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  • 1.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Ingwald, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    A database model for monitoring and assessing technical and financial impacts of maintenance on the production process2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Ingwald, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Maintenance in Real Estate and Manufacturing Industries: Differences, Problems, Needs and Potentials - Four Case Studies2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2015) / [ed] Koskinen, KT; Kortelainen, H; Aaltonen, J; Uusitalo, T; Komonen, K; Mathew, J; Laitinen, J, Switzerland: Springer, 2016, s. 13-27Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is about 50 % of the activities in the housing sector in the EU region are related to maintenance. According to several publications, building management systems are still quite rare and efficient methodologies for service life prediction of building parts still need to be developed. Also, recent studies show difficulties in finding comprehensive answers concerning, e.g. identifying risks and preventive maintenance actions. Incomplete information can easily lead to incorrect maintenance actions. The problem addressed is: How to improve performance and cost-effectiveness of the maintenance applied on real estate facilities especially buildings to reduce maintenance and management costs and increase company profit? The study’s objectives are to analyse maintenance; techniques, costs, weaknesses and potentials, and compare it with manufacturing industry experience. Also, to investigate whether there is a need for a DSS for planning and follow up cost-effective CBM. The major results of four case studies are; (1) Preventive and breakdown maintenance are mainly used and actions are funded from different accounts. (2) The concept of cost-effectiveness is applied occasionally. (3) Lack of CBM-DSS for planning, follow up and evaluate maintenance profitability, and cost-effective improvements of company business and tenant living quality. (4) The profit generated by continuous heating of building thanks efficient maintenance is about 2.332 million SEK. The major conclusion; there is a reasonable opportunity to reduce buildings’ management and maintenance costs.

  • 3.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    A Model to Identify Relevant Data for Accurate Problem Tracing and Localisation, and Cost-effective Decisions: A Case Study2006Ingår i: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Maintenance Engineering ICME 2006 New Century New Maintenance / [ed] Jia Xisheng et al., 2006, , s. 14-21Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mapping the technical and financial effectiveness of a production is crucial for making cost-effective maintenance decisions. But, a successful mapping cannot be achieved without a well-structured database including all relevant data required for this task. The problem addressed in this paper is how to identify the relevant variables and performance measures that should be monitored for achieving cost-effective maintenance decisions that enhance company’s business? The main result achieved is a model for identifying relevant data required for accurate problem tracing and localisation within maintenance and production processes using a top down approach. The potential of applying the model is examined in a case study including databases of two commercial software programs developed for maintenance. The main conclusions are integration of IT and data resources within the enterprise is needed for developing a holistic view of the production process and a well-formulated and documented procedure of data identification will ensure that the data can be traced back to root sources and in this way we can support the work of continuous cost-effective improvement by eliminating root causes of problems at an early stage.

  • 4.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Systemekonomi.
    A model to identify relevant data for problem tracing and maintenance cost-effective decisions: a case study2006Ingår i: International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, ISSN 1741-0401, E-ISSN 1758-6658, Vol. 55, nr 8, s. 616-637Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to help build up a relevant database for mapping technicaland financial effectiveness of production in order to make cost-effective maintenance decisions.Design/methodology/approach – A theoretical model is developed based on past research andexperience adopting a holistic systems approach on the production. A case study, which includesdatabases of two maintenance-used software programs, verifies the potential of applying the model.Findings – The main result achieved is a model for identifying relevant data required for accurateproblem tracing and localisation within maintenance and production processes using a top downapproach. The main conclusions are integration of IT and data resources within the enterprise isneeded for developing a holistic view of the production process and a well-formulated and documentedprocedure of data identification will ensure that the data can be traced back to root sources and in thisway we can support the work of continuous cost-effective improvement by eliminating root causes ofproblems at an early stage.Research limitations/implications – Further model verification by industrial case studies wouldbe of interest.Practical implications – The holistic approach and the model presented are applicable especially incapital intensive industries, where maintenance budget is not negligible and the amount of data toprocess is large. By structuring the data need and data identification process relevant performancemeasures will be monitored and advanced maintenance concepts can be applied.Originality/value – By applying the proposed model in industry, the data identification processitself and not the data contents is necessary to be standardised and structured. It shifts the focus of thequality aspect from just data level to both data and data collection level. The performance measureswill therefore not be chosen depending on what the IT applications can provide in first hand, but uponwhat is needed for cost-effective mapping, analysis, following up and assessment of maintenanceperformance.

  • 5.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Systemekonomi.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Systemekonomi.
    Identifying and analysing data for cost-effective cost-effective maintenance decision-making2006Ingår i: ICME 2006: Proceedings of the first international conference on maintenance engineering, Science press, Bejing , 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The problem addressed is: How to identify the relevant variables and performance measures that should be monitored for achieving cost-effective maintenance decisions that enhance company’s business? The main result achieved is a model for identifying relevant data required for accurate problem tracing and localisation within maintenance and production processes using a top down approach. The potential of applying the model is illustrated in a case study including databases of two commercial software programs. The main conclusion drawn: By integrating data resources within the enterprise a holistic view of the production process can be achieved.

  • 6.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Ingwald, Anders
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    BETUS: a maintenance decision support system2005Ingår i: Creation of Industrial Competitiveness: CIC 2001-2004 / [ed] Basim Al-Najjar ; Anders Pehrsson, Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2005, s. 41-57Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Ingwald, Anders
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Samadi, R.
    Decision support system for monitoring and assessing maintenance financial impact on company´s profitability2003Ingår i: First International Conference on Performance Measures, Benchmarking and Best Practices in New Economy, Business Excellence 2003, June 10-13, Guimaraes, Portugal., 2003, s. 79-86Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 8.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Krantz, M.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Maintenance costs, savings and benefits in manufacturing2002Ingår i: Proceedings of the 4th international conference on quality, reliability and maintenance / [ed] McNulty, GJ, 2002, s. 7-10Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    More efficient maintenance yields in increased production, lower costs and higher product quality promoting company's business. Data will be used in a Decision Support System (DSS) to achieve cost-effective decisions, improve maintenance strategy and increase company's profit. In this paper, an Information Technology (IT) System, i.e. GMDSS, supporting the concept of total quality maintenance (TQMain) is developed. This system consists of a Database Management System (DBMS), DSS and the interaction between these components and between the system and it's environment. The system is verified in real data from a Swedish paper mill. The major results are maintenance direct costs, savings and benefits are considered instead of direct and indirect maintenance costs. Economic losses are considered as potential savings when a more efficient maintenance is used. Further, vibration-based maintenance (VBM) saved annually about 4 MSEK. It is about nine times the investments done in maintenance. which were between 1-2.2% of the total potential savings. The mean conclusion of this study is using this methodology for assessing maintenance economic role, it would be classified as a profit-centre.

  • 9.
    Galar, Diego
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Schmidt, Bernard
    University of Skövde.
    Big data in asset management: Knowledge Discovery in asset data by the means of data mining2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2015) / [ed] Koskinen, KT; Kortelainen, H; Aaltonen, J; Uusitalo, T; Komonen, K; Mathew, J; Laitinen, J, Springer, 2016, s. 161-171Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Assets are complex mixes of complex systems, built from components which, over time, may fail. The ability to quickly and efficiently determine the cause of failures and propose optimum maintenance decisions, while minimizing the need for human intervention is necessary. Thus, for complex assets, much information needs to be captured and mined to assess the overall condition of the whole system. Therefore the integration of asset information is required to get an accurate health assessment of the whole system, and determine the probability of a shutdown or slowdown. Moreover, the data collected are not only huge but often dispersed across independent systems that are difficult to access, fuse and mine due to disparate nature and granularity. If the data from these independent systems are combined into a common correlated data source, this new set of information could add value to the individual data sources by the means of data mining. This paper proposes a knowledge discovery process based on CRISP-DM for failure diagnosis using big data sets. The process is exemplified by applying it on railway infrastructure assets. The proposed framework implies a progress beyond the state of the art in the development of Big Data technologies in the fields of Knowledge Discovery algorithms from heterogeneous data sources, scalable data structures, real-time communications and visualizations techniques.

