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  • 1.
    Alpenberg, Jan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Wnuk-Pel, Tomasz
    University of Lodz, Polen.
    Henebäck, Amanda
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Environmental orientation in Swedish local governments2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 2, s. 1-20, artikkel-id 459Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the environmental orientation in Swedish local governments. Environmental concerns over potential risk factors have become more important and popular among public organizations and environmental improvement efforts are made to create a sustainable ecosystem for the actors doing business, living and working in the area. Prior research indicates that public organizations have started to become more environmentally oriented in order to take on more responsibilities for reducing their own environmental impact as well as influencing the citizens and local businesses in the direction of a more sustainable way of living and working.

    Through a survey to Swedish local government we conclude that they are taking on a key role in developing a sustainable ecosystem through becoming more environmentally oriented. This includes developing a framework for setting environmental goals, identifying suitable environmental indicators and reporting to a wide range of stakeholders. A factor that is explaining the increasing environmental orientation in the public sector is the implementation of digitalized performance measurement systems. We find that the environmental performance measurements are used to motivate different internal and external stakeholders in the efforts to create a multi-actor ecosystem.  

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 2.
    Baird, Tim
    et al.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Castka, Pavel
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    New Zealand Winegrowers Attitudes and Behaviours towards Wine Tourism and Sustainable Winegrowing2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 3, artikkel-id 797Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    There are significant economic, environmental, social, and marketing issues that exist from the supply-side perspective in response to sustainability. This study examines New Zealand winegrowers in terms of their attitudes and behaviours towards wine tourism and sustainable wine production. A national survey was conducted at the end of 2015, which was the fourth such survey to be undertaken as part of a longitudinal study of wine tourism in New Zealand. This survey drew on issues of wine and biosecurity, climate change, and eco-labelling, as well as wine tourism. These issues were examined within the context of three key drivers of sustainability: the physical aspects of sustainable wine production, the internal drivers within wine businesses for the adoption of sustainable practices, and the external regulatory aspects that govern the adoption of sustainable wine production practices. The findings indicate that there were substantial concerns with the perceived value provided by both wine tourism and sustainable winegrowing practices. These concerns exist at both the firm level and with the governing bodies that are responsible for implementing sustainable winegrowing initiatives. Unless this perception of the value of sustainability within the New Zealand wine industry is altered in the future, it appears that there will continue to be an ongoing issue as to how sustainable winegrowing initiatives are implemented.

  • 3.
    Bausch, Thomas
    et al.
    Free Univ Bozen Bolzano, Italy.
    Humpe, Andreas
    Munich Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Lund University, Sweden;Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.
    Does Climate Change Influence Guest Loyalty at Alpine Winter Destinations?2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 15, s. 1-22, artikkel-id 4233Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has dealt extensively with different aspects of climate change and winter tourism such as the impact on ski resorts and ski lift operators, adaptation strategies, governance at destinations and reactions of winter sports guests to changing snow conditions. This paper goes deeper into the question of destination choice and examines the role of climate change among the many factors affecting guest loyalty at Alpine winter destinations. The study uses an established destination choice model with choice sets, destination image and dynamic feedback loop. A qualitative online forum identifies factors influencing winter destination choice, followed by a quantitative survey which compares Alpine winter holidaymakers categorised as loyal, disloyal and undecided. The results demonstrate that climate change clearly influences destination choice, but snow sports are not the only affected attractors. Enjoyment of the natural environment and value for money are just as high on the list of guest motivators. This indicates that climate change adaptation measures such as snowmaking can be counterproductive to guest loyalty because they spoil the natural scenery and raise prices. The paper concludes with a recommendation for winter destinations to prioritize conservation of the natural environment and integrate more environmental protection measures into their management strategies.

  • 4.
    Björklund, Maria
    et al.
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Challenges Addressed by Swedish Third-Party Logistics Providers Conducting Sustainable Logistics Business Cases2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 9, s. 1-15, artikkel-id 2654Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sustainable logistics business case (SLBC) provides underlying argumentation to convince decision makers to approve initiatives within sustainablelogistics. Little knowledge exists on how companies conduct SLBCs or the challenges that need to be addressed. The purpose of this paper is to explore how companies conduct SLBCs, to increase the understanding of how perceived challenges can be addressed. Potential challenges were identified in literature on business cases models in general and sustainable logistics business cases. As third-party logistics providers (3PL) are big contributors to emissions and often are responsible for designing logistics setups, they were focused in the empirical study. How SLBC were conducted was investigated based on interviews with managers responsible for conducting SLBCs and the responses triangulated with information derived from actual business cases. Despite the careful selection of 3PLs well ahead within the area, few challenges were perceived by the studied companies. This does not imply that challenges do not exist but can rather be described as a consequence of their pragmatic and inward-looking perspective. Examples of how to address challenges are provided. The compiled list of SLBC challenges provides an overview that was missing in literature.

