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  • 1.
    Boley, B. Bynum
    et al.
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Towards a universal measure of "Support for Tourism"2016In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 61, p. 238-241Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Boley, B. Bynum
    et al.
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Watson, Avery
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Place distinctiveness, psychological empowerment, and support for tourism2018In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 70, p. 137-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    • Residents must first find community distinct in order to be psychologically empowered.

    • Psychological empowerment mediates relationship between place distinctiveness and support for tourism.

    • Destination managers should consider raising resident awareness of community uniqueness to boost support for tourism.

  • 3.
    Boley, B. Bynum
    et al.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Woosnam, Kyle M.
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Resident perceptions of the economic benefits of tourism: Toward a common measure2018In: Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, ISSN 1096-3480, E-ISSN 1557-7554, Vol. 42, no 8, p. 1295-1314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    At the core of the resident attitude literature is the general understanding that the more residents economically benefit from tourism, the more they support tourism. While a central tenet, previous research has measured resident perceptions of economically benefiting from tourism somewhat haphazardly, using four disparate directions without a common cross-culturally reliable and valid scale. To bring clarity to the literature, this study develops and presents the Economic Benefit from Tourism Scale as a reliable and valid measure for the resident attitude literature to embrace. The scale's development follows Churchill's recommendations and uses three separate data collections across the United States of America and Poland to purify the scale and demonstrate its validity within an international context. Both samples prove the scale to be construct valid with maximum weight alphas in the .85 to .90 range, standard factor loadings all above 0.60, and average variance extracted estimates between 57% and 69%.

  • 4.
    Grodzińska-Jurczak, Małgorzata
    et al.
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    University of North Texas, USA.
    Kamal, Sristi
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Gutowska, Justyna
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Effectiveness of Nature Conservation: A Case of Natura 2000 Sites in Poland2012In: Protected Area Management / [ed] Barbara Sladonja, InTech, 2012Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Nisbett, Gwendelyn S.
    et al.
    University of North Texas, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Appealing to Goodwill or YOLO-Promoting Conservation Volunteering to Millennials2017In: VOLUNTAS - International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations, ISSN 0957-8765, E-ISSN 1573-7888, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 288-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Volunteer travel opportunities are more plentiful than ever and are now offered worldwide, with conservation projects being an increasingly popular choice. Some of the emerging questions in this field are concerned with the effective communication of these opportunities to young people. One theory that could guide the creation of these persuasive campaigns for conservation volunteering is regulatory focus theory. By adopting this theory, we reveal yet another possibility for understanding motivations of conservation volunteers. Results of the experiment suggest promotion messages are better received (more persuasive) because they induce expectations in line with general view of conservation volunteering as a hedonic experience. Moreover, this study is the first one of its kind to show this important effect of environmental attitudes on individuals' responses to promotional messages about conservation volunteering travel.

  • 6.
    Okulicz-Kozaryn, Adam
    et al.
    Rutgers State Univ, USA ; Vistula Univ, Poland.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Happy Tourists, Unhappy Locals2017In: Social Indicators Research, ISSN 0303-8300, E-ISSN 1573-0921, Vol. 134, no 2, p. 789-804Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The most recent of literature focuses more often on the happiness of tourists, rather than the happiness of residents affected by tourism. However, this study aims at filling this gap with a new and refreshing perspective. This is carried out by using the European Social Survey (2010-2012) merged with Eurostat tourism data at the province (NUTS2) level. Staying consistent with homophily or ingroup preference theories, we find that domestic tourists contribute more to the happiness of locals than foreign tourists. Also by staying consistent with Irridex theory, we find that tourism at low levels of development contributes more to happiness than tourism at a high level of development.

  • 7.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    University of North Texas, USA.
    The Prospects for Empowerment through Local Governance for Tourism—the LEADER Approach2015In: Journal of Rural and Community Development, ISSN 1712-8277, E-ISSN 1712-8277, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 78-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While empowerment and cooperation are essential to achieve these tourism governance goals, few, if any studies, investigated conditions forempowerment in tourism governance in the post-communist setting. Filling the gap, this paper critically examines the prospects for empowerment in tourism governance in Poland. The extensive desk-study was conducted in 2010 to investigate the issues of empowerment in governance for tourism development. It focused on gathering and analyzing information about LEADER, and its transfer into the Polish context. The empirical data collection included guided interviews with 18 key-informants involved in LEADER. The article concludes that in the post-communist reality, the immediate concern is the effectiveness of community-led local development initiatives. New actors in tourism governance must demonstrate their value as legitimate partners and secure funds that develop and sustain empowering mechanisms to increase community capacity in both planning and implementation of local development initiatives.

