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  • 1.
    Blom, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Thörnqvist, Thomas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Utomhuskonstruktioner i trä: några erfarenheter från byggnation i trä av flerbostadshus2017Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Användandet av materialet trä i produkter är ett lån från naturen som förr eller senare genom nedbrytning av vedsubstansen ska återföras till det naturliga kretsloppet. Avseende användningen av solitt trä i produkter bestäms tidsperioden innan återföringen till naturen av produktens konstruktion och trämaterialet i sig självt i relation till den omgivande miljön samt användningen och hanteringen av produkten. En produkts förmåga att motstå, eller behålla sina egenskaper trots dessa yttre påfrestningar benämns dess beständighet.

  • 2.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Balancing the production flow in prefabrication of wooden houses2018Inngår i: Tools for sustainability, Forest Products Society, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The industrialization of wooden house building processes from traditional on-site production to off-site prefabrication is challenging, concerning the possibility of effective handling of numerous product variants, where each house is more or less unique. To obtain high productivity in the production, a well-balanced flow with minimization of waste is of great importance. In Sweden, many off-site house producers are in the starting phases of introducing advanced automation technologies in their production processes and the need for a more detailed process control therefore increases. In previous studies, the installation of windows has been identified as a demanding step in the prefabrication process, since it often creates a bottleneck i.e. the most overloaded part of process (Slack et al., 2016) and thus negatively affects the cycle-time and a balanced production flow.This study aims to understand, how the effectiveness of windows installations could be improved. By using a multiple case-study methodology, processes of several companies are compared and discussed. Further, suggestions for improvements are made for one case company. The results show that a replacement of the windows installation could (a) shorten the cycle-time of one wall by more than 10 %, (b) reduce the queueing time for the entire wall assembly process by more than 48 % and consequently (c) help to create a more balanced production flow.

  • 3.
    Johansson, Marie
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för byggteknik (BY).
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Nine storey residential timber construction and the municipal strategy of the city Växjö: [ Neun Geschosse in einem Wohngebiet aus Holz und die kommunale Holzbaustrategie der Stadt Växjö ]2015Inngår i: 21. Internationales Holzbau-Forum IHF 2015, Biel: Forum-Holzbau , 2015, s. 1-10Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    Due to devastating fires in several Swedish cities between 1838 and 1843, timber was not allowed to be used any more in bearing constructions for buildings with more than two floors. In 1994, the building code was changed towards functional requirements and timber could be used again in multi storey applications. However, this 150 year lasting prohibition let to the fact that building with timber in such applications barely developed. The market and the industry were used to steel and concrete, and mostly still are. Therefore, a strategy for more wood in construction was launched and implemented by the Swedish government in 2004, a.o. aiming at increasing the competition of building materials and -techniques. Here, prefabrication in an industrialized way was highlighted. Additionally, more Swedish wood should be processed domestically to save and provide jobs, but also to meet environmental concerns about reducing the CO2 footprint (Schauerte 2009).

    Regarding the implementation of that strategy, the Minister for Communications and Regional Policy in the Ministry of Industry, Employment and Communications, Ulrika Messing, stated that regional innovators and entrepreneurs would be of utmost impor- tance to reach the set up goals. Here, Växjö municipality comes into play.

  • 4.
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Flinkman, Matti
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Assessing corporate economic distress: a study of the wood construction industry2017Inngår i: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 594-601Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Wood buildings are considered as a viable option to support the effort minimizing the current housing shortage in Sweden. Companies trying to develop into this industry are needed to increase the use of prefabricated wooden elements, volumes or modules in an industrialized way. Suitable companies to make this development could be found amongst firms producing wooden single-family houses. These companies currently act on a highly competitive market with many companies offering relatively homogeneous products or services. Therefore, differentiation towards the wooden multi-family house industry could be considered as a long-term strategy, minimizing the economic distress and improving the survival of the company.The study is aiming at describing the development of economic distress and market concentration ratio in the Swedish industry for wooden single-family houses, for an eleven-year period from 2005 to 2015. The companies could be helped to understand, if and how the market concentration ratio and the economic distress are connected, linking company size to economic stability and efficient resource utilization. This will be conducted by applying Altman’s Z’-score model, grouping firms into a risk, a grey or a safe zone, combined with calculating the industry structure by means of the concentration ratio model. The required data were collected from the annual reports of the 51 relevant firms in the industry.

