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  • 1.
    Bohne, Ulrica
    et al.
    KTH Royal Inst Technol.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM), Department of Media Technology. KTH Royal Inst Technol.
    Katzeff, Cecilia
    KTH Royal Inst Technol;Interact Swedish ICT, Eskilstuna.
    The EcoPanel: designing for reflection on greener grocery shopping practices2015In: Proceedings of Enviroinfo and ICT for Sustainability 2015, 2015, p. 221-228Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While the purchases of organic food are increasing rapidly, it accounts for only a small fraction of the total consumption, and there is still a big gap between consumer values awareness and the actual consumption. This article explores how detailed personal feedback could help the households to gain insight and reflect on their consumption, the text presents the design process of developing a prototype, the EcoPanel, in collaboration with a major player on the food retail market. Based on the access to detailed tracking of purchase data, the aim of the design was to provide relevant feedback to facilitate for reflection on the user's own food choices. The design prototype is intended to serve as an instrument for insight and reflection and to bring unconscious aspects of grocery shopping to conscious awareness. Following a research through design approach, this article describes the interdependent steps in designing the EcoPanel and design decisions playing a role for users' critical reflection of their food choice practices. It discusses the intention of each module in providing insight. Finally, we discuss how a social practice perspective may be useful for identifying fruitful future research into the design for more sustainable grocery shopping practices

  • 2. Bonanni, L
    et al.
    Ebner, Hannes
    Hockenberry, M
    Sayan, B
    Brandt, Nils
    Csikszentmihàlyi, N
    Ishii, H
    Turpeinen, Marko
    Young, S
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Sourcemap. org: First Application of Linked and Open LCA Data to Support Sustainability2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Bonanni, Leonardo
    et al.
    MIT Media Lab, USA.
    Ebner, Hannes
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Hockenberry, Matthew
    MIT Media Lab , USA.
    Sayan, Bianca
    University of Waterloo , Canada.
    Zapico Lamela, Jorge Luis
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Brandt, Nils
    MIT Media Lab, USA.
    Csikszentmihàlyi, Chris
    MIT Media Lab , USA.
    Ishii, Hiroshi
    MIT Media Lab, USA.
    Turpeinen, Marko
    MIT Media Lab, USA.
    Young, Steven
    University of Waterloo, Canada.
    The Open Sustainability Project: A Linked Data Approach to LCA2010In: LCA X, Bridging Science, Policy, and the Public 2-4 November 2010, Portland, Oregon, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The proprietary nature of LCA tools and information limits widespread adoption of sustainability measures. We introduce the Open Sustainability Project(OSP), a Linked Data resource for broadening access to LCA in an effort to increase the transparency and accuracy of environmental impact assessments(2, 9).The OSP applies Free and Open Source Software(FOSS) principles and Linked Data structures to LCA standards and reporting so that communities including students, SME’s and the general public can participate in the assessment and verification of sustainability practices(1,6). The highly flexible data format allows disparate data sources and assessments to be compared along an open standard compliant with ISO 14048 reporting(5, 8, 12).In addition, the OSP makes available a free database of Life Cycle Assessment data using an approach based on Linked Data and RESTful interfaces which supports the development of rich third-party applications for specific user groups and industries(7). This novel combination of linked data and web-based tools is inherently transparent so that LCA practices can be standardized, compared and verified by a broad community.The OSP is an international collaboration between academics, government and industry groups leveraging expertise in LCA, Open Data and web-based tools for sustainability(10). Our first Open Source and Open Data web sustainability tools have confirmed the potential to engage a wider audience, with over two thousand registered users, three thousand environmental assessments performed and over 330,000 page views from more than 75 countries since September 2009(3, 4, 11). The OSP aims to expand reach of LCA through a free and open Application Programming Interface(API) to support distributed development of third-party applications for sustainability assessment through the emerging metrics for social and environmental sustainability(a free LCA "App Store"). These applications are intended to disseminate LCA standards, encourage transparency in environmental reporting and leverage Collective Intelligence in the collection, publication and verification of LCA.The OSP aims to transform LCA into a collaborative process where data collection, analysis, assessment and reporting benefit from the feedback and ideas of a growing worldwide LCA community.

