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  • 1.
    Eklund, Monica
    et al.
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Värdegrundsarbetets förutsättningar: En utvärdering av Resurscentrum för mångfaldens skolas insatser i tre Malmöskolor2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport utvärderas Resurscentrum för mångfaldens skola (RMS) insatser då det gäller värdegrundsarbete på några av Malmös skolor. Det första uppdraget omfattar utvärdering av värdegrundsfrågor på skolor i Rosengård och Limhamn/Bunkeflo. Under 2007/08 genomför Resurscentrum för mångfaldens skola gemensam kompetensutveckling i värdegrundsfrågor för personal på Örtagårdsskolan i stadsdelen Rosengård och Sundsbroskolan i stadsdelen Limhamn/Bunkeflo.

    Denna insats bör enligt uppdragsgivaren utvärderas med hjälp av enkäter och eventuellt intervjuer samt jämföras med insatsen i Kroksbäck och Limhamn/Bunkeflo. Det andra uppdraget omfattar utvärdering av värdegrundsarbetet i Kroksbäck och Limhamn/Bunkeflo. Värdegrundsarbetet har prioritet inom Malmö stads mångfaldsarbete och RMS vidtar en rad åtgärder på detta område, exempelvis fortbildning i interkulturell kommunikation för skolpersonal och elevgrupper samt föreläsningar och seminarier om mångkulturellt samhälle. Målen för dess åtgärder är långsiktiga och kan inte utvärderas i nuläget. Emellertid har RMS engagerat sig i den laddade situation som uppstått i samband med att elever från bostadsområdet Kroksbäck, där andelen invandrarfamiljer är stor, skall flyttas till en skola i stadsdelen Limhamn/Bunkeflo, där andelen invandrarfamiljer är liten. RMS har här bidragit till skolornas värdegrundsarbete. Enligt uppdragsgivaren skall denna studie beskriva skeendet i Kroksbäck och Limhamn/Bunkeflo och de åtgärder som RMS vidtagit och deras ändamålsenlighet. Studien bör genomföras som en fallstudie, där intervjuer med flera nyckelpersoner blir centrala.

    Utvärderingen genomfördes läsåret 2007/2008 och omfattar sammanlagt knappt två månaders arbete. Vi som gjort utvärderingen är Filosofie doktor Monica Eklund och Filosofie doktor Kristina Gustafsson. Båda är forskare och lärare vid Högskolan i Halmstad. Eklund är verksam vid sektionen för lärarutbildning och har en tjänst som lektor i utbildningsvetenskap. Hon har varit verksam inom området interkulturell pedagogik de senaste 20 åren samt skrivit sin avhandling inom fältet (Eklund, 2003). Gustafsson är etnolog och arbetar vid sektionen för Humaniora. Hennes forskningsfokus ligger sedan 15 år på internationell migration och etniska relationer och hennes avhandling handlar om värdegrundsfrågor inom den svenska grundskolan (Gustafsson, 2004).

    Då det finns många beröringspunkter mellan de båda utvärderingsuppdragen har vi valt att betrakta uppdragen som ett gemensamt för att få till stånd bättre möjligheter för datainsamlande samt till jämförelser mellan insatserna på de olika skolorna. Såsom framgår i de av RMS formulerade uppdragen är det värdegrundsarbete som står i centrum och även om det arbetet bedrivs långsiktigt kan man genom utvärdering i nuläget se över innehållet i insatserna, studera hur de tog form, vems och vilka behov som tillgodosetts samt något om måluppfyllelsen så här långt.