  • 5.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Lund University;Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.
    Police Perspectives on Road Safety and Transport Politics in Germany2017Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, nr 10, artikkel-id 1771Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Road safety is a key concern of transport governance. In the European Union, a Road Safety Programme was adopted in 2011, with the objective to reduce road deaths in Europe by 50% in the period from 2011 to 2020. Evidence suggests, however, that this goal will not be met. Against this background, this paper investigates police perspectives on traffic laws, traffic behaviour, and transport policy. Police officers working with road safety are in a unique position to evaluate and judge the efficiency of road safety policies, as they record traffic offences, fine, investigate, and witness in court. Geographically, focus is on transport policy in Germany, a country with a dense road network, high levels of car ownership, and a large number of car manufacturers. A total of 14 semi-structured interviews were carried out with police officers in a wide variety of positions within the traffic police in Freiburg. Thematic analysis is used to analyse content and to identify aspects that represent major areas of concern. Officers affirm that traffic laws question traffic safety, for instance with regard to speed and speed limits, or elderly drivers. Specific recommendations for changes in transport policies are made, and results are discussed in the context of their implications for road safety and the European Union's Road Safety Programme.

  • 6.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Lund University ; Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.
    Fichert, Frank
    Worms Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Forsyth, Peter
    Southern Cross Univ, Australia.
    Subsidies in Aviation2017Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, nr 8, artikkel-id 1295Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Relatively little attention has been paid to the existence of subsidies in aviation. As the sector's importance for economic development is often highlighted, this paper seeks to provide a conceptual overview of the various forms of subsidies in aviation, as a contribution to a more holistic understanding of economic interrelationships. Based on a purposive sampling strategy, existing forms of subsidies are identified and categorized along the value chain. Focus is on industrialized countries, for which more information is available. Results indicate that significant subsidies are extended to manufacturers, infrastructure providers and airlines. These contribute to global economic growth related to aviation, but they also influence capacity in global aviation markets, strengthen the market position of individual airlines, and create conflicts between airlines and the countries they are based in. While the actual scale of subsidies cannot be determined within the scope of this paper, it provides a discussion of options to empirically assess the effects of aviation subsidies on market outcomes. Finally, general conclusions regarding the impact of subsidies on the overall sustainability of the air transport sector are drawn: These include rapidly growing capacity in the aviation system, economic vulnerabilities, and negative climate change related impacts. Results call for a better understanding of the distribution, character and implications of subsidies.

  • 7.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Western Norway Res Inst, Norway;Lund University.
    Humpe, Andreas
    Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Litman, Todd
    Victoria Transport Policy Inst, Canada.
    Metzler, Daniel
    Univ Appl Sci, Germany.
    Effects of Perceived Traffic Risks, Noise, and Exhaust Smells on Bicyclist Behaviour: An Economic Evaluation2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 1-15, artikkel-id 408Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Active mode (walking, bicycling, and their variants) users are exposed to various negative externalities from motor vehicle traffic, including injury risks, noise, and air pollutants. This directly harms the users of these modes and discourages their use, creating a self-reinforcing cycle of less active travel, more motorized travel, and more harmful effects. These impacts are widely recognized but seldom quantified. This study evaluates these impacts and their consequences by measuring the additional distances that bicyclists travel in order to avoid roads with heavy motor vehicle traffic, based on a sample of German-Austrian bicycle organization members (n = 491), and monetizes the incremental costs. The results indicate that survey respondents cycle an average 6.4% longer distances to avoid traffic impacts, including injury risks, air, and noise pollution. Using standard monetization methods, these detours are estimated to impose private costs of at least Euro0.24/cycle-km, plus increased external costs when travellers shift from non-motorized to motorized modes. Conventional transport planning tends to overlook these impacts, resulting in overinvestment in roadway expansions and underinvestments in other types of transport improvements, including sidewalks, crosswalks, bikelanes, paths, traffic calming, and speed reductions. These insights should have importance for transport planning and economics.