  • 8.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Boley, B. Bynum
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    Strzelecka, Celina
    Univ Wroclaw, Poland.
    Empowerment and resident support for tourism in rural Central and Eastern Europe (CEE): the case of Pomerania, Poland2017In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 25, no 4, p. 554-572Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite empowerment being a crucial component of sustainable tourism, few scholars have quantitatively operationalized empowerment and looked at how it applies to rural societies within the post-communist European Union (EU) member states. Knowing the high priority of sustainable rural development goals within the EU, empowering residents within these post-communist societies has become a pertinent issue especially where those societies appear more reluctant to engaging in democratic ways of decision-making. In response to this gap, this study tests the cross-cultural validity of the Resident Empowerment through Tourism Scale, and then evaluates how empowerment predicts residents' support for tourism within the municipality of Choczewo, Pomerania, Poland. Using a theoretical perspective that blends Social Exchange Theory with Weber's Theory of Formal and Substantive Rationality, these non-economic empowerment dimensions are coupled with a measure of resident perceptions of economically benefiting from tourism to see if rural residents in Choczewo, Poland, are more swayed by the economic or non-economic benefits of tourism. Results show that residents within this Central and Eastern Europe setting are more influenced by the pride and self-esteem boost associated with psychological empowerment and the perceptions of increased community cohesion (i.e. social empowerment) than the economic promises of tourism.

  • 9.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Boley, Bynum B.
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Woosnam, Kyle M.
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Place attachment and empowerment: do residents need to be attached to be empowered?2017In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 66, p. 61-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within resident attitude research, place attachment and empowerment are two of the most prominent non-economic constructs used to explain residents’ attitudes toward tourism. This research explores the relationship between the two and whether residents’ perceptions of place identity, place dependence and nature bonding affect perceptions of being empowered through tourism. The relationship is tested within the rural destination of Choczewo, Poland. Results reveal that place identity, place dependence, and nature bonding directly influence residents’ perceptions of psychological and social empowerment through tourism. However, only place dependence predicts residents’ ability to feel politically empowered through tourism. Results from this study extend the model of residents’ attitudes toward tourism by explaining how societal factors such as resident bonding with the socio-physical environment enable residents to become more empowered through tourism development.

  • 10.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    et al.
    University of North Texas, USA.
    Grodzińska-Jurczak, Małgorzata
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Pietrzyk-Kaszyńska, Agata
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Empowerment – human dimension in nature conservation2013In: Chrońmy Przyrodę Ojczystą, ISSN 0009-6172, Vol. 69, no 2, p. 86-95Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both practitioners and scholars have neglected the social aspects of nature conservation. e recent socio- economic transition in Central and Eastern Europe has led to increasing awareness of the necessity to integrate the needs of communities into the management of natural environments. e authors argue that in Poland the growing awareness of the connection between local communities and the nature conservation needs to be followed by more community participation in the management of natural environments. By highlighting the human element in nature conservation and the concept of empowerment, the article discusses the validity of using participatory approaches to biodiversity management in CEE and in Poland.

  • 11.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    et al.
    University of North Texas, USA.
    Gutowska, Justyna
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Grodzińska-Jurczak, Małgorzata
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    The superfluous obstacle or the prerequisite for sustainable development: exposing participation in Leader and Natura 2000 in Poland2014In: Ekonomia i Środowisko, ISSN 0867-8898, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 46-63Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the past two decades Poland has experienced socio-economic and political changes with the most important stepping stone toward transition from a communist to a democratic political system was the collapse of the Communist Regime in 1989. Since the early 90s, the European Union (EU) has become a primary agent of political transition through different policies and funding mechanisms, having significant impacts on how rural development is implemented. After the country’s accession to the EU in 2004, regional and local rural programs promoted participatory mechanisms with communities acting as the legitimate stakeholder to determine conditions for rural development.

  • 12.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Gwendelyn, Nisbett
    Univ North Texas, USA.
    Kyle, Woosnam
    Univ Georgia, USA.
    The hedonic nature of conservation volunteer travel2017In: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 63, p. 417-425Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Informed by the hedonic consumption value framework, this research explores the relationships between individuals' environmental views, consumption values, and intentions to engage in conservation volunteer travel, to argue that contemporary conservation volunteer travel needs to be re conceptualized. Such perspective on conservation volunteer travel takes into account young adults' desires for hedonic travel experiences. The study results expose that hedonic and utilitarian values of conservation volunteer travel mediate the relations between of pro-environmental views on the intent to volunteer in conservation projects. In other words, through participation in conservation volunteer travel, consumers gain both hedonic pleasure as well as a sense that their actions are needed given increasing global environmental degradation.

  • 13.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    et al.
    University of North Texas, USA.
    Josiam, Bharath
    University of North Texas, USA.
    Spears, Daniel L.
    University of North Texas, USA.
    Monterrubio, J. Carlos
    Autonomous University of the State of Mexico, Mexico.
    Looking At Residents’ Attitudes towards Spring Break Tourism in Texas through the Lens of Community Attachment2014In: Florida International University Hospitality Review, ISSN 0739-7011, Vol. 31, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The growth of spring break tourism in many destinations has become problematic, predominantly due to the excessive behaviour of college students. This paper examines residents’ attitudes toward spring break tourism in South Padre Island (located in Texas, USA) through the lens of community attachment. By understanding the attitudes of residents of the host communities, tourism planners and policy-makers can create policies to shape the character of tourism according to the residents’ needs. The findings suggest that, at this point in time, community residents perceive that the benefits of spring break tourism benefits exceed its’ costs. Also, the short and intense season of spring break tourism allows residents to better deal with social costs.

  • 14.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Rechcinski, Marcin
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Grodzinska-Jurczak, Małgorzata
    Jagiellonian University, Poland.
    Using PP GIS interviews to understand residents’ perspectiveof European ecological network Natura 20002017In: Tourism Geographies, ISSN 1461-6688, E-ISSN 1470-1340, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 848-877Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable nature-based tourism was brought to the public's attention as a solution to the problem of economic diversification in Central and Eastern European (CEE) communities included in European Ecological Network – N2000. However, Natura 2000 tourism development has not yet proven to be an effective way to boost local economies and the notion of sustainable tourism based on Natura 2000 resources has been challenged by residents of the CEE communities. The study goal was to explore issues concerning Natura 2000 tourism from the perspective of local residents within three municipalities of Małopolska in Poland to determine if Natura 2000 is perceived by local residents as a valuable tourism asset. We employed a mix-mode methodology: an in-depth interview and public participation GIS mapping task. The study results highlight several areas of concern regarding resident perspectives of Natura 2000-based tourism: first, the misconception that residents need and want nature-based tourism when other economic activities provide sufficient income; second, the misconception that Natura 2000 is considered a valuable asset when other tourism attractions in a municipality attract more visitors; third, the residents misconception of nature-based tourism itself; and last but not least the importance of engaging with residents when assessing the potential for Natura 2000 tourism. These findings can assist policy-makers and tourism managers with prioritizing avenues for further action.

  • 15.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    et al.
    University of North Texas, USA.
    Wicks, Bruce E.
    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA.
    Community Participation and Empowerment in Rural Post-Communist Societies: Lessons from the Leader Approach in Pomerania, Poland2015In: Tourism Planning & Development, ISSN 2156-8316, E-ISSN 2156-8324, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 381-397Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Empowerment, community participation and social capital have all been heavily researched within tourism development, yet few have looked at how they apply in a post-communist rural society. Filling the gap, this work helps to understand the community participation and empowerment in rural post-communist communities. The study demonstrates that despite there being an agreement that sustainable tourism development must consider residents’ needs and involve them in planning processes, empowering communities in the post-communist Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) setting is challenging owing to the unique political culture of the CEE. The qualitative approach was used to better capture tourism stakeholders' perspectives and experiences of challenges to community participation in tourism development in a post-communist setting.

  • 16.
    Woosnam, Kyle M.
    et al.
    University of Georgia, USA.
    Aleshinloye, Kayode D.
    Texas A&M University, USA.
    Strzelecka, Marianna
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Erul, Emrullah
    Texas A&M University, USA.
    The Role of Place Attachment in Developing Emotional Solidarity With Residents2018In: Journal of Hospitality & Tourism Research, ISSN 1096-3480, E-ISSN 1557-7554, Vol. 42, no 7, p. 1058-1066Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As the body of work concerning emotional solidarity between residents and tourists continues to grow within the tourism literature, little focus has been placed on how the setting factors into such relationships. Using the Osun Osogbo Sacred Grove (a UNESCO World Heritage Site in southwestern Nigeria) as a study site, this research examines the role visitors’ attachment to the place plays in explaining their perceived solidarity with area residents. From confirmatory factor analysis, a measurement model was established, which revealed strong psychometric properties for the two place attachment factors (i.e., place identity and place dependence) and the three emotional solidarity factors (i.e., feeling welcomed, emotional closeness, and sympathetic understanding). Structural equation modeling demonstrated that each of the place attachment factors explained a high degree of variance (e.g., R2 ranging between 45% and 54%) in visitors’ emotional solidarity with residents. Implications and future research opportunities are offered within the close of the article.

1 - 16 of 16
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