lars
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Information System Requirements Elicitation for Gravel Road Maintenance: A Stakeholder Mapping Approach2020Ingår i: Advances in Asset Management and Condition Monitoring. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies: COMADEM 2019 / [ed] Ball A., Gelman L., Rao B., Springer, 2020, s. 377-387Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Gravel road maintenance is a complex endeavour comprising physical, technical and social aspects that have to be considered, and resources to be coordinated. The maintenance requirements are affected by weather conditions, geography, and traffic frequency, but also by the physical properties of the road and the previous maintenance performance. The physical properties and maintenance requirements are area dependent; in Northern Europe, ground frost, for instance, is a problem, while flooding is a problem in East Asia. Understanding the specific context-dependent variables is therefore important when designing a maintenance information system. In this paper, the maintenance information system requirements are identified focusing on the Swedish gravel road ecosystem. The system elicitation process is crucial to be able to specify the requirements of the future system and its users, and in this paper, a stakeholders’ approach is utilized. Different stakeholders are described, including their maintenance related needs, information needs, and roles in the maintenance system. The interdependencies between different stakeholders are also illustrated in an ecosystem diagram. From these descriptions, requirements for computerized maintenance management systems are elicited, and main users are identified. User scenarios are thereafter illustrated using the User Case technique.

  • 44.
    Campos, Jaime
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Salonen, Antti
    Mälardalen University, Sweden.
    A project management methodology to achieve successful digitalization in maintenance organizations2021Ingår i: International Journal of COMADEM, ISSN 1363-7681, Vol. 24, nr 1, s. 3-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The efficient project management of information systems (IS) and information technology (IT) projects is a crucial factor since, in many cases, they fail to meet the expected demands and requirements of the different stakeholders’. It is well known that poor project management, like inadequate risk management and insufficient project planning, is one of the main reasons for ICT project failure. An understanding of the digitalisation and the ICTs digital capabilities, i.e. adoption of disruptive technologies are crucial as well for its successful implementation. Thus, with the emergence of the new ICTs such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, and big data, the digitalisation of the maintenance domain has become even more complicated. It is, therefore, essential to revisit standard processes when carrying out software development projects for the area of interest. A broad selection of software development methodologies exists today. However, these are general-purpose development approaches, and it is, therefore, crucial to have an understanding of the best options and best practices of the existent methodologies for context-specific development projects. Thus, the authors present a literature review of ICT project methodologies and later discuss these findings taking into consideration the characteristics of the domain of interest. Based on this, an ICT project management methodology suitable for the Industrial maintenance domain is suggested.

  • 45.
    Carlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Fredrik, Linander
    Örebro University, Sweden;Saab Dynamics AB, Sweden.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK). Örebro University, Sweden.
    A Conceptual Framework for Time Distortion Analysis in Method Components2014Ingår i: Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 15th International Conference, BPMDS 2014, 19th International Conference, EMMSAD 2014, Held at CAiSE 2014, Thessaloniki, Greece, June 16-17, 2014. Proceedings, Springer, 2014, Vol. 175, s. 454-463Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The “software crisis” is still a prevailing problem to many organizations despite existence of advanced systems engineering methods, techniques for project planning and method engineering; systems engineering project still struggle to deliver on time and budget, and with sufficient quality. Existing research stresses that time leakage has a lever effect on economic outcome, which is not addressed in the abovementioned approaches. As part of an on-going research project we therefore extend existing method engineering concept to include time distortion analysis. This allows for analysis of resource use (productivity) in execution of method components. It has the potential to act as a) a tool for improving the execution of systems engineering processes, or b) criteria for selecting method parts to improve the systems engineering processes.

  • 46.
    Chatzipanagiotou, Niki
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Managers' Cooperative Work Practices in Computational Artefacts-Supported Library Systems2021Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The dissertation presents understandings of the complex, contextual, cooperative everyday work practices of academic library managers supported by computational artefacts, as well as challenges disrupting their practices and thereby computational artefacts usage. The doctoral research approaches and conceptualises managers’ work as ‘everyday cooperative practice’, in this way adopting the computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) approach. A focused-ethnographic study explores middle managers’ everyday cooperative work practices in two academic libraries, in Sweden and Australia, when using computational artefacts, including challenges experienced. The empirical data was collected through participant observations and formal and informal face-to-face interviews, as well as organizational documents review. The thematically analysed empirical material was presented as vignettes to enable complementary contextual visualisation of managers’ practices. A conceptual framework incorporated CSCW main concepts, such as cooperative work, practice, computational artefacts, situated action, articulation work, awareness, and appropriation. Placed within a managerial environment and inspired by management theories such as sensemaking and soft systems thinking, this conceptualisation serves as a reference point to explicate the research findings and achieve the research aim, to advance the understanding of managers’ everyday cooperative work practices using computational artefacts. 