  • 10.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Faculty experiences in interdisciplinary programs: opportunities and challenges2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the 14th International CDIO Conference: Kanazawa in Japan, June 28-July 02, 2018 / [ed] Casey Bean, Jens Bennedsen, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Röslof, Robert Songer & Tomohito Yamamoto (eds.), Kanazawa, Japan: Kanazawa Institute of Technology , 2018, artikel-id 44Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in the business environment (such as shorter product lifecycles, globalization, and digitalization) while contributing to a sustainable development, have formed new conditions for companies and organizations. In this new situation, problems encountered cannot be answered within a single discipline. Interdisciplinary programs where students from different disciplines interact in learning and knowledge creation is a way to meet these changes in society. An interdisciplinary program also requires interaction on staff level: Meaningful collaboration brings together expertise from different disciplines so the fundamentals of a given discipline are clarified, and the connections to other disciplines are described, reaching a synergy effect by utilizing the strengths of each area. This, however, puts demands on the curriculum design and on the interaction of the teachers. This paper explores the teachers’ perspective of an interdisciplinary program at Linnaeus University. The program is a 2-year master program entitled “Innovation through business, engineering and design”, recruiting students from the engineering, business and design disciplines. The teaching staff represents different subject areas, and the teachers interact in an interdisciplinary mode in the first year, while the second year mainly contains disciplinary courses. In two focus group interviews, teachers were asked about opportunities and challenges in participating in the interdisciplinary program, as well as their view and how interdisciplinarity is considered in the program. The purpose of the paper is to identify how teachers perceive teaching in an interdisciplinary program as well as to distinguish perceived opportunities and challenges for teachers to participate in interdisciplinary programs. This paper concludes that teachers perceive interdisciplinary learning to take place in the project context, where students come from different disciplines work together to solve a complex real-life assignment. Moreover, the hindrances appear to outweigh the possibilities in participating in an interdisciplinary program. Amongst challenges the teachers perceive lack of resources, such as appropriate learning environments, required competence, and unclear decision channels.

  • 11.
    Ingwald, Anders
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Managers’ Attitudes towards IT Support: a Study on How Maintenance Management IT Support is Apprehended in Swedish Industry2011Ingår i: 24th international congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostics Engineering Management: Advances in Industrial Asset Integrity Management / [ed] Maneesh Singh, Raj B. K. N. Rao and J. P. Liyanage, Kolhata, India: Publishing Services PL , 2011, s. 1597-1607Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Decision making for asset management requires sophisticated tools which support daily planning as well as strategic development and improvement. What are the apprehended benefits with the current IT support for maintenance management and which problems do the maintenance managers struggle with? Are the managers satisfied with their IT solutions? What would they like to change in the future and what are the obstacles? Questions highly important as input for further technical enhancement of IT support for maintenance management, as well as they can help us in finding non-technical solutions to the problems encountered. This paper reports on maintenance and asset managers’ attitudes towards their IT support. The findings are based on two interview studies conducted in Sweden by the authors during 2008-2009. Findings reveal that the respondents are overall satisfied with their IT systems and they got appropriate support for their apprehended needs. Although, the managers report several problems faced, for instance with the integration towards other enterprise systems resulting in poor fit of functionality to the maintenance requirements. There are also problems in accessing relevant data for follow up of maintenance activities and the IT support could in general be better suited for decision making.

  • 12.
    Ingwald, Anders
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för fysik och elektroteknik (IFE). Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Partners in maintenance: possibilities in using partnering-based maintenance contracts for Swedish railway2019Ingår i: Asset Intelligence through Integration and Interoperability and Contemporary Vibration Engineering Technologies: Proceedings of the 12th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management and the 13th International Conference on Vibration Engineering and Technology of Machinery / [ed] Joseph Mathew C W Lim Lin Ma Don Sands Michael E. Cholette Pietro Borghesani, Springer, 2019, s. 267-276Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, procurement of maintenance has been based on fixed price on defined work. These types of contract forms can lead to negotiations on everything not included in the price, which may result in delays and a sense of distrust when all parties primarily look after themselves. Recently, forms for cooperation based on mutual trust and fairness for all parties have been developed; partnering. Partnering is characterized by common objectives and project organization, and risk analysis. The project is created and operated in cooperation with customers, contractors, suppliers and consultants. Transparency is a cornerstone of partnering and openness is what mainly differentiates partnering from traditional contractor projects. The Swedish railway uses traditional and very detailed contracting principles. This leads to several problems, such as lack of information and knowledge transfer between parties and life cycle phases, and no incentives for quality and productivity improvements. Is applying the concept of partnering for railway maintenance a solution to these problems? If so, why is the concept not already commonly applied and what are the barriers? This paper introduces the concept of partnering and reviews current research within the area. Thereafter, the possibilities in using partnering-based maintenance in Swedish railway are discussed.

  • 13.
    Ingwald, Anders
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Service management models for railway infrastructure, an ecosystem perspective2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2015) / [ed] Koskinen, KT; Kortelainen, H; Aaltonen, J; Uusitalo, T; Komonen, K; Mathew, J; Laitinen, J, Springer, 2016, s. 289-303Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Up until 2001 the operation and maintenance of Swedish railway, both the railway infrastructure and the rolling stock, was basically the responsibility of Statens Järnvägar. At this year the operation and maintenance of the Swedish railway was deregulated and as a result the number of actors increased dramatically. Also, during the period from 1990 to 2012 there was an increase in the railway transports of 42% in train-kilometres. This put great demands on the railway infrastructure operations and service, and indications were seen that the infrastructure was deteriorating leading to delivery quality problems. In order to solve the situation several governmental investigations were initiated. In a governmental report the situation of the railway maintenance is described as problematic due to several technical as well as organisational factors, of which the lack of competition is seen as the most important. Despite several investigations, the desired delivery quality is still not reached. This paper focuses on the Swedish railway infrastructure and describes the background and current state of the Swedish railway service management by utilising a business ecosystem perspective, which lets you capture the complexity and dynamics of the surroundings. By applying this perspective, looking outside the traditional framework of suppliers and customers, important areas in need of investigation or development can be singled out.  As a part of the result, the Swedish railway infrastructure industry is modelled as an ecosystem, and directions for future development is pointed out.

  • 14.
    Ingwald, Anders
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Systemekonomi.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Systemekonomi.
    The use of IT within maintenance management for continuous improvement2007Ingår i: Proceedings of MIMAR 2007 - 6th IMA International Conference on Modelling in Industrial Maintenance and Reliability, Salford University, 2007, Salford , 2007, s. 51-56Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For long maintenance has been treated as a separate working area, isolated from other areas such as production and quality. However, the awareness of maintenance importance and complex nature has increased. To be able to take full advantage of maintenance, systems that assist in the task of planning and follow up on a continuous improvement basis are required. This paper describes the use of maintenance practices and how IT is used for maintenance management by using data from a survey about maintenance management in Swedish industry. The paper finds out that maintenance activities connected to the Plan and Check phases of the PDCA-cycle are emphasised to a low extent while the Do phase is more emphasised and that companies tend to intentionally select CMMS functionality that supports the Plan phase of the PDCA-cycle, if they put high emphasise on these kind of activities.