  • 8.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Univ Canterbury, New Zealand ; Univ Oulu, Finland ; Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Dayal, Natasha
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Majstorovic, Dea
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Mills, Hamish
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Paul-Andrews, Leroy
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Wallace, Chloe
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Truong, Van Dao
    Accommodation Consumers and Providers' Attitudes, Behaviours and Practices for Sustainability: A Systematic Review2016Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 8, nr 7, artikkel-id 625Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Accommodation and lodging are an integral component of the tourism and hospitality industry. Given the sectors' growing contribution to resource consumption and waste, there is a growing body of literature on the attitudes, behaviours and practices of consumers, managers, staff and owners of lodging with respect to sustainability. This paper presents the results of a systematic analysis of articles on attitudes, behaviours and practices of consumers and the provision of accommodation with respect to sustainability. The results indicate that there is a dearth of longitudinal studies on the sustainability of practices and behaviours. There are limitations in geographical coverage as well as methods, with research dominated by convenience sampling approaches. It is concluded that while there appear to be improvements in the potential sustainability of lodging with respect to technological approaches, the lack of systematic long-term studies on behavioural interventions represents a significant challenge to reducing the absolute emissions of the sector as well as reductions in energy and water use and waste production. Given the lack of longitudinal studies, it is not known whether observed behavioural changes are sustained over time.

  • 9.
    Hedin, Björn
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DM).
    What Can You Do with 100 kWh?: A Longitudinal Study of Using an Interactive Energy Comparison Tool to Increase Energy Awareness2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 7, artikkel-id 2269Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Reducing the use of energy is important for several reasons, such as saving money and reducing impact on the climate. However, the awareness among non-experts of how much energy is required by different activities and appliances is generally low, which can lead to wrong prioritizations. In this study, we have developed an interactive tool to increase “energy awareness”, and performed a longitudinal study to evaluate its effect. A group of 58 students first did a test to benchmark their current energy awareness, where their current knowledge of energy used for 14 different activities, such as driving vehicles and using home appliances, was measured. They then tried the interactive learning tool for 10 min. Next, they did the same test immediately after trying the tool, then again one week after trying the tool, and finally again six months after trying the tool. The results showed a significant learning effect in energy awareness with a “huge” effect size of 2.25 immediately after the intervention, a “very large” effect size of 1.70 after one week, and a “large” effect size of 0.93 after six months. The results further showed that the respondents consistently underestimated what 100 kWh could be used for, and especially so for appliances and activities requiring little energy. Before the intervention, on average they underestimated how much 100 kWh could be used for by 95.2%, and six months after the intervention the underestimation was 86.8%.

  • 10.
    Karlsson, Hyunjoo Kim
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Li, Yushu
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    The Causal Nexus between Oil Prices, Interest Rates, and Unemployment in Norway Using Wavelet Methods2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 8, s. 1-15, artikkel-id 2792Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper applies wavelet multi-resolution analysis (MRA), combined with two types of causality tests, to investigate causal relationships between three variables: real oil price, real interest rate, and unemployment in Norway. Impulse response functions were also utilised to examine effects of innovation in one variable on the other variables. We found that causal relations between the variables tend to be stronger as the wavelet time scale increases; specifically, there were no causal relationships between the variables at the lowest time scales of one to three months. A causal relationship between unemployment rate and interest rate was observed during the period of two quarters to two years, during which time a feedback mechanism was also detected between unemployment and interest rate. Causal relationships between oil price and both interest rate and unemployment were observed at the longest time scale of eight quarters. In conjunction with Granger causality analysis, impulse response functions showed that unemployment rates in Norway respond negatively to oil price shocks around two years after the shocks occur. As an oil exporting country, increases (or decreases) in oil prices reduce (or increase) unemployment in Norway under a time horizon of about two years; previous studies focused on oil importing economies have generally found the inverse to be true. Unlike most studies in this field, we decomposed the implicit aggregation for all time scales by applying MRA with a focus on the Norwegian economy. Thus, one main contribution of this paper is that we unveil and systematically distinguish the nature of the time-scale dependent relationship between real oil price, real interest rate, and unemployment using wavelet decomposition.

