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  • 1.
    Carlsson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Fredrik, Linander
    Örebro University;Saab Dynamics AB.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK). Örebro University.
    A Conceptual Framework for Time Distortion Analysis in Method Components2014Inngår i: Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 15th International Conference, BPMDS 2014, 19th International Conference, EMMSAD 2014, Held at CAiSE 2014, Thessaloniki, Greece, June 16-17, 2014. Proceedings, Springer, 2014, Vol. 175, s. 454-463Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The “software crisis” is still a prevailing problem to many organizations despite existence of advanced systems engineering methods, techniques for project planning and method engineering; systems engineering project still struggle to deliver on time and budget, and with sufficient quality. Existing research stresses that time leakage has a lever effect on economic outcome, which is not addressed in the abovementioned approaches. As part of an on-going research project we therefore extend existing method engineering concept to include time distortion analysis. This allows for analysis of resource use (productivity) in execution of method components. It has the potential to act as a) a tool for improving the execution of systems engineering processes, or b) criteria for selecting method parts to improve the systems engineering processes.

  • 2.
    Haftor, Darek
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    The Time according to Taylor and Fayol: a hampering heresy in information society2015Inngår i: Presented at IAREP – SABE Joint Conference. Sibiu, Romania, September 3 – 6, 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Hilty, Lorenz
    et al.
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Köhler, Andreas
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Zah, Rainer
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Ruddy, T
    Technology and Society Laboratory, Switzerland.
    Rebound Effects of Progress in Information Technology2006Inngår i: Poiesis & Praxis, ISSN 1615-6609, E-ISSN 1615-6617, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 19-38Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Hilty, Lorenz M.
    et al.
    Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Switzerland.
    Köhler, Andreas
    Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Switzerland.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Switzerland.
    Zah, Rainer
    Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and Research, Switzerland.
    Working slower with more powerful computers2005Inngår i: ERCIM News, ISSN 0926-4981, E-ISSN 1564-0094, Vol. 62, s. 58-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 5. Ohlsson, Kjell
    et al.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    El impacto del agotamiento en los resultados económicos: [ The impact of stress on the economic outcome ]2003Inngår i: C&D, Conocimiento & Direccion, Publicacion para la Gestion del Capital Humane, ISSN 1515-503XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6. Ohlsson, Kjell
    et al.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Relatividad economica del tiempo – el fracaso lógico de la economía en la sociedad de servicios: [ Economic time relativity – the logical failure of economy in service society ]2003Inngår i: C&D, Conocimiento & Direccion, Publicacion para la Gestion del Capital Humane, ISSN 1515-503XArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7. Ohlsson, Kjell
    et al.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Rusets och bakrusets effekter på körprestation. Slutrapport.2011Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Pashkevich, Natallia
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Complementarities Matter: a Search for Patterns of Effective IT-use at the Individual Level2014Inngår i: Book of Abstracts 10th Asia Pacific Productivity Conference, 2014, University of Queensland , 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This work presents research in progress in terms of a conceptual model for the understanding of IT-driven productivity at the individual level. The existence of the IT productivity paradox at different economic levels had been a concern for many IS researchers. Since evidence demonstrates that IT, in fact, increases productivity at the macro-, meso- and micro- level, current research attention shifted to the individual and task level of IT-driven productivity. In this regard, recent studies have applied different theoretical foundations to investigate the relationship between IT-use and performance effect at the individual level in post adoption contexts. Since the last decade, the idea that there is a need for a set of organizational factors to be changed in a synchronized fashion, when introducing new IT, has received a particular attention from researchers (e.g. Bartel et al., 2007; Tambe et al., 2012; Aral et al., 2012; Brynjolfsson & Milgrom, 2012). These studies have addressed the need for the joint adaptation of IT-use and innovative human resource management practices to enhance productivity gains at the firm, establishment and business unit performance levels. To investigate these proposals, we have designed a new research model aimed to research productivity growth when IT is deployed, jointly and in a synchronized manner, with both individual capital and organizational capital factors, at the individual level. The latter’s aims to advance further our understanding of the underlying mechanisms of information worker productivity at the individual level. An understanding of the patterns of effective IT-use together with other factors may help determine where research and managerial efforts have to be concentrated in order to enhance individual productivity of information workers. Key words: IT productivity paradox, complementarity, patterns, ITdriven productivity, individual level.

  • 9. von Schéele, Fabian
    Bonus and cognition in service economy: a question of time2002Inngår i: Nordic Ergonomics Society's 34th Annual Congress on Humans in a Complex Environment, Norrköping, Sweden, 2002-10-1 - 2002-10-3, 2002Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Control is lost for ever: conceptualization of cognitive time distortion as a means to regain some managerial manoeuvrability of an economic organization2015Inngår i: PMA Symposium 2015: Performance Measurement in Transition – Moving Beyond Control, Bologna, Italy, 23-25 September, 2015, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11. von Schéele, Fabian
    Granskning av Tiden i skolan i Ljungby Kommun2002Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12. von Schéele, Fabian
    Granskning av Tiden i skolan i Tidaholm Kommun2003Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13. von Schéele, Fabian
    Predicting Burnout Syndromes in Service Organisations2002Inngår i: WWDU 2002 : Work With Display Units : World Wide Work: Proceedings of the 6th International Scientific Conference on Work With Display Units : WWDU 2002 - World Wide Work : Berchtesgaden, May 22-25, 2002 / [ed] H. Luczak, A. E. Çakir, G. Çakir, Berlin: ERGONOMIC Institut für Arbeits- und Sozialforschnung , 2002, s. 44-45Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Temporal Workload in Economic Organizations: A Hidden Condition of Economic Efficiency2017Inngår i: GIKA 2017, Lisbon, Portugal, 28 – 30 of June 2017, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15. von Schéele, Fabian
    The power of education in service economy and time cognition: a field study2002Inngår i: Presented at IAREP International Conference on Economic Psychology in Åbo, Finland, 2002-06-30 - 2002-07-05, 2002Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16. von Schéele, Fabian
    The power of Time Related Feedback: a Laboratory Experiment2002Inngår i: IAREP International Conference on Economic Psychology in Åbo, Finland, 2002-06-30 - 2002-07-05, 2002Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    A Workload Equation that accounts for Human Cognitive Time Distortion2014Inngår i: 21st EurOMA Conference Operations Management in an Innovation Economy, International Annual EurOMA Conference, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Cognitive Distortion Accounted Workload in Service Operations2011Inngår i: NFF 2011 August 20-24 / [ed] Lövsted, J., 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 19. von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakultetsnämnden för naturvetenskap och teknik, Institutionen för datavetenskap, fysik och matematik, DFM.
    Cognitive Time Distortion Accounted Workload in Human Operations2011Inngår i: 17th Annual Working Conference of theInternational Institute for Developmental Ethics / [ed] Strijbos, S., Amsterdam: Rozenberg Publishers, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Cognitive time distortion as a source of economic risk2015Inngår i: OR 2015, The International Conference on Operations Research, September 1- 4, 2015, Wien, Austria, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 21.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Cognitive Time Distortion as a Source of Risk in Economic Organizations: Conceptual Foundations2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 19th Annual Working Conference of the International Institute for Developmental Ethics (IIDE), Maarssen, the Netherlands: Rozenberg Publishers, 2014, s. 124-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces two kinds of risks present in any economic organization: the risk of cognitive time distortion and the risk of economic distortion. These two kinds of risks are related in a complex and non-linear manner, so that the cognitive distortion risk gives rise to the economic distortion risk. By monitoring the cognitive distortion risk, managers may also control the economic distortion risk. Basic conceptual foundations for the conception of these two kinds of risks, originating in unconditional human cognitive time distortion, are elaborated in this paper.

    “.. if economic organization is formidably complex, which it is, and if economic agents are subject to very real cognitive limits, which they are, then failures of alignment will occur routinely.” – O.E. Williamson, 1991: 79

  • 22.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ.
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Cognitive Time Distortion on the Performance of Economic Organizations2014Inngår i: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 31, nr 1, s. 77-93Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper introduces a novel conception of an economic organization, where its Total Profit Equation accounts for the phenomenon of cognitive time distortionthis being understood as the discrepancy between physical and cognitive time. Cognitive time distortion is unconditionally inherent in all human beings and everything they do, and typically produces economic inefficiencies as well as human stress; all this may now be conceptualized, detected, and acted upon. The novel Total Profit Equation as introduced here, including its underlying Total Revenue Equation and the Total Cost Equation, echoes a call of the founders of Systems Sciences that non-trivial systems manifest several kinds of temporal experiences. This call has largely been ignored by the various disciplines that study organizations and their management, particularly economic organizations, where the temporal experience of economic organizations is reduced to physical time. In this sense, this contribution offers an alternative to remedy that reductionism. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 23.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Feedback information on Individual’s Time Perception Improves Project Management Control: results from a laboratory experiment2015Inngår i: Presented at 59th Annual Meeting of the International Society for the Systems Sciences, August 02 - 07, 2015, Berlin, Germany, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Out of Control, yet not maneuverability; Managing Cognitive Time Distortion, projects and economy in complex organizations.2015Inngår i: Presented at IAREP - SABE JOINT CONFERENCE, September 3rd – 6th, 2015, Sibiu, Romania, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Productivity Illusion: the Hidden Time Distortion as a Source for Productivity Decrease in Economic Organizations2014Inngår i: Book of abstracts for the 10th Asia Pacific Productivity Conference, University of Queensland , 2014, s. 6-Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Little attention has been put to the problems of the Time Distortion in productivity, where time distortion is the discrepancy between the objective or physical time and the subjective or cognitive time. Cognitive time distortion is a source of various performance challenges in organisations and its operations, including economic inefficiency, unsatisfactory output quality, and human not well-being. The output-input ratio of productivity may be understood in terms of these two kinds of time. Input that corresponds to physical time and the output that is based time assessments. The current conventions of economic organizations – both in practice and in theory – assume the physical time to be the only kind of time. Based upon findings from biological and mental sciences this assumption of physical time only is challenged. We establish therefore formals relation between the physical time and the cognitive time, and then between that temporal relation and the economic performance of an organization. One implication is that calculus that accounts only for one kind of time, the physical, disregards from errors based on cognitive time assessments by human agents, thereby forming the ground for large errors in performance measurement. An attempt to remedy this is made here by introducing a novel method for the conception and analysis of productivity, where human agent’s cognitive time distortion is accounted for. The formal elaboration of the productivity and efficiency metrics presented here is based upon a workload equation and the conventional total profit equation; however both are formulated to account for empirical findings of the probabilistic and asymmetric character of cognitive time distortion, on individual level as well as on group level. The novelty of the workload equation and the Total Profit Equation comes from its ability to predict of true working time, by introducing new mathematical mechanisms as lever effect between economy, workload and cognitive time distortion. Consequently, we suggest that the fundaments of productivity analysis need to be modified with regard to the measurement of time and value in workload and profit. The here introduced model for productivity analysis may have significant impact for managers.

  • 26.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Systems Management and Information Metrics based on Time Distortion and Profit2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 58th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Systems Sciences; Washington, United States, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational management systems, for control and command, have attracted a great amount of research and debate since the very origin of management, as its underlying question is: how to manage human activity systems successfully? More recently, the so-called 'Balanced Score Card' approach has assumed dominance in managers' practice. While that approach has its merits, it also has some important limitations; among others it ignores the concept of time and its relation to information. To deal with some aspect of this limitation, this paper introduces a metric, (e.g. mathematical model) based upon information theory (entropy). The entropy in this paper measures the information content of time distortion in organizational performance and links it to the economic outcome (profit). The paper demonstrates how time-based goals can serve as a metrics of both information and economy, and that the relation between information content and economy outcome is not linear.  The paper suggests a mathematical model in which the management system and its operating system are carriers of information (as measured in nats) with economic dependence. The proposed model shows, among others, that time-distortion influences economic performance dramatically, including a lever effect, while high information entropy does not necessarily imply high economic outcome. The outcomes of the paper are contra-intuitive and may suggest a new metric for assessing goal oriented information from management system to its operating system. It may also be seen as a model for assessment of management efficiency with respect to time and economy.

  • 27.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Temporal Perception as a Source of Productivity Measure Distortion2017Inngår i: EWEPA 2017, XV European Workshop on Efficiency and Productivity Analysis, 12 – 15 of June, London, Great Britain, 2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Uppsala University.
    Temporal workload in economic organizations: A hidden non-linear condition of economic efficiency2018Inngår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 88, s. 415-420Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A temporal workload model is introduced to identify the relationship between the work time and economic performance of the activities conducted by a human agent in the context of an economic organization. The model's novelty derives from the account of time perception and its consequent cognitive time distortion, the latter being understood as a discrepancy between physical and cognitive time. Current praxis, both theoretical and empirical, assumes only physical time. This assumption is challenged here through the inclusion of time perception and cognitive time distortion in estimating the temporal workload of an economic agent. This inclusion enables a novel comprehension of frequent operational challenges, such as work delays, human stress, output quality issues, and economic inefficiencies. The main contribution to the literature is a specification of a new condition that governs the performance of any economic organization where human agents conduct time assessments.

  • 29.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    The map or the reality?: How leverage effects of time leakages distort key ratios in information economy2015Inngår i: Proceedings of 2nd Dubrovnik International Economic Meeting. Scientific Conference on Innovation, Leadership & Entrepreneurship – Challenges of Modern Economy: University of Dubrovnik, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Dubrovnik, Croatia, October 01-03, University of Dubrovnik , 2015, s. 231-244Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses specifically leverage effects based on the irreversible nature of time and the Cognitive Time Distortion in economy. In service - and information society, time has received an ever increasing importance, not from the perspective of faster production, but due to the fact that the major part of the economic value of Total Revenues and Total Costs is based on time. In this paper, we demonstrate new mathematical mechanisms in economy due to the irreversible nature of time and Cognitive Time Distortion, and we explore their lever effects. It is presented that the lever effect on return on capital employed may rise to many hundred percent of budgeted outcome. It is concluded that even moderate cognitive time distortions cause substantial deviation in budgeted profit as well as it proves to be a mechanism to large delays. The lever effect due to the time perception is an ever present distortion of a true economic outcome. 

  • 30.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    The Time According to Taylor and Fayol: An Hampering Heresy in Information Society2015Inngår i: Psychology and Economics together for a better life : Conference Overview: IAREP - SABE Joint Conference: Sibiu, 2015 / [ed] Eugen Iordănescu, Cornelia Iordănescu, Gabriela Marcu, Aurelia Drăghici, EPIA , 2015, s. 388-394Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Time Distortion as a Metric for Information and Economy in Organizational Control2014Inngår i: Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences: 3rd International Conference on Integrated Information (IC-ININFO) / [ed] Giannakopoulos, G; Sakas, DP; Vlachos, DS; KyriakiManessi, D, Elsevier, 2014, Vol. 147, s. 70-77Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational management systems, for control and command, have attracted a great amount of research and debate since the very origin of management, as its underlying question is: how to manage human activity systems successfully? More recently, the so-called ‘Balanced Score Card’ approach has assumed dominance in managers’ practice. While that approach has its merits, it also has some important limitations; among others it ignores time and its relation to information. To deal with some aspect of this limitation, this paper introduces a metric, (e.g. mathematical model) funded upon information theory (entropy) that is linked through a notion of time-distortion to the economic performance of an organization. In this, a goal-related time- distortion, between a management system and its operating system, is a carrier of information with economic dependence. The proposed model shows, among others, that time-distortion influences economic performance dramatically, including a lever effect, while high information entropy does not necessarily imply high economic outcome.

  • 32.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Haftor, Darek
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Pashkevich, Natallia
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Cognitive time distortion as a hidden condition of worker productivity2019Inngår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 101, s. 591-596Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study advances a novel productivity function of knowledge workers. Cognitive science studies provide clear evidence that, for a given event, there is a difference between a worker's cognitive time and physical clock time; this difference gives rise to a cognitive time distortion. The proposed productivity function accounts for workers' dual experiences of time and the kinds of contracts utilized by an economic organization and its customers and workers. This function shows-for the first time and contrary to intuition-that, given certain conditions, workers' cognitive time and the form of contracts utilized are the only conditioners of knowledge worker productivity. The proposed productivity function unearths a hidden economic lever effect whereby a minor degree of time distortion generates a significant level of worker inefficiency. This constitutes a novel contribution to the literature on knowledge worker productivity.

  • 33.
    von Schéele, Fabian
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Fakulteten för teknik (FTK), Institutionen för informatik (IK).
    Ohlsson, Kjell
    Time control and time based key ratios in high school of the future2006Inngår i: Proceedings from the 9th QMOD conference in Liverpool/GB: 9th august – 12th august, 2006, 2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
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