lnu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1 - 12 av 12
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DM), Institutionen för datavetenskap (DV).
    Decision Algebra: A General Approach to Learning and Using Classifiers2015Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Processing decision information is a vital part of Computer Science fields in which pattern recognition problems arise. Decision information can be generalized as alternative decisions (or classes), attributes and attribute values, which are the basis for classification. Different classification approaches exist, such as decision trees, decision tables and Naïve Bayesian classifiers, which capture and manipulate decision information in order to construct a specific decision model (or classifier). These approaches are often tightly coupled to learning strategies, special data structures and the special characteristics of the decision information captured, etc. The approaches are also connected to the way of how certain problems are addressed, e.g., memory consumption, low accuracy, etc. This situation causes problems for a simple choice, comparison, combination and manipulation of different decision models learned over the same or different samples of decision information. The choice and comparison of decision models are not merely the choice of a model with a higher prediction accuracy and a comparison of prediction accuracies, respectively. We also need to take into account that a decision model, when used in a certain application, often has an impact on the application's performance. Often, the combination and manipulation of different decision models are implementation- or application-specific, thus, lacking the generality that leads to the construction of decision models with combined or modified decision information. They also become difficult to transfer from one application domain to another. In order to unify different approaches, we define Decision Algebra, a theoretical framework that presents decision models as higher order decision functions that abstract from their implementation details. Decision Algebra defines the operations necessary to decide, combine, approximate, and manipulate decision functions along with operation signatures and general algebraic laws. Due to its algebraic completeness (i.e., a complete algebraic semantics of operations and its implementation efficiency), defining and developing decision models is simple as such instances require implementing just one core operation based on which other operations can be derived. Another advantage of Decision Algebra is composability: it allows for combination of decision models constructed using different approaches. The accuracy and learning convergence properties of the combined model can be proven regardless of the actual approach. In addition, the applications that process decision information can be defined using Decision Algebra regardless of the different classification approaches. For example, we use Decision Algebra in a context-aware composition domain, where we showed that context-aware applications improve performance when using Decision Algebra. In addition, we suggest an approach to integrate this context-aware component into legacy applications.

  • 2.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Decisions: Algebra and Implementation2011Licentiatavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Processing decision information is a constitutive part in a number of applicationsin Computer Science fields. In general, decision information can be used to deduce the relationship between a certain context and a certain decision. Decision information is represented by a decision model that captures this information. Frequently used examples of decision models are decision tables and decision trees. The choice of an appropriate decision model has an impact on application performance in terms of memory consumption and execution time. High memory expenses can possibly occur due to redundancy in a decision model; and high execution time is often a consequence of an unsuitable decision model.

    Applications in different domains try to overcome these problems by introducing new data structures or algorithms for implementing decision models. These solutions are usually domain-specificand hard to transfer from one domain to another. Different application domains of Computer Science often process decision information in a similar way and, hence, have similar problems. We should thus be able to present a unifying approach that can be applicable in all application domains for capturing and manipulating decision information. Therefore, the goal of this thesis is (i) to suggest a general structure(Decision Algebra) which provides a common theoretical framework that captures decision information and defines operations (signatures) for storing, accessing, merging, approximating, and manipulating such information along with some general algebraic laws regardless of the used implementation. Our Decision Algebra allows defining different construction strategiesfor decision models and data structures that capture decision information as implementation variants, and it simplifies experimental comparisons between them.

    Additionally, this thesis presents (ii) an implementation of Decision Algebra capturing the information in a non-redundant way and performing the operations efficiently. In fact, we show that existing decision models that originated in the field of Data Mining and Machine Learning and variants thereof as exploited in special algorithms can be understood as alternative implementation variants of the Decision Algebra by varying the implementations of the Decision Algebra operations. Hence, this work (iii) will contribute to a classification of existing technology for processing decision information in different application domains of Computer Science.

  • 3.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Kessler, Christoph
    Linköping University, Department for Computer and Information Science .
    Löwe, Welf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Comparing Machine Learning Approaches for Context-Aware Composition2011Ingår i: Software Composition: 10th International Conference, SC 2011, Zurich, Switzerland, June 30 - July 1, 2011, Proceedings / [ed] Sven Apel, Ethan Jackson, Berlin: Springer, 2011, Vol. 6708, s. 18-33Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Context-Aware Composition allows to automatically select optimal variants of algorithms, data-structures, and schedules at runtime using generalized dynamic Dispatch Tables. These tables grow exponentially with the number of significant context attributes. To make Context-Aware Composition scale, we suggest four alternative implementations to Dispatch Tables, all well-known in the field of machine learning: Decision Trees, Decision Diagrams, Naive Bayes and Support Vector Machines classifiers. We assess their decision overhead and memory consumption theoretically and practically in a number of experiments on different hardware platforms. Decision Diagrams turn out to be more compact compared to Dispatch Tables, almost as accurate, and faster in decision making. Using Decision Diagrams in Context-Aware Composition leads to a better scalability, i.e., Context-Aware Composition can be applied at more program points and regard more context attributes than before.