  • 11.
    Kemper, Joya A.
    et al.
    Univ Auckland, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Ballantine, Paul W.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Marketing and Sustainability: Business as Usual or Changing Worldviews?2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 3, artikkel-id 780Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Marketing, and the business schools within which most marketing academics and researchers work, have a fraught relationship with sustainability. Marketing is typically regarded as encouraging overconsumption and contributing to global change yet, simultaneously, it is also promoted as a means to enable sustainable consumption. Based on a critical review of the literature, the paper responds to the need to better understand the underpinnings of marketing worldviews with respect to sustainability. The paper discusses the concept of worldviews and their transformation, sustainability's articulation in marketing and business schools, and the implications of the market logic dominance in faculty mind-sets. This is timely given that business schools are increasingly positioning themselves as a positive contributor to sustainability. Institutional barriers, specifically within universities, business schools, and the marketing discipline, are identified as affecting the ability to effect bottom-up' change. It is concluded that if institutions, including disciplines and business schools, remain wedded to assumptions regarding the compatibility between the environment and economic growth and acceptance of market forces then the development of alternative perspectives on sustainability remains highly problematic.

  • 12.
    Kim, Myung Ja
    et al.
    Kyung Hee Univ, South Korea.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Can Climate Change Awareness Predict Pro-Environmental Practices in Restaurants?: Comparing High and Low Dining Expenditure2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 23, s. 1-20, artikkel-id 6777Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to develop a better understanding of what makes consumers reduce waste in order to address climate change, particularly when dining out. To accomplish this goal, this research constructs an extended theory of planned behavior model, using four main constructs of attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention and incorporating climate change awareness and mitigation pursuing actions, anticipated pride and guilt, and high and low levels of dining expenses. An online survey was conducted of 482 respondents aged 20 years old or over who had dined in restaurants in the previous month in 2019. A partial least squares-structural (PLS) equation modeling analysis has been utilized with multi-group analysis. Results reveal that climate change awareness has significant effects on attitude and behavior intention, and climate change mitigation pursuing actions positively influence attitude and behavioral intention to reduce waste. Consumers' anticipated emotions lead to their behavioral intention. Diners' behavioral intention to reduce waste is significantly influenced by their attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control on waste reduction in restaurants. The levels of dining expenses significantly moderate seven out of nine hypotheses. Research on consumers' waste reduction in relation to climate change is not sufficiently conducted in the foodservice sector. Using an extended theory of planned behavior (TPB) to understand diner behavior related to waste reduction and climate change, this study therefore makes an important contribution to improving sustainability in foodservices, especially in the Asian context.

  • 13.
    Kim, Myung Ja
    et al.
    Kyung Hee Univ, South Korea.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Lund University Campus Helsingborg, Sweden.
    Can Co-Creation and Crowdfunding Types Predict Funder Behavior?: An Extended Model of Goal-Directed Behavior2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 24, s. 1-23, artikkel-id 7061Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdfunding is an emerging means for financing by small and medium-sized enterprises or individuals to attract capital from investors who look to obtain products, services, and/or equity in the future. Co-creation in crowdfunding projects substantially influences sponsors' behavior, playing a critical role in crowdfunding performance. Despite the significance of co-creation in crowdfunding, research from the leisure and tourism fields has been largely neglected in terms of theory-based models of co-creation. To address this gap, the goal of this work is to study the effects of co-creation on the extended model of goal-directed behavior, along with the moderator of crowdfunding types. To do this, an online survey was conducted on crowdfunders in South Korea and partial least squares (PLS)-structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied to analyze the collected data. Results reveal that co-creation considerably leads to attitude towards, as well as behavior in relation to, crowdfunding participation. Funders' attitude and positive and negative anticipated emotion also significantly influence desire to participate in crowdfunding. Behavioral intention is highly affected by perceived behavioral control as well as desire. Reward and investment types significantly moderate eight relationships in the research model. Hence, this study contributes to crowdfunding research and stakeholders in the visitor economy sectors.