  • 15.
    Ingwald, Anders
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. systemekonomi.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. systemekonomi.
    Al-Najjar, Basim
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. systemekonomi.
    A database model supporting a maintenance decision support system for monitoring and assessing the technical and financial condition of a production process2004Ingår i: Proceedings of MIMAR 2004 - 5th IMA International Conference on Modelling in industrial maintenance and reliability: Impact on practice, 2004, s. 290-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Maintenance impact on companies' business is well established. It should no longer be considered as a cost-centre; instead it should be treated as a profit-generating centre, since its close relation to companies' internal efficiency. Cost-effective decisions in maintenance require a system for monitoring and assessing the performance of maintenance and its impact on company's profitability. In this article we present a database model, which will be the foundation of a decision support system for monitoring and assessing production process profitability and competitiveness. The database model was developed based on two case studies made at two different companies and later successfully tested.

  • 16.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Systemekonomi.
    A HOLISTIC PERSPECTIVE OF COMPUTERISED MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT SUPPORT2006Ingår i: Proceedings of Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering Management: COMADEM 2006 - Luleå, Sweden, Luleå University of Technology Press, Luleå , 2006, s. 892-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    During the past four decades great progress within information handling and storage has been accomplished. The importance of enterprise information technology (IT) systems has increased in order to meet the demands set by the users. This is the case also for maintenance management IT, i.e. applications used for maintenance management purposes, such as computerised maintenance management systems or maintenance/asset management modules in enterprise resource planning systems. This paper discusses how the needs of maintenance management IT can be identified. It also studies the functionality of commercial maintenance management IT systems. Main result is a holistic model of maintenance management IT functionality and characteristics needs.

  • 17.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Maskinteknik.
    A literature review of computerised maintenance management support2007Ingår i: Proceedings of MIMAR 2007 - 6th IMA International Conference on Modelling in Industrial Maintenance and Reliability, Salford University, 2007, Salford , 2007, s. 96-101Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Maintenance management information technology (MMIT) systems have existed some forty years. This paper investigates the advancement of these systems and compares the development of MMIT with other corporate information technology (IT) systems by the means of a literature study of 97 scientific papers within the topic of MMIT and additional readings in books. The study reveals that the focus of MMIT has changed in several aspects during the forty years that has been investigated; from technology to use; from maintenance function to maintenance as an integrated part of the business; from supporting reactive maintenance to proactive maintenance and from operative to strategic maintenance considerations.

  • 18.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    A method for quantifying the effects of investments in CMMS2014Ingår i: 9th WCEAM 2014, CASE STUDIES: TOWARDS ENGINEERING ASSET MANAGEMENT BODY OF KNOWLEDGEAND STANDARDS / [ed] Joe E Amadi-Echendu, University of Pretoria, Graduate School of Technology Management , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Investments in information technology are hard to assess due to various reasons, such as lack of easy-to-use methods and appropriate input data. The aim of the paper is to reduce the uncertainty of investment assessments and investment follow up. This is done by addressing the problem with lack of quantified data. A simple method is proposed for transferring intangible and qualitative data into tangible and quantifiable data. The method is a step by step process from identify-ing benefits to finding appropriate values for estimating the magnitude of the ben-efits, and to further quantify the benefits using available data. The values could thereafter be used in traditional economic investment assessment models such as the payback period or net present value method. The proposed method is illustrat-ed using an investment in a computerised maintenance management system as an example.

  • 19.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. systemekonomi.
    Accessing relevant data within maintenance - problems and possibilities in the realisation of a common database2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, Skövde, Sweden, June 30 – July 2 2008, Runit AB, Skövde , 2008, s. 340-347Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Data is needed to support all kind of maintenance management activities e.g. in form of registers, procedures and schedules. Moreover, for predictive-proactive maintenance strategies, such as Total Quality Maintenance (TQMain), the ability to monitor performance is a prerequisite for cost-effective management of maintenance. To achieve this, the common database concept was promoted for the definition and collection of a relevant data-set for maintenance management. When defining and collecting a relevant set of data, one will face several challenges, whereas this paper covers following: 1) Connection to full decision-making process, 2) Data filtration, 3) Data heterogeneity, 4) Standardised data and 5) Flexibility. Today, several standards are available which are supporting data definition and information integration within maintenance management. This paper explores the possibilities to use five of these in order to realise the common database concept: EN 13460, EN15341, OSA-EAI, OSA-CBM and IEC62264. The main conclusion is that no standard could fully support the realisation of the common database concept, and due to this, this paper suggests combining two or more standards for achieving the goals. The results in this paper could be used for the selection of appropriate standard to utilise, depending on the challenge to overcome.

  • 20.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. maskinteknik.
    ACHIEVING PROFITABLE MAINTENANCE BY THE UTILISATION OF DATA AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY2007Ingår i: Proceedings of the 20th International Congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering Management: Machinery and process health monitoring - future trends and prospects, 2007, s. 105-114Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that information technology (IT) investments in the maintenance area are of equal strategic importance as IT investments in general. Provided that correct and relevant IT is applied, information technology could be an important tool for reaching the goal of profitability in maintenance. This paper discusses the relationships between maintenance business demands and maintenance demands of data and information technology systems and gives suggestions for how relevant data and information technology systems could be identified in order to achieve profitable maintenance. This paper concludes that the demands of data and IT applications must be connected to the overall maintenance demands, which are reflected in the maintenance goals and strategy, in order to achieve profitable maintenance. Furthermore, structured methods that ensure the connection between maintenance business goals and data/IT demands are of importance.

  • 21.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Maskinteknik.
    An approach for determining the requirements of computerised maintenance management systems2008Ingår i: Computers in industry (Print), ISSN 0166-3615, E-ISSN 1872-6194, Vol. 59, nr 1, s. 32-40Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology (IT) could be an important tool for reaching efficiency and effectiveness within maintenance, provided that correct and relevant IT is applied. In this paper, a conceptual model for identifying maintenance management IT requirements is developed, with its practical application in a process for the IT requirements identification for maintenance management. The process is exemplified in two real-world cases. This paper suggests that the factors of goals, purpose and use should be considered on organisational and individual level in order to identify the IT demands. Correct level of IT applied, i.e. IT consisting of correct functionality required for planning, conducting and following up maintenance activities according to the state of maintenance and the strategy adapted, will contribute to successful maintenance management. Moreover, this paper promotes the use of a structured procedure for the identification of IT requirements for maintenance management.

  • 22.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Applying an innovative educational program for the education of today's engineers2012Ingår i: Journal of Physics, Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588, E-ISSN 1742-6596, Vol. 364, artikel-id 012113Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Engineers require a broad spectrum of knowledge and skills: basic skills in mathematics and physics, skills and competencies within the major subject area as well as more general knowledge about business and enterprise contexts, society regulations and understanding of the future professions' characteristics. In addition, social, intercultural, analytical and managing competencies are desired. The CDIO educational program was initiated as a means to come closer to practice and to assure the training of engineering skills that are required of today's engineers. CDIO is short for Conceive-Design-Implement-Operate and describes the full life cycle understanding of a system or asset that engineering students should reach during education. The CDIO initiative is formulated in a program consisting of two important documents: the CDIO standards and the CDIO syllabus. The standards describe a holistic approach on education, from knowledge and skills to be trained, how to train and assess them, to how to develop the teaching staff and the work places for enabling the goals. The specific knowledge and skills to be achieved are accounted for in the syllabus. In this paper we share our more than 15 years of experiences in problem and project based learning from the perspective of the CDIO standards. For each standard, examples of how to set up the education and overcome challenges connected to the standard are given. The paper concludes with recommendations to others wishing to work toward problem and real-life based education without compromising the requirements of a scientific approach.