  • 5.
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Identifying drivers facilitating product development within the industry for wooden multi-family houses2017Inngår i: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 602-609Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is forecasted to grow its population with 1.1 million people over the next eight-year period, increasing the demand on the construction phase of housing units throughout Sweden. However, at present, 240 of Sweden's 290 municipalities show an existing deficit of available housing units in their regions, resulting in inherent difficulties fulfilling this demand utilizing the current production structure. Therefore, further utilizing wood as a building material could contribute to minimize the gap, as well as fulfilling the EU’s goals towards the Europe 2020 strategy and the EU forest strategies, focusing on development towards innovation, bio-economy, sustainable sourcing and use of raw materials. This study is aiming to identify drivers supporting the Swedish industry of wooden multi-family houses to enable market growth through competitive and sustainable strategies. The representatives within the building process identify drivers, how they perceive their effect on the companies’ abilities to develop based on long-term and short-term strategic impact. Thus, the goal is to find ways in which wooden multi-family houses could compete as a building solution, compared to established solutions, thereby increasing the market share in Sweden. The methods used in this study is surveys distributed to representatives from municipalities, developers, contractors, architects and real estate companies.The result identifies three change drivers influencing the industry development for wooden multi-family houses in Sweden: technological-, knowledge- and environmental- drivers. These drivers have an effect on the companies’ ability for successful new product development and for development of sustainable strategies towards market growth for wooden multi-family houses.

  • 6.
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Operational and Financial Risks in the Swedish Industry for Wooden Single-Family Houses: A Trend Analysis2015Inngår i: 4th Forum Wood Building Nordic Växjö 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Shifting concentration of population to urban areas has increased the shortage of available housing. The combination of housing shortage with a limited number of companies that provide solutions for multi-family houses in wood has become a serious concern in Sweden. Those companies that possibly could fill this void and enter this segment are at present time producing single-family houses. The development for these companies is connected to investments in long-term product development. The aim of this paper is to examine the possibility for these companies to develop and enter this segment. This is investigated by describing the risk position and financial situation for the companies within this industry, over time. It is conducted by utilizing a risk position model for 46 selected companies, comparing the development trend over a selected time period. This has exposed that many of the companies have demonstrated a positive financial situation and risk position over time, indicating a favorable position to invest in product development towards wooden multi-family houses in addition to their current products.

  • 7.
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    The perceived end-user satisfaction of sound transmission and their willingness to pay for value creation2015Inngår i: Internoise, 9-12 August, 2015, San Francisco, Society of Experimental Mechanics (SEM) , 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    From a consumer perspective, living quality in the building itself is vital, e.g. as perceived sound transmissions between apartments could differ significantly for the inhabitants and thus, affects consumer satisfaction differently. This is important for the contractor when using wood as building material, in combination with developing cost efficient and profitable building solutions. The aim of this study is to investigate if end-users in lightweight and heavyweight buildings are satisfied with the standards in their apartments, especially considering the sound transmission between neighboring apartments and from the outside of the building to their apartment, and if they would accept higher costs for a better sound insulation, i.e. an additional value created.

  • 8.
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    et al.
    ATEA Logistics.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Flinkman, Matti
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Changes in Industry Structure and Concentration?: Welfare Loss due to Perfect Competition in the Swedish Industry for Wooden Single-Family Houses2016Inngår i: 70th Forest Products Society annual convention - new horizons for the forest products industry, June 27-29, 2016, Portland, Madison: Forest Products Society, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    As studies based on data from 2012 show, the Swedish market for wooden single-family houses is highly competitive, with many firms offering relatively homogeneous products or services. In order to serve the demand on that market, only 38 % of the existing firms actually were needed. Thus, an uneven distribution of resource utilization let to welfare losses. Yet since 2012, the demand on the market increased by more than 35 %, which potentially had an effect on resource utilization.

    This study is aiming at describing the development of the structure and concentration in the Swedish industry for wooden single-family houses, for a five year period from 2010 to 2014. This could help to understand, if and how market demand affects structure, concentration rate and consequently welfare loss due to resource utilization. The required data were collected from the annual reports of the 52 relevant firms in the industry. By means of the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index and the Herfindahl-Hershamann Number Equivalent, industry structure and concentration rate was calculated.