  • 4.
    Hedin, Björn
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM), Department of Media Technology.
    Kilowh.at – Increasing Energy Awareness Using an Interactive Energy Comparison Tool2017In: Persuasive Technology: Development and Implementation of Personalized Technologies to Change Attitudes and Behaviors / [ed] de Vries, P.W., Oinas-Kukkonen, H., Siemons, L., Beerlage-de Jong, N., van Gemert-Pijnen, L, Springer, 2017, p. 175-185Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reducing the use of energy is important for several reasons, such as saving money and reducing impact on the climate. However, the awareness among non-experts of how much energy is required by different activities is generally low, which can lead to wrong prioritizations. In this study, we have developed an interactive tool to increase “energy awareness”. A group of 58 students first did a test to benchmark their current energy awareness, then tried the tool for 10 min, and then did the same test immediately after trying the prototype and one week after trying the prototype. In addition, they answered questions regarding which, if any, of the energy requirement of different activities surprised them, any thoughts about their own energy use aroused after using the prototype and what they thought about using the tool compared to more conventional methods of learning. The results showed a significant learning effect in energy awareness with a very strong effect size of 1.689, that they were most surprised by the energy required to produce a hamburger, 39 of 58 explicitly said they intended to change one or more aspects in order to improve their energy use, where 24 actions involved changing habits and 18 actions was of a one-time investment character. The attitude towards using such a tool instead of more conventional learning was very good and the words most frequently used to describe the tool was good, simple and easy to use, fun, and interesting, but five users also said they were bored after a while. In total the results indicate that using an interactive tool like this even for a limited time is a good way to in an efficient and fun way increase energy awareness.

  • 5.
    Hedin, Björn
    et al.
    KTH Royal institute of technology, Sweden.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    What Can You Do with 100 kWh?: A Longitudinal Study of Using an Interactive Energy Comparison Tool to Increase Energy Awareness2018In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 7, article id 2269Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Reducing the use of energy is important for several reasons, such as saving money and reducing impact on the climate. However, the awareness among non-experts of how much energy is required by different activities and appliances is generally low, which can lead to wrong prioritizations. In this study, we have developed an interactive tool to increase “energy awareness”, and performed a longitudinal study to evaluate its effect. A group of 58 students first did a test to benchmark their current energy awareness, where their current knowledge of energy used for 14 different activities, such as driving vehicles and using home appliances, was measured. They then tried the interactive learning tool for 10 min. Next, they did the same test immediately after trying the tool, then again one week after trying the tool, and finally again six months after trying the tool. The results showed a significant learning effect in energy awareness with a “huge” effect size of 2.25 immediately after the intervention, a “very large” effect size of 1.70 after one week, and a “large” effect size of 0.93 after six months. The results further showed that the respondents consistently underestimated what 100 kWh could be used for, and especially so for appliances and activities requiring little energy. Before the intervention, on average they underestimated how much 100 kWh could be used for by 95.2%, and six months after the intervention the underestimation was 86.8%.

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  • 6.
    Kanyama, Annika Carlsson
    et al.
    Ecoloop AB, Sweden.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Holmberg, Chatarina
    Ecoloop AB, Sweden.
    Wikman-Svahn, Per
    KTH Royal instute of technology, Sweden.
    "The Greatest Benefit Is to Think Differently": Experiences of Developing and Using a Web-Based Tool for Decision-Making under Deep Uncertainty for Adaptation to Sea Level Rise in Municipalities2024In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 16, no 5, article id 2044Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for handling the deep uncertainty surrounding the future climate has led to various novel and robust approaches for decision-making under deep uncertainty (DMDU) when adapting to climate change. Here, an online and self-explanatory web-based tool was developed and tested with civil servants from five municipalities in Sweden challenged by rising sea levels. The municipalities used the tool by themselves and were then interviewed about the usability of the tool, the perceived urgency of climate change adaptation, and the possibilities for municipalities for handling the flexible solutions that are at the core of DMDU. Results were that the civil servants reported that the urgency of climate change adaptation has increased, that the tool changed their perspectives compared to traditional planning methods, and that changes in laws and regulations to accommodate decisions about flexible solutions were recommended.

