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  • 1.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Let me see, reflect and try again: a hermeneutical study on the process of movement learning facilitated by a video-supported interactive learning model (VILMA)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Is that really my movement?: Students’ experiences of a video-supported interactive learning model for movement awareness2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 28474Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health care staff and students have a great risk of developing musculoskeletal symptoms. One cause of this is heavy load-related work activities such as manual handling, in which the quality of individual work technique may play a major role. Preventive interventions and well-defined educational strategies to support movement awareness and long-lasting movement changes need to be developed. The aim of the present study was to explore nursing students’ experiences of a newly developed interactive learning model for movement awareness. The learning model, which is based on a life-world perspective with focus on inter-personal interaction, has been used with eleven undergraduate students from the second and final year. Each student participated in three individual video-sessions with a facilitator. Two individual interviews were carried out with each student during the learning process and one interview 12-18 months after the last session. The interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim and a phenomenological hermeneutic method inspired by Paul Ricoeur and described by Lindseth & Norberg was used to interpret the interviews and diary notes. The interpretation resulted in three key themes and nine sub-themes. The key themes were; Obtaining better preconditions for bodily awareness, Experiencing changes in one’s own movement and Experiencing challenges in the learning process. The interactive learning model entails a powerful and challenging experience that develops movement awareness. The experience of meaningfulness and usefulness emerges increasingly and alternates with a feeling of discomfort. The learning model may contribute to the body of knowledge of well-defined educational strategies in movement awareness and learning in for example preventive interventions and ergonomic education. It may also be valuable in other practical learning situations where movement awareness is required.

  • 3.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Impact of musculoskeletal symptoms on general physical activity during nursing education.2014In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 385-390Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing education should prepare students for a lifelong professional career including managing clinical physical demands. Musculoskeletal symptoms, such as bodily pain, have been reported among nurses and nursing students but less is known about the impact of symptoms in daily activities. The aim was to explore the prevalence of self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms and their impact on general physical activity among nursing students. This cross-sectional study was based on a questionnaire to all undergraduate nursing students at one university. The prevalence of symptoms and physical impact during past 3 and 12 months was calculated for each study year. Odds ratio was analysed with logistic regression. Of 348 students 224 responded, 84% women, mean age 24.6 years (range 20-46). Of those 143 (64%) reporting symptoms during the past 12 months, 91 (64%) reported impact on physical activities. Most commonly reported were everyday activities such as transportations and prolonged sitting. The odds ratio for reporting symptoms was 1.8 for year 2 (95% CI: 0.9-3.5), and 4.7 for year 3 (95% CI: 2.1-10.7). The prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was high among nursing students and higher the final study year and not only resulted in discomfort but had an impact on the students' general physical activities.

  • 4.
    Backåberg, Sofia
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Gummesson, Christina
    Lund University.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Video-based feedback combined with reflective enquiry: An interactive model for movement awareness among nursing students2015In: Nordic Journal of Digital Literacy, ISSN 1891-943X, E-ISSN 1891-943X, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 246-264Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe an interactive model developed for movement awareness in a practical learning situation and to explore the use of video-based digital feedback and reflective enquiry in this model among nursing students. Sixteen students participated in individual interactive video sessions with a facilitator, who encouraged the students to reflect upon their own movements. Qualitative analysis showed that movement patterns were visualized, and that movement awareness and self-analysis were gradually developed. Encountering one’s own movement and reflecting on one’s own experiences appear to support motivation for movement changes.

  • 5.
    Brolin, Rosita
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    "Jag kan öppna fönstret när jag vill": Boendesituationen för personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning - ur de boendes perspektiv2017Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 6.
    Brolin, Rosita
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Syrén, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sandgren, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Mastering everyday life in ordinary housing for people with psychiatric disabilities2016In: The Grounded Theory Review, ISSN 1556-1542, E-ISSN 1556-1550, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 10-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to develop a classic grounded theory about people who have psychiatric disabilities and live in ordinary housing with housing support. Interviews and observations during the interviews were analyzed, and secondary analyses of data from previous studies were performed. The impossible mission in everyday life emerged as the main concern and mastering everyday life as the pattern of behavior through which they deal with this concern. Mastering everyday life can be seen as a process, which involves identifying, organizing, tackling, challenging and boosting. Before the process is started, avoiding is used to deal with the main concern. The community support worker, providing housing support, constitutes an important facilitator during the process, and the continuity of housing support is a prerequisite for the process to succeed. If the process mastering everyday life is interrupted by, for example, changes in housing support, the strategy of avoiding is used.

  • 7.
    Brolin, Rosita
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Syrén, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sandgren, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Striving for meaning: Life in supported housing for people with psychiatric disabilities2016In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 31249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to develop a grounded theory about people with psychiatric disabilities, living in supported housing. Interviews as well as observations during the interviews were analyzed together with secondary analyses of quantitative and qualitative material from previous studies. Being deprived of self-determination emerged as the main concern for residents in supported housing and striving for meaning emerged as the pattern of behavior through which this group resolves their main concern. Striving for meaning involves living in the present, striving for self-determination, strengthening self-esteem, emotional processing and resting from the present. The strategies facilitate each other and are used singly, together simultaneously, or alternately. If they are successful, a meaning in the present is perceived. If all the strategies fail repeatedly, escaping from the present is used in order to deal with being deprived of self-determination. The implications of the findings suggest prioritizing a reduction of the institutional nature of the social and physical environment, and to support the residents' self-determination.

  • 8.
    Brolin, Rosita
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Syrén, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Baigi, Amir
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Satisfaction with housing and housing support for people with psychiatric disabilities2015In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 21-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of satisfaction with housing and housing support for people with psychiatric disabilities in Sweden. A total of 370 residents, in supported housing and in ordinary housing with housing support, completed a new questionnaire and reported a high degree of overall satisfaction, but many of them wanted to move somewhere else. Differences were found between the two different types of housing concerning satisfaction with housing support, social life and available choices. Security and privacy, as well as other's influence on the choice of residential area and dwelling proved to be important predictors for satisfaction.

  • 9.
    Brolin, Rosita
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Syrén, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Validity and reliability of a Swedish questionnaire for assessing satisfaction with housing and housing support for persons with psychiatric disabilities2013In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 10, p. 731-738Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the reliability and validity of a questionnaire for studying satisfaction with housing and housing support for people with psychiatric disabilities. Most items were gathered from English language questionnaires. These were translated and adapted to a Swedish context and items concerning housing support were added. Two studies were conducted. The first, a test-retest reliability analysis, was performed in a pilot study with 53 participants; in the second study, which had 370 participants, a five factor solution with good internal consistency emerged. Further development of the questionnaire is discussed.

  • 10.
    Brolin, Rosita
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Syrén, Susanne
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sandgren, Anna
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Residents' perceptions of the most positive and negative aspects of the housing situation for people with psychiatric disabilities2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 603-611Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The major aim of the present study was to explore what people with psychiatric disabilities, living in two different types of housing, consider to be the best and the worst in their housing situation. A secondary aim was to explore to what extent additional questions to a questionnaire with a free-response format can provide complementary information to the previous knowledge in the field. The content analysis revealed that the physical attributes were of great significance for the residents in ordinary housing, while both psychosocial aspects and physical attributes were important for those living in supported housing. When providing good housing solutions for people with psychiatric disabilities, attention needs to be given to these aspects by politicians, policymakers as well as by nursing staff.

  • 11.
    Brunt, David
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Bengtsson-Tops, Anita
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Rask, Mikael
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    The structure of Antonovsky's sense of coherence in patients with schizophrenia and its relationship to psychopathology2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 19, no 3, p. 280-287Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the study was to investigate whether the three hypothesized subscales of Antonovsky's sense of coherence (SOC) scale: comprehensibility, meaningfulness and manageability, can be found when measuring SOC in a sample of patients with schizophrenia living in the community. A further aim was to study the relationship between SOC and psychopathology. The concept of SOC has been proposed to explain successful coping with life stressors. A total of 120 patients completed the SOC scale and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) was used to assess the psychopathology of the patients. The SOC scale was analysed by means of a factor analysis with a varimax rotation and the Spearman rank correlation test was used to test for associations between subscales, factors and psychiatric symptoms. A four-factor model presented the best solution and explained 48% of the total variation in SOC. The first factor, which included 12-items of the SOC scale, turned out to be the most salient factor explaining 29% of the total variation. All factors displayed some overlapping between items. Affective symptoms were negatively related to all the three subscales and the four factors of SOC, while positive symptoms were similarly related to two of the subscales and two of the factors while negative symptoms were not associated with any of the factors or subscales. The findings in this study corroborate those in studies with other patient groups and indicate that the theoretical framework of SOC should not be adopted uncritically. Furthermore, the use of the three subscales in the SOC scale in studies of patients with a severe mental illness is questioned and a further investigation of the relationship between SOC and psychopathology is proposed.

  • 12.
    Brunt, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    A suggested revision of the Community Oriented Program Environmental Scale (COPES) for measuring the psychosocial environment of supported housing facilities for persons with psychiatric disabilities.2012In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 24-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to address issues of construct validity and reliability of a revised short version of the COPES instrument to measure the psychosocial environment of supported housing facilities for persons with psychiatric disabilities. The results revealed that the division into subscales is not sufficiently reliable for use in measuring the psychosocial environment, although the three higher order dimensions can possibly be used for the descriptive and comparative purposes. A factor analysis based on the revised short version generated new factor solutions, differing from the COPES subscales, but with sufficient psychometric properties.

  • 13.
    Brunt, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Patient and staff perceptions of the ward atmosphere in a Swedish maximum-security forensic psychiatric hospital2005In: Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, ISSN 1478-9949, E-ISSN 1478-9957, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 263-276Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the study was to describe and compare the patient and staff perceptions of the ward atmosphere of a maximum-security forensic psychiatric hospital in southern Sweden. The main instrument used, the Ward Atmosphere Scale (WAS), was administered to both patients and staff on the eight wards of the hospital, where there was a total of 82 beds. The hospital has a regional responsibility for maximum-security forensic psychiatric care in southern Sweden. Forty-eight per cent of the patients and 82% of the staff consented to participate in the study. The results of the study showed that the patients rated intermediate levels of all the 10 subscales of WAS with the lowest mean scores for Autonomy and Involvement and the highest mean scores for Programme Clarity and Order and Organization. The staff, however, rated a low level of Staff Control and high levels of Programme Clarity, Practical Orientation and Support. The staff and patient perceptions differed on eight of the 10 WAS subscales with only Personal Problem Orientation and Anger and Aggression being rated at similar levels. The results are considered in the light of the limited available literature in the field. Furthermore, the differences between the perceptions of the two groups as well as the clinical implications of these differences are discussed.

  • 14.
    Brunt, David
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Validation of the Verbal and Social Interaction questionnaire: carers' focus in the carer–resident relationship in supported housing facilities for persons with psychiatric disabilities (VSI-SH)2013In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 20, no 3, p. 279-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A questionnaire to measure the verbal and social interactions between carers and residents in supported housing facilities for persons with psychiatric disabilities has been developed. It is an adaptation of a questionnaire originally used in a forensic psychiatric setting. The aim of the present study was thus to investigate the construct validity and the reliability of this new version of the Verbal and Social Interactions questionnaire for use in supported housing facilities (VSI-SH). Two hundred and twenty-three carers from municipal and privately run housing facilities completed the questionnaire. A factor analysis was performed, which resulted in six factors. The number of items was reduced from the original 47 to 30 in order to minimize factorial complexity and multiple loadings. The reliability was tested with Cronbach's alpha and good internal consistency for the questionnaire and five of the six factors was found. The resulting six factors and the items were compared to the conceptual model and four of the six factors corresponded well with the categories in this original theoretical model. The questionnaire can be a useful contribution to the study of interactions between carers and residents in supported housing facilities for persons with psychiatric disabilities.

  • 15.
    Brunt, David
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Rask, Mikael
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Ward Atmosphere – the Scarlet Pimpernel of psychiatric settings?2007In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 639-656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients and staff in a forensic psychiatric setting were requested to name three distinguishing characteristics of the ward atmosphere. The manifest content analysis of the responses revealed the following categories: interpersonal relations and pre-conditions for interpersonal relations, organization, staff, treatment, daily activities, physical environment and feeling good and secure. The patients appeared to have a peripheral role as contributors to the ward atmosphere in the views of the respondents. The easily administered single question format provided valuable information about that intangible element of psychiatric settings – the ward atmosphere.

  • 16.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Berglund, Henrik
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Stöd under och efter akut omhändertagande2014In: Akut omhändertagande av trauma: på skadeplats och akutmottagning / [ed] Carina Elmqvist & Sofia Almerud Österberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 1, p. 179-198Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Ge, Li
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China.
    Albin, Björn
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hadziabdic, Emina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hjelm, Katarina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Beliefs about health and illness and health-realted behavior among urban women with gestational diabetes mellitus in the south east of China2016In: Journal of Transcultural Nursing, ISSN 1043-6596, E-ISSN 1552-7832, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 593-602Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The incidence of gestational diabetes among Chinese women is 4.3%. No study has previously been conducted about beliefs and health-related behavior among urban Chinese women with this disease. This article aims to explore beliefs about health and illness and health-related behavior among women in this group in a Chinese sociocultural context.

    Design: A qualitative exploratory study was conducted and semistructured individual interviews (n = 15) were processed by content analysis.

    Results: Beliefs about health and illness among these women were foremost attributed to the individual, social, and natural worlds. They feared the negative influence of gestational diabetes, but some of them believed in “letting nature take its course” and “living in the present.” Their care-seeking behavior varied between the professional, popular, and folk sectors. They sought a balance between following professionals’ advice and avoiding practical difficulties.

    Conclusion: The beliefs and health-related behavior among them were influenced by Chinese culture, which can sometimes but not always reduce the effect of the disease.

  • 18.
    Ge, Li
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Nursing College of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China.
    Wikby, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    ‘Is gestational diabetes a severe illness?’: exploring beliefs and self‐care behaviour among women with gestational diabetes living in a rural area of the south east of China2016In: The Australian journal of rural health, ISSN 1038-5282, E-ISSN 1440-1584, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 378-384Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: This study explores beliefs about illnessand health and self-care behaviour among womenwith gestational diabetes living in a rural area of thesouth east of China.Design: A qualitative exploratory study using semistructuredinterviews and qualitative content analysis.

    Setting: A hospital located in the outskirts of a city inthe south east of China.Participants: Seventeen women with gestational diabetesin 34–38th pregnant weeks.

    Results: The beliefs about gestational diabetes amongthe women in the present study were found to be bidirectional.Some of them feared the illness and its negativeinfluence on health, while others believed that itwas not a severe illness and disbelieved the diagnosisof gestational diabetes. They related their illness andhealth to the individual, social and natural factors.They mainly sought help from the professional sector,but did not fully comply with the professionals’advice. Diet control and exercise were their main selfcaremeasures, but none of them self-monitored theirblood glucose. They demonstrated their misunderstandingabout diet control and self-monitoring ofblood glucose.

    Conclusions: This study highlighted the serious lackof knowledge, lower level of risk awareness and poorself-care behaviour among women in this group.Health professionals were found to be the most importantsource of knowledge about gestational diabetesfor these women. The influence of Chinese culture was demonstrated. Gestational diabetes among thesewomen can most likely be improved by training thehealth professionals and by health education involvingindividuals, families and the rural communities.

  • 19.
    Ge, Li
    et al.
    Fujian Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Peoples R China.
    Wikby, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Fujian Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Peoples R China.
    Lived experience of women with gestational diabetes mellitus living in China: a qualitative interview study2017In: BMJ Open, ISSN 2044-6055, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 7, no 11, article id e017648Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To explore the lived experience of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) living in China in order to add knowledge about how the Chinese women suffer from GDM. Design A qualitative interpretive interview study. Data were collected with a snowball sampling technique. Phenomenological hermeneutics was used as the analysis method based on Ricoeur's phenomenological hermeneutical interpretation theory. Setting The study was performed at the participants' work places, or at the obstetric clinics or wards at two provincial hospitals and one municipal hospital in the southeast of China. Participants Inclusion criteria were age >= 18 years, diagnosis of GDM without other pregnancy complications, in 34th gestational weeks-postpartum 4th weeks and speaking Mandarin Chinese without speech impediment. 62 women, who met the inclusion criteria, took part in the study. Results The lived experience of the women with GDM living in China was formulated into a main theme: 'longing for caring care'. The main theme was derived from four themes: being stricken by GDM, wishing to receive caring GDM care, being left alone to struggle with GDM and trying to adjust and adapt to life with GDM. Conclusion The eagerness for caring care in China was highlighted. The lack of caring care could be one of the possible reasons why the professional-patient relations were deteriorating in China. It could be useful for health providers and health policymakers to receive education and training about caring care. Using the health metaphor of balance and 'patient participation' and 'patient-centred' approaches may benefit women with GDM and thus improve the quality of care in China.

  • 20.
    Ge, Li
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Nursing College of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China.
    Wikby, Kerstin
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Quality of care from the perspective of women with gestational diabetes in China2016In: International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, ISSN 0020-7292, E-ISSN 1879-3479, Vol. 134, no 2, p. 151-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore the quality of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) care experienced by women in China and how it could be improved.

    Methods: A qualitative study was conducted at a municipal hospital in south east China. Women who had been diagnosed with GDMat 34–38 weeks of pregnancy were enrolled during two periods;between May 1 and July 31, 2012, and between April 1 and July 31, 2013. Data regarding patient-perceived care quality were collected through semi-structured individual interviews and were analyzed by qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The study enrolled 44 patients; the interviews recorded a lack of professional care resources for GDM, a lack of high-quality personalized care for women with GDM, and patients’ suggestions regarding how to improve GDM care.

    Conclusion: The participants reported a lack of high-quality GDM care, describing the core problem as an imbalance between over-stretched hospitals and low-efficiency under-utilized primary healthcare centers. Clinical-practice reforms identified, particularly in primary healthcare settings, included improving services through increasing the number of health professionals and material resources to comply with diabetes guidelines, and incorporating a humanistic approach in the provision of care

  • 21.
    Ge, Li
    et al.
    Fujian Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Peoples R China.
    Zheng, Qing-Xiang
    Fujian Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Peoples R China.
    Liao, Yan-Tan
    Fujian Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Peoples R China.
    Tan, Jing-Yu
    Fujian Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Peoples R China.
    Xie, Qiu-Lin
    Fujian Univ Tradit Chinese Med, Peoples R China.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Effects of traditional Chinese exercises on the rehabilitation of limb function among stroke patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis2017In: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, ISSN 1744-3881, E-ISSN 1873-6947, Vol. 29, p. 35-47Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To systematically review literature about the rehabilitative effects of traditional Chinese exercises (TCEs) on limb function among patients with stroke. Methods: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Twelve electronic databases were searched from their inceptions to February 2017, including PudMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EMBase, Science Direct, PsycINFO, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database and WanFang Data. RCTs were located to examine the rehabilitative effects of TCEs on limb function among stroke patients. Two authors independently screened the literature, extracted data and assessed the risk bias of the included studies. Methodological quality evaluation and meta-analysis of included studies was performed by using Cochrane Collaboration's tool (RevMan 5.3). Results: A total of 31 RCTs with 2349 participants were included. Results of meta-analysis showed that TCEs produced positive effects on limb motor function (random effects model, standardized mean difference [SMD] = 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.66 to 1.77, P < 0.01), balance function{Berg balance scale: (random effects model, SMD = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.52 to 2.62, P < 0.01), timed-up-and-go test: (fixed effects model, mean difference [MD] = - 1.77, 95% CI = -2.87 to -0.67, P < 0.01)}, activities of daily living (ADL) ability {Barthel Index scale: (random effects model, MD = 15.60, 95% CI = 7.57 to 23.63, P < 0.01), Modified Barthel Index scale: (random effects model, MD = 12.30, 95% CI = 7.48 to 17.12, P < 0.01)}, and neurological impairment (fixed effects model, MD = -2.57, 95% CI = -3.14 to -2.00, P < 0.01). After subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis, the positive effects did not be affected by different types of TCEs and different lengths of intervention time. However, TCEs were no benefit to physical function on Short Physical Performance Battery and 2-min Step Test among stroke patients. Conclusion: Current evidence showed that TCEs produced positive effects on limb motor function, balance function, ADL ability and neurological impairment among stroke patients. More large-scale, highquality, multiple center RCTs are required to further verify above conclusions in the future. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 22.
    Gustafsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Elmqvist, Carina
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    From Attebring, Mona
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Johansson, Ingrid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    The nurse anesthetists´adherence to Swedish national recommendations to maintain normothermia in patients during surgery2017In: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing, ISSN 1089-9472, E-ISSN 1532-8473, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 409-418Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The aim of this study was to determine if nurse anesthetists (NAs) have access, knowledge, and adhere to recommended guidelines to maintain normal body temperature during the perioperative period.

