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  • 1.
    Eliasson, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Quality deficiencies regarding softwood in the pre-fabrication industry for single-family timber houses2012In: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, E-ISSN 1748-0280, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 53-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The members of the pre-fabricated single-family house industry perceive problems securing the quality of incoming material. Thus the implication is that they need to carry out a quality inspection and adjust the softwood timber as it arrives at their facilities in order to fit the production. Furthermore, due to the intense competition among companies in the pre-fabrication industry, there is a focus on reducing non-value-adding activities such as deficiencies. Consequently, the purpose of this study is to propose a number of propositions regarding quality deficiencies in softwood timber for the pre-fabrication of single-family houses. This study, conducted through interviews based on the theoretical aspects of properties, quality inspection and quality deficiency formulates seven fundamental propositions regarding quality deficiencies in this industry. The main differences among the companies studied are their purchased volume and extent of information and communication technology support in production. This fundamental description of quality deficiencies regarding softwood for the pre-fabrication of single-family houses will enable companies to focus on quality issues with their raw-material suppliers and thereby increase the competitiveness of softwood timber as a construction material in the industry.

  • 2.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Assessing work order information quality in harvesting2017In: Silva Fennica, ISSN 0037-5330, E-ISSN 2242-4075, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 1-18, article id 6989Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Being a logging contractor involves several uncertainties, amongst others, information quality in the work order received from customers. The information quality of work orders is of the utmost importance for logging contactors, in order to be able to plan and conduct work properly. The purpose of this paper is three-fold: 1) identifying work order information components in harvesting, 2) identifying work order information quality dimensions in harvesting and 3) assessing work order information quality in harvesting. The paper is based on interviews and a survey. Various interviews took place in Sweden with professionals within the harvesting industry as well as logging contractors, and thereafter a survey was developed. Random selection was conducted and 100 Swedish logging contractors were contacted by telephone in order to answer the survey, with a response rate of 82% from the sample. The paper concludes that the information quality dimension of accuracy concerns the individual work order information components, whereas timeliness is related to receiving the complete work orders. A factor analysis has been conducted with five factors emerging. The assessment of work order information quality in harvesting implies that the potential for improvement exists with regard to increasing the accuracy of the order information for the components of “Cleaning under story trees - not conducted” and “Cleaning under story trees - of low standard” as well as “landing size”, and “landing placement”. However, their effect on capacity is utilization needs to be explored.

  • 3.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Beyond reasoning: pitfalls when developing an interdisciplinary program2015In: Proceedings of Lärarlärdom: conference on higher education, Linnéuniversitetet , 2015, p. 26-44Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most modern companies are looking to hire graduates with interdisciplinary skills, so it is important for universities and teaching institutions to meet this demand by offering interdisciplinary courses and programs. IKEA is a major actor in the Swedish business environment and along with IKEA needs and the general development, Linnaeus University has developed an interdisciplinary program called “Innovation through business, design, and engineering” involving three faculties: the Faculty of Technology, the School of Business and Economics, and the Faculty of Arts and Humanities. For faculties developing interdisciplinary programs, additional resources are needed, making efficiency in the development process critically important. This paper reports on the development process of an interdisciplinary master’s program. The efficiency of program development can be improved through shared experiences, so the purpose of this paper is to identify pitfalls in the development process of an interdisciplinary program and suggest possible actions for their prevention.The paper is empirical in nature and data has been gathered through in-depth in-terviews with faculty members, external reviewer, and the IKEA co-workers in-volved. The focus was on the activities of the program development process: initiation, development of the program syllabus, and development of the course syllabus. In total, ten interviews were conducted (12 respondents participated). The study concludes the following pitfalls in the development process:

    • Unclear specification of assignment and missing requirement specification

    • Missing decision making mode

    l• Recruitment of faculty members

    • Missing upper management commitment

    The following actions for their prevention are suggested: clear specification of assignment and existing requirement specification, existing decision making model, appropriate recruitment faculty members, and presence of upper management commitment in all activities. Despite these pitfalls, identified in this paper, the program is in line with its original charter with about twenty students from the three facilities enrolled.

  • 4.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Changes in logistics service requirements: changes from 2006 to 20122013In: 25th NOFOMA Conference, International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management. / [ed] Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Technology Management and Economics, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate differences in logistic service requirements over time with regards to a commodity product.

    Design / methodology / approach

    This study is constituted by a follow-up study where one survey study (conducted in 2006) is followed up by a second survey study (conducted in 2012).