  • 23.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    Assessing maintenance management IT on the basis of IT maturity2009Ingår i: Proceedings of the 4th World Congress of Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM) 2009: Engineering Asset Lifecycle Management / [ed] Dimitris Kiritsis, Christos Emmanouilidis, Andy Koronios, and Joseph Mathew, International Society of Engineering Asset Management (ISEAM) , 2009Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that investments in IT have a positive correlation to company profitability and competitiveness. This is the case also for maintenance management IT (MMIT), i.e. applications used for maintenance management purposes such as computerised maintenance management systems (CMMS) and maintenance management or asset management modules in enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. Although, models and methods for evaluating maintenance IT needs and IT systems are not well developed. This paper shows how the IT maturity of the maintenance organisation could be considered in the IT procurement process. If we are able to define functionality for different levels of IT maturity, the assessment and selection of the relatively best IT application for the maintenance organisation would be supported. A model describing three phases of IT maturity within maintenance (IT beginners, medium IT users and IT mature organisations) forms the theoretical basis. The applicability of the approach is tested by evaluating 24 CMMS and enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems.

  • 24.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. systemekonomi.
    Condition monitoring, Condition-based maintenance and On-condition tasks; differences and roles in companies' profitability and competitiveness2004Ingår i: Proceedings of MIMAR 2004 - 5th IMA International Conference on Modelling in industrial maintenance and reliability: Impact on practice, 2004, s. 290-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Condition-based maintenance (CBM), condition monitoring (CM) and on-condition tasks (OCT) are different terms that can be found in maintenance literature. Today, the literature shows confusion about the definitions and in what context the different terms should be used. The main objectives of this paper are to highlight and analyse the differences between the activities done when using these terms and discuss their roles in production systems' technical and economic effectiveness. In addition, this paper discusses how CBM, CM and OCT contribute to companies overall profitability and competitiveness.

  • 25.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. maskinteknik.
    DETERMINING THE REQUIREMENTS OF COMPUTERISED MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT SUPPORT2007Ingår i: Proceedings of the 20th International Congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering Management: Machinery and process health monitoring - future trends and prospects, 2007, s. 273-282Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology (IT) systems for maintenance management are important tools for reaching the goals set for maintenance if they are able to support the maintenance organisation’s needs. In research though, there is a lack of theoretical models, as well as practical models, for determining and identifying maintenance management IT needs. In this paper a conceptual model for identifying maintenance management IT requirements is developed, with its practical application in a process for the IT requirements identification for maintenance management. The process is exemplified with one real-world case. This paper suggests that the factors of goals, purpose and use should be considered on organisational and individual level in order to identify the IT demands. Correct level of IT applied, i.e. IT consisting of correct functionality required for planning, conducting and following up maintenance activities according to the state of maintenance and the strategy adapted, will contribute to successful maintenance management. Moreover, this paper promotes the use of a structured procedure for the identification of IT requirements for maintenance management.

  • 26.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Engineering Program Development Using Business Modelling and CDIO as Eenablers2016Ingår i: The 12th International CDIO Conference, 2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This contribution describes a year-long educational development project funded by the Kamprad Foundation started in 2015. The aim was to develop a training package in the field of forestry and wood technology targeting entrepreneurship. We chose to focus on developing two of the current programs: the engineering program and the master's program. The goal was to review and further develop these programs. To achieve this, we felt it was important to get a deep understanding of a number of questions:

    • What are the external conditions? (Questions such as: Target groups, what other educational programs are given within the area, the demand for such programs, what do industry and alumni find important to cover in training?)
    • What are the internal conditions? (Questions such as: What are the strengths and weaknesses of the current program, what do teachers and administrators find important to cover in training?)
    • How to work with entrepreneurship in the defined programs? (Questions such as: What does entrepreneurship mean in the context of Forestry and Wood Technology, how can we practically work on entrepreneurship in education?)

     

    We applied theories from the business modelling area, such as stakeholder mapping, SWOT analysis and business model generation (the canvas model), and the CDIO framework for reaching the required understanding. The results were thereafter used for suggesting curriculum design changes.

  • 27.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Experiences from Using Open-Ended and Life-Resembling Problems in a Master Course2015Ingår i: Proceedings of the 11th International CDIO Conference, June 8-11 2015, Chengdu, China, Conceive Design Implement Operate, CDIO , 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Finding the optimum balance between theory and practice is one of the major challenges in higher education. A student-centered approach to learning is argued for by several educational researchers and practitioners, and deep learning could be accomplished by activating the students during the education. This paper reports on experiences learned from a course in Maintenance Data Management, which is thought on the first year of a master’s program in Industrial Asset Management, and in specific on how knowledge and skills in computerized maintenance management systems were trained. The course consisted of a series of lectures, laboratory sessions, exercises and seminars. In addition, two study visits and one guest lecture were arranged. In this paper one of the activities is described in more depth. The activity is an exercise in IT system selection, where the students are asked to define functional and non-functional criteria for the evaluation of systems alternatives, to find suitable candidates for evaluation and finally conduct an evaluation and discuss the results. This exercise exemplifies ways to create more open-ended and real-life resembling problems that activates the student in the learning situation, and that simultaneously gives the students possibilities for advanced reasoning and reflection. The detailed learning outcomes of the exercise are described using the CDIO syllabus, and benefits as well as success criteria are highlighted in the conclusion.

  • 28.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Formative and Summative Assessment: Contradictories or Joint Opportunities?2014Ingår i: Proceeding of the 10th international CDIO Conference: Sharing Successful Engineering Education Experiences, CDIO , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Formative assessment is used for monitoring student learning in order to provide the student with relevant feedback, while summative assessment is used to evaluate student learning outcomes. Traditionally, these two concepts are seen as counterparts or contradictories, and this might result in a belief that one is to be preferred in favour for the other. In fact, they both are important measures in creating an efficient learning environment, and in reality they are often combined. This contribution discusses the benefits of both concepts and in particular how one and same assignment could be utilised both for summative and formative purposes. The discussion is exemplified using experience from a first year course in project management and academic writing entitled “Technical projects and report writing”. In the course, summative as well as formative assessment methods are utilised. The interconnection between assessment methods and the integration of both summative and formative aspects in some of the assignments is highlighted. We will also address how the setup is communicated to the students and their feedback and reflections on the course and their learning outcomes.

  • 29.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Hur skall utbildningen vara utformad? En studie i olika aktörers uppfattning om utbildningsutformning2015Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den traditionella utformningen av högskoleutbildning är den campusbaserade, teoretiska och lärarcentrerade kursen med föreläsningar och skriftlig tentamen. Trenden kan ses som den totala motsatsen till detta: I dag förespråkas distansbaserade utbildningar med flippade klassrum, och där studenten förväntas bara aktiv i lärprocessen och ta ansvar för sitt eget lärande. Men vad är det bästa alternativet?  Frågan beror naturligtvis på faktorer såsom ämne, studentgrupp, lärarkår och resurser som finns tillhands. Men genom att tydliggöra de konstraster som finns kan lärare och utbildningsadministratörer skapa en större medvetenhet kring utbildningsutformning och de för- och nackdelar olika tillvägagångssätt har. Om man dessutom frågar andra aktörer kopplade till utbildningen – studenter, presumtiva studenter (t.ex. gymnasieelever), alumni och näringslivsrepresentanter – klan man bättre förstå de förväntningar och behov man har på en viss utbildning. Detta gjordes för högskoleingenjörsutbildningen i Skog och träteknik i en studie under våren 2015.

    Ett underlag som täckte tio aspekter på utbildningsutformning togs fram som skulle fungera både för fokusgruppsdiskussioner och för enkäter. De tio aspekterna var utbildningens längd, distributionsform, utbildningstakt, andelen obligatoriska kurser, förhållandet teori och praktik samt universitet och näringsliv, globalt eller nationellt perspektiv, lärandesituation, arbetsform samt kunskapsutfall. Representanter för olika aktörer fick sedan svara på frågor kring dessa; presumtiva studenter, studenter samt alumner i enkätform, medan näringsliv och lärarkollegiet (inklusive administratörer) gjorde detta i fokusgruppsform. Speciellt diskussionen med näringslivsrepresentanter visade på att man kan ha mycket olika sätt att se på utbildningsutformning, och diskussionen som fördes i båda fokusgrupperna gav en djupare förståelse för den aktuella utbildningen, vilka möjligheter den har, vilka områden som kan förbättras, och hur utbildningen bör utvecklas.

    Detta rundabordssamtal tar avstamp i studien och de resultat och erfarenheter som erhållits. Därefter kommer åhörargruppen att få fylla i samma frågemall som användes i studien och en diskussion kring utbildningsutformning hålls med grund i de svar som åhörarna noterat.

  • 30.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Impact of IT procurement on the quality of the maintenance process: results from a study in Swedish industry2012Ingår i: Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, ISSN 1355-2511, E-ISSN 1758-7832, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 196-215Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – IT investments in maintenance are of strategic importance, but it is hard to fit the IT systems to the business demands. One possible reason could be inadequate planning and execution of the procurement. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the IT procurement process within maintenance, and its impact on the quality of the maintenance process.

    Design/methodology/approach – The study is performed as a web-based questionnaire survey addressing maintenance managers in Swedish industry followed by five additional interviews.

    Findings – The decision to purchase IT is, to high extent, a maintenance internal matter and the purchases are often run in project form involving several working areas and the decision making is commonly based on the purchaser's own experience. The involvement of future users is frequent. Maintenance IT investments are seen as connected to real needs and beneficial for the maintenance.

    Practical implications – Highlighting the current practices within procurement helps practitioners to understand the process and thereby better prepare the purchasing of technology.

    Research limitations/implications – Systematic methods for the procurement of IT are used to a low extent, which implies a need for practical and easy tools within the area. In addition, the economic importance of IT investments should be further studied and tools for assessing the impact of the procurement should be developed.

    Originality/value – Papers dealing with maintenance IT procurement are scarce and do not cover the full procurement process, and no empirical studies within the area have been found.

  • 31.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    IT governance from the operational perspective: a study of IT governance strategies applied within maintenance management2018Ingår i: International Journal of Services Technology and Management, ISSN 1460-6720, E-ISSN 1741-525X, Vol. 24, nr 1-3, s. 263-288Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the existence and effects of different ITgovernance strategies on the operative level of manufacturing industries. Thestudy is based on a mixed research method including statistical analysisof questionnaire data and a qualitative analysis of interview material. Theoperational business unit that is being studied is maintenance and itsmanagement. Several types of IT governance strategies existed within thisbusiness unit according to the study, and the decentralised was the mostcommon. The different strategies had both a positive and negative impact onthe business unit, but the federal IT governance strategy seems to overcomesome of the problems in the others. The results indicate that there might beother characteristics worth testing than the ones used in this study, for instancethe size of the business unit.

  • 32.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    IT Practices within Maintenance from a Systems Perspective: Study of IT Utilisation within Firms in Sweden2013Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 768-791Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The aim with this paper is to describe current IT practices within maintenance in Swedish industry, and to outline the future possible developments. Design/methodology/approach – The study is performed as a web-based questionnaire survey consisting of 71 participants. A systems perspective is applied for capturing the most relevant aspects of IT utilisation. Findings – The IT practices are characterised by high use of business-specific IT solutions, low use of company-wide IT solutions, low IT intensity and the client-server architecture is dominating. The purchase decision and ownership of IT is to high extent tied to the maintenance function. Moreover, IT systems are apprehended as beneficial and connected to real needs. The findings imply a decentralised IT governance form and a mainly vertical (functional) IT support. Research limitations/implications – The socio-technical approach suggested in this paper helps us to identify which areas to study, and also shows the tight interrelationship between different factors, layers and systems. Practical implications – The study results could be used for benchmarking purposes or to highlight state-of-the-art of IT utilisation in maintenance, and thereby set the topic on the corporate agenda. Originality/value – Studies describing IT utilisation within maintenance in the form of case studies and surveys exist, but they mainly focus on one aspect. This study approached the problem from a socio-technical perspective, covering several aspects connected to IT utilisation.

  • 33.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    IT Procurement within Maintenance: Survey Results2010Ingår i: Proceedings of the 23rd Internatonal Congress on Condition Monitoring and Diagnostic Engineering Management (COMADEM), June 28-July 2, 2010, Nara, Japan / [ed] Susumuku Okumura et al., Japan: Sunrise Publishing Limited , 2010, s. 805-812Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the IT procurement process within maintenance. The study was performed as a web-based questionnaire survey addressing maintenance managers in Swedish industry. The results showed that the decision to purchase IT to high extent is an internal matter within the maintenance organization. The procurement often involves several working areas. Most common is to involve people from maintenance and IT. The purchase is often run in project form and the most common support for the decision making is a systematic evaluation methodology or purchaser’s own experience. A requirements investigation precedes the purchase in most cases, and the involvement of future users is frequent. Maintenance IT investments are seen as connected to real needs and beneficial for the maintenance by the respondents. Some areas of improvement and further research were found: Systematic methods for procurement of IT is used to low extent, which implies a need for practical and easy tools within the area. Furthermore, the decision is in 35% of the cases not made by maintenance, and about 15% of the procurement projects did not involve maintenance at all. This could lead to misfit of IT systems to the business needs.

  • 34.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Knowledge asset management in the maintenance context2013Ingår i: Congress Proceedings of COMADEM 2013, International Congress of Condition Monitoring and Diagnostics Engineering Management, Finland: KP media Oy , 2013, s. 9-16Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge could be viewed from two perspectives; the product perspective and the process perspective. Knowledge as a product will be represented in form of e.g. files, records and reports. Knowledge as a process emphasizes the creation of knowledge, which is supported by e.g. communication and collaboration. Both views are important for any business. The concept of knowledge asset management is a fusion of both perspectives. Knowledge asset management involves the identification and analysis of available, as well as required, knowledge assets and knowledge asset related processes. It also comprises the planning and control of the assets and the processes for achieving business goals.

     

    In this paper, we will discuss the maintenance process from the perspective of knowledge asset management. The important knowledge assets and processes are identified. Different  solutions for enabling effective knowledge management are thereafter discussed, with focus on available information and communication technology (ICT) for knowledge management and the current trends and developments in the ICT area, for instance in form of social networking and web 2.0.

  • 35.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Maintenance Knowledge Requirements for Engineering Education: A Curriculum for the Modern Engineer2019Ingår i: Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Maintenance Engineering (IncoME-IV 2019) / [ed] Jyoti K. Sinha, Manchester, UK: University of Manchester , 2019, s. 17-27Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes the curriculum content of modern engineering education and develops a curriculum that integrates maintenance related knowledge into the engineering curricula. The integrated curriculum serves as a guideline when integrating maintenance knowledge into engineering programs, in the form of lectures, student activities or modules in different courses, or as an independent course in maintenance technology and management.

