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  • 1.
    Lindström, Anna
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för humaniora, utbildnings- och samhällsvetenskap.
    Rubertsson, Christine
    It's a girl!: Social and linguistic practices for assigning sex in the delivery room1Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    That society divides its members into females and males is the point of departure for muchresearch on gender and language yet the situated accomplishment of the primordial sexcategorization of the newborn child has not attracted much scholarly attention. The presentstudy fills this research gap by exploring the social and linguistic organization of sexassignment in a corpus of 67 videorecordings of birth. We present quantitative and qualitativesupport for the idea that sex assignment is a prioritized activity during the first minutes afterchild birth. Contrary to descriptions and assumptions in previous research we find that sexassignment typically engenders extended sequences of talk that requires collaborationbetween parents and medical staff. Furthermore, we find the assignment to be a genderedpractice in that fathers are given primary entitlement to proclaim the sex of their offspring.We conclude the study by situating our research in its socio-cultural context.

  • 2.
    Lindström, Anna
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rubertsson, Christine
    Uppsala universitet.
    The interactional organization of sex assignment after childbirth2015In: Gender and Language, ISSN 1747-6321, E-ISSN 1747-633X, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 189-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    That society divides its members into females and males is the point of departure for much research on gender and language and yet the situated accomplishment of the primordial sex categorisation of the newborn child has not attracted much scholarly attention. The present study fills this research gap by exploring the interactional organisation of sex assignment in a corpus of 67 video recordings of Swedish hospital births. We present quantitative and qualitative support for the idea that sex assignment is a prioritised activity during the first minutes after childbirth. Contrary to descriptions and assumptions in previous research, we find that sex assignment typically is sequentially accomplished in the social interaction between parents and medical staff. Our analysis reveals a normative preference that selects parents (rather than medical staff) as the ones who should discover and declare sex. We also provide tentative evidence that sex assignment may be a gendered practice that prioritises the father (rather than the mother) as the individual entitled to assign sex.

  • 3.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Age ascription as a resource and a source of resistance: An interactional study of health professionals’ castings of patients into the category ‘old’2017In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 41, no 41, p. 28-35, article id 2017Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study aims to give an understanding of what actions health professionals' castings of patients into the category ‘old’ perform on a medical and social level as well as what actions patients' interactional management of these castings perform. Particularly, this study aims to bring to the fore the negotiability of health professionals' perspectivating age ascriptions. This is done with the conversation analytic method (CA) according to which altercasting is a mutual construction performed turn by turn and shaped by the reactions of the interlocutor who can approve, resist, or modify the identity in question. The data are drawn from two Swedish television documentaries on health encounters. Three major findings are presented. Firstly, the castings of the patients into the category ‘old’ are in several cases embedded in metaphors that either position the patient's body in the role of a victim of old age or in the role of a machine to routinely check. Secondly, the castings with a fateful approach to old age are ambivalent; whereas they serve as resources for the health professionals' normalizing of medical projects and perspectives, they can constitute sources of problems for the patients' doctorability and/or agency. Thirdly, the health professionals' perspectivating age ascriptions are negotiable; their design facilitates resistance to them, and the patients accept, modify, interrupt or reverse them.

  • 4.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Uppsala universitet.
    Att samkonstruera en faderskapsrit: En studie av interaktionen vid klippet av navelsträngen2013In: Norma, ISSN 1890-2138, E-ISSN 1890-2146, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 169-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aim of this article is to provide research about rites a new methodological perspective and to reintroduce rite as an analytical concept to linguistics, by showing how conversation analysis (CA) and membership categorization analysis (MCA) can reveal the rituality of an act from a member’s point of view. CA and MCA give insight into the dependence on the orientations of the participants and their cooperation in constructing an act as a rite. In this sense, the article fulfills the appeal of the sociologist Andrew Roth for a new consideration of the situated and dynamic circumstances of rites.

    The specific aim is to investigate how the ritual dimension of the man’s cutting of the umbilical cord is manifested in the interplay between the participants in the delivery room. In Swedish delivery wards fathers are routinely asked whether they would like to cut the umbilical cord of their newborn child. In previous anthropological research, which has been based on interviews and questionnaires, the character of the cut as a paternity rite has been discussed. Yet, there has been no study about what actually happens in the delivery room; there has been no proof that the participants in real time orient to the act as something more than a mere cut. The present study draws on a corpus of 16 videorecordings from the delivery room that captures the interaction surrounding the cut in real time.

    The linguistic microanalysis shows that the participants, by different means, elevate the man’s cutting of the cord as a valued act that is imbued with symbolism. It is shown that the cutting of the cord is a category-bound activity, reserved for the man and connected to the speaking forth of the category daddy.