    Findings

    The study concludes that logistics service requirements, identified in the earlier study have developed differently. The study concludes that logistics service requirements considered as a delivery service increase in importance, whereas requirements considered as value-added to the physical flow decrease in importance. The low ranking of these requirements indicates that the relationship between the members in the distribution channel is not well developed and that advanced logistical solutions are not applied.

    Research limitations / implications

    This research is focused on logistics service requirements, aligned with a commodity product (softwood lumber). By knowing the logistics service requirements suppliers will be able to target the requirements that are actually important. Different logistics service requirements emerge continuously, as well as changes in their importance taking place continuously; hence additional future studies based on these defined logistics service requirements will be needed in order to validate the result.

    Practical implications

    A company’s logistics system creates time and place utility for its products. Hence knowing the customers’ logistic service requirements and understanding their development is of vital importance for suppliers of commodity products.

    What is original/value of paper

    This paper contributes to theory by demonstrating developments regarding logistics service requirements.

  • 5.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Classification of Logistics Service: Regarding softwood lumber2007In: The 19th Annual NOFOMA Conference, 7-8 June 2007 Reykjavik Iceland: Proceedings / [ed] Árni Halldórsson, Gunnar Stefánsson, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Logistics service requirements in the industry for producing pallet and pallet collars: identification and grouping of logistics service requirements2014In: Presented at Scandinavian Society of Forest Economics biennial scientific conference SSFE 2014, Uppsala, May 21–23, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In general, the sawmill industry perceives softwood lumber to be a commodity product and its individual actors’ traditional focus is on cost reduction. However, instead of focusing on cost reduction, focus ought to be drawn towards sawmills’ total offers in which service is particularly stressed. Therefore, knowledge of the individual logistics service requirements and their internal grouping is of vital importance in order to be able to handle groups rather than individual requirements, thereby keeping costs low. About 20 % of the produced softwood lumber is used for pallets and pallet collars. Producers of pallets and pallet collars thereby constitute important customers to the sawmill industry. Despite this, studies regarding the producers of pallets andpallet collars’ logistics service requirements are lacking. Hence the purpose of this paper is to identify and categorize logistics service requirements in the pallet and pallet collar industry. This paper identifies and categorizes the logistics service requirements demanded by sawmills; bylearning which those individual requirements are, then knowing how they could be categorized is essential for the sawmills’ business development.

    This study commences with an interview study aimed at identifying individual logistics service requirements. Thereafter a survey study is conducted in order to be able to categorize the individual logistics service requirements. The study concludes that logistic service requirements,such as delivery precision and goods wrapped in plastic, are important logistic servicerequirements; there appears to be a standardized set of logistic service requirements required by this category of customer. As this research is constituted by an interview study as well as by aquestionnaire study, it is not possible to identify the actual actions with regards to real trade-offs,made by the actors, which are made in business. Therefore additional studies need to be conducted with an in-depth case study approach.

  • 7.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Eliasson, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Product quality deficiencies in the prefabrication industry for single-family houses2014In: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, E-ISSN 1748-0280, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the industry for the prefabrication of single-family houses, previous research had indicated that individual companies have problems in securing the product quality of incoming softwood timber. This implies that they need to carry out a quality inspection and adjust the softwood timber when it arrives at their facility in order to fit their production. Opinions within the industry concerning product quality deficiencies differ with regard to the handling procedures and the percentage of perceived deficiencies. However, there are prefabricators of single-family houses that need to find additional areas for use for their purchased softwood timber, and spend several working hours on softwood timber to meet the quality criteria agreed upon. A previous study by Eliasson and Gustafsson puts forward a number of proposals regarding the quality deficiencies of softwood timber in this context. The present work transforms some of these proposals into hypotheses and aims at describing and understanding what affects the perception of product quality deficiencies. Questionnaires were used to collect data. The paper concludes that the purchase volume is indicated to be related to the volume portion of the deficiency in the product quality and that the level of information- and communication-technology support in production (i.e. the degree of automation) is indicated to be related to the inspection activity point. An extension of the proposed hypotheses concludes that the inspection activity point on arrival and/or on delivery into production also affects how companies do perceive product quality deficiencies. Research regarding what affects product quality deficiencies is lacking in recognizing and knowing what is aligned with the perception of product quality deficiencies; the individual companies will have an opportunity to affect and manage their appearance and thereby enhance the use of softwood timber.

