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  • 1.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Brottsoffer i indikatorland: Öpnna jämförelser inom socialtjänstens brottsofferstödjande arbete2015In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 341-358Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Avlärande2013In: Förändringens entreprenörer och tröghetens agenter: människobehandlande organisationer ur ett nyinstitutionellt perspektiv / [ed] Stig Linde och Kerstin Svensson, Stockholm: Liber, 2013, 1, p. 159-172Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Denvall, Verner
    Lund University.
    Comparing evaluation of homelessness in the United States and the European Union2012In: European Evaluation Association conference in Helsinki Oct 3-5, 2012, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Homelessness as a political and social dominion has a number of features that make it particularly illustrative for a conference focusing evaluation and especially the design of evaluations. In addition to being a wicked problem, homelessness offers several analytical avenues. How do these characteristics affect the evaluation of programs and projects aspiring to combat homelessness? Dissimilar pictures and solutions regarding homelessness in the US and in EU countries will likely affect recommendations given as a result of performed evaluations. For this study, the empirical base is a sample of the most cited evaluations of homelessness programs published in professional journals between 1996 and 2010. Most of these evaluations are from the US. These US evaluations more often use large-scale national programs and quantitative methods, whereas EU evaluations more often use smaller sample sizes and qualitative methods. In the US and the EU, evaluations of homelessness programs seldom use analytical approaches.

  • 4.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Det sociala utvärderingslandskapet2011In: Utvärdering i socialt arbete: utgångspunkter, modeller och användning / [ed] Blom, Björn ; Morén, Stefan ; Nygren, Lennart, Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 2011, p. 35-54Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Lund University.
    Evaluating homelessness – a comparative analysis of top-ten articles from the US and Europe2017In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 724-740Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Homelessness as a political and social dominion has a number of features that make it particularly difficult to tackle. In addition to being a wicked problem, homelessness offers several analytical avenues. How do these characteristics affect the evaluation of programmes and projects aspiring to combat homelessness? Dissimilar pictures and solutions regarding homelessness in the US and in European countries will likely affect recommendations given as a result of evaluations performed. For this study, the empirical base is a sample of the most cited evaluations of homelessness programmes published in professional journals between 1996 and 2010. Most of these evaluations are from the US. These US evaluations more often use large-scale national programmes and quantitative methods, whereas European evaluations more often have smaller sample sizes and qualitative methods. In both regions, the evaluators seldom use theory from social science when analysing their findings. It is suggested that European evaluation research should be noticed to a larger extent since it is probably better suited for application in a European context.

  • 6. Denvall, Verner
    Five years later: impact after evaluating a program combating homelessness2015In: American Evaluation Association conference, Chicago, Nov 9-14, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The variety of how evaluations are put to use has attracted the interest of many scholars. Suggestions are made that usage might be instrumental, for enlightenment, legitimation or something else. In this paper-session the impact of a specific evaluation applying program-theory will be in focus. The evaluation concerned a statutory Swedish program. Aimed at reducing homelessness, an investment of 5 million Euro engaged 23 innovative projects nationwide. Homelessness is a wicked social problem exhibiting great resistance to current solutions while engaging numerous actors, organizations and agencies simultaneously and at various levels within public and civil domains. How does this affect the evaluation of programs and projects aspiring to combat homelessness? And in what way(s) can we speak about evaluation utilization? Findings show that impact takes place in an iterative process where serendipities play an important role.

  • 7.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    In trouble with the logics: data recording in performance management2015In: AEA conference, Chicago, Nov 9-14, 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, Performance Management (PM) has become a buzzword in public sector organizations. Well-functioning PM systems rely on valid performance data, but critics point out that conflicting rationale or logic among professional staff in recording information can undermine the quality of the data. Based on a case study of social service staff members, the authors explore three recording logics among professional staff. The findings reveal a complexity of recording behavior and show how professional staff shift between recording logics according to the situation. The actual data recordings depend not only on the overall logic, but also on factors such as attitudes, assumptions, and motives. The authors suggest that shifting recording logics weaken the validity of performance data. These shifts undermine the idea of PM as a trustworthy strategy to bridge the gap between professional and managerial staff as well as the possibility of a well-informed management

  • 8.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Innovation och participation – en fallstudie av Bostad först i Helsingborgs stad2018In: Styra och leda med tillit – forskning och praktik / [ed] Louise Bringselius, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2018, p. 221-247Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Denvall, Verner
    Lunds Universitet.
    Innovations and problem-solving: a comparative study2011In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 307-321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the practical implementation of two innovative projects in Denmark and Sweden. The research is motivated by the high political interest in innovations as a modern quick fix to societal problems. Innovations are regarded as an all-round solution; however, research has mainly been focused on technical and economic factors without considering social problem solving. Utilizing ethnographic methodology, the study reveals that the same innovative process solves problems on one structural level, but creates new problems on another. Faith is generally seen as an important element of innovations geared to social problem solving. Results show that faith is bound to certain structural levels and that a given innovative process runs the risk of creating conflicting perceptions at different levels. The research demonstrates the importance of including components such as value differences, conflicts of interest, and ideology when promoting innovations and when studying innovative efforts.

  • 10.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lessons learned for the 21st century: the realization of evidence-based practice2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    “The evidence-wave” as Evert Vedung expresses it travels over the globe. This session reports from its appearance in Swedish social welfare where it has a strong support at the national level which affects local agencies who prepare for something they suppose will support efforts to improve their undertakings, unclear how. Organizations are supposed to implement EBP but they are uncertain participating actors in weak networks. Participant shifts, assignment switches and uncertainty about the networks’ purpose creates difficult conditions for successful implementation. Thus, a weak top-down control and a weak local network organization provide limited opportunities to ensure that evidence-based studies based on outcome evaluations have an impact. Knowledge from the evaluation-society seems not to have affected this process. This session should be highly relevant for the evaluation community as our ability to both design and critically examine dissemination processes of EBP is of vital importance for evaluation practice.

  • 11.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Mobiliserande arenor2011In: Social mobiliering: En utmaning för socialt arbete / [ed] Verner Denvall, Cecilia Heule, Arne Kristiansen, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2011, 1, p. 103-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Mobilisering genom att skapa frizoner2016In: Social mobilisering: en utmaning för socialt arbete / [ed] Verner Denvall, Cecilia Heule, Arne Kristiansen, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 2, p. 117-134Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Recension av ”Utredning inleds. Språk, genredrag och ansvar i barnavårdsutredningar2017In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 329-332Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Samhällsarbete och den (o)beständiga ojämlikheten2018In: Samhällsarbete. Aktörer, arenor och perspektiv / [ed] Stefan Sjöberg, Päivi Turunen, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, p. 365-383Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Socialtjänsten och samhällsplaneringen2018In: Ju förr desto bättre - vägar till en förebyggande socialtjänst, Norstedts Juridik AB, 2018, 1, p. 103-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Denvall, Verner
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Utvärderingsforskning – en översikt2007In: Socionomens forskningssupplement, no 21, p. 29-40Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet.
    Granlöf, Shari
    Lunds Universitet.
    Knutagård, Marcus
    Lunds Universitet.
    Nordfeldt, Marie
    Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Swärd, Hans
    Lunds Universitet.
    Utvärdering av "Hemlöshet - många ansikten, mångas ansvar": Slutrapport2011Report (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Heule, Cecilia
    Kristiansen, Arne
    Brukaren och socialarbetarutbildningen2007In: Normer och normalitet i socialt arbete / [ed] Kerstin Svensson, Studentlitteratur, 2007, p. 289-306Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Lund University.
    Heule, Cecilia
    Lund University.
    Kristiansen, Arne
    Lund University.
    Mobilisering inom socialarbetarutbildningen2016In: Social mobilisering: en utmaning för socialt arbete / [ed] Verner Denvall, Cecilia Heule, Arne Kristiansen, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 2, p. 165-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work. Lunds Universitet.
    Heule, Cecilia
    Lunds Universitet.
    Kristiansen, Arne
    Lunds Universitet.
    Mobilisering inom socialarbetarutbildningen2011In: Socialt arbete: En utmaning för socialt arbete / [ed] Verner Denvall, Cecilia Heule, Arne Kristiansen, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2011, 1, p. 157-168Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Heule, Cecilia
    Lund University.
    Kristiansen, Arne
    Lund University.
    Social mobilisering: en inledande positionering2016In: Social mobilisering: en utmaning för socialt arbete / [ed] Verner Denvall, Cecilia Heule, Arne Kristiansen, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 2, p. 13-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Heule, Cecilia
    Lunds universitet.
    Kristiansen, Arne
    Lunds universitet.
    Social mobilisering: en inledande positionering2011In: Social mobilisering: en utmaning för socialt arbete / [ed] Verner Denvall, Cecilia Heule coh Arne Kristiansen, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2011, 1, p. 11-18Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Lund University.
    Heule, CeciliaLund University.Kristiansen, ArneLund University.
    Social mobilisering: en utmaning för socialt arbete2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under det sociala arbetets historia har många socialarbetare strävat efter att stödja människors egna idéer om förändring och göra dem delaktiga i socialt förändringsarbete. Numera läggs dock allt större tonvikt på expertbedömningar, diagnoser och individuella problemlösningar, och idéerna om att socialt arbete också kan vara samhällsförändrande kommer i skymundan. Social mobilisering handlar om hur organisering av marginaliserade och diskriminerade grupper i samhället kan bidra till social förändring och utveckling.

    Fattigdom, ojämlikhet och förtryck förekommer även i samhällen som utåt sett framstår som rika och privilegierade. Genom att uppmärksamma strategier för att bekämpa ojämlikheter och exkludering i samhället hoppas författarna till denna bok kunna inspirera till diskussioner om och utveckling av ett mobiliserande socialt förändringsarbete.

    I boken presenteras den sociala mobiliseringens värdegrunder och utveckling, och i ett antal kapitel beskrivs och problematiseras hur social mobilisering kan komma till stånd i olika sammanhang och bidra till social förändring. I denna andra upplaga har fyra nya kapitel tillkommit och bokens övriga kapitel har genomgått en omfattande revidering och uppdatering.

  • 24.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Heule, CeciliaLunds Universitet.Kristiansen, ArneLunds Universitet.
    Social Mobilisering: En utmaning för socialt arbete2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Lund University.
    Heule, Cecilia
    Lund University.
    Kristiansen, Arne
    Lund University.
    Social mobilisering i dåtid och nutid2016In: Social mobilisering: en utmaning för socialt arbete / [ed] Verner Denvall, Cecilia Heule, Arne Kristiansen, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 2, p. 253-261Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Johansson, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Kejsarens nya kläder: implementering av evidensbaserad praktik i socialt arbete2012In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 1, p. 26-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Stat och kommun träffade 2010 en grundöverenskommelseom att införa en evidensbaserad praktik inom socialtjänsten.Sedan dess har överenskommelsen preciserats, enprocess som analyseras i denna artikel. Som vi kommer attvisa återstår betydande oklarheter som det sociala arbetetsaktörer behöver klargöra via förhandlingar. Detta är ettnumera vanligt sätt att söka implementera politik och vidiskuterar konsekvenserna av en sådan ambition.

  • 27.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Lernå, Lena
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Nordesjö, Kettil
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Föränderliga strukturer: Organisering för kunskapsbaserad socialtjänst i Kronobergs och Kalmar län 2003-20132014Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Linde, Stig
    Lund University.
    Introduktion till den svenska utgåvan2017In: Utvärderingsmodeller / [ed] Hanne Kathrine Krogstrup, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 1, p. 9-34Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Linde, Stig
    Lunds Universitet.
    Knocking on heaven`s door: The evaluation community goes to church2013In: Evaluation, ISSN 1356-3890, E-ISSN 1461-7153, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 431-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ideas and concepts about evaluation travel around the globe. Studies of how evaluation models are disseminated, diffused and implemented are important. In this article, we examine an organization with a history of traditions and legitimacy and a successful audit of its own and how it responds to modern concepts of administration where evaluation plays an important role. Based on an analytical framework from organizational theory, we show how an evaluation model has been either adopted, rejected or transformed depending on the local context and consider why central policies have had limited success in its implementation. This article should contribute to a better understanding of the transformation that evaluation undergoes in the journey between and within organizations.

  • 30.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ottengrim, Ann
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Single System Design på svenska: En försöksverksamhet inom socialpsykiatrin i Enskede-Årsta-Vantör2013Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Fighting men`s violence against woman in the age of evidence and NPM2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Men's violence against women is a widespread global problem and a serious threat to women's health. This symposium will report from a study in Sweden that studies mechanisms that influence the design of interventions contesting domestic violence in two cities.

    The symposiums three presentations will answer the following questions:

    1. Given the fact that the organizations face many different views and ideologies; how does this affect the ways the problem of domestic violence is represented?

    2. In what way affects ideas from performance measurement and new public management the interventions?

    3. In what way are the social services organizing towards an evidence-based practice in this field?

    Presentation 1 Interpersonal violence-From policy to local practice

    Presentation 2 Open Comparisons in social work

    Presentation 3 Negotiating in risk assessment practices

  • 32.
    Denvall, Verner
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Wright-Nielsen, Tabitha
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Innovationsparadoxen: En studie av två försök att med nyskapande insatser lösa sociala problem2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This inquiry deals with experimental local social work, which out of the purpose of creating innovation in social work, try to solve problems of integration in deprived urban areas. Focus is on those kinds of experiments that are formulated within an empowerment perspective, and where empowerment is seen as synonymous with innovation and solutions of severe social problems. The inquiry deals with how innovation and empowerment are taking place in the integration of immigrants and refugees. What are the consequences, and what is the relevance to the group in question? How can such efforts bee understood and related to an innovation perspective?

    The study is part of a research program about innovation in municipalities and regions. The program was initiated and financed by “Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting”. Two different projects of integration, in Denmark and Sweden, were chosen as the empirical background. Both projects were dealing with integration of women with a background as migrants or refugees and both projects had empowerment as a goal.

    The inquiry shows that there has been a change in the understanding of empowerment. Nowadays empowerment is focusing on strengthen the ability of individuals and groups to use their resources and to take part in society as active citizen. These are changes which in crucial ways differ from the meanings of the concept, as it was ascribed in the social work of the seventies. At that time the concept was especially connected to a critique of the welfare state and its institutions. Empowerment was meant to mobilize the resources of marginal groups to create transformation and emancipation. The inquiry concentrates on transformations and the relation between normalisation and emancipation. What are the potentials of transformation in innovation? Are processes of innovation making transformations and renewals or are they expressions of social discourses at a given time? Are processes of innovation contributing to strengthen the prevailing order rather than change it? In another way: To whom are processes of innovation innovative?

  • 33.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Linnéuniversitetet.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Att överskrida gränser för barnens bästa: Tidigt och förebyggande arbete i Växjö kommun2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidiga och förebyggande insatser för barn och föräldrar efterfrågas allt mer idag. Samverkan mellan verksamheter såsom socialtjänst, BVC, förskola och skola lyfts ofta fram som en nödvändighet för att förebygga ohälsa och socialproblematik. Men, kunskap om vilka faktorer som är betydelsefulla för att i samverkan förbättra barns livsvillkor är begränsad. I denna studie analyseras ett samverkansprojekt och vilka faktorer som framstår ha bidragit till eller försvårat det förebyggande arbetet. Det aktuella samverkansprojektet genomfördes i Braås, ett litet samhälle i Växjö kommun, mellan 2013–2015. Studien bygger på dokumentsanalys och intervjuer med de som ansvarade, genomförde eller deltog i projektet. I analysen har teorier om samverkan och begreppet gränsarbete använts. Gränsarbete handlar om hur professionella sätter upp gränser för vilket arbete som tillhör eller inte tillhör den egna professionsarenan.

    Studien visar att pedagoger i förskolan uppfattade att de fått ökad kompetens och ökad trygghet i att bemöta barn och föräldrar. Likaså har personal upplevt sig tryggare i att kontakta och göra anmälningar till socialtjänsten. Familjer har också av professionella i de olika verksamheterna blivit hänvisade till projektet och fått enskilt stöd. Studien visar också att projektet kunde få en avgörande betydelse för föräldrars livssituation både då som nu. De faktorer som identifierats bidra är att de ansvariga på förvaltningarna hade en gemensam samsyn och tog ett gemensamt ansvar. De projektanställdas förmåga att med barnens bästa för ögonen vara gränsöverskridare – att med stort engagemang skapa relationer och tillit och få tillgång till andras arenor – framstår varit centralt. Att arbetet gjordes i projektform kan också ses ha bidragit då det möjliggjort att existerande gränser kunnat utmanas. Utbildningssatsningar kan ha bidragit till ökad reflektion hos personal och större gemensam förståelse av barns behov.

    Till de försvårande och hindrande faktorerna hör bristande implementering i berördaverksamheter vilket väckte frågor och ett behov av att försvara gränser. Projektet påverkades också negativt av att personal i projektet och på chefsposter utanför projektet slutade. Personalomsättningens betydelse visar också att projektet var och förblev personberoende. Analysen av samverkansprojektet i Braås visar på vikten av att skapa en verksamhetdomän för tidiga och förebyggande insatser som vilar på flera stöttepelare – någon form av reglerande strukturer, gemensamt ansvar och uppdrag och samverkanskultur i såväl förvaltning som berörda verksamheter. För Växjös del framstår det som att arbetet främst vilat mot den normerande stöttepelaren – att skapa ett moraliskt tryck på verksamheter och personal att genom samverkan arbeta förebyggande. Skapandet av en verksamhetsdomän för tidiga och förebyggande insatser framstår därmed vara en fortsatt utmaning för Växjö kommun. För utvecklingen av en sådan domän finns flera lärdomar från Braåsprojektet – en samsyn från involverade förvaltningar som skapar ett gränsland för förebyggande arbete, att detta gränsland har autonomi i relation till andra verksamheter, lokal tillgänglighet och personal med förmåga att skapa relation och tillit. Fortsatt arbete bör inriktas på omgivande strukturer som skapar tillhörighet och långsiktighet i arbetet. Vår analys visar också påbehov av bättre villkor för samverkan och förebyggande arbete, något vi trorkan gynnas av följande:

    1. Ett lagstiftat gemensamt socialt uppdrag att förebygga ojämlika villkor för verksamheter som kommer i kontakt med barn. Ett sådant uppdrag bör innefatta att verksamheten ska (1) vara väl förtrogen med barnslevnadsförhållanden,(2) främja jämlikhet i levnadsvillkor och (3)samverka.

    2. Ökad kunskap om konsekvenserna för barn och föräldrar av förebyggande arbete. Det är särskilt angeläget att föräldrar och barn får dela med sig av erfarenheter och att studier inriktas på att undersöka vilken betydelse förebyggande arbete och tidiga insatser kan få fördem.

    3. Att samverkan och förebyggande arbete ges förutsättningar för att lyckas. Det inbegriper tydlig ledning i alla nivåer, från högsta till lägsta, gemensamma utbildningar för personal i olika verksamheter, lokalt utarbetade samverkansuppdrag, öppna och icke-diskriminerande strukturer bortom myndighetsutövning och uthållighet. Växjö kommun har med sin uthållighet och vilja att förebygga ohälsa och sociala problem för barn goda förutsättningar för att utveckla enverksamhetsdomän för tidiga och förebyggande arbete. Fortsatt arbete bör inriktas på att göra detta uppdrag till ett delat samhällsansvar för professionella i berörda verksamheter.

  • 34.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Searching for the right track: managing care trajectories in child welfare2017In: Child & Family Social Work, ISSN 1356-7500, E-ISSN 1365-2206, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 398-408Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines caseworkers' efforts to plan and find appropriate interventions for troublesome young people. Strauss's concept oftrajectory is applied to analyse how Swedish caseworkers shape and manage the evolving care trajectories using assessments for young people in secure accommodation, i.e. institutional youth assessments. The empirical material consists of surveys to 82 caseworkers concerning 85 institutional youth assessments and interviews with 16 of these caseworkers. The findings reveal ongoing care trajectories that are out of control where the assessments are seen as an opportunity of change for the youths. Diagnoses, confirmations and plans for action are provided through the assessments and used by the caseworkers in negotiations for resources. Three orientations of contributions to the caseworkers' management of care trajectories were found, all reflecting the many uncertainties of child welfare work:child centredprofessional and discharge of liability. In conclusion, the caseworkers searched for the right measures to manage change and achieve youth compliance, but it was also a matter of managing professional and organizational contingencies and passing on responsibility.

  • 35.
    Enell, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vägen från utredning till åtgärd: utredningsplaceringar vid särskilda utredningshem2013Report (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Groth Andersson, Signe
    et al.
    Social Development Center SUS, Denmark.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Data recording in performance management: trouble with the logics2017In: American Journal of Evaluation, ISSN 1098-2140, E-ISSN 1557-0878, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 190-204Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, performance management (PM) has become a buzzword in public sector organizations.Well-functioning PM systems rely on valid performance data, but critics point out thatconflicting rationale or logic among professional staff in recording information can undermine thequality of the data. Based on a case study of social service staff members, the authors explore threerecording logics. The findings reveal a complexity of recording behavior and show how frontline staffshift between recording logics according to the situation. The actual data recordings depend notonly on the overall logic but also on factors such as attitudes, assumptions, and motives. The authorssuggest that shifting recording logics weaken the validity of performance data. These shifts underminethe idea of PM as a trustworthy strategy to bridge the gap between professional and managerialstaff, as well as the possibility of a well-informed management.

  • 37.
    Johansson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Vedung, Evert
    Uppsala University.
    After the NPM Wave: Evidence-based practice and the vanishing client2015In: Offentlig Förvaltning. Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2000-8058, E-ISSN 2001-3310, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 69-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last two decades, a movement for Evidence-Based Management (EBM) has surfaced across the Atlantic world with pretensions of being a successor of New Public Management (NPM). In this paper, we focus on Swedish social welfare as an arena where persistent government attempts have been made to implement locally new evidence-based ideas, specifically evidence-based practice (EBP). In Swedish discourse, the meaning of “evidence-based” is contested. One interpretation maintains that best (and only acceptable) evidence comes from the use of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Another interpretation maintains that evidence from research constitutes only one leg of a multi-factorial definition; that is, this view contends that RCT evidence should be considered along with experience of practitioners and clients (users). Although client participation was an important tenet in the incipient attempts to implement EBP, by using translation theory this article will show that later attempts have tended to ignore the client’s perspective. From this foundation, we address why client views and outlooks have been ignored in EBP implementation.

  • 38.
    Magnusson, Katarina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Benderix, Ylva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Education, Psychology and Sport Science.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Social Work.
    Primärvårdsanställdas arbete enligt Nationella riktlinjer för missbruks och beroendevård.: En utvärdering på hälsocentraler i Kalmar län.2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluation of managers, primary care physicians and health coordinators work adapted to the National guidelines for substance abuse and addiction treatment was carried out 2012 in health centers in KalmarCounty in Sweden. The evaluation was funded by the Regional Council in KalmarCounty and implemented by LinnaeusUniversity. The evaluation aims to describe operations managers, primary care physichians and health coordinators principles and norms, using the National Guidelines for abuse and addiction treatment.

    Recommendations in the National guidelines to the swedish primary health care is to meet patients with risk use of alcohol and drugs with motivational interviewing. The aim is to support patients to change their habits towards a healthier lifestyle.

    Data collection consisted of questionnaires to operations managers and interviews with doctors and health coordinators, ie nurses with specialized training in the field. Questions were designed based on the guidelines witch are advisory in the field: the National Guidelines for substance abuse and addiction care (National Board of Health, 2007) and the regional guidelines (2010) for primary care, health centers in Kalmar County. The guidelines focus on the identification, counseling and treatment to patients at risk and abuse of alcohol and drugs.

    The results presented will include:

    1. Operations managers at KalmarCounty health centers experience that they have not received training in the National Guidelines to the extent they would need.
    2. Operations managers found that patients with risk and substance abuse to a greater extent are social service responsibilities, but partly also the primary care      responsibilities.
    3. Doctors and health coordinators mean that it is the responsibility of health care to detect patients with risk drinking and to help patients with hazardous drinking or drug use to find the best place for treatment and care.
    4. Few managers, doctors and health coordinators knew the guidelines' recommendations for health center patients. Despite this, several health centers use procedures for the identification and treatment based on the guidelines recommendations. Some health centers offered staff training in MI, Motivational interview and used screening instruments, including alcohol consumption questions.
    5. Only health coordinators routinely used screening instruments, they were the only profession trained in this.
    6. Doctors experienced that they did not have time enough and also that it would interfere with the patients´ integrity to question them about alcohol consumption.
    7. Biological markers and screening instruments were used frequently in most health centers, and more than 50% of them were offering Motivational interviews, Relapse prevention and Cognitive behavioral therapy to the patients.