  • 5.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro universitet.
    Den mångstämmiga monstervisan: röster, intertexter och kontexter i skillingtryck om sällsamma skepnader2010In: Arkiv för nordisk filologi, ISSN 0066-7668, Vol. 125, p. 127-154Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro universitet.
    Därför talar vuxna genom andra2010In: Språktidningen, ISSN 1654-5028, no 6, p. 28-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 7.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro University.
    Födandets sociala utformning: språkliga och kroppsliga praktiker i förlossningsrummet2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the social construction of birth by analyzing the interaction between the participants present in the delivery room. The data is drawn from 79 video recordings of birth. Six are unedited research recordings and the remaining 73 were edited for pedagogical, documentary and entertaining purposes. The theoretical and analytical perspective is Conversation Analysis. With this microanalytic method, a detailed insight is given to the interaction in the delivery room which should be of linguistic, anthropologic and midwifery interest.

    The thesis demonstrates how different situations are shaped during labor and the first 15 minutes after birth. It reveals how the identities child, girl, boy, mother, father, woman and man are constructed and negotiated in the unfolding interaction between the participants. In this sense, the thesis uncovers the construction of family roles in the delivery room during a delicate interaction between the private persons and the institutional representatives. The latter are charged with the complex task of safeguarding the physical wellbeing of mother and child while also promoting the development of parental identities. The thesis highlights the existence of a social birth work; the institutional interactants make use of a range of linguistic resources to demarcate the progression from second stage labor to birth and to position the newborn as an endeared social creature. Birth is an important liminal situation and is therefore forcefully spoken forth, and, as the thesis shows, enhanced with more or less ritual utterances and actions. Birth is also a matter of bodies, the body in labor, the supporting body of the partner and the appearance of the body of the newborn. The thesis gives insight into how these bodies are managed and stylized in interaction. Further the thesis makes visible the midwife’s use of interactional resources to instill strength into the body of the woman in labor. The results are discussed in light of the socio-cultural circumstances for hospital birth in Sweden.

  • 8.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro universitet.
    Födandets sociala utformning: Språkliga och kroppsliga praktiker i förlossningsrummet2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores the social construction of birth by analyzing the interaction between the participants present in the delivery room. The data is drawn from 79 video recordings of birth. Six are unedited research recordings and the remaining 73 were edited for pedagogical, documentary and entertaining purposes. The theoretical and analytical perspective is Conversation Analysis. With this microanalytic method, a detailed insight is given to the interaction in the delivery room which should be of linguistic, anthropologic and midwifery interest.

    The thesis demonstrates how different situations are shaped during labor and the first 15 minutes after birth. It reveals how the identities child, girl, boy, mother, father, woman and man are constructed and negotiated in the unfolding interaction between the participants. In this sense, the thesis uncovers the construction of family roles in the delivery room during a delicate interaction between the private persons and the institutional representatives. The latter are charged with the complex task of safeguarding the physical wellbeing of mother and child while also promoting the development of parental identities. The thesis highlights the existence of a social birth work; the institutional interactants make use of a range of linguistic resources to demarcate the progression from second stage labor to birth and to position the newborn as an endeared social creature. Birth is an important liminal situation and is therefore forcefully spoken forth, and, as the thesis shows, enhanced with more or less ritual utterances and actions. Birth is also a matter of bodies, the body in labor, the supporting body of the partner and the appearance of the body of the newborn. The thesis gives insight into how these bodies are managed and stylized in interaction. Further the thesis makes visible the midwife’s use of interactional resources to instill strength into the body of the woman in labor. The results are discussed in light of the socio-cultural circumstances for hospital birth in Sweden.

  • 9.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gratitude in action: constructing asymmetrical and symmetrical relations in caregiver-patient closings  2014In: Presented at 3rd OCHER workshop on Clinical Communication Research, 17 januari, 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro universitet.
    I begynnelsen var ordet: tal genom ofödda och nyfödda på förlossningsavdelningen2012In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 185-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study examines the phenomenon of speaking through others in the specific context of labor and delivery at the birth clinic. Speech through a fetus or a newborn child is analyzed as a social act, receiving its meaning from the interactional and situational context. The data are drawn from a corpus of Scandinavian television documentaries. Previous research about speech through others has highlighted its function as face-work. This study shows that speech through fetuses and newborn children also can be regarded as a form of face-work, for instance as an indirect way of exhorting a woman in labor to mobilize more strength, or as an indirect way for finding out if a mother in the after-math of bearing-down contractions is ready to hold her newborn child. However, speech through fetuses and newborns does not merely serve as face-work. Above all it performs birth work: it verbalizes the birth and highlights the human, sociable character of the child. 

  • 11.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro universitet.
    "Jag har inte riktigt fattat att jag har kommit": språk och positioneringar vid födsel2010In: Svenskans beskrivning 31: förhandlingar vid Trettioförsta sammankomsten för svenskans beskrivning / [ed] Ann-Catrine Edlund, Ingmarie Mellenius, Umeå: Institutionen för språkstudier, Umeå universitet , 2010, p. 281-293Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Minuterna kring ett barns födelse är ofta dramatiska. Ena stunden kan fyllas av den yttersta smärta och den andra av den yttersta glädje. Födelseögonblicket brukar också medföra att statusförändringar talas fram; det fullgångna fostret ska övergå till människa, föderskan ska bli dess mamma och partnern dess pappa.2 I sammanhanget har förlossningspersonalen i uppgift att synliggöra det nyfödda barnet, stärka utvecklandet av föräldraidentiteter och främja interaktionen mellan föräldrar och barn (Handläggning av normal förlossning 2001:45, 58; Lärobok för barnmor skor 2009:48, 436). Med tanke på dessa åligganden och med tanke på att födsel är en allmänmänsklig erfarenhet, är det anmärkningsvärt att interaktionen vid detta tillfälle är så gott som outforskad. I föreliggande artikel presenterar jag en språkvetenskaplig analys av en videoinspelad förlossning.Syftet är att visa vilka positioneringar som sker i födelseögonblickets närhet och hur de åstadkoms.

  • 12.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Uppsala universitet.
    ”Jag orkar inte längre” – ”Du orKAr”: Språkliga bemötanden av föderskors modlöshet och förtvivlan2014In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, no 24, p. 5-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This CA study unpacks some of the tacit knowledge that underpins the emotional work of the midwife. The analysis departs from four televised video-recordings of interaction during secondstage labor where the woman in labor expresses discouragement or despair. The aim is to show how expressions of emotions in a painful physical situation may be responded to in multiparty interaction. The expressions of discouragement, and eventually despair, are responded to in both affiliating and solution-oriented ways. This variation of approaches is facilitated by the presence of several participants. Through physical closeness, the partner may perform a supporting intimacy role. Thus the midwife can concentrate on being solution-oriented. Furthermore, the analysis shows that the partner helps her in her solution-oriented interaction with the woman in labor. In accordance with an earlier study, this study also suggests that the midwife’s breaking of the interaction pattern and giving of new instructions have positive effects on women in despair during second-stage labor.

  • 13. Näslund, Shirley
    Monstervisan i retorisk och historisk belysning2010In: Rhetorica Scandinavica, ISSN 1397-0534, no 54, p. 30-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett missfoster har rest sig ur graven för att förkunna, ett sto har fött människobarn med hästhovar, en man har förvandlats till hund … Det är några exempel på utgångspunkterna i en genre skillingtryck från 1600-talet och 1700-talets början. Sällsamma missbildningar och metamorfoser görs i monstervisorna till offentliga angelägenheter, till speglar av samhällets tillstånd och individens tygellöshet som förorsakat detta tillstånd. Denna koppling mellan samhälle och individ gör monstervisorna intressanta för en retorisk analys. I historievetenskapliga analyser har liknande material använts för att belysa vidare företeelser som svunna tiders syn på abnormitet, estetik och genus. En retorisk analys kan emellertid få monster visan att framträda i sin egen rätt, eftersom en sådan analys innebär en närläsning som sätter visans utformning och processinriktade interaktion med mottagaren i brännpunkt. I föreliggande artikel visar jag hur dessa till synes bisarra visor fungerar som en form av epideiktisk retorik