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  • 7.
    Katzeff, Cecilia
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Carlsson Kanyama, Annika
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Share or waste?: Using an ICT-platform to share food on a university campus2019In: ICT for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on ICT for Sustainability, Lappeenranta, Finland, June 10-14, 2019 / [ed] Annika Wolff, Lappeenranta-Lahti University of Technology LUT, Finland , 2019, p. 1-7Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering that food production for human consumption has a large environmental impact, food waste is major challenge for sustainable development. Although food waste occur at all phases in the food supply chain, private consumption has been identified as a major phase of food waste generation. Intervening at this phase provides an opportunity of change. The article reports the testing of a digital prototype designed to facilitate for employees and students at a university campus to share food. A representative group tested the prototype and associated food sharing activities for two weeks. At the closing of the test period they filled in a questionnaire evaluating their experience. Twenty-three responses were obtained showing that twelve people used the prototype for collecting food, whereas nine used it for sharing their food. Six people did both. Main reasons for not collecting food included lack of time, unavailability of shared food in their proximity and inaccessibility of spaces where food was located. Main reasons for not sharing food were that they lack of food to share, lack of time, and that sharing was possible without the prototype. General conclusions from the study are that people will use a digital service for sharing food in the workplace if there is a critical mass of users and if an effective organization of sharing and collecting food is provided.

  • 8.
    Katzeff, Cecilia
    et al.
    KTH Royal institute of technology, Sweden.
    Milestad, Rebecka
    KTH Royal institute of technology, Sweden.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Bohne, Ulrica
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Encouraging Organic Food Consumption through Visualization of Personal Shopping Data2020In: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, no 9, p. 1-15, article id 3599Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although food retailers have embraced organic certified food products as a way to reduce their environmental loading, organic sales only make up a small proportion of total sales worldwide. Most consumers have positive attitudes towards organic food, but attitudes are not reflected in behaviour. This article addresses consumers' attitude-behaviour gap regarding their purchase of organic food and reports on how visualization of personal shopping data may encourage them to buy more organic food. Through the design of the visualization tool, the EcoPanel, and through an empirical study of its use, we provide evidence on the potential of the tool to promote sustainable food shopping practices. Of 65 users that tested the EcoPanel for five months, in-depth interviews were made with nine of these. The test users increased their purchase of organic food by 23%. The informants used the EcoPanel to reflect on their shopping behaviour and to increase their organic shopping. We conclude that the visualization of food purchases stimulates critical reflection and the formation of new food shopping practices. This implies that food retailers may increase sales of organic food through using a visualization tool available for their customers. In this way, these retailers may decrease their environmental impact.

  • 9.
    Stojanov, Martin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Pargman, Daniel
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Hazas, Mike
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Comber, Rob
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    How do we arrive at constraints?: Articulating limits for computing2023In: LIMITS, Ninth Computing within Limits 2023, PubPub , 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Computing within Limits invites considerations of limits and constraints in design practice. We compare two projects which integrate constraints, the reduction of academic air travel and a solar powered internet, to show a distinction between two approaches to arriving at constraints. In the case of reducing academic air travel, the problem which greenhouse gas emissions pose for business-as-usual academic travel is addressed by proposing constraints on future flying. Constraints in the Flight project can be understood as a process of commensuration, of comparing that which is to be constrained according to a common metric. This gives rise to a future of academic travel understood in relation to CO2 emissions and reduction targets. In the second case, we have explored the solar internet as a specific way to introduce constraints in the context of the rising electricity use associated with internet infrastructure. In the Solar Internet project, constraints have been approached relationally and iteratively, in reconfigurations of internet use practices and design practices, including the solar internet imaginary and the scale of battery and power supply.