    The results will show how the industry structure and concentration rate developed from 2010 to 2015, the distribution of resource for welfare purposes and thus, how many firms there actually were needed to serve the market.

  • 9.
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    et al.
    ATEA Logistics.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Flinkman, Matti
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Evaluating profitability of Firms in the Swedish Industry for Wooden Single-Family Houses2016Inngår i: The 70th Forest Products Society annual convention - new horizons for the forest products industry, June 27-29, 2016, Portland, Madison: Forest Products Society, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The market for Swedish wooden single-family house producers is characterized by perfect competition, i.e. products are highly substitutional and firms mainly compete by prices. Variance in net profit margins, as a key number for profitability, for firms in this industry ranges by 60 %. As net profit margin is defined as net profit divided by revenue, these latter two directly affect net profit margin. Yet, leaving the obvious determining mathematical explanations aside, other factors might affect the profitability of the firms, showing, what distinguishes successful firms from less successful ones.

    This study is aiming at exploring the factors affecting the profitability of Swedish firms producing wooden single-family houses. By means of those factors, variances in net profit margins might be explained more thoroughly. Data from annual reports were collected from 52 firms in the industry and a correlation analysis performed.

    The results will show if there are factors that correlate with net profit margins and if yes, what explanatory power these factors have. This in turn might serve as an input for the firms’ strategic development towards a higher profitability of their businesses.

  • 10.
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Identifying market mobility barriers for wooden single-family house producers to enter the multifamily segment2018Inngår i: Social Influences, Forest Products Society, 2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades, the housing shortage in Sweden accumulated to a level that led to acute problems for many people combined with continuously rising housing prices. The market for single-family houses, where wood dominates with 85 – 90 % of market share, is highly competitive with many companies offering relatively similar products or services. To serve the demand on that market, only 38 % of the existing companies were needed. One way to tackle the existing housing shortage, and to develop new business opportunities, could be to get more companies from the single-family house industry to produce multi-family houses. Current competence in prefabricated house production could be utilised, yet, other areas could act as barriers for these companies. The aim of this study is to identify potential market mobility barriers for Swedish companies currently producing wooden single-family houses to develop towards the construction of multi-family houses. This will be conducted by initial interviews with decision makers in those companies, combined with a survey-study covering companies within the industry. The results show that the main market mobility barriers are related to the strong market presence of traditional building materials, lack of knowledge by the market of wood as a suitable building material and the importance of governmental guidance and actions.

  • 11.
    Popovic, Djordje
    et al.
    Jönköping university.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Prefabrication of single-family timber houses: problem areas and wastes2017Inngår i: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC) / [ed] Walsh, K., Sacks, R., Brilakis, I., Heraklion, Greece: International Group for Lean Construction (IGLC) , 2017, Vol. 2, s. 837-844Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrialization of house building has shifted the activities traditionally done at building site to the off-site assembly. The design, manufacturing processes and on-site assembly in industrialized house building are defined and documented to form a process platform, but these must be evaluated and improved to constantly develop better and more efficient practice. Lean production and philosophy are still not well understood concepts at the shop floor and wasteful activities that decrease production efficiency are often overseen. Current waste categorizations and descriptions seem not to be addressing problem areas and occurrence of waste in prefabrication of single family timber houses. The research aim is to define problem areas that occur during the prefabrication of wall modules, associate them to eight types of waste and identify key problem areas for possible development and improvement. The study was based on secondary data from five case studies that primarily focused on identifying and proposing possibilities for development of productivity. Four problem areas were identified and the future improvement efforts for the prefabrication of single family houses can be placed on developing the processes of the assembly system problem area. The possible future study can aim at quantifying these problem areas.