  • 14.
    Kordestani, Arash
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Sattari, Setayesh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF).
    Peighambari, Kaveh
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF).
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO). Södertörn University.
    Exclude me not: the untold story of immigrant entrepreneurs in Sweden2017Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, nr 9, s. 1-22, artikkel-id 1584Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the perspectives of immigrant entrepreneurs on the barriers they face regarding their inclusion in public procurement in Sweden through the so-called supplier diversity programs. Drawing upon modern stakeholder theory and transaction cost economics, this study aims to identify potential barriers such entrepreneurs face in succeeding as suppliers to the public sector. Data were collected through interviews with immigrant entrepreneurs who had experience with the public procurement tender process in Sweden. The results reveal that immigrant entrepreneurs doing business with public procurement face several barriers, ranging from economic to social ones such as information, advertising, human resources, and undercapitalization. The interviewees believe that such barriers weaken their performance and hinder their success in public procurement tenders. When it comes to supplier diversity programs, the entrepreneurs under study were either unaware of such programs in public procurement in Sweden or did not believe in their effectiveness.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 15.
    Mainali, Brijesh
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggd miljö och energiteknik (BET). KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Luukkanen, Jyrki
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Silveira, Semida
    KTH-Royal Institute of Technology.
    Kaivo-oja, Jari
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Evaluating Synergies and Trade-Offs among Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): Explorative Analyses of Development Paths in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 3, artikkel-id 815Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the linkages between multiple targets of Sustainable Development Goals(SDGs) may help to integrate different sectoral programmes and develop coherent cross-sectoralpolicy to explore synergies. Synergy is interaction among two or more actions, which will lead toan impact greater or less than the sum of individual effects. Therefore, synergy can be positive ornegative (trade-off). This paper aims at developing an analytical framework to evaluate sectorallinkages and examine potential synergies and trade-offs among various SDGs’ goals and targets.Synergies and trade-offs related to energy access (SDG7), clean water and sanitation access (SDG6),food security and sustainable agriculture (SDG2) and poverty alleviation (SDG1) have been evaluatedfrom the perspective of developing countries using examples from South Asia (Bangladesh, Nepal,and Sri Lanka) and Sub-Saharan Africa (Ghana, Ethiopia and Rwanda), and historical data for theperiod between 1990 and 2012. The analytical framework includes both qualitative and quantitativemethods. Network analysis technique has been used for exploring the conceptual linkage amongdifferent indicators, and capturing the targets associated with SDGs. Advanced SustainabilityAnalysis (ASA) developed under the European framework programme has been used for quantifyingthe synergies and trade-offs among sustainability indicators. The analysis showed strong synergyamong various SDG targets. Interestingly, the potential synergy differs from country to countryand over time. Ghana and Sri Lanka had relatively higher potential synergy, whereas Rwanda andNepal had relatively lower potential synergy among the various targets. Higher synergy valueswere evidenced in those cases where the policy have recognized and emphasized on linkages amongcross-sectoral targets.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 16.
    Maletič, Damjan
    et al.
    University of Maribor, Slovenia.
    Maletič, Matjaž
    University of Maribor, Slovenia.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Gomišček, Boštjan
    University of Wollongong, Dubai.
    Development of a model linking physical asset management to sustainability performance: An empirical research2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 12, artikkel-id 4759Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is aimed at exploring the relationship between physical asset management (PAM)practices and sustainability performance. A framework of interrelated constructs was developed basedon the existing literature and consequently tested through empirical study. Survey data were collectedfrom organizations operating in six European countries (i.e., Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia,Sweden, and Turkey) and analyzed using Partial Least Squares Path Modeling (PLS-PM). The resultsoffer support for the proposed hypotheses, showing that PAM practices positively influence thesustainability performance outcomes, namely economic, environmental, and employee-related socialperformance. Overall, this study demonstrates that a PAM framework can be conceptualized byfour sub-constructs, namely physical asset risk management, physical asset performance assessment,physical asset lifecycle management, and physical asset policy and strategy. Finally, this studybrings to light some theoretical and managerial implications as well as directions for future research.The findings of the study underscore PAM areas in which managers should focus on in order tooptimize costs, performance, and risk exposures concerning the physical assets, and therefore enhancesustainability performance.

  • 17.
    Martinez-Climent, Carla
    et al.
    Univ Valencia, Spain.
    Costa-Climent, Ricardo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University.
    Sustainable Financing through Crowdfunding2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 3, artikkel-id 934Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of crowdfunding has been widely studied, while the sustainability of crowdfunded ventures is attracting growing interest from academia and society. In light of this interest, we conducted bibliometric analysis to study the relationship between crowdfunding and crowdfunded ventures' sustainability orientation. We analyzed the number of publications, type of publications, and most productive countries, journals, and authors. We also analyzed the most cited articles and examined their approach to sustainability and crowdfunding. The results suggested that a sustainability orientation could bring about change in the current financial and environmental system.