    We compare these two approaches, drawing on vocabulary from Sociology of Quantification and Science and Technology Studies, to help articulate their respective implications, while also acknowledging what they have in common, e.g. the ability to expand the frame of what is made relevant for design practice.The case of the Flight project suggests that constraints as a process of commensuration can be fruitful when pursuing a unified future, intervening over time with a trajectory towards a quantifiable target. On the other hand, when trying to account for indirect effects and the future as multiple, the introduction of constraints can better be understood as con-figurations, with a future negotiated iteratively in design practice. Rather than thinking about constraints as essentially requiring one or the other approach, we suggest that problems and the introduction of constraints may be more or less amenable to either approach at aspecific time.

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  • 10.
    Svenfelt, Åsa
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Media Technology.
    Sustainable food systems with ICT?2016In: 4th International Conference on ICT for Sustainability (ICT4S 2016), Atlantis Press , 2016, Vol. 46, p. 194-201Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The food system is burdened by many and severe negative environmental and social impacts. Two of the reasons for the impacts are the increasing scale and globalisation of the food system. ICT has been put forward as a means to enhance sustainability in society, yet the potential for food systems is underexplored. In this paper we review ICT solutions for improved sustainability of food systems, which are used in practice or are discussed as potential solutions. The aim is to identify ICT solutions that can potentially enhance sustainability in the food system. We review mostly scientific literature. The ICT solutions are categorized according to four main purposes of the approach, to 1) efficiency through monitoring and assessment of environmental impact, 2) enhance transparency and traceability in the food system, 3) creating network between actors in the food chains, 4)influence and change food practices. We conclude that there is no coherent research field covering ICT in food systems. The papers reviewed are scattered over several disciplines and scientific journals. We also conclude that there is a predominance of research on monitoring of food production and ransparency and traceability in the food chain. More research is needed that take on holistic approaches and include several parts of the food system.Furthermore, we would also like to see more research onwhat sustainable food systems could be like and how ICT couldsupport and perhaps sometimes hinder such developments.

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  • 11.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM), Department of Media Technology. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Blinded by data: The risks of the implicit focus on data in ICT for Sustainability2014In: ICT4S, Atlantis Press , 2014, p. 148-154Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability is a normative concept, building on ideas such as justice, equity and responsibility, and based on human culture and society. Computers, internet, and the technologies that are central in our network society embed also normative values and are part of a cultural context. But the work looking at computer technologies and sustainability has been mostly oriented towards either calculating the impact of technology or using technology as a tool for solving practical problems. ICT is seen as a neutral system to be used or study, while the more normative aspects are mostly overlooked. This paper explores some of the problems arising from these overlooked normative values, such as focusing only on quantifiable problems while forgetting other aspects that may be as important but not easy to put in numbers, or trusting too much in numbers while hiding assumption and model choices. This paper suggests that more critical reflection on these questions is needed in the research area, as well as developing more connections with existing research on these topics in more traditional disciplines.

  • 12.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM), Department of Media Technology. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Green Hackathon: Hacking for sustainable food2014In: 2nd International Conference on ICT for Sustainability 2014, ICT4S-WS 2014, Co-Located with ICT4S 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, 24 August 2014 through 27 August 2014, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    ICT and Environmental Sustainability, Friend or Fœ?2012In: Information Technologies & International Development, Vol. 8, no 3, p. 99-101Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    The Hacker Ethic, Openness, and Sustainability2013In: The Open Book / [ed] Open Knowledge Foundation, London: The Finnish Institute , 2013, p. 40-44Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Ahlgren, Fredrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Zennaro, Marco
    ICTP, Italy.
    Insect biodiversity in agriculture using IoT: opportunities and needs for further research2022In: IEEE Global Communications Conference, 7-11 December 2021, Madrid, Spain: Connecting Cultures around the Globe, IEEE, 2022, p. 1-5Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      Recent research points out an alarming decline in insect biodiversity and biomass. Changing agriculture practices, together with climate change, are a main driver behind this decline. Biodiversity interventions in agriculture can therefore play an important role for insect conservation. Validating the impact of such interventions is limited by expertise and labor intensive methods, and there is a growing number of projects exploring how IoT could help. For instance using remote sensors to capture insect images and sound fingerprints non-intrusively, and machine learning models to automatically classify the obser- vation in different taxa. This article will: (a) explore recent advances in Internet of Things, Edge ML and LPWAN technologies and their application for monitoring insect biodiversity; (b) discuss opportunities, needs and ideas for validating the impact of biodiversity inter- ventions in agriculture using these technologies; and (c) outline future research opportunities.  