  • 14. Näslund, Shirley
    Monstrum propheticum: inkarnationen av Kristianstadbornas synder2013In: Renässansstaden i Vattenriket: Kristianstad 400 år / [ed] Ingemar Ottosson, Kristianstad: Kristianstads kommun , 2013, p. 36-37Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Uppsala universitet.
    När läkaren återgäldar patientens tack2013In: Presented at OFTI 31, Uppsala 26 september, 2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Ord i interaktion: En lärares organisering av ett klassamtal om ordsammansättning  2018In: Nordand: nordisk tidsskrift for andrespråksforskning, ISSN 0809-9227, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 151-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur en lärare organiserar ett samtal om ordsammansättning i en förskoleklass där lejonparten av eleverna har svenska som andraspråk. Närmare bestämt undersöks hur hon åstadkommer konkretiseringav ord och ordsammansättningssystem, elevgenereringav ord samt orditerationgenom sin organisering av kunskaper och kunskapspositioner. Materialet utgörs av en sekvens ur en videoinspelad lektion om sammansatta ord. Interaktionen i sekvensen analyseras med CA-metoden. Resultaten visar att läraren åstadkommer konkretiseringgenom att låta eleverna visuellt och spatialt förnimma ordens referenter, elevgenerering av ord genom att nominera eleverna till lösare av en ordbildningsformel, positionera de som nomineras som kunniga (K+) och vid behov vägleda dem mot självreparation samt orditerationgenom initiativ till elevreparation och genom itereringar av elevernas svar. Vidare åskådliggör läraren det svenska språkets flexibilitet vid ordsammansättningar genom ett lånande av kroppsdelar som bildligt sett skiljs från resten av individens kropp för att häfta vid olika föremål, så att sammansättningar med nya betydelser uppstår. Av elevernas gensvar att döma, entusiasmerar upplägget dem. Mot denna bakgrund utgör studien ett bidrag till ådagaläggandet av sinnrika undervisningsmetoder i svenska som andraspråk. 

     

  • 17.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi.
    Referens, perspektiv och sociala relationer: Samtalsanalys av videoinspelningar från två förlossningsavdelningar2012In: Med språket som arbetsredskap: Sju studier av kommunikation i vården / [ed] Anna-Malin Karlsson, Mats Landqvist & Hanna Sofia Rehnberg, Södertörn: Södertörns högskola , 2012, p. 63-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Lund University.
    Skiljetecken som stilmedel: Om bruket av komma, tankstreck och tre punkter i tio dikter av Nils Ferlin2007In: Språk & Stil, ISSN 1101-1165, no 17, p. 135-151Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article exemplifies how stylistic effects can be achieved by varying the use of punctuation marks. In several of his poems, Nils Ferlin (1898–1961) deviates from the traditional use of comma, dash and ellipsis (“three dots”) by adding more functions to these conventions than those mentioned in the handbooks of writing. Yet he does not completely abandon the conventional functions, which instead serve as a point of departure for his experimentation. In the present analysis, it will be demonstrated how Ferlin elaborates, refines and stretches the current functions of comma, dash and ellipsis. By means of unusual placings and odd constellations, he creates different stylistic, rhythmical and dramatic effects. Ferlin’s use of punctuation marks thus plays an important role in our experience of the content in his poems.

  • 19.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Örebro University.
    Språk och delaktighet: om lägesbedömning under förlossning2011In: Språk för framtiden : Rapport från ASLA:s höstsymposium, Falun 12–13 november, 2010: Language for the future : Papers from the ASLA Symposium in Falun, 12-13 November, 2010 / [ed] Antii Ylikiiskiä, Maria Westman, Svenska föreningen för tillämpad språkvetenskap , 2011, p. 151-162Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Tacit tango: The social framework of screen-focused silence in institutional telephone calls2016In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 91, p. 60-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the social framework of screen-focused silence in institutional calls. Calls to insurance companies, social care centres and other institutions which keep computerised documentation are likely to entail moments when the call-taker has to focus on the screen at the expense of interacting with the caller. This study examines how the transitions are organised between human–human–screen interaction and human–screen interaction. The analysis shows that both call-taker and caller indicate clear agreement on the period when the call-taker will be temporarily out of contact, and that the latter delivers contextualisation cues at the beginning and end of the period of this screen-focused silence which contribute to a new set of expectations.

  • 21.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Uppsala universitet.
    The passion of wonder. Wonders and the Order of Nature 1150–1750 by Lorraine Daston and Katharine Park1999In: Svenska Linnésällskapets årstidskrift, ISSN 0375-2038, p. 118-120Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Uppsala universitet.
    The social making of birth: Linguistic and bodily practises in the delivery room2014In: Föredrag på Nottinghams universitetssjukhus den 10 september 2014 i samband med Dignity in action, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Näslund, Shirley
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Århundradets hundförvandling: Sex rekontextualiseringar av en berättelse på 1600-talet2020In: HumaNetten, E-ISSN 1403-2279, E-ISSN 1403-2279, Vol. 44, p. 229-248Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Näslund, Shirley
    et al.
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Skoglund, Astrid
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Swedish Language.
    Ström, Peter
    Umeå University, Sweden.
    En bomb i brevlådan eller ett blad bland andra?: En receptionsstudie av Om krisen eller kriget kommer2019In: HumaNetten, E-ISSN 1403-2279, no 43, p. 17-36Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 24 of 24
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