  • 2.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Kommunikation med stöd av tolk2014In: Kommunikation med barn och unga i vården / [ed] Maja Söderbäck, Stockholm: Liber, 2014, p. 201-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Tolkade möten: Tolkningens betydelse för rättssäkerhet och integration2014Book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Gruber, Sabine
    et al.
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Etnografisk forskning i praktiken. Reflektioner från pågående avhandlingsprojekt.2018Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Ann-Charlotte Münger: Stockholms sommarkolonier under 130 år. En behovsprövad välfärdstjänst eller en fritidsverksamhet för alla?2015In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, ISSN 0035-5267, no 4, p. 220-223Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, avdelningen etnologi.
    "As a researcher it is really important to actually deal with one´s own privileged situations and positions"2009In: Borders as Experience / [ed] KG Hammarlund, Halmstad: Högskolan i Halmstad , 2009, p. 21-31Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, avdelningen etnologi.
    At the Hither Side of the Future – René LeónRosales2011In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 41, p. 168-170Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, sektionen för humaniora.
    Barnen och det goda boendet: En studie om barn, barnfamiljer och boende i hyreslägenheter2008Report (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Charles L. Glenn, ed. 2018.: Muslim Educators in American Communities2019In: Nordic Journal of Religion and Society, ISSN 0809-7291, E-ISSN 1890-7008, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 94-96Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Den gäckande kulturen2007In: Religiösa friskolor i Sverige: Historiska och nutida perspektiv / [ed] Jenny Berglund, Göran Larsson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2007, p. 189-210Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet, etnologiska institutionen.
    En debatt om en muslimsk friskola2000In: Nord nytt - Nordisk tidsskrift for folkelivsforskning, ISSN 0008-1345, Vol. 78, p. 5-25Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, sektionen för humaniora.
    En muslimsk friskola: Förutsättningar och praktik2008In: Religion och livsfrågor, ISSN 0347-2159, no 4, p. 15-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Expectations and experiences of cultural activity among professionals in care for older people2017In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 47, p. 42-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The employment of cultural activity within the Swedish care of older people started years ago to prevent illness and social isolation and to promote good health and wellbeing. Based on 23 interviews with local politicians and professionals working with and within care for older people and ten observations performed in care homes, day care centres and public social clubs, the present study describes and analyses experiences from cultural activity as part of the daily care and social work in one Swedish region. On the one hand, the results show that cultural activity promotes a ‘normal daily life’ for older people as well as a more democratic relationship between the caretaker and the caregiver, but on the other hand, that the respect of the liberated self and of cultural relativism form deep and non-negotiable obstacles to the employment of cultural activity in Swedish care for older people. Finally, it comes down to the old person to decide whether or not cultural activity will be part of their daily life and care.

  • 14.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, avdelningen etnologi.
    Globala familjer. Transnationell migration och släktskap. Marita Eastmond och Lisa Åkesson (red.)2009In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 92, no 3, p. 180-183Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Identity negotiating in Scandinavia: Negotiation identity in Scandinavia: Women, migration and the diaspora. Haci Akman (ed.)2015In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 45, p. 216-217Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Jenny Ask: Lyssna till ditt hjärta. Muslimska moderskap och modrandets villkor i Sverige2015In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 98, no 1, p. 31-34Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet, etnologiska institutionen.
    Likhet inför skollagen?2006In: I&M, Invandrare & minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 5, p. 29-32Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet, etnologiska institutionen.
    Muslimsk friskola i Jönköping: Ett möte mellan skilda ideal2006In: Småländska kulturbilder / [ed] Eva Londos, Jönköping: Jönköpings läns museum , 2006, p. 105-120Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet.
    Muslimsk skola, svenska villkor: Konflikt, identitet och förhandling2004Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, sektionen för humaniora.
    Orienten i Sverige. Samtida möten och gränssnitt. Simon Ekström och Lena Gerholm (red.)2008In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 91, no 3, p. 173-176Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Parenting programs for parents with foreign background: opportunities and shortcomings.2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parenting programs for parents with a foreign background. Opportunities and shortcomings.

    This paper is based upon empirical data collected in a study of two parenting programs for foreign born parents in 2014 and 2015. One of the parenting programs was developed and used as an intervention by the social services in one part of Stockholm, Sweden. The other program was developed by UNIZON the organization of Swedish women’s shelters and young women’s empowerment centres. The aim of both programs was to prevent honour related violence in immigrant families and to teach parents about children’s rights. Thirteen parents, three fathers and ten mothers, speaking three different languages were interviewed in three focus groups and one individually. The interviewed parents gave a partly different answer about why they participated in the program than the motives formulated by the parenting program organisers. One conclusion in our investigation was that both programs filled a gap among parents with experiences of migration. The gap though, was not always related to issues of honour or violence. The parents in the study all explained about difficulties in raising children in an unfamiliar situation, without relatives and friends around, with lack of knowledge about rights and duties and lack of trust in Swedish authorities. Several of the parents also explained how complicated and stressing it was to fulfil studies in the Swedish language and internships at the same time as they had responsibility of three, four, five or six children of various ages. The parenting program offered meetings with other parents in the same situation and teaching in their mother tongue. The programs had value to the interviewed parents because they felt recognized as parents with responsibility of children. In the same time, the programs were both selective (in contrast to other programs that are general, e. g ABC, Comet, The incredible years) and described their target group as foreign born parents marked by honour related violence. Risks of reproducing stereotypes of “immigrant families” had to be handled by the program organizers as well as other dilemmas e.g. representing an authority (social services) and of confidentiality (UNIZON) in the encounter with the participating parents. 

  • 22.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet, etnologiska institutionen.
    Recension av: Almgren, Suzanne Mason, Life in the Labyrinth: A reflexive exploration of research and politics.2002In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 3, p. 223-226Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, avdelningen etnologi.
    Recension av: Bäckman, Maria, Miljonsvennar: omstridda platser och identiteter2010In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 1, p. 53-55Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, sektionen för humaniora.
    Recension av: Båtshake, Helene: Lena lär lyda2007In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 90, no 2, p. 101-104Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, sektionen för humaniora.
    Recension av: Christina Douglas: Kärlek per korrespondens. Två förlovade par under andra hälften av 1800-talet2012In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 95, no 3, p. 174-178Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, avdelningen etnologi.
    Recension av Lena Kåreland: Ett sällsamt dubbelliv: Gurli Linders memoarer om åren med S. A. Andrée2011In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 94, no 4, p. 241-244Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, sektionen för humaniora.
    Recension av: Olwig, Karen Fog och Paerregaard, Karstenn(red): Integration: Antropologiske perspektiver och av: Pedersen, Marianne Holm och Rytter, Mikkel (red) Den stille integration.2009In: Ethnologia Scandinavica, ISSN 0348-9698, E-ISSN 0348-9698, Vol. 39, p. 202-206Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, avdelningen etnologi.
    Recension av: Severinsson, Susanne, Unga i normalitetens gränsland2010In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 4, p. 230-233Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, avdelningen etnologi.
    Recension av: Söderlind, Ingrid oxh Engwall Kristina, Barndom och arbete2010In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, no 3, p. 182-185Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, sektionen för humaniora.
    Recension. Rosa den farliga färgen av Fanny Ambjörnsson2012In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 95, no 4, p. 252-254Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Recensioner: Folkhemmets rum 1-5. Kristina Lund (red.)2014In: RIG: Kulturhistorisk tidskrift, ISSN 0035-5267, E-ISSN 2002-3863, Vol. 97, no 1, p. 48-51Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Selective parenting programs for parents with foreign backgrounds: Cultural imperialism or democratic practicies in social work2019In: Nordic Social Work Research, ISSN 2156-857X, E-ISSN 2156-8588, p. 1-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In focus of this article are two selective parenting programs, both developed locally by Social Services and by a Women´s Shelter organisation in Sweden. Parents with a foreign background is the target group. Their needs are formulated in terms of `change values based on patriarchal beliefs in honour´. In the article the programs are described in relation to universal evidence-based parenting programs and a also a three-part dilemma of 1; offering preventative but also normative interventions to 2; selected target groups and 3; based on the idea that migrant parents have special needs due to cultural differences. The aim is to investigate in what ways the practices of conducting parenting programs for this target group could be framed as cultural imperialistic practices or democratic practices in social work. Cultural imperialism leads to oppression while democratic practices are emancipatory. A conclusion is that both practices are apparent and concurrent. Yet the dualism dismantles the risk of reproducing oppression of the selected target group. Another conclusion is that instead of defining parents with foreign backgrounds as culturally different the target group could be defined as a group with migration experience e. g. experience of leaving the home country and family and finding ways of resettlement in a receiving country. Selective parent programs are relevant but an alternative definition would promote democratic practice, where authorities and social workers meet the demands of the participating parents on their own terms, and with the goal, not to change ‘unwished cultural differences’ but to support empowerment.

  • 33.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lunds universitet institutionen för kulturvetenskaper, avdelningen etnologi.
    The Paradox of Migration and Patriotism: A comment on Per-Olof Grönberg2009In: Borders as Experience / [ed] KG Hammarlund, Halmstad: Halmstad University , 2009, p. 108-116Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    The reception of separated minors in Sweden: To receive with grace and knowledge2015In: Participation, Integration, and Recognition: Changing Pathways to Immigrant Incorporation / [ed] Elli Heikkilä, Auvo Kostiainen, Johanna Leinonen, Ismo Söderling, Turku: Institute of Migration , 2015, p. 111-124Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to describe the reception of separated minors in Sweden and analyse some central ideas and ethics as they are manifested, interpreted and practiced by professionals involved in the reception system. What impact do these ideas and ethics have on separated children? This article is based on extensive fieldwork consisting of more than 100 interviews and observations among actors in the reception system. Theories of differences and similarities are used to investigate how professionals perceive minors both as normal teenagers and as culturally different aliens who need to become “Swedish”. The study concludes that a combination of the ideas of similarities and differences, where the minors are recognised as persons with various backgrounds and experiences, could upon reflection result in a more gracious reception.