  • 36.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Maturity based evaluation of IT systems for maintenance management2012Ingår i: International Journal of COMADEM, ISSN 1363-7681, Vol. 15, nr 4, s. 15-25Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that investments in IT have a positive correlation to company profitability and competitiveness. Even though, IT projects often fail to deliver the expected benefits. One reason could be the increased complexity both with respect to project organization and implemented IT solutions. E-maintenance is a concept developed for dealing with this complexity by securing effective information logistics for the maintenance. The quality of the implemented IT system is affected by the quality of the procurement, therefore is of importance to find means to reduce quality problems in the early phases of the total systems life cycle. This paper addresses how the IT maturity of the maintenance organization could be considered in the IT procurement, especially in the evaluation of candidate systems.  The proposed method tries to simplify the process by considering IT maturity as a means to define key requirements, and as a basis for evaluation.  A model describing three phases of IT maturity within maintenance (IT beginners, medium IT users and IT mature organizations) forms the theoretical basis, and IT functionality required for each level are specified. The applicability of the approach is tested by evaluating 24 IT systems for maintenance management. In conclusion, the method can be used for defining IT requirements in a holistic manner as a means to achieve effective information logistics. The IT maturity model could also help organizations in forming their IT strategy towards the e-maintenance concept.

  • 37.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. Systemekonomi.
    On the identification and utilisation of relevant data for applying cost-effective maintenance2005Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    With the global and continuously changing environment of today's companies, competitive strategies of cost minimisation and differentiation, and the ability to use the available resources in a cost-effective way have become important. The major focus should be set on the areas of business where the possibilities for strategic advantages and savings are high, whereas maintenance is one area of business that recently has been considered as an activity contributing efficiently to the companies' strategic objectives of profitability and competitiveness. To be able to effectively support the role of maintenance as a profit contributor and to communicate the strategic importance of maintenance to other areas within the companies, modern tools are needed in form of IT systems that provide the users with relevant data and decision support. The purpose of this thesis is to explore the history and current state of maintenance management IT support and to give suggestions of how IT for supporting the maintenance decision making process could be enhanced in the future. Two research questions are addressed: Do cur-rent maintenance management IT systems provide the basis for supporting the strategic decision making process at all levels of maintenance management? and In what way can IT systems used for maintenance purposes be improved in order to strengthen the role of maintenance as a profit generating activity?

    By literature surveys, case studies and artefact building, the author defines the state-of-the-art of maintenance management IT used in Swedish industry and suggests improvements for utilising IT for reaching cost-effective maintenance in form of database models and computerised decision support. The main results are 1) a model for identification of relevant data need for maintenance problem tracing and localisation and maintenance decision making, 2) a database model showing minimum relevant data need for maintenance decision making and 3) a conceptual maintenance decision support model that is based upon a holistic view on maintenance with regard to other business activities and translates tech-nical impact into financial terms. The thesis concludes that current maintenance management IT systems provide low support for strategic maintenance manage-ment. A small and flexible database integrating relevant data from different rele-vant working areas would enable the strategic maintenance decision making and by including functionality in maintenance management IT for positioning main-tenance with respect to companies’ overall business goals, the strategic impact of maintenance could be shown.

  • 38.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    On the utilisation of information technology for the management of profitable maintenance2008Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Maintenance is one area of business that recently has been considered as an activity contributing efficiently to the companies' strategic goals. Understanding the way maintenance could utilise modern technology such as computerised tools or digital data processing is one way to make maintenance profitable. Current research lack appropriate methods for determining data and IT requirements, as well as understanding the way IT could be utilised for enhancing maintenance profitability. This thesis studies and develops tools, methods and theories of how information technology can be utilised for maintenance management in order to reach profitable maintenance. The main research problem is therefore: What are the demands on information technology systems to achieve profitable maintenance? The main problem has been divided into three research questions: RQ1) What are the demands on data and information technology systems for strategic management of maintenance?, RQ2) How can we identify relevant data and information technology systems required to achieve cost-effective maintenance decisions? and RQ3) How can we describe the utilisation of information technology within maintenance?

    This thesis is based on a systems theory approach, where maintenance is not seen as an isolated activity, but something that interacts, affects and is affected by several other activities, such as production, logistic and quality. Several methods have been used for answering the research questions, but the theory-testing case study method dominates. Main results achieved in the thesis are models and theory for 1) creating a relevant set of data for cost-effective mainte-nance decisions, 2) monitoring the performance of maintenance, suggest invest-ment possibilities and show maintenance contribution on company strategic level, 3) identifying IT systems requirements demanded to achieve profitable maintenance and 4) assessing the IT maturity of a maintenance organisation for the effective utilisation of IT systems.

    As an illustrative example of computerised maintenance management demands a conceptual decision support model has been developed, which aims at filling the gaps of poor IT coverage for strategic maintenance decision-making. This thesis concludes that the demands of data and IT applications must be connected to the overall maintenance demands, which are reflected in the maintenance goals, purposes and strategy, in order to achieve profitable maintenance. Furthermore, structured methods that ensure the connection between maintenance business goals and data or IT demands are of importance. The ability to make use if IT within maintenance is reflected in the relative IT maturity of the maintenance organisation. Being able to define the IT maturity allows for choosing the most appropriate IT tool to invest in, so that current and future needs of IT support are also covered for with maximum benefit and minimum cost.

  • 39.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Project Management and Communication Skill's Development: Students' Perception on Their Learning2015Ingår i: Proceedings of the 11th International CDIO Conference, Chengdu, China, June 8-11 2015, Conceive Design Implement Operate, CDIO , 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    When a course has ended, the grades have been distributed, and the course evaluation is finished, one could still ask oneself if the course really gave something for the individual student. The final grade is a result of the assessment of the students’ skills in relation to stated learning outcomes according to the syllabus. But what if the students enter the course with different skills’ levels? If a specific student already possesses a certain amount of competence within an area, can he or she still learn something in a basic level course?

    In this paper we investigate the outcomes of a project management course in terms of syllabus fulfilment with regard to the students’ perception of increased learning. The course comprise theoretical as well as practical training in writing, study design and project management. The student group is heterogeneous and consists of national programme students as well as international exchange students representing a wide range of subjects, nations and previous study experiences. Therefore, even if the course formally is a first-year course, the real skills’ possession of the participating students varies a lot. This makes this course challenging to teach, and raises several questions: Do all students develop their individual skills during the course, disregarded of the skills level which they entered the course with? Are we focusing on the right set of skills, or are some skills more important to develop than other skills? How should we improve the design of the course to enable each individual student to develop their skills? The paper focuses on the first and second question, because understanding the problem is the first step in any improvement activities. This understanding could thereafter be used for improving the course syllabus in terms of contents, learning outcomes and activities.

    After a general discussion regarding personal and interpersonal skills’ development in higher education, findings from the course entitled Technical projects and report writing are presented. The course design and student characteristics are described and thereafter the work with assessment of skills’ development is described. We asked the students to state their skills level within x predefined areas connected to the course contents. In the end of the course, the students were asked to once again state their skills’ level. Results from the skills’ evaluation are presented and discussed, and conclusions regarding the possibilities to further improve the course design are drawn. The positive and negative aspects of homogenous student groups in project courses are also discussed.

