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  • 1.
    Basic, Goran
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning. Lund University.
    Observed successful collaboration in social work practice: coherent triads in Swedish juvenile care: [Observerad framgångsrik samverkan i socialt arbete. Samstämmiga triader inom svensk ungdomsvård]2018In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 193-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyse observed situations of successful cooperation, even if it unfolds during shorter interaction sequences. The aim is to analyse how and when the actors within juvenile care in Sweden present successful cooperation, and which interactive patterns are involved in the construction of this phenomenon. Forming the empirical basis for this study are 119 field observations of organised meetings and informal meetings before and after organised meetings, during visits to youth care institutions in Sweden, social services offices, and the Swedish National Board of Institutional Care. In this study, markers are used to define successful cooperation in the empirical material, so that actors who belong to at least three different categories will be identified (coherent triad). The professional actors can also shape a coherent triad with young people or parents in cases where past conflicts arise. When some professionals create a distance from other professional partners, conflicts can be erased so as to generate new conditions for coherence of the triad. Construction and reconstruction of collaboration success is an ongoing, interactive process. Presentation of the proper interaction moral is created and re-created during interactions and appears in the myriad of everyday interactions.

  • 2.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Lund university.
    Evaluating homelessness – a comparative analysis of top-ten articles from the US and Europe2017In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 724-740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Homelessness as a political and social dominion has a number of features that make it particularly difficult to tackle. In addition to being a wicked problem, homelessness offers several analytical avenues. How do these characteristics affect the evaluation of programmes and projects aspiring to combat homelessness? Dissimilar pictures and solutions regarding homelessness in the US and in European countries will likely affect recommendations given as a result of evaluations performed. For this study, the empirical base is a sample of the most cited evaluations of homelessness programmes published in professional journals between 1996 and 2010. Most of these evaluations are from the US. These US evaluations more often use large-scale national programmes and quantitative methods, whereas European evaluations more often have smaller sample sizes and qualitative methods. In both regions, the evaluators seldom use theory from social science when analysing their findings. It is suggested that European evaluation research should be noticed to a larger extent since it is probably better suited for application in a European context.

  • 3.
    Denvall, Verner
    Lunds Universitet.
    Innovations and problem-solving: a comparative study2011In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 307-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the practical implementation of two innovative projects in Denmark and Sweden. The research is motivated by the high political interest in innovations as a modern quick fix to societal problems. Innovations are regarded as an all-round solution; however, research has mainly been focused on technical and economic factors without considering social problem solving. Utilizing ethnographic methodology, the study reveals that the same innovative process solves problems on one structural level, but creates new problems on another. Faith is generally seen as an important element of innovations geared to social problem solving. Results show that faith is bound to certain structural levels and that a given innovative process runs the risk of creating conflicting perceptions at different levels. The research demonstrates the importance of including components such as value differences, conflicts of interest, and ideology when promoting innovations and when studying innovative efforts.

  • 4.
    Järkestig Berggren, Ulrika
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Building on users' knowledge as a basis for professional expertise? An example from Swedish social care services2015In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 718-730Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Implementing new occupations in social care services as a solution to social problems challenges the knowledge base for social care. This has been particularly evident in services for persons with disabilities. Social policy has emphasized influence over services for persons with disabilities and hence has implemented personal assistance and case management services. Using these as examples, this article explores the professional logic developed, and the ways it relate to existing social professions. The results are presented in a typology defining two occupations as examples of a professional logic based on users’ knowledge. This logic, here called ‘user-mandated professionalism’, is denoted by wide discretion, relationships with users built on trust, and legitimacy mainly stemming from user organizations. The analysis then raises the challenge for social professionals in social care occupations based on users’ knowledge to be explicit about the knowledge base they build on in their arguments and in decision-making.

  • 5.
    Melin Emilsson, Ulla
    Lund University.
    Health care, social care or both?: A qualitative explorative study of different focuses in long-term care of older people in France, Portugal and Sweden2009In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 419-434Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Challenges with an ageing population are increasingly becoming a reality in the Western world. Since cognitive impairment increases with age, we can expect an increasing number of older people in need of care. The aim of this article is to describe, analyse and compare different focuses on care of older people with dementia, using examples from France, Portugal and Sweden. The questions are principally focused on the participants’ view about their tasks, the organisation of work, the professional role and cooperation with other professions. Everyday care was studied through observations and participant observations and the staff's opinion was explored by means of interviews. Twenty-two care settings for older people were included. The findings showed that France provided mainly ‘health care’, Sweden ‘social care’ and Portugal an integrated ‘health care and social care’. In a comparative perspective the Portuguese general care of older people, which focuses on integration of health care, social care and social work, also seems to provide care for older people suffering from dementia which best corresponds to the previously developed group living model.