  • 35.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Högskolan i Halmstad, sektionen för humaniora.
    To receive unaccompanied children with grace and knowledge2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Högskolan i Halmstad, Kontext & kulturgränser (KK).
    Vad kultur gör: Om kultur, möten, förväntningar och förändring inom äldreomsorg2015Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vad människor verksamma inom äldreomsorg, chefer, kulturutövare, personal och politiker, gör med kultur, och vad kultur gör med dem och med organisationerna de verkar i. Studien har genomförts i samarbete mellan Region Hallands Kulturförvaltning, Hallands bildningsförbund och Högskolan i Halmstad och har finansierats av Kulturrådet och Region Halland. Studien har genomförts i Hallands sex kommuner. Den metod som använts är etnografisk och består av intervjuer med politiker och personal på olika nivåer inom äldreomsorgen samt observationer och skriftligt material. Kultur syftar på människors estetiska yttringar, både skapandet och åtnjutandet av exempelvis konst, litteratur, teater, dans och musik. Äldreomsorg syftar på de insatser och verksamheter som finns i kommunerna. Dessa har delats in i förebyggande verksamheter som är öppna för alla äldre (som uppnått pensionsålder) och omvårdande verk-samhet som omfattar de äldre som har fått sina vård- och omsorgsbehov biståndsbedömda i form av hemtjänst eller på ett särskilt vårdboende.

  • 37.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Vinna eller försvinna?: Fostran till humankapital i 2000-talets skola2003In: Kunskapssamhällets marknad / [ed] Markus Idvall, Fredrik Schoug, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2003, p. 57-86Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. Halmstad university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Malmö university.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Att få vara den man är2013In: Barndom och migration / [ed] Maren Bak och Kerstin von Brömssen, Umeå: Boréa Bokförlag , 2013, p. 277-302Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund university.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Att få vara en person2010In: I&M, Invandrare & minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 5-6, p. 48-51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 40.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Halmstad university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund University.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund University.
    Att tolka för barn: Tolkars erfarenhet2012In: Barnbladet: Tidskrift för Sveriges Barnsjuksköterskor, ISSN 0349-1994, Vol. 37, no 1, p. 18-20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund university.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Behind closed doors: The significance of interpreting for guaranteeing legal security and integration2010In: Abstracts of paper presentations, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The right to interpretation service in Sweden is currently regulated under the Code of Judicial Procedure, the Administrative Procedures Act, and the State Officials Act.Interpreter service in courts is a right according to the Code of Judicial Procedure. The State Officials Act regulates administrative authorities and states that a public authority should use an interpreter ‘when needed’. This formulation does not imply a right as in the Code of Judicial Procedure as “when needed” gives the right to decide whether an interpreter is called in or not, to the public service provider.

    In this paper our starting point is the fieldwork done within a research project called Behind closed doors – The significance of community interpreting for guaranteeing legal security and for integration; with special focus on the reception of unaccompanied children and the processing of their asylum cases. As the title of this project suggests it is the act of community interpreting that is our main research object but with the special purpose to study community interpreting within the field of reception and processing of asylum cases of separated children.

    The interpreter is involved in many different areas and meetings - with the Migration Board, the health system, at school, in dialogue with social workers, the legal guardian etc. We will describe and analyze the everyday handlings, routines and norms within the reception of separated children and the processing of their asylum cases through the eye of the interpreter. We will also problematize the impact of community interpreting from the perspective of separated children, as individuals depending on interpretation to be able to communicate and to obtain rights (legal and human, specified in the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child).

     

  • 42.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund University.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund University.
    Between empowerment and powerlessness: Separated minors in Sweden2012In: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, ISSN 1520-3247, E-ISSN 1534-8687, Vol. 2012, no 136, p. 65-77Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article analyzes the migration experiences of thirteen separated minors who arrived in Sweden between 1943 and 2008. Using the framework of "dislocation" and the "liberated self," this chapter shows that the experiences of separated minors are shaped in the intersection between contexts and conditions of transnational migration and the Swedish reception system. Their efforts to continue living based on the past and building a new life during a period of transition between different countries and between childhood and adulthood can be described as "a life on hold." The paradox that migration serves simultaneously to empower and render children powerless is discussed.

