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  • 1.
    Alpenberg, Jan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Wnuk-Pel, Tomasz
    University of Lodz, Polen.
    Henebäck, Amanda
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Environmental orientation in Swedish local governments2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 1-20, article id 459Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the environmental orientation in Swedish local governments. Environmental concerns over potential risk factors have become more important and popular among public organizations and environmental improvement efforts are made to create a sustainable ecosystem for the actors doing business, living and working in the area. Prior research indicates that public organizations have started to become more environmentally oriented in order to take on more responsibilities for reducing their own environmental impact as well as influencing the citizens and local businesses in the direction of a more sustainable way of living and working.

    Through a survey to Swedish local government we conclude that they are taking on a key role in developing a sustainable ecosystem through becoming more environmentally oriented. This includes developing a framework for setting environmental goals, identifying suitable environmental indicators and reporting to a wide range of stakeholders. A factor that is explaining the increasing environmental orientation in the public sector is the implementation of digitalized performance measurement systems. We find that the environmental performance measurements are used to motivate different internal and external stakeholders in the efforts to create a multi-actor ecosystem.  

  • 2.
    Baird, Tim
    et al.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Castka, Pavel
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    New Zealand Winegrowers Attitudes and Behaviours towards Wine Tourism and Sustainable Winegrowing2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 3, article id 797Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are significant economic, environmental, social, and marketing issues that exist from the supply-side perspective in response to sustainability. This study examines New Zealand winegrowers in terms of their attitudes and behaviours towards wine tourism and sustainable wine production. A national survey was conducted at the end of 2015, which was the fourth such survey to be undertaken as part of a longitudinal study of wine tourism in New Zealand. This survey drew on issues of wine and biosecurity, climate change, and eco-labelling, as well as wine tourism. These issues were examined within the context of three key drivers of sustainability: the physical aspects of sustainable wine production, the internal drivers within wine businesses for the adoption of sustainable practices, and the external regulatory aspects that govern the adoption of sustainable wine production practices. The findings indicate that there were substantial concerns with the perceived value provided by both wine tourism and sustainable winegrowing practices. These concerns exist at both the firm level and with the governing bodies that are responsible for implementing sustainable winegrowing initiatives. Unless this perception of the value of sustainability within the New Zealand wine industry is altered in the future, it appears that there will continue to be an ongoing issue as to how sustainable winegrowing initiatives are implemented.

  • 3.
    Bausch, Thomas
    et al.
    Free Univ Bozen Bolzano, Italy.
    Humpe, Andreas
    Munich Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University, Sweden;Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.
    Does Climate Change Influence Guest Loyalty at Alpine Winter Destinations?2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 15, p. 1-22, article id 4233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has dealt extensively with different aspects of climate change and winter tourism such as the impact on ski resorts and ski lift operators, adaptation strategies, governance at destinations and reactions of winter sports guests to changing snow conditions. This paper goes deeper into the question of destination choice and examines the role of climate change among the many factors affecting guest loyalty at Alpine winter destinations. The study uses an established destination choice model with choice sets, destination image and dynamic feedback loop. A qualitative online forum identifies factors influencing winter destination choice, followed by a quantitative survey which compares Alpine winter holidaymakers categorised as loyal, disloyal and undecided. The results demonstrate that climate change clearly influences destination choice, but snow sports are not the only affected attractors. Enjoyment of the natural environment and value for money are just as high on the list of guest motivators. This indicates that climate change adaptation measures such as snowmaking can be counterproductive to guest loyalty because they spoil the natural scenery and raise prices. The paper concludes with a recommendation for winter destinations to prioritize conservation of the natural environment and integrate more environmental protection measures into their management strategies.

  • 4.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Challenges Addressed by Swedish Third-Party Logistics Providers Conducting Sustainable Logistics Business Cases2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 9, p. 1-15, article id 2654Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The sustainable logistics business case (SLBC) provides underlying argumentation to convince decision makers to approve initiatives within sustainablelogistics. Little knowledge exists on how companies conduct SLBCs or the challenges that need to be addressed. The purpose of this paper is to explore how companies conduct SLBCs, to increase the understanding of how perceived challenges can be addressed. Potential challenges were identified in literature on business cases models in general and sustainable logistics business cases. As third-party logistics providers (3PL) are big contributors to emissions and often are responsible for designing logistics setups, they were focused in the empirical study. How SLBC were conducted was investigated based on interviews with managers responsible for conducting SLBCs and the responses triangulated with information derived from actual business cases. Despite the careful selection of 3PLs well ahead within the area, few challenges were perceived by the studied companies. This does not imply that challenges do not exist but can rather be described as a consequence of their pragmatic and inward-looking perspective. Examples of how to address challenges are provided. The compiled list of SLBC challenges provides an overview that was missing in literature.

