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  • 1.
    Alfredsson, Eva
    et al.
    The Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Vikström, Peter
    The Swedish Agency for Growth Policy Analysis.
    Internalising external environmental effects in efficiency analysis: The Swedish pulp and paper industry 2000-20072016Ingår i: Economic Analysis and Policy, ISSN 0313-5926, Vol. 51, s. 22-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the efficiency in the Swedish pulp and paper industry using national account data. By using a directional distance function approach we are able to investigate different aspects of efficiency relating to the direction of scaling. In the first analysis, desired output (pulp and paper) and undesired output (pollution) are considered equally important. This analysis shows that there is a 12% potential to simultaneously reduce pollution and increase the production of pulp and paper. In the second analysis, only undesired output is considered. The analysis shows an average potential reduction in pollution of 22%. If, on the other hand, this potential is computed in terms of desired output, keeping undesired output constant, the average potential increase in desired output is 14%. In a fourth analysis we discuss the potential to evaluate the costs of environmental regulations using the DEA methodology. Finally, our paper demonstrates that data from national accounts can be used to investigate different aspects of environmental efficiency.

  • 2.
    Mattsson, Pontus
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    The impact of labour subsidies on total factor productivity and profit per employee2019Ingår i: Economic Analysis and Policy, ISSN 0313-5926, Vol. 62, s. 325-341Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Subsidising targeted labour groups is a common intervention to prevent long-term unemployment. Lower expected firm productivity is the motivation for subsidising labour, but all research, with one exception, focuses on other effects while some investigate the total factor productivity (TFP) effects of capital subsidies. This study combines methods that, to the best of my knowledge, have not previously been used together to determine the impacts of labour subsidies on TFP. Further, profit per employee is included as a second outcome. Coarsened exact matching (CEM) is performed on the key variables; difference-in-differences (DiD) is then applied to the matched data. It is found that firms employing workers with wage subsidies experience negative and significant effects on both TFP and profit per employee. Heterogeneity is, however, observed; the only sector to show a deficit in both TFP and profit per employee is wholesale. During the second year with a subsidy, a negative impact can be observed on the profit per employee but not on TFP. The policy conclusion from the analysis is that subsidising individuals from particular groups is necessary to induce firms to hire workers from these groups. However, the time period for which a single firm is subsidised should be considered.

  • 3.
    Månsson, Jonas
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Delander, Lennart
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Mentoring as a way of integrating refugees on the labour market: evidence from a Swedish pilot scheme2017Ingår i: Economic Analysis and Policy, ISSN 0313-5926, Vol. 56, nr December, s. 51-59Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the fact that mentoring is used as a mean to increase the speed of labour market integration for immigrants around the world there is little evidence of the impacts of this type of programme. This study investigates the impact of a Swedish mentoring programme on the labour market status of newly arrived refugees. The key finding is that mentoring as a universal ‘quick fix’ does not attract a great deal of support. However, mentoring does show promise for males for whom a positive and significant impact when the outcome is defined as a yearly income exceeding one basic amount (appx. 4200 euro). For females, no short-term effect is found, although it is suggested the absence of an impact may be due to lock-in effects in other labour market programmes.

  • 4.
    Widerstedt, Barbro
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    Rosdahl, Jonatan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för nationalekonomi och statistik (NS).
    A warm welcome? Access to advisory services for men and women2018Ingår i: Economic Analysis and Policy, ISSN 0313-5926, Vol. 58, s. 100-110Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In politics, broadly stated ambitions such that a service should be available to all are fairly commonplace. However, evaluation access to service in a broader sense is often difficult and expensive. In this study we use a field experiment to investigate if the reception from the business development community differs contingent on the gender of the client. In the experiment, identical email requests were sent to actors in the enterprise promotion system. The result is that response frequency and time were independent of the gender of the sender. However, the male sender was more often given an explicit invitation to book a time slot. To delve further into the responses, we use sentiment analysis, a ‘big data’ method, to analyse the replies. The analysis reveal that replies to the female sender is more positive. Our conclusion is that even if there are some gender differences we would not consider it to be a systematic discrimination. However, the unconsciousness from public servants should be included in training to increase awareness of this issue.

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