  • 18.
    Mourad, Khaldoon A.
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Avery, Helen
    Lund University, Sweden.
    The Sustainability of Post-Conflict Development: The Case of Algeria2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 11, s. 1-18, artikkel-id 3036Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Algerian civil war, 1992–2002, affected all aspects of life in the country. Major development efforts were therefore initiated in the post-conflict era. Almost 20 years later, the economy remains fragile, and the country’s large hydrocarbon revenues have not been used to develop the infrastructure for sustainability, support energy transition or reduce structural vulnerabilities. This paper provides an overview of Algerian development strategies before and after the conflict, examining in particular the orientation of major development projects involving foreign financing. Two rural development programmes are described to illustrate the outcomes of such projects. The results show that the conflict stopped or hindered many ongoing and planned development projects in the country, especially in the agriculture sector, while new investments in industry started after the conflict. The review of individual development projects further revealed that many projects between 1980–2017 had doubtful benefits with respect to long-term development goals. Initiatives tended to be discontinued once the funding period closed, and the involvement of the private sector was low. It is therefore concluded that additional attention needs to be devoted to long-term and structural impacts of development projects, including considerations regarding sustainability, demographics, and climate-related future changes.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Månsson, Kristofer
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Kibria, B. M. Golam
    Florida International University, USA.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS). Jönköping University.
    Sjölander, Pär
    Jönköping University.
    On the Estimation of the CO2 Emission, Economic Growth and Energy Consumption Nexus Using Dynamic OLS in the Presence of Multicollinearity2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 5, artikkel-id 1315Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces shrinkage estimators (Ridge DOLS) for the dynamic ordinary least squares (DOLS) cointegration estimator, which extends the model for use in the presence of multicollinearity between the explanatory variables in the cointegration vector. Both analytically and by using simulation techniques, we conclude that our new Ridge DOLS approach exhibits lower mean square errors (MSE) than the traditional DOLS method. Therefore, based on the MSE performance criteria, our Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate that our new method outperforms the DOLS under empirically relevant magnitudes of multicollinearity. Moreover, we show the advantages of this new method by more accurately estimating the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC), where the income and squared income are related to carbon dioxide emissions. Furthermore, we also illustrate the practical use of the method when augmenting the EKC curve with energy consumption. In summary, regardless of whether we use analytical, simulation-based, or empirical approaches, we can consistently conclude that it is possible to estimate these types of relationships in a considerably more accurate manner using our newly suggested method.

  • 20.
    Natalini, Davide
    et al.
    Anglia Ruskin University, UK.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Encouraging Sustainable Transport Choices in American Households: Results from an Empirically Grounded  Agent-Based Model2014Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 50-69Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The transport sector needs to go through an extended process of decarbonisation to counter the threat of climate change. Unfortunately, the International Energy Agency forecasts an enormous growth in the number of cars and greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. Two issues can thus be identified: (1) the need for a new methodology that could evaluate the policy performances ex-ante and (2) the need for more effective policies. To help address these issues, we developed an Agent-Based Model called Mobility USA aimed at: (1) testing whether this could be an effective approach in analysing ex-ante policy implementation in the transport sector; and (2) evaluating the effects of alternative policy scenarios on commuting behaviours in the USA. Particularly, we tested the effects of two sets of policies, namely market-based and preference-change ones. The model results suggest that this type of agent-based approach will provide a useful tool for testing policy interventions and their effectiveness.

