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  • 1.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Digitalisering och social exklusion: Om medborgares användning av och attityder till Arbetsförmedlingens digitala tjänster2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report focuses on the users of e-government in a social science perspective. Our aim is to study how different social groups, registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service, relate to the internet, the agency and the services offered on its website (www.ams.se).

    The field of e-government research is dominated by studies that centre attention on the supply side (videlicet research investigating the entrance of IT in organizations and the implications that new technology have to these), while usercentred research (demand side) is still scarce. Our study, focusing on how citizens relate to the internet in general and e-government in particular, therefore helps to bridge a knowledge gap within the field.

    Our survey is based on a questionnaire sent to 2 000 randomly selected persons, all registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service. Of these, 762 job seekers responded, which gives us a frequency rate of 40 percent. The questions asked were related to the job seekers’ usage of and attitudes towards the internet in general and the agency’s webpage in particular, but also to their attitudes to the Swedish Public Employment Service.

    The main results show that social factors, particularly education, play a major role for the job seekers’ ability to use the web based services offered by the agency. People with a lower educational level are less inclined to use the agency’s website, and at the same time they experience the site as more complicated to use. We also found a strong link between the relations to the internet (access, usage, experience and attitudes) and the relations to the agency’s website. Those with advantaged internet relations – mostly well educated people, white collars and people living in bigger cities – also use the agency’s website more diligently and tend to have more positive attitudes towards it (and vice versa). Thus, its necessary to talk in terms of digitally well equipped and less well equipped groups.

    The unequal relations to the internet in general and the agency’s website in particular not only indicate that e-government is more suitable for the digitally well equipped, but that it in fact exclude those with less digital resources. This new kind of exclusion has great implications for the job seekers’ possibilities to enter the labour market, and to act their role as citizens. If e government also means a reformation of the citizen role – in the sense of increased individual responsibility towards the government - not bridging the digital divide will carry even more exclusion to those that’s already excluded.

  • 2.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Olika publiker, olika livsstilar: Om idrott, kultur och regional utveckling2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I föreliggande rapport studeras vilka sociala värden som elitidrotten och kulturen genererar för invånarna i landsortspräglade län som Blekinge, Halland, Kalmar och Kronoberg. Studien syftar till att lämna ett bidrag till den samhällsvetenskapliga idrottsforskningen, och ge ökad kunskap om idrottens och kulturens betydelse för den regionala utvecklingen.

    Studiens material vilar på en postenkät skickad till 1500 slumpmässigt utvalda personer i respektive län. Det sammanlagda antalet besvarade enkäter uppgick till 3181 stycken, vilket ger en nettosvarsfrekvens på 54 procent.

    Rapporten visar bland annat att både idrott och kultur värderas relativt högt och konsumeras i relativt stor utsträckning. Beträffande idrott konsumeras främst breddidrottsliga evenemang, och vad gäller kultur besöks bibliotek och biografer oftare än exempelvis teatrar.

    Studien visar också att de kultur- respektive idrottsintresserade skiljer sig åt vad gäller demografi, men även vad gäller livsstil. De idrottsintresserade har en mer folklig och lantlig prägel, medan de kulturintresserade är att betrakta som en välutbildad kosmopolitisk grupp. Med tanke på de sistnämndas ökade rörlighet är satsningar på kultur ej att förringa. Denna typ av satsningar kan få denna resursstarka grupp att dels stanna kvar i landsorten, dels flytta in till densamma.

  • 3.
    Abdulla, Sara
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Den europeiska arresteringsordern: Hjälpande eller stjälpande för mellanstatligt samarbete?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4. Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Agevall, Lena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Välfärdssektorns projektifiering: kortsiktiga lösningar av långsiktiga problem?2009In: Kommunal ekonomi och politik, ISSN 1402-8700, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 35-60Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Abrezol, Caroline
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    New regionalism: the cases of NAFTA and MERCOSUR: How can regional co-operation be explained?2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The end of the Cold War crucially changed the way in which the world is organised and brought an end to what is referred to as the “old” regionalism. A trend towards some form of “new” regionalism has thus been observed during the 1990s. The objective of this thesis is therefore, firstly, to outline the characteristics of the new regionalism in order to examine to what extent the phenomenon is reflected in the reality of regional organisations, and, secondly, to establish which model of co-operation the same organisations can be said to follow. Following this idea, a comparative case study is performed with the selected cases of NAFTA and MERCOSUR, on which a theoretical model for analysis is applied in order to establish whether theories of International Relations, in this case Liberalism and Realism, can explain the emergence and existence of both organisations.