  • 8.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Does quality matter?2016In: Implementation of wood science in woodworking sector: proceedings / [ed] Ivica Grbac, Zagreb: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Forestry , 2016, p. 263-270Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Quality assurance practices in the sawmill industry2014In: Abstracts SSFE 2014 / [ed] Anders Roos, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Salinas, Miguel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Design.
    Realization of a higher education interdisciplinary program2016In: Lärarlärdom 2016: Högskolan Kristianstad / [ed] Claes Dahlqvist, Stefan Larsson, Kristianstad University Press , 2016, p. 55-69Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For most companies and organizations there is a need to employ graduates with interdisciplinary skills. Hence it becomes important for universities and teaching institutions to graduate students with this knowledge. At the same time there is need for universities and teaching institutions to position itself in relation to its competitors. This is an apparent challenge for universities and teaching institutions, as developing and offering interdisciplinary programs requires them to break the normal traditional university structure involving different faculties applying different operating models. However, by succeeding with this, universities will create a competitive advantage over their competitors.

    At Linnaeus University, Sweden, an interdisciplinary program called Innovation through Business, Engineering and Design involving three faculties has been developed.  The program was initiated in 2011 and began in 2014 with 15 students. The program is dimensioned for about 30 students, ten from each faculty. This paper reports on the realization of the program and the resources needed to do this. Knowing the resource requirements is necessary in order to make correct decisions regarding program development and to avoid decisions on invalid grounds. Knowing the activities to be performed is an essential pre-requisite for resource planning. Consequently the purpose of this paper is to identify organization roles and activities as well as the resources required in order to realize an interdisciplinary program.

    The paper is empirical in nature and data has been collected using interactive research. Interactive research stresses the researchers (i.e. the authors) joint learning together with other members of the development group and the other actors involved. 

    The paper concludes that in order for a realization to take place organizational roles (such as project leader and product coordinators), and activities such as creating deliverable document and schedule are necessary. The differences between a single-disciplinary program and a multidisciplinary program lies rather in the complexity and time management of performing the activities needed then in the actual performing. There is primarily a need for human capital, as the suitable faculty members are needed, as well as there is a need financial capital.

  • 11.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Kans, Mirka
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Faculty experiences in interdisciplinary programs: opportunities and challenges2018In: Proceedings of the 14th International CDIO Conference: Kanazawa in Japan, June 28-July 02, 2018 / [ed] Casey Bean, Jens Bennedsen, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Röslof, Robert Songer & Tomohito Yamamoto (eds.), Kanazawa, Japan: Kanazawa Institute of Technology , 2018, article id 44Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in the business environment (such as shorter product lifecycles, globalization, and digitalization) while contributing to a sustainable development, have formed new conditions for companies and organizations. In this new situation, problems encountered cannot be answered within a single discipline. Interdisciplinary programs where students from different disciplines interact in learning and knowledge creation is a way to meet these changes in society. An interdisciplinary program also requires interaction on staff level: Meaningful collaboration brings together expertise from different disciplines so the fundamentals of a given discipline are clarified, and the connections to other disciplines are described, reaching a synergy effect by utilizing the strengths of each area. This, however, puts demands on the curriculum design and on the interaction of the teachers. This paper explores the teachers’ perspective of an interdisciplinary program at Linnaeus University. The program is a 2-year master program entitled “Innovation through business, engineering and design”, recruiting students from the engineering, business and design disciplines. The teaching staff represents different subject areas, and the teachers interact in an interdisciplinary mode in the first year, while the second year mainly contains disciplinary courses. In two focus group interviews, teachers were asked about opportunities and challenges in participating in the interdisciplinary program, as well as their view and how interdisciplinarity is considered in the program. The purpose of the paper is to identify how teachers perceive teaching in an interdisciplinary program as well as to distinguish perceived opportunities and challenges for teachers to participate in interdisciplinary programs. This paper concludes that teachers perceive interdisciplinary learning to take place in the project context, where students come from different disciplines work together to solve a complex real-life assignment. Moreover, the hindrances appear to outweigh the possibilities in participating in an interdisciplinary program. Amongst challenges the teachers perceive lack of resources, such as appropriate learning environments, required competence, and unclear decision channels.

  • 12.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Rask, Lars-Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Distribution Channel Structure and Integration: Contingency variables in the sawmill industry2010In: / [ed] Arlbjörn, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose; The purpose of this paper is to identify and characterize structures and integration levels of distribution channels in the sawmill industry, as well as to discuss these characteristics and their association with different contingency variables.