  • 5.
    Björn, Hedin
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    What Can You Do with 100 kWh?: A Longitudinal Study of Using an Interactive Energy Comparison Tool to Increase Energy Awareness2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 7, article id 2269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reducing the use of energy is important for several reasons, such as saving money and reducing impact on the climate. However, the awareness among non-experts of how much energy is required by different activities and appliances is generally low, which can lead to wrong prioritizations. In this study, we have developed an interactive tool to increase “energy awareness”, and performed a longitudinal study to evaluate its effect. A group of 58 students first did a test to benchmark their current energy awareness, where their current knowledge of energy used for 14 different activities, such as driving vehicles and using home appliances, was measured. They then tried the interactive learning tool for 10 min. Next, they did the same test immediately after trying the tool, then again one week after trying the tool, and finally again six months after trying the tool. The results showed a significant learning effect in energy awareness with a “huge” effect size of 2.25 immediately after the intervention, a “very large” effect size of 1.70 after one week, and a “large” effect size of 0.93 after six months. The results further showed that the respondents consistently underestimated what 100 kWh could be used for, and especially so for appliances and activities requiring little energy. Before the intervention, on average they underestimated how much 100 kWh could be used for by 95.2%, and six months after the intervention the underestimation was 86.8%.

  • 6.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University;Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.
    Police Perspectives on Road Safety and Transport Politics in Germany2017In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 10, article id 1771Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Road safety is a key concern of transport governance. In the European Union, a Road Safety Programme was adopted in 2011, with the objective to reduce road deaths in Europe by 50% in the period from 2011 to 2020. Evidence suggests, however, that this goal will not be met. Against this background, this paper investigates police perspectives on traffic laws, traffic behaviour, and transport policy. Police officers working with road safety are in a unique position to evaluate and judge the efficiency of road safety policies, as they record traffic offences, fine, investigate, and witness in court. Geographically, focus is on transport policy in Germany, a country with a dense road network, high levels of car ownership, and a large number of car manufacturers. A total of 14 semi-structured interviews were carried out with police officers in a wide variety of positions within the traffic police in Freiburg. Thematic analysis is used to analyse content and to identify aspects that represent major areas of concern. Officers affirm that traffic laws question traffic safety, for instance with regard to speed and speed limits, or elderly drivers. Specific recommendations for changes in transport policies are made, and results are discussed in the context of their implications for road safety and the European Union's Road Safety Programme.

  • 7.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University ; Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.
    Fichert, Frank
    Worms Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Forsyth, Peter
    Southern Cross Univ, Australia.
    Subsidies in Aviation2017In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 8, article id 1295Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Relatively little attention has been paid to the existence of subsidies in aviation. As the sector's importance for economic development is often highlighted, this paper seeks to provide a conceptual overview of the various forms of subsidies in aviation, as a contribution to a more holistic understanding of economic interrelationships. Based on a purposive sampling strategy, existing forms of subsidies are identified and categorized along the value chain. Focus is on industrialized countries, for which more information is available. Results indicate that significant subsidies are extended to manufacturers, infrastructure providers and airlines. These contribute to global economic growth related to aviation, but they also influence capacity in global aviation markets, strengthen the market position of individual airlines, and create conflicts between airlines and the countries they are based in. While the actual scale of subsidies cannot be determined within the scope of this paper, it provides a discussion of options to empirically assess the effects of aviation subsidies on market outcomes. Finally, general conclusions regarding the impact of subsidies on the overall sustainability of the air transport sector are drawn: These include rapidly growing capacity in the aviation system, economic vulnerabilities, and negative climate change related impacts. Results call for a better understanding of the distribution, character and implications of subsidies.

