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  • 1.
    Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    Southampton Solent Univ, UK.
    Amore, Alberto
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Urban tourism and urban socialist and communist heritage: beyond tragedy and farce?2017In: International Journal of Tourism Cities, ISSN 2056-5607, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 291-304Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - Existing literature on state socialist and communist heritage as a form of tourist consumption predominately focuses on destination contexts, such as the former Soviet countries and the few remaining state communist countries (i.e. China, North Korea and Cuba). As a result, the visitation to places linked to the history of socialism and communism in the so-called western pluralist democracies has often been overlooked and, at most, unacknowledged, especially as most research on "socialist" heritage focuses on sites connected to statist heritage rather than sites connected to socialist movements. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach - This paper aims to fill the gap in terms of research focusing on these types of sites, with evidence from a range of countries in Europe and the Americas. It does so by illustrating the presence and engagement with official and non-official communist/socialist heritage at varying levels of commodification. Findings - The paper concludes that not only is there a need to broaden the concept of socialist heritage but that its framing needs to continue to be understood from present day ideological discourses and struggles with respect to the marking of urban heritage tourist locations. Originality/value - This contribution advocates the broadening of the concept of socialist heritage by acknowledging the relevance of "hidden" urban sites related to key socialist thinkers, socialist opposition to fascism, and civil wars in which the socialist movement was involved, while also drawing parallels between the levels of socialist/heritage recognition and use as a commodity in relation to the historical narrative within the studied countries.

  • 2.
    Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    IMT Inst Adv Studies Lucca, Italy.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Who visits World Heritage?: A comparative analysis of three cultural sites2017In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 67-80Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Heritage tourism is a growing segment of the modern tourism industry, and several studies have been undertaken to identify the individuals who participate in this type of tourism. These have indicated that heritage tourists, generally, are middle class, middle age, and well educated. However, despite their iconic role, there has been relatively little attention paid to profile of visitors to World Heritage Sites. This study aims to better understand the demography of this specific tourism segment through the use of survey-based research at three geographically diverse World Heritage Sites: Independence Hall in the USA, Studenica Monastery in Serbia, and the Archaeological Site of Volubilis in Morocco. Through the use of descriptive statistics, several over-arching trends were noted among the three sites. World Heritage Site visitors were found to be very well educated, but they did not have any similarities in relation to age, income, or residence, which contrasts the "general" heritage tourist typology. However, there were several World Heritage specific trends. While this work is a snapshot of the three sites under study and thus is difficult to generalize, it provides the basis for more comprehensive demographic research on visitors to World Heritage Sites.

  • 3.
    Adie, Bailey Ashton
    et al.
    Southampton Solent Univ, UK.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Prayag, Girish
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    World Heritage as a placebo brand: a comparative analysis of three sites and marketing implications2018In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 399-415Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The UNESCO World Heritage (WH) List is often regarded as a successful tourism brand that motivates site nominations. However, there is relatively little research dealing specifically with WH brand attraction effects, and what does exist shows conflicting results. There is a significant research gap in terms of awareness of the WH brand and its potential impact on visitation, which this study seeks to fill through a comparative analysis of three diverse case studies: Independence Hall, USA; Studenica Monastery, Serbia; and the Archaeological Site of Volubilis, Morocco. Survey data (n = 771) from these three sites were collected and analyzed resulting in three distinct clusters of visitors. One of the clusters does exhibit higher levels of awareness of the WH brand, but members of this group were not motivated by this knowledge when planning their site visit. It is concluded that the WH brand may function as a placebo, and that its importance may be tied more to political interests than economic advancement. Thus, dependency on the WH List for tourism development may potentially be detrimental for locations in the long term. The WH brand's placebo effect could result in long-term problems for both the site and those whose livelihoods depend on tourism.

  • 4.
    Amore, Alberto
    et al.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    From governance to meta-governance in tourism?: Re-incorporating politics, interests and values in the analysis of tourism governance2016In: Tourism Recreation Resarch, ISSN 0250-8281, E-ISSN 2320-0308, Vol. 41, no 2, p. 109-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite its theorization in the political and policy sciences in the early 1990s, the concept of metagovernance has gained relatively little recognition in tourism studies. Nevertheless, its significance in the political sciences and policy literature, especially as a result of the perceived failure of governance systems following the recent global financial crisis, has only served to reinforce its relevance. Metagovernance addresses some of the perceived failures of traditional governance approaches and associated interventions, and has enabled the understanding of central-state led regimes of shadowed hierarchical authorities and local-level micro-practices of social innovation and self-government. In contrast, tourism studies have tended to restrict study of the political dimension of tourism governance and the role of the state under the traditional parallelism between government and governance. Examination of how governance is itself governed enables a better understanding of the practices of planning and policy making affecting tourism and destinations. In particular, the applications of concepts of governance are inextricably linked to a given set of value assumptions which predetermine the range of its application. A short example of the application of the metagovernance paradigm is provided from the New Zealand context. It is concluded that governance mechanisms are not value-neutral and instead serve to highlight the allocation of power in a destination and the dominance of particular values and interests.

