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  • 1.
    Alricsson, Marie
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet, Institutionen för hälsovetenskap.
    Werner, Suzanne
    The effect of pre-season dance training on physical indices and back pain in elite cross-country skiers: a prospective controlled intervention study2004In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 148-153Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Melin, Anna K.
    et al.
    Universityof Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Tornberg, Åsa B.
    LundUniversity, Sweden; SkåneUniversity Hospital, Sweden.
    Skouby, Sven
    Herlev Hospital, Denmark;University ofCopenhagen, Denmark.
    Faber, Jens
    Herlev Hospital, Denmark;University ofCopenhagen, Denmark.
    Ritz, Christian
    Universityof Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Sjödin, Anders
    Universityof Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn
    Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Norway.
    The LEAF questionnaire: a screening tool for the identification of female athletes at risk for the female athlete triad2014In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 48, p. 540-545Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Low energy availability (EA) in female athletes with or without an eating disorder (ED) increases the risk of oligomenorrhoea/functional hypothalamic amenorrhoea and impaired bone health, a syndrome called the female athlete triad (Triad). There are validated psychometric instruments developed to detect disordered eating behaviour (DE), but no validated screening tool to detect persistent low EA and Triad conditions, with or without DE/ED, is available.

    Aim The aim of this observational study was to develop and test a screening tool designed to identify female athletes at risk for the Triad.

    Methods Female athletes (n=84) with 18–39 years of age and training≥5 times/week filled out the Low Energy Availability in Females Questionnaire (LEAF-Q), which comprised questions regarding injuries and gastrointestinal and reproductive function. Reliability and internal consistency were evaluated in a subsample of female dancers and endurance athletes (n=37). Discriminant as well as concurrent validity was evaluated by testing self-reported data against measured current EA, menstrual function and bone health in endurance athletes from sports such as long distance running and triathlon (n=45).

    Results The 25-item LEAF-Q produced an acceptable sensitivity (78%) and specificity (90%) in order to correctly classify current EA and/or reproductive function and/or bone health.

    Conclusions The LEAF-Q is brief and easy to administer, and relevant as a complement to existing validated DE screening instruments, when screening female athletes at risk for the Triad, in order to enable early detection and intervention.

  • 3.
    Mountjoy, Margo
    et al.
    McMaster Univ, Canada.
    Sundgot-Borgen, Jorunn Kaiander
    Norwegian Sch Sport Sci, Norway.
    Burke, Louise M.
    Australian Inst Sport, Australia;Mary MacKillop Inst Hlth Res, Australia.
    Ackerman, Kathryn E.
    Boston Childrens Hosp, USA;Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Blauwet, Cheri
    Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Constantini, Naama
    Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Israel.
    Lebrun, Constance
    Univ Alberta, Canada.
    Lundy, Bronwen
    Australian Inst Sport, Australia.
    Melin, Anna K.
    Univ Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Meyer, Nanna L.
    Univ Colorado, USA.
    Sherman, Roberta T.
    Independent researcher, USA.
    Tenforde, Adam S.
    Harvard Med Sch, USA.
    Torstveit, Monica Klungland
    Univ Agder, Norway.
    Budgett, Richard
    IOC Med & Sci Dept, Switzerland.
    IOC consensus statement on relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S): 2018 update2018In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 52, no 11, p. 687-697Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Needleman, I
    et al.
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, UK;UK IOC Research Centre for Prevention of illness and Protection of Athlete Health, UK.
    Ashley, P
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, UK;UK IOC Research Centre for Prevention of illness and Protection of Athlete Health, UK.
    Fairbrother, T
    Parkrun Global, London, UK.
    Fine, P
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, UK.
    Gallagher, J
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, UK;UK IOC Research Centre for Prevention of illness and Protection of Athlete Health, UK.
    Kings, D
    Aspetar, Doha, Qatar.
    Maughan, RJ
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Melin, Anna K.
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Naylor, M
    English Institute of Sport, London, UK.
    Nutrition and oral health in sport: time for action2018In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 52, no 23, p. 1483-1484Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Needleman, I
    et al.
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, UK;UK IOC Research Centre for Prevention of illness and Protection of Athlete Health, UK.
    Rankin, A
    Sport NI Sports Institute, UK.
    Ashley, P
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, UK;UK IOC Research Centre for Prevention of illness and Protection of Athlete Health, UK.
    Fairbrother, T
    Communication Executive, Parkrun, UK.
    Fine, P
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, London, UK.
    Gallagher, J
    UCL Eastman Dental Institute, UK;UK IOC Research Centre for Prevention of illness and Protection of Athlete Health, UK.
    Kings, D
    Aspetar, Doha, Qatar.
    Maughan, RJ
    Loughborough University, UK.
    Melin, Anna K.
    University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
    Naylor, M
    English Institute of Sport, UK.
    Infographic. Nutrition and oral health in sport: time for action.2019In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 5 of 5
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