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  • 1.
    Haftor, Darek
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    An Identification of Normative Sources for Systems Thinking: an Inquiry into Religious Ground-Motives for Systems Thinking Paradigms2003In: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 20, no 6, p. 475-487Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In celebration of C. West Churchman's work, this article investigates one of the most cherished endeavours of his thinking: to provide a normative meaning for the conduct of human affiars. Churchman has always emphasized ‘What-Ought-To-Be’, at the expense of the ‘What-Is’. To achieve this purpose, four Systems Thinking paradigms, namely Hard Systems Thinking, Soft Systems Thinking, Critical Systems Thinking, and Multimodal Systems Thinking, are investigated with regard to their foundations for normative guidance. This investigation is made by identifying their respective basic convictions in the form of so-called ‘religious ground-motives’, which are based on the assumption that all human thinking and acting starts with a credal conviction, be it Christian, Jew, Islamic, Buddhist, or other. As a result it is found that these systems thinking paradigms are either founded on an inherent contradiction or provide a normative foundation that lacks a social contract for their implementation, and therefore these paradigms do not provide a stable and satisfactory normative guidance for system design.

    Note: The key claim of this author is that, to be normative, an ethical theory must be grounded in a transcendental justification which is based on some religious faith. The opinions presented in this paper are strictly the author's, who does not claim that his beliefs have more merit or are more ethical than those of any competitive faiths.

  • 2.
    Haftor, Darek
    Adera Sweden AB.
    Multimodal investigation of a business process and information system redesign: a post-implementation case study2001In: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 181-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multi-modal systems thinking (MST) has emerged in recent years as an alternative scientific paradigm to the more established ones, founded on positivistic, hermeneutic and critical bases, respectively. Among others, MST offers a system researcher and practitioner the multi-modal theory as an analysis and design tool. An attempt to use this is presented in this article. More specifically, a situation where an implementation of a new business process, supported by a new computerized information system, has taken place causing some unpredicted and unwanted consequences is presented. This case is analysed with the help of multi-modal theory, leading to an identification of system design shortcomings. This exercise shows that the employed theory is a powerful tool for construction of multi-perspective models; it provides plausible intelligibility for why unexpected consequences emerged. Further, its use generated some heuristics for future systems modelling, analysis and design. The study also shows that the theory is ambiguous in its application; this in turn calls for its further development and operationalization.

  • 3.
    Mirijamdotter, Anita
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Somerville, Mary M.
    University of the Pacific, USA.
    Salavati, Sadaf
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Hajrizi, Edmond
    University for Business and Technology, Kosovo.
    Making Local Knowledge Visible: The Case of the University for Business and Technology in Kosovo2018In: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 35, no 5, p. 588-597Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A vision to further national development through higher education now informs planning for the University for Business and Technology Knowledge Center. At its essence, the Center aims to make local knowledge visible through furthering discovery of and access to research content produced by academic students and university professors on institu- tional, local and international levels. This paper reports on conceptual exploration of this in- stitutional idea during spring semester 2017 in a graduate course on systems thinking and methodology. Using active learning pedagogy to improve local situations, an international teaching team facilitated student and stakeholder engagement in participatory design activ- ities using soft systems methodology tools and techniques. Course evaluation outcomes re- vealed students’ improved levels of knowledge and development of insights. In addition, their course work demonstrated their advanced understanding of systems thinking and its application. Furthermore, students expressed high motivation to learn more about other human-centred theories and participatory design tools. In considering the value of the University’s knowledge vision, they were especially enthusiastic about its implications for furthering national democratic development in Kosovo and regional economic growth in south-eastern Europe.

  • 4.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Cognitive Time Distortion on the Performance of Economic Organizations2014In: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 31, no 1, p. 77-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a novel conception of an economic organization, where its Total Profit Equation accounts for the phenomenon of cognitive time distortionthis being understood as the discrepancy between physical and cognitive time. Cognitive time distortion is unconditionally inherent in all human beings and everything they do, and typically produces economic inefficiencies as well as human stress; all this may now be conceptualized, detected, and acted upon. The novel Total Profit Equation as introduced here, including its underlying Total Revenue Equation and the Total Cost Equation, echoes a call of the founders of Systems Sciences that non-trivial systems manifest several kinds of temporal experiences. This call has largely been ignored by the various disciplines that study organizations and their management, particularly economic organizations, where the temporal experience of economic organizations is reduced to physical time. In this sense, this contribution offers an alternative to remedy that reductionism. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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