  • 4.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Löwe, Welf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Decisions: Algebra and Implementation2011Ingår i: Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 7th International Conference on Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition, MLDM 2011, New York, NY, USA, August/September 2011, Proceedings / [ed] Perner, Petra, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011, Vol. 6871, s. 31-45Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a generalized theory for capturing and manipulating classification information. We define decision algebra which models decision-based classifiers as higher order decision functions abstracting from implementations using decision trees (or similar), decision rules, and decision tables. As a proof of the decision algebra concept we compare decision trees with decision graphs, yet another instantiation of the proposed theoretical framework, which implement the decision algebra operations efficiently and capture classification information in a non-redundant way. Compared to classical decision tree implementations, decision graphs gain learning and classification speed up to 20% without accuracy loss and reduce memory consumption by 44%. This is confirmed by experiments.

  • 5.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap (DV).
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap (DV).
    Löwe, Welf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap (DV).
    Decisions: Algebra, Implementation, and First Experiments2014Ingår i: Journal of universal computer science (Online), ISSN 0948-695X, E-ISSN 0948-6968, Vol. 20, nr 9, s. 1174-1231Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Classification is a constitutive part in many different fields of Computer Science. There exist several approaches that capture and manipulate classification information in order to construct a specific classification model. These approaches are often tightly coupled to certain learning strategies, special data structures for capturing the models, and to how common problems, e.g. fragmentation, replication and model overfitting, are addressed. In order to unify these different classification approaches, we define a Decision Algebra which defines models for classification as higher order decision functions abstracting from their implementations using decision trees (or similar), decision rules, decision tables, etc. Decision Algebra defines operations for learning, applying, storing, merging, approximating, and manipulating models for classification, along with some general algebraic laws regardless of the implementation used. The Decision Algebra abstraction has several advantages. First, several useful Decision Algebra operations (e.g., learning and deciding) can be derived based on the implementation of a few core operations (including merging and approximating). Second, applications using classification can be defined regardless of the different approaches. Third, certain properties of Decision Algebra operations can be proved regardless of the actual implementation. For instance, we show that the merger of a series of probably accurate decision functions is even more accurate, which can be exploited for efficient and general online learning. As a proof of the Decision Algebra concept, we compare decision trees with decision graphs, an efficient implementation of the Decision Algebra core operations, which capture classification models in a non-redundant way. Compared to classical decision tree implementations, decision graphs are 20% faster in learning and classification without accuracy loss and reduce memory consumption by 44%. This is the result of experiments on a number of standard benchmark data sets comparing accuracy, access time, and size of decision graphs and trees as constructed by the standard C4.5 algorithm. Finally, in order to test our hypothesis about increased accuracy when merging decision functions, we merged a series of decision graphs constructed over the data sets. The result shows that on each step the accuracy of the merged decision graph increases with the final accuracy growth of up to 16%.

  • 6.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Löwe, Welf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Adaptation of Legacy Codes to Context-Aware Composition Using Aspect-Oriented Programming2012Ingår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 7306, s. 68-85Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The context-aware composition approach (CAC) has shown to improve the performance of object-oriented applications on modern multi-core hardware by selecting between different (sequential and parallel) component variants in different (call and hardware) contexts. However, introducing CAC in legacy applications can be time-consuming and requires quite some effort for changing and adapting the existing code.We observe that CAC-concerns, like offline component variant profiling and runtime selection of the champion variant, can be separated from the legacy application code. We suggest separating and reusing these CAC concerns when introducing CAC to different legacy applications.

    For automating this process, we propose an approach based on Aspect-Oriented Programming (AOP) and Reflective Programming. It shows that manual adaptation to CAC requires more programming than the AOP-based approach; almost three times in our experiments. Moreover, the AOP-based approach speeds up the execution time of the legacy code, in our experiments by factors of up to 2.3 and 3.4 on multi-core machines with two and eight cores, respectively. The AOP based approach only introduces a small runtime overhead compared to the manually optimized CAC approach. For different problems, this overhead is about 2-9% of the manual adaptation approach. These results suggest that AOP-based adaptation can effectively adapt legacy applications to CAC which makes them running efficiently even on multi-core machines.