    Proposal for improvement area based on the results:

    1. Continued education about early detection of hazardous according to the National Guidelines for managers, doctors and health coordinators.
    2. Mandate issue for busines managers should be discussed, because prerequisites for implementation are dependent on the manager's mandate.
    3. Tutorials, method support including training to question patients about their alcohol consumption may be implemented at network meetings.
    4. Method Support / training in the use of screening instruments, lifestyle questionnaires and surveys that can facilitate on issues perceived to be taboo, such as the patient's alcohol consumption.
    5. A policy that clarifies responsibilities, which should do what when it comes to alcohol issues.
    6. Increase collaboration and delegation between health coordinators and doctors but also to another profession on some health centers, alcohol therapists.
    7. Education / training / house training on the relationship between alcohol and somatic consequences.
  • 39.
    Nordesjö, Kettil
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ulmestig, Rickard
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Initial bedömning: Implementeringen av ett standardiserat bedömningsinstrument för försörjningsstöd i Stockholm stad2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Institutionen för socialt arbete på Linnéuniversitetet har utvärderat implementeringen av ”Standardiserat bedömningsinstrument för initial bedömning inom försörjningsstöd och jobbtorg Stockholm”. Syftet har varit att undersöka hur instrumentet för initial bedömning (IB) har implementerats och påverkat kvaliteten i arbetet inom socialtjänsten och jobbtorg Stockholm med personer som söker försörjningsstöd.

    Materialet består av (1) en enkät till 334 användare (socialsekreterare och deras chefer, jobbcoacher och deras chefer) i Stockholm stad som arbetade med IB; (2) sex fokusgrupper med 31 användare; samt (3) tjugo intervjuer med sökande.

    Utvärderingens första slutsats är att användarna som har tagit del av implementeringsinsatserna överlag haft tid för, velat ta del av och förstått dessa insatser. Problem ska om något kopplas till möjligheten att delta i centrala implementeringsinsatser och att göra tid för lokal implementering.

    Utvärderingens andra slutsats är att användarna av IB överlag förstått och velat använda IB. Undantag är kunskap om hur den sista delen i IB, del 4, ska organiseras mellan aktörer, tidigare arbetsplatsrelaterade tillvägagångssätt samt fokusgruppssvar kring IB:s förenlighet med professionellt socialt arbete. Vidare har användare överlag också kunnat använda IB. Undantaget är återigen del 4 som inte görs i mer än hälften av fallen. Orsaker till att IB inte används är tids-, språk- och individrelaterade. Problem i användandet av IB kretsar kring frågor vars svar är svåra att hantera och samverkansproblem mellan aktörer.

    Utvärderingens tredje slutsats är att de resultat som flest användare upplever att IB medför är likställighet, rättssäkerhet och uppföljningsmöjligheter. Brukardelaktighet är ett område där olika definitioner finns. Resultatområden med mindre stöd är frågor om samverkan och kunskap om resultat och effekter av insatser. Utifrån fokusgrupper präglas det förra av samverkansproblem, det senare uppfattas inte som relevant.

    Utvärderingens fjärde slutsats är att sökande har upplevt IB:s olika delar på olika sätt. Generellt upplevs del 1 och 3 som mer kontrollerande och del 2 som mer stöttande. Ifråga om del 1 som genomförs på telefon, upplevdes få enskilda frågor som besvärliga och sökande har en förståelse för att frågorna ställs. Istället är det helheten som kan upplevas som ansträngande då man inte vet vem man pratar med på telefon, frågorna kommer i snabb följd och kräver snabba svar. Ansträngningen inriktas på att svara ”rätt” på frågorna som ställs. I fråga om del 2 på jobbtorg upplevs inriktningen på jobb som positiv liksom bemötandet. Deltagarcentreringen skapar en upplevelse av delaktighet, även om vissa frågor är svåra att svara på eller är för privata. Att frågor upprepas från del 1 ses inte som ett problem. Del 3 upplevs mer som ett förhör än del 2, och upplevelsen av deltagandet kan beskrivas som begränsat. Frågor som kommenteras av sökande är frågor om våld, familj och nätverk samt hälsa. Ingen fråga är enhälligt problematisk, snarare är enskilda frågeområden problematiska för vissa men inte för andra. Också i del 3 finns ambitionen att svara ”rätt” på socialsekreterarens frågor. Ett förbättringsförslag som lyfts fram är att en förklaring till varför en viss fråga ställs minskar risken för att den ska uppfattas som besvärlig eller obehaglig. Avslutningsvis är det svårt att säga något om del 4 då endast en sökande har gjort den.

    I utvärderingens sista del diskuteras implementeringens programteori, IB som kartläggning och standardiserad bedömning, IB som stöd för nyanställda, IB, evidens och kunskap om insatser och effekter, samverkan mellan kontroll och stöd samt att ställa frågor om våld och ta emot svaren.

  • 40.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Agevall Gross, Lotta
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Kjellgren, Cecilia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The pursuit of standardization in domestic violence social work: A multiple case study of how the idea of using risk assessment tools is manifested and processed in the Swedish social services2017In: Qualitative Social Work, ISSN 1473-3250, E-ISSN 1741-3117Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This multiple case study examines how the idea of using risk assessment tools is manifested and processed in Swedish social services. Based on the analysis of interviews with different stakeholders and of organizational documents in two social service organizations, we investigate the actors who control local risk assessment practices. The findings illustrate that a relatively small group of social workers in the organizations have been able to forward their claims and decide how risk assessment work should be carried out without much intrusion from local managers or politicians. The findings also validate other studies that found that increased standardization can strengthen social workers’ ability to perform their professional task rather than lead to de-professionalization. This article ends with a discussion of what risk assessment practices might mean for domestic violence victims.

  • 41.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The standardizers: social workers' role when implementing assessment tools in the Swedish social services2018In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 88-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Standardisation and standards are common in the modern world, including in social work. This article focuses on social workers who implement the assessment tool Children’s needs in focus (Barns behov i centrum BBIC) in Swedish social work with children and families. Inspired by ‘siblings’ in the UK, the National Board of Health and Welfare has developed and supported the implementation of the BBIC. From the start, the implementation strategy was to engage well-educated and experienced social workers as educators. The article studies these educators (standardizers) as mediators between national imperatives and local practice during the implementation of the BBIC in the social services. Based on interviews with 10 BBIC educators, three standardizer roles were identified: the instrumental, the adaptive and the transformative. These roles affect the practice of social work in potentially different ways.

  • 42.
    Skillmark, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Denvall, Verner
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    When research moves in: the diffusion of evidence-based practice in Swedish social work2016In: 6th European Conference for Social Work Research: Reflective social work practices in contemporary societies : dialogues and new pathways between praxis and research : Book of Abstracts & Prgoramme Book / [ed] Francisco Branco, Inês Amaro, Cristina Albuquerque, Maria Isabel Santos, Ana Oliveira, Inês Guerra, 2016, p. 242-243Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundIn Sweden, as elsewhere, the development of evidence-based practice (EBP) in social work has been debated for over a decade now. One of the issues concerns the top-down strategy used by the Swedish government to enhance the knowledge about interventions in social work practice. Critiques argue that this is not a feasible way forward; instead the social work profession needs to take over the leader pin. This of course calls for structures that enable social work practitioners and researchers to engage in practice-based research in order to solve current and urgent issues. Academic primary- -care centers have been established as a possible way forward in implementing an evidence-based medicine in Swedish healthcare. Clinical research is one of the basic tasks in those centers, involving much of the personal. Here, we will reflect upon the possibilities for a similar approach within the social services. This presentation aims to present research about the conditions for new pathways between Swedish social work practice and research and to critically review the idea of academic social services offices. The following questions will be addressed:(i) What characterizes an academic social services office?(ii) What are the opinions of management in charge?(iii) What are the recommendations from research?

    MethodsA survey was launched twice (2005 and 2015) to the leading association of administrative leaders in the social services in Sweden. Among other things they were asked about their opinions of EBP and of clinical research in social work, also if they were in the need of staff with a PhD-education. Furthermore, a review of relevant literature and expert consultations is being undertaken focusing on significant mechanisms when it comes to establishing structures in order to support the development of academic social services offices and practice-based research.

    ResultsResults from the survey show that leaders are more positive towards EBP today than ten years ago. However they are not keen on hiring staff educated in research and especially management in smaller organizations express severe difficulties to hire staff with appropriate skills and to further develop the competence to do research within their workplace. This calls for collaborations with other organizations as well as with researchers from universities and R & D-units. Results from reviews and expert-interviews will be added.

    ConclusionsAdministrative leaders support the idea of a knowledge-based social work and to use interventions whose effects are demonstrated by evaluations. However they lack strategies, competence and role-models to create a research-based organization. This paper-presentation contributes to the building of bridges between practice and research through presenting analysis of the views of management as well as innovative ways of research-production within the social services.

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