  • 6.
    Melin Emilsson, Ulla
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Ståhl, Agneta
    Lund University.
    Good personal finances or a strong social capital : on different life conditions of importance for an active life when becoming alone in old age: Gott om pengar eller ett starkt socialt kapital? Om skillnader i livsvillkor för män och kvinnor som blir ensamma på äldre dar2016In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 749-763Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Becoming alone in old age can be a decisive life event that brings major changes depending on various causes as health status, financial resources, family situation, and available welfare services. This article discusses the situation of older people in Sweden who have transitioned from a two-person to single-person household in recent years and what impact this might have on their everyday lives. Through in-depth interviews with 18 older people, age 67–90, their experiences about life conditions and opportunities were examined. Findings showed large differences between the men and women. They all tried to live as they always had done and they used the same personal life strategies that they always had. But the men could live as before on their own financial merits, while the women needed assistance from children, grandchildren and the welfare system. Transportation options were central and clearly related to both private economy and social services available. Shortcomings in the welfare state's way of caring for the elderly were clearly uncovered. The gap between social policy promises of opportunities for autonomy and independence to live an active life in old age and the everyday reality for older people still seems to be wide.

  • 7.
    Söderberg, Maria
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Ståhl, Agneta
    Lund University.
    Melin Emilsson, Ulla
    Lund University.
    Independence as a stigmatizing value for older people considering relocation to a residential home: [ Självständighet som en stigmatiserande värdering för gamla människor som överväger att flytta till ett särskilt boende ]2013In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 391-406Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on older people's perspectives, the aim of this article is to reveal how the culture of independence influences the decision-making process preceding relocation to a residential home. Since there is a predominant ideology of ageing in place in Sweden like in many other welfare states, the focus is on how a continued life in ordinary housing is justified versus how relocation to a residential home is excused. Twenty-one older people have been included in open semi-structured interviews and in follow-up contacts. The findings show that the value of independence, originally intended to protect the position of older people, in practice led to stigmatizing processes. In order to bridge the gap between values and declining capacities, expectations and actions, older people develop individual-oriented, family-oriented, and public-oriented justifications and excuses, so-called ‘accounts.’

  • 8.
    Söderberg, Maria
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Ståhl, Agneta
    Lund University.
    Melin Emilsson, Ulla
    Lund University.
    Stratified structural and epistemic aspects of the care managers’ discretion -: A theoretical approach to the complex process related to older people’s relocation to a residential home2015In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 325-339Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By applying a theoretical point of departure, the overarching aim of this article is to describe, analyze, and try to understand why care managers in their everyday occupational practice normalize the restrictive approach when older people consider relocation to a residential home. While earlier research to a large extent has drawn attention to how the care managers carry out the restrictive approach, this article pays attention to the circumstances paving its way. The focus is on influences from different sociological levels, thereby ‘stratified’, and from two aspects of discretion, where ‘structural aspects’ refer to choices between permitted alternatives and ‘epistemic aspects’ to practical reasoning under conditions of indeterminacy. With this combination, a multitude of circumstances contributing to the restrictive approach is revealed. Thus, the theoretical model includes levels as well as discretionary powers where formulas constitute the foundation at each level, subsequently related to multidisciplinary references in order to get the practice into perspective. The findings show that the priority given to home-based care in contrast to residential care is repeated and confirmed at each level and besides in an interchange between structural and epistemic aspects.

    Det övergripande syftet med artikeln är att med hjälp av en teoretisk utgångspunkt beskriva, analysera och försöka förstå varför biståndshandläggarna i sin dagliga yrkesutövning normaliserar en restriktiv hållning när äldre personer överväger en flytt till ett särskilt boende. Medan tidigare forskning i stor utsträckning har uppmärksammat på vilket sätt biståndshandläggarna tillämpar en restriktiv hållning, uppmärksammar den här artikeln omständigheter som möjliggör den. Fokus är på influenser från olika sociologiska nivåer, därigenom ‘stratifierade’, och från två aspekter av hur biståndshandläggarna går tillväga, där ‘strukturella aspekter’ avser val mellan tillåtna alternativ och ‘epistemiska aspekter’ ett praktiskt resonerande under betingelser av obestämdhet. Med denna kombination framträder ett flertal omständigheter som bidrar till den restriktiva hållningen. Därmed inkluderar den teoretiska modellen såväl nivåer som aspekter av biståndshandläggarnas handlingsutrymme och resonemang med formler som utgångspunkter på varje nivå, vilka i ett nästa steg relaterats till flervetenskapliga referenser för att ge praktiken perspektiv. Resultatet visar att den prioritet som ges den hembaserade omsorgen i motsats till omsorgen på särskilda boenden upprepas och bekräftas på varje nivå och dessutom i en växelverkan mellan strukturella och epistemiska aspekter.

  • 9.
    Ulmestig, Rickard
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Eriksson, Marie
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Financial consequences of leaving violent men.: Women survivors of domestic violence and the social assistance system in Sweden2017In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 560-571Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Being self-sufficient, having an economy of your own does not only safeguard basic resources as food and shelter but is also a prerequisite for ensuring full participation in society. Research shows that women subjected to domestic violence often suffer from economic abuse and experience economic hardship within and after their relationships. Without economic support it is harder for abused women to break up and the risk of returning to a violent partner increases. The aim of the article is to understand how survivors of domestic violence experience financial vulnerability and what implications these experiences have on social work within the social assistance system.  Based on 13 in depth interviews with women survivors our study describes how debts and stolen money together with difficulties on the labour market affects their ability to have a reasonable economic standard (long) after breaking up. Several of the women describe how social workers in different ways have recognised them by giving emotional support, cognitive respect and social esteem. However, social workers have also mimicked patterns of abuse from their ex-partners. Our results show the importance of welfare in the process of making victims of violence survivors of violence.

1 - 9 of 9
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