    Design / methodology / approach; Multiple case study

    Findings: There is a variety of distribution channel structures and levels of integration in the sawmill industry: one extreme is small, one-unit firms delivering ex-works to export agents with unintegrated distribution channel processes and the other extreme is large, multi-unit firms with network flow structures delivering from their own stock on a market to clients with integrated distribution channel processes By studying these contingency variables, a pattern of sawmill categories emerges; the first category, in which production is focused, are the small single sawmills (with a cost leadership or focus strategy) which aim to deliver their products to independent actors ex-works; the sawmills which comply to this category do not consider logistics or IT as important, neither do they take integration into consideration. The second category consists of larger multi-unit sawmills with a downstream focus, which strive to integrate and control the distribution channel (in the most extreme cases acquire strategic actors) in order to achieve stable presence on strategic markets. Sawmills included in this category regard logistics and IT as important.

    Research limitations / implications;

    This research is an exploratory pre-study based on five case studies implicating a limited possibility to draw general conclusions.

    Practical implications:

    This paper illustrates situations in which the distribution channel requires to be focused to higher degree which is important for strategic decisions for the actors in the industry.

    What is original/value of paper:

    This paper illustrates the variety of channel structures and integration levels within a single industry, and connects the variation with a number of contingency variables.

  • 13.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Rask, Lars-Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Proposing a Research Agenda for Swedish Sawmill Distribution Channel Challenges2010In: Presented at SSFE 2010 / [ed] Bo Jellesmark Thorsen, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose; The purpose of this study is to identify distribution channel research needs given the variety of distribution channel challenges among Swedish sawmill companies.

    Design / methodology / approach; Explorative case study research

    Findings: The paper proposes a typology of sawmill distribution channel challenges, as well as aligns research needs with distribution channel type. The typology is based on i) number of sawmill units within the firm, in combination with ii) distribution channel heterogeneity. Significant management decisions and research needs are identified for the different types.

    Research limitations / implications; This research makes tentative statements regarding typology of sawmill distribution channel challenges and potential research needs in the Swedish sawmill industry with regards to the respective typology. However, further research is needed in order to validate these results.

    What is original/value of paper: This paper focus on the sawmill industry distribution channels, which is a neglected but important area for sawmill’s competitive advantage. The paper also contributes to research by applying contingency theory and typology as an approach to deal with the variety of sawmills distribution channel challenges.

    Keywords; Typology, distribution channel challenges, research needs, and Swedish sawmill industry

  • 14.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Vessby, Johan
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Rask, Lars-Olof
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Erfarenheter av logistik- och montageprocessen vid byggandet av höga flerbostadshus med trästomme: Del 2 : Faktorer som påverkat tidseffektiviteten vid projekt Limologen, Växjö 20072008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport är den andra av tre avrapporteringar kring erfarenheter av att bygga höga flerbostadshus med trästomme. Forskningsprojektet har sin empiriska bas i Midroc´s bygge av fyra åttavåningars hus för bostadsrätter vid Trummens strand i Växjö.

    Data samlades in under 2007 och analys och diskussion är gjord på detta material. De problem och förbättringsbehov som identifierats hänför sig alltså till det system som användes under 2007 och som i huvudsak kommer att användas för de efterföljande byggnaderna i kvarteret Limnologen. Erfarenheterna som gjorts under byggtiden har lett till att leverantören för kommande byggprojekt vidareutvecklat byggsystemet främst avseende en högre prefabriceringsnivå och ett effektivare och flexiblare system för väderskydd och traverslyft.

    Projektet är en del av insatser från Nationella Träbyggstrategin och Centrum för Byggande och Boende med Trä (CBBT) för att öka kunskapen om modernt stort träbyggande.

    Projektet har finansierats av Nationella Träbyggstrategin, CBBT, Växjö universitet och SP Trätek.

  • 15.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Vessby, Johan
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Rask, Lars-Olof
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Science and Engineering, School of Engineering.
    Identification of potential improvement areas in industrial housing: A case study of waste2012In: Lean Construction Journal, ISSN 1555-1369, E-ISSN 1555-1369, p. 61-77Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Jarnerö, Kirsi
    et al.
    SP Sveriges Tekniska forskningsinstitut.
    Johan, Vessby
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Rask, Lars-Olof
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design.
    Erfarenheter av logistik- och montageprocessen vid byggande av höga flerbostadshus med trästomme: Del 1 : Probleminventering vid projekt Limnologen, Växjö, 20072008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport är den första av tre planerade avrapporteringar kring erfarenheter av att bygga höga flerbostadshus med trästomme. Forskningsprojektet har sin empiriska bas i Midroc´s bygge av fyra åttavåningars hus för bostadsrätter vid Trummens strand i Växjö.