  • 40.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design.
    The advancement of maintenance information technology: A literature review2009Ingår i: Journal of Quality in Maintenance Engineering, ISSN 1355-2511, E-ISSN 1758-7832, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 5-16Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – Maintenance management information technology (MMIT) systems have existed for some 40 years. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the advancement of these systems and compares the development of MMIT with other corporate information technology (IT) systems. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is a literature study of 97 scientific papers within the topic of MMIT in the period 1988 to 2003. Additional readings have been made in books covering MMIT. Findings – The paper finds that the focus of MMIT has changed in several aspects during the 40 years that have been investigated; from technology to use; from maintenance function to maintenance as an integrated part of the business; from supporting reactive maintenance to proactive maintenance; and from operative to strategic maintenance considerations. Advancements in MMIT have in general followed the development of corporate IT. Research limitations/implications – Further studies to cover application-specific development, for instance the use of decision support systems within maintenance management and to cover literature after 2003, are of interest. Practical implications – Knowledge about the development of MMIT adds to the understanding of today's computer applications for maintenance management, which is crucial for every maintenance manager using or purchasing MMIT. The findings could be used as a means to identify the future trends of MMIT, as well as possibilities and problems with the new technology, tools, techniques and methods. Originality/value – Papers dealing with the development of maintenance management IT are scarce and this paper represents the first full review of MMIT so far.

  • 41.
    Kans, Mirka
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Institutionen för teknik och design. maskinteknik.
    The Development of Computerized Maintenance Management Support2007Ingår i: International MultiConference of Engineers and Computer Scientists 2007, Hong Kong 21-23 March, Newswood Limited, IAENG, Hong Kong , 2007, s. 2113-2118Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Information technology (IT) is commonly used in all kinds of corporate activities today, but the level of computerization varies greatly between different departments within the company. The computerization in maintenance could for instance still be considered as low. Studying the history and development of maintenance management IT (MMIT) could give some understanding of the reasons for the low level of computerization in maintenance management and illustrate the state-of-the-art of MMIT. This paper explores the agenda of MMIT in scientific literature during the period 1988-2005. The results show changes in focus in different areas: from IT technology to IT use, from IT supporting reactive maintenance to IT supporting predictive maintenance concepts, and from operative considerations to strategic considerations.

  • 42.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    What Should We Teach?: A Study of Stakeholders’ Preceptions on Curriculum Content2016Ingår i: The 12th International CDIO Conference: Proceedings – Full papers / [ed] Jerker Björkqvist, Kristina Edström, Ronald J. Hugo, Juha Kontio, Janne Roslöf, Rick Sellens & Seppo Virtanen (eds.), Turku: Turku University of Applied Sciences , 2016, s. 266-278Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Bachelor of Engineering is a complex form of education; it has to meet the requirements of higher education in terms of academic stringency and scientific approaches, and at the same time fulfil the requirements of the companies and other takers on employability and professionalism. The aim of the CDIO initiative is to help educational institutions to fulfil the latter without losing the academic basis. Several studies have been made asking different actors to give their view on education and needed competencies, but these are often delimited to one or a couple of actors. One possible reason is the complexity of conducting such studies. This paper reports on a survey including program students, alumni and industry representatives and covers their perceptions of what is important to include in a Bachelor of Engineering program, and what is not. The methodological issues and choices as well as the main results are accounted for. The program in focus is a three-year Bachelor of Engineering in Forest and Wood Engineering taught at Linnaeus University, and the questions regarding content were based on the CDIO syllabus.

     

    Results show that there are some contents all three groups of actors regard as important; all found knowledge in forestry, material sciences and technology related to wood industry as important. Also, analytic and communication skills, and the ability to work in groups were seen as important. Understanding social and environmental conditions and enterprise and business terms was also necessary. Least important was the ability to communicate in foreign languages and knowledge regarding construction technology and deepened knowledge of forestry.

  • 43.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Campos, Jaime
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Salonen, Antti
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola.
    The Thinking Industry: An approach for Gaining Highest Advantage of Digitalisation within Maintenance2017Ingår i: Journal of Maintenance Engineering, Vol. 2, s. 147-158Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Digitizing is on top of many agendas as one solution to industrial problems and in realizing Industry 4.0. By digitizing production one can achieve process efficiency and flexibility as well as resource effectiveness throughout the whole life cycle. The smart factory of tomorrow is characterized by adaptive and self-regulating cyber-physical and real-time connected systems. However, without a clear purpose, and without taking advantage of all the intellectual as well as material resources in the industry, it will risk becoming a fad like many others. Smart IT solutions must be combined with smart people and a smart approach to digitizing. The focus should be on optimizing the maintenance throughout the asset lifetime and  on matching digitalization efforts with suitable maintenance strategies based on the needs of the operations. The basic idea behind the concept of “The thinking industry” is to see upon the future with a system’s perspective based on the motto “think hard, think right, think system(atically)”. This paper describes the concept of “The thinking industry” and how it supports the digitizing of maintenance. Moreover, a general work process is proposed and exemplified.

  • 44.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Ehsanifard, Keyvan
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Moniri, Ali
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för teknik, TEK.
    Criteria and model for assessing and improving information technology maturity within maintenance2012Ingår i: Journal of Physics, Conference Series, ISSN 1742-6588, E-ISSN 1742-6596, Vol. 364, artikel-id 012097Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Maintenance optimization and decision-making processes have been both influenced considerably by Information Technology (IT) developments mainly by increasing data availability. The decision-making process in its turn has affected systems trustworthiness positively. Therefore, theoretically speaking it could be said that Maintenance Management Information technology (MMIT) has the potential to provide applicable solutions for many of the maintenance management problems. Nevertheless, this potential has been hardly experienced in practice because of the mismatch between the level of IT maturity in the organizations and their selected MMIT solutions. To fill this gap this paper suggests a number of criteria which are crucial in decision making for selecting a MMIT application. The criteria are formed based on previous findings utilising an extensive literature review. A model is further developed for this purpose which is also tested on a case company active in power generation in Sweden. The model proved to be helpful when taking further improvement steps for reaching high utilization of IT in maintenance.

  • 45.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Galar, Diego
    Luleå University of Technology.
    The Impact of Maintenance 4.0 and Big Data Analytics within Strategic Asset Management2017Ingår i: MPMM 2016, Maintenance, Performance, Measurement & Management: conference proceedings / [ed] Diego Galar, Dammika Seneviratne, Luleå: Luleå University of Technology, 2017, s. 96-103Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The latest industrial revolution is manifested by smart and networking equipment. Realizing the full value of these machineries, and other business assets, has become increasingly important. Strategic asset management faces managerial, technical as well as methodological challenges, of which some could be reduced or overcome by applying technological solutions such as Internet of things, cloud computing, cyber-physical systems and big data analytics. This paper outlines the impact of the emerging technologies in the area of strategic management with special emphasis on the analytics as service provider for the maintenance functions.

  • 46.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Galar, Diego
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Thaduri, Adithya
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Maintenance 4.0 in Railway Transportation Industry2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2015) / [ed] Koskinen, KT; Kortelainen, H; Aaltonen, J; Uusitalo, T; Komonen, K; Mathew, J; Laitinen, J, Springer, 2016, s. 317-331Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Transportation systems are complex with respect to technology and operations with involvement in a wide range of human actors, organisations and technical solutions. For the operations and control of such complex environments, a viable solution is to apply intelligent computerised systems, such as computerised traffic control systems for coordinating airline transportation, or advanced monitoring and diagnostic systems in vehicles. Moreover, transportation assets cannot compromise the safety of the passengers by applying operation and maintenance activities.  Indeed safety becomes a more difficult goal to achieve using traditional maintenance strategies and computerised solutions come into the picture as the only option to deal with complex systems interacting among them trying to balance the growth in technical complexity together with stable and acceptable dependability indexes. Industry 4.0 is a term that describes the fourth generation of industrial activity which is enabled by smart systems and Internet-based solutions. Two of the characteristic features of Industry 4.0 are computerization by utilising cyber-physical systems and intelligent factories that are based on the concept of "internet of things". Maintenance is one of the application areas, referred to as maintenance 4.0, in form of self-learning and smart systems that predicts failure, makes diagnosis and triggers maintenance by making use of “internet of things”. This paper discusses the possibilities that lie within applying the maintenance 4.0 concept in the railway transportation industry and the positive effects on technology, organisation and operations from a systems perspective.