  • 7.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Löwe, Welf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Context-Aware Recommender Systems for Non-functional Requirements2012Ingår i: Third International Workshop on Recommendation Systems for Software Engineering (RSSE 2012), 2012, s. 80-84Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    For large software projects, system designers have to adhere to a significant number of functional and non-functional requirements, which makes software development a complex engineering task. If these requirements change during the development process, complexity even increases. In this paper, we suggest recommendation systems based on context-aware composition to enable a system designer to postpone and automate decisions regarding efficiency non-functional requirements, such as performance, and focus on the design of the core functionality of the system instead.

    Context-aware composition suggests the optimal component variants of a system for different static contexts (e.g., software and hardware environment) or even different dynamic contexts (e.g., actual parameters and resource utilization). Thus, an efficiency non-functional requirement can be automatically optimized statically or dynamically by providing possible component variants. Such a recommender system reduces time and effort spent on manually developing optimal applications that adapts to different (static or dynamic) contexts and even changes thereof.

  • 8.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap (DV).
    Löwe, Welf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för datavetenskap (DV).
    Merging Classifiers of Different Classification Approaches2014Ingår i: 2014 IEEE International Conference on Data Mining Workshop (ICDMW), IEEE Press, 2014, s. 706-715Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Classification approaches, e.g. Decision trees or Naive Bayesian classifiers, are often tightly coupled to learning strategies, special data structures, the type of information captured, and to how common problems, e.g. Over fitting, are addressed. This prevents a simple combination of classifiers of differentclassification approaches learned over different data sets. Many different methods of combiningclassification models have been proposed. However, most of them are based on a combination of the actual result of classification rather then producing a new, possibly more accurate, classifier capturing the combined classification information. In this paper we propose a new general approach to combiningdifferent classification models based on a concept of Decision Algebra which provides a unified formalization of classification approaches as higher order decision functions. It defines a general combining operation, referred to as merge operation, abstracting from implementation details of differentclassifiers. We show that the combination of a series of probably accurate decision functions (regardless of the actual implementation) is even more accurate. This can be exploited, e.g., For distributed learning and for efficient general online learning. We support our results by combining a series of decision graphs and Naive Bayesian classifiers learned from random samples of the data sets. The result shows that on each step the accuracy of the combined classifier increases, with a total accuracy growth of up to 17%.

  • 9.
    Danylenko, Antonina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Zimmermann, Wolf
    Martin-Luther-Universität Halle Wittenberg, Institut für Informatik.
    Löwe, Welf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Decision Algebra: Parameterized Specification of Decision Models2012Ingår i: WADT 2012: 21st International Workshop on Algebraic Development Techniques, 7-10 June, 2012, Salamanca, Spain ; Technical report TR-08/12 / [ed] Narsio Martí-Oliet, Miguel Palomino, 2012, s. 40-43Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 10.
    Gutzmann, Tobias
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Khairova, Antonina
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Löwe, Welf
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Towards Comparing and Combining Points-to Analyses2009Ingår i: Ninth IEEE International Working Conference on Source Code Analysis and Manipulation (SCAM 2009), IEEE, 2009, s. 45-54Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Points-to information is the basis for many analyses and transformations, e.g., for program understanding and optimization. To justify new analysis techniques, they need to be compared to the state of the art regarding their accuracy and efficiency. Usually, benchmark suites are used to experimentally compare the different techniques. In this paper, we show that the accuracy of two analyses can only be compared in restricted cases, as there is no benchmark suite with exact Points-to information, no Gold Standard, and it is hard to construct one for realistic programs. We discuss the challenges and possible traps that may arise when comparing different Points-to analyses directly with each other, and with over- and under-approximations of a Gold Standard. Moreover, we discuss how different Points-to analyses can be combined to a more precise one. We complement the paper with experiments comparing and combining different static and dynamic Points-to analyses.

  • 11.
    Khairova, Antonina
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Fakulteten för matematik/naturvetenskap/teknik, Matematiska och systemtekniska institutionen.
    Filatov, Valentin
    Ukraine, Kharkiv National University of Radioelectronics, Faculty of Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence Department.
    Shcherbak, Sergey
    Ukraine, Kharkiv National University of Radioelectronics, Faculty of Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence Department.
    Developing Of High-Performance Technologies For Creating And Supporting Web Ontologies2007Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of Young Scientists: CSE-2007 / [ed] Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine: Publishing House of Lviv Polytechnic National University , 2007, s. 37-41Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of the article is examination of storing large and stable ontologies in the spatial database, and also development of information storage and retrieval system of construction and supporting ontologies. The article describes the method of storage large and stable ontologies with using systems of management of spatial data.

  • 12.
    Khairova, Antonina
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Löwe, Welf
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Lundberg, Jonas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Decision algebras. Capturing and manipulating decision information: Doctoral Forum poster2010Övrigt (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
1 - 12 av 12
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf