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  • 1.
    Althin, Rikard
    et al.
    EMQ, USA.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Färe, Rolf
    Department of Economics, Oregon State University.
    Grosskopf, Shawna
    Department of Economics, Oregon State University.
    Mellander, Erik
    IFAU.
    Swedish employment offices: A new model for evaluating effectiveness2010In: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 207, no 3, p. 1535-1544Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We measure how well Swedish employment offices perform in delivering the services required of them by the Swedish government. In contrast to earlier studies we use a dynamic efficiency framework, which allows us to better model the intertemporal nature of these services, explicitly allowing for placements of intermediate nature across periods. Rather than using second stage analysis to assess the effects of varying local labor market conditions and differences in client characteristics on performance, we include a measure of the office’s expected work load directly in the model. This measure, derived from duration analysis, is designed to capture the variation across offices in resources needed before an average individual can obtain employment. It is estimated from the characteristics of all unemployed individual and local labor market conditions.

    The empirical results demonstrate an increase in the office’s expected work loads over time and point to substantial differences in performance across offices. The results also point toward more than optimal placements in intermediate outputs such as non-matching jobs, training, and continued unemployment.

     

  • 2.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics. Nationalekonomi.
    Att byta land och landskap: En vänbok till Jan Ekberg2007Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Att studera Arbetsförmedlingens kostnadseffektivitet: working paper 2009:22009Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Idrottens ekonomiska samhällsnytta2012In: Är idrott nyttigt?: En antologi om idrott och samhällsnytta / [ed] Johan Hvenmark, Stockholm: SISU Idrottsböcker , 2012, 1, p. 226-257Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Låt inte det bästa bli det godas fiende : -om att utvärdera svensk arbetsmarknadspolitik2000In: Arbetsmarknad och Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 271-274Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The Economic Value of Elite Sports: The Case of Sweden2013In: Sports: Economic, Management, Marketing & Social Aspects AbstractsThirteenth Annual International Conference on Sports: Economic, Management, Marketing & Social Aspects8-11 July 2013, Athens, Greece Edited by Gregory T. Papanikos, Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER), 2013, p. 11-11Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about elite sports in Sweden. There are a lot of ways of studying the economic value of elite sports. In this article we use information from population data, club accounting and a questionnaire to get a picture of the economic values of elite sports. Our knowledge from earlier research concerning the economic value of elite sports is mainly based on US data. The Scandinavian model for sport is different from sports in the USA since the clubs are not owned by businesses and the goals are more or less “sport for all”. This paper tries to present a picture of the process of elite sports in countries there elite sports traditionally has been a mixture between professional and amateur. The results from willingness to pay analysis for the presence of elite sports in the actual county indicate values of 350 SEK (about 35 EURO) per year and person in Sweden. Another way of calculating the value of the elite teams is by estimating how many working hours people are prepared to devote to helping the club. If these hours are translated into economic values, it runs into between 3000 to 5000 SEK (about 300 to 500 EURO) per year and person, depending on location in Sweden.

  • 7.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    The Employment Service and Vacancy Durations2002In: Evaluation review, ISSN 0193-841X, E-ISSN 1552-3926, Vol. 26, no 6, p. 602-617Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the literature, there are few examples of studies analyzing the impact of labor market programs on vacancies. This article presents the results of a study of the impact of personnel increase at Swedish employment offices on vacancy durations. The evaluation method in the study is quasi-experimental. The main results of the study are as follows: (a) The increase of employment office staff members reduced their vacancy durations by approximately 2 days, and the probability that a vacancy is cancelled from the register is 1.17 times higher for the program offices; and (b) this effect is too small for the increase of staff members to represent a socially efficient use of resources and for a positive outcome in a public finance context.

  • 8.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    The value of elite sports: The case of SwedenManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about elite sports in Sweden. There are a lot of ways of studying the economic value of elite sports. In this article we use information from population data, club accounting and a questionnaire to get a picture of the economic values of elite sports. Our knowledge from earlier research concerning the economic value of elite sports is mainly based on US data. The Scandinavian model for sport is different from sports in the USA since the clubs are not owned by businesses and the goals are more or less “sport for all”. This paper tries to present a picture of the process of elite sports in countries there elite sports traditionally has been a mixture between professional and amateur. The results from willingness to pay analysis for the presence of elite sports in the actual county indicate values of 350 SEK (about 35 EURO) per year and person in Sweden. Another way of calculating the value of the elite teams is by estimating how many working hours people are prepared to devote to helping the club. If these hours are translated into economic values, it runs into between 3000 to 5000 SEK (about 300 to 500 EURO) per year and person, depending on location in Sweden

  • 9.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Who Gets the Job and Why?: An Explorative Study of Employers´Recruitment Behaviour2001In: Journal of Applied Economics, ISSN 1514-0326, Vol. IV, no 2, p. 255-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the literature of labor economics we find many examples of studies analyzing job seekers search behavior, but few examples of the corresponding analysis of the recruitment behavior of employers. This paper gives a picture of the recruitment behavior of Swedish employers. The analysis is based on about 800 telephone interviews with employers regarding the last person they had hired. This paper relates the lemon’s problem in Akerlof with the Spence signaling model, and then it proceeds to relate indices and signals to the hiring behavior of employers. Employers mainly recruit personnel in order to expand a certain activity of their firm. On an average the total recruitment process takes about a month. In first round employers mainly look for job seekers with good education and experience. During the job interview the employer search for persons with professional knowledge, personal engagement and social competence.

  • 10.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Ökar Kalmar FF den svenska välfärden: Elitidrottens ekonomiska värde2009In: Ekonomisk Debatt, ISSN 0345-2646, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 37-47Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Althin, Rikard
    A Technical Efficiency Analysis of Swedish Employment Offices1998In: Benchmarking Employment Performance and Labour Market Policies  / [ed] L. Tronti, Berlin: I.A.S. , 1998Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Althin, Rikard
    An Efficiency Analysis of Swedish Employment Offices2004In: International review of applied economics, ISSN 0269-2171, E-ISSN 1465-3486, Vol. 18, no 4, p. 471-482Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper the method–production frontier analysis is used to analyse differences in efficiency between different Swedish Employment Offices. Earlier empirical labour market policy evaluation studies have utilised various measures that, however, do not take into consideration differences between organisation units. The main result of this investigation is that employment offices show major differences in the efficiency with which they carry out their job matching services.

  • 13.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Althin, Rikard
    Efficiency and productivity of employment offices:: evidence from Sweden2005In: International journal of manpower, ISSN 0143-7720, E-ISSN 1758-6577, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 196-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This paper aims to measure the efficiency and productivity of Swedish employment offices.

    Design/methodology/approach – Using four inputs, five outputs, and two quality attributes the efficiency and productivity of 253 Swedish employment offices are evaluated using models of relative technical efficiency and Malmquist productivity indices. The results are computed as solutions to linear programming problems for the 1992-1995 periods.

    Findings – Results of the study find that the mean efficiency across offices varies between 74 and 78 percent. The mean productivity change demonstrates a decrease of 11 percent during the 1992-1993 period, and an increase of 7 and 13 percents during 1993-1994 and 1994-1995 respectively.

    Research limitations/implications – Different background characteristics of job seekers could possibly bias the result for some of the offices. Further research could use a dynamic model where different job seeker characteristics are taken into consideration.

    Practical implications – The paper provides an opportunity for inefficient/low productivity offices to study how offices identified as more efficient are producing their services.

    Originality/value – This paper demonstrates how efficiency and productivity could be measured in a multi-input, multi-output employment office service sector setting where quality aspects are allowed to play a part.

  • 14.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Althin, Rikard
    Finns det skillnader i effektivitet mellan de svenska arbetsförmedlingskontoren?1996In: Arbetsmarknad och Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 183-194Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Althin, Rikard
    Svar till Karl-Martin Sjöstarnds "Några kommentarer till Althin-Behrenz..."  1997In: Arbetsmarknad och Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 49-52Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Samordningsstöd till barn med funktionshinder: samhällsekonomiska och offentligfinansiella effekter2011Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Frödin, Olle
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Mathieu, Christopher
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Ottosson, Mikael
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Arbetsgivares perspektiv på subventionerade anställningar: en kartläggning2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Trots en kraftig ökning av antalet subventionerade anställningar från mitten av 2000-talet är det ett stort antal arbetsgivare som inte använder sig av lönesubventioner. Denna rapport har försökt att kartlägga och analysera arbetsgivares perspektiv på lönekostnadssubventioner. När det gäller analyser som berör de arbetsgivare som använt sig av lönesubventioner är den viktigaste förklaringsfaktorn att man använt sig av subventioner tidigare. Våra intervjuer visar också att de arbetsgivare som använder sig av lönesubventioner ofta har ett socialt ansvarstagande. Ett av huvudresultaten med följande studie är att 95 procent av de som använder sig av subventioner är nöjda. Omfattningen i pengar och personens kvalifikationer var mest avgörande för anställningsbeslutet. Av de som inte använt sig av lönesubventioner är det 20 procent som inte känt till att möjligheten finns. Intervjuer med arbetsgivare utan erfarenhet av att anställa med lönesubventioner visar att de är skeptiska att hitta lämplig personal genom att anställa med lönesubventioner. När vi ställer en hypotetisk fråga till samtliga arbetsgivare om vad som skulle kunna få dem att anställa med en subvention framkommer möjligheten att få pröva aktuell person som den klart viktigaste faktorn. Utifrån våra resultat föreslår vi bl.a. att Arbetsförmedlingen, i ett försöksupplägg, ska ges möjlighet att agera bemanningsföretag och vi föreslår också att man ska genomföra en omfattande informationskampanj till arbetsgivare.

  • 18.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Is starting a business a sustainable way out of unemployment?: treatment effects of the Swedish start-up subsidy2016In: Journal of Labor Research, ISSN 0195-3613, E-ISSN 1936-4768, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 389-411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we evaluate the Swedish self-employment start-up program based on a matching approach using data from administrative records. In addition to information of labor market history, traditional human capital and socio-economic variables, the data at hand also include information on the self-employment history of participants and nonparticipants as well as that of their parents. Our results indicate that the start-up subsidy program for unemployed persons is a successful program regarding the integration of the unemployed into the mainstream of the labor market. We find that, relative to members of control groups, participants, on average, have an increased probability of unsubsidized employment. Our analysis of different educational backgrounds presents the strongest employment effects for the low educated unemployed.

  • 19.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Making the business case for Public Employment Services: Cost-benefit analysis and productive efficiency analysis2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The PES EU2020 working group points in a briefing note (PES EU2020 no date A) to change processes in EU PESs called for by social evolutions. The note emphasises that public employment services’ operations will be massively and profoundly influenced by changes on both the supply and the demand side of the labour market and by such structural impediments as, for example, mismatch between labour demand and supply and low participation rates among vulnerable disadvantaged groups. Rapid and targeted mediation is considered to remain essential for PESs but it has to be combined with attention to provide transitions for individuals facing redundancy and career building. PESs should help job seekers adopt long-term career perspectives, stimulate them to enhance their competencies, give career guidance, give workers support to make smooth career transitions, as well as working with employers to ensure they meet their requirements and encourage and support them to provide career opportunities to more disadvantaged individuals.

    PESs have to develop their organisation and methods to efficiently and effectively respond to the changing needs in society and the labour market. Far-reaching changes in the tasks, organisational structures, and methods in PESs present corporate governance with great challenges—exacerbated by reduced budgetary resources. The pathway of change that has to be managed will be dotted with demands on decision-makers to choose between alternative courses of action. One of the main thrusts of this paper is to describe cost-benefit analysis, CBA, as a tool to assist decision-makers in choosing. CBA is a tool that judges alternatives in terms of their efficiency as regards the realisation of social objectives, which means that CBA allows policy makers to judge alternatives by their allocative efficiency. This requires taking into account the costs and benefits of the alternatives under consideration. The other main subject of the paper is about measuring productive efficiency which occurs when at a given cost the highest possible output of one service is produced, given the production level of other services. Such measurements make it possible to compare the productive efficiency of individual employment offices or to make comparisons in that respect between PESs in different countries. Therefore, measurements of productive efficiency can be the basis of actions to improve production and managerial processes. Examples of cost-benefit analyses of PES projects and productive efficiency analyses of PESs are given in the paper.

  • 20.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Start-up Subsidies in Sweden: Treatment, Deadweight and Direct Displacement Effects.2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we evaluate the Swedish self-employment program using data from administrative records about matched groups of program participants and nonparticipants. We find that participating in the program reduces the duration of unemployment and the risk for re-unemployment. The self-employment scheme is not found to result in a significant reduction of jobs elsewhere in the economy whereas the study estimates displacement effects in the order of 35 percent from the compound of other Swedish labor market programs. According to previous Swedish survey investigations self-reported deadweight in the self-employment scheme varies across studies from about 30 to about 45 percent.

  • 21.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    The Public Employment Service: A Survey of Cost-Benefit Analysis and Productive Efficiency Analysis Studies2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Public employment services’ operations will be massively and profoundly influenced by changes on both the supply and the demand side of the labour market and by such structural impediments as, for example, mismatch between labour demand and supply and low participation rates among vulnerable disadvantaged groups. Rapid and targeted mediation is considered to remain essential for PESs but it has to be combined with attention to provide transitions for individuals facing redundancy and career building. PESs should help job seekers adopt long-term career perspectives, stimulate them to enhance their competencies, give career guidance, give workers support to make smooth career transitions, as well as working with employers to ensure they meet their requirements and encourage and support them to provide career opportunities to more disadvantaged individuals. PESs have to develop their organisation and methods to efficiently and effectively respond to the changing needs in society and the labour market. Far-reaching changes in the tasks, organisational structures, and methods in PESs present corporate governance with great challenges—exacerbated by reduced budgetary resources. The pathway of change that has to be managed will be dotted with demands on decision-makers to choose between alternative courses of action. One of the main thrusts of this paper is to describe cost-benefit analysis, CBA, as a tool to assist decision-makers in choosing. CBA is a tool that judges alternatives in terms of their efficiency as regards the realisation of social objectives, which means that CBA allows policy makers to judge alternatives by their allocative efficiency. This requires taking into account the costs and benefits of the alternatives under consideration. The other main subject of the paper is about measuring productive efficiency which occurs when at a given cost the highest possible output of one service is produced, given the production level of other services. Such measurements make it possible to compare the productive efficiency of individual employment offices or to make comparisons in that respect between PESs in different countries. Therefore, measurements of productive efficiency can be the basis of actions to improve production and managerial processes. Examples of cost-benefit analyses of PES projects and productive efficiency analyses of PESs are given in the paper. The remainder of this paper is organised as follows: Section 1 opens with a brief sketch of changes in the governance in EU PESs during the last decades. This is followed by an accounting framework addressing both efficiency and distributional aspects of employment services. Section 2 begins with a condensed description of basic principles of cost-benefit analysis which is followed by a review of a number of economic analyses concerning employment services that have been carried out in EU countries. Section 3 is devoted to methods to measure the productive efficiency of individual employment offices and of the PES in one country in relation to productive efficiency of PESs in other countries. It starts with brief overviews of the theory of production and of methods to measure efficiency. Then it presents a review of previous studies and a description of the production of employment offices. This section concludes with the development of a benchmarking model for European employment offices. Section 4 provides concluding remarks.

  • 22.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Utvärdering av Almis företagsrådgivning: Utvärdering av rådgivningsverksamhet till etablerade företag2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta PM är en effektutvärdering av de rådgivningsinsatser som utfördes av Almis regionala bolag till etablerade företag under perioden 2005–2010. I detta PM används flera metoder för att skatta effekter och två olika mått på vad som anses vara rådgivning.

    Uppdraget

    Detta uppdrag är en effektutvärdering av rådgivningsinsatser i Almis regionala bolag under perioden 2005–2010. Syftet med studierna är att avgöra om etablerade företag som fått rådgivning via Almi har utvecklats bättre än företag som inte fått sådan rådgivning i termer av tillväxt i produktionsvärde, sysselsättning och överlevnad. Studien är en av flera underlagsrapporter i Tillväxtanalys pågående uppdrag att utvärdera den statligt finansierade företagsrådgivningen.

    Resultat och slutsatser

    Rådgivning definieras i rapporten på två olika sätt. I den första antas ett företag fått rådgivning av Almi om företaget gjort minst ett rådgivningsbesök. Det går att finna effekter på produktionsvärde respektive sysselsättning för enstaka år och för enstaka utfallsvariabler. För övriga år är effekterna lägre och inte statistiskt säkerställda. Storleken på de signifikanta effekterna ligger väl i linje med resultaten från tidigare utvärderingar. Företag som fått rådgivning via Almi har knappt två procents högre sannolikhet att överleva två år efter rådgivningen jämfört med företag som inte erhållit rådgivning.

    Den andra definitionen av rådgivning utgår ifrån att ett företag antas ha fått rådgivning om företaget gjort minst två rådgivningsbesök hos Almi. Den förändrade definitionen påverkar inte resultatet i någon större utsträckning. Inga effekter på någon av målvariablerna kan statistiskt säkerställas. När rådgivning definieras som minst två rådgivningsbesök finns inte heller någon statistiskt säkerhetsställd effekt på företags överlevnad.

    Sammantaget drar vi slutsatsen att det inte går att statistiskt säkerställda några effekter av Almis företagsrådgivning på tillväxt, lönsamhet eller överlevnad.

    Framtida undersökningar/Fortsatt lärande

    Det finns således betydande svagheter i det datamaterial Tillväxtanalys har getts tillgång till och som ligger till grund för effektutvärderingen. Inte minst finns ett stort bortfall avseende vilka företag som deltagit i företagsrådgivning. Innan man gör ett nytt försök att effektutvärdera verksamheten är det viktigt att förbättra uppföljningen, så att det i större utsträckning är möjligt att identifiera vilka företag som tagit del av rådgivning.

  • 23.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Nyberg, Erik
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Platsförmedling för arbetslösa invandrare: utvärdering av ett försök med samverkan mellan bemanningsföretag och arbetsförmedling2002In: Arbetsmarknad och Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 273-286Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Niklasson, Harald
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Can Sweden´s Rhen-Meidner model be put back on its feet?2002In: Labour Markets, Gender and Institutional Change / [ed] Hugh Mosley, Jacqueline O´Reilly and Klaus Schömann, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2002, p. 36-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Delander, Lennart
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Niklasson, Harald
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Towards an intensified local level cooperation in the design and implementation of labour market policies: The evaluation of Swedish reforms2001In: Labour Market Policy and Unemployment  : Impact and Process Evaluations in Selected European Countries / [ed] Jaap de Koning and Hugh Mosley, Edward Elgar , 2001, p. 256-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Arbetsinkomster bland andra generationens invandrare2002In: Arbetsmarknad och Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 81-93Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Utvärdering av nystartsjobb i Växjö kommun: slutrapport2014Report (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Hammarstedt, Mats
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Månsson, Jonas
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Second-generation immigrants in the Swedish labour market2007In: International Review of Applied Economics, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 157-174Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Behrenz, Lars
    et al.
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics. Nationalekonomi.
    Lundgren, StefanEdquist, HaraldFlood, Lennart
    Vägar till full sysselsättning2008Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Karlsson, Peter S.
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Behrenz, Lars
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics.
    Shukur, Ghazi
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Economics and Statistics. Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Performances of model selection criteria when variables are ill conditioned2019In: Computational Economics, ISSN 0927-7099, E-ISSN 1572-9974, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 77-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Model selection criteria are often used to find a "proper" model for the data under investigation when building models in cases in which the dependent or explained variables are assumed to be functions of several independent or explanatory variables. For this purpose, researchers have suggested using a large number of such criteria. These criteria have been shown to act differently, under the same or different conditions, when trying to select the "correct" number of explanatory variables to be included in a given model; this, unfortunately, leads to severe problems and confusion for researchers. In this paper, using Monte Carlo methods, we investigate the properties of four of the most common criteria under a number of realistic situations. These criteria are the adjusted coefficient of determination (R2-adj), Akaike's information criterion (AIC), the Hannan–Quinn information criterion (HQC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC). The results from this investigation indicate that the HQC outperforms the BIC, the AIC and the R2-adj under specific circumstances. None of them perform satisfactorily, however, when the degree of multicollinearity is high, the sample sizes are small or when the fit of the model is poor (i.e., there is a low R2) . In the presence of all these factors, the criteria perform very badly and are not very useful. In these cases, the criteria are often not able to select the true model.

  • 31.
    Norgren, Claes
    et al.
    Swedish National Audit Office.
    Johnreden, Ann-Christin
    Swedish National Audit Office.
    Johansson, Mats
    Swedish National Audit Office.
    Lundin, Christofer
    Swedish National Audit Office.
    Gustafsson, Charlotta
    Swedish National Audit Office.
    Delander, Lennart (Contributor)
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Månsson, Jonas (Contributor)
    Växjö University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, School of Management and Economics.
    Stöd till start av näringsverksamhet: ett framgångsrikt program2008Report (Other academic)
1 - 31 of 31
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