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  • 1.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Nordström, Thomas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, Ulrika B.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Fälth, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Ingvar, Martin
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Effects of a formative assessment system on early reading development2019In: Education, ISSN 0013-1172, Vol. 140, no 1, p. 17-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present quantitative results from the pilot-year of a large scale Swedish educational project in reading development called LegiLexi, inspired by research within the Response to intervention and Formative assessment traditions. The vision of the project is that every pupil should reach adequate reading skills at the end of grade 3 in primary school. LegiLexi contains a formative assessment tool and a teacher course, which are linked together. We describe LegiLexi and analyze quantitative effects of the pilot year regarding reading development for pupils in grade 1. The design included three conditions; full access to LegiLexi, access only to the formative assessment tool, and control. Results showed that the group with full access to LegiLexi improved their word decoding and reading comprehension the most. For language comprehension, the Formative assessment only group showed the highest improvements. Thus, the features of LegiLexi seem to help enhance critical reading skills. Some changes will be made in the project to strengthen methodological aspects and further facilitate pupils’ reading development.

  • 2.
    Nordström, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Andersson, Ulrika B.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Fälth, Linda
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Pedagogy and Learning.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Teacher inquiry of using assessments and recommendations in teaching early reading2019In: Studies in Educational Evaluation, ISSN 0191-491X, E-ISSN 1879-2529, Vol. 63, p. 9-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research point to difficulties for teachers to interpret reading assessment data with regard to instructional decisions. This study explored Swedish primary teachers' use of assessments and recommendations, in order to be able to target individual needs. Eight teachers participated in a reading program and were interviewed in focus-group meetings. The analysis of teacher narratives stemming from assessment use resulted in three themes: Awareness of student learningChanges in the organization of teaching, but not regarding individualized content and Strengthened teacher role, but modest professional growth. The themes indicated that the teachers had become aware of their students’ learning, had employed teaching based on informed decisions, and showed initial professional growth.

    However, the assessment details and the recommendations allowed for more adjustments than was evident in the teachers’ narratives. The results point to the relative difficulty of targeting individual needs in the general classroom education, and to the challenges of changing teaching practices.

  • 3. Nordström, Thomas
    et al.
    Gustafson, Stefan
    Linköpings universitet.
    Fälth, Linda
    Andersson, Ulrika B.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Ingvar, Martin
    Karolinska institutet.
    The potential of a forward-looking assessment and teaching system on students' reading gains2019In: European Dyslexia Association Autumn Seminar, Växjö, Sweden, September 27-29, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    How can teachers optimize reading instruction in Swedish schools? This poster presents findings from two studies investigating A) grade 1-3 teachers’ use of a forward-looking assessment and teaching system (LegiLexi) and B), its effect on student reading gains in Grade 1. The purpose of study A was to support teachers with an assessment system which included teaching recommendations for individual students and to study how that support enabled teachers to individualize instruction. The purpose of study B was to gather evidence that such support is superior in relation to “teaching as usual”.

    Method

    In study A, focus group meetings of eight active LegiLexi teachers were used as to answer the question of the extent teachers managed to individualize instruction in their everyday practice. In study B, we randomly assigned schools to three conditions; full access to LegiLexi (8 schools/217 students), access only to part of LegiLexi (4 schools/86 students) and control (9 schools/208 students), following estimated effects of LegiLexi across three test occasions containing reading measures.   

    Results/conclusions

    In study A, results revealed that teachers were supported by LegiLexi, and were able to individualize instruction primarily by creating dynamic reading groups of students. However, individualizing further proved challenging. In study B, findings revealed that the group with full access to LegiLexi improved their word decoding (d=1.79 vs 1.33 and 1.20) and reading comprehension the most (d=1.75 vs 1.45 and 1.16). Thus, the findings show promising results for Swedish schools of how to improve reading instruction by focusing on students’ individual needs.

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