    The outcome of this dissertation illustrates the complex, contextualised, multidimensional and often diverse reality of academic library managers’ everyday cooperative work practices using computational artefacts, as well as emergent challenges that have implications for the use of computational artefacts and workplace practices. The interconnectedness of articulation work, awareness and appropriation, which emerged as a research outcome, vividly illustrates the interdependent and interrelated nature of managers’ everyday work. It extends the understanding of everyday cooperative work practices of academic library managers and provides rich analysis of their practical doing of managing and using of computational artefacts. Thus, this doctoral research generates contributions for the informatics field and, particularly, the computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) research and, modestly, for the management and library domains.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
    Ladda ner (jpg)
    Presentationsbild
  • 47.
    Chatzipanagiotou, Niki
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK). Athens University, Greece.
    Soft Systems Methodology: an Inclusive Informatics Re-Design Approach for a New Economy2014Ingår i: ISTI (Information Systems & Technology Information), 5th International Conference on Information Systems & Technology Innovations: projecting trends in a New Economy. Tirana, Albania 6-7 June 2014, Department of Mathematics, Statistics and Applied Informatics, Faculty of Economy, University of Tirana, Albania: Academy of Sciences of Albania & University for Business and Technology, Kosovo , 2014, s. 08-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The research study focuses on the application of Soft Systems Methodology (SSM) to develop a collaborative user-centered approach within the context of organizational learning, and concludes with suggestions of further research. More specifically, it explores library users’ and academic librarians’ ideal characteristics for the library discovery and access services mediated through the Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) of the Academic Library of the School of Philosophy at Athens University in Greece. SSM’s applied theories and design processes guide the collaborative re-design of a more user-centered library information system. Recommendations discuss the efficacy of this approach, which expresses systems thinking and guides inclusive social learning, which reflect the characteristics of New Economy informatics.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Chatzistratidi, Fotini
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Wikis in High Schools: an example of using Wikis for the Project course in Greek High Schools2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of ITs in education has created new opportunities for learning and has introduced new ways for knowledge acquisition. Web 2.0 technology presents a variety of tools that can support learning procedure in all levels of Education. Wikis constitute one of the most widespread tools that support cooperation and Project-based learning. This study examines the possibility of a wider use of Wikis for the “Project”, a course that has been taught in Greek High Schools for the last four years. Recently the Greek Ministry of Education attempted to make a shift from traditional learning methods to modern teaching ways that use ITs in all level of education. “Project” course constitutes a pilot course for this attempt and follows new innovating ways of learning. The course has an interdisciplinary character and aims to exploit the benefits of the Project-based learning and to enhance students to cooperation and interaction. The research explores the way that Wikis could support the basic aims of the course and the circumstances under which learners and teachers could be motivated for this use. This qualitative study was conducted in the 1st Lyceum of Eleusis, “Aristoteleio”, and followed the Action-oriented Research approach. The research included interviews with five teachers and a focus group of students. The main outcomes showed that important changes in the Greek Educational system should be done in order for this use to be enhanced.

     

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 49.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Co-creation of E-services enabled by the Digitalization of Physical Products2017Ingår i: Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management, ISSN 1809-2640, E-ISSN 1807-1775, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 219-237Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With the advent of digitalization, e-services are now enabled by embedded digital technologies in physical products such as vehicles, elevators, construction equipment. In spite of numerous instances of e-services enabled by the digitalization of physical products, little research has been carried out to investigate the characteristics of co-creation of such e-services. This paper attempts to fill the gap by reporting from a three-year long research project with a vehicle manufacturing company. Using the translation phases from the Actor-Network theory (ANT) as a theoretical lens, this paper presents three propositions that characterize the co-creation of e-services enabled by the digitalization of physical products. The propositions highlight the role of physical products, establishment of trust and setting priorities about digitalization.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 50.
    Dahlén Ölander, Linn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för Hälso- och livsvetenskap (FHL), Institutionen för medicin och optometri (MEO).
    Vårdpersonals upplevelser inför omställning till digifysisk vård inom öppenvårdspsykiatri: En studie med kvalitativ ansats som undersöker möjligheter och hinder.2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Nationellt eftersträvas en digital omställning där digital och fysisk vård integreras inom hälso- och sjukvården. Incitament för denna omställning är att ge invånare ökad tillgänglighet till vård men också att nå en ökad delaktighet för invånare. Den digitala omställningen av vården och därmed integrering av digitala vårdkontakter är inom regionalt driven psykiatri ännu i sin linda.

    Detta trots växande evidens, framsteg i utveckling och tillgång till digitala verktyg, en pandemi som forcerat barriärer och ökad samhällelig acceptans för vård på distans. En förutsättning för att digitala vårdtjänster integreras som en legitim del av vård och behandling vid psykisk ohälsa är att vårdpersonal integrerar digitala arbetssätt och vårdkontakter i yrkesvardagen.  Idag är lite känt om hur vårdpersonal inom specialiserad öppenvårdspsykiatri i Sverige uppfattar en sådan omställning.  

    Syfte: Studiens huvudsyfte är att undersöka möjligheter och hinder som vårdpersonal inom regionalt driven öppenvårdspsykiatri upplever vid omställning där patienter erbjuds kombination av fysisk och digital vård. 

    Metod: Ett webbaserat frågeformulär med öppna och slutna frågor utformades. Insamlade data analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys utifrån en deduktiv ansats utifrån Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF). Deltagare i studien var vårdpersonal verksamma i regionalt driven psykiatrisk öppenvård för vuxna i en region i Södra Sverige.

    Resultat: Baserat på TDF ramverket identifierades områden som påverkar vårdpersonalen genom att utgöra möjligheter eller hinder för att använda digitala vårdformer som arbetssätt.  Resultatets höga överensstämmelse med tidigare forskning antyder att identifierade TDF- domäner kan användas för att stärka acceptansen och implementeringen av digitala vårdformer inom ramen för psykiatrisk öppenvård.   

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
123456 1 - 50 av 262
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf