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  • 1.
    Booker, Nancy
    et al.
    Aga Khan University, Kenya.
    Mutsvairo, Bruce
    Utrecht University, Netherlands.
    Baliah, Dinesh
    University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Adjin-Tettey, Theodora Dame
    Durban University of Technology, South Africa.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Tallert, Lars
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), FOJO: Medieinstitutet.
    Mujati, Jean
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), FOJO: Medieinstitutet.
    Putting Forward Sustainability as a Model for Journalism Education and Training2024Ingår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, s. 1-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    African journalism practice presents unique opportunities and challenges that require journalists to be equipped with the necessary skills, knowledge, and values to engage in sustainable journalism. Training institutions play a critical role in ensuring that journalists are not only professionally-ready to execute their mandate but also that they can safeguard and promote ethical values in their everyday work. Some of these values include “truth telling, independence, objectivity, fairness, inclusivity and social justice” (Gade, Nduka, and Dastger 2017, 10). Africa, like other regions of the Global South, has several journalism training institutions that provide an opportunity to challenge “hegemonic epistemologies and ontologies of Western-centric journalism studies” (Mutsvairo et al. 2021, 993). In the context of this submission, the present study investigates the current state of sustainable journalism in Africa. We examined data based on a syllabi analysis of journalism programs in Kenya, South Africa and Ghana to appraise what role sustainable journalism education and training could play in Africa. Findings show that efforts are already in place across select learning and training institutions but also point to profound gaps in the curriculum, pedagogy and resources needed to prepare journalists for sustainable journalism.

  • 2.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Gulf University for Science and Technology, Kuwait.
    Introduction2019Ingår i: Media and Journalism in an Age of Terrorism / [ed] Renaud de la Brosse & Kristoffer Holt, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2019, s. xi-xviKapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 3.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Holt, KristofferLinnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, En ifrågasatt demokrati. Gulf University of Science and Technology, Kuwait.
    Media and Journalism in an Age of Terrorism2019Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is not a litany of the many terrorist attacks that have occurred over the last five years, nor is it a value judgement on how the media have reported on these events. Its ambition is to question the issues at stake in emerging journalistic practices and to raise a number of subsequent ethical questions. In 2017 Linnaeus University took the initiative to organize an international conference focusing on journalism in a world of terrorism – terrorism in the world of journalism. Our aim was to understand what it means in 2018 to report on terrorism in different national contexts. The conference (held 9-10 May, Kalmar) offered a unique opportunity for academics and journalists to come together in order to share experiences, discuss and reflect on the numerous dilemmas journalism in the world of terrorism has to cope with. Accordingly, this book depicts the wide diversity of approaches as well as reports the richness of the dialogue between practitioners and researchers – which constitutes the overall originality of this joint venture project between the Department of Media and Journalism and the Media Institute Fojo. Indeed, conflicts and terrorism nowadays constitute a field of study particularly conducive to assessing the role of media in contemporary democratic societies. The same also applies for societies engaged in transition and democratic consolidation processes, which are simultaneously facing the threat of terrorism (as is, for example, the case of Tunisia, Niger, Algeria and Morocco – countries from which some of the participants came). Some key issues were particularly under scrutiny: How does terrorism affect the media and their coverage of these events? Are the media an integral part of the strategy of terror deployed by the main actors (lately almost exclusively from Islamist extremist groups)? To answer these crucial questions, academics and professionals certainly had to examine all facets of the existing links and interrelations between the terrorist phenomenon and the media. A common experience articulated by researchers and journalists alike is that conflicting crises, as well as terrorist attacks, will necessarily affect reporting because of their sensational manifestations – it is impossible to not tell the story even if it might add to the pain of victim countries.

  • 4.
    Elliot, Maria
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ). Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, En ifrågasatt demokrati.
    Editorial: Freedom of expression and the online abyss2020Ingår i: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 107-109Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This introduction to the thematic issue Freedom of Expression, Democratic Discourse and the Social Media discusses the state of the debate surrounding freedom of expression in the field of communication studies and presents four original articles dealing with freedom of speech in contemporary media from different perspectives.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Elliot, Maria
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Holt, KristofferLinnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Freedom of Expression, Democratic Discourse and the Social Media2020Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The articles in this thematic issue, each in their own way, provide relevant and original contributions to the ongoing debate. Ricknell (2020) provides a constructive framework that allows for a structured discussion of the possible scenarios. Glazunova’s (2020) analysis of a Russian case is original since the current research trend within media and populism is to focus on the rise of populist politicians in democratic Western countries (Krämer & Holtz-Bacha, 2020). Glazunova’s analysis shows that alternative media platforms can serve important political and ideological purposes in certain media landscapes, while at the same time being a channel for populist messages, targeting a Media and Communication, 2020, Volume 8, Issue 4, Pages 107–109 108 corrupt elite. Latif’s (2020) contribution also addresses a complex and sensitive question from an unusual perspective for media scholars: What public positions are realistically available for Muslim intellectuals in America today? It describes the dynamics of cancel culture that should be taken more seriously by the community of media scholars. Wegner et al. (2020) emphasize the fact that it is not only journalists who are put in harm’s way, the silencing of other voices is indeed a reality and is equally harmful and problematic. As an area of interest to media scholars, issues such as these deserve further attention.

  • 6.
    Frischlich, Lena
    et al.
    Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Germany.
    Eldridge, Scott A.
    Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Netherlands.
    Figenschou, Tine Ustad
    OsloMet – Storbyuniversitetet, Norway.
    Ihlebæk, Karoline Andrea
    OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University, Norway.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Cushion, Stephen
    Cardiff University, UK.
    Contesting the Mainstream: Towards an Audience-Centered Agenda of Alternative News Research2023Ingår i: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 11, nr 5, s. 727-740Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to better understand alternative news media, we need to focus more centrally on the audiences that regularly consume them. This special issue, entitled “Contesting the Mainstream: Understanding Alternative News Media,” advances such an audience turn. In the introduction, we outline how scholars have understood and characterized alternative news audiences. These have ranged from seeing them as (i) ideal participants and activists; as (ii) being misinformed and manipulated; and as (iii) being critical users. Drawing on studies published in this special issue, we highlight how these studies provide new and revealing empirical insights that advance all three perspectives. Taken together, the articles make a strong argument to move beyond binary ideations of normatively “good” or “bad” alternative news audiences. In our view, they signal the need to better understand the complexity behind audience engagement not just with alternative news media but mainstream journalism more generally. Based on this argument, we identify several starting points for moving the field forward with such an audience turn in mind.

  • 7.
    Haller, André
    et al.
    University of Bamberg, Germany.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ). Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, En ifrågasatt demokrati.
    Paradoxical populism: how PEGIDA relates to mainstream and alternative media2019Ingår i: Information, Communication and Society, ISSN 1369-118X, E-ISSN 1468-4462, Vol. 22, nr 12, s. 1665-1680Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The distrust of mainstream media expressed in the slogan ‘the liar press’ (‘Lügenpresse’) is often used as an example of a populist, anti-establishment attitude that is currently winning terrain throughout the Western world. In combination with the rise of alternative media (especially online), it poses a serious challenge for ‘old media’. But how do those who are most suspicious and critical relate to the mainstream media in their own media channels? In this article, we have compared the official Facebook pages of the PEGIDA movement in Germany and Austria, in order to describe their use of references to traditional/mainstream and alternative media. The results indicate that references to mainstream and alternative media are distributed almost equally. Furthermore, when there are references to mainstream media, they are generally of an affirmative nature. These findings are relevant for the debate about cyberbalcanization, echo chambers, filter bubbles and the impact of alternative media on public discourse.

  • 8.
    Haller, André
    et al.
    Bamberg University, Germany.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, En ifrågasatt demokrati. Gulf University for Science and Technology, Kuwait.
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    The 'other' alternatives: Political right-wing alternative media2019Ingår i: Journal of alternative and community media, E-ISSN 2206-5857, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 1-6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue of the Journal of Alternative and Community Media presents five articles that examine right-wing alternative media from different countries and contexts: Brazil, the United States, Germany and Finland. They focus on different aspects of a phenomenon that has come to the forefront of public debate in recent years, due to the many apparently successful alternative media enterprises that can be characterised as conservative, libertarian, populist or far to extreme right wing on a political scale. While there has been much (and often heated) public debate about this, researchers tend to lag behind when it comes to new trends, and a transient and rapidly changing media landscape. The articles in this special issue are therefore especially valuable, since they all provide empirically grounded perspectives on specific cases that illustrate different parts of a large puzzle that is in much need of illumination. This special issue is of use not just to communication research, but also to the public debate on disinformation on the internet.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    The other alternatives
  • 9.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Gulf University for Science and Technology (GUST), Kuwait.
    Alternative Media and the Notion of Anti-Systemness: Towards an Analytical Framework2018Ingår i: Media and Communication, E-ISSN 2183-2439, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 49-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A range of alternative media outlets focusing on criticizing immigration politics and mainstream media have emerged in Sweden in recent years. Although they have quite different ideological profiles, they share a clear and critical focus on immigration and mainstream journalistic representations of reality. Their message is that mainstream media conceal or distort information about negative societal and cultural consequences of immigration and that mainstream journalists have teamed up with the political elites and engage in witch-hunts of critics, while ignoring abuses by those in power. Such media outlets (especially online participatory media) need to be analyzed in the light of their position as self-perceived correctives of traditional media. There has been a remarkable surge of alternative media in Sweden with these traits in common during the past few years, and it is important to be able to discuss these media together as a phenomenon, while at the same time taking their differences into account. In relation to this, I argue that the notion of anti-systemness is useful in discussions of the impact these alternative media may (or may not) have on public discourse. In the article, I present a matrix that distinguishes between different types of anti-systemness: ideological anti-systemness and relational anti-systemness. The article therefore mainly presents a theoretical argument, rather than empirical findings, with the aim of pointing to a way forward for research about alternative media.

  • 10.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    ”Alternativmedier”?: En intervjustudie om mediekritik och mediemisstro2016Ingår i: Migrationen i medierna: Men det får en väl inte prata om? / [ed] Lars Truedson, Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier , 2016, s. 113-149Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 11.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Mid Sweden University.
    Authentic Journalism?: A Critical Discussion about Existential  Authenticity in Journalism Ethics2012Ingår i: Journal of Mass Media Ethics, ISSN 0890-0523, E-ISSN 1532-7728, Vol. 27, nr 1, s. 2-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Authenticity as an ideal is construed in general as an expression of existentialist unhappiness with the perceived dehumanization of man in modern society. Existential journalism can be seen as rejection of the demands of conformism and compromise of personal convictions that many journalists face. Ethically, existential journalism calls on journalists to live authentic lives, as private individuals as well as in their profession. This means to resist external pressures and to choose to follow a path that can be defended by the individual journalist’s inner conscience. Existential journalism, in general, has been more debated in the field of mass media ethics than authenticity. Authenticity is, however, a contested concept, and this essay applies a critical discussion about authenticity as an ethical guide to the field of journalism. Weaknesses in the idea of existential authenticity problematize the existential construal of authenticity as a route to heightened ethical awareness for contemporary journalists.

  • 12.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Can media and platforms be "true" or "false"?: ...and is this really the best question to ask?2021Ingår i: "Trust Me!" Truthfulness andTruth Claims across Media: Book of Abstracts, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2021Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I discuss alternative media-outlets and platforms in relation to qualities such as truth and falsity. In the wake of the current preoccupation among politicians, Big Tech, news-providers and researchers with “fake news”, “alternative facts” and online propaganda, a growing body of research has identified the existence of alternative and hyper-partisan media as a source of concern, especially in the cases where they manage to reach large audiences with narratives that go against the narratives of more established outlets for news and views – and especially in cases where such claims fuels calls for violence. This development is in particular highlighted by social media platforms such as Parler and Gab, more open to allowing the dissemination of content that is deemed too controversial for established social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter. Such developments need to be taken seriously and studied closely. However, some reactions from mainstream politicians, scholars, Big Tech and journalists to such phenomena, raises questions about the adequacy of attributing qualities such as “true” or “false” to media outlets and platforms in themselves. While acknowledging that there is indeed a rampant problem of false claims and malicious content in today’s stormy world of media, the paper problematizes tendencies to oversimplify the task of navigating the high seas of competing truth claims.

  • 13.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Citizen journalism on the Swedish horizon2016Ingår i: Presented at 2016 IAMCR Conference "Memory, Commemoration and Communication: Looking Back, Looking Forward" Leicester, UK, 27-31 July 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Citizen journalism must be understood in relation to the context in which it occurs. In some parts of the world there might be a more directly felt need for a form of journalism, produced by non-journalists, than in other parts – much depending on the quality, freedom and general trustworthiness of traditional journalism. In Sweden, citizen journalism online has not yet risen to prominence – at least not to the extent that many hoped from a country with a high level of internet access and general good level of computer skills. This might be interpreted as a sign that Swedish traditional media so far has managed to provide journalism in a  (comparably) satisfactory manner, whereas the rise of citizen journalism in other parts might be related to greater needs for alternative sources of information. What is becoming a new factor though is a plethora of alternative media channels with a distinctly right wing, populist or even more radical right wing signature. Many of these alternative media place themselves, as the blog Motpol’s motto read: “to the right of the corridor of opinion”. Swedish mainstream media has been accused of promoting an extremely narrow “corridor of opinion”, and of deliberately covering up facts that do not fit a “politically correct” agenda. In response, alternative platforms for news and views have boomed in Sweden and also reach significant audiences. Many of these also describe themselves as citizen journalists. This development needs scholarly attention and it challenges established notions about how citizen journalism has been construed by scholars in the past – and what might come in the future. In the paper I present results from studies about citizen journalism in general in Sweden and also from an ongoing study about immigration critical and right-wing alternative media in Sweden (both interviews and content analysis). These results are then discussed in relation to existing definitions of citizen journalism.

  • 14.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Completely Different or Versions of the Same?: A comparison of mainstream media (MSM) and immigration-critical alternative media (ICAM) in Sweden2017Ingår i: The 67th Annual Conference of the International Communication Association: Communication Research and Practice, San Diego, 25-29 May, 2017, International communication association (ICA) , 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as in many other european countries, alternative media with immigration-critical profiles have managed to establish themselves as new players in the media landscape in a way that challenges mainstream media (MSM) because their message is that MSM, seen as an integrated part of the political system, conceal or distort information that does not fit the “politically correct” agenda and/or that media discourse is constrained due to taboos upheld by journalists, especially in relation to anything related to immigration. Research on these immigration-critical alternative media (ICAM) is scarce and this paper presents results of a comparative quantitative content analysis, where articles from the most important ICAM is compared to articles from MSM. Through this comparison it is possible to characterize ICAM through the key points where they differ from MSM. The results suggest that they have a much narrower scope of topics (mainly politics, social issues, crime, war and conflicts) compared to MSM. They are also characterized by a much more negative tonality and critical perspective. Furthermore, the relationship between ICAM and MSM is studied through an analysis of how often ICAM refers and links to content in MSM. Over sixty precent of the ICAM articles contained references to MSM, suggesting a relationship of dependence, rather than just one of opposition. The results are discussed in relation to notions of filter bubbles, echo-chambers and cyberbalkanization.

  • 15.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Mid Sweden University.
    Deltagarjournalistik i det digitala kaffehuset: En analys av Newsmill som kontext för deltagarjournalistik och debatt2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sociala medier har på bara några år blivit ett centralt inslag medielandskapet. Medieforskningen har blivit något överrumplad av den snabba hastighet med vilken nya sociala medier dyker upp och blir etablerade – därför släpar forskningen efter med arbetet att utarbeta metoder, begrepp och modeller för att förstå nya mediefenomen och dess konsekvenser. Ett forskningsområde som dock varit tämligen omfattande ända sedan introduktionen av WWW, är hur internet påverkar demokratin, och i synnerhet hur nya interaktiva kommunikationsmöjligheter kan skapa nya förutsättningar för att aktivt involvera medborgare i den demokratiska processen genom att göra dem delaktiga i debatten på nya sätt. De sociala medierna och det som allmänt kallas ”web 2.0”, ”collaborative culture” och ”participatory culture” har tilldragit sig mycket uppmärksamhet och gett upphov till många förhoppningar om en demokratisering av ett offentligt samtal som i massmediernas tidsålder aldrig lyckades göra publiken delaktig. (Van Dijck & Nieborg, 2009; Bruns, 2008; Jenkins, 2006) Den forskning som gjorts på området har dock hittills präglats av ett trevande efter användbara metoder för att undersöka om det finns något fog för sådana förhoppningar. (Witschge, 2008)

    Newsmill är ett forum på internet som specialiserar sig på debatt och nyhetsartiklar skrivna av läsarna själva. Sajten sjösattes 2008 och har idag ett stort antal användare och har publicerat ett antal artiklar som även fått ett stort genomslag i de traditionella massmedierna.2  Som medborgarjournalistik (citizen journalism) i ett socialt medium är Newsmill intressant att studera, eftersom det är ett konkret exempel på ett socialt medium som skapar en offentlig mötesplats där såväl vanliga medborgare som etablerade debattörer och politiker publicerar egna texter och kommenterar andras på ett sätt som i flera avseenden verkar kunna främja dialog och offentligt användande av förnuftet mellan medborgare om gemensamma angelägenheter och därmed vara ett typexempel på hur web 2.0 skapar nya möjligheter för denna typ av kommunikation. 

  • 16.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Gulf university for Science and Technology, Kuwait.
    Externa utmaningar för journalistiken2019Ingår i: På väg mot medievärlden 2030: Journalistikens villkor och utmaningar / [ed] Nygren, Gunnar; Wadbring, Ingela, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 6, s. 313-336Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 17.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Gunn Enli. Mediated Authenticity. How the Media Constructs Reality. New York: Peter Lang, 2015, 164 p., ISBN: 97814331148542016Ingår i: Nordicom Review, ISSN 1403-1108, E-ISSN 2001-5119, Vol. 37, nr 2, s. 131-132Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 18.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Journalistik bortom redaktionerna?2016Ingår i: Människorna, medierna och marknaden: Medieutredningens forskningsantologi om en demokrati i förändring Stockholm (SOU 2016:30) / [ed] Oscar Westlund, Stockholm: Wolters Kluwer, 2016, s. 403-428Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 19.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Kulturkrig och populism: Vilken roll spelar de journalistiska medierna?2023Ingår i: Ikaros, ISSN 1796-1998, Vol. 2023, nr 3, s. 6-11Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 20.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Makt, medier och metaversum: Carl-Gustav Lindén: Silicon Valley och makten över medierna. Nordicom 2020, 140 s.2021Ingår i: Signum : katolsk orientering om kyrka, kultur, samhälle, ISSN 0347-0423, Vol. 8, s. 53-55Artikel, recension (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns få fenomen i dagens medievärld som omhöljs av en sådan mystik som Silicon Valley. Det var här allt började, det var här vår samtids mest legendariska och omvälvande projekt föddes och de medel med vilka berättelserna om dem spreds uppfanns. Samtidigt finns det något gåtfullt över denna mytiska dal. Få kan till exempel på rak arm definiera exakt vad Silicon Valley är – en specifik plats, ett geografiskt område, en idé eller en metafor? Vi är alla överens om att något extraordinärt pågår i Silicon Valley, och att det som händer där påverkar våra liv, samhällen och inte minst vår kulturella miljö på genomgripande sätt. När företaget Facebook, till exempel, byter namn till Meta, är det inte bara ett nytt namn – det är en trumpetsignal som annonserar en ny kommande verklighet, en (o)skön ny värld av immersiva 3D-upplevelser som både lovar att förverkliga våra innersta fantasier och drömmar och samtidigt effektiviserar våra liv. Det signalerar också en värld fylld av töntiga gaming-headset som alla måste köpa för att kunna interagera med omvärlden. Men samtidigt som vi alla vet att sådana saker riskerar att påverka våra liv på fundamentala sätt, är vi nog många som går och bär på en känsla av att inte riktigt ha begripit vad det är som faktiskt händer i Silicon Valley, varför allt kommer just därifrån, och vad det i sin tur innebär...

  • 21.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Media criticism and mistrust in Swedish anti-immigration alternative media2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with media criticism and mistrust among people active in immigration critical alternative media in Sweden. Characteristic of many far-right movements is a widespread skepticism and suspiciousness towards mainstream media. The message is that mainstream media conceal or distort information that does not fit the “politically correct” agenda. In Sweden anti-immigration movements exhibit the same attitude. Media channels (especially online participatory media) used by these movements (“alternative media”) need to be analysed in the light of its position as a perceived corrective of traditional media. In the project, the aim is to understand the rationality behind radical right media criticism by interviewing activists about their perception of mainstream media and their view of participation in democratic society. The findings will shed light on how people active in far-right counter-public spheres perceive and position themselves in relation to mainstream media.

  • 22.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Media distrust : A left-wing or right-wing specialty?: Historical perspectives on today’s debate about populism and the media2017Ingår i: Perspectives on Right-Wing Populism and the Media: Scholarship, Journalism, Civil Society. 11 and 12 September 2017 Center for Advanced Studies (CAS), LMU Munich, Germany, 2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    A common denominator among politicians who tend be called right wing populists is that their narratives often contain a high dose of criticism against the “mainstream media” (MSM), often described as biased in favour of leftist perspectives, uncritical of those in power and out of touch with ordinary people. Parallelly, a host of new “alternative media”, often with a focus on criticism of liberal immigartion politics and a harsh tone against MSM, has become an important factor in public discourse in many western countries. But is this sort of criticism really a new phenomenon? Historically, the phrase “mainstream media” has been used mostly by left-wing debaters, such as Noam Chomsky and by media scholars, “alternative media” has long been considered one of the dearest embodiments of the dream about giving ordinary citizens a way of “speaking back to power”. When looking into the rhetoric of anti MSM messages in alternative media today, it is striking how much the discourse resembles a Gramscian analysis of society and the media’s role in it. In this paper, I argue that it is crucial to distinguish between “media distrust” and “media criticism” in order to distinguish between ideological culture struggle or metapolitics on the one hand, and the sincere question if the MSM are really doing a good job in describing relevant problems.

  • 23.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Medieanvändare som nyhetsproducenter: Om medborgar- och deltagarjournalistik.2015Ingår i: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Michael Karlsson & Jesper Strömbäck, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, s. 411-428Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under de senaste åren har journalistiken genomgått en period av radikala och snabba förändringar relaterade till ekonomiska förutsättningar, yrkesrollen (Deuze, 2007). Anledningen är en kombination av teknologisk och journalistisk innovation, samt enligt många en vikande marknad (Pickard, 2011, 2013). Den traditionella, industriella journalistiken som distribueras via massmedier existerar idag vid sidan av en rad andra företeelser som liknar och konkurrerar med den (Deuze, Bruns, och Neuberger, 2007). Det som ofta beskrivs som mest slående med denna omvandling är den nya möjligheten för icke-journalister att skapa, och interagera med journalistiskt innehåll på nätet (Bruns, 2005; Bucy, 2004; Chu 2010;. Deuze, et al, Rebillard & Touboul, 2010; Domingo et al, 2008;. Gulbrandsen & Just 2011; Paulussen & Ugille 2008). Idag är det inte bara journalister som bistår allmänheten med den information den behöver, menar Jane Singer: “millions of people gather, organize and disseminate timely information every hour of every day” (Singer, 2006, s. 2). Detta har öppnat upp ett nytt och spännande forskningsfält eftersom den traditionella och professionaliserade journalistikens tidigare monopol på och kontroll över nyhetsförmedlingen inte längre är helt självklar.

  • 24.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Medieanvändares delaktighet i nyhetsproduktion2019Ingår i: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Karlsson, Michael; Strömbäck, Jesper, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 2, s. 393-404Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 25.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Mediekritik bortom medierna: Om filosofi som mediekritisk resurs2014Ingår i: Mediekritik / [ed] Stiernstedt, Fredrik, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, s. 23-36Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 26.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Mediemisstro: där ytterkanterna möts2017Ingår i: Misstron mot medier / [ed] Truedsson, Lars, Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier , 2017, s. 117-135Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 27.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Medierna som inte vann valet2018Ingår i: Snabbtänkt: Reflektioner från valet 2018 av ledande forskare / [ed] Lars Nord, Marie Grusell, Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Sundsvall: DEMICOM , 2018, s. 90-90Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 28.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ). Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, En ifrågasatt demokrati.
    Mediesatsningen som vann valet?2022Ingår i: Snabbtänkt 2.0 22: Reflektioner från valet 2022 av ledande forskare / [ed] Niklas Bolin, Kajsa Falasca, Marie Grusell, Lars Nord, Sundsvall: Mittuniversitetet, Demicom , 2022, s. 85-85Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett nytillkommet inslag i den svenska alternativmediefloran inför valet 2022 är Riks (riks.se), som drivs av Sverigedemokratiska Samtid & Framtid AB och främst producerar innehåll i videoformat, ämnat för spridning via sociala medier. Riks YouTube-kanal startades i januari 2021 och har sedan dess publicerat 4173 videos som sammantaget fått 77 777 592 visningar och har idag över 95 000 prenumeranter (15 sept., 2022). Detta innebär i genomsnitt 47 filmer i veckan, och över 18 000 visningar i snitt per video. Det är uppenbart att Riks måste ses som en viktig del av Sverigedemokraternas valkampanj. Bara under sista veckan fram till valdagen publicerades 85 filmer och dagen efter valet tog Riks paus. Detta är en ambitiös mediesatsning av ett politiskt parti som saknar motstycke i svensk politik. Övriga partier bleknar i jämförelse. I ljuset av Sverigedemokraternas framgång i valet (från rikets tredje största parti i valet 2018 med 17,5% av rösterna i riksdagsvalet till andra största parti 2022 med 20,5%) är frågan i vilken utsträckning denna satsning har bidragit till det ökade stödet från allmänheten

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 29.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Mid Sweden University.
    New Media, New Participants – New Ethics?: Is there a chance for ethics in a world of prosumers?2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    At a time when not only journalists reach large audiences with news and commentary, new ethical questions arise.  In the paper, two opposing views are discussed critically: a) the traditional elitist view, that tends to be suspicious of UGC in participatory journalism on account of the lack of solid ethical guidelines and b) participatory ethics related to the ideal of “collective intelligence”. It is argued that both views are problematic, in their own ways.

    In search of an ethical framework that can appropriately be applied to participatory journalism, in a liquid modernity, and globalised media reach, the paper discusses Zygmunt Bauman’s and Roger Silverstone’s readings of Immanuel Levinas, and his notion of “I-for-the-Other”.

  • 30.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    New media, new participants new ethics?2014Ingår i: Social Media in a Changing Media Environment: Lessons from the Arab world / [ed] Institut de Presse et des Sciences de l’Information, Institut de Presse et des Sciences de l’Information, 2014Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    At a time when not only journalists reach large audiences with news and commentary, new ethical questions arise. In the paper, two opposing views are discussed critically: a) the traditional elitist view, that tends to be suspicious of UGC in participatory journalism on account of the lack of solid ethical guidelines and b) participatory ethics related to the ideal of “collective intelligence”. It is argued that both views are problematic, in their own ways. In search of an ethical framework that can appropriately be applied to participatory journalism, in a liquid modernity, and globalised media reach, the paper discusses Zygmunt Bauman’s and Roger Silverstone’s readings of Immanuel Levinas, and his notion of “I-forthe-Other”.

  • 31.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Mid Sweden University.
    Participatory Culture and the Church: Contrasting Communicative Ideals?2010Ingår i: The 2nd International Media Readings in Moscow Mass Media and Communications – 2010: DIGITAL FRONTIERS: TRADITIONAL MEDIA PRACTICES IN THE AGE OF CONVERGENCE, Moscow, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the culture of participation that is supposedly emerging, one thing is often stressed: The “people formerly known as the audience”, no longer tolerate to be reduced into passive receivers - they want to interact, customize, interfere and be taken seriously, they want to have a say and be able to influence, and they have the means to pool their resources in collective efforts to promote the changes they see fit. The power of such collectives is widely thought to cause great political and cultural change.

    The rhetorics of participation and change – surrounding the web 2.0 – has implications that need to be taken into account when an organisation like the church launches new strategies of communication on the web. The fact that the church is (and is widely perceived of as) an organisation, based on a hierarchical structure and upholding a strong tradition of communicating in a disseminatory, one-way, top-down manner should not be obscured in this discussion. Over the last years, the Catholic Church has received much criticism for its alleged inability to communicate with the surrounding world in an up to date manner. This has led to several initiatives that aim at strengthening the Church’s presence on the Internet and creating channels into social media. For example, the Pope has a Facebook page and the Holy See has a Twitter account, the papal Youtube channel received worldwide attention.

    In this paper, I discuss the compatibility between the church’s tradition of disseminatory communication and the dialogical and interactive aspects of participatory media.

  • 32.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Mid Sweden University.
    Participatory culture and the church: Contrasting communicative ideals?2011Ingår i: Religion and new media in the age of convergence: Reading materials on media and religion for students / [ed] Khroul, Victor, Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 2011, s. 57-64Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the culture of participation that is supposedly emerging, one thing is often stressed: The “people formerly known as the audience”, no longer tolerate to be reduced into passive receivers - they want to interact, customize, interfere and be taken seriously, they want to have a say and be able to influence, and they have the means to pool their resources in collective efforts to promote the changes they see fit. The power of such collectives is widely thought to cause great political and cultural change.

    The rhetorics of participation and change – surrounding the web 2.0 – has implications that need to be taken into account when an organisation like the church launches new strategies of communication on the web. The fact that the church is (and is widely perceived of as) an organisation, based on a hierarchical structure and upholding a strong tradition of communicating in a disseminatory, one-way, top-down manner should not be obscured in this discussion. Over the last years, the Catholic Church has received much criticism for its alleged inability to communicate with the surrounding world in an up to date manner. This has led to several initiatives that aim at strengthening the Church’s presence on the Internet and creating channels into social media. For example, the Pope has a Facebook page and a Youtube channel.

    In this paper, I discuss the compatibility between the church’s tradition of disseminatory communication and the dialogical and interactive aspects of participatory media.

  • 33.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Polarisation and populism in Sweden during the COVID-19 pandemic.: Alternative media and Swedish Exceptionalism2021Ingår i: IAMCR Rethinking borders and boundaries Beyond the global/local dichotomy in communication studies.  Nairobi, Kenya and wherever you are, 11-15 July 2021, 2021Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 34.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ). Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, En ifrågasatt demokrati.
    Populism and Alternative Media2020Ingår i: Perspectives on Populism and the Media: Avenues for Research / [ed] Krämer, Benjamin; Holtz-Bacha, Christina, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 2020, 1, s. 201-214Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the areas that has been researched quite extensively during recent years is the relationship between media and populism (Aalberg et al., 2016; Krämer 2018). Controversial populist politicians like Jair Bolsonaro, Nigel Farage and Donald Trump, and their special relationship with the news-media often serve as examples, due to the mainstream media’s fascination with their doings and because they never seem to cease to feed the media’s appetite for scandals and sensations. There has been less work done on the connection between populism and alternative media. It is clear that populist politicians receive substantial support from various alternative media outlets, like Breitbart News Network in the USA or through organizations working through social media, like the Non-Partisan School Movement in Brazil (Escola Sem Partido) (Romancini & Castilho, 2019). Most research, however, tends to focus on the relationship between the mainstream mass-media and populist politicians, and how the news-media plays an important part in laying the ground for populist rhetoric to be successful (Aalberg et al., 2016; Krämer, 2017; 2018). There is less research on the link between populism and alternative media, though the link is quite clear in some cases. This chapter explores this link.

  • 35.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Populism, metapolitics and media criticism: An analysis of identitarian construals of mainstream media2015Ingår i: New Perspectives on Populist Political Communication: COST Early Stage Researchers Think Tank. Zurich (26-30 jan 2015)., Zürich, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, the notion of metapolitical participation is presented and discussed in relation to a case study of the online identitarian dictionary Metapedia.org. While political participation traditionally entails activities such as voting, demonstrating, petitioning etc., metapolitics, as a concept used by identitarians, excludes such expressions of political participation. Instead, metapolitics, as visible in Metapedia’s slogan “Countering semantic distortion worldwide”,  is defined as a way of influencing culture and societal discourse through cultural activities, such as compiling online dictionaries. Metapolitical participation describes  a form of online participation that is not compatible with traditional notions of democratic participation.  As the aim of Metapedia is to provide alternative (identitarian) constructions of reality, the mainstream media naturally becomes the main antagonist in their cultural battle. Due to this tension between mainstream media and the metapolitical agenda,  a qualitative content analysis of the media criticism at Metapedia was performed. The empirical material consists of all articles (231 in total) in the category “massmedia” at the Swedish branch of Metapedia.org. In the articles we identified five main themes of media criticism: erroneous reporting, criticism of ownership and influence, “naming and shaming”, discursive contestations, alternative phraseology, as well as an additional theme dealing with promotion of other media outlets within the counter-public sphere. Our findings reveal that the authors at Metapedia express a deep anxiety, uneasiness, discontent and cynicism about mediated public discourse which is seen as deliberately marginalizing certain perspectives, covering up uncomfortable facts and is guided by a general principle of conformity to “political correctness”.

  • 36.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ). Linnéuniversitetet, Kunskapsmiljöer Linné, En ifrågasatt demokrati.
    Right-wing alternative media2020 (uppl. 1)Bok (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This book offers a fresh perspective on central questions related to right-wing alternative media: Can right-wing media be alternative? Why do they exist? Are they a threat to the existing order and what have the reactions been from mainstream politicians and media actors?

    The rise and success of right-wing populism in the political life of many western countries, along with several new and apparently successful alternative media operations on the right, has caused surprise and confusion among researchers and debaters. How should this challenge to mainstream politics and media be understood? Journalistic, political and academic discourse has struggled to explain these tendencies and tend to focus on sensational and extreme examples, with little attention directed towards other aspects. This book critically discusses existing theoretical frameworks related to alternative media in general, analysing a wide scope of cases to illustrate the diversity of voices in alternative media on the right and highlighting the importance of intellectual coolness and common sense in discussions about this important but ideologically and politically charged area.

    An important addition to the current discourse of contemporary media, Right-Wing Alternative Mediais ideal for researchers, students and anyone interested in politics and public discourse.

  • 37.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Right-wing alternative news media and digital politics2023Ingår i: Handbook of Digital Politics / [ed] Stephen Coleman; Lone Sorensen, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2023, 2, s. 436-448Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    At the heart of academic theorising about media and their political role in modern democratic society, there has always been concern for the power that is possible to wield through mass-mediated symbolic representation (Thompson, 1995). This power is expressed through various processes, such as, normalising viewpoints and preferences, while ostracizing others (Ramasubramanian & Yadlin-Segal, 2017), focus attention to specific issues, while ignoring others, representing acceptability and anathemizing otherness. Ultimately, the spectrum of various expressions and exercises of media power laid bare by media scholarship so far, has to some extent always rested upon the notion of there being a few highly influential and dominant media outlets in a given context, which form the basis for an infrastructure of dissemination, that distribute news-content to a mass-audience, thereby constituting a framework for the formation of a shared frame of reference among citizens. Although terminology is still debated, these are commonly referred to as “mainstream media” or alternatively as “legacy media”. Discussion about the power of media in relation to political life, has therefore been related to the concentration of ownership, distributive reach and capacity for production among a few actors who will be centrally placed and therefore play key roles in the shaping of political discussions, information and the conditions for participation. The internet, and the social media, “web 2.0” (O´Reilly, 2005) revolution added a new layer to this, since it opened up possibilities for participation and visibility in a new way, partly tearing down a long held, and well established power-concentration among the influential media operations

  • 38.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Sentenced to the snipping–tool?: Some thoughts from a media scholar’s perspective on Big Data and online media criticism in far right counter-public spheres2015Ingår i: Big Data: från hype till handling, 4 december, 2015, 2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Shaking the foundations of the “corridor of opinion”?: Towards a framework for analysing Immigration Critical Alternative Media (ICAM) in Sweden2017Ingår i: ECPR 2017 General Conference, Oslo: Oslo 6-9 September, 2017, ECPR Press, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years a range of new alternative media outlets with a special focus on criticizing immigration politics and mainstream media, have emerged. The blog Avpixlat†, the online newspaper Fria†Tider†and the paper weekly Nya†Tider†are examples of media with quite different ideological profiles, but a clear and critical focus on immigration and mainstream journalistic representations of reality in common. Their message is that mainstream medi conceal or distort information about negative societal and cultural consequences of immigration and that mainstream journalists have teamed up with the political elites and engage in wichhunts of ordinary people who are critical, while ignoring abuses by those in power. Such media outlets (especially online participatory media) need to be analysed in the light of its position as perceived corrective of traditional media. Even though they have this in common, it is important to be able to discuss them together while at the same time take their differences into account. In the paper, the aim is to develop a theoretical framework for understanding the rationality behind this kind of criticism, building on interviews with people who are active in the most important immigration critical alternative media (ICAM) in Sweden about their perception of mainstream media and their view of participation in democratic society. The findings will shed light on how people active in Swedish ICAM perceive and position themselves in relation to mainstream media - and to each other. Based on these insights, it is possible to distinguish differences between them as well as common traits and to take the question of their influence on public discourse further.

  • 40.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Skilda verkligheter?: ”Internets undervegetation” vs ”PK-maffian”2016Ingår i: Migrationen i medierna: Men det får en väl inte prata om? / [ed] Lars Truedson, Stockholm: Institutet för mediestudier , 2016, s. 150-172Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Mid Sweden University.
    The Hour och det journalistiska äkthetsidealet2012Ingår i: Kulturaliseringens samhälle: Problemorienterad kulturvetenskaplig forskning vid Tema Q 2002–2012 / [ed] Svante Beckman, Linköping: LiU-Tryck , 2012, s. 172-176Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 42.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    The Religious Dimension of Kierkegaard's Media  Criticism: “Authentic Fait"  vs “The Phantom Public”2015Ingår i: Mediatization of Religion: Historical and Functional Perspectives / [ed] Victor Khroul, Moscow: Moscow State University Press, 2015, s. 30-49Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

     In this paper S. ren Kierkegaard’s “Two ages” is analysed as an example of early modern media criticism. Existentialist thinkers have dealt with the authenticity of the self, and the ideal of staying true to the uniqueness of one’s own being in spite of societal or cultural obstacles. Media has often been seen as a part of the increasingly artificial landscape of modern society. For Kierkegaard, however, the criticism of media had a clearly religious dimension. There is an intimate link between his objections to the Christianityof his time and his criticism of the emerging mediascape of the nineteenth century. Kierkegaard disliked the press because it offered a shortcut to forming own opinions by presenting readymade thoughts and shallow entertainment instead of helping people in facing reality. The media offered escape from reality into fiction, from personal experiences into someone else’s and as a consequence, was a threat to religious life. He saw media as an intervening agency, blocking people’s way to true experiences, authenticity and, ultimately, God.

  • 43.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Berggren, Ludvig
    Södertörns högskola.
    Ivar Harrie, 1899–19732017Ingår i: Svenskt Översättarlexikon / [ed] Lars Kleberg, Huddinge: Södertörns högskola, 2017Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 44.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Médias antisystèmes et tentatives de ‘réinformation’ du public: Regards croisés sur les expériences suédoise et française2017Ingår i: Presented at Les journalistes dans le débat démocratique Théofraste Network, Tunis, Tunisia 23-25 October 2017, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [fr]

    Au cours des dernières années, une série de nouveaux médias alternatifs sont apparus qui se sont particulièrement intéressés à la critique des politiques d'immigration et des médias traditionnels. Le blog Avpixlat (maintenant: samnytt.se), le journal en ligne Fria Tider et l'hebdomadaire de presse Nya Tider sont des exemples de médias avec: profils idéologiques assez différents, mais un accent clair et critique sur l'immigration et les représentations journalistiques dominantes de la réalité en commun. Leur message est que les médias traditionnels dissimulent ou faussent l'information sur les conséquences sociétales et culturelles négatives de l'immigration et que les principaux journalistes ont fait équipe avec les élites politiques et se livrent à la chasse de gens ordinaires sans tenir compte des abus commis par ceux qui sont au pouvoir. Ces médias (en particulier les médias participatifs en ligne) doivent être analysés à la lumière de leur position de correcteurs perçus des médias traditionnels. Même s'ils ont beaucoup en commun, il est important de pouvoir en discuter de l’ensemble tout en tenant compte de leurs différences. Le but de ce document est de développer un cadre théorique pour comprendre la rationalité de ce type de critique et de discuter de leur impact sur le discours public de manière plus nuancée. En s'appuyant sur des entretiens avec des personnes actives dans les médias alternatifs critiques vis-à-vis de l’immigration (ICAM) les plus importants en Suède, sur leur perception des grands médias et leur vision de la participation à la société démocratique.

  • 45.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Ezz El Din, Mahitab
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Wahlberg, Mats
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Nykvist, Ari
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    de la Brosse, Renaud
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Young citizens and the Quality of news. Attention, emotional reactions and quality assessments.2022Ingår i: Presented to the Broadcast Education Association (BEA) Conference 2022,  Las Vegas, USA, April 23-26. 2nd prize winner in the BEA2022 Interest Division’s Top Paper Competition), Las Vegas, 2022Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 46.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Grusell, Marie
    What is unethical advertising?: An analysis of complaints to the Swedish Advertising Ombudsman 2009-2012.2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Advertising constitutes a significant portion of the total amount of mediated messages that are disseminated daily through available channels in today’s omnipresent and multifarious media landscape. Because of it’s prevalence, reach and impact, many scholars have argued that advertising should not only be construed as a specific form of market communication – in which it is implied that advertising is foremost concerned with presenting products to potential customers. Instead, advertising should rather be viewed as an integrated part of people’s daily cultural consumption through media, and as such also have a potentiality for impacting people’s minds, culture and society in ways that extend beyond the borders of serving customers with information about products. Advertising does not simply mirror society - it also shapes it by normalising and legitimizing practices, by creating ideals and stereotypes. Viewing advertising from this angle raises ethical questions that lie somewhat beside the main focus covered by ICC’s codes of ethics for advertising and market communication, since they are primarily developed as a tool for self-regulation and for the facilitation of marketing. In such a setting, the determination of what unethical advertising is, becomes a matter for negotiation between the public, who might react negatively to advertising for a plethora of reasons, and those who have authority to deem it unethical or not, based on an interpretation of the ICC codes. Since the practice of advertising ombudsmen is a quite new phenomena, there is a need for research about the outcome of this negotiation so far.