  • 8.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Res Inst, Norway;Lund University.
    Humpe, Andreas
    Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Litman, Todd
    Victoria Transport Policy Inst, Canada.
    Metzler, Daniel
    Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Effects of Perceived Traffic Risks, Noise, and Exhaust Smells on Bicyclist Behaviour: An Economic Evaluation2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 1-15, article id 408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Active mode (walking, bicycling, and their variants) users are exposed to various negative externalities from motor vehicle traffic, including injury risks, noise, and air pollutants. This directly harms the users of these modes and discourages their use, creating a self-reinforcing cycle of less active travel, more motorized travel, and more harmful effects. These impacts are widely recognized but seldom quantified. This study evaluates these impacts and their consequences by measuring the additional distances that bicyclists travel in order to avoid roads with heavy motor vehicle traffic, based on a sample of German-Austrian bicycle organization members (n = 491), and monetizes the incremental costs. The results indicate that survey respondents cycle an average 6.4% longer distances to avoid traffic impacts, including injury risks, air, and noise pollution. Using standard monetization methods, these detours are estimated to impose private costs of at least Euro0.24/cycle-km, plus increased external costs when travellers shift from non-motorized to motorized modes. Conventional transport planning tends to overlook these impacts, resulting in overinvestment in roadway expansions and underinvestments in other types of transport improvements, including sidewalks, crosswalks, bikelanes, paths, traffic calming, and speed reductions. These insights should have importance for transport planning and economics.

  • 9.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand ; Univ Oulu, Finland ; Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Dayal, Natasha
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Majstorovic, Dea
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Mills, Hamish
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Paul-Andrews, Leroy
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Wallace, Chloe
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Truong, Van Dao
    Accommodation Consumers and Providers' Attitudes, Behaviours and Practices for Sustainability: A Systematic Review2016In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 8, no 7, article id 625Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accommodation and lodging are an integral component of the tourism and hospitality industry. Given the sectors' growing contribution to resource consumption and waste, there is a growing body of literature on the attitudes, behaviours and practices of consumers, managers, staff and owners of lodging with respect to sustainability. This paper presents the results of a systematic analysis of articles on attitudes, behaviours and practices of consumers and the provision of accommodation with respect to sustainability. The results indicate that there is a dearth of longitudinal studies on the sustainability of practices and behaviours. There are limitations in geographical coverage as well as methods, with research dominated by convenience sampling approaches. It is concluded that while there appear to be improvements in the potential sustainability of lodging with respect to technological approaches, the lack of systematic long-term studies on behavioural interventions represents a significant challenge to reducing the absolute emissions of the sector as well as reductions in energy and water use and waste production. Given the lack of longitudinal studies, it is not known whether observed behavioural changes are sustained over time.

  • 10.
    Karlsson, Hyunjoo Kim
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Li, Yushu
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The Causal Nexus between Oil Prices, Interest Rates, and Unemployment in Norway Using Wavelet Methods2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 8, p. 1-15, article id 2792Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper applies wavelet multi-resolution analysis (MRA), combined with two types of causality tests, to investigate causal relationships between three variables: real oil price, real interest rate, and unemployment in Norway. Impulse response functions were also utilised to examine effects of innovation in one variable on the other variables. We found that causal relations between the variables tend to be stronger as the wavelet time scale increases; specifically, there were no causal relationships between the variables at the lowest time scales of one to three months. A causal relationship between unemployment rate and interest rate was observed during the period of two quarters to two years, during which time a feedback mechanism was also detected between unemployment and interest rate. Causal relationships between oil price and both interest rate and unemployment were observed at the longest time scale of eight quarters. In conjunction with Granger causality analysis, impulse response functions showed that unemployment rates in Norway respond negatively to oil price shocks around two years after the shocks occur. As an oil exporting country, increases (or decreases) in oil prices reduce (or increase) unemployment in Norway under a time horizon of about two years; previous studies focused on oil importing economies have generally found the inverse to be true. Unlike most studies in this field, we decomposed the implicit aggregation for all time scales by applying MRA with a focus on the Norwegian economy. Thus, one main contribution of this paper is that we unveil and systematically distinguish the nature of the time-scale dependent relationship between real oil price, real interest rate, and unemployment using wavelet decomposition.

  • 11.
    Kemper, Joya A.
    et al.
    Univ Auckland, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Ballantine, Paul W.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Marketing and Sustainability: Business as Usual or Changing Worldviews?2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 3, article id 780Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Marketing, and the business schools within which most marketing academics and researchers work, have a fraught relationship with sustainability. Marketing is typically regarded as encouraging overconsumption and contributing to global change yet, simultaneously, it is also promoted as a means to enable sustainable consumption. Based on a critical review of the literature, the paper responds to the need to better understand the underpinnings of marketing worldviews with respect to sustainability. The paper discusses the concept of worldviews and their transformation, sustainability's articulation in marketing and business schools, and the implications of the market logic dominance in faculty mind-sets. This is timely given that business schools are increasingly positioning themselves as a positive contributor to sustainability. Institutional barriers, specifically within universities, business schools, and the marketing discipline, are identified as affecting the ability to effect bottom-up' change. It is concluded that if institutions, including disciplines and business schools, remain wedded to assumptions regarding the compatibility between the environment and economic growth and acceptance of market forces then the development of alternative perspectives on sustainability remains highly problematic.

  • 12.
    Kordestani, Arash
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics. Södertörn University.
    Exclude me not: the untold story of immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden2017In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 9, p. 1-22, article id 1584Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the perspectives of immigrant entrepreneurs on the barriers they face regarding their inclusion in public procurement in Sweden through the so-called supplier diversity programs. Drawing upon modern stakeholder theory and transaction cost economics, this study aims to identify potential barriers such entrepreneurs face in succeeding as suppliers to the public sector. Data were collected through interviews with immigrant entrepreneurs who had experience with the public procurement tender process in Sweden. The results reveal that immigrant entrepreneurs doing business with public procurement face several barriers, ranging from economic to social ones such as information, advertising, human resources, and undercapitalization. The interviewees believe that such barriers weaken their performance and hinder their success in public procurement tenders. When it comes to supplier diversity programs, the entrepreneurs under study were either unaware of such programs in public procurement in Sweden or did not believe in their effectiveness.

  • 13.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Built Environment and Energy Technology. KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Luukkanen, Jyrki
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH-Royal Institute of Technology.
    Kaivo-oja, Jari
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Evaluating Synergies and Trade-Offs among Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Explorative Analyses of Development Paths in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 3, article id 815Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the linkages between multiple targets of Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) may help to integrate different sectoral programmes and develop coherent cross-sectoralpolicy to explore synergies. Synergy is interaction among two or more actions, which will lead toan impact greater or less than the sum of individual effects. Therefore, synergy can be positive ornegative (trade-off). This paper aims at developing an analytical framework to evaluate sectorallinkages and examine potential synergies and trade-offs among various SDGs’ goals and targets.Synergies and trade-offs related to energy access (SDG7), clean water and sanitation access (SDG6),food security and sustainable agriculture (SDG2) and poverty alleviation (SDG1) have been evaluatedfrom the perspective of developing countries using examples from South Asia (Bangladesh, Nepal,and Sri Lanka) and Sub-Saharan Africa (Ghana, Ethiopia and Rwanda), and historical data for theperiod between 1990 and 2012. The analytical framework includes both qualitative and quantitativemethods. Network analysis technique has been used for exploring the conceptual linkage amongdifferent indicators, and capturing the targets associated with SDGs. Advanced SustainabilityAnalysis (ASA) developed under the European framework programme has been used for quantifyingthe synergies and trade-offs among sustainability indicators. The analysis showed strong synergyamong various SDG targets. Interestingly, the potential synergy differs from country to countryand over time. Ghana and Sri Lanka had relatively higher potential synergy, whereas Rwanda andNepal had relatively lower potential synergy among the various targets. Higher synergy valueswere evidenced in those cases where the policy have recognized and emphasized on linkages amongcross-sectoral targets.

  • 14.
    Maletič, Damjan
    et al.
    University of Maribor, Slovenia.
    Maletič, Matjaž
    University of Maribor, Slovenia.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Gomišček, Boštjan
    University of Wollongong, Dubai.
    Development of a model linking physical asset management to sustainability performance: An empirical research2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 12, article id 4759Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is aimed at exploring the relationship between physical asset management (PAM)practices and sustainability performance. A framework of interrelated constructs was developed basedon the existing literature and consequently tested through empirical study. Survey data were collectedfrom organizations operating in six European countries (i.e., Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia,Sweden, and Turkey) and analyzed using Partial Least Squares Path Modeling (PLS-PM). The resultsoffer support for the proposed hypotheses, showing that PAM practices positively influence thesustainability performance outcomes, namely economic, environmental, and employee-related socialperformance. Overall, this study demonstrates that a PAM framework can be conceptualized byfour sub-constructs, namely physical asset risk management, physical asset performance assessment,physical asset lifecycle management, and physical asset policy and strategy. Finally, this studybrings to light some theoretical and managerial implications as well as directions for future research.The findings of the study underscore PAM areas in which managers should focus on in order tooptimize costs, performance, and risk exposures concerning the physical assets, and therefore enhancesustainability performance.

  • 15.
    Martinez-Climent, Carla
    et al.
    Univ Valencia, Spain.
    Costa-Climent, Ricardo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Informatics.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University.
    Sustainable Financing through Crowdfunding2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 3, article id 934Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of crowdfunding has been widely studied, while the sustainability of crowdfunded ventures is attracting growing interest from academia and society. In light of this interest, we conducted bibliometric analysis to study the relationship between crowdfunding and crowdfunded ventures' sustainability orientation. We analyzed the number of publications, type of publications, and most productive countries, journals, and authors. We also analyzed the most cited articles and examined their approach to sustainability and crowdfunding. The results suggested that a sustainability orientation could bring about change in the current financial and environmental system.

  • 16.
    Månsson, Kristofer
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Kibria, B. M. Golam
    Florida International University, USA.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping University.
    Sjölander, Pär
    Jönköping University.
    On the Estimation of the CO2 Emission, Economic Growth and Energy Consumption Nexus Using Dynamic OLS in the Presence of Multicollinearity2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 5, article id 1315Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces shrinkage estimators (Ridge DOLS) for the dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS) cointegration estimator, which extends the model for use in the presence of multicollinearity between the explanatory variables in the cointegration vector. Both analytically and by using simulation techniques, we conclude that our new Ridge DOLS approach exhibits lower mean square errors (MSE) than the traditional DOLS method. Therefore, based on the MSE performance criteria, our Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate that our new method outperforms the DOLS under empirically relevant magnitudes of multicollinearity. Moreover, we show the advantages of this new method by more accurately estimating the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC), where the income and squared income are related to carbon dioxide emissions. Furthermore, we also illustrate the practical use of the method when augmenting the EKC curve with energy consumption. In summary, regardless of whether we use analytical, simulation-based, or empirical approaches, we can consistently conclude that it is possible to estimate these types of relationships in a considerably more accurate manner using our newly suggested method.

  • 17.
    Natalini, Davide
    et al.
    Anglia Ruskin University, UK.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Encouraging Sustainable Transport Choices in American Households: Results from an Empirically Grounded  Agent-Based Model2014In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 50-69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The transport sector needs to go through an extended process of decarbonisation to counter the threat of climate change. Unfortunately, the International Energy Agency forecasts an enormous growth in the number of cars and greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Two issues can thus be identified: (1) the need for a new methodology that could evaluate the policy performances ex-ante and (2) the need for more effective policies. To help address these issues, we developed an Agent-Based Model called Mobility USA aimed at: (1) testing whether this could be an effective approach in analysing ex-ante policy implementation in the transport sector; and (2) evaluating the effects of alternative policy scenarios on commuting behaviours in the USA. Particularly, we tested the effects of two sets of policies, namely market-based and preference-change ones. The model results suggest that this type of agent-based approach will provide a useful tool for testing policy interventions and their effectiveness.

  • 18.
    Natalini, Davide
    et al.
    Anglia Ruskin University, UK.
    Jones, Aled W.
    Anglia Ruskin University, UK.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Quantitative Assessment of Political Fragility Indices and Food Prices as Indicators of Food Riots in Countries2015In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 4360-4385Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of resources on social unrest is of increasing interest to politicalleaders, business and civil society. Recent events have highlighted that (lack of) access tocritical resources, including food, energy and water, can, in certain circumstances, lead toviolent demonstrations. In this paper, we assess a number of political fragility indices tosee whether they are good indicators of propensity to food riots. We found that the mostaccurate is the Political Instability and Absence of Violence Indicator of the WorldwideGovernance Indicators by the World Bank. We compute a likelihood of experiencing afood riot for each quartile of this index. We found that the self-sufficiency of food does notseem to affect the likelihood of the occurrence of food riots, but that the level of politicalstability of a country does have a role. In addition, we identify a monthly and annualthreshold for the Food and Agriculture Organisation Food Price Index, above which foodriots in fragile states are more likely to occur.

  • 19.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    et al.
    Södertörn University.
    Mostaghel, Rana
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Marketing.
    Circular business model challenges and lessons learned: an industrial perspective2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 30, p. 1-19, article id 739Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both practitioners and researchers are concerned about resource deficiencies on the planet earth and agree that circular business models (CBMs) represent solutions to move towards zero waste, improving environmental impacts and increasing economic profit. Despite all of the benefits of CBMs, the implications are not widely available, and failure rates are high. Thus, there is a need to identify the obstacles that stand in the way of CBM transition. This paper aims to identify the primary challenges of CBMs. Multiple case studies are employed, incorporating six companies and data gleaned from 17 in-depth interviews. Theoretical and managerial implications are described at the end of the study.

  • 20.
    Persdotter Isaksson, Maria
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Hulthén, Hana
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Environmentally Sustainable Logistics Performance Management Process Integration between Buyers and 3PLs2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 11, p. 1-19, article id 3061Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To ensure environmentally sustainable logistics, organizations need to have anenvironmentally sustainable logistics performance management (ESLPM) process. In line withsupply chain management (SCM) literature, there is a desire towards integrating processes withsupply chain partners to increase performance. The purpose of this paper is to propose a frameworkfor ESLPM process integration and to illustrate this framework in practice between buyers andthird-party logistics (3PLs) providers. The method used is multiple case studies of three dyads of3PLs and buyers from the public and private sector. Data were collected through 10 semi-structuredinterviews. Our major result is a proposed framework with criteria for the degree of ESLPM processintegration between buyers and 3PLs. It includes six activities: Selecting environmentally sustainablelogistics performance (ESLP) variables, defining ESLP metrics, setting ESLP targets, measuring ESLPmetrics, ESLPM feedback, and analyzing ESLP outcomes and processes. It considers suggestedoperationalization of each activity and the corresponding degree of integration. The framework canprovide guidelines for practitioners in identifying current degree of process integration. It may alsosupport decisions regarding actions needed to advance to a higher degree. This framework is the first toaddress logistics performance management process integration including environmental sustainability

  • 21.
    Saethorsdottir, Anna Dora
    et al.
    Univ Iceland, Iceland.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Stefansson, Thorkell
    Univ Iceland, Iceland.
    Senses by Seasons: Tourists' Perceptions Depending on Seasonality in Popular Nature Destinations in Iceland2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 11, article id UNSP 3059Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonality in visitor arrivals is one of the greatest challenges faced by tourist destinations. Seasonality is a major issue for sustainable tourism as it affects the optimal use of investment and infrastructure, puts pressure on resources and can create negative experience of crowding at destinations. Peripheral areas commonly experience more pronounced fluctuations in visitor arrivals. Iceland is one of those destinations. Although the number of tourists visiting the country has multiplied in recent years, seasonality is still a major challenge, especially in the more rural peripheral areas of the country. Iceland's high season for tourism occurs during its brief summer (June to August), but in recent years more people visit the country on shorter winter trips, creating new management challenges. This research is based on an on-site questionnaire survey conducted in seven popular nature destinations in Iceland which compares the experience of summer and winter visitors. The results show that winter visitors are more satisfied with the natural environment while their satisfaction with facilities and service is in many cases lower. The areas are generally perceived as being more beautiful and quieter in winter than in summer. However, most destinations are considered less accessible and less safe in the winter. Tourists are much less likely to experience physical crowding during winter, although winter visitors are more sensitive to crowds, most likely because of expectations of fewer tourists. Finally, this research shows that tourists are less likely to encounter negative effects of tourism on the environment in the winter, (e.g., erosion or damage to rocks and vegetation), than in summer. The results highlight the importance of understanding visitor perceptions in a seasonal and temporal context.

  • 22.
    Woosnam, Kyle M.
    et al.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Jagiellonian Univ, Poland.
    Nisbett, Gwendelyn S.
    Univ North Texas, USA.
    Keith, Samuel J.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Examining Millennials' Global Citizenship Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions to Engage in Environmental Volunteering2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 8, article id 2324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Volunteering for nature conservation has become an important resource in solving local environmental problems of global importance. The study at hand assessed how well millennials' global citizenship attitudes explain their behavioral intentions to engage in volunteer projects, as well as how prior experience of volunteering in environmental projects affects millennials' global citizenship attitudes. Those who reported past participation in this type of volunteer experience were generally more inclined to partake in future environmental volunteering than those without prior experience. Likewise, for those with prior experience, global citizen factors played a greater role in intentions to experience environmental volunteering. This study makes valuable contributions to the literature surrounding nature conservation, as it illustrates that millennials' global citizenship attitudes predict participation in environmental volunteering. This work concludes with insights concerning what programs (that provide millennials with opportunities to fulfill environmental duties associated with their global environmental citizenship) can do to provide a more valuable experience for young volunteers.

1 - 22 of 22
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