    Design

    A descriptive survey design.

    Methods

    Questionnaires were sent to heads of the department (n = 56) and NAs in the operating departments in Sweden.

    Finding

    The level of access to the recommendations is high, but only one third of the operating departments have included the recommendations in their own local guidelines. The NAs' adherence was low, between 5% and 67%, and their knowledge levels were 57% to 60%.

    Conclusions

    A high level of knowledge, access, and adherence are important for the organization of operating departments to prevent barriers against implementation of new recommendations or guidelines. There are needs for education about patients' heat loss due to redistribution and clear recommendations.

  • 23.
    Jormfeldt, H
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Bengtsson, A
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Svedberg, P
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Staff's Experiences of a Person-Centered Health Education Group Intervention for People with a Persistent Mental Illness2013In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 34, no 7, p. 488-496Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Patient education in mental health care is a conventional intervention to increase patients' knowledge about their illness and treatment. A provider-centered focus in patient education may put patients in a passive role, which can counteract their processes of recovery. There is an increasing emphasis on recovery-oriented practice, an approach that is aligned with the service user perspective, but little is known about healthcare staffs’ perspective on person-centered mental health care. A qualitative approach was used to describe staffs’ experiences of being group leaders in a person-centered health education intervention in municipal services for persons with a persistent mental illness. The analysis of staff experiences revealed three core categories: implications of division of responsibility between local authorities, awareness of facilitating factors of growth and the meaning of dialogue, forming the theme “Preconditions for person-centered care”. Further research is required to explore larger economic, political and social structures as a backdrop to person-centered mental health care, from the perspective of service users, families, health professionals and society at large.

  • 24. Jormfeldt, H
    et al.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Bengtsson, Agneta
    Svedberg, Petra
    Experiences of a person-centred health education group intervention: A qualitative study among people with a persistent mental illness2012In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 209-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus of psychoeducative interventions for people with persistent mental illnesses have been on the reduction of noncompliance by providing information about symptoms of disease and its treatment. Social support and supporting group contexts have been described as essential for transforming personal strategies into action and the achievement of personal goals. A qualitative descriptive approach was used in order to explore experiences of a person-centered health education group intervention among persons with a persistent mental illness. The sample consisted of 13 persons with a persistent mental illness who had participated in the group intervention between the autumn 2008 and the autumn 2009. Participants expressed experiences of health processes in terms of stimulating content, development towards personal growth and group context with equality, when participating in the intervention. The findings of the actual study support further investigation on the topic of health promotion approaches emphasizing individual preferences throughout the process of psychoeducation. Further research regarding individual preferences and participation in decision-making processes related to issues of compliance among persons with a persistent mental illness are suggested.

  • 25. Kristofferzon, Marja-Leena
    et al.
    Johansson, Ingela
    Brännström, Margareta
    Arnhall, Eva
    Baigi, Amir
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Persson, Sylvi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wieslander, Inger
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    SAMMI-study group,
    Evaluation of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) in persons with heart disease: A pilot study2010In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 168-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: 

    As part of preparation for a Swedish multicentre study, exploring sexual and married life in patients with myocardial infarction and their partners, a Swedish validated instrument was required. 

    Aims:

    The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of a Swedish version of the Watts Sexual Function Questionnaire (WSFQ) among persons with a heart disease.

    Methods:

    A convenience sample of 79 persons (47 men and 32 women) living with a heart disease was recruited from the members of the National Association of Heart and Lung Patients. They completed a Swedish version of the WSFQ on two occasions.

     Results:

    Two separate factor analyses each revealed a two-factor structure on both occasions: “Sexual appetite” and “Sexual expectations ”with gender-neutral questions and “Sexual sensitiveness” and “Sexual ability” with gender-specific questions. Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranged from 0.48 to 0.86 and test – retest values for all but one question exceeded 0.70.

    Conclusions:

    The Swedish version of the WSFQ showed good validity and stability and acceptable internal homogeneity. Extended evaluations of the questionnaire are recommended.

      

     

  • 26.
    Lanthén, Klas
    et al.
    Skåne University Hospital, Sweden.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Sunnqvist, Charlotta
    Malmö University.
    Psychiatric Patients Experiences with Mechanical Restraints: An Interview Study2015In: Psychiatry Journal, ISSN 2314-4327, E-ISSN 2314-4335, Vol. 2015, article id 748392Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To examine psychiatric patients' experience of mechanical restraints and to describe the care the patients received.

    Background. All around the world, threats and violence perpetrated by patients in psychiatric emergency inpatient units are quite common and are a prevalent factor concerning the application of mechanical restraints, although psychiatric patients' experiences of mechanical restraints are still moderately unknown.

    Method. A qualitative design with an inductive approach were used, based on interviews with patients who once been in restraints.

    Results. This study resulted in an overbridging theme: Physical Presence, Instruction and Composed Behaviour Can Reduce Discontent and Trauma, including five categories. These findings implicated the following: information must be given in a calm and sensitive way, staff must be physically present during the whole procedure, and debriefing after the incident must be conducted.

    Conclusions. When mechanical restraints were unavoidable, the presence of committed staff during mechanical restraint was important, demonstrating the significance of training acute psychiatric nurses correctly so that their presence is meaningful. Nurses in acute psychiatric settings should be required to be genuinely committed, aware of their actions, and fully present in coercive situations where patients are vulnerable.