    In this paper, we examine all cases reported to the advertising ombudsman (Reklamombudsmannen, hereafter RO) in Sweden, who was instated in 2009, and tries cases reported as unethical by citizens. The question we ask in this paper is firstly what kind of advertising upsets people enough to report them to RO? Secondly, we ask what the common traits are of those cases that have been tried and convicted by RO. Following this question, we ask what the common traits are among those cases who were tried and not convicted. Lastly, we want to see if there is a discrepancy between what is considered unethical by those who report the cases on the one hand, and RO on the other hand. These questions will be answered through content analysis of all the cases handled by RO, the complainers’ motivations and RO’s statements. In the final section of this paper we discuss the theoretical implications of the results, and especially focus on how to interpret the complaints in relation RO’s authority as official interpreter of the ICC code.

  • 47.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Haller, André
    Kufstein University of Applied Sciences, Austria.
    Alternative Journalists?: Journalistic Self-Conceptions of Right-Wing Online Media2020Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of studies on right-wing alternative media on the internet have increased in the last years. Many right-wing alternative sites claim that they present alternative interpretations of political and societal events and the necessity of relational analyses it has been stressed  to understand the success of these pages. This paper presents a media historical approach in studying how alternative online media define themselves today in the German context. Looking at older works, some distinct features of left-wing alternative media and journalism in the 1970s and 80s are especially prominent revealed: 1) Criticism of the mainstream media in the respective countries, 2) the establishment of counter-hegemonic structures, 3) non-commerciality and 4) elements of participatory journalism. This paper hypothesizes that right-wing media in the present adopted these left-wing journalistic and ideologically infused tropes to frame themselves as alternatives to “mainstream media”. Empirical examples are analysed and discussed to get an explorative insight into the self-conceptions of rightist online media. The paper also discusses arguments of democracy and communication theory to evaluate effects of the rising numbers of right-wing alternative media.

  • 48.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Haller, André
    University of Bamberg, Germany.
    The Populist Communication Paradox of PEGDIA: Between “Lying Press” and Journalistic Sources2016Ingår i: Presented at the 66th annual ICA conference "Communicating with power". Fukuoka, Japan, 9-13 june. Preconference: Populism in, by, and Against the Media, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the end of 2014 a protest movement called “Patriotic Europeans against the Islamization of the Occident” (German abbreviation: PEGIDA) caused public conflicts (Kepplinger, 2009) about Islamization as well as about the question if PEGIDA is a racist organization. Though PEGIDA was a major issue in German media coverage, there was only one official media appearance of a PEGIDA spokesperson in the TV talk show Günther Jauch on January the 18th 2015 (Das Erste, 2015). Since its founding PEGIDA officially refused to talk to journalists as the movement denounced all established media as “lying press” (German: “Lügenpresse”). Branches of PEGIDA in other countries follow the same pattern and communicate with members and the public mainly through their official facebook pages. This basically means that PEGIDA leaders do not focus on mass media communication, for example by using press statements or organizing press conferences.

    Tsfati & Cohen (2003) define media skepticism as a sense of “alienation and mistrust toward the mainstream media” which involves the “feeling that journalists are not fair or objective in their reports about society and that they do not always tell the whole story” (p. 67) and that mainstream journalists “will sacrifice accuracy and precision for personal and commercial gains” (p. 67). Media criticism of a skeptic brand is therefore quite different from other types of criticism, where the focus is primarily on criticising for the sake of “improving” the quality of various aspects of media work or products. However, if certain groups in society choose to abstain from participation in the mainstream platforms of public discourse (the “agora”) and instead entrench themselves in “counter-public spheres” (Downey & Fenton, 2003) where discourses of alienation and mistrust in conventional democratic channels are fostered and amplified, it can be deeply problematic from a democratic perspective. (Sunstein, 2007).

    Against this background we interpret the recent occurrence of a plethora of alternative media platforms that are outspokenly anti-mainstream media and that also promote populist and/or far right movements or parties. In Sweden sites like Avpixlat.info, Friatider.se, and in Germany pi-news.net and metropolico.org (former Blu-NEWS) have become increasingly bold in their discourse and also show signs of increasing reach in readership (Borgs, 2015). In this paper, we want to look into how the PEGIDA movement relates to both mainstream media and alternative right wing media in their official communication with readers and the public through their facebook posts. This paper analyses PEGIDA in Germany, Sweden, Norway and Austria.

  • 49.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för konst och humaniora (FKH), Institutionen för medier och journalistik (MJ).
    Haller, André
    University of Bamberg, Germany.
    What Does ‘Lügenpresse’ Mean?: Expressions of Media Distrust on PEGIDA’s Facebook Pages2017Ingår i: Tidsskriftet Politik, ISSN 1604-0058 , Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 42-57Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we analyze the protest movement PEGIDA’s criticism of the press (i. e. ‘Lügenpresse’, the ‘liar press’) on Facebook. What are the main points of criticism of the press and what are the reasons expressed for this criticism, and how do they refer to traditional media in the postings? We conduct a qualitative content analysis of PEGIDA’s Facebook pages in Germany, Austria, Sweden, and Norway. The study shows that there are two main types of references: affirmative references to prove one’s own positions and contesting references which comprise media criticism.

  • 50.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Karlstad University.
    Edited participation: A comparative study of editorial influence on three online news media in Sweden2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although participatory journalism often involves the publishing of content created by users, editorial influence is an important aspect of the emerging participatory online mediascape. The choices that editors make shape the conditions under which user generated content is produced, the immediate context of publication and the perceived prominence of the published content. The question is how this influence manifests itself, and how this can be related to the discussion about participatory media’s potential for revitalizing democracy. In this paper, three online news media in Sweden are analysed comparatively: Sourze – one of the first Swedish sites that invited citizens as primary contributors; Newsmill – a social media focusing on news and debate; and DN – the online version of the largest Swedish morning paper Dagens Nyheter. The question is how participation is affected by editorial influence.

    The findings suggest that participatory arenas to some extent are constrained by the logic of their context of production. Participation is not the same for everyone, and people from different categories in society participate on different terms. Furthermore, editors influence the agenda by suggesting topics, and by rewarding articles that follow their suggestions. These findings do not challenge assumptions about participatory newspapers as more accessible channels for citizens to publish content, and therefore interesting as possible means of allowing a more democratically involved citizenry, but it challenges assumptions about freedom from constraints related to traditional mass media, such as agenda setting, gate-keeping and media logic.

     

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