  • 5.
    Amore, Alberto
    et al.
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand;University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand;University of Oulu, Finland;University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    National and urban public policy in tourism: towards the emergence of a hyperneoliberal script?2017In: International Journal of Tourism Policy, ISSN 1750-4090, E-ISSN 1750-4104, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 4-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Following the 2007-2009 Global Financial Crisis (GFC), some national governments have been pursuing a counter-reform of the public sector characterised by further policy centralisation and the 'hollowing out' of regional authorities. Public expenditure and sovereign public debt reductions have become the pretext for the implementation of hyperneoliberal development agendas aimed at the attraction of inward capitals and a further 'competitive' repositioning of major cities within a global market. Tourism and the visitor economy have been used as leverage for the attraction of capital and skilled people in the long-term development strategies of cities. This article illustrates how crises have led the way in the recent restructuring of the public sector and of destination management organisations (DMOs) in particular. Findings from national and urban development strategies recently implemented in New Zealand suggest a strong, market-driven agenda that follows a hyperneoliberal script. Copyright © 2017 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

  • 6.
    Amore, Alberto
    et al.
    Solent University, UK.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand;University of Oulu, Finland;.
    Sports and event-led regeneration strategies in post-earthquake Christchurch2017In: Sport, events, tourism and regeneration / [ed] Nicholas Wise & John Harris, London: Routledge, 2017, p. 100-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sports and event-led regeneration strategies have been a significant characteristic of major cities in the developed world since the 1970s and are an integral, though widely debated, component of urban redevelopment policy. This chapter examines the role of sports and events infrastructure and event hosting as part of post-natural disaster induced regeneration. It focuses on findings from research undertaken between April 2013 and November 2015 on the provision of new amenities for leisure and tourism in the Christchurch central business district (CBD) following the earthquakes of 2010 and 2011. Using the case of the 2010 and 2011 earthquake sequence in Christchurch in New Zealand, the chapter examines the role of sport and events in post-earthquake urban regeneration and the accompanying issues it raises with respect to governance, policy process and planning practice. Since the aftermath of the 22 February 2011 earthquake, the issue of a stadium has become one of the key rebuilding planning topics.

  • 7.
    Amore, Alberto
    et al.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Southampton Solent Univ, UK.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Jenkins, John
    Southern Cross Univ, Australia.
    They never said "Come here and let's talk about it': Exclusion and non-decision-making in the rebuild of Christchurch, New Zealand2017In: Local Economy, ISSN 0269-0942, E-ISSN 1470-9325, Vol. 32, no 7, p. 617-639Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Decision-making in urban contexts is increasingly characterized by a depoliticized environment that has normalized neoliberal urban policies. These are further pursued in post-disaster contexts across the globe with narratives that overshadow the views and demands of the affected communities. Spatial contestation, exclusion of certain groups from key decisions and episodes of non-decision-making thus shape urban redevelopment through top-down governance. This paper provides a Lukesian narrative on post-earthquake Christchurch, where the redevelopment of the city has been characterized by a strong command-and-control rebuild agenda emanating from the national government, regardless of the feedback and criticisms from the affected community.

  • 8.
    Amore, Alberto
    et al.
    Southampton Solent Univ, UK.
    Prayag, Girish
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, Sch Tourism & Hospitality, South Africa.
    Conceptualizing Destination Resilience from a Multilevel Perspective2018In: Tourism Review International, ISSN 1544-2721, E-ISSN 1943-4421, Vol. 22, no 3-4, p. 235-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of resilience has gained momentum in current tourism research, yet there are still flaws and discrepancies between the many notions applied in the field. These limitations arc further evident when we focus on tourist destinations. The aim of this article is to advance the conceptualization of destination resilience through a multilevel perspective (MLP) that frames landscape, regime, niche, and actors as integrated elements of the tourism system. The resulting framework encompasses ecological, socioecological, sociopolitical, socioeconomic, and sociotechnological dimensions reflecting the embeddedness of resilience among heterogeneous and potentially complementary destination stakeholders. It is argued that the use of the MLP advances the understanding of tourism destination planning, particularly in contexts coping with gradual as well as drastic changes due to both demand fluctuations and supply-side disturbances.

  • 9.
    Baird, Tim
    et al.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Castka, Pavel
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    New Zealand Winegrowers Attitudes and Behaviours towards Wine Tourism and Sustainable Winegrowing2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 3, article id 797Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are significant economic, environmental, social, and marketing issues that exist from the supply-side perspective in response to sustainability. This study examines New Zealand winegrowers in terms of their attitudes and behaviours towards wine tourism and sustainable wine production. A national survey was conducted at the end of 2015, which was the fourth such survey to be undertaken as part of a longitudinal study of wine tourism in New Zealand. This survey drew on issues of wine and biosecurity, climate change, and eco-labelling, as well as wine tourism. These issues were examined within the context of three key drivers of sustainability: the physical aspects of sustainable wine production, the internal drivers within wine businesses for the adoption of sustainable practices, and the external regulatory aspects that govern the adoption of sustainable wine production practices. The findings indicate that there were substantial concerns with the perceived value provided by both wine tourism and sustainable winegrowing practices. These concerns exist at both the firm level and with the governing bodies that are responsible for implementing sustainable winegrowing initiatives. Unless this perception of the value of sustainability within the New Zealand wine industry is altered in the future, it appears that there will continue to be an ongoing issue as to how sustainable winegrowing initiatives are implemented.

  • 10.
    Darbi, William Phanuel Kofi
    et al.
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; Ghana Institute of Management and Public Administration, Ghana.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland ; University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Elite interviews: critical practice and tourism2014In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 17, no 9, p. 832-848Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The elite interview method has been applied to the study of politics and policy-making and to other social and organisational contexts, although it has been relatively little applied in a formal fashion in tourism research. Nevertheless it is a method that has the potential of enhancing the quality and quantity of research data given the power and influence of elite subjects. The conduct of elite interviews suggests that there are qualitatively different aspects in interviewing ‘up’ as compared to interviewing ‘across’ or ‘down’. The article provides a review of some of the major issues involved in the conduct of elite interviews and highlights some of the tactics that researchers may use in the interview process as well as some of the potential ethical and publishing constraints. Even though there are a number of potential methodological challenges in using this method it provides a valuable approach in tourism research, especially studies that aim to understand decision-making processes, policy-making and perceptions. It is shown that individual ingenuity and reflexivity are required in order to overcome some of the challenges reported in existing studies.