  • 27.
    Lundqvist, L. O.
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University.
    Quality in community-based day center services for people with psychiatric disabilities from the attendees' perspective2017In: European psychiatry, ISSN 0924-9338, E-ISSN 1778-3585, Vol. 41, p. S790-S790Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Ivarsson, Ann-Britt
    Örebro University.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University.
    Quality of community-based day centre services for people with psychiatric disabilities: psychometric properties of the Quality in Psychiatric Care - Daily Activities (QPC-DA)2016In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 91-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/aims The aim of the present study was to test the psychometric properties and dimensionality of the instrument Quality in Psychiatric Care - Daily Activities (QPC-DA) and to briefly describe the day centre attendees' perception of the quality at community-based day centre services. Methods A sample of 218 attendees from 14 community-based day centre services in seven municipalities in Sweden participated in the study. Results Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the QPC-DA consists of six dimensions and has a factor structure that to a large extent corresponds to that found in other studies of quality in psychiatric care settings, such as inpatient, outpatient, forensic inpatient, and housing support for people with psychiatric disabilities. The internal consistency of the factors was satisfactory and thus the QPC-DA showed adequate psychometric properties. The attendees' ratings of quality of community-based day centre services were generally high. The highest rating was for the encounter dimension and the lowest for the participation and the secluded environment dimensions, indicating areas for improvement. Conclusion/significance The QPC-DA includes important aspects of the attendees' assessment of quality of community-based day centre services and offers a simple and inexpensive way to evaluate quality from their perspective.

  • 29.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Ivarsson, Ann-Britt
    Örebro University.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University ; Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    The attendees' view of quality in community-based day centre services for people with psychiatric disabilities.2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 162-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND/AIMS: Community-based day centres in Sweden are well-established arenas for psychiatric rehabilitation, but little is known of the attendees' perception of the quality of the service provided. The aim of the study was thus to describe and investigate the quality of the services in community-based day centre for people with psychiatric disabilities.

    METHODS: A sample of 218 attendees in 14 community-based day centre services in Sweden completed the Quality in Psychiatric Care - Daily Activities (QPC-DA).

    RESULTS: The results showed that people with psychiatric disabilities perceived the quality of community-based day centre services as high. Most notably, quality of service was rated higher by those with lower educational level, had waited shorter time to attend the centre, and had better mental and physical health. However, particularly aspects of a secluded environment and participation (information) may be areas with potential for improvement.

    CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: From an occupational science perspective, the results adhere to the importance of occupational balance, with periods of rest/privacy during the time at the centre.

  • 30.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ivarsson, Ann-Britt
    Örebro University.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University.
    Measuring quality in community based housing support: the QPC-H instrument2016In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 29, no 3, p. 267-275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test the psychometric properties and dimensionality of the instrument Quality in Psychiatric Care-Housing (QPC-H) and briefly describe the residents’ perception of quality of housing support. Design/methodology/approach – A sample of 174 residents from 22 housing support services in nine Swedish municipalities participated in the study. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed that the QPC-H consisted of six dimensions and had a factor structure largely corresponding to that found among other instruments in the Quality in Psychiatric Care (QPC) family of instruments. Findings – CFA revealed that the QPC-H consisted of six dimensions and had a factor structure largely corresponding to that found among other instruments in the QPC family of instruments. The internal consistency of the factors was acceptable except in the case of secure and secluded environment, probably due to few numbers of items. With this exception, the QPC-H shows adequate psychometric properties. Social implications – The residents’ ratings of quality of housing service were generally high; the highest rating was for secluded environment and the lowest for participation. This dimension would thus seem to indicate an important area for improvement. Originality/value – The QPC-H includes important aspects of residents’ assessment of quality of housing service and offers a simple and inexpensive way to evaluate housing support services from the residents’ perspective. © 2016, © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  • 31.
    Rask, Mikael
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Upplevelser av boendestödspersonalens stödjande arbete: En intervjustudie med personer med psykiska funktionshinder2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie har varit att belysa hur boende i kommunala bostäder med särskilt stöd, för personer med psykiska funktionshinder upplever de stödinsatser de erhåller från boendestödspersonal.

    Målgruppen var personer med psykiska funktionshinder som har sitt boende ordnat i ett ordnat boende med boendestöd och bostad med särskilt stöd genom kommunal försorg, antingen enligt SoL eller enligt LSS.

    Vid analysen av intervjuerna så framträder olika genomgående teman som belyser vad de boende upplever som stöd. Ett genomgående tema i analysen är känslan hos de boende av gemenskap med boendestödjarna och denna går som en röd tråd igenom det mesta av vad de boende talar om. Förutom gemenskapen så framträder olika teman som på olika sätt kan belysa det som påverkar det stöd som de boende upplever där ett av temana tycks företrädesvis beröra egenskaper hos boendestödspersonalen. Detta tema kan i sin tur delas upp i två subteman. Det ena subtemat belyser att boendestödjarna strävar efter ömsesidighet och respekt medan det andra subtemat belyser hur de försöker möta den boendes svårigheter. Vidare så framträder ett tema, i resultatet som helhet, och detta är de boendes upplevelser av på vilket sätt som stödpersonalens arbete/bemötande hjälper dem. Detta tema berörde flera av de boende spontant vid flera tillfällen under intervjuerna och inte bara i samband med att de fick den direkta frågan. Detta tema kan delas upp i två subteman där det ena belyser hur boendestödjarna kan skapa ordning då den boende mår dåligt, medan det andra subtemat belyser hur boendestödjarna tycks kunna bidra till att den boendes mer långsiktiga förmåga att hantera sitt liv kan öka. Ett annat tema förefaller beröra stöd med olika praktiska saker. Ytterligare ett tema som går att återfinna är mer inriktad på att känslan av struktur ger trygghet. Avslutningsvis belyses även vad de boende saknar eller tycker att de har extra behov av.

    Rapporten är nr 5 (av 24st) i Boendeprojektet som är ett riktat projekt inom ramen för kansliet för Nationell psykiatrisamordning. Projektmedel beviljades av Socialstyrelsen år 2005 för ett uppdrag inom satsningen på psykiatri och socialt stöd och omsorg för personer med psykisk sjukdom och/eller psykiska funktionshinder. Projektet har letts av David Brunt, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete, Växjö universitet.

  • 32.
    Rask, Mikael
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Vårdande/stödjande handlingar inom kommunala boenden för personer med psykiska funktionshinder: En studie av boendes och personals perspektiv i fem kommuner2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har avsett att kartlägga hur vanligt det är att olika vårdande/stödjande handlingar förekommer i kommunala stödboenden för personer med psykiska funktionshinder samt hur viktiga dessa handlingar anses vara utifrån boendes och personals perspektiv.

    Målgruppen var personer med psykiska funktionshinder som har sitt boende ordnat i ett särskilt boende genom kommunal försorg, antingen enligt SoL eller enligt LSS, samt den boendestödspersonal som arbetar inom dessa stödboenden.