  • 12.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    7th Forum Wood Building Nordic, hosted at Linnaeus University in Vaxjo, Sweden 27/28 of September 20182019Inngår i: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, E-ISSN 1748-0280, Vol. 14, nr 4, s. 191-191Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Consumer Perceptions on Wooden Multistory Houses: Segmenting International Markets2010Inngår i: The Role of Wood Science in the Green Building Movement: Markets for use of solid and engineered wood products in green construction, 2010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Editorial: Special Issue: Forum Wood Building Nordis 20152015Inngår i: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, E-ISSN 1748-0280, Vol. 10, nr 3, s. 215-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Identifying Product Attributes for Quality Function Deployment: Consumer Perceptions in the Case of Wooden Multi-Storey Houses2013Inngår i: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 773-779Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to bridge the gap between external consumer value and internal production quality, an understanding of consumers’ needs is vital. Consumers’ needs have to be translated through a firms’ internal value chain to improve production quality. The Means-End Chain approach elicits consumers’ needs in terms of product attributes, which further can be translated into engineering characteristics by using the House of Quality concept as the first step in Quality Function Deployment. Here, the relative importance of the attributes plays an important role for further processing. This paper’ aims at identifying product attributes and their relative importance, as an input into the House of Quality within Quality Function Deployment. This is done in the case of wooden multi-storey houses in Sweden, since there is a documented gap between the external consumer value and the internal production quality. Based on the Means-End Chain approach, the Extended Association Pattern Technique was used for a two stage study to elicit product attributes. Results from 34 interviews and 503 returned questionnaires revealed ten product attributes ranked by importance, to be further translated into engineering characteristics within Quality Function Deployment.

  • 16.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Investigating Consumer Perceptions by applying the Extended Association Pattern Technique: A Study on Wooden Multistory Houses2009Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past years, the usage of wood as construction material in multistory applications has increased. In Germany and Sweden, various activities have been, and are about to be performed, to accentuate and improve the position of wooden multistory houses. In line with that, this thesis tries to contribute to the understanding of how consumers perceive durable products; in the contextual frame of how German and Swedish consumers perceive wooden multistory houses.

    It was hypothesized that consumers’ perceptions on durable products differ, depending on their age, income, national and within-country habitation. Based on the Means-End Chain Theory, the Association Pattern Technique has been further developed to collect and analyze data for two samples. In Germany and Sweden, 31 respectively 34 laddering interviews have been carried out which formed the base for a survey-study in each country. Here, 229 surveys were received from German, and 503 from Swedish respondents.

    The results show that age, income, national and within-country habitation have significant impact on consumers’ perceptions of wooden multistory houses. Moreover, the extension of the Association Pattern Technique was validated. It allowed for additional data to be gathered, which can be regarded as rather important, since it appeared in the most dominant Means-End Chains of the respondents in both Germany and Sweden. This helps to understand consumers’ underlying reasons why one product is favoured over another.

  • 17.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Owning or Renting?: Investing Consumer Perceptions on Different Apartment Types in Wooden Multi-Family Houses in Sweden2015Inngår i: Renewable Materials and the Bio-Economy / [ed] H. Michael Barnes and Victoria L. Herian, 2015, s. 459-459Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, an increase of wooden multistory houses is expected in the near future. At the same time, discussions take place about an appropriate distribution of apartment types, i.e. rental apartments vs. condominiums. More rental apartments are demanded from the publics, whilst firms on the construction market are very well aware of the higher profitability of condominiums. Yet, what personal values would motivate consumers to rent or own an apartment in a wooden multi-family house and how are these linked to product attributes?

    Using the Extended Association Pattern Technique, data was generated from 318 consumers living in rental apartments and 185 living in condominiums in Sweden. For both consumer groups, the top 3 Means-End Chains were analyzed.

  • 18.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Perceptions of Wooden Multifamily Houses: Applying an Extended Association Pattern Technique2006Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past years, wooden one and two family houses showed a higher growth rate on the German construction market compared to conventional material like brick and stone. Wood as construction material became more and more attractive. Furthermore, a growing demand on multifamily houses could be recognized, yet, wood has not been considered as an alternative in this field of application until now. Trying to understand the end-users attitudes towards wooden multifamily houses, this licentiate thesis aims at exploring German end-users’ perceptions of wooden multifamily houses.

    To collect the necessary data, the Association Pattern Technique (APT) was applied, which is a two-stage method and has its foundations in the Means-End theory. In the first stage, 31 in-depth laddering interviews were carried out, which served as the base for the matrix-survey in the second stage, where 229 answers were received. Extending the existing method in the matrix-survey stage allowed for important additional data to be uncovered.

    The results show that individuals associate certain product attributes with wooden multifamily houses and that these attributes are thought to entail specific consequences. These consequences are in turn linked with the personal values of the respondents. The most dominant perceptual orientations of different groups of respondents are shown and significant differences could be found in how individuals in German perceive wooden multifamily houses depending on age, income and habitation.

  • 19.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Schaufenster in eine bessere Zukunft - Holzbau und mehr für eine ganzheitliche und nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung.2007Inngår i: / [ed] Hochschule für Architektur, Bau und Holz, HSB, Stuttgart: Frauenhofer IRB Verlag , 2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Wood construction in Sweden from 1994 to 2008.2009Inngår i: Forum Holz-Bau Garmisch 09: 15. Internationales Holzbauforum (IHF), Congress Centrum Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 2.-4. Dezember 09 : aus der Praxis - für die Praxis : Wirtschaft, Markt, Ökologie, Energieeffizienz, Architektur, Tragwerke, Realisierungen / [ed] Berner Fachhochschule für Architektur, Holz und Bau , HSB (eds.), Stuttgart: Frauenhofer IRB Verlag , 2009Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Wooden house construction in Scandinavia - a model for Europe2010Inngår i: Internationales Holzbau-Forum (IHF 2010): Aus der Praxis - Für die Praxis / [ed] forum-holzbau, CH-Biel, CH-Biel: Eberl Print GmbH , 2010, s. 1-10Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 22.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    From Customer Values to Production Requirements: Improving the Quality of Wooden Housing2013Inngår i: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 9, nr 4, s. 780-787Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The industry of wooden single-family houses in Sweden faces several challenges; both with regards to production but also with regards to the market conditions. In order to avoid uncontrolled price increases of wooden single-family houses, an act regulating the cash contribution when purchasing a house has been introduced. This has led to an increased focus of the house price as well as on the individual producers to control its processes and thereby its costs. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of existing research related to product and production developments related to the industry, identifying research gaps, and suggest research activities. This research has been carried out as a literature study focusing on these concepts. It concludes that existing research is fragmented and that the linkage between the consumer and the product is neglected as well as the holistic approach is missing in development activities. The authors propose that in order to study how the industry could come closer to their consumer markets and the aligned requirements as well as to facilitate product development, the Means-End Chain approach may be of use and that the approach could further be linked to Quality Function Deployment.

  • 23.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Wooden multi-family houses in Sweden: issues related to public procurement and quality2014Inngår i: Forest Products Society and World Conference on Timber Engineering joint proceedings, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Corporate Economic Distress in the Wood Construction Industry: Current State and Trend After the Economic Crisis2015Inngår i: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 389-396Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to obstruct housing shortage in Sweden, wood is considered as an alternative material for multi-family applications. Yet, more firms are needed to prefabricate wooden elements, volumes or modules in an industrialised way. These could be found amongst firms producing wooden single-family houses; however, they might suffer from economic distress, since their core market dropped by more than 60 % in the aftermath of the economic crisis. This study investigates corporate economic distress from 2010 to 2013 of 52 Swedish firms producing wooden single-family houses. This, by applying Altman’s Z’-score model, grouping firms into a risk, a grey or a safe zone. Results show that from 2010 to 2013, firms suffering from economic distress decreased from 11.1 % to 3.8 %. The two remaining firms in the risk zone most likely will face bankruptcy, if no radical action will be taken. Firms in the grey zone increased from 31.1 % to 36.5 %. The 19 firms in this zone are dependent on appropriate strategies to positively develop their business. Finally, firms in the safe zone increased from 57.8 % to 59.7 %. These firms are in good economic conditions and can be regarded as potential candidates for investing in a development towards multi-family applications. For the investigated time period, the average Z’-score improvement for the whole industry equals 38 %, with a major upturn from 2012 to 2013.

  • 25.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Firm Performance in the Swedish Industry for Off-Site Produces Wooden Single-Family Houses2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the 58th International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology June 7-12, 2015 - Grand Teton National Park, Jackson, Wyoming, USA: Convention Theme: Renewable Materials and the Bio-Economy / [ed] H. Michael Barnes and Victoria L. Herian, Society of Wood Science and Technology (SWST) , 2015, s. 457-457Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    From 2007 to 2012, the Swedish market for wooden single-family houses was characterized by an enormous downfall. Produced units per year decreased from 12 100 to 4 800, i.e. 60 %. Yet, firms seem not to have adjusted their businesses or costs accordingly, since production costs per m2 housing area increased by 20 %. Looking back to 2001, costs even increased by more than 60 % (Schauerte et al., 2015). These numbers might point on serious problems related to the firms’ overall performances.