    Results show that NAFTA is less inclined to show signs of the trend towards the new regionalism than MERCOSUR does, and that NAFTA to a larger extent follows a realist model of co-operation, while MERCOSUR follows a more liberal model of co-operation.

  • 6.
    Adnerhill, Therese
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    One committee - two institutions?: The Committee of European Affairs in Sweden and Denmark2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to have some say and to scrutinise the government all member states of the EU today has established an institution within their national parliaments, the Committee of European Affairs. This institution, however, has very different rights and regulations depending on the country it is established in. This study uses two rather similar countries, Sweden and Denmark, and investigates what differences and similarities the two committees show.

    By constructing a comparative case study of four units of analysis, the governments and committees of European Affairs in Sweden and Denmark, the formal and informal power relationship between government and committee in each country were studied in order to determine similarities and differences and whether the committee had an impact on the governments’ EU policies. Further they were compared, assessing whether the Danish Committee of European Affairs was more powerful than its Swedish counterpart because of its legal basis in an EU document.

    The theoretical framework was built on empirical institutionalism and Lukes’ first and second dimension of power. The similarities and differences were accounted for and compared. In conclusion, the Danish Committee of European Affairs has more formal power than its Swedish counterpart but regarding informal power the Swedish Committee of European Affairs has a slight advantage. Both committees have an impact on the way their government handle negotiations with the EU.

    Keywords: formal power, informal power, the Committee of European Affairs, Sweden, Denmark

  • 7.
    Agevall, Lena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    En professionell lärare och ämbetsman eller utförare, manager, terapeut?2008In: Demokrati och makt.: Vänbok till Lennart Lundquiat, Lund, Statsvetenskaplig tidskrift , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Agevall, Lena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    När återställningsmekanismerna inte aktiveras:: En problematisering av villkor för sorti och protest2009In: Mellan hantverk och profession: Samhällsvetenskap på klassisk grund. En vänbok till Gunnar Olofsson / [ed] Eva Fasth, Sven Hort & Svante Lundberg, Lund: Arkiv , 2009, p. 67-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Agevall, Lena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Välfärdens organisering och demokratin: - en analys av New Public Management2005Book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Fritzén, Lena
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Johnsson, Eva
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Jonnergård, Karin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Tidens tand - att analysera förändringsprocesser i professionella grupper2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Idlinge, Björn
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Ungdomars delaktighet och inflytande i EU-frågor: En utvärdering av Djurens Rätts projekt2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Jenner, HåkanVäxjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Bilder av polisarbete: Samhällsuppdrag, dilemman och kunskapskrav2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här antologin ges några bilder av polisarbete. Författarna representerar olika ämnen och har skilda infallsvinklar på frågan. Men sammanhållande teman är samhällsuppdraget – att skydda demokratiska värden – samt de professionella och etiska dilemman och kunskapskrav som är förknippade med uppdraget. Boken har sitt upphov i en seminarieserie om polisforskning som under två års tid anordnades vid Växjö universitet.

    Här diskuteras polisarbete som en uppgift att hantera dilemman, yrkeskulturen, bemötandet av personer med psykiatriska problem, samarbetet med socialtjänsten vid tvångsomhändertaganden, rättstatliga krav, arbetet med inre utlänningskontroll, hur poliser skildras i kriminallitteraturen vilket kan påverka allmänhetens syn och hur genusaspekten tar sig uttryck i utbildningen.

    Boken vänder sig till dem som är intresserade av polisarbete och även till dem som har ett mer övergripande intresse för professionsfrågor och de krav som kan ställas på tjänstemän i en offentlig verksamhet.

    Redaktörerna Lena Agevall, docent i statsvetenskap, och Håkan Jenner, professor i pedagogik, är verksamma vid Växjö universitet.

  • 13.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Jenner, Håkan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Dealing with dilemmas: A fundamental task in police work2007In: In Tension between Organization and Profession: Professionals in Nordic Public Services, Nordic Academic Press, Lund , 2007, p. 169-191Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is based on a survey of Swedish and international police research. A fundamental task in police work is discussed: dealing with dilemmas. These have to be handled in a judiciously way by the police officers, as there are no absolute answers to the question of how to act in various situations. The reasoning is linked to questions about multi-functional organizations and competence.