  • 43.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund university.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Educational programs for interpreters2010In: Abstracts of paper presentations, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Interpreter training in Sweden started in the late 60-ties by local immigrant services bureaus. It developed over time. The principal responsibility for interpreter and translator training, financed by the state, lies within the mandate of the Institute for Interpretation and Translation Studies (TÖI), at Stockholm University. The Institute also has the overall responsibility to develop uniform education and certification of interpreters and translators in Sweden. Basic training is delivered by four folk high schools and three adult educational associations. Since 2006 the state financed basic training is either provided as distance tuition over two years or evening classes over one year. The curriculum contains courses in the following fields: social services, medical care, the labor market, workplace and legal matters. Each course has lectures about the field, such as legal regulations, organization and structures. Each course also deals with language and interpreting training, techniques and ethics. State supervised basic training has taken place in more than 100 languages. The paper will analyze the result so far of the system that was initiated in 2006. We will describe the curriculum for the basic training: values, ethics, praxis, form, content and examination. After that we will analyze three different problem areas: 1. Issues like genus, sexual orientation, racism and other issues about fundamental values which sometimes are mainstreamed but often enough not. 2. Challenges related to the selection of languages for training. It is sometimes difficult to keep up with the very quick changes of interpreting needs that are caused by global events out of Swedish control. As we will see the agencies find all sorts of ways to meet the needs in cases where no trained community interpreters are available. 3. The theoretical and methodological framework of teaching community interpreting; the didactics of community interpreting.

  • 44.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund university.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Separated Minors in Sweden2010In: THE BOOK OF PROGRAMME AND ABSTRACTS / [ed] Povrzanovic Frykman, Maja, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and minors are increasingly becoming a recognized part of international migration. This circumstance raises many questions about the reception of migrating minors in different national contexts. This paper focuses on separated minors in Sweden.

    The paper is based on the following research project: Behind closed doors – the significance of interpreting to legal rights and integration with a focus on the reception of separated children and young people. The fieldwork contains several observations and around 60 in-depth or autobiographical interviews with social workers, separated children, interpreters, staff at residences, guardians, nurses, teachers, and staff at the Migration Board. Since October 2009, we also work with a reference group including three adults who came as separated children.

    In this paper, we analyze the following questions: What happens with the personal life story under the asylum process and within the reception of the new country? In what way can the children’s and youth’s personal biographical stories come forward? Is the child or youth seen and heard? If so, by whom, when and why?

    Our purpose is to discuss the concept of separated children and describe the contemporary situation of the reception in Sweden. By using fragments from three young individual’s life-stories, we will analyze the circumstances of being a part of asylum process and reception with a special focus on recognition and identity.

  • 45.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund university.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    The community interpreter, a cultural broker: The role of the interpreter and the issue of representation2010In: Abstracts of paper presentations, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    “It was a family in a situation where social authorities had taken their children into care. I was interpreting for them four or five times. It was a clear case of cultural clashes. In their country of origin there are no social authorities and the parents did not at all understand how serious the situation was. The man was a heavy drinker and the woman was offered a choice, to stay with her husband and lose her children or to leave her husband and keep the children. It was immensely difficult to interpret. And it is very important to keep in mind that I am interpreting for both the couple and the public officer.”

    In many cases it is very difficult to meet the expectations from the persons you are interpreting for. The couple in the example did not have an understanding of the Swedish public officer’s way of thinking and vice versa. The expectations projected on the community interpreter were also totally different. The interpreter moves from different perceptions of “normality” and is expected to facilitate communication between these understandings of the situation at hand. In our paper we will analyze different sociocultural expectations and realities the interpreter has to handle and what it means to understand the significance of perceived normality when performing an interpretation. The analysis is based on 50 interviews with community interpreters and a two year long fieldwork among interpreters in Sweden. Theoretically we will discuss the role of the community interpreter (one job or many?) and the issue of representation by using the academic discussion about self- reflection.