    Projektet är en del av insatser från Nationella Träbyggstrategin och Centrum för Byggande och Boende med Trä (CBBT) för att öka kunskapen om modernt stort träbyggande.

    Projektet har finansierats av Nationella Träbyggstrategin, CBBT, Växjö universitet och SP Trätek.

  • 17.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Mathematics/Science/Technology, School of Technology and Design. Skog och Trä.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Improved Ecoeffectiveness of interior hardwood products in the house-building industry as a way to promote sustainable forestry2007In: Wood Material Science & Engineering, ISSN 1748-0272, E-ISSN 1748-0280, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 22-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sawn hardwood is required by the market to be homogeneous, even in texture and colour, but the products produced by Swedish hardwood sawmills exhibit a wide variation in characteristics. This makes it difficult for hardwood sawmills to find profitable markets for all their products. By developing new products with other properties for the building industry it may be possible to utilize hardwood more efficiently and increase the prices. This would result in higher ecoeffectiveness (defined as value in relation to environmental impact) of the forest-related business system by giving an incentive to grow deciduous forests, which leads to richer biological diversity. Diversity is fundamental to achieving sustainable forestry. At the same time, other less ecoefficient materials in buildings may be replaced. Exploring the requirements of the customers is essential before developing new products, in order to maximize the value of a product. In this study, the requirements of interior hardwood products in the Swedish house-building industry were studied in interviews and through questionnaires. The most important requirements, ranked higher than price, are delivery on time, shape stability, packaged products, rapid delivery and accurate moisture content. The results make it possible to focus on critical factors to gain market shares for hardwood as an ecoeffective building material.

  • 18.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Analyzing the meaning of interdisciplinary in the CDIO context2016In: Proceedings of the 12th International CDIO Conference, Turku University of Applied Sciences,Turku, Finland, June 12-16, 2016. / [ed] Jerker Björkqvist, Kristina Edström, Ronald J. Hugo, Juha Kontio, Janne Roslöf, Rick Sellens, Seppo Virtanen, Turku: Turku University of Applied Sciences , 2016, p. 962-973Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies search for potential recruits with interdisciplinary skills. Consequently, to meet this requirement, universities and teaching institutions develop and offer interdisciplinary courses and programs. However, the meaning of interdisciplinarity varies between different actors. In order to be able to compare, monitor and evaluate concepts, it is important to ensure that the concept have the same meaning and content for all actors. Hence, the purpose of this paper is to describe the term interdisciplinarity and its application in higher education with specific focus on CDIO related literature. Moreover, dimensions of interdisciplinarity will be illustrated in an ongoing master program.

    This paper consists of two parts. The first part is a theoretical study conducted in order to describe the concept and illustrate the width of applications of interdisciplinarity in the CDIO context. For this purpose, the content of the CDIO knowledge library was surveyed using the following key words: inter*, cross*, trans*, interdisciplinary*, crossdisciplinary*, and transdisciplinary*. The second part is empirical in nature and describes an on-going interdisciplinary master program named “Innovation through Business, Engineering and Design” offered at the Linnaeus University, Sweden, as well as its dimensions of interdisciplinary.

    The CDIO approach advocates integrated learning experiences and the use of disciplinary competencies for solving interdisciplinary problems. This is reflected in the body of knowledge represented by the CDIO library: most of the articles reviewed in this study are describing interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary activities. The interaction could be between subjects, skills and courses within the discipline, i.e. in a cross-disciplinary or multidisciplinary mode, or between students representing different disciplines in multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary or transdisciplinary mode. Faculty staff acts as designers and enablers of these activities, both in terms of curriculum development on strategic level and activity creation and activity execution on the operational level. The practical example given in the paper illustrates the importance of an effective administration for succeeding with interdisciplinary activities.