    De sex olika kategorierna av vårdande/stödjande handlingar förekommer i olika grad, enligt de boendes svar. De två kategorierna av handlingar som är mest vanligt förekommande är Att skapa och vidmakthålla relationer och Stöd och uppmuntran. Reflekterande samtal är den minst vanligt förekommande kategorin. När det gäller de boendes syn på hur viktiga de olika kategorierna är så framträder i stort sett samma mönster dock är Socialt umgänge mer viktigt än Stöd och uppmuntran. Dessutom så skattas kategorierna Att skapa och vidmakthålla relationer och Socialt umgänge av de boende vara betydligt mer viktiga än de andra fyra kategorierna.

    När vi tittar närmare på hur mönstret ser ut från personalens perspektiv så skiljer det sig i vissa delar från de boendes svar. Att skapa och vidmakthålla relationer följt av Stöd och uppmuntran är även enligt personalen de mest vanligt förekommande och de mest viktiga kategorierna av vårdande/stödjande handlingar. Däremot så anser personalen att de minst viktiga handlingarna är medvetandegörande samtal, visserligen tätt följt av Reflekterande samtal.

    Det som är intressant att notera när man jämför de boendes med personalens svar så skattar de boende Socialt umgänge som något mer viktigt än vad personalen gör.

    Rapporten är nr 7 (av 24st) i Boendeprojektet som är ett riktat projekt inom ramen för kansliet för Nationell psykiatrisamordning. Projektmedel beviljades av Socialstyrelsen år 2005 för ett uppdrag inom satsningen på psykiatri och socialt stöd och omsorg för personer med psykisk sjukdom och/eller psykiska funktionshinder. Projektet har letts av David Brunt, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete, Växjö universitet.

  • 33.
    Rask, Mikael
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Vårdande/stödjande handlingar inom privata boendeformer för personer med psykiska funktionshinder: En studie av boendes och personals perspektiv inom HVB-hem, sjukhem och andra privata alternativ2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har avsett att kartlägga hur vanligt det är att olika vårdande/stödjande handlingar förekommer inom privata boendeformer (HVB-hem mm) för personer med psykiska funktionshinder samt hur viktiga dessa handlingar anses vara utifrån boendes och personals perspektiv.

    Målgruppen var personer med psykiska funktionshinder som har sitt boende i en bostad som drivs av en privat entreprenör, HVB-hem mm samt den boendestödspersonal som arbetar inom dessa boenden.

    Den kategori av stödinsatser som boende och personal anser vara mest vanligt förekommande och som upplevs mest viktig är att skapa och vidmakthålla relationer. Den näst mest vanligt förekommande och viktiga är stödjande och uppmuntrande samtal. Den minst vanligt förekommande kategorin är enligt såväl de boende som personalen reflekterande samtal. Kategorierna socialt umgänge och reflekterande samtal är de minst viktiga enligt de boende medan medvetandegörande samtal är den minst viktiga enligt personalen.

    De viktigaste handlingarna, enligt de boende, är att personalen uppmuntrar dem när de gör något som är bra och att de står för vad de har sagt samt att de visar de boende att de är tillgängliga för dem. Dessutom så anger de boende att det är viktigt att personalen visar att de bryr sig och är ärliga men även att de uppmuntrar de boende att komma och prata när de har det besvärligt och att de hjälper de boende att se sina möjligheter. De handlingar som personalens svar visar är särskilt viktiga (förutom de handlingar som ingår i kategorin att skapa och vidmakthålla relationer) är att uppmuntra de boende när de gör något som är bra, att uppmuntra de boende att hålla god hygien, att komma och prata när de har det besvärligt men även att de pratar med de boende om de gör något olämpligt.

    Den generella bilden som framträder i denna studie är att personalen kan antas ha en relativt god förmåga att se och försöka arbeta med det som de boende anser är viktigt. Däremot så finns mer påtagliga skillnader mellan de boendes och personalens skattningar beträffande hur ofta de olika kategorierna av handlingar förekommer. Detta tyder på att personalens budskap inte har nått fram, i önskvärd grad, när det gäller de vårdande/stödjande handlingarna. En mindre skillnad mellan dessa två gruppers skattningar kan vara ett tecken på att personalen uppfattar hur viktigt patienterna anser att dessa handlingar är och arbetar därför med dessa. En större skillnad kan vara ett tecken på att personalen har svårt att möta det som de boende anser viktigt eller att personalen arbetar mer med det som de själva anser är viktigt. Det sistnämnda kan vara ett tecken på att personalen arbetar med sådant de känner sig trygga med.

    Rapporten är nr 8 (av 24st) i Boendeprojektet som är ett riktat projekt inom ramen för kansliet för Nationell psykiatrisamordning. Projektmedel beviljades av Socialstyrelsen år 2005 för ett uppdrag inom satsningen på psykiatri och socialt stöd och omsorg för personer med psykisk sjukdom och/eller psykiska funktionshinder. Projektet har letts av David Brunt, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete, Växjö universitet

  • 34.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Albinsson, Gunilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Safipour, Jalal
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Wenneberg, Stig
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Andersson, Lisbet
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Carlsson Blomster, Monica
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Ozolins, Lise-Lotte
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Borg, Christel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Lindqvist, Gunilla
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Validation of the verbal and social interaction questionnaire for nursing students: the focus of nursing students in their relationship with patients2018In: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, ISSN 1925-4040, E-ISSN 1925-4059, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 81-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Verbal and Social Interaction Nursing Students questionnaire (VSI-NS) has been created to measure the development of verbal, social and interactional skills of nursing students with patients, from their perspective in nursing care. The aim of the present study was to determine the construct validity and internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire. The study had a methodological and developmental design and was carried out in four steps: adjustment of the items, face validity, data collection and data analysis. The number of items was reduced from 48 to 31. The factor analysis of the final 31 items resulted in four quite distinct factors: “Inviting to talk about feelings and thoughts”, “Building a caring relationship”, “Encouraging social and practical aspects in daily life” and “Caring towards health and wellbeing”. The results showed satisfactory psychometric properties in terms of content validity, construct validity and the internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire.  It could be concluded that the original conceptual model could serve as a theoretical foundation to explain and understand nurses’ caring interactions with their patients.

