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  • 1. AMANDA Collaboration, -
    et al.
    Pohl, Arvid
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Naturvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Search for extraterrestrial point sources of high energy neutrinos with AMANDA-II using data collected in 2000-20022005Inngår i: Physical Review D. Particles and fields, ISSN 0556-2821, E-ISSN 1089-4918, Vol. 71, nr 7, s. 077102-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The results of a search for point sources of high energy neutrinos in the northern hemisphere using data collected by AMANDA-II in the years 2000, 2001, and 2002 are presented. In particular, a comparison with the single-year result previously published shows that the sensitivity was improved by a factor of 2.2. The muon neutrino flux upper limits on selected candidate sources, corresponding to an E-nu(-2) neutrino energy spectrum, are included. Sky grids were used to search for possible excesses above the background of cosmic ray induced atmospheric neutrinos. This search reveals no statistically significant excess for the three years considered. 

  • 2. Ambrosio, M
    et al.
    Antolini, R
    Baldini, A
    Barbarino, G C
    Barish, B C
    Battistoni, G
    Becherini, Yvonne
    Università di Bologna, Italy ; INFN, Italy.
    Bellotti, R
    Bemporad, C
    Bernardini, P
    Bilokon, H
    Bower, C
    Brigida, M
    Bussino, S
    Cafagna, F
    Calicchio, M
    Campana, D
    Carboni, M
    Caruso, R
    Cecchini, S
    Cei, F
    Chiarella, V
    Chiarusi, T
    Choudhary, B C
    Coutu, S
    Cozzi, M
    De Cataldo, G
    Dekhissi, H
    De Marzo, C
    De Mitri, I
    Derkaoui, J
    De Vincenzi, M
    Di Credico, A
    Erriquez, O
    Favuzzi, C
    Forti, C
    Fusco, P
    Giacomelli, G
    Giannini, G
    Giglietto, N
    Giorgini, M
    Grassi, M
    Grillo, A
    Gustavino, C
    Habig, A
    Hanson, K
    Heinz, R
    Katsavounidis, E
    Katsavounidis, I
    Kearns, E
    Kim, H
    Kyriazopoulou, S
    Lamanna, E
    Lane, C
    Levin, D S
    Lipari, P
    Longley, N P
    Longo, M J
    Loparco, F
    Maaroufi, F
    Mancarella, G
    Mandrioli, G
    Margiotta, A
    Marini, A
    Martello, D
    Marzari-Chiesa, A
    Mazziotta, M N
    Michael, D G
    Miller, L
    Monacelli, P
    Montaruli, T
    Monteno, M
    Mufson, S
    Musser, J
    Nicolo, D
    Nolty, R
    Orth, C
    Osteria, G
    Palamara, O
    Patrizii, L
    Pazzi, R
    Peck, C W
    Perrone, L
    Petrera, S
    Popa, V
    Raino, A
    Reynoldson, J
    Ronga, F
    Satriano, C
    Scapparone, E
    Scholberg, K
    Serra, P
    Sioli, M
    Sirri, G
    Sitta, M
    Spinelli, P
    Spinetti, M
    Spurio, M
    Steinberg, R
    Stone, J L
    Sulak, L R
    Surdo, A
    Tarle, G
    Togo, V
    Vakili, M
    Walter, C W
    Webb, R
    Search for the sidereal and solar diurnal modulations in the total MACRO muon data set2003Inngår i: Physical Review D. Particles and fields, ISSN 0556-2821, E-ISSN 1089-4918, Vol. 67, nr 4, artikkel-id 042002Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We have analyzed 44.3M single muons collected by MACRO from 1991 through 2000 in 2145 live days of operation. We have searched for the solar diurnal, apparent sidereal, and pseudosidereal modulation of the underground muon rate by computing hourly deviations of the muon rate from 6 month averages. We find evidence for statistically significant modulations with the solar diurnal and the sidereal periods. The amplitudes of these modulations are <0.1%, and are at the limit of the detector statistics. The pseudosidereal modulation is not statistically significant. The solar diurnal modulation is due to the daily atmospheric temperature variations at 20 km, the altitude of primary cosmic ray interactions with the atmosphere; MACRO is the deepest experiment to report this result. The sidereal modulation is in addition to the expected Compton-Getting modulation due to solar system motion relative to the local standard of rest; it represents motion of the solar system with respect to the galactic cosmic rays toward the galactic plane.

  • 3. IceCube Collaboration, -
    et al.
    Pohl, Arvid
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Naturvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Detection of Atmospheric Muon Neutrinos with the IceCube 9-String Detector2007Inngår i: Physical Review D. Particles and fields, ISSN 0556-2821, E-ISSN 1089-4918, Vol. 76, nr 2, s. 027101-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The IceCube neutrino detector is a cubic kilometer TeV to PeV neutrino detector under construction at the geographic South Pole. The dominant population of neutrinos detected in IceCube is due to meson decay in cosmic-ray air showers. These atmospheric neutrinos are relatively well understood and serve as a calibration and verification tool for the new detector. In 2006, the detector was approximately 10% completed, and we report on data acquired from the detector in this configuration. We observe an atmospheric neutrino signal consistent with expectations, demonstrating that the IceCube detector is capable of identifying neutrino events. In the first 137.4 days of live time, 234 neutrino candidates were selected with an expectation of 211 +/- 76.1(syst)+/- 14.5(stat) events from atmospheric neutrinos. 

  • 4. IceCube Collaboration, -
    et al.
    Pohl, Arvid
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Naturvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Five Years of Searches for Point Sources of Astrophysical Neutrinos with the AMANDA-II Neutrino Telescope2007Inngår i: Physical Review D. Particles and fields, ISSN 0556-2821, E-ISSN 1089-4918, Vol. 75, nr 10, s. 102001-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    We report the results of a five-year survey of the northern sky to search for point sources of high energy neutrinos. The search was performed on the data collected with the AMANDA-II neutrino telescope in the years 2000 to 2004, with a live time of 1001 days. The sample of selected events consists of 4282 upward going muon tracks with high reconstruction quality and an energy larger than about 100 GeV. We found no indication of point sources of neutrinos and set 90% confidence level flux upper limits for an all-sky search and also for a catalog of 32 selected sources. For the all-sky search, our average (over declination and right ascension) experimentally observed upper limit Phi(0)=(E/1 TeV)(gamma)center dot d Phi/dE to a point source flux of muon and tau neutrino (detected as muons arising from taus) is Phi(nu mu)+nu(0)(mu)+Phi(nu tau)+nu(0)(tau)=11.1x 10(-11) TeV-1 cm(-2) s(-1), in the energy range between 1.6 TeV and 2.5 PeV for a flavor ratio Phi(nu mu)+nu(0)(mu)/Phi(nu tau)+nu(0)(tau)=1 and assuming a spectral index gamma=2. It should be noticed that this is the first time we set upper limits to the flux of muon and tau neutrinos. In previous papers we provided muon neutrino upper limits only neglecting the sensitivity to a signal from tau neutrinos, which improves the limits by 10% to 16%. The value of the average upper limit presented in this work corresponds to twice the limit on the muon neutrino flux Phi(nu mu)+nu(0)(mu)=5.5x10(-11) TeV-1 cm(-2) s(-1). A stacking analysis for preselected active galactic nuclei and a search based on the angular separation of the events were also performed. We report the most stringent flux upper limits to date, including the results of a detailed assessment of systematic uncertainties. 

  • 5. IceCube Collaboration, -
    et al.
    Pohl, Arvid
    Högskolan i Kalmar, Naturvetenskapliga institutionen.
    Multiyear Search for a Diffuse Flux of Muon Neutrinos with AMANDA-II2007Inngår i: Physical Review D. Particles and fields, ISSN 0556-2821, E-ISSN 1089-4918, Vol. 76, nr 4, s. 042008-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A search for TeV-PeV muon neutrinos from unresolved sources was performed on AMANDA-II data collected between 2000 and 2003 with an equivalent live time of 807 days. This diffuse analysis sought to find an extraterrestrial neutrino flux from sources with nonthermal components. The signal is expected to have a harder spectrum than the atmospheric muon and neutrino backgrounds. Since no excess of events was seen in the data over the expected background, an upper limit of E-2 Phi(90%C.L.)< 7.4x10(-8) GeV cm(-2) s(-1) sr(-1) is placed on the diffuse flux of muon neutrinos with a Phi proportional to E-2 spectrum in the energy range 16 TeV to 2.5 PeV. This is currently the most sensitive Phi proportional to E-2 diffuse astrophysical neutrino limit. We also set upper limits for astrophysical and prompt neutrino models, all of which have spectra different from Phi proportional to E-2. 

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