  • 11.
    Darbi, William Phanuel Kofi
    et al.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Ghana Inst Management & Publ Adm, Ghana.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Knott, Paul
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    The Informal Sector: A Review and Agenda for Management Research2018In: International journal of management reviews (Print), ISSN 1460-8545, E-ISSN 1468-2370, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 301-324Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite its connotations of non-compliance, illegality, social exploitation and marginality, the informal sector is a substantial contributor to economic life in developing countries and, increasingly, in more technologically advanced activities. Its prevalence in developed economies has also become more widely recognized. In light of its significance, this paper reviews research on the informal sector from a management and organization scholarship perspective, rather than from an entrepreneurship view, as has been the focus until now. It sets out the atypical management practices that are inherent in the sector, explores the under-researched relationship between formal and informal firms, and highlights definitional, conceptual and other limitations in extant research. As a step in resolving these issues, the authors present a conceptual model of formality and informality in a three-dimensional framework that highlights an organizational infrastructure dimension, a view of firms operating along a continuum, and a multi-level analytical context. Building on this, the authors detail opportunities for enhanced appreciation of in situ management and organizational practices in the informal sector and outline tools for pursuing a management and organization scholarship agenda. Overall, the authors argue that management scholarship has great potential to improve understanding of the informal sector, and that the informal sector provides opportunities to advance management theory, research and practice.

  • 12.
    Dubois, Ghislain
    et al.
    TEC, France.
    Ceron, Jean-Paul
    CIRED, France.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Res Inst, Norway.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Weather preferences of French tourists: lessons for climate change impact assessment2016In: Climatic Change, ISSN 0165-0009, E-ISSN 1573-1480, Vol. 136, no 2, p. 339-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has complex relationships with weather and climate, and there is consensus that tourism could be substantially affected by climatic change. While considerable research has been presented on how climatic change is likely to affect destinations and tourism stakeholders in the future, there remains limited understanding of the weather preferences of tourists. This is a research priority if the implications of climatic change for the temporal and geographic patterns of tourism demand are to be assessed with more relevance. This paper presents the results of a survey (n = 1643 respondents) of the weather preferences of French tourists. Results show the ranking of weather and climate as a factor of destination choice and satisfaction. They also indicate the high tolerance of tourists to heat and even to heat waves, whereas rainy conditions appear to be clearly repulsive. The weight of precipitation in indices like the Tourism Comfort Index should therefore be upgraded. The findings are also compared with studies in other countries. Slight differences in similar surveys can lead to a discrepancy in the appreciation of excessive heat and associated thresholds by 2-3 degrees C, which might limit the possibility to base climate change impact assessment on such fragile data.

  • 13.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Research Institute, Norway.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland.
    Conclusions: Food tourism and regional development - new localism or globalism?2016In: Food Tourism and Regional Development: Networks, products and trajectories / [ed] C. Michael Hall, Stefan Gössling, Routledge, 2016, p. 287-294Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Research Institute, Norway.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland.
    Developing regional food systems: a case study of restaurant-customer relationships in Sweden2016In: Food Tourism and Regional Development: Networks, products and trajectories / [ed] C. Michael Hall, Stefan Gössling, Routledge, 2016, p. 76-88Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Res Inst, Norway;Lund University.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Sharing versus collaborative economy: how to align ICT developments and the SDGs in tourism?2019In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 27, no 1, p. 74-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Great hopes have been placed in the sharing economy to provide a new business model based on peer-to-peer (P2P) exchanges of underutilized assets. As a model, the sharing economy has been expected to make significant contributions to sustainability, providing new opportunities for entrepreneurship, more sustainable use of resources, and consumer co-operation in tight economic networks. However, in recent years, digital platforms have turned into the most important actors in the global sharing economy, turning global corporations, such as AirBnB, Booking, or TripAdvisor into intermediaries controlling and profiting from most transactions. Focused on accommodation, this paper conceptualizes the sharing economy in comparison to the wider collaborative economy, and discusses its social, economic, environmental, and political impacts in comparison to the sustainable development goals. It concludes that the sharing economy has great potential to make very significant contributions to sustainability, though the model is increasingly being replaced by the collaborative economy, which performs as an extension and acceleration of neoliberal economic practices.

  • 16.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hall, C. MichaelUniversity of Otago, New Zealand.
    Tourism and global environmental change: ecological, social, economic and political interrelationships2006Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This fascinating book is the first comprehensive analysis of the economic, social and political interrelationships between tourism and global environmental change: one of the most significant issues facing humankind today. Its contributors argue that the impacts of these changes are potentially extremely serious both for the tourism industry, and for the communities dependent upon it.

    Integrating knowledge from the social and physical sciences, this significant book explores they key issues surrounding global environmental change, as well as government and industry willingness to meet the challenges posed by it. Divided into four main sections, it investigates:

    • the tourism and global environmental change relationship in specific environments
    • global issues related to environmental change
    • differing perceptions of global environmental change held by tourists and the tourist industry.

    Comprehensive in scope, topical and integrative, this key text is essential reading for students, scholars and researchers in all aspects of tourism, geography and environmental studies.

  • 17.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Research Centre for Sustainable Tourism, Norway.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Andersson, Ann-Christin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    The manager's dilemma: a conceptualization of online review manipulation strategies2018In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 484-503Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Online evaluations are one of the most important innovations in tourism in recent years, often combining a review/rating (business-specific evaluation) and a ranking (inter-business comparison). As online reputation determines economic success, tourism managers may be tempted to manipulate online content. This paper presents the results from a qualitative study involving 20 hotel managers in southern Sweden, and their perspectives on manipulation. Results confirm that there exists a wide range of review manipulation strategies, many of which are difficult to control. Even though only few managers appear to systematically manipulate, online evaluations represent a significant challenge for businesses, as they introduce direct competition and foster consumer judgement cultures. It is postulated that managers will increasingly find themselves in a Prisoner's dilemma, representing a situation where engaging in manipulation is the most rational choice in an increasingly competitive market situation.