  • 35.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Brunt, David
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Verbal and social interactions in Swedish forensic psychiatric nursing care as perceived by the patients and nurses.2006In: Int J Ment Health Nurs, ISSN 1445-8330, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 100-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Vårdande och stödjande handlingar2010Book (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Brunt, David
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Validation of the verbal and social interaction questionnaire: nurses' focus in the nurse–patient relationship in forensic nursing care2008In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 15, no 9, p. 710-716Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need to develop a questionnaire that measures nurses' verbal and social interactions (VSI) with their patients from the nurses' perspective as well as from the patients' perspective in the psychiatric and especially in the forensic psychiatric field. The major aim of the present study was to determine the construct validity and the internal consistency reliability of the VSI questionnaire. The study had a methodological and developmental design and was carried out in four steps: construction of the items, face validity, data collection and data analysis. The number of items was reduced from 50 to 21. The factor analysis of the final 21 items resulted in three quite distinct factors, namely, ‘inviting the patient to establish a relationship’, ‘showing interest in the patients' feelings, experiences and behaviour’ and ‘helping the patients to establish structure and routines in their everyday life’. The results showed satisfactory psychometric properties in terms of content validity, construct validity and the internal consistency reliability of the questionnaire.

  • 38.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    David, Brunt
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Verbal and social interactions in the nurse-patient relationship in forensic psychiatric nursing care: a model and its philosophical and theoretical foundation2007In: Nursing Inquiry, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 169-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper focuses on the nurse-patient relationship in forensic psychiatric care. From research in the field six categories of nurse-patient interactions are identified: "building and sustaining relationships", "supportive/encouraging interactions", "social skills training", "reality orientation", "reflective interactions" and "practical skills training". The content of each category of interaction in the context of forensic psychiatric care is described. A conceptual model is presented together with an empirical, philosophical and theoretical foundation for the use of verbal and social interactions in nurse-patient interactions in forensic psychiatric nursing care. The implications and possible uses of the model in the practical field of forensic psychiatric care are discussed.

  • 39.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Kronkvist, Ola
    Växjö University, Police officer programme.
    Åberg, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences and Social Work.
    Polisers bemötande av personer med psykiatriska problem2006In: Bilder av polisarbete: samhällsuppdrag, dilemman & kunskapskrav / [ed] Lena Agevall och Håkan Jenner, Växjö: Växjö university press , 2006, p. 51-68Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Poliser möter i sitt arbete personer med allvarlig psykisk störning, vilket mångagånger kan vara problematiskt. Inte sällan äger ett sådan möte rum i en spänd situationeller i en miljö där polisen känner osäkerhet. Att då bemöta personen ifråga med respekt och värdighet kan vara besvärligt. Såväl nationellt som internationelltfinns stora brister i fråga om utbildningsmaterial som skulle kunnahjälpa poliser att utveckla sina färdigheter inom bemötandeområdet. Följandetext bygger på en studie, initierad av Polisutbildningen vid Växjö universitet, baseraddels på analys av videoinspelningar av polisstudenter i träningssituationerunder sin utbildning i Växjö, dels på djupintervjuer med poliser som har gedignaegna erfarenheter från möten med människor med svåra psykiska funktionshinder(i texten ofta kallade "psykiskt sjuka"). Intervjuerna, utförda av författarnatill denna text, gjordes vid två storstäder och en mindre stad. Sammanlagt intervjuades11 personer. Slutsatserna ur analys av inspelningarna och intervjuernajämförs med den forskning som i dag finns tillgänglig inom det aktuella området.

  • 40.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Malm, Dan
    School of Health Sciences Jönköping University.
    Kristofferzon,, Marja-Leena
    Institutionen för hälso- och vårdvetenskap, School of Health and Caring Sciences, Gävle.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Svedberg, Petra
    University College of Halmstad.
    Arenhill, Eva
    Baigi, Amir
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences. School of Health Sciences Jönköping University.
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Annica, Sjostrom-Strand
    Wieslander, Inger
    University College of Halmstad.
    Benzein, Eva
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Validity and Reliability of a Swedish Version of the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS) – Pilot Study2010In: Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 0843-6096, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 16-21Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There is a need for a short and easily administered scale, in the Swedish language, for assessing partner relationships in the health care of persons with cardiac disease.

    PURPOSE: To establish the reliability and validity of the Swedish version of the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS).

    DESIGN: The present pilot study has a methodological design.

    FINDINGS: Content validity has been tested for relevance, clarity and readability. The scale was tested for construct validity with explorative factor analysis. The reliability was tested by internal consistency and test-retest analysis. The result showed a two-factor solution, which does not correspond to the original proposed one-factor solution. The factor analyses revealed two quite distinct factors of RAS, labelled "Relationship built on expectations and satisfaction of needs" and "Relationship built on love and devotion".

    CONCLUSIONS: The scale has satisfactory psychometric properties in terms of content validity, construct validity, homogeneity and stability in a population of persons with cardiac disease. Wider evaluations of the RAS for other populations and settings are recommended.

  • 41.
    Rask, Mikael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Schröder, Agneta
    Örebro University.
    Lundqvist, Lars-Olov
    Örebro University ; Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway.
    Ivarsson, Ann-Britt
    Örebro University.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Residents' View of Quality in Ordinary Housing with Housing Support for People with Psychiatric Disabilities2017In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 132-138Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the quality of housing support provided in housing services for people with psychiatric disabilities living in ordinary housing with housing support from the residents' perspective, by using the QPC-H instrument. A sample of 174 residents in ordinary housing, receiving housing support from 22 housing support services in nine Swedish municipalities, participated in this study. The results show that the quality of psychiatric care in housing services was mainly rated highly as measured with the QPC-H instrument. The dimensions Encounter and Secluded Environment were the aspects that were rated as the two with the highest quality of housing service. The dimensions Participation and Secure Environment were rated as those with the lowest quality. There were more residents who totally disagreed with the statements in the dimensions Participation and Housing Specific than in the other dimensions. The perceived lower quality in Encounter, Participation, Support and the Housing Specific dimensions was associated with a low frequency of psychiatric outpatient clinic contacts. A conclusion is that the support staff could be more observant regarding the residents' need for support and also talk more with them about what could be done to assist them. It also seems important that the support staff discuss with the residents regarding how they can help them to feel more secure in their accommodation.

  • 42.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Barbosa da Silva, António
    Ansgar Theological Seminary, Norway.
    Where can I find consolation?: A theoretical analysis of the meaning of consolation as experienced by Job in the Book of Job in the Hebrew bible2013In: Journal of religion and health, ISSN 0022-4197, E-ISSN 1573-6571, Vol. 52, no 1, p. 114-127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore the meaning of consolation as experienced by Job in the Book of Job and as presented in literature and how consolation relates to suffering and care. The study’s theoretical design applied Ricoeur’s view on phenomenology and hermeneutics. The resulting themes were as follows: consolation that is present, that originates in confrontation, that keeps suffering at a distance, that does not alleviate suffering, that originates in experience from giving comfort, and that facilitates a change of perspective. The authentic and caring consolation accepts the sufferer’s incomprehensible “otherness” but however provides no answers about how to console.