  • 46.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund university.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Working conditions of interpreters and the responsibility of the government2010In: Abstracts of paper presentations, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The right to interpretation service in Sweden is regulated under the Code of Judicial Procedure, the Administrative Procedures Act, and the State Officials Act. There aredifferent tools for fulfilling the responsibilities of the state, such as state funded educationand provision of authorization. In one crucial area, however, the State has no tools forcontrol and regulation of quality, namely within the labor market were communityinterpreters operate. The majority of interpreters are not employed, only registered withone or more agency. All appointments are made through an agency.Public service providers are obliged to respect the Public Procurement Act. Thus there is acompetition for contracts with agencies and not with interpreters. According to criticalvoices, this has undermined the possibilities for interpreters to have influence on theirlabor legislative situation. As there is no state supervision, except for the authorizedinterpreters, and no supervision of agencies it is impossible to make an accurateestimation of quality. We know, however, that there is divergence between agencies carefor interpreters. Some agencies pay for education, authorization, coaching andprofessional support while other agencies do nothing of the sort.Our empirical material is based on more than 100 interviews with community interpreters,educators, agencies, users etc., and fieldwork within all areas of community interpreting.Our paper deals with such rights of community interpreters as education, proper paymentand security. It deals with the question of professionalism, how the existing structuralframe undermines the ambition of interpreters to continue developing their professionalskills. It is a right for both the public service officer and the immigrant who cannot speak Swedish to have access to a skilled interpreter. The paper will consequently deal with theresponsibilities of the state in relation to above mentioned issues.

  • 47.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Fioretos, Ingrid
    Lund University.
    Norström, Eva
    Lund university.
    Working with combined methods2010In: Abstracts of paper presentations, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    We are involved in two interlinked projects, “The community interpreter – a cultural broker”and “Behind closed doors – The significance of community interpreting for guaranteeing legal security and for integration; with special focus on the reception of unaccompanied children and the processing of their asylum cases” The main purpose is to analyze the position of community interpreters as cultural brokers since they are involved in interpreted meetings and communication between professionals and clients/patients. Through the eye of the community interpreter we will especially describe and analyze the reception of separated children and the handling of their asylum case. We combine a series of methods in our work. A short description of the methods: We have done more than 160 in depth and open interviews with actors from the whole of the interpreting field: Community interpreters, agencies, public service officers, refugees, clients, patients, educators... During two years we have continuously done observations in the publicly run homes where separated children are received, in agencies, at courts, in health care centers, and we have participated in a two year long basic training for interpreters as well as in coursed for further education. Furthermore we have established,and are working closely with, five different thematic groups of experienced people, interpreters, individuals who arrived in Sweden as separated children, educators, public officials and agencies. We hold seminars where our findings are continuously discussed. Our research is anchored in formal cooperation between the University in Lund, two educators (one folk high school and one educational association) and one agency. In our paper we will describe and analyze the use of these methods and evaluate the benefits and costs of the way of gaining knowledge that we have developed.

  • 48.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    A worthy reception?: Ambivalences in social work with refugees and migrants2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    A Worthy Reception? Ambivalences in Social Work with Refugees and Migrants in Sweden2018In: Advances in Social Work, ISSN 1527-8565, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 983-1004Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to analyze how reception practices and the meaning of a “worthy” reception of refugees and migrants are negotiated in encounters between various receiving actors in times of shifting Swedish migration policies. The analysis is grounded in ethnographic methodology and draws on data collected in 2016. The aim of the study was to document experiences of the so-called “refugee crisis” in Europe and Scandinavia from a bottom-up perspective among professionals and volunteers narrated during reference group meetings. The reference groups consisted of representatives from state and municipal agencies, the private sector, and civil society organizations. The actors represented in the mixed reference groups were diverse, but all were involved in reception activities. In the analysis we have combined political philosophy about willingness versus ability to receive refugees and migrants with postcolonial theoretical perspectives on concurrent claims and voices. We identified three themes that are central in the negotiation of the practice and meaning of a “worthy reception”: first, the overlooked existential needs of refugees and migrants; second, the lack of gender- and diversity-sensitive reception practices; and third, ambivalences in relation to various refugees groups in times of shifting migration policies. We recommend that in order to promote a worthy reception of refugees and migrants, existential needs must be taken care of and gender- and diversity-sensitive practices must be developed. Another recommendation is to recognize how migration policy limits a society’s ability to receive refugees and migrants, but also affects the willingness among those actors who receive.

  • 50.
    Gustafsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Johansson, Jesper
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
    Negotiated reception of refugees and migrants. Mixed reference group interviews as a source of knowledge production about social work in times of migration2018Conference paper (Refereed)
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