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  • 1.
    Svensson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Gudssyn inom den sufiska poesin: En jämförelse mellan Jalal ad-din Rumi och Fakhr al-din Araqi2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to compare the works of Jalal ad-din Rumi and Fakhr al-din

    Araqi to see which ideas of God the two writers want to convey. Rumi and Araqi were

    two actors in the mystical dimension of Islam, who lived in the thirteenth century in

    what is today Turkey. Both were of Persian birth and their works were written in

    Persian.

    The material I have chosen to work with is Lama´at by Araqi and parts of the

    Masnavi by Rumi. Both of them have been translated into Swedish by Ashk Dahlén.

    The theoretical premiss is taken from Influence in art and literature by Göran

    Hermerén. My method is to find images for God in the texts to see which ideas of God

    the two writers want to convey.

    My review shows that many of the images come from the Koran and speak of

    personal qualities of God. Some of them also specify that God is not located at the same

    level as the humans. A few passages compare God with natural phenomenon like the

    sun and the ocean. To sum up, God is represented as a powerful being who does not

    exist on the same level as the humans.

    By applying Hermerén´s theory, I conclude that there are influences between the two

    writers. Their work and the images they have chosen are similar in many aspects. These

    influences are most likely the result of the fact that both of the writers existed within the

    same cultural context and under the influence of Ibn Arabi.

  • 2.
    Svensson, Daniel
    Linnaeus University, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Department of Cultural Sciences.
    Kalifat, korståg och turkar: En studie av synen på medeltida muslimer i svenska läroböcker för gymnasiet, 1954­-2012.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have in this essay focused on the attitude towards the medieval muslims in swedish textbooks, in the subject of history from the years between 1954 and 2012. I have made an analysis on the discourse in the books and what they says about the muslims who lived before 1500 AD. The theory I have is a Postcolonial one from the authors Edward Said, Ania Loomba and Leela Gandhi. I have also analyzed the rhetorics the authors have used in every textbook. The results I have identified is that the attitude towards the muslims have changed during the years, from a generalizing view that says that the muslims were driven by the religion and that they were different from the Christian European society that existed during the same time. During the years the attitude changed to be more objective and don´t focus so much on the religion as a power over the will of the people and more towards economic and political reasons for the expansion during the 7th and 8th century. The religious tolerance towards Jews and Christians during the islamic reign in the Middle East is presented and is mentioned in most of the books during all of the decades. My conclusions according to the theory is that the change in the attitude can be a result of a higher level of knowledge about the medieval muslims and a decrease in how much the postcolonial theory have influenced the authors.

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