  • 16.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    KTH Royal Insitute of Technology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH Royal Insitute of Technology.
    Turpeinen, Marko
    KTH Royal Insitute of Technology.
    Environmental metrics: The Main Opportunity from ICT for Industrial Ecology2010In: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 703-706Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM), Department of Media Technology.
    Hedin, Björn
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Energy Weight: Tangible Interface for Increasing Energy Literacy2017In: 2017 Fifth IFIP Conference on Sustainable Internet and ICT for Sustainability (SustainIT 2017), IEEE, 2017, p. 97-99Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing energy literacy has been identified as an important topic in order to help people understand their energy use and thereby enabling them to reduce their energy use. We have developed a tangible interface for helping people learn about energy by using wooden blocks as representation of several common cases of energy use. These are then placed on a digital scale connected to a computer which visualizes how many solar panels are required to power these.

  • 18.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Media Technology. Royal Institute of Technology, (KTH).
    Katzeff, Cecilia
    Royal Institute of Technology, (KTH).
    Ulrica, Bohné
    Royal Institute of Technology, (KTH).
    Rebecka, Milestad
    Royal Institute of Technology (KTH).
    Eco-feedback Visualization for Closing the Gap of Organic Food Consumption2016In: Proceedings of the  NordiCHI '16: The 9th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction : Game Changing Design, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2016, article id 75Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results of EcoPanel, an eco-feedback visualization created in collaboration with a Swedish food retailer. The visualization uses automatic data gathering to provide consumers with detailed information and long-term trends about their organic food consumption. The results from a five months test with 65 users show an increase in organic purchases compared to the control group, especially for the users who overestimated their percentage of organic food before the test. From the results we point out the possibilities of using visualization as a way of creating insight on behaviors such as food consumption, that are difficult to grasp from individual actions. This insight can be a way of closing the gap between attitudes and actual behavior, helping users that are already aware and willing to change, to perform more sustainable.

  • 19.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Kjelkerud, David
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Berggren, Henrik
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Turpeinen, Marko
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Carbon.to: improving the understanding of carbon dioxide information2010In: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection., Shaker Verlag, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We are nowadays increasingly presented with information about greenhouse gases in our everyday life. However thereseems to be a gap between this increase in the exposure to carbon dioxide information and the understanding of how tointerpret it, making behavioral change difficult. This article presents examples of how different applications have dealtwith this problem by representing the carbon dioxide information in different ways. Based on the existing examples, anapplication called carbon.to was developed and released. This service tries to improve the understanding of carbon dioxideinformation by simulation in a playful way. Feedback from the users points towards that the gap in understandingexisted and that carbon.to was successful in helping closing it.

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  • 20.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of computer science and media technology (CM).
    Maja, Söderberg
    Nybrukarna, Sweden.
    Transparent farmers: how farmers are using technology for new ways of selling and communicating with consumers2018In: ICT4S2018, 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Sustainability / [ed] Birgit Penzenstadler, Steve Easterbrook, Colin Venters & Syed Ishtiaque Ahmed, EasyChair Publications , 2018, Vol. 52, p. 398-409Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing number of farmers embracing information and communication technologies (ICT) as a way of enabling direct sales to consumers and creating added value through involving the consumers and making food production more transparent. This article presents the case of Nybrukarna, a community supported agriculture (CSA) cooperative in the south of Sweden, and explores how social media is used in their operation. The social media posts during a growing season were analyzed and used to identify different cases. Three main themes were identified: (1) practical communication and feedback from customers; (2) increasing transparency of crop production and values; (3) marketing and direct sales. These results were combined with information from a survey with feedback of the CSA customers, and a survey with growers in similar context, for identifying and discussing challenges, drivers, and opportunities for future development and research.