  • 47.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Analyzing the meaning of interdisciplinary in the CDIO context2016Ingår i: Proceedings of the 12th International CDIO Conference, Turku University of Applied Sciences,Turku, Finland, June 12-16, 2016. / [ed] Jerker Björkqvist, Kristina Edström, Ronald J. Hugo, Juha Kontio, Janne Roslöf, Rick Sellens, Seppo Virtanen, Turku: Turku University of Applied Sciences , 2016, s. 962-973Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies search for potential recruits with interdisciplinary skills. Consequently, to meet this requirement, universities and teaching institutions develop and offer interdisciplinary courses and programs. However, the meaning of interdisciplinarity varies between different actors. In order to be able to compare, monitor and evaluate concepts, it is important to ensure that the concept have the same meaning and content for all actors. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to describe the term interdisciplinarity and its application in higher education with specific focus on CDIO related literature. Moreover, dimensions of interdisciplinarity will be illustrated in an ongoing master program.

    This paper consists of two parts. The first part is a theoretical study conducted in order to describe the concept and illustrate the width of applications of interdisciplinarity in the CDIO context. For this purpose, the content of the CDIO knowledge library was surveyed using the following key words: inter*, cross*, trans*, interdisciplinary*, crossdisciplinary*, and transdisciplinary*. The second part is empirical in nature and describes an on-going interdisciplinary master program named “Innovation through Business, Engineering and Design” offered at the Linnaeus University, Sweden, as well as its dimensions of interdisciplinary.

    The CDIO approach advocates integrated learning experiences and the use of disciplinary competencies for solving interdisciplinary problems. This is reflected in the body of knowledge represented by the CDIO library: most of the articles reviewed in this study are describing interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary activities. The interaction could be between subjects, skills and courses within the discipline, i.e. in a cross-disciplinary or multidisciplinary mode, or between students representing different disciplines in multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary mode. Faculty staff acts as designers and enablers of these activities, both in terms of curriculum development on strategic level and activity creation and activity execution on the operational level. The practical example given in the paper illustrates the importance of an effective administration for succeeding with interdisciplinary activities.

  • 48.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnéuniversitetet, Ekonomihögskolan (FEH), Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Student perspectives on interdisciplinarity: findings from an interdisciplinary two-year master program2018Ingår i: Proceedings of the 14th International CDIO Conference: Kanazawa in Japan, June 28-July 02, 2018 / [ed] Casey Bean, Jens Bennedsen, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Röslof, Robert Songer & Tomohito Yamamoto (eds.), Kanazawa, Japan, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The business environment has changed significantly during the last decade; globalization and short innovation cycles have become every-day business. These changes have formed new conditions for the companies and organizations: few of the problems encountered can be answered within a single discipline. Hence in order to address contemporary problems, companies and organizations need to have labor and recruit students with interdisciplinary skills. Consequently higher education must correspond to the business world’s changing needs by providing interdisciplinary programs. The purpose of possessing interdisciplinary knowledge and skills is to have the ability to understand the origin and nature of related disciplines as well as to relate these to its own discipline. Interdisciplinary skills could be viewed as an intangible type of knowledge that needs to be taught by and learned at the university. By possessing interdisciplinary skills, the labor and students will have a holistic view as compared the view related to one single discipline. The challenge, for the universities, lies in teaching and to ensure that the students possess interdisciplinary knowledge and skills. This paper focuses on students’ perceptions of interdisciplinarity and where it is taught and learned in a two-year master program. The purpose is to identify and analyze students’ perceptions of learning interdisciplinarity in a two-year master program. This paper is based on focus groups and personal interviews with students enrolled in the interdisciplinary two-year master program named “Innovation through business, engineering and design” hosted by the Linnaeus University. The two-year master program aims to enroll about 30 students each year from the disciplinary areas of Business, Engineering and Design. The paper concludes that the students perceive interdisciplinary as challenging and that interdisciplinarity require disciplinary skills and competences as well as personal and interpersonal capabilities. The students’ perceptions of interdisciplinary learning appear to be in line with the notion that learning is primarily to see things from different perspectives. Interdisciplinarity appears first and foremost in team work and communication. Tendencies towards a modification of the disciplines were noticed by the authors, which might lead to new disciplines evolving, such as “innovation design” or “innovation engineering”.

  • 49.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Hailemariam, Matias
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Ablay, Talip
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Ingwald, Anders
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Maintenance Practices in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises2013Ingår i: Congress Proceedings of COMADEM 2013, International Congress of Condition Monitoring and Diagnostics Engineering Management, Finland: KP media Oy , 2013, s. 669-675Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Small and medium sized enterprises (SME) constitute approximately 70% of the gross national product and account for 80% of the global economic growth. SMEs could thus be seen as a driving force of economic growth. Maintenance management plays a critical role in enterprises’ strategic objectives and achieving the competitive advantages desired, and affects the enterprises’ internal effectiveness. To apply an efficient maintenance strategy is therefore of importance for SMEs as well as lager enterprises. As a prerequisite for improvement, one must understand the current situation. But few studies of the maintenance practices in SMEs have been carried out in the past. This paper combines findings from two studies of Swedish industry, one covering SMEs as well as large industries, and one covering only SMEs, in order to depict the current maintenance practices in Swedish SMEs.

     

    Results show that SMEs put most time on execution of maintenance and less on planning and following up and that personnel and spare parts bear the largest costs. The most common trigger of maintenance actions is reported problems, followed by original equipment manufacturer recommendations and sudden failures. Condition monitoring data and statistical analysis are less common triggers though. Quite surprising, the practices in SMEs did not differ that much from the ones in larger enterprises. Sudden failures were less common as trigger for larger companies, and they utilise condition monitoring to a higher extent. Moreover, some more time is allocated for planning in larger companies compared with SMEs. The spare parts cost forms a smaller part in the total budget for larger enterprises. It is concluded that SMEs and large industries have more in common with respect to maintenance practices than they differ.

  • 50.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Haralanova, Valentina
    University of Rousse, Bulgaria.
    Khoshaba, Samir
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för maskinteknik (MT).
    Interdisciplinary, International and Industial Cooperation Efforts within the Mechanical Engineering Department2014Ingår i: Proceeding of the 10th international CDIO Conference: Sharing Successful Engineering Education Experiences, CDIO , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation is a multi-faceted concept in higher education. It could denote the cooperation between industry and academia, enabling students to train problem solving in a real life context. It could also describe the internationalization efforts found in teachers’ and students’ exchange programs. Moreover, cooperation exists between disciplines in order to enable a holistic perspective on course contents. This paper describes experiences of teaching some courses where all these aspects of cooperation are utilized for reaching the best possible conditions for teaching. The courses are within Machine Design, Product Development, Project Management, and Degree Project, and are all taught in English and contain projects in cooperation with industries. These courses are dealing with different approaches to the industrial projects to give the students an overall view and understanding of the real engineering work. The practical work is in form of student driven industrial projects, where students from the Mechanical Engineering Department at Linnaeus University collaborate with international students. The industrial related projects results in valuable real life experiences. The background of students from different countries and experiences of international teachers enriches the teaching process and students’ teamwork activities. Another result is the valuable culture exchange between the students and teachers which gives skills for future engineers to work in the European or global labor market. The implementation of the courses is described with focus on how cooperation between industry and academia, as well as between different competences at Linnaeus University and the University of Rousse, Bulgaria are utilized for creating optimal learning conditions.

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