  • 19.
    Kans, Mirka
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Student perspectives on interdisciplinarity: findings from an interdisciplinary two-year master program2018In: Proceedings of the 14th International CDIO Conference: Kanazawa in Japan, June 28-July 02, 2018 / [ed] Casey Bean, Jens Bennedsen, Kristina Edström, Ron Hugo, Janne Röslof, Robert Songer & Tomohito Yamamoto (eds.), Kanazawa, Japan, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The business environment has changed significantly during the last decade; globalization and short innovation cycles have become every-day business. These changes have formed new conditions for the companies and organizations: few of the problems encountered can be answered within a single discipline. Hence in order to address contemporary problems, companies and organizations need to have labor and recruit students with interdisciplinary skills. Consequently higher education must correspond to the business world’s changing needs by providing interdisciplinary programs. The purpose of possessing interdisciplinary knowledge and skills is to have the ability to understand the origin and nature of related disciplines as well as to relate these to its own discipline. Interdisciplinary skills could be viewed as an intangible type of knowledge that needs to be taught by and learned at the university. By possessing interdisciplinary skills, the labor and students will have a holistic view as compared the view related to one single discipline. The challenge, for the universities, lies in teaching and to ensure that the students possess interdisciplinary knowledge and skills. This paper focuses on students’ perceptions of interdisciplinarity and where it is taught and learned in a two-year master program. The purpose is to identify and analyze students’ perceptions of learning interdisciplinarity in a two-year master program. This paper is based on focus groups and personal interviews with students enrolled in the interdisciplinary two-year master program named “Innovation through business, engineering and design” hosted by the Linnaeus University. The two-year master program aims to enroll about 30 students each year from the disciplinary areas of Business, Engineering and Design. The paper concludes that the students perceive interdisciplinary as challenging and that interdisciplinarity require disciplinary skills and competences as well as personal and interpersonal capabilities. The students’ perceptions of interdisciplinary learning appear to be in line with the notion that learning is primarily to see things from different perspectives. Interdisciplinarity appears first and foremost in team work and communication. Tendencies towards a modification of the disciplines were noticed by the authors, which might lead to new disciplines evolving, such as “innovation design” or “innovation engineering”.

  • 20.
    Schauerte, Tobias
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering.
    Johansson, Jimmy
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Department of Forestry and Wood Technology.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    From Customer Values to Production Requirements: Improving the Quality of Wooden Housing2013In: Pro Ligno, ISSN 1841-4737, E-ISSN 2069-7430, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 780-787Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The industry of wooden single-family houses in Sweden faces several challenges; both with regards to production but also with regards to the market conditions. In order to avoid uncontrolled price increases of wooden single-family houses, an act regulating the cash contribution when purchasing a house has been introduced. This has led to an increased focus of the house price as well as on the individual producers to control its processes and thereby its costs. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of existing research related to product and production developments related to the industry, identifying research gaps, and suggest research activities. This research has been carried out as a literature study focusing on these concepts. It concludes that existing research is fragmented and that the linkage between the consumer and the product is neglected as well as the holistic approach is missing in development activities. The authors propose that in order to study how the industry could come closer to their consumer markets and the aligned requirements as well as to facilitate product development, the Means-End Chain approach may be of use and that the approach could further be linked to Quality Function Deployment.

  • 21.
    Svenson Ülgen, Veronica
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Gustafsson, Åsa
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Management Accounting and Logistics.
    Critical factors for supplier development: a study of suppliers in the heavy vehicle industry2014In: Proceedings of the 26th conference of the Nordic Logistics Research Network - NOFOMA 2014: competitiveness through supply chain management and global logistics / [ed] Britta Gammelgaard, Günter Prockl, Aseem Kinra, Jesper Aastrup, Peter Holm Andreasen, Hans-Joachim Schramm, Juliana Hsuan, Malek Malouf, Andreas Wieland, Nordic Logistics Research Network, 2014, p. 379-393Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Research in the supplier development domain is primarily based on studies from the buyer perspective. This supplier development study has a qualitative approach focusing on the supplier perspective. The study aims to identify critical factors for the supplier development program from the supplier perspective.

    Design / methodology / approach

    In order to create understanding of factors critical for the supplier development program the Critical Incident Technique is applied, since it facilities in-depth explorative studies. The study involves three suppliers to one buyer in the Swedish heavy vehicle industry.  

    Findings

    The study concludes different critical factors influencing supplier development, such as formal structure of communication and competence level of those employed by the buyer. Further, suppliers stress their own proactivity as a critical factor.

    Research limitations / implications

    This explorative and primarily empirical study provides additional insights into the areas of critical factors for supplier development by focusing on the supplier perspective.

    Practical implications

    Supplier development is often enforced by the buyer and in order to succeed, knowledge and understanding of the critical factors from the supplier perspective are essential. This knowledge will allow the buyer to take these critical factors into consideration, will enhance the features and properties of the suppliers and increase the value creation for the end customer.

    What is original/value of paper

    This explorative study complements previous studies, as it focuses the supplier perspective from an empirical viewpoint

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