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  • 1.
    Erlingsson, Gissur
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Ödalen, Jörgen
    Linköping University.
    Wångmar, Erik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Understanding large-scale institutional change: Social conflicts and the politics of Swedish municipal amalgamations, 1952–19742015In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 195-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A remarkable reform in modern Swedish political history was the transformation of the local government structure between 1952 and 1974. In a mere 22 years, the number of municipalities was reduced from 2,498 to 277. This study aims to answer how such large-scale reforms could come about politically, particularly since much of the literature on institutions and political reform asserts that carrying out large-scale political change should be a difficult task. Two opposing stories of institutional change are presented: evolutionary accounts, which see the amalgamations as rational adaptations to changing circumstances, are contrasted with a social conflict perspective, which explains amalgamations in terms of their distributional consequences. By investigating the processes leading up to this vast restructuring of Swedish local political geography, we demonstrate that an understanding of these reforms as rational adaptations to changing circumstances, made on the basis of consensus among leading political actors, is not accurate. The reforms were not as uncontroversial and non-conflictual as they often have been portrayed. Our results weaken the evolutionary approach to institutional change, whilst supporting the social conflict perspective.

  • 2.
    Fröjmark, Anders
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Book Review of Ecclesia Nidrosiensis 1153-1537:: Søkelys på Nidaroskirkens og Nidarosprovinsens historie[Spotlight on the Nidaros Church and Nidaros Province History], ed. Steinar Imsen, 2003, ISBN 82-519-1873-12005In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 213-216Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Fur, Gunlög
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Humanities.
    Review of Indigenous Peoples. Self-Determination, Knowledge, Indigeneity, ed. Henry Minde2009In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 211-214Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Gregersen, Malin
    University of Bergen, Norway.
    Protecting people in protected places: Gender, perceptions of protection, and the Scandinavian women of YWCA Changsha, China, 1917–19272015In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 382-404Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article addresses the previously understudied issue of protection within Christian missions, deepening the understanding of gender as a central factor in how protection has been understood in mission work. It takes four Scandinavian female missionaries, working as YWCA secretaries in Changsha, as its starting point for a discussion of perceptions of protection in times of unrest. The analysis spans the years 1917–1927, a politically turbulent period in the history of Hunan, with recurring outbursts of violence and increasing anti-foreign sentiments. During these periods of unrest, missionaries were put in positions in which they had to act not only as social and spiritual evangelists of the Christian gospel but also as security providers. This article investigates the complexity of perceptions of protection within discursive structures of gender and the ways in which the women navigated prevailing structures to provide protection for people they cared about and to attain influence over situations in which their control was endangered. The analysis focuses on the use of protective symbols, on the mission site as both protected and threatened space, and on the female missionary as both protecting guardian and in need of protection.

  • 5.
    Hansson, Gunnar
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Socail change by compromise?: The Reformist Argument of Ernst Wigfross2019In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 355-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article raises the question of how a person argues for social change by compromise. The study is about the leading theorist of the reformist Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP), Ernst Wigforss, and how he argues for a compromise in the relations between capital and labour. My hypothesis is that social change is argued as necessary, possible, and desirable. The guiding idea for the analysis is to use Quentin Skinner's understanding of political thought and its expression as a political manoeuvre bounded by a historically given context. However, the latter needs to be specified as an analytical concept, as well as audience and interest. Despite his efforts Wigforss failed to create an agreement about new relations between capital and labour. His problem situation and his efforts to work through the problem mirror a general political problem, the possibilities of reformism to convert the existing society on crucial issues. More specifically, however, in his effort to redefine what the interest of each party should be, Wigforss had to consider the character of the object of conflict he was addressing, as this determined what the interest of each party was, and the sort of compromise that might be reached.

  • 6.
    Nilsson, Roddy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Göteborgs universitet.
    ‘Arsenic of the size of a pea’: Women and poisoning in 19th-century Sweden2015In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 40, no 1, p. 97-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is one of criminology’s (few) established truths that women commit far fewer violent crimes than men do. This has been especially evident when it comes to deadly violence. Besides witchcraft and infanticide there is, however, another serious crime that has been associated with women: poisoning. This article studies female poisoners in 19th-century Sweden. The investigation shows that poisonings were fairly common during this period, albeit far from being an exclusively female affair. The empirical findings reveal that these crimes were directed at several different categories of victims: spouses, children and elderly household members, as well as other women. It is also shown that a considerable number of the women accused of poisoning was acquitted, in many cases thanks to the strict process rules associated with the statutory theory of legal proof. Theoretically, the article hypothesizes an understanding of these poisonings where agency is placed at the centre. They are thus seen as acts where (female) subjectivity was created during this period.

  • 7.
    Nilsson, Roddy
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Creating the Swedish Juvenile Delinquent: Criminal Policy, Science and institutionalization c. 1930–19702009In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, ISSN 0346-8755, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 354-375Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Olsson, Lars
    Lund University.
    "We stand here as sellers and buyers in relation to each other": on work, culture and consciousness among Swedish typographers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries1994In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 201-221Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Svanberg, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Labour migration and the Swedish labour market model: A case study of recruitment of Yugoslav workers to Svenska Fläktfabriken in Växjö, 1969-19702011In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 91-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with active labour recruitment from Yugoslavia to Sweden at the end of the 1960s and early 1970s. It is a case study of recruitments of foreign-born workers to one particular manufacturing industry. It focuses primarily on trade-union actions and strategies in connection with the recruitments, analysed in the light of the power relations within the corporatist Swedish labour market model. This approach illuminates how the Swedish labour market model dealt with an issue involving both conflicting and coincident interests between labour and capital, with the state as an intermediary. But the recruitments are also analysed from the recruited workers' points of view. The essay reveals great union influence in the process of labour recruitment, and suggests that the national Swedish labour market authority only approved as many work permits for non-Nordic workers as the trade union concerned accepted. This power, in combination with the shortage of workers, could be used by the unions as a forceful instrument in their struggle to transform working life according to their members' interests. Accordingly, the labour recruitments to Sweden were framed by the power relations and the corporative practices within the Swedish labour market model.

  • 10.
    Wångmar, Erik
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science.
    Lennartsson, Malin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Historians and Their Sources: The use of unpublished source material in Swedish doctoral theses in history, 1959-2015, and in student bachelor's and master's theses, 2010-20152018In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 43, no 3, p. 365-386Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyses the development of the use of unpublished source material in Swedish doctoral theses in history, 1959–2015. The results show that the proportion of theses which rely on such materials has dropped in relation to the level that existed up to and including the year 2007. From having dropped below 90% only twice during the time period 1959–2007, the average for the years 2008–2015 is 77%. There are several explanations as to why this decline in use of unpublished source material has occurred. An initial explanation is that more doctoral theses are now published within the subdiscipline of historical science, in which, for example, history didactics and uses of history are included. History didactics and uses of history have gained more ground within the overall field of historical research during the last 10 years. The next-to-lowest figures are found in the category history of ideas, culture, and opinion history; a category which during the time period 2008–2015 remained at a fairly constant share of the total number of doctoral defences in history in Sweden in relation to the situation at the beginning of the 2000s.

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