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  • 1.
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    et al.
    Lund University ; Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Borg, Christel
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Balducci, Cristian
    INRCA, Italy.
    Burholt, Vanessa
    University of Wales, UK.
    Wenger, Clare G.
    University of Wales, UK.
    Ferring, Dieter
    University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
    Weber, Germain
    University of Vienna, Austria.
    Holst, Göran
    Blekinge Institute of Research & Development.
    Hallberg, Ingalill R.
    The Vårdal Institute.
    Life satisfaction and associated factors among people aged 60 years and above in six European countries2007In: Applied Research in Quality of Life, ISSN 1871-2584, E-ISSN 1871-2576, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 33-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Life satisfaction is a concept frequently used to measure wellbeing of older people. However, there is still a lack of cross-national comparative research investigating factors associated with life satisfaction. There may be unique and common factors associated with life satisfaction across European countries. This study aimed to investigate life satisfaction among people aged 60–89 years in six European countries in relation to health problems, ADL capacity, self-esteem, social and financial resources. A cross-sectional study was performed, including 7699 people aged 60–89 years, in Sweden, the UK, the Netherlands, Luxemburg, Austria and Italy, participating in the European Study of Adult Wellbeing, using questions from the Older Americans Resources and Services schedule, Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire, Life Satisfaction Index Z and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale. Logistic regression analysis was performed to determine factors associated with life satisfaction in the six national samples. In cases where people were less satisfied with their life it was fairly satisfactory and unsatisfactory social contacts (Odds Ratio (OR) 1.5–13.8), poor financial resources (OR 1.7–15.1), feeling greatly hindered by health problems (OR 2.2–5.4) and self-esteem (OR 2.1–5.1) rather than the ability to perform activities of daily living and the extent of social contacts that gave the greatest risk of low life satisfaction in all the six European countries. There were both common and country-specific factors important for life satisfaction in the six European countries. However, the importance of satisfactory social contacts, financial resources, self-esteem and feeling hindered by health problems seems universal in the six included countries and thus important to target in preventive interventions.

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