  • 18.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Peeters, Paul
    Scott, D
    The Future of Tourism: Can Tourism Growth and Climate Policy be Reconciled?: A Climate Change Mitigation Perspective.2010In: Tourism Recreation Resarch, ISSN 0250-8281, E-ISSN 2320-0308, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 119-130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism is an increasingly significant contributor to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Emissions growth in the sector is in substantial conflict with global climate policy goals that seek to mitigate climate change through significant emission reductions. This article discusses the role of various tourism sub-sectors in generating emissions, and technical and management options in reducing these. It concludes that given observed and anticipated emission growth rates, technology and management will not be sufficient to achieve even modest absolute emission reductions in the sector, pointing to the key role of social and behavioural change in realizing climatically sustainable tourism. The article also discusses some of the systemic barriers that have to be overcome in order for tourism to comply with post- Kyoto Protocol global mitigation frameworks. The article concludes that radical change will be needed to reconcile the holiday and business travel demands of a growing world population with the climate policy targets of the international community, specifically restricting anthropogenic global warming to less than 2°C.

  • 19.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University.
    Hall, C. Michael
    University of Cantebury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland.
    Scott, Daniel
    University of Waterloo, Canada.
    Tourism and Water2015Book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Weaver, David B.
    Synthesis and conclusions2009In: Sustainable tourism futures: perspectives on systems, restructuring and Innovations / [ed] Stefan Gössling, C. Michael Hall and David B. Weaver, London: Routledge, 2009, 1, p. 299-306Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Peeters, Paul
    Hall, C. Michael
    Ceron, Jean-Paul
    Dubois, G
    Lehmann, L
    Scott, D
    Aall, Carlo
    Tourism and Water: Supply, demand, and security. An International Review2012In: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 1-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews direct freshwater consumption in tourism from both quantitative and qualitative viewpoints to assess the current water demand of the tourism sector and to identify current and future management challenges. The article concludes that even though tourism increases global water consumption, direct tourism-related water use is considerably less than 1% of global consumption, and will not become significant even if the sector continues to grow at anticipated rates of around 4% per year (international tourist arrivals). The situation differs at the regional level because tourism concentrates traveller flows in time and space, and often-in dry destinations where water resources are limited. Furthermore, the understanding of tourism’s indirect water requirements, including the production of food, building materials and energy, remains inadequately understood, but is likely to be more substantial than direct water use. The article concludes that with expected changes in global precipitation patterns due to climate change, it is advisable in particular for already water scarce destinations to engage in proactive water management. Recommendations for managing tourism’s water footprint are made.

  • 22.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Research Institute, Norway.
    Ring, Amata
    The University of Queensland, Australia.
    Dwyer, Larry
    University of New South Wales, Australia ; Griffith University, Australia.
    Andersson, Ann-Christin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Optimizing or maximizing? A challenge to sustainable tourism2016In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 527-548Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Virtually all destinations seek to increase tourist numbers, pursuing economic maximization strategies. Considerably less attention is paid to optimizing existing tourist systems to create more profitable, stable, resilient and potentially more sustainable entities. While aspects of tourist expenditure, average length of stay and seasonality as three key destination management variables have received considerable attention in the literature, focus has usually been on the identification of “profitable” tourism markets by considering observed patterns of spending, length of stay and vacation timing. Building on such earlier studies, this paper focuses on flexibilities in these parameters: could tourists have spent more, stayed longer or visited during a different season? Perceptions of destination expensiveness as a potential deterrent to visitation were also addressed. Based on a sample (n = 1914) of domestic and international tourists in the Swedish cities of Kalmar and Stockholm, data were collected in face-to-face interviews using questionnaires. Results indicate considerable potential to optimize the Swedish tourism system with regard to all variables studied, while also providing new insights for destination management in the context of economic resilience. Results also indicate the need for researchers everywhere to have detailed market knowledge if they are to persuade the industry to change its sustainability behavior.

  • 23.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Res Inst, Ctr Sustainable Tourism, Sogndal, Norway.
    Scott, Daniel
    Hall, C. Michael
    Challenges of tourism in a low-carbon economy2013In: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, ISSN 1757-7780, E-ISSN 1757-7799, Vol. 4, no 6, p. 525-538Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reviews the interrelationships of tourism and climate change from a mitigation perspective. Tourism is an increasingly important part of the global economy that is dependent on the annual movement of billions of travelers, often over large distances. The current contribution of the tourism sector to global climate change is reliably established at approximately 5% of CO2 emissions, though national tourism economies can be considerably more carbon-intense. Great uncertainty remains regarding tourism's future emission trajectories. However, in all scenarios, tourism is anticipated to grow substantially and to account for an increasingly large share of global greenhouse gas emissions, particularly if other sectors manage to achieve absolute emission reductions. The emission reduction challenges facing tourism in a low-carbon economy are analyzed and current industry, government, and consumer responses critically examined. The article ends with a discussion of the implications of business-as-usual emissions trajectories versus the +2 degrees C climate policy target for future tourism development. WIREs Clim Change 2013, 4:525-538. doi: 10.1002/wcc.243 Conflict of interest: The authors have declared no conflicts of interest for this article. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.