  • 21.
    Natalini, Davide
    et al.
    Anglia Ruskin University, UK.
    Jones, Aled W.
    Anglia Ruskin University, UK.
    Bravo, Giangiacomo
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för samhällsvetenskap (FSV), Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Quantitative Assessment of Political Fragility Indices and Food Prices as Indicators of Food Riots in Countries2015Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 4360-4385Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of resources on social unrest is of increasing interest to politicalleaders, business and civil society. Recent events have highlighted that (lack of) access tocritical resources, including food, energy and water, can, in certain circumstances, lead toviolent demonstrations. In this paper, we assess a number of political fragility indices tosee whether they are good indicators of propensity to food riots. We found that the mostaccurate is the Political Instability and Absence of Violence Indicator of the WorldwideGovernance Indicators by the World Bank. We compute a likelihood of experiencing afood riot for each quartile of this index. We found that the self-sufficiency of food does notseem to affect the likelihood of the occurrence of food riots, but that the level of politicalstability of a country does have a role. In addition, we identify a monthly and annualthreshold for the Food and Agriculture Organisation Food Price Index, above which foodriots in fragile states are more likely to occur.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 22.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    et al.
    Södertörn University.
    Mostaghel, Rana
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för marknadsföring (MF).
    Circular business model challenges and lessons learned: an industrial perspective2018Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 30, s. 1-19, artikkel-id 739Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Both practitioners and researchers are concerned about resource deficiencies on the planet earth and agree that circular business models (CBMs) represent solutions to move towards zero waste, improving environmental impacts and increasing economic profit. Despite all of the benefits of CBMs, the implications are not widely available, and failure rates are high. Thus, there is a need to identify the obstacles that stand in the way of CBM transition. This paper aims to identify the primary challenges of CBMs. Multiple case studies are employed, incorporating six companies and data gleaned from 17 in-depth interviews. Theoretical and managerial implications are described at the end of the study.

  • 23.
    Pashkevich, Natallia
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Haftor, Darek
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Bestwood, Sweden.
    Chowdhury, Soumitra
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Sustainability through the Digitalization of Industrial Machines: Complementary Factors of Fuel Consumption and Productivity for Forklifts with Sensors2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 23, s. 1-21, artikkel-id 6708Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing the fuel efficiency of industrial machines through digitalization can enable the transport and logistics sector to overcome challenges such as low productivity growth and increasing CO2 emissions. Modern digitalized machines with embedded sensors that collect and transmit operational data have opened up new avenues for the identification of more efficient machine use. While existing studies of industrial machines have mostly focused on one or a few conditioning factors at a time, this study took a complementary approach, using a large set of known factors that simultaneously conditioned both the fuel consumption and productivity of medium-range forklifts (n = 285) that operated in a natural industrial setting for one full year. The results confirm the importance of a set of factors, including aspects related to the vehicles’ travels, drivers, operations, workload spectra, and contextual factors, such as industry and country. As a novel contribution, this study shows that the key conditioning factors interact with each other in a non-linear and non-additive manner. This means that addressing one factor at a time might not provide optimal fuel consumption, and instead all factors need to be addressed simultaneously as a system.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 24.
    Persdotter Isaksson, Maria
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Hulthén, Hana
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Environmentally Sustainable Logistics Performance Management Process Integration between Buyers and 3PLs2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 11, s. 1-19, artikkel-id 3061Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    To ensure environmentally sustainable logistics, organizations need to have anenvironmentally sustainable logistics performance management (ESLPM) process. In line withsupply chain management (SCM) literature, there is a desire towards integrating processes withsupply chain partners to increase performance. The purpose of this paper is to propose a frameworkfor ESLPM process integration and to illustrate this framework in practice between buyers andthird-party logistics (3PLs) providers. The method used is multiple case studies of three dyads of3PLs and buyers from the public and private sector. Data were collected through 10 semi-structuredinterviews. Our major result is a proposed framework with criteria for the degree of ESLPM processintegration between buyers and 3PLs. It includes six activities: Selecting environmentally sustainablelogistics performance (ESLP) variables, defining ESLP metrics, setting ESLP targets, measuring ESLPmetrics, ESLPM feedback, and analyzing ESLP outcomes and processes. It considers suggestedoperationalization of each activity and the corresponding degree of integration. The framework canprovide guidelines for practitioners in identifying current degree of process integration. It may alsosupport decisions regarding actions needed to advance to a higher degree. This framework is the first toaddress logistics performance management process integration including environmental sustainability

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 25.
    Saethorsdottir, Anna Dora
    et al.
    Univ Iceland, Iceland.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Stefansson, Thorkell
    Univ Iceland, Iceland.
    Senses by Seasons: Tourists' Perceptions Depending on Seasonality in Popular Nature Destinations in Iceland2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 11, artikkel-id UNSP 3059Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Seasonality in visitor arrivals is one of the greatest challenges faced by tourist destinations. Seasonality is a major issue for sustainable tourism as it affects the optimal use of investment and infrastructure, puts pressure on resources and can create negative experience of crowding at destinations. Peripheral areas commonly experience more pronounced fluctuations in visitor arrivals. Iceland is one of those destinations. Although the number of tourists visiting the country has multiplied in recent years, seasonality is still a major challenge, especially in the more rural peripheral areas of the country. Iceland's high season for tourism occurs during its brief summer (June to August), but in recent years more people visit the country on shorter winter trips, creating new management challenges. This research is based on an on-site questionnaire survey conducted in seven popular nature destinations in Iceland which compares the experience of summer and winter visitors. The results show that winter visitors are more satisfied with the natural environment while their satisfaction with facilities and service is in many cases lower. The areas are generally perceived as being more beautiful and quieter in winter than in summer. However, most destinations are considered less accessible and less safe in the winter. Tourists are much less likely to experience physical crowding during winter, although winter visitors are more sensitive to crowds, most likely because of expectations of fewer tourists. Finally, this research shows that tourists are less likely to encounter negative effects of tourism on the environment in the winter, (e.g., erosion or damage to rocks and vegetation), than in summer. The results highlight the importance of understanding visitor perceptions in a seasonal and temporal context.

  • 26.
    Semenova, Natalia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Company receptivity in private dialogue on sustainability risks2020Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 2, s. 1-14, artikkel-id 532Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines empirically the efficiency of private collaborative dialogues between Nordic institutional investors and companies included in the MSCI (Morgan Stanley Capital International) World stock market index. It contributes to an understanding of the conditions that allow active institutional investors to elect to work with more receptive and progressive companies and improve the efficiency of private engagement and dialogue. Stakeholder silence theory and Gond et al.’s model of company perceptions of enablers and barriers to the success of engagement are introduced to analyse the efficiency of private dialogue. The study investigates a proprietary dataset covering the characteristics of 109 complete dialogue processes related to material environmental, social, and corruption issues. The dialogues are led by a professional engagement agent in collaboration with its Nordic clients. The multivariate regression analysis shows that sustainability risk, bureaucracy, and experience are the specific conditions under which the target company can become more receptive to activism by making more progress to address institutional investors’ requests during the hidden dialogue process.

  • 27.
    Woosnam, Kyle M.
    et al.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för organisation och entreprenörskap (OE). Jagiellonian Univ, Poland.
    Nisbett, Gwendelyn S.
    Univ North Texas, USA.
    Keith, Samuel J.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Examining Millennials' Global Citizenship Attitudes and Behavioral Intentions to Engage in Environmental Volunteering2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 8, artikkel-id 2324Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Volunteering for nature conservation has become an important resource in solving local environmental problems of global importance. The study at hand assessed how well millennials' global citizenship attitudes explain their behavioral intentions to engage in volunteer projects, as well as how prior experience of volunteering in environmental projects affects millennials' global citizenship attitudes. Those who reported past participation in this type of volunteer experience were generally more inclined to partake in future environmental volunteering than those without prior experience. Likewise, for those with prior experience, global citizen factors played a greater role in intentions to experience environmental volunteering. This study makes valuable contributions to the literature surrounding nature conservation, as it illustrates that millennials' global citizenship attitudes predict participation in environmental volunteering. This work concludes with insights concerning what programs (that provide millennials with opportunities to fulfill environmental duties associated with their global environmental citizenship) can do to provide a more valuable experience for young volunteers.

  • 28.
    Ülgen, Veronica
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Björklund, Maria
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Simm, Niklas
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Forslund, Helena
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Inter-organizational supply chain interaction for sustainability: a systematic literature review2019Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, nr 19, s. 1-25, artikkel-id 5488Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on inter-organizational supply chain interaction (IOSCI) for sustainability can be described as fast-growing and fragmented. It is uncertain to what extent logistics and supply chain management (SCM) literature has been able to close research gaps regarding e.g., empirical scope and sustainability dimensions addressed. A systematic literature review (SLR) is carried out to synthesize the existing knowledge and ongoing trends, and to propose a research agenda. The trend analysis shows that the gap between the environmental and social dimension is increasing, that Asian studies grow nearly exponentially, and that the focal firm perspective gains more ground. The research agenda calls for participatory studies of multiple actors and for studies addressing, e.g., the invisible logistics service providers. This study provides an important complement to existing literature reviews on sustainable supply chain interaction, primarily by its focus on the development over time, the empirical scope, the focus on publications in logistics/SCM journals, and its narrow focus on the interaction among firms in supply chains.

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