  • 43.
    Strand, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Törnqvist, Erna
    Lund University.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    An intervention-based study of how MRI is perceived by patients with spinal metastasis after adjustments to the examination procedures2018In: Journal of Radiology Nursing, ISSN 1546-0843, E-ISSN 1555-9912, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 119-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to explore magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) experiences of patients with spinal metastasis after adjustments to the examination procedures have been made in accordance with the findings from a previous study. MRI is an important medical technology, which is considered to be the first choice of examination method when diagnosing and evaluating spinal metastatic tumors. It is a challenge to care for patients who experience anxiety and pain during an MRI. However, several aspects of the examination can be adjusted to improve the care for these patients. Findings from previous research were used to develop a care intervention, the effects of which are explored in this study. Qualitative deductive-inductive content analysis was used in this study. Eleven patients with spinal metastasis were interviewed about their experiences of going through an MRI scan based on an intervention designed in accordance with the findings from previous research. The findings showed that adjustments to the examination often were perceived as beneficial. However, patients needed to be involved in the decisions that influenced their own care. Time was an important component that affected the need for being prepared as well as the degree of personalization of the examination. This study shows that patients need to be seen as unique individuals, and they need to be able to influence the care that is given to them. The personalization of and adjustments to the examination routines need to be carried out in agreement with the patient.

  • 44.
    Strand, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Törnqvist, Erna
    Lund University.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences. Halmstad University ; VID University, Norway.
    Caring for patients with spinal metastasis during an MRI examination2018In: Radiography, ISSN 1078-8174, E-ISSN 1532-2831, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 79-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is without question the best tool used for diagnosing and evaluating spinal metastasis. An MRI examination is known to be of great value for the treatment planning and survival of these patients. Radiographers have an important role in how the quality of care is experienced by the patients during an MRI examination. The purpose of the study was to describe the radiographers’ perceptions of caring for patients with spinal metastasis during an examination with MRI.

    Methods: Phenomenography was used to analyze the data in this study. Ten radiographers, one male and nine females were interviewed about their perception of caring for patients with spinal metastasis during an MRI examination.

    Results: The findings showed that the radiographers’ caring perspective influenced their approach towards what they consider to be essential in the care of patients with spinal metastasis. This can impact the extent of the adjustment to the care needs of the patients. Furthermore, the findings showed that there was a strong connection between the radiographers’ care approach and preparedness to personalize the care.

    Conclusion: This study shows that it is important to be flexible when providing care for the patients. A person-centered care is achieved when the caring perspective is based on the patient’s view and adjustments are made in agreement with the patient.

  • 45.
    Strand, Thomas
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Törnqvist, Erna
    Lund University.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Caring Sciences.
    The experience of patients with neoplasm metastasis in the spine during a magnetic resonance imaging examination2014In: Journal of Radiology Nursing, ISSN 1546-0843, E-ISSN 1555-9912, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 191-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to explore the experience of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination by patients with neoplasm metastasis in the spine. MRI is the most accurate method to diagnose and evaluate suspected metastatic disease in the spine. Patients may experience anxiety because of the fear of pain, fear of the unknown, and the apprehension about what the test might reveal. The study had a qualitative design, and the collected data were analyzed by means of latent content analysis. Twelve semistructured in-depth interviews were carried out starting with the question “Can you tell me about your experience of the MRI examination?” Four themes were identified: “motivation,” “worry and anxiety,” “insecurity,” and “security.” The patients were highly motivated to be examined by MRI, although most of them did experience some degree of worry or anxiety. The level of worry or anxiety was generated by the perception that an MRI examination was unpleasant, uncomfortable, or by the fear of what the result would show. All participants experienced some degree of insecurity, but in different ways, the insecurity of the patient could be reduced and the patients could experience a greater degree of security. The feelings of insecurity or security could be influenced by the radiographer, patients themselves, and MRI equipment. This study shows that most patients usually experience worry and anxiety. If the patients are motivated, they can manage to go through the examination in spite of the previously mentioned adverse feelings. Patients' feelings tend to fluctuate between a sense of insecurity and one of security.

  • 46.
    Svedberg, Petra
    et al.
    University College of Halmstad.
    Ivarsson, Bodil
    Nilsson, Ulrica G
    Umeå Universitet, Örebro University.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Baigi, Amir
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Brännström, Margareta
    Umeå Universitet.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    School of Health Sciences Jönköping University.
    Persson, Sylvi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Alm Roijer, Carin
    Malmö högskola.
    Psychometric evaluation of a Swedish version of Krantz Health Opinion Survey2012In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 181-187Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psy- chometric properties of a Swedish version of The Krantz Health Opinion Survey (KHOS). A conven- ience sample of 79 persons (47 men and 32 women) was recruited from The Heart and Lung Patients’ National Association at ten local meeting places in different areas in Sweden. The questionnaire was examined for face and content validity, internal con-sistency and test-retest reliability. The findings showed that the Swedish version of KHOS is accept- able in terms of face and content validity, internal consistency and test-retest reliability over time among 79 individuals >65 years of age and with a cardiac disease. In conclusion, wider evaluations of the psy- chometric use of KHOS for other populations and settings are recommended.

  • 47.
    Svedberg, Petra
    et al.
    University College of Halmstad.
    Johansson, Ingela
    Linköpings universitet.
    Persson, Sylvi
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences. School of Health Sciences Jönköping University.
    Baigi, Amir
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Alm Roijer, Carin
    Malmö högskola.
    Malm, Dan
    School of Health Sciences Jönköping University.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Nilsson, Ulrica
    Umeå Universitet, Örebro universitet.
    Psychometric evaluation of “The 25-item Sex after MI Knowledge Test” in a Swedish context2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 203-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The patients’ sexual life after a myocardial infarction is important for his/her quality of life. In spite of this, many patients are in doubt regarding their sex life after a myocardial infarction (MI) and the sexual information received, and counselling from health care providers has been seen to be insufficient. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of ‘The 25-item Sex after MI Knowledge Test’ in a Swedish context. A convenience sample was recruited. The scale was translated into Swedish and completed by 79 former patients from The Heart and Lung Patients’ National Association on two occasions, with an interval of 2 weeks. The scale was tested for face and content validity, internal consistency and test–retest reliability. The result in this study indicates that the instrument has good face and content validity and displayed a moderate internal consistency (alpha 0.61). The instrument showed some level of instability in test–retest reliability with 60% of the items presenting moderate or strong agreement between the test and retest. Further studies that use this instrument in larger and more diverse samples are thus needed.

  • 48.
    Säll-Hansson, Karin
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences. Jönköping University.
    Brunt, David
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    Hansson, Bo
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Cultural Sciences.
    Rask, Mikael
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Health, Social Work and Behavioural Sciences, School of Health and Caring Sciences.
    The meaning of the experiences of persons with chronic pain in their encounters with the health service2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 444-450Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 48 of 48
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