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  • 21.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Pargman, Daniel
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Ebner, Hannes
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Eriksson, Elina
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Hacking sustainability: Broadening participation through Green Hackathons2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Green Hackathon is an international series of coding events withsustainability purpose. Developers, researchers, environmental practitioners,and anyone else who is interested, work for a limited amount of time to createinnovative software solutions for sustainability. These events have explicitlyaimed to invite a broad spectrum of expertise besides technical expertise. Thisarticle presents the experiences and tensions of including these end users at amostly technically oriented event, and discusses how end-user developmentcould be used to encourage more reflective practices and as well as broadeningthe participation and the interdisciplinary collaboration in these events – withhigher-quality as a prospective outcome.

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  • 22.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Sayan, Bianca
    University of Waterloo, Canada.
    Bonanni, Leonardo
    MIT Media Lab, USA.
    Turpeinen, Marko
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Young, Steve
    University of Waterloo, Canada.
    Footprinted. org: experiences from using linked open data for environmental impact information2011In: Proceedings of the 25th EnviroInfo Conference – Innovations in Sharing Environmental Observations and Information. / [ed] Pillmann, W., Schade, S., and Smits, P, Shaker Verlag, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability science relies heavily on information (Allenby 2000, 2006). And as sustainability isgaining weight in decision-making, good and accessible environmental information is needed(Goleman 2009). This is true both at an institutional level, like when deciding the materials forbuilding a product, and at a personal level, deciding between chicken and salmon at thesupermarket. However, most of the environmental information is closed, based on proprietarysoftware, expensive or in text documents that are not possible to process.

    We believe that it is necessary to bring open data concepts from the web to environmentalimpact information (Davis et al, 2010; Zapico et al, 2010). This would increase transparency,openness, and make it easier to create sustainability services on top of the data.

    Exploring these ideas we have created Footprinted1, a web service that is trying to solve theseproblems by opening up the information using linked data, focusing in life cycle assessmentinformation. This article presents the finished application, the experiences developing it, and thefirst usages.

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  • 23.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Turpeinen, Marko
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Brandt, Nils
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Greenalytics: a tool for mash-up life cycle assessment of websites2010In: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Informatics for Environmental Protection. Aachen, Germany, Shaker Verlag, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental impact of internet is growing, reaching an estimated 1.4% of world greenhouse emissions. This impact is hidden for both users and web developers. Understanding and analyzing the environmental footprint of a website is not an easy task. The impacts are distributed through multiple hardware networks and a global user base, making the individual impacts difficult to allocate. This article presents the development of a functional application for generating automatic life cycle assessments for web sites based on mashing-up information. This application has the aim of making the impact of websites visible, allowing the instant analysis of their carbon footprint using existing analytics data and presenting it in an understandable and transparent way. The development process is presented with detailed information about how the calculations are performed. The results are discussed around two different cases, focusing on the challenges of calculating the server side impact and the possibilities for improvement.

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  • 24.
    Zapico, Jorge Luis
    et al.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Turpeinen, Marko
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Guath, Mona
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Kilograms or cups of tea: Comparing footprints for better CO2 understanding2011In: PsychNology Journal, E-ISSN 1720-7525, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 43-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Individuals are now often presented information about greenhouse gases in their everydaylife. However, there seems to be a gap between this increase in the exposure to carbondioxide information and the understanding of how to interpret it, making behavioral changedifficult. This article presents examples of how different applications have dealt with thisproblem by representing the carbon dioxide information in different ways. Based on theexisting examples, an application called carbon.to was developed and released. This servicetries to improve the understanding of carbon dioxide information by simulation in a playfulway. Feedback from the users points towards that the gap in understanding existed and thatcarbon.to was successful in helping closing it.

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