    From 2010 to 2013, the total industry turnover decreased by 7 %, the total industry assets by 8 % and the average industry performance by 1 %. Thus, looking at the industry as a whole, it seems that firms try to adjust their fixed costs, here total assets, to the market development.

    Looking at the firm level, wide differences exist with changes in P ranging from –67 % to +138 %. In total, 20 firms improved their performance and 29 firms downgraded it.

  • 26.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    From Single-Family Houses to Multi-family Houses: Resistance to  Change and Perceived Hinders2015Inngår i: Renewable Materials and the Bio-Economy, Grand Teton National Park, Jackson, Wyoming, USA, 2015, s. 458-458Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the past decades, housing shortage in Sweden has accumulated to a level that has led to acute problems for many people in general, and combined with continuously rising housing prices, problems especially occur for younger people with relatively low income. On the market for single-family houses, where wood dominates with 85 – 90 % of market share, firms struggle with a low order intake and currently compete with very low margins, if any. Only few of these firms produce multi-family houses as well, even though production facilities often allow for that. One way to tackle the existing housing shortage could be to get more actors from the single-family house industry to produce multi-family houses. This would trigger competition, improve product quality and utilize economies of scale due to product relatedness, e.g. for prefabricated walls. In that way, profitability and the firms’ margins could be improved.

    This study is aiming at exploring potential hinders for Swedish firms producing wooden single-family houses to build multi-family houses. This will be done by deep interviews with decision makers in those firms and, based on that, a follow-up survey-study covering all listed firms in that industry segment will be performed.

    The results show that resistance to change and perceived hinders mainly are related to management issues, lack of knowledge about the new segment and constructional requirements.

  • 27.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Improving Profitability by Improving the Material and Production Flow: 3 case studies of Swedish Wooden Single-Family House Producers2015Inngår i: Forum Wood Building Nordic Växjö 2015: Competition and competence: how can we reach a higher level?, Linnaeus Univeristy , 2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 28.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Productivity Trend in the Off-Site Construction Sector of Wooden Houses2015Inngår i: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 11, nr 4, s. 432-439Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With rising production costs and an insufficient production development, firms in the Swedish industry for wooden single-family houses might face severe problems in productivity. This is gaining in importance, considering that this industry highly tends towards perfect competition, i.e. firms mainly have to compete by prices. This study investigates the productivity of Swedish firms producing wooden single-family houses off-site, by analysing the ratio between turnover and number of employees as factors affecting productivity. 48 firms were studied from 2010 to 2013 and the results show that the average firm productivity in the industry worsened by 6.56 %, with a slight improvement from 2012 to 2013. 23 firms increased and 25 firms decreased their productivity during the investigated time span, yet, from 2012 to 2013, 31 firms improved productivity. Almost half of the 23 firms with increased productivity achieved that betterment even though their turnover decreased and 12 firms improved productivity with declining turnover. Another 12 firms tried to compensate declining turnover with resigning employees, yet, could not keep their former productivity level.

  • 29.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Flinkman, Matti
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Critical success factors determining economic health of firms producing wooden single-family houses2017Inngår i: Arkitektur N, ISSN 1504-7628Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Firms in the Swedish industry for wooden single-family houses operate on a highly competitive market. Products are relatively homogenous, easily substitutional and firms mainly compete by prices. Since 2005, the accumulated market share for the five largest firms decreased from 53 % to 39 %, whilst the number of firms in the industry increased by almost 60 %. In addition to these internal issues on industry structure, construction firms are generally sensitive to external impacts, like the current changes in bank loan policy for the customer. Nonetheless, the number of produced single-family houses in Sweden increased by almost 130 % since 2012. Contributing to reducing the existing housing shortage in Sweden, wooden single-family house producers play an important role.

    However, earlier studies show that around 40 % of these firms are economically distressed, or in a situation, where they need to take appropriate strategic action to avoid economic distress in the near future. Yet, what actions are appropriate?

    This study is aiming at identifying current critical success factors determining economic health of Swedish firms producing wooden single-family houses. By means of these factors, conclusions about appropriate strategic actions might be drawn to avoid economic distress. Data from the 2015 annual reports of 50 relevant firms were collected and processed by means of the Altman’s Z´-score model and regression analysis.

    The results show that two factors accumulate to 99 % explanatory power (adj. R2) of financial health: (1) the manufacturing capacity of the firms’ assets and (2) the firms’ equity ratio. These are the current critical success factors for economic health of Swedish firms producing single-family houses. (1) matches todays’ debate about automated prefabrication and (2) can be seen as the way of financing such assets. Thus, these issues should guide the strategic agenda of firms in the industry.

  • 30.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    ATEA Logistics.
    Flinkman, Matti
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    The Development of Equity Ratios for Firms in the Swedish Industry for Wooden Single-Family Houses2016Inngår i: The 70th Forest Products Society annual convention - new horizons for the forest products industry, June 27-29, 2016, Portland, Madison: Forest Products Society, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On the Swedish market for single-family houses, wood traditionally dominates with around 90 % market share. Due to the economic crisis, the number of prefabricated wooden single-family houses decreased from about 12 100 units in 2007 to 4 800 units in 2012. Firms in the industry struggled with a 60 % decrease of order intake. These firms compete with relatively low margins, and many faced economic losses. Such losses negatively affect the firms’ equity ratio, describing the share of assets that are financed by own capital. This negative effect defines the firms’ long-term ability to pay its depths. The longer such an effect lasts, the more it threatens the firms’ future, potentially leading to bankruptcy.

    This study is aiming at describing the development of the equity ratio from 2010 to 2014 for 52 Swedish firms producing wooden single-family houses. This will be done by collecting and analyzing those firms’ annual reports and the required financial numbers.

    The results show on the one hand how an average equity ratio for the whole industry developed within the chosen five-year period. On the other hand, the development of each firm’s equity ratio within that period is mapped, indicating, which firms potentially might face problems if no appropriate actions will be taken.

  • 31.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Lindblad, Fredrik
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för skog och träteknik (SOT).
    Industry structure and risk positions for wooden single-family house firms in Sweden: evaluating their potential to enter the multi-family house segment2014Inngår i: Forest Products Society and World Conference on Timber Engineering joint proceedings, Forest Products Society, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Svensson, Victor
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Allhorn, Simon
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Improving Production Efficiency to Increase the Capacity and Profitability of a Swedish Wooden Single-Family House Producer2015Inngår i: Proceedings of the 58th International Convention of Society of Wood Science and Technology June 7-12, 2015 - Grand Teton National Park, Jackson, Wyoming, USA: Convention Theme: Renewable Materials and the Bio-Economy / [ed] H. Michael Barnes and Victoria L. Herian, Society of Wood Science and Technology (SWST) , 2015, s. 775-783Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    After the economic downfall and declining orders for wooden single-family houses in the past, order quantities on the Swedish market are turning upwards again. Yet, production costs for the firms are too high, often due to an inefficient production with too long lead-times. Further, a lot of capital is tied up in stock, leading to a relatively low rate of inventory turnover. Many firms face such production-related bottlenecks that affect profitability in a negative way. At the same time, firms want to increase their production capacity since the market is gaining strength.

    In this study, principles and methods of the LEAN production philosophy were applied on a case firm, where the value stream was mapped to explore bottlenecks in the production of a wooden single-family house and to calculate production efficiency. By means of the DuPont scheme for economic analysis, the firm's return on assets was analyzed.

    Data reveal how stock utilization, production and material flow, capacity and consequently return on capital are affected by a suboptimal facility planning. Changes in the current facility layout are suggested and measurements performed to exploit the direct effects of such changes and show their potential.

    Results show that with the suggested changes, stock could be reduced by 37 %, value-adding space increased by 13 % and production capacity by 50 %. By implementing the suggestions, production efficiency could increase between 10.3 % and 230 % and the firms return on assets could improve from 2.5 % to 37.8 %, which corresponds to an increase of profitability by around 1 506 %.

1 - 32 of 32
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