  • 24.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund Univ.
    Scott, Daniel
    Univ Waterloo.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Univ Canterbury.
    Inter-market variability in CO2 emission-intensities in tourism: Implications for destination marketing and carbon management2015In: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 46, p. 203-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing gap between tourism's rapidly growing greenhouse gas emissions and the sector's 'aspirational' emission reduction targets as well as the international policy consensus to reduce emissions from this and all other sectors of the economy. The transport component is the largest GHG contributor to the global tourism system. In the absence of supranational policy agreements to curb emissions from international aviation and cruise tourism, as well as limited national policy initiatives, there has been a recent shift in research to the potential role of market-based carbon management for destinations to reduce emissions. Air travel is the most important subsector generating GHGs in international tourism. This article analyses the composition of international tourism markets arriving by air and their respective contribution to emissions at 11 selected countries with distinctly different tourism economies. The implications of changes in the market composition of these countries between 1995 and 2010 for average tourist carbon intensity and total emissions are examined. Results indicate variations in inter-market emission intensities of up to a factor 30 (127-3930 kg CO2/tourist) if comparing individual markets for the whole range of destinations, and up to a factor 5 (370-1830 kg CO2/tourist) if comparing average emission intensities between destinations. Findings are discussed with regard to the potential for destinations to reduce emissions from tourism by strategically fostering specific markets. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 25.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Business, Economics and Design, Linnaeus School of Business and Economics.
    Scott, Daniel
    Hall, C. Michael
    Ceron, Jean-Paul
    Dubois, Ghislain
    Consumer behaviour and demand response of tourists to climate change2012In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 36-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of climate change on tourism demand patterns will be shaped by the response of tourists to the complexity of mitigation policy anti its impacts on transportation systems, the wide range of climate change impacts on destinations, as well as broader impacts on society and economic development. Tourists have the largest adaptive capacity of elements within the tourism system because of their flexibility to substitute the place, timing and type of holiday, even at very short notice. Consequently, understanding tourist perceptions and reactions to the impacts of climate change is essential to anticipating the potential geographic and seasonal shifts in tourism demand, as well as the decline or increase of specific tourism markets. Yet, despite a wide range of publications assessing reactions of tourists to various environmental and climate-related changes, little is actually known about the complexity of demand responses. The paper reviews and discusses existing studies, and provides a framework for a better understanding of perceptions of change, as well as identifying major current uncertainties and research needs.

  • 26.
    Gössling, Stefan
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Lund University;Western Norway Research Institute, Norway.
    Zeiss, Harald
    Harz University of Applied Sciences, Germany.
    Hall, C. Michael
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Martin-Rios, Carlos
    HES-SO University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Switzerland.
    Ram, Yael
    Ashkelon Academic College, Israel.
    Grøtte, Ivar-Petter
    Western Norway Research Institute, Norway.
    A cross-country comparison of accommodation manager perspectives on online review manipulation2019In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 22, no 14, p. 1744-1763Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accommodation businesses are increasingly dependent on a limited number of reservation platforms. A significant feature of these platforms is guest evaluations, which are transformed into ratings and rankings. As the positioning of the business in comparison to competitors determines customer demand, accommodation managers have considerable interest in maintaining or improving their online reputation. One response may be to engage in manipulation strategies. This paper presents the results of a survey including 270 hotel managers in five countries, Germany, Israel, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. Managers confirm growing competition as a result of ratings and rankings, and they report that guests are increasingly aware of the importance of reviews. To avert negative online feedback impacts, managers intervene strategically. The paper discusses new market pressures, emergent consumer judgement culture and consumer citizenship, opportunities for legal redress and the emerging importance of reputation management strategies.

  • 27.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand;University of Oulu, Finland.
    100% pure neoliberalism: Brand New Zealand, New Thinking, New Stories, Inc.2016In: Commercial nationalism and tourism: selling the national story / [ed] Leanne White, Channel View Publications, 2016, p. 105-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland.
    Constructing sustainable tourism development: The 2030 agenda and the managerial ecology of sustainable tourism2019In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 1044-1060Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development sets a series of sustainable development goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all by 2030. The Agenda influences tourism policy even though the Agenda resolution only mentions tourism three times. A heterogeneous constructionism approach is adopted to examine the managerial ecology of tourism and the SDGs. Managerial ecology involves the instrumental application of science and economic utilitarian approaches and in the service of resource utilisation and economic development. A managerial ecological approach is integral to UNWTO work on the SDGs, as well as other actors, and is reflected in policy recommendations for achievement of the SDGs even though tourism is less sustainable than ever with respect to resource use. This situation substantially affects capacities to do other, and create alternative development and policy trajectories. It is concluded that a more reflexive understanding of knowledge and management is required to better understand the implications of knowledge circulation and legitimisation and action for sustainable tourism. More fundamentally, there is a need to rethink human-environment relations given the mistaken belief that the exertion of more effort and greater efficiency will alone solve problems of sustainable tourism.

  • 29.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, Dept Management, Christchurch 1, New Zealand / Univ Oulu, SF-90100 Oulu, Finland / Univ Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Framing tourism geography: notes from the underground2013In: Annals of Tourism Research, ISSN 0160-7383, E-ISSN 1873-7722, Vol. 43, p. 601-623Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism geography is a significant contributor to the study of tourism, yet is generally perceived as marginal to geography. The review frames contemporary tourism geography by examining it in the context of geographical knowledge processes, changes to the environment within which it is situated, issues of marginality, and the ongoing significance of major binaries in geographic thought including physical/human geography and applied/theoretical geography. These frames are relevant to the wider domain of tourism studies as well. Although noting the dangers of invented disciplinary traditions and heritage as a result of the writing of reflective reviews and texts, the article argues that tourism geography has been a significant contributor to the bringing together and hybridity of geographic binaries, especially in the development of more critical applied geographies of environmental change. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 30.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand;University of Oulu, Finland.
    Global change, Islands and sustainable development: Islands of sustainability or analogues of the challenge of sustainable development?2015In: Routledge International Handbook of Sustainable Development / [ed] Michael Redclift & Delyse Springett, Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge, 2015, p. 55-73Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, Dept Management Mkt & Entrepreneurship, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.;Univ Oulu, Dept Geog, Oulu, Finland.;Linneaus Univ, Sch Business & Econ, Kalmar, Sweden.;Univ Johannesburg, Sch Tourism & Hospitality, Fac Management, Johannesburg, South Africa..
    Heritage, heritage tourism and climate change2016In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change is increasingly recognised as a major threat to the sustainability of tourism, including heritage tourism. Yet, despite growth in literature on climate change and heritage, there is little specific literature on the relationship between climate change and heritage tourism. The paper introduces a special issue on heritage tourism and climate change. It briefly outlines the future challenges of climate change before commenting on tourism's role in climate change and the challenge of reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Using UNWTO tourism estimates, a tentative figure of half of all emissions of tourism could be ascribed to heritage-related tourism.