  • 14.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Jenner, Håkan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Lärares professionalitet - förmågan att hantera dilemman2008In: När den professionella autonomin blir ett problem, Växjö universitet , 2008Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna antologi bygger på tio kapitel som belyser frågeställningar kring när den professionella autonomin blir problem. Teoretiskt och empiriskt material hämtas från flera olika professioners områden och ger tillsammans en översikt över den forskning som bedrivs vid Forum för Professionsforskning (FPF) vid Växjö Universitet

    Boken vänder sig i första hand till studerande på avancerad nivå inom ämnesområdena arbetsvetenskap, företagsekonomi, pedagogik, polisvetenskap, socialt arbete, sociologi, statsvetenskap och vårdvetenskap. Boken är relevant för utbildningar och vidareutbildningar, liksom för forskare och yrkesversamma som är nyfikna på forskningen inom området.

  • 15.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Jenner, Håkan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Education.
    Polisarbetet som en uppgift att hantera dilemman2006In: Bilder av polisarbete: Samhällsuppdrag, dilemman och kunskapskrav, Växjö universitet , 2006, p. 13-33 (20 sid)Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utifrån svensk och internationell polisforskning pekas ett antal dilemman ut, och en diskussion förs om hur de kan hanteras på ett omdömesgillt sätt.

  • 16.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences. Statsvetenskap.
    Jonnergård, Karin
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics. Ekonomistyrning.
    Management by documents - a risk of de-professionalizing?2007In: In tension between Organization and Profession: Professionals in Nordic Public Service, Nordic Academic Presss, Lund , 2007, p. 33-56Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    If we have to document our professional action, will we then only perform the actions that we are supposed to document? This question reflects the content of this chapter. The chapter includes a frame of reference for studying control of professionals in organizations and illustration on different types of professional controls.

  • 17.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Albert O. Hisrchmans liv och verk2008In: Sorti eller protest: En fråga om lojaliteter, Arkiv Förlag, Lund , 2008, p. 7-12Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Olofsson, Gunnar
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Förord till den nya svenska utgåvan av Sorti eller protest2008In: Sorti eller protest: En fråga om lojaliteter, Lund: Arkiv förlag & tidskrift, 2008, p. 13-33Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förod till Albert O.Hirschmans bok "Sorti eller protest"

  • 19.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    A Science of Unique Events2009In: The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, W.W. Norton & Company, New York , 2009, p. 155-179Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    A Science of Unique Events: Max Weber's Methodology of the Cultural Sciences1999Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Den akademiska frihetens gränser2006In: Lychnos: Annual of the Swedish History of Science SocietyArticle, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Historieämnets legitimitet: Några preliminära frågor2001In: Humanetten, ISSN 1403-2279, no 9Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Livet i den flytande moderniteten2003In: Axess, ISSN 1651-0941, Vol. 2, no 7, p. 42-43Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 24.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Max Webers Freiburger Antrittsrede: Om migrationsprocesser, social urbäddning och social förändring2001In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 38, no 3-4, p. 148-177Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Mobbning, interaktion och meningsproduktion: Lokala kulturer, individuella trakasserier och kategoriell uteslutning2007In: Social interaktion: Förutsättningar och former, LIber; Malmö , 2007, p. 164-188Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Mobbning som företeelse har en obestämd men med all sannolikhet mycket lång historia. Som begrepp har det däremot en betydligt kortare livstid, och under sitt livslopp har det genomgått viktiga betydelseskridningar. Det vi idag menar med mobbning är inte detsamma som avsågs med begreppet när det först blev en offentlig angelägenhet i slutet av 1960-talet. Den första delen av denna uppsats skildrar den meningsproduktion som, via interaktioner mellan vardagsspråk och vetenskap, har format och omformat mobbningsbegreppet. Historiken är ett preludium till ett teoretiskt bidrag, vars syfte är att ge en ny ingång till studiet av mobbning som företeelse. Mobbningsdiskursens historia har, direkt och indirekt, präglat forskningen på området – forskningens huvudfåra är kvantitativ och individualpsykologisk, med fokus på stabila personlighetskarakteristika hos offer och förövare. Men vid sidan av allfartsvägen har det också vuxit fram alternativ. Ett sådant är Björn Erikssons analyser av mobbning. Det teoretiska resonemang som utmejslas i denna uppsats tar sin utgångspunkt i de mekanismer som Eriksson identifierar. Interaktion och meningsproduktion återkommer här som huvudrollsinnehavare, men nu i en helt annan mening än den som avsågs i beskrivningen av mobbningsdiskursens historia. Nu gäller analysen social interaktion och meningsproduktion inom ramen för begynnande och fullt utvecklade mobbningsrelationer – två faktorer som fått underordnad betydelse i den dominerande forskningstraditionen på området. Arbetet med att vidareutveckla Erikssons teori tar som sin stödjepunkt en sekundäranalys av två hittills orelaterade forskningslitteraturer, barnetnografier och kvantitativa studier av öknamn. Resultatet är ett teoretiskt ramverk som bland annat förmår göra reda för relationen mellan individualiserande mobbning och kategoriellt bundna trakasseriformer som rasism och homofobi.

