We prove a Riesz-Herz estimate for the maximal function associated toa capacity ConRn,MCf(x)=supQxC(Q)−1Q|f|, which extends the equivalence (Mf )∗(t)f∗∗(t) for the usual Hardy-Littlewood maximal function Mf. The proof is based on an extension of the Wiener-Stein estimates for the distribution function of the maximal function, obtained using a convenient family of dyadiccubes. As a byproduct we obtain a description of the norm of the interpolationspace (L1,L1,C)1/p,p, where L1,C denotes the Morrey space based on a capacity.
Wave analysis is efficient for investigating the interior of objects. Examples are ultra sound examination of humans and radar using elastic and electromagnetic waves. A common procedure is inverse scattering where both transmitters and receivers are located outside the object or on its boundary. A variant is when both transmitters and receivers are located on the scattering object. The canonical model is a finite inhomogeneous string driven by a harmonic point force. The inverse problem for the determination of the diffractive index of the string is studied. This study is a first step to the problem for the determination of the mechanical strength of wooden logs. An inverse scattering theory is formulated incorporating two regularizing strategies. The results of simulations using this theory show that the suggested method works quite well and that the regularization methods based on the couple of spaces (L2; H1 ) could be very useful in such problems.