  • 32.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Intervening in academic interventions: framing social marketing's potential for successful sustainable tourism behavioural change2016In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 350-375Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Given tourism's growing emissions and contribution to environmental change, the positive potential of behavioural interventions, and especially social marketing, has increasingly become a focus for sustainable tourism and mobility research. This paper uses the lens of social marketing to investigate the capacities of tourism researchers to contribute to sustainable tourist behavioural change. Several key and interrelated issues are identified: the nature of socio-technical systems and regimes, understanding what constitutes a successful behavioural intervention, the role of theory and belief systems in interventions, and the potential role of upstream social marketing in policy learning and system change. In the case of social marketing, the essentially political nature of engaging in communications on sustainability is also highlighted. This has implications for the social marketing knowledge base on which sustainable tourism behaviour research draws, such as the value of political marketing and psychology, as well as the challenge that this provides for notions of value-free or objective tourism research. The need for behavioural change by tourism researchers, as well as by governments, the industry, and tourists is noted. These issues are critically evaluated and expanded upon to aid academic researchers in understanding and promoting behaviour change in tourism studies.

  • 33.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury ; Univ Oulu ; Univ Johannesburg.
    On the mobility of tourism mobilities2015In: Current Issues in Tourism, ISSN 1368-3500, E-ISSN 1747-7603, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 7-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism mobilities are increasing over time and over space. However, while overall growth is clearly of significance, there is a need for a greater interrogation of some of the underlying assumptions made with respect to the nature of tourism mobility in the highly North American and Eurocentric English language tourism literature. Therefore, closer examination of mobilities in the so-called emerging economies that are becoming of growing importance with respect to aggregate tourism consumption and production may shed significant light on our understandings of tourism and associated mobilities.

  • 34.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand;University of Oulu, Finland;University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    The coming perfect storm: medical tourism as a biosecurity issue2015In: Handbook on medical tourism and patient mobility / [ed] Neil Lunt, Daniel Horsfall & Johanna Hanefeld, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2015, p. 193-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland ; University of Eastern Finland, Finland ; Freiburg Institute of Advanced Studies, Germany.
    The ecological and environmental significance of urban wastelands and drosscapes2013In: Organising Waste in the City: International Perspectives on Narratives and Practices / [ed] María José Zapata Campos, C. Michael Hall, Policy Press, 2013, p. 21-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland ;.
    The environmental externalities of medical and health tourism: Implications for global public health2016In: The Routledge Handbook of Health Tourism / [ed] Melanie Kay Smith & László Puczkó, Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 193-202Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Much of the literature on health and medical tourism in the tourism literature tends to emphasise the potential value to consumers of medical tourism as well as the associated value to (primarily) private healthcare operators and destinations (Musa, Thirumoorthi and Doshi, 2012; Wang, 2012; Medina-Muñoz and Medina-Muñoz, 2013; Alberti, Giusti, Papa and Pizzurno, 2014; Alén, De Carlos and Domínguez, 2014; Woo and Schwartz, 2014; Johnson and Garman, 2015; Wu, Li and Li, 2016). In the medical literature the value drive has been more critically assessed, in part because of concerns over the implications for the patient when things go wrong, but also because of the implications for state-funded public health systems, especially those geared towards a model of universal health (Hall, 2011; Barros, 2015). Nevertheless, there appear to be significant academic and policy divides between countries that primarily embrace private health models and those with stronger publicly provided health systems, especially regarding the ethics and equity of medical and health tourism (Hall, 2012a; Ormond, 2015). However, a key issue in considering medical and health tourism is where the externalities lie, the nature of those externalities and over what timeframe they should be considered in policy making. This chapter therefore seeks to address these questions in the context of the wider health implications of medical tourism and how these should be considered at a time of increasing concerns as to the physical and economic capacities of health systems to respond to disease threats.

  • 37.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland .
    The local in farmers' markets in New Zealand2013In: Sustainable culinary systems: local foods, innovation, tourism and hospitality / [ed] C. Michael Hall & Stefan Gössling, Routledge, 2013, 1, p. 99-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; Oulu University, Finland ; University of Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Tourism and environmental change in Asia2016In: The Routledge Handbook of Tourism in Asia / [ed] C. Michael Hall & Stephen J. Page, Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 72-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Asia has been the fastest growing economic region in the world since the 1970s. Economic development has primarily been driven by adopting a labour-intensive, export-oriented industry development strategy, including tourism, that has been supported by substantial exploitation of both human resources and natural resources (United Nations, Economic and Social Commission for the Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) 2012). Asian populations are regarded as having a strong intrinsic environmental ethic (Yencken 2000), yet despite this, environmental losses in the region have been profound with respect to deforestation and desertification, pollution, extinction and biodiversity loss (UNESCAP & ADB 2000; Hubacek et al. 2009; Avishek et al. 2012; Galli et al. 2012; Shively & Smith 2014). As Barua and Khataniar (2015: 23) note specifically with respect to the policies of national governments in relation to sustainability in the Asian context, ‘in their pursuit of achieving higher economic growth and standards of living, resources have been exploited at a rate much faster than the regenerative capacity of nature’.

  • 39.
    Hall, C. Michael
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland.
    Tourism planning and human security: knowledge and intervention construction and trust in "solving" environmental change2014In: Trust, Tourism Development and Planning / [ed] Robin Nunkoo, Stephen L.J. Smith, Routledge, 2014, 1, p. 86-111Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand;University of Oulu, Finland.
    Amelung, B.
    Wageningen University, Netherlands.
    Cohen, S.
    University of Surrey, UK.
    Eijgelaar, E.
    NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences, Netherlands.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Higham, J.
    University of Otago, New Zealand.
    Leemans, R.
    Peeters, P.
    NHTV Breda University of Applied Sciences, Netherlands.
    Ram, Y.
    Ashkelon Academic College, Israel.
    Scott, D.
    University of Waterloo, Canada.
    On climate change skepticism and denial in tourism2015In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, ISSN 0966-9582, E-ISSN 1747-7646, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 4-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The period leading to and immediately after the release of the IPCC's fifth series of climate change assessments saw substantial efforts by climate change denial interests to portray anthropogenic climate change (ACC) as either unproven theory or a negligible contribution to natural climate variability, including the relationship between tourism and climate change. This paper responds to those claims by stressing that the extent of scientific consensus suggests that human-induced warming of the climate system is unequivocal. Second, it responds in the context of tourism research and ACC, highlighting tourism's significant contribution to greenhouse gas emissions, as well as climate change's potential impacts on tourism at different scales. The paper exposes the tactics used in ACC denial papers to question climate change science by referring to non-peer-reviewed literature, outlier studies, and misinterpretation of research, as well as potential links to think tanks and interest groups. The paper concludes that climate change science does need to improve its communication strategies but that the world-view of some individuals and interests likely precludes acceptance. The connection between ACC and sustainability illustrates the need for debate on adaptation and mitigation strategies, but that debate needs to be grounded in scientific principles not unsupported skepticism.

  • 41.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Amelung, B.
    Wageningen Univ, Netherlands.
    Cohen, S.
    Univ Surrey, UK.
    Eijgelaar, E.
    NHTV Breda Univ Appl Sci, Netherlands.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Higham, J.
    Univ Otago, New Zealand.
    Leemans, R.
    Wageningen Univ, Netherlands.
    Peeters, P.
    NHTV Breda Univ Appl Sci, Netherlands.
    Ram, Y.
    Ashkelon Acad Coll, Israel.
    Scott, D.
    Univ Waterloo, Canada.
    Aall, C.
    Abegg, B.
    Araña, J.E.
    Barr, S.
    Becken, S.
    Buckley, R.
    Burns, P.
    Coles, T.
    Dawson, J.
    Doran, R.
    Dubois, G
    Duval, D.T.
    Fennell, D.
    Gill, A.M.
    Gren, Martin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Gronau, W.
    Guiver, J.
    Hopkins, D.
    Huijbens, E.H.
    Koens, K.
    Lamers, M.
    Lemieux, C.
    Lew, A.
    Long, .
    Melissen, F.W.
    Nawijn, J.
    Nicholls, S.
    Nilsson, J.-H.
    Nunkoo, R.
    Pomering, A.
    Reis, A.C.
    Reiser, D.
    Richardson, R.B
    Rogerson, C.M.
    Saarinen, J.
    Sæþórsdóttir, A.D.
    Steiger, R.
    Upham, P.
    van der Linden, S.
    Visser, G.
    Wall, G.
    Weaver, D.
    No time for smokescreen skepticism: A rejoinder to Shani and Arad2015In: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 47, p. 341-347Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shani and Arad (2014) claimed that tourism scholars tend to endorse the most pessimistic assessments regarding climate change, and that anthropogenic climate change was a "fashionable" and "highly controversial scientific topic". This brief rejoinder provides the balance that is missing from such climate change denial and skepticism studies on climate change and tourism. Recent research provides substantial evidence that reports on anthropogenic climate change are accurate, and that human-induced greenhouse gas emissions, including from the tourism industry, play a significant role in climate change. Some positive net effects may be experienced by some destinations in the short-term, but in the long-term all elements of the tourism system will be impacted. The expansion of tourism emissions at a rate greater than efficiency gains means that it is increasingly urgent that the tourism sector acknowledge, accept and respond to climate change. Debate on tourism-related adaptation and mitigation measures is to be encouraged and welcomed. Climate change denial is not.

  • 42.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Amelung, B.
    Wageningen Univ, Netherlands.
    Cohen, S.
    Univ Surrey, UK.
    Eijgelaar, E.
    NHTV Breda Univ Appl Sci, Netherlands.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Higham, J.
    Univ Otago, New Zealand.
    Leemans, R.
    Wageningen Univ, Netherlands.
    Peeters, P.
    NHTV Breda Univ Appl Sci, Netherlands.
    Ram, Y.
    Ashkelon Acad Coll, Israel.
    Scott, D.
    Univ Waterloo, Canada.
    Aall, C.
    Abegg, B.
    Araña, J.E.
    Barr, S.
    Becken, S.
    Buckley, R.
    Burns, P.
    Coles, T.
    Dawson, J.
    Doran, R.
    Dubois, G.
    Duval, D.T
    Fennell, D.
    Gill, A.M.
    Gren, Martin
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Gronau, W.
    Guiver, J.
    Hopkins, D.
    Huijbens, E.H.
    Koens, K
    Lamers, M.
    Lemieux, C.
    Lew, A.
    Long, P.
    Melissen, F.W.
    Nawijn, J.
    Nicholls, S.
    Nilsson, J-H
    Nunkoo, R.
    Pomering, A.
    Reis, A.C.
    Reiser, D.
    Richardson, R.B.
    Rogerson, C.M.
    Saarinen, J.
    Sæþórsdóttir, A.D.
    Steiger, R.
    Upham, P.
    van der Linden, S.
    Visser, G.
    Wall, G.
    Weaver, D
    Denying bogus skepticism in climate change and tourism research.2015In: Tourism Management, ISSN 0261-5177, E-ISSN 1879-3193, Vol. 47, p. 352-356Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This final response to the two climate change denial papers by Shani and Arad further highlights the inaccuracies, misinformation and errors in their commentaries. The obfuscation of scientific research and the consensus on anthropogenic climate change may have significant long-term negative consequences for better understanding the implications of climate change and climate policy for tourism and create confusion and delay in developing and implementing tourism sector responses.