  • 26.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Om begreppskarriärer: en fallstudie av stereotypiernas väg genom de psykiatriska diagnoserna2009In: Mellan hantverk och profession: Samhällsvetenskap på klassisk grund / [ed] Eva Fasth, Sven Hort & Svante Lundberg, Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2009, p. 173-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Osund kärlek till fel klassiker2004In: Axess: årgång 3, nr.5: 49-51, ISSN 1651-0941, Vol. 3, no 5, p. 49-51Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Recension: Bo Lindberg (red.): Trygghet och äventyr: om begreppshistoria2007In: Lychnos: årsbok för idé- och lärdomshistoria, ISSN 0076-1648, p. 376-77Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Science, Values, and the Empirical Argument in Max Weber's Inaugural Address2004In: Max Weber Studies, ISSN 1470-8078, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 157-177Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 30.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    The career of mobbing: emergence, transformation, and utilisation of a new concept2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Concepts play a part in any scientific endeavour. They simultaneously serve as receptacles for previously attained knowledge, as vehicles of scientific and didactic communication, and as building blocks in the construction of new descriptive and explanatory schemes. In this sense, concepts are central to the cognitive organisation of scientific disciplines. But disciplines also differ from one another, and not just in terms of the stock of concepts deemed necessary for internal scientific communication but also, for example, in terms of the logic of conceptual change, the relative influx of connotations, and the degree of universal adherence to specific definitions.

    One crucial characteristic of the social sciences is that they share part of their vocabulary with the lay people they study. In some cases, social scientific terminology has trickled into everyday speech; in other cases the social sciences have proceeded by refining and redefining locutions found in natural languages. The aim of this book is to study empirically, by means of a detailed case study, the mechanisms that shape concept formation in the social sciences. It focuses on the history of the concept of ‘mobbing’, with special reference to the interaction between science and lay conceptions. This condensed conceptual history shows that the public discourse, that was instrumental in the diffusion and entrenchment of the notion of mobbing in the early 1970s, significantly shaped the career, contents, and uses of the corresponding scientific concept.

  • 31.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Thinking about configurations: Max Weber and modern social science2005In: Etica e politica: Max Weber: che cosa è vivo oggi del suo pensiero e della sua opera?, ISSN 1825-5167, Vol. 7, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article addresses Max Weber’s relevance for modern social science. The first part is a quantitative assessment of Weber’s fate in mainstream sociology; the second part presents an argument that Weber’s work contains elements of combinatorial thinking which makes it suitable for analysis in terms of the methodological apparatus developed by Charles Ragin. On the one hand, it is shown that Ragin’s notation and concepts are useful in bringing out some important features in Weber’s methodology and substantive writings. On the other hand, it is suggested that Weber’s use of configurations extend into areas that have received little attention in mainstream sociology.

  • 32.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Varför homo economicus inte är girig2001In: Vår tids ekonomism: En kritik av nationalekonomin, Boréa, Umeå , 2001, p. 57-80Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Agevall, Ola
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Weber, kausaliteten och oändligheten1994In: Sociologisk Forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 57-75Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Agevall, Ola
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Swedberg, Richard
    The Max Weber Dictionary: Key Words and Central Concepts2005Book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Al-Maawaly, Nura
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Demoneycrazy: A case study of the United Arab Emirates2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Alsterlund, Per
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Globala frågor i samhällskunskap A: Uppnås målen?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis investigates how teachers in political science work with global issues in their teaching. It investigates the implementation within a specific area. Implementation is a problematic concept and in debate it is often accused of not working.

    This thesis finds out whether dissatisfaction exists among teachers when it comes to how municipal schools work with global issues.

    The investigation consists of three interviews made with teachers in political science, all from municipal upper secondary schools, in three different cities.

    The result shows that dissatisfaction exists among the teachers. Lack of time and lack of dialogue between the teachers and the principles are described as the main hindrances to reach the goals of the implementation. The implementation is however, in a broad outline, depicted positively.

