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  • 1.
    Agerström, Jens
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Gunnarsson, Helena E. M.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Psychology.
    Stening, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Does physical pain impair abstract thinking?2017In: Journal of Cognitive Psychology, ISSN 2044-5911, E-ISSN 2044-592X, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 748-754Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The ability to think abstractly constitutes a fundamental dimension of human cognition. Although abstraction has been extensively studied, its emotional and affective antecedents have been largely overlooked. One experiment was conducted to examine whether physical pain affects abstraction. Drawing on Construal Level Theory [Trope, Y., & Liberman, N. (2010). Construal-level theory of psychological distance. Psychological Review117, 440–463] and Loewenstein’s [(1996). Out of control: Visceral influences on behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes65, 272–292] visceral factors theory, we hypothesised that pain impairs abstraction because pain constricts people’s mental horizons and lead to a concrete, inward-focus toward oneself in the here and now. Physical pain was manipulated between subjects (N = 150). The participants either kept their left hand immersed in cold (painful) water or neutral (painless) water while we measured abstract versus concrete behaviour identification, categorisation, and perceptual processing. Bayesian statistical analyses indicate substantial evidence against the hypothesis that pain impairs abstraction. In contrast to many other previously studied cognitive outcomes (e.g. attention), abstraction appears to be largely immune to acute, experimentally induced pain.

  • 2.
    Stening, Kent
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Oestrogens effect on the sensation of pain1999Other (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Stening, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Prehospital smärtlindring: vårdvetenskaplig analys2016In: Prehospital akutsjukvård / [ed] Björn-Ove Suserud & Lars Lundberg, Liber, 2016, 2, p. 485-488Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Stening, Kent
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Prehospital smärtlindring; Vårdvetenskaplig analys2009In: Prehospital akutsjukvård / [ed] Suserud, B-O., Svensson, L, Liber , 2009, p. 235-238Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Stening, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Smärtproblem hos kvinnor2012In: SMÄRTA, ISSN 1402-1048, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 22-23Article, review/survey (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Stening, Kent
    Linköpings universitet, avd för cellbiologi.
    The effect of gonadal hormones on the sensation of pain: Quantitative sensorty testing in women2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Stening, Kent
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berg, Göran
    IKE, Linköping.
    Hammar, Mats
    IKE, Linköping.
    Eriksson, Olle
    IDA, Linköping.
    Amandusson, Åsa
    Klinisk neurofysiologi, Uppsala Universitet.
    Blomqvist, Anders
    IKE, Linköping.
    Influence of high and low estrogen levels on pain thresholdsand pain tolerance: Studies on women undergoing in vitro fertilization2011In: European journal of pain, supplements, Elsevier, 2011, p. 23-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Stening, Kent
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berg, Göran
    IKE, Linköpings universitet.
    Hammar, Mats
    IKE, Linköpings universitet.
    Voster, Helene
    IKE, Linköpings universitet.
    Eriksson, Olle
    IDA, Linköpngs universitet.
    Amandusson, Asa
    Avd. för Neurovetenskap, Uppsala universitet.
    Blomqvist, Anders
    IKE, Linköpings universitet.
    Influence of estrogen levels on thermal perception, pain thresholds, and pain tolerance: studies on women undergoing in vitro fertilization.2012In: Journal of Pain, ISSN 1526-5900, E-ISSN 1528-8447, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 459-466Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We examined the relationship between estrogen and pain in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). Quantitative sensory tests (QST) were performed twice during the IVF-regimen: once during hormonal down-regulation and once during hormonal up-regulation. A group of healthy men and a group of women using monophasic contraceptives were also examined, to control for session-to-session effects. Among the women undergoing IVF, serum 17β-estradiol levels differed strongly between treatments as expected, and increased from 65.7 (SD = 26) pmol/L during the down-regulation phase, to 5,188 (SD = 2,524) pmol/L during the up-regulation phase. Significant outcomes in the QST were only seen for temperature perception thresholds (1.7 °C versus 2.2 °C; P = .003) and cold pain threshold (11.5 °C versus 14.5 °C; P = .04). A similar change in cold pain threshold was also seen in the 2 control groups, however, and statistical analysis suggested that this change was due to a session-to-session effect rather than being the result of hormonal modulation. Heat pain thresholds, heat tolerance, pressure pain thresholds, and the cold pressor test showed no significant differences between sessions. These data demonstrate that pain perception and pain thresholds in healthy women show little, if any, changes even with major variations in serum estradiol levels. PERSPECTIVE: This study shows that pain perception and tolerance in women undergoing in vitro fertilization do not vary, despite the dramatic changes in 17β-estradiol levels induced by the treatment regimen. The result thus suggests that in humans, contrary to experimental animals, changes in estrogen levels have little influence on pain sensitivity.

  • 9.
    Stening, Kent
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Berg, Göran
    Hammar, Mats
    Wahren, LisKarin
    Eriksson, Olle
    Blomqvist, Anders
    TOLERANCE FOR COLD PAIN ACROSS THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE IN RELATION TO SERUM HORMONE LEVELS2006In: EFIC, Istanbul, Turkiet, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Stening, Kent
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Eriksson, Olle
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Henriksson, KG
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Brynhildsen, Jan
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Lindh-Åstrand, Lotta
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Berg, Göran
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Hammar, Mats
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Amandusson, Åsa
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Blomqvist, Anders
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Hormonal replacement therapy does not affect self-estimated pain or experimental pain responses in post-menopausal women suffering from fibromyalgia: a double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial2011In: Rheumatology, ISSN 1462-0324, E-ISSN 1462-0332, Vol. 50, no 3, p. 544-551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. FM is a condition that preferentially affects women. Sex hormones, and in particular oestrogens, have been shown to affect pain processing and pain sensitivity, and oestrogen deficit has been considered a potentially promoting factor for FM. However, the effects of oestrogen treatment in patients suffering from FM have not been studied. Here, we examined the effect of transdermal oestrogen substitution treatment on experimental as well as self-estimated pain in women suffering from FM.

    Methods. Twenty-nine post-menopausal women were randomized to either 8 weeks of treatment with transdermal 17β-oestradiol (50 µg/day) or placebo according to a double-blind protocol. A self-estimation of pain, a set of quantitative sensory tests measuring thresholds to temperature, thermal pain, cold pain and pressure pain, and a cold pressor test were performed on three occasions: before treatment, after 8 weeks of treatment and 20 weeks after cessation of treatment.

    Results. Hormonal replacement treatment significantly increased serum oestradiol levels as expected (P < 0.01). However, no differences in self-estimated pain were seen between treatment and placebo groups, nor were there any differences between the two groups regarding the results of the quantitative sensory tests or the cold pressor test at any of the examined time points.

    Conclusion. Eight weeks of transdermal oestradiol treatment does not influence perceived pain, pain thresholds or pain tolerance as compared with placebo treatment in post-menopausal women suffering from FM.

  • 11.
    Stening, Kent
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Eriksson, Olle
    Wahren, LisKarin
    Berg, Göran
    Hammar, Mats
    Blomqvist, Anders
    Pain sensations to the cold pressor test in normally menstruating women: comparison with men and relation to menstrual phase and serum sex steroid levels2007In: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, ISSN 0363-6119, E-ISSN 1522-1490, Vol. 293, no 5, p. 1711-1716Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Stening, Kent
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, School of Human Sciences.
    Henriksson, KG
    Berg, Göran
    Brynhildsen, Jan
    Hammar, Mats
    Blomqvist, Anders
    Hormonal substitution treatment in postmenopausal women suffering from fibromyalgia -Lack of effect on pain thresholds and pain tolerance2008In: Abstract, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Stening, Kent
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Olsson, Jan
    Linnaeus University, Police officer programme.
    Forensisk omvårdnad - ökad rättssäkerhet: Debattartikel , Västerbottens-kuriren 1207252012Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Stening, Kent
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rahmqvist Linnarsson, Josefin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Att möta hot och våld: forensisk omvårdnad2016In: Prehospital akutsjukvård / [ed] Björn-Ove Suserud & Lars Lundberg, Liber, 2016, 2, p. 101-110Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Svensson, Anders
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Almerud Österberg, Sofia
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Stening, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Firefighters as First Incident Persons: breaking the chain of events and becoming a new link in the chain of survival2018In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Säll-Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Stening, Kent
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Meanings of chronic pain in patient interactions with health services2016In: Meanings of pain / [ed] Simon van Rysewyk, Springer, 2016, 1, , p. 295-307p. 295-307Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic pain causes suffering for patients and managing chronic pain is one of the most common assignments in the health service. Health care professionals can profoundly influence the meaning patients and their families attribute to pain experience. Patients with chronic pain may feel discredited and called into question by skeptical medical professionals. Patients may have to fight to receive entitled care and to suggest suitable treatments. To contribute to medical decision-making and improved patient outcomes, health care professionals should integrate phenomenological narratives and stories about pain into health care in parallel with consulting the medical evidence. Professional care structures should not make health care professionals feel torn between meeting patient needs for existential support and the demand of meeting high clinical work-loads. Narratives and stories can provide shared structures that allow patients and medical professionals to make decisions that feel meaningful, accurate, and clear. Many patients use psychological strategies in their everyday lives in order to live meaningfully with persistent pain; but, this is not enough. Healthcare professionals need “dare to open up and accept personal and deep conversations with patients” about their pain experiences and the lived consequences of persistent pain.

1 - 16 of 16
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