  • 43.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand;Univ Oulu, Finland;Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Baird, Tim
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    James, Michael
    Shenton Pk, Australia.
    Ram, Yael
    Ashkelon Acad Coll, Israel.
    Climate change and cultural heritage: conservation and heritage tourism in the Anthropocene2016In: Journal of Heritage Tourism, ISSN 1743-873X, E-ISSN 1747-6631, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 10-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reviews some of the actual and potential effects of climate change on cultural heritage and its management with special reference to heritage tourism. This analysis will help to identify knowledge gaps and issues in relation to different types of heritage, management strategies and policy-making, as well as enabling an understanding of the potential significance of climate change impacts in a regional, national and international setting. The analysis is also relevant to understanding the broader pressures of environmental and global change on the management of heritage tourism sites, and cultural heritage in particular, in the Anthropocene.

  • 44.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Univ Canterbury, New Zealand ; Univ Oulu, Finland ; Univ Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Dayal, Natasha
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Majstorovic, Dea
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Mills, Hamish
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Paul-Andrews, Leroy
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Wallace, Chloe
    Univ Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Truong, Van Dao
    Accommodation Consumers and Providers' Attitudes, Behaviours and Practices for Sustainability: A Systematic Review2016In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 8, no 7, article id 625Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accommodation and lodging are an integral component of the tourism and hospitality industry. Given the sectors' growing contribution to resource consumption and waste, there is a growing body of literature on the attitudes, behaviours and practices of consumers, managers, staff and owners of lodging with respect to sustainability. This paper presents the results of a systematic analysis of articles on attitudes, behaviours and practices of consumers and the provision of accommodation with respect to sustainability. The results indicate that there is a dearth of longitudinal studies on the sustainability of practices and behaviours. There are limitations in geographical coverage as well as methods, with research dominated by convenience sampling approaches. It is concluded that while there appear to be improvements in the potential sustainability of lodging with respect to technological approaches, the lack of systematic long-term studies on behavioural interventions represents a significant challenge to reducing the absolute emissions of the sector as well as reductions in energy and water use and waste production. Given the lack of longitudinal studies, it is not known whether observed behavioural changes are sustained over time.

  • 45.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland.
    Gössling, StefanLinnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Research Institute, Norway.
    Food Tourism and Regional Development: Networks, products and trajectories2016Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food tourism is a topic of increasing importance for many destinations. Seen as a means to potentially attract tourists and differentiate destinations and attractions by means of the association with particular products and cuisines, food is also regarded as an opportunity to generate added value from tourism through local agricultural systems and supply chains and the local food system.

    From a regional development perspective this book goes beyond culinary tourism to also look at some of the ways in which the interrelationships between food and tourism contribute to the economic, environmental and social wellbeing of destinations, communities and producers. It examines the way in which tourism and food can mutually add value for each other from the fork to the plate and beyond. Looking at products, e.g. cheese, craft beer, noodles, wine; attractions, restaurants and events; and diverse regional examples, e.g. Champagne, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Margaret River, southern Sweden, and Tuscany; the title highlights how clustering, networking and the cultural economy of food and tourism and foodscapes adds value for regions. Despite the attention given to food, wine and culinary tourism no book has previously directly focused on the contribution of food and tourism in regional development. This international collection has contributors and examples from almost every continent and provides a comprehensive account of the various intersections between food tourism and regional development.

    This timely and significant volume will inform future food and tourism development as well as regional development more widely and will be valuable reading for a range of disciplines including tourism, development studies, food and culinary studies, regional studies, geography and environmental studies.

  • 46.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland.
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. Western Norway Research Institute, Norway.
    From food tourism and regional development to food, tourism and regional development: themes and issues in contemporary foodscapes2016In: Food Tourism and Regional Development: Networks, products and trajectories / [ed] C. Michael Hall, Stefan Gössling, Routledge, 2016, p. 3-57Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 47. Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Gössling, Stefan
    University of Kalmar, Baltic Business School.
    Global environmental change and tourism enterprise2009In: Tourism enterprise and sustainable development: international perspectives on responses to the sustainability agenda / [ed] David Leslie, London: Routledge, 2009, 1, p. 17-35Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 48.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland .
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Re-imagining sustainable culinary systems: The future of culinary systems2013In: Sustainable Culinary Systems: Local Food, Innovation, and Tourism & Hospitality / [ed] C. Michael Hall and Stefan Gössling, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 293-304Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland .
    Gössling, Stefan
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sustainable Culinary Systems: An introduction2013In: Sustainable Culinary Systems: Local Foods, innovation, and Tourism & Hospitality / [ed] C. Michael Hall and Stefan Gössling, London: Routledge, 2013, p. 3-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Hall, C. Michael
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship. University of Canterbury, New Zealand ; University of Oulu, Finland .
    Gössling, StefanLinnaeus University, School of Business and Economics, Department of Organisation and Entrepreneurship.
    Sustainable Culinary Systems: local Foods, Innovation, and Tourism & Hospitality2013Collection (editor) (Refereed)
123 1 - 50 of 104
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