  • 37.
    Alvarsson, Emilia
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Ungdomar och politik: 2001-2006 i Olofströms kommun2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have done a research about how youth councill in Olofströms rural district work in practice and if this conduce to the rural districts work of democracy. My intention is to examine how the youth councill has workt, how it was build up and why did the rural district decide to start a youth councill in Olofström. Did the intentions agree with how the youth councill worked in reality? The choice of subject is to look at how the local democracy work is working in reality. The youth councill is an example on that.

    My methods are interviews with politicians in the rural district and close reading of the rural districts minutes and decisions about youth councill and the youth councills bills between 2001 and 2006. The study gives a chronological illustration over which questions were young people interested of during the period. I have come to the conclusion that the youth councill works relative well but not every politician thinks so as it come out of the interwiews. The youth councill has consolidated the democracy work in some extension.

  • 38.
    Alvarsson, John
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Dagens Nyheters bild av förslaget till konstitution för Europa: En studie av mediernas betydelse för vår bild av viktiga politiska händelser2006Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study deals with Swedish newspapers' portrayals of the Treaty which establishes a Constitution for Europe, which then influenced Swedish newspaper readers. This study connects the areas of both media and politics. What the media states can be expected to shape

    public opinion, especially when it comes to foreign policy issues. In order to fullfill the aim of the study, I have constructed two problems which I have answered to in accordance with my data, theoretical framework and research method. My data consists of articles from the largest Swedish morning newspaper Dagens Nyheter. The theoretical framework of this study is a combination of political science, media- and communication science and behaviour science. I have utilized two research methods in this study; a qualitative analysis of content, which transcends into different categories, and a method of quantification of the main actors in the

    articles. One of the results that I have discovered in this study is that the image of the Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe offered to the readers is a fairly positive one.

  • 39.
    Amang, Joan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Syskonplacering, förändringsbenägenhet och konfliktbenägenhet på arbetsplatsen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka sambandet mellan syskonplacering med föränd-ringsbenägenhet och konfliktbenägenhet i arbetslivet. 214 arbetstagare från 8 olika arbetsplat-ser deltog i en enkätundersökning, varav 102 män och 112 kvinnor med en medelålder på 32,62 år (sd=10,64). Frågeställning och hypoteser konstruerades utifrån Sulloways (1996) teorier om syskonplacering. Man antar specifika nischer för att få föräldrarnas maximala uppmärksamhet i strävan för överlevnad och detta i sin tur påverkar formningen av vår per-sonlighet. Förutom demografiska frågor kombinerades två färdigkonstruerade enkäter (WCS och RTC) som var avsedda att mäta konfliktbenägenhet och förändringsbenägenhet. Resulta-tet visade signifikant samband mellan konfliktbenägenhet och förändringsbenägenhet, med andra ord ju mer konfliktbenägen man var desto mindre förändringsbenägen var man. Vidare samspelade syskonplacering med de beroende variablerna där det visade sig att endabarn hade signifikant högre konfliktbenägenhet och var mindre förändringsbenägna i denna studie. Ju senare man var född i syskonskaran desto mer konfliktbenägen var man på arbetsplatsen med undantag av yngstabarn som efterliknade äldstabarn. Vad gäller förändringsbenägenhet fanns det endast signifikant skillnad för mellanbarn det vill säga att mellanbarn var mer föränd-ringsbenägna på arbetet. Därmed fanns det stöd för Sulloways teori om syskonplacering och dess påverkan på personlighetsutveckling.

  • 40.
    Amhliden, Sofia
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Bergquist, Stina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Whistle-Blowers in Viet Nam: Possibilities and obstacles from an institutional perspective2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate, from an institutional perspective, the implications of the

    new anti-corruption law in Viet Nam with a particular focus on its impact on civil society

    and individual rights to report on corruption. The overarching research question is: How do

    formal and informal institutions affect whistle-blowers possibilities to engage in combat of

    corruption in Viet Nam? To blow the whistle in Viet Nam can be problematic, with

    consequences such as loosing his/hers job and social exclusion. Whistle-blowers in Viet

    Nam today seem to have an insufficient confidence to official authorities. Moreover, a

    problem of significance is that whistle-blowers have to state their name and contact details

    when reporting on corrupt acts to competent agencies. Another problem is that civil society

    is strongly connected to the CPV (Communist Party of Viet Nam).

  • 41.
    Andersdotter, Lina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Den lilla kommunen och den stora demokratifrågan: E-demokrati i Lessebo kommun2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen behandlar ämnet E-demokrati. Detta är ett relativt nytt begrepp, speciellt i Sverige

    och det befinner sig i en utvecklingsfas. E-demokrati handlar om ett nytt sätt att arbeta med

    demokrati, med hjälp av dagens tekniska hjälpmedel som Internet, e-post och olika

    datorprogram. Det är inte en ny form av demokrati utan möjligheten till nya infallsvinklar i

    arbetet att jobba gentemot medborgarna.

    Uppsatsen är kopplad till Lessebo Kommun där en fältstudie utförts i samband med en

    praktik. Kommunen är i uppstarten av etablering av ny och utveckling av gammal teknik.

    Därför är det intressant att undersöka om den demokratiska frågan finns med i kommunens

    arbete när den nya tekniken implementeras. Då uppsatsen görs på en kulturgeografisk kurs har

    studien inriktats på Plankontoret på kommunen och specifikt på deras nyinköpta GISprogram.

    Därför är mycket av den nya tekniken relaterad till GIS och hur kommunen kan

    använda detta för att utvecklas internt och i sin kontakt med medborgarna.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Nilsson, Conny
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Hur mycket predicerar biopsykosociala faktorer alkoholkonsumtionen i förhållande till BMI hos studenter?2009Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent alcohol consumption among students is predicted by biological (BMI, age and gender), psychological (Lo-cus of Control and The Big Five Theory) and social (drinking habits within the family and reasons for alcohol consumption) factors. We have chosen to investigate each respondent’s alcohol consumption in relation to BMI and then see to what extent the variance can be predicted by the variables we have investigated. Our selection con-sists of upper secondary school students and university students in Växjö. A total of 201 persons participated in the inquiry, of whom 107 were men and 94 were women. The data was collected by means of a questionnaire. We conducted a multiple regres-sion analysis which showed alcohol consumption can be predicted to 34.3% by the variables in this study. In our selection the biological factors alone predicted 13.1% of the alcohol consumption, the psychological factors 13.3% and the social factors 7.9%. This study seeks to highlight some of the factors that affect an individual’s consump-tion of alcohol, this in order to create a deeper understanding concerning alcohol pat-terns among students.

  • 43.
    Andersson, Hanna
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Johansson, Sandra
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Leva och bo i Västra Torsås2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Leva och Bo i Västra Torsås

    Författad av:

    Hanna Andersson och Sandra Johansson

    Studien är ett uppdrag som har syftat till att genomföra en utredning om invånarna i Västra Torsås åt Sockenrådet. Avsikten med utredningen är att kartlägga invånarnas åsikter och attityder. Slutprodukten ska sedan fungera som ett styrdokument och vägleda Sockenrådet i det framtida arbetet.

    Uppsatsens fokus ligger på invånarna i Västra Torsås vardagstrivsel. Vi undersöker om det finns faktorer som är grundläggande för att trivas i samhället, dessa är: kön, ålder, hem- och familjesituation, arbetssituation, bakgrund, människor i individens närhet, gemenskap samt förenings- och fritidsaktiviteter.

    Vi använde oss av en av en enkätundersökning. Urvalet utgjordes av ett proportionellt stratifierat urval på 15 procent av totalpopulationen i åldrarna 20-79 år. Den slutgiltiga svarsfrekvensen blev 65 procent. Datamaterialet bearbetades sedan i statistikprogrammet SPSS. Resultatet analyserades utifrån våra valda teoretiska utgångspunkter som var normer, fält och kapital och anpassning.

    För att Västra Torsås invånare ska kunna uppleva vardagstrivsel erfordras; att normerna överensstämmer och följs, att individen innehar vissa kapital, av omgivningen, ansedda som de rätta, samt att individen är anpassad genom att de krav som ställs är uppfyllda. Vi konstaterar även att samtliga ovan nämnda faktorer förutom kön och ålder påverkar om invånarna i Västra Torsås upplever vardagstrivsel eller ej

    Nyckelord: Normer, Anpassning, Vardagstrivsel, Glesbygd

  • 44.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Pop-culture icons as agents of change?: The roles and fucntions of celebrity activists in peace- and development related global issues2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the possible theoretic and (f)actual role(s) of pop-culture icons in peace and evelopment-related global issues, using the qualitative research methods of text- and discourse analysis. Do pop-culture icons have a role to play at all in this field? If so, what is that role? What are these celebrity activists currently saying and doing on the international development scene and what are their analyses like? What are their current and historical functions? There is support in the academic literature suggesting that celebrity activists can possess vast power resources (scope of influence), (soft) power and (charismatic) authority, which in turn enables them to influence the attitudes and values of (especially young, receptive) people. The findings also show that the most successful celebrity activists have a global reach, as well as access to the international arenas of political power (e. g. the G8 and the World Economic Forum). Celebrity activists seem to be able to "sell" messages in a way that the politicians and officials of today cannot. When they speak, people listen. They further employ a two-level outreach, as they connect with political and economical elite groups as well as with the masses of world citizens in a way that politicians and officials, whose influence is more often limited by traditional nation state boundaries, cannot. I argue that the celebrity activists should be seen as a complement to the civil society and the work of NGO's and INGO's, since it is by further enhancing their work and strengthening their agendas that most of them act.Celebrity activists offer an alternative to the political establishment, which is viewed by suspicion by large groups of citizens, and can play a role in empowerment, inspiration, education, information, awareness raising, fundraising, opinion building and lobbying and function as diplomats, spokespersons, ambassadors, entrepreneurs, convenors and heroic voices.

  • 45.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Rockstjärna, aktivist, opinionsbildare: Har U2-sångaren Bonos sociala, humanitära och politiska engagemang egentligen haft något inflytande över den internationella politiken?2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this minor thesis I describe and analyze Irish rock star Bono’s social, humanitarian and political commitment using a qualitative method of analysis (literature studies) and a broad theoretical framework. The study discusses such concepts as “agenda setting”, “soft power” and “charismatic authority”, as well as the power resources of the celebrity and the power of the media.

    The aim of the study has been 1) to see if Bono’s commitment has influenced/influences politics and policies, 2) to describe and analyze Bono’s commitment with the focus on what issues he has supported and worked for, 3) to describe his approach, and 4) to see if one can trace any concrete or measurable results that can be linked to Bono personally.

    More specifically, the study sets out to answer the following research questions:

    When was the start of Bono’s commitment? How has it changed or evolved throughout the years? What issues and organisations has he supported and worked for, and in what way?

    What do the political elites, the economical and academic institutions, the media and the NGO’s say about Bono’s commitment? And last but not least: Is it possible to ”measure” the results of this commitment ?

    The findings show that Bono’s commitment has indeed mattered politically, even though it still, as often the case with qualitative research methods, remains uncertain as to exactly what degree - because of difficulties involved in the process of measuring. What can be concluded, though, is that Bono personally, thanks to his status in the music business and his charismatic authority, as a single actor and as part of a context, structure or network (e.g. Jubilee 2000, DATA), has inspired and empowered individual human beings as well as influenced politics and policies on the national and international level (strengthened NGO or citizen initiatives by providing the sought-after media exposure and persuaded/lobbied politicians to change their positions on for example debt relief).

  • 46.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Brodin, Charlotte
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Sociala medier- child of the revolution?: En kvalitativ studie med Facebook i rampljuset2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Namnet web 2.0 refererar till ett relativt nytt sätt att kommunicera och dela information på Internet. Utvecklingen av web 2.0 har lett till en uppkomst av sociala nätverk på Internet, så som de populära nätverken Facebook och myspace. Med över 130 miljoner användare är facebook utan tvekan det största och mest kända sociala nätverk som finns idag. Vi tror, och vet, att det finns kommersiella intressen inom denna nya genre, PR industrin är ett exempel. Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka relationen mellan företag och deras kunder ur ett sociala medier perspektiv. Vi har använt oss av en kvalitativ metod, då vi har intervjuat ett antal representanter från PR-branschen, samt andra experter i ämnet. Det teoretiska perspektiv som använts är bland annat Jörgen Habermas tankar om den offentliga sfären och demokrati. Resultatet av studien visar att användandet av sociala medier bidrar till en ny typ av kommunikation mellan företag och dess kunder där kunden tilldelas mer makt och inflytande. En vanlig företeelse idag är att missnöjda kunder eller konsumenter möts på de sociala nätverken och bildar grupper för att få sina röster hörda. Företag tvingas då att bemöta kritiken offentligt. Ett exempel är bredbandsbolaget Glocalnet där en grupp besvikna kunder diskuterade sitt missnöje angående uppkopplingen. Glocalnet bad därefter om ursäkt, skickade presentkort och etablerade en fast kundtjänst på Facebook. Vi menar att företag och organisationer helt enkelt måste anpassa sig efter användares kommunikationssätt, på både gott och ont. Vi tror att de sociala medierna generellt sett har en potential att verka som ett forum för samhällsdebatt, i samma anda som Habermas förespråkar.

  • 47.
    Andersson, Martina
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Nei til EU: Är det rationellt för Norge att stå utanför EU?2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to illustrate why Norway is not a member of the EU from a rational choice perspective. In order to fulfil this purpose, two questions will constitute the framework of the study. These are:

    1. What are the arguments of the EU-opposers in the Norwegian EU-debate?

    2. Is it rational for Norway to stand outside the EU?

    The first question was answered by analyzing and mapping out the arguments of the Norweigan EU-opponents and then using a critical literature study to analyse them. To demarcate the study, only the arguments of the parliamentary parties that are opposing a Norwegian EU-membership, and the official organisation Nei til EU (No to the EU) were included. The second question was tested by using a rational choice theory and a number of keywords from the classical rational actor model; objectives, alternatives, consequences and choice. These keywords constituted the main analyzing instrument of the study and was applied on the empirical material.

    The main arguments of the opposers of a Norweigan EU-membership, are widely spoken democracy, freedom of action, environment and solidarity. The debate is hard to map out because of its general character but is very homogeneous. The second question is answered partly in the light of the first one and the result shows that it is rational for Norway to stay outside the EU today, but the question may have to be reassessed in the future, and probably will be since the debate is still so fervent.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Robert
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Identiteten ”invandrare” i svensk morgonpress hösten 2007: - en diskursteoretisk studie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study is to go into depth and analyze the identity ”immigrant” (invandrare) and how it is constituted in Dagens Nyheter, Svenska Dagbladet and Sydsvenska Dagbladet. An investigation (SOU 2006:21) by Swedish authorities concludes that immigrants are portrayed in an unfavorable way in Swedish media, whilst Gunnar Sandelin in a debate article in Sweden’s biggest morning newspaper (Dagens Nyheter) meant that Swedish media lies about immigrants, creating an image of them that is too favorable that is not in touch with reality. This gives this thesis momentum to further investigate the identity immigrants are given in Swedish media.

    The theory and method used in this thesis is Laclau’s and Mouffe’s discourse theory. Discourse theory is well suited for revealing a certain group’s identity using chains of equivalence or chains of analogy. The discourse theory is sprung out of Marxist ideologies, especially Gramsci’s theories. Social antagonism, hegemony and identity are key concepts in discourse theory.

    The study shows that the word ”immigrant” only appears in articles that concern different problems in the society. No articles underlining the positive aspects of immigrants were found in the study and none of the journalists identified themselves as an immigrant. The newspapers in this study labels individuals ”immigrant” if they are in need of resources and help from the Swedish society. Immigrants were also not able to constitute their own identity though the constituting power was in the hands of the Swedish morning press.

  • 49.
    Andersson, Robert
    et al.
    Växjö University, Police officer programme.
    Nilsson, Roddy
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Svensk kriminalpolitik2009 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här boken beskriver och analyserar den svenska kriminalpolitikens utveckling från en institutionsbaserad och straffbetonad kriminalpolitik i statens regi, över välfärdsstatens sociala ingenjörskonst, till dagens ”nya” kriminalpolitik med växande betoning på kontroll och risktänkande. Straffen har fått en renässans, samtidigt som brottsoffren får stor uppmärksamhet. Författarna diskuterar även statens roll och vad EUmedlemskapet inneburit för svensk kriminalpolitik.

  • 50.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Social Sciences.
    Exploring Corruption in Sweden: Types of Corruption, Danger Zones, and Control Mechanisms2008Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ever more research is engaged in understanding corruption. But we still need more knowledge about which areas in society it affects, and how institutional and contextual conditions influence corruption and the risk of corruption. Moreover, countries regarded as among the least corrupt have seldom been examined. This book addresses these gaps. It employs a multi-method approach that combines case- and variable-orientated strategies to study corruption and corruption risks in the public sector in Sweden, a country that the literature regards as having few problems of this type. The empirical studies are conducted using a comparative logic and with an eye to international comparisons. The study draws upon a range of data, such as surveys, newspaper articles and primary sources, including legal documents and a large number of personally conducted interviews. This book is relevant for scholars, students and practitioners with an interest in corruption risks